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Index Mauritius

Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent. [1]

333 relations: Aapravasi Ghat, Abel Tasman, Abolitionism in the United Kingdom, Admiral, AfrAsia Bank Mauritius Open, Africa, African Union, Agaléga, Agalega creole, Air Mauritius, Air quality index, Aldabra, Ameenah Gurib, Ancient Greece, Anerood Jugnauth, Anglo-Irish people, Anil Bachoo, Anno Domini, Antoine Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, Arabs, Aristocracy (class), Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, Arya Samaj, Association football, Assumption of Mary, Barlen Vyapoory, Battle of Grand Port, BBC News, Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, Bhojpuri language, Bihari Mauritian, Black River Gorges National Park, British Indian Ocean Territory, Bruno Julie, Buddhism, Cabinet of Mauritius, Cambridge Assessment International Education, Cap Malheureux, Cartography, Cassam Uteem, Chagos Archipelago, Chagos Archipelago sovereignty dispute, Chagos Marine Protected Area, Chagossian creole, Chagossians, Champ de Mars Racecourse, Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen, Chinese language, Christianity, Christmas, ..., Civil code, Coast, Coat of arms of Mauritius, Code Noir, Colonial Office, Colony, Columbidae, Commodore (Royal Navy), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Commonwealth of Nations, Constituencies of Mauritius, Constitution of Mauritius, Constitution of Mauritius (1885), Corps de Garde, Coup d'état, Crown colony, Cuisine of Mauritius, Curepipe, Deer, Democracy Index, Depopulation of Chagossians from the Chagos Archipelago, Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius, Desroches Island, Diego Garcia, Diogo Fernandes Pereira, Diwali, Dodo, Dom (title), Dutch language, Dutch Republic, Ease of doing business index, Ebony, Economist Intelligence Unit, Education in Mauritius, Eid al-Fitr, Electoral district, Emmanuel Anquetil, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endemism, English language, English law, European Union, Exclusive economic zone, Executive (government), Farquhar Group, First language, Forest, Free education, Freedom in the World, French corsairs, French East India Company, 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country, Isle de France (Mauritius), Islets of Mauritius, Istanbul, Italians, Jacques-Désiré Laval, Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, James Meade, Jean Margéot, Joseph Stiglitz, Josias Rowley, Journal of World History, Kaya (Mauritian musician), Kiteboarding, L'Express (Mauritius), Labour Day, Labour Party (Mauritius), Languages of Asia, Law of France, Le Défi Media Group, Le Morne Brabant, Leader of the Opposition (Mauritius), Left- and right-hand traffic, Legislature, LGBT rights at the United Nations, Library of Congress, List of African countries by population density, List of countries and dependencies by area, List of countries by economic freedom, List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of countries by Human Development Index, List of domesticated animals, List of Hindu festivals, List of Mauritius-related topics, List of places in Mauritius, List of Speakers of the National Assembly of Mauritius, Literacy, Liturgical year, Luxembourg, Maha Shivaratri, Mahatma Gandhi, Manilal Doctor, Marathi language, Mascarene Islands, Matthew Flinders, Maurice, Prince of Orange, Mauritian Creole, Mauritian Militant Movement, Mauritian of African origin, Mauritian of French origin, Mauritian Party of Xavier-Luc Duval, Mauritian rupee, Mauritians, Mauritians of Chinese origin, Mauritians of Indian origin, Mauritius Island, Mauritius national football team, Mauritius Open, Mauritius Police Force, Mauritius Time, Maya Hanoomanjee, Mesopotamia, Middle Ages, Militant Socialist Movement, Money laundering, Monkey, Motherland (anthem), Multi-party system, Multiculturalism, Multilingualism, Multiracial, Music genre, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, National Assembly (Mauritius), National language, Natural resource, New Year, Non-Aligned Movement, Official language, Operation Lal Dora, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Outer Islands of Mauritius, Outline of Mauritius, Parliamentary republic, Parliamentary system, Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate, Paul Bérenger, Paul et Virginie, Pedro Mascarenhas, Permanent Court of Arbitration, PGA European Tour, Phoenicia, Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire, Pondicherry, Port Louis, Portugal, Portuguese language, Pravind Jugnauth, President of Mauritius, Prime Minister of Mauritius, Project Syndicate, Queen Victoria, Raksha Bandhan, Rat, Réunion, Réunion hotspot, Rüdiger Wolfrum, Representative democracy, Request for Comments, Richard Titmuss, Robert Townsend Farquhar, Rodriguan creole, Rodrigues, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy, Sangeet Fowdar, Secularity, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, Sega (genre), Seggae, Seychelles, Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden, Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport, Slavery, Sodomy, Southern African Development Community, Special Mobile Force, St. Brandon, Stadtholder, State House (Mauritius), Statistics Mauritius, Sugarcane, Supporter, Supreme Court of Mauritius, Tamil language, Tamil Mauritian, Telephone numbers in Mauritius, Telugu 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Aapravasi Ghat

The Immigration Depot (आप्रवासी घाट, Aapravasi Ghat) is a building complex located in Port Louis on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius, the first British colony to receive indentured, or contracted, labour workforce from India.

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Abel Tasman

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 – 10 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).

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Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom was the movement in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to end the practice of slavery, whether formal or informal, in the United Kingdom, the British Empire and the world, including ending the Atlantic slave trade.

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Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.

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AfrAsia Bank Mauritius Open

The AfrAsia Bank Mauritius Open is a men's professional golf tournament, co-sanctioned by the European Tour, Sunshine Tour, and Asian Tour.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

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Agaléga (îles Agaléga) are two Outer islands of Mauritius located in the Indian Ocean, about north of Mauritius island.

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Agalega creole

No description.

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Air Mauritius

Air Mauritius Limited, operating as Air Mauritius, is the flag carrier airline of Mauritius.

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Air quality index

An air quality index (AQI) is a number used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become.

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Aldabra is the world's second-largest coral atoll.

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Ameenah Gurib

Bibi Ameenah Firdaus Gurib-Fakim GCSK (born 17 October 1959) is a Mauritian biodiversity scientist who served as the 6th President of Mauritius from 2015 to 2018.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Anerood Jugnauth

Sir Anerood Jugnauth GCSK, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, QC, MP, PC (born 29 March 1930) is a Mauritian politician who has served as both President and Prime Minister of Mauritius.

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Anglo-Irish people

Anglo-Irish is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a social class in Ireland, whose members are mostly the descendants and successors of the English Protestant Ascendancy.

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Anil Bachoo

Anil Kumar Bachoo (born आनिल कुमार बचू on 6 September 1953) is a former Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Public Infrastructure, National Development Unit, Land Transport and Shipping of Mauritius.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Antoine Bruni d'Entrecasteaux

Antoine Raymond Joseph de Bruni d'Entrecasteaux (8 November 1737 – 21 July 1793) was a French naval officer, explorer and colonial governor.

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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Aristocracy (class)

The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.

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Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912) was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator.

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Arya Samaj

Arya Samaj (Sanskrit: आर्य समाज "Noble Society" Hindi: आर्य समाज, Bengali: আর্য সমাজ, Punjabi: ਆਰੀਆ ਸਮਾਜ, Gujarati: આર્ય સમાજ) is an Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values and practices based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Assumption of Mary

The Assumption of Mary into Heaven (often shortened to the Assumption and also known as the Feast of Saint Mary the Virgin, Mother of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the Falling Asleep of the Blessed Virgin Mary (the Dormition)) is, according to the beliefs of the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and parts of Anglicanism, the bodily taking up of the Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life.

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Barlen Vyapoory

Paramasivum Pillay "Barlen" Vyapoory (born 1945/46) is a Mauritian politician who has served as vice president of Mauritius since 2016.

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Battle of Grand Port

The Battle of Grand Port was a naval battle between squadrons of frigates from the French Navy and the British Royal Navy.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais

Bertrand-François Mahé, comte de La Bourdonnais (11 February 169910 November 1753) was a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company.

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Bhojpuri language

Bhojpuri is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern-Eastern part of India and the Terai region of Nepal.

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Bihari Mauritian

Bihari Mauritians are the descendants of Bhojpuri migrants to Mauritius.

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Black River Gorges National Park

Black River Gorges National Park is a national park in the hilly south-western part of Mauritius.

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British Indian Ocean Territory

The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is a British overseas territory of the United Kingdom situated in the Indian Ocean halfway between Tanzania and Indonesia.

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Bruno Julie

Louis Richard Bruno Julie, known as Bruno Julie, (born July 11, 1978) is a Mauritian bantamweight boxer who won a number of medals in international tournaments and competed in the 2008 Olympics when he won the first-ever Olympic medal for the island of Mauritius.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Cabinet of Mauritius

The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Mauritius is the official council which advises the President of the Republic in the making of major decisions.

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Cambridge Assessment International Education

Cambridge Assessment International Education (or simply Cambridge, formerly known as CIE - (University of) Cambridge International Examinations) is a provider of international qualifications, offering examinations and qualifications to 10,000 schools in more than 160 countries.

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Cap Malheureux

Cap Malheureux is a village in Mauritius located in Rivière du Rempart District.

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Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Cassam Uteem

Cassam Uteem, GCSK (born 22 March 1941) is a Mauritian political figure who served as President of Mauritius from 30 June 1992 to 15 February 2002 and is the longest serving President of Mauritius, having served for nine years.

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Chagos Archipelago

The Chagos Archipelago or Chagos Islands (formerly the Bassas de Chagas, and later the Oil Islands) are a group of seven atolls comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean about 500 kilometres (310 mi) south of the Maldives archipelago.

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Chagos Archipelago sovereignty dispute

Sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between Mauritius and the United Kingdom.

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Chagos Marine Protected Area

The Chagos Marine Protected Area, located in the central Indian Ocean in the British Indian Ocean Territory of the United Kingdom, is one of the world's largest marine protected areas, and one of the largest protected areas of any type (land or sea) on Earth.

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Chagossian creole

Chagossian Creole (also créole îlois, kreol Ilwa, or just Ilwa) is a French-based Creole that was still spoken in 1994 by the 1,800 or so Chagossians, the former inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago evicted in the early 1970s.

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The Chagossians (also Îlois or Chagos Islanders) are people of African, Indian and Malay ancestry who inhabited the Chagos Islands, specifically Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos, and the Salomon island chain, as well as other parts of the Chagos Archipelago, from the late 18th to the late 20th century.

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Champ de Mars Racecourse

The Champ de Mars Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse race track in Port Louis, Mauritius.

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Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen

Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen (13 April 1769 – 9 September 1832) was a French general who served during the French Revolutionary Wars, as Governor General of Pondicherry and the Isle de France (now Mauritius) and as commander of the Army of Catalonia during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Civil code

A civil code is a systematic collection of laws designed to deal with the core areas of private law such as for dealing with business and negligence lawsuits and practices.

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A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.

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Coat of arms of Mauritius

The coat of arms of Mauritius are stipulated in the "Mauritius Laws 1990 Vol.2 SCHEDULE (Section 2)".

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Code Noir

The Code Noir (Black Code) was a decree originally passed by France's King Louis XIV in 1685.

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Colonial Office

The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.

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In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.

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Pigeons and doves constitute the animal family Columbidae and the order Columbiformes, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species.

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Commodore (Royal Navy)

Commodore (Cdre) is a rank of the Royal Navy above captain and below rear admiral.

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Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with nineteen member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Constituencies of Mauritius

Constituencies of Mauritius are the electoral boundaries within the Republic of Mauritius.

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Constitution of Mauritius

The Constitution of the Republic of Mauritius (La Constitution de Maurice) is the supreme law of Mauritius, according to Chapter I, Section 2 of the constitution, if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

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Constitution of Mauritius (1885)

The British colony of Mauritius received a new constitution by letters patent on 16 September 1885.

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Corps de Garde

Corps de Garde (translation: guardhouse) is a 720-metre-high mountain of volcanic origin, in the area of the Moka Range between the Mont du Rempart (545 m) and the Le Pouce Mountain (812 m) in the Plaines Wilhems district of Mauritius.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.

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Crown colony

Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.

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Cuisine of Mauritius

The cuisine of Mauritius is a blend of Chinese, European and Indian influences in the history of Mauritius.

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Curepipe also known as La Ville-Lumière (The City of Light), is a town in Mauritius, located in the Plaines Wilhems District, the eastern part also lies in the Moka District.

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Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Democracy Index

The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the UK-based company the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) that intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are UN member states.

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Depopulation of Chagossians from the Chagos Archipelago

The depopulation of Chagossians from the Chagos Archipelago was the forced expulsion of the inhabitants of the island of Diego Garcia and the other islands of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) by the United Kingdom, at the request of the United States, beginning in 1968 and concluding on 27 April 1973 with the evacuation of Peros Banhos atoll.

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Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius

The Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic Mauritius (Vice-Premier Ministre) is the senior member of the Cabinet of Mauritius.

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Desroches Island

Desroches Island or Île Desroches is the main island of the Amirante Islands, part of the Outer Islands of the Seychelles.

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Diego Garcia

Diego Garcia is an atoll just south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean, and the largest of 60 small islands comprising the Chagos Archipelago.

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Diogo Fernandes Pereira

Diogo Fernandes Pereira, sometimes called simply Diogo Fernandes, was a Portuguese 16th-century navigator, originally from Setúbal, Portugal.

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Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).

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The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.

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Dom (title)

Dom is an honorific prefixed to the given name.

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Dutch language

The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Ease of doing business index

The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov at the World Bank Group.

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Ebony is a dense black hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons.

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Economist Intelligence Unit

The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.

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Education in Mauritius

Education in Mauritius is managed by the Ministry of Education & Human Resources, which controls the development and administration of state schools funded by government, but also has an advisory and supervisory role in respect of private schools.

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Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).

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Electoral district

An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.

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Emmanuel Anquetil

Emmanuel Anquetil (1885-1946) was a Mauritian trade unionist, and the second leader of the Mauritius Labour Party.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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English law

English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Exclusive economic zone

An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind.

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Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

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Farquhar Group

The Farquhar Group belong to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the southwest of the island nation, more than southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

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First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.

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A forest is a large area dominated by trees.

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Free education

Free education is education funded through taxation or charitable organizations rather than tuition funding.

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Freedom in the World

Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization Freedom House that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant related and disputed territories around the world.

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French corsairs

Corsairs (corsaire) were privateers, authorized to conduct raids on shipping of a nation at war with France, on behalf of the French crown.

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French East India Company

The French East India Company (Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere. It resulted from the fusion of three earlier companies, the 1660 Compagnie de Chine, the Compagnie d'Orient and Compagnie de Madagascar. The first Director General for the Company was François de la Faye, who was adjoined by two Directors belonging to the two most successful trading organizations at that time: François Caron, who had spent 30 years working for the Dutch East India Company, including more than 20 years in Japan, and Marcara Avanchintz, a trader from Isfahan, Persia.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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French Revolutionary Wars

The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution.

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French-based creole languages

A French creole, or French-based creole language, is a creole language (contact language with native speakers) for which French is the lexifier.

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Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.

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GCE Advanced Level

The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education, as well as a school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the United Kingdom and the educational authorities of British Crown dependencies to students completing secondary or pre-university education.

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GCE Ordinary Level

The O Level (Ordinary Level; official title: General Certificate of Education: Ordinary Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education.

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Geoffrey Robertson

Geoffrey Ronald Robertson (born 30 September 1946) is a human rights barrister, academic, author and broadcaster.

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Google Code-in

Google Code-in (GCI) is an annual programming competition hosted by Google Inc. that allows pre-university students to complete tasks specified by various, partnering open source organizations.

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Government of France

The Government of the French Republic (Gouvernement de la République française) exercises executive power in France.

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Government Portal of Mauritius

The Government Portal of Mauritius is the official web portal of the Government of Mauritius.

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Governor of British Mauritius

The British Governor of Mauritius was an official who ruled British Mauritius (now Republic of Mauritius) during the British colonial period between 1810 and 1968.

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Governor of Isle de France (Mauritius)

The Governor of Isle de France was an official who ruled Isle de France (now Republic of Mauritius) during the French colonial period between 1721 and 1810.

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Grand Port District

Grand Port is a district of Mauritius, situated in the east of the island.

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A hackathon (also known as a hack day, hackfest or codefest) is a design sprint-like event in which computer programmers and others involved in software development, including graphic designers, interface designers, project managers, and others, often including subject-matter-experts, collaborate intensively on software projects.

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hackers.mu is a group of developers from Mauritius who are focused on computer security, IETF standards and Linux and Open Source Software adoption.

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Harold Macmillan

Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.

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Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.

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Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Hindustani language

Hindustani (हिन्दुस्तानी, ہندوستانی, ||lit.

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History of Mauritius

The known history of Mauritius begins with its discovery by Arabs, followed by Europeans and its appearance on maps in the early 16th century.

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Holi (Holī), also known as the "festival of colours", is a spring festival celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent as well as in countries with large Indian subcontinent diaspora populations such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji.

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Ibrahim Index of African Governance

The Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG), established in 2007, provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries.

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Indentured servitude

An indentured servant or indentured laborer is an employee (indenturee) within a system of unfree labor who is bound by a signed or forced contract (indenture) to work for a particular employer for a fixed time.

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Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.

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Index of Economic Freedom

The Index of Economic Freedom is an annual index and ranking created by The Heritage Foundation and The Wall Street Journal in 1995 to measure the degree of economic freedom in the world's nations.

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Index of Mauritius-related articles

The following is an index of Mauritius-related topics by alphabetical order.

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Indian Army

The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Indian indenture system

The Indian indenture system was a system of indenture, a form of debt bondage, by which 3.5 million Indians were transported to various colonies of European powers to provide labour for the (mainly sugar) plantations.

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Indian Navy

The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.

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Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).

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Indian Ocean Commission

The Indian Ocean Commission (Commission de l'Océan Indien, COI) is an intergovernmental organization that was created in 1982 at Port Louis, Mauritius and institutionalized in 1984 by the Victoria Agreement in Seychelles.

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Indian Ocean Island Games

The Indian Ocean Island Games (Jeux des îles de l'océan Indien) is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from Indian Ocean island nations.

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Indian people

No description.

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Indian-Ocean Rim Association

The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), formerly known as the Indian Ocean Rim Initiative and Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), is an international organisation consisting of coastal states bordering the Indian Ocean.

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Indira Gandhi

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

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Internet Engineering Task Force

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Invasion of Isle de France

The Invasion of Isle de France was a complicated but successful amphibious operation in the Indian Ocean, launched in November 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islamic holidays

There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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Isle de France (Mauritius)

Isle de France (Île de France in modern French) was the name of the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius and its dependent territories between 1715 and 1810, when the area was under the French East India Company and part of France's empire.

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Islets of Mauritius

The Islets of Mauritius includes nearly a hundred tiny islets and rocks scattered around the coast of Mauritius as well as Rodrigues.

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Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.

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The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.

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Jacques-Désiré Laval

Blessed Jacques-Désiré Laval (18 September 1803 – 9 September 1864) was a French Roman Catholic priest who served in the missions in Mauritius; he was a professed member from the Spiritans.

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Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (also called Bernardin de St. Pierre) (19 January 1737 Le Havre – 21 January 1814 Éragny, Val-d'Oise) was a French writer and botanist.

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James Meade

James Edward Meade CB, FBA (23 June 1907 – 22 December 1995) was a British economist and winner of the 1977 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences jointly with the Swedish economist Bertil Ohlin for their "pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements." Meade was born in Swanage, Dorset.

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Jean Margéot

Jean Margéot (February 3, 1916 – July 17, 2009) was Mauritian Roman Catholic priest, bishop and cardinal.

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Joseph Stiglitz

Joseph Eugene Stiglitz (born February 9, 1943) is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University.

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Josias Rowley

Admiral Sir Josias Rowley, 1st Baronet, (1765 – 10 January 1842), known as "The Sweeper of the Seas", was an Anglo-Irish naval officer who commanded the campaign that captured the French Indian Ocean islands of Réunion and Mauritius in 1810.

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Journal of World History

The Journal of World History is a peer-reviewed academic journal that presents historical analysis from a global point of view, focusing especially on forces that cross the boundaries of cultures and civilizations, including large-scale population movements, economic fluctuations, transfers of technology, the spread of infectious diseases, long-distance trade, and the spread of religious faiths, ideas, and values.

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Kaya (Mauritian musician)

Joseph Reginald Topize (10 August 1960 – 21 February 1999) professionally known by his stage name Kaya was a Mauritian musician and the creator of "seggae".

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Kiteboarding is an action sport combining aspects of wakeboarding, snowboarding, windsurfing, surfing, paragliding, skateboarding and sailing into one extreme sport.

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L'Express (Mauritius)

L'Express is a French-language daily newspaper, published in Mauritius since 1963 and owned by La Sentinelle, Ltd.

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Labour Day

Labour Day (Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers.

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Labour Party (Mauritius)

The Labour Party (PTR; Parti Travailliste) is a centre-left social-democratic political party in Mauritius, and one of the three main Mauritian political parties along with the Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM) and the Militant Socialist Movement (MSM).

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Languages of Asia

There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising different language families and some unrelated isolates.

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Law of France

In academic terms, French law can be divided into two main categories: private law ("droit privé") and public law ("droit public").

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Le Défi Media Group

Le Défi Media Group is a mass media company based in Port Louis, Mauritius.

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Le Morne Brabant

Le Morne Brabant is a peninsula at the extreme southwestern tip of the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius on the windward side of the island.

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Leader of the Opposition (Mauritius)

The Leader of the Opposition (Leader de l'opposition) of the Republic of Mauritius is the Member of Parliament who leads the Opposition party in the National Assembly.

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Left- and right-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.

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A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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LGBT rights at the United Nations

Discussions of LGBT rights at the United Nations have included resolutions and joint statements in the United Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), attention by the expert led human rights mechanisms, such as the United Nations Treaty Bodies and Special Procedures, as well as by the UN Agencies.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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List of African countries by population density

This is a list of African countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km².

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List of countries and dependencies by area

This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

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List of countries by economic freedom

This article includes a partial List of countries by economic freedom that shows the top 50 highest ranking countries from two reports on economic freedom.

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List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.

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List of countries by Human Development Index

This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.

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List of domesticated animals

This page gives a list of domestic animals, also including a list of animals which are or may be currently undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation.

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List of Hindu festivals

There are a great number of Hindu Religious Festivals held throughout the world.

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List of Mauritius-related topics

This is a partial list of topics related to Mauritius.

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List of places in Mauritius

This is a list of populated places in Mauritius and Agaléga.

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List of Speakers of the National Assembly of Mauritius

List of Speakers of the National Assembly of Mauritius.

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Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

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Liturgical year

The liturgical year, also known as the church year or Christian year, as well as the kalendar, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days, including celebrations of saints, are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.

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Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.

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Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva.

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Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.

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Manilal Doctor

Manilal Maganlal Doctor (28 July 1881 – 8 January 1956) was a British Indian barrister and politician, who travelled to numerous countries of the British Empire, including Fiji, Mauritius and Aden, providing legal assistance to the local ethnic Indian population.

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Marathi language

Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.

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Mascarene Islands

The Mascarene Islands or Mascarenes or Mascarenhas Archipelago is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar consisting of Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues.

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Matthew Flinders

Captain Matthew Flinders (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) was an English navigator and cartographer, who was the leader of the first circumnavigation of Australia and identified it as a continent.

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Maurice, Prince of Orange

Maurice of Orange (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) (14 November 1567 – 23 April 1625) was stadtholder of all the provinces of the Dutch Republic except for Friesland from 1585 at earliest until his death in 1625.

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Mauritian Creole

Mauritian Creole or Morisien (Mauritian Creole: kreol morisien, pronunciation: /kʁeol moʁisjɛ̃, -iʃɛ̃/) is a French-based creole language spoken in Mauritius.

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Mauritian Militant Movement

The Mouvement Militant Mauricien (MMM) (Mauritian Militant Movement) is a left-wing socialist political party in Mauritius.

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Mauritian of African origin

Mauritians of African origin, also known as Creole, are Mauritian people whose ancestors are from African countries, mainly from Madagascar and Mozambique.

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Mauritian of French origin

A Mauritian of French origin, as the name implies, is a Mauritian person whose ancestors are from France.

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Mauritian Party of Xavier-Luc Duval

The Mauritian Party of Xavier-Luc Duval was a political party in Mauritius and has now been dissolved.

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Mauritian rupee

The rupee (sign: ₨; ISO 4217 code: MUR) is the currency of Mauritius.

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Mauritians (singular Mauritian; Mauricien) are nationals or natives of the Republic of Mauritius and their descendants.

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Mauritians of Chinese origin

Mauritians of Chinese origin, also known as Sino-Mauritians, are Mauritians who trace their ethnic ancestry to China.

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Mauritians of Indian origin

Mauritians of Indian origin, also known as Indo-Mauritians, are Mauritians whose ancestors are from the Indian subcontinent.

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Mauritius Island

Mauritius (Moris in Creole), formerly the Isle of France and Île Maurice in French, is the main island of the nation of Mauritius.

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Mauritius national football team

The Mauritius national football team (Équipe de Maurice de football), nicknamed Club M and Les Dodos (The Dodos), is the national team of Mauritius.

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Mauritius Open

The Mauritius Open was a golf tournament played on the island of Mauritius from 1994 through 2008.

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Mauritius Police Force

The Mauritius Police Force (MPF) is the national law enforcement agency of Mauritius.

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Mauritius Time

Mauritius Time, or MUT, is a time zone used by the Indian Ocean island nation of Mauritius.

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Maya Hanoomanjee

Santi Bai 'Maya' Hanoomanjee GCSK (Hindi:माया हनुमानजी Born GHOSE, on 5 November 1952) is a Mauritian politician and former Civil Servant who was elected as speaker of the National Assembly of Mauritius in December 2014.

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Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Militant Socialist Movement

The Militant Socialist Movement (Mouvement Socialiste Militant; abbreviated MSM) is a centre-left political party in Mauritius that adheres to the philosophies of socialism and political democracy.

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Money laundering

Money laundering is the act of concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly "legitimate" assets.

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Monkeys are non-hominoid simians, generally possessing tails and consisting of about 260 known living species.

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Motherland (anthem)

"Motherland" (Mère Patrie) is the national anthem of Mauritius.

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Multi-party system

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.

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Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.

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Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.

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Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.

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Music genre

A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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National Assembly (Mauritius)

The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is Mauritius's unicameral legislature, which was called the Legislative Assembly until 1992, when the country became a republic.

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National language

A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy.

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Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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Non-Aligned Movement

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Operation Lal Dora

Operation Lal Dora was conceived in 1983, with the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs.

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Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

Flag of the Francophonie The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), generally known as the Francophonie (La Francophonie), but also called International Organisation of La Francophonie in English language context, is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers), or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.

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Outer Islands of Mauritius

Outer Islands of Mauritius is the single first-order administrative division of the country and consists of the islands of Mauritius and several outlying islands.

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Outline of Mauritius

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mauritius: Mauritius – sovereign island nation located in the southwest Indian Ocean about east of Madagascar.

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Parliamentary republic

A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.

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Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate

The Parti Mauricien Social Démocrate (PMSD) is a political party in Mauritius.

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Paul Bérenger

Paul Raymond Bérenger GCSK, MP (born 26 March 1945) is a Mauritian politician who was Prime Minister of Mauritius from 2003 to 2005.

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Paul et Virginie

Paul et Virginie (or Paul and Virginia) is a novel by Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, first published in 1788.

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Pedro Mascarenhas

Dom Pedro Mascarenhas (1470 – 16 June 1555) was a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator.

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Permanent Court of Arbitration

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is an intergovernmental organization located at The Hague in the Netherlands.

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PGA European Tour

The PGA European Tour is an organisation which operates the three leading men's professional golf tours in Europe: the elite European Tour, the European Senior Tour and the developmental Challenge Tour.

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Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

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Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire

Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire (Little Black River Peak) is the highest mountain on the island of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean.

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Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.

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Port Louis

Port Louis (Port-Louis, Mauritian Creole: Porlwi poːrlwi) is the capital city of Mauritius.

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Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.

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Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.

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Pravind Jugnauth

Pravind Kumar Jugnauth MP Esq. (Creole pronunciation: /pʁavind dʒʌgnət/; born 25 December 1961) is a Mauritian politician who is Prime Minister of Mauritius, in office since 2017, and also holds another portfolio as Minister of Finance.

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President of Mauritius

The President of Mauritius (Président de la République de Maurice) is the Head of State of the Republic of Mauritius.

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Prime Minister of Mauritius

The Prime Minister of Mauritius (Premier Ministre de Maurice) is the head of government of Mauritius.

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Project Syndicate

Project Syndicate is an international media organization that publishes and syndicates commentary and analysis on a variety of important global topics.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan, also Rakshabandhan, Quote: m Hindi rakśābandhan held on the full moon of the month of Savan, when sisters tie a talisman (rakhi q.v.) on the arm of their brothers and receive small gifts of money from them.

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Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

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Réunion (La Réunion,; previously Île Bourbon) is an island and region of France in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southwest of Mauritius.

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Réunion hotspot

The Réunion hotspot is a volcanic hotspot which currently lies under the island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean.

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Rüdiger Wolfrum

Rüdiger Wolfrum (born 13 December 1941 in Berlin) is German jurist and the current professor of international law at the Heidelberg University Faculty of Law and director emeritus of the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law.

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Representative democracy

Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

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Request for Comments

In information and communications technology, a Request for Comments (RFC) is a type of publication from the technology community.

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Richard Titmuss

Richard Morris Titmuss CBE, FBA (1907–1973) was a pioneering British social researcher and teacher.

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Robert Townsend Farquhar

Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar, 1st Baronet (1776 – 16 March 1830) was an influential British merchant of the early nineteenth century who served as a colonial governor and Member of Parliament.

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Rodriguan creole

Rodriguan Creole is a dialect of Mauritian Creole spoken on the island of Rodrigues in the Indian Ocean.

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Rodrigues (Île Rodrigues) is a autonomous outer island of the Republic of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, about east of Mauritius.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Sangeet Fowdar

Sangeet Fowdar FCCA, MP (born 5 September 1957) is a Fellow Member of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (FCCA) and Mauritian politician, serving as a Member of Parliament for Grand Baie & Poudre d'Or, Mauritius.

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Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.

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Seewoosagur Ramgoolam

Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (Hindi: सर शिवसागर रामगुलाम; September 18, 1900 – December 15, 1985; often referred to as Chacha Ramgoolam) was a Mauritian politician, statesman and philanthropist.

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Sega (genre)

Sega (Séga) is one of the major music genres of Mauritius, the others being its fusion genre Seggae and Bhojpuri songs.

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Seggae is a fusion genre of sega, the traditional music of the Mascarene Islands, and reggae.

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Seychelles (French), officially the Republic of Seychelles (République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelago and sovereign state in the Indian Ocean.

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Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport

Sir Gaëtan Duval Airport is an airport located near Plaine Corail on Rodrigues, an island dependency of Mauritius.

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Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden

The Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Botanical Garden (sometimes shortened to the SSR Botanical Garden), commonly known as the Pamplemousses Botanical Garden, is a popular tourist attraction in Pamplemousses, near Port Louis, Mauritius, and the oldest botanical garden in the Southern Hemisphere.

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Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport

Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport is the main international airport in Mauritius.

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Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.

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Sodomy is generally anal or oral sex between people or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal (bestiality), but it may also mean any non-procreative sexual activity.

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Southern African Development Community

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

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Special Mobile Force

The Special Mobile Force is a paramilitary unit that serves as the main internal security force in Mauritius.

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St. Brandon

Saint Brandon, also known as the Cargados Carajos Shoals, is an Indian Ocean archipelago about northeast of Mauritius consisting of a number of sand banks, shoals and islets.

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In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.

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State House (Mauritius)

The State House (Le Château de Réduit.) is the official Residence of the President of Mauritius.

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Statistics Mauritius

Statistics Mauritius formerly known as the Central Statistics Office (CSO) is the national statistical agency of Mauritius.

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Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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In heraldry, supporters, sometimes referred to as attendants, are figures or objects usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up.

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Supreme Court of Mauritius

The Supreme Court of Mauritius is the highest court of Mauritius and is the final court of appeal in the Mauritian judicial system.

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Tamil language

Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.

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Tamil Mauritian

Tamil Mauritians are the descendants of Tamil migrants to Mauritius.

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Telephone numbers in Mauritius

Telephone numbers in Mauritius follow a closed numbering plan and are regulated by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority.

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Telugu language

Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.

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Thaipusam or Thaipoosam is a festival celebrated by the Tamil community on the full moon in the Tamil month of Thai (January/February).

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The Heritage Foundation

The Heritage Foundation (abbreviated to Heritage) is an American conservative public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The World Factbook

The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.

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Thoroughbred horse racing

Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses.

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Tourism in Mauritius

Tourism in Mauritius is an important component of the Mauritian economy as well as a significant source of its foreign exchange revenues.

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Traditional Chinese holidays

The traditional Chinese holidays are an essential part of harvests or prayer offerings.

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Transport Layer Security

Transport Layer Security (TLS) – and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.

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Tromelin Island

Tromelin Island (Île Tromelin) is a low, flat, island in the Indian Ocean about north of Réunion, and about east of Madagascar.

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Tropic of Capricorn

The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the circle of latitude that contains the subsolar point on the December (or southern) solstice.

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Tropical climate

A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Truth and Justice Commission

The Truth and Justice Commission of Mauritius was an independent truth commission established in 2009, which explored the impact of slavery and indentured servitude in Mauritius.

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Ugadi (Ugādi, Samvatsarādi, Yugadi) is the New Year's Day for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra, states in India.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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Universal suffrage

The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.

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University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.

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University of Mauritius

The University of Mauritius (UoM) (Université de Maurice) is the national university of Mauritius.

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University of Technology, Mauritius

The University of Technology, Mauritius (UTM) is a public research university in Mauritius.

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Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.

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Veerasamy Ringadoo

Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo, GCMG, GCSK, QC, (born வீரசாமி ரிங்காடு; 20 October 1920 – 9 September 2000) was the Governor-General of Mauritius from 17 January 1986 to 12 March 1992, when it became a republic.

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A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.

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Vice-President of Mauritius

The Vice-President of the Republic of Mauritius (Vice-Président de la République de Maurice) is the second-highest office of the Republic of Mauritius.

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Westminster system

The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.

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Wildlife of Mauritius

The wildlife of Mauritius is composed of its flora and fauna.

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Wind of Change (speech)

The "Wind of Change" speech was a historically significant address made by the UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan to the Parliament of South Africa, on 3 February 1960 in Cape Town.

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World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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World Trade Organization

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Xavier-Luc Duval

Charles Gaëtan Xavier Luc Duval (born 28 January 1958) is a Mauritian politician who was Deputy Prime Minister of Mauritius in the cabinet of Sir Anerood Jugnauth from December 2014 to December 2016.

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.mu is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Mauritius.

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19th parallel south

The 19th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 19 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.

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20th parallel south

The 20th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 20 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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57th meridian east

The meridian 57° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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Crime in Mauritius, Crime in mauritius, Crown Colony of Mauritius, Dominion of Mauritius, Health care in Mauritius, Health in Mauritius, ISO 3166-1:MU, Ile Maurice, Island of Mauritius, Law enforcement in Mauritius, Maritius, Mauritas, Mauritias, Maurituis, Mauritus, Republic of Mauritius, République de Maurice.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauritius

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