306 relations: Academic fencing, Adolf Hitler, Affectional action, Alfred Weber, Analytic philosophy, Ancient history, Ancient Judaism (book), Anthology, Antipositivism, Antwerp, Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, Article 48 (Weimar Constitution), Aryan race, Asceticism, August Meitzen, Auguste Comte, Austrian School, Authority, Émile Durkheim, Bar association, Base and superstructure, Bavaria, Behavioral economics, Book of Job, Bourgeoisie, British Journal of Sociology, Buddhism, Bureaucracy, C. Wright Mills, Calvinism, Capital good, Carl Menger, Carl Schmitt, Caste system in India, Charismatic authority, Chicago school of economics, Chinese philosophy, Comparative history, Condition of Farm Labour in Eastern Germany, Confucianism, Cornelius Castoriadis, Cost–benefit analysis, Critical theory, Democratization, Dirk Kaesler, Disenchantment, Dispersed knowledge, Double-entry bookkeeping system, Dystopia, East Asian religions, ..., Economic calculation problem, Economic history, Economic inequality, Economic sociology, Economic system, Economy and Society, Editorial URSS, Empiricism, Erfurt, Ernst Troeltsch, Ethical monotheism, Ethics (journal), Evangelical Social Congress, Family, Feudalism, Florence, Former eastern territories of Germany, Frank Knight, Frankfurt School, Freiburg im Breisgau, Friedrich Ebert, Friedrich Hayek, Friedrich Nietzsche, Georg Jellinek, Georg Simmel, George Ritzer, George Stigler, German colonial empire, German Democratic Party, German Empire, German idealism, German Revolution of 1918–19, German Sociological Association, Germanisation of Poles during the Partitions, Google Books, Gottfried Haberler, Guenther Roth, Gustav Gräser, Gustav von Schmoller, György Lukács, Habilitation, Hans Morgenthau, Heidelberg University, Heinrich Rickert, Hermann Baumgarten, Hermeneutics, Heterodoxy, Hinduism, Historical materialism, Historical school of economics, Historicism, History of religion, Homo economicus, Huguenots, Humboldt University of Berlin, Ideal type, Idealism, Immanuel Kant, Individualism, Inductive reasoning, Industrial Revolution, Industrialisation, Information and communications technology, Insomnia, Instrumental and value-rational action, Interpretations of Weber's liberalism, Iron cage, Islam, Italian city-states, Jürgen Habermas, Joachim Radkau, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Joseph Schumpeter, Journal of Economic Literature, Judaism, Junker (Prussia), Kantian ethics, Karl Jaspers, Karl Liebknecht, Karl Marx, Karl Polanyi, Kingdom of Prussia, Labor theory of value, Leo Strauss, Levin Goldschmidt, Liberty Fund, Life chances, Lionel Robbins, List of works published posthumously, Louisiana Purchase Exposition, Ludwig Lachmann, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Ludwig von Mises, Macroeconomics, Magic (supernatural), Mainstream economics, Marginalism, Marianne Weber, Market economy, Marxism, Materialism, Max Horkheimer, Max Weber bibliography, Max Weber Sr., Messiah, Methodenstreit, Methodological individualism, Microeconomics, Middle Ages, Milan, Modernity, Monopoly on violence, Monotheism, Monte Verità, Munich, Mysticism, Nation state, National Liberal Party (Germany), Natural science, Nazism, Near East, Neo-Kantianism, Neoclassical economics, Objectivity (philosophy), Occult, Official, Ordo Templi Orientis, Orient, Originality, Orthodoxy, Ostflucht, Otto Neurath, Pan-German League, Pantheism, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Patriarch, Patriarchy, Patrimonialism, PDF, Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, Pneumonia, Political economy, Political science of religion, Political sociology, Politics as a Vocation, Polytheism, Positivism, Predestination, Price, Priest, Privatdozent, Professionalization, Progress Publishers, Prophecy, Prophet, Protestant work ethic, Protestantism, Province of Saxony, Prussia, Psalms, Psychology, Psychophysics, Public administration, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Rational-legal authority, Rationalism, Rationalization (sociology), Raymond Aron, Referendary, Reformation, Religion in China, Religiosity, Religious calling, Religious denomination, Renting, Robert Michels, Roman Agrarian History and its Significance for Public and Private Law, Rosa Luxemburg, Saint, Salvation, Schlieffen Plan, Science as a Vocation, Scientific law, Secularization, Sermon on the Mount, Social actions, Social behavior, Social Darwinism, Social democracy, Social innovation, Social philosophy, Social policy, Social research, Social science, Social status, Social stratification, Social theory, Sociocultural evolution, Sociology, Sociology of law, Sociology of religion, Soul, Spanish flu, Spartacus League, Speeches of Max Weber, St. Louis, State (polity), Stefan George, Structure and agency, Subjectivism, Subjectivity, Sublime (philosophy), Suffrage, Talcott Parsons, Talmud, Taoism, Tübingen, Teleology, The City (book), The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism, The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism, Theodor W. Adorno, Theory of imputation, Theory of value (economics), Thesis, Three-component theory of stratification, Tradition, Traditional authority, Treaty of Versailles, Tripartite classification of authority, Universal suffrage, University of Freiburg, University of Vienna, Unrestricted submarine warfare, Verein für Socialpolitik, Verstehen, Weber and German politics, Weber–Fechner law, Weimar Constitution, Weimar Republic, Werner Sombart, Werturteilsstreit, Western culture, Western world, Wilhelm Dilthey, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, William Petersen, Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Wolfgang Mommsen, Workers' council, World War I, World's fair, Zur Geschichte der Handelsgesellschaften im Mittelalter. Expand index (256 more) » « Shrink index
Academic fencing (German akademisches Fechten) or Mensur is the traditional kind of fencing practiced by some student corporations (Studentenverbindungen) in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Latvia, Estonia, and, to a minor extent, in Flanders, Lithuania, and Poland.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
An affectional action (also known as an affectual, emotional, or affective action) is one of four major types of social action, as defined by Max Weber.
Alfred Weber (30 July 1868 – 2 May 1958) was a German economist, geographer, sociologist and theoretician of culture whose work was influential in the development of modern economic geography.
Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that became dominant in the Western world at the beginning of the 20th century.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Ancient Judaism (Das antike Judentum), is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist, in early the 20th century.
In book publishing, an anthology is a collection of literary works chosen by the compiler.
In social science, antipositivism (also interpretivism and negativism) proposes that the social realm cannot be studied with the scientific method of investigation applied to the natural world; investigation of the social realm requires a different epistemology.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik (English: Archives for Social Science and Social Welfare) was an academic journal for the social sciences in Germany between 1888 and 1933.
Article 48 of the constitution of the Weimar Republic of Germany (1919–1933) allowed the President, under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag.
The Aryan race was a racial grouping used in the period of the late 19th century and mid-20th century to describe people of European and Western Asian heritage.
Asceticism (from the ἄσκησις áskesis, "exercise, training") is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, often for the purpose of pursuing spiritual goals.
August Meitzen (born 16 December 1822, in Breslau; died 19 January 1910, in Berlin) was a German statistician.
Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte (19 January 1798 – 5 September 1857) was a French philosopher who founded the discipline of praxeology and the doctrine of positivism.
The Austrian School is a school of economic thought that is based on methodological individualism—the concept that social phenomena result from the motivations and actions of individuals.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
David Émile Durkheim (or; April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist.
A bar association is a professional association of lawyers.
In Marxist theory, human society consists of two parts: the base (or substructure) and superstructure.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory.
The Book of Job (Hebrew: אִיוֹב Iyov) is a book in the Ketuvim ("Writings") section of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh), and the first poetic book in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
The British Journal of Sociology is a peer-reviewed academic journal that was established in 1950 at the London School of Economics.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
Charles Wright Mills (August 28, 1916 – March 20, 1962) was an American sociologist, and a professor of sociology at Columbia University from 1946 until his death in 1962.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
A capital good is a durable good (one that does not quickly wear out) that is used in the production of goods or services.
Carl Menger (February 23, 1840 – February 26, 1921) was an Austrian economist and the founder of the Austrian School of economics.
Carl Schmitt (11 July 1888 – 7 April 1985) was a conservative German jurist and political theorist.
The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.
Charismatic authority is a concept about leadership that was developed in 1922 (he died in 1920) by the German sociologist Max Weber.
The Chicago school of economics is a neoclassical school of economic thought associated with the work of the faculty at the University of Chicago, some of whom have constructed and popularized its principles.
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought", which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments.
Comparative history is the comparison of different societies which existed during the same time period or shared similar cultural conditions.
Condition of Farm Labour in Eastern Germany (in German: Die Verhältnisse der Landarbeiter im ostelbischen Deutschland) is a book written by Maximilian Weber, a German economist and sociologist, in 1892.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Cornelius Castoriadis (Κορνήλιος Καστοριάδης; 11 March 1922 – 26 December 1997) was a Greek-FrenchMemos 2014, p. 18: "he was...
Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit costs analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimate the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives (for example in transactions, activities, functional business requirements or projects investments); it is used to determine options that provide the best approach to achieve benefits while preserving savings.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Democratization (or democratisation) is the transition to a more democratic political regime.
Dirk Kaesler (born in Wiesbaden on 19 October 1944 as Dirk Käsler) is a German sociologist and Max Weber expert.
In social science, disenchantment (Entzauberung) is the cultural rationalization and devaluation of mysticism apparent in modern society.
Dispersed knowledge in economics is the notion that no single agent has information as to all of the factors which influence prices and production throughout the system.
Double-entry bookkeeping, in accounting, is a system of bookkeeping so named because every entry to an account requires a corresponding and opposite entry to a different account.
A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- "bad" and τόπος "place"; alternatively, cacotopia,Cacotopia (from κακός kakos "bad") was the term used by Jeremy Bentham in his 19th century works kakotopia, or simply anti-utopia) is a community or society that is undesirable or frightening.
In the study of comparative religion, the East Asian religions form a subset of the Eastern religions.
The economic calculation problem is a criticism of using economic planning as a substitute for market-based allocation of the factors of production.
Economic history is the study of economies or economic phenomena of the past.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Economic sociology is the study of the social cause and effect of various economic phenomena.
An economic system is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods and services within a society or a given geographic area.
Economy and Society is a book by political economist and sociologist Max Weber, published posthumously in Germany in 1922 by his wife Marianne.
Editorial URSS is a Russian scientific literature publishing house (textbooks, monographs, journals, proceedings of Russian institutes and universities, etc.). Since 1995, Editorial URSS has issued more than 9000 items in Russian, Spanish, and English.
In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.
Ernst Peter Wilhelm Troeltsch (17 February 1865, Haunstetten – 1 February 1923, Berlin) was a German Protestant theologian and writer on philosophy of religion and philosophy of history, and an influential figure in German thought before 1914, including as a member of the history of religions school.
Ethical monotheism is a form of exclusive monotheism in which God is the source for one standard of morality, who guides humanity through ethical principles.
Ethics is an academic journal established in 1890 as the International Journal of Ethics, renamed in 1938, and published since 1923 by the University of Chicago Press.
The Evangelical Social Congress (Evangelisch-Sozialer Kongress, ESK) was a social-reform movement of German evangelists founded in Whitsuntide in 1890.
Every person has his/her own family.mother reproduces with husband for children.In the context of human society, a family (from familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family" from Latin familia 'family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household,' thus also 'members of a household, the estate, property; the household, including relatives and servants,' abstract noun formed from famulus 'servant, slave ') or some combination of these.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.
Frank Hyneman Knight (November 7, 1885 – April 15, 1972) was an American economist who spent most of his career at the University of Chicago, where he became one of the founders of the Chicago school.
The Frankfurt School (Frankfurter Schule) is a school of social theory and philosophy associated in part with the Institute for Social Research at the Goethe University Frankfurt.
Freiburg im Breisgau (Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, with a population of about 220,000.
Friedrich Ebert (4 February 1871 28 February 1925) was a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.
Friedrich August von Hayek (8 May 189923 March 1992), often referred to by his initials F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian-British economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Georg Jellinek (16 June 1851 – 12 January 1911) was a German public lawyer, considered of Austrian origin.
Georg Simmel (1 March 1858 – 28 September 1918) was a German sociologist, philosopher, and critic.
George Ritzer (born October 14, 1940) is an American sociologist, professor, and author who studies globalization, metatheory, patterns of consumption, and modern and postmodern social theory.
George Joseph Stigler (January 17, 1911 – December 1, 1991) was an American economist, the 1982 laureate in Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and a key leader of the Chicago School of Economics.
The German colonial empire (Deutsches Kolonialreich) constituted the overseas colonies, dependencies and territories of Imperial Germany.
The German Democratic Party (Deutsche Demokratische Partei, DDP) was founded in November, 1918, by leaders of the former Progressive People's Party (Fortschrittliche Volkspartei), left members of the National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei), and a new group calling themselves the Democrats.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German idealism (also known as post-Kantian idealism, post-Kantian philosophy, or simply post-Kantianism) was a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The German Revolution or November Revolution (Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.
The German Sociological Association (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie, DGS) organizes social scientists in Germany.
After partitioning Poland in the end of 18th century, the Kingdom of Prussia and later German Empire imposed a number of Germanisation policies and measures in the newly gained territories, aimed at limiting the Polish ethnic presence in these areas.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Gottfried von Haberler (July 20, 1900 – May 6, 1995) was an Austrian-American economist.
Guenther Roth (German spelling Günther Roth, born 12 January 1931 in Wolfskehlen near Darmstadt, Germany) is a German-American sociologist.
Gustav "Gusto" Arthur Gräser (16 February 1879 – 27 October 1958) was a German alternative lifestyle advocate, artist, and poet.
Gustav von Schmoller (24 June 1838 – 27 June 1917) was the leader of the "younger" German historical school of economics.
György Lukács (also Georg Lukács; born György Bernát Löwinger; 13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, aesthetician, literary historian, and critic.
Habilitation defines the qualification to conduct self-contained university teaching and is the key for access to a professorship in many European countries.
Hans Joachim Morgenthau (February 17, 1904 – July 19, 1980) was one of the major twentieth-century figures in the study of international politics.
Heidelberg University (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg; Universitas Ruperto Carola Heidelbergensis) is a public research university in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Heinrich John Rickert (25 May 1863 – 25 July 1936) was a German philosopher, one of the leading Neo-Kantians.
Hermann Baumgarten (28 April 1825 in Wolfenbüttel, Duchy of Brunswick – 19 June 1893) was a German historian and a political publicist whose work had a major impact on liberalism during the unification of Germany.
Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.
Heterodoxy in a religious sense means "any opinions or doctrines at variance with an official or orthodox position".
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Historical materialism is the methodological approach of Marxist historiography that focuses on human societies and their development over time, claiming that they follow a number of observable tendencies.
The historical school of economics was an approach to academic economics and to public administration that emerged in the 19th century in Germany, and held sway there until well into the 20th century.
Historicism is the idea of attributing meaningful significance to space and time, such as historical period, geographical place, and local culture.
The history of religion refers to the written record of human religious experiences and ideas.
The term homo economicus, or economic man, is a caricature of economic theory framed as a "mythical species" or word play on homo sapiens, and used in pedagogy.
Huguenots (Les huguenots) are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants who follow the Reformed tradition.
The Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin), is a university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.
Ideal type (Idealtypus), also known as pure type, is a typological term most closely associated with sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).
In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.
Instrumental and value-rational action are modern labels for an ancient belief that humans can act rationally in two separate ways.
There are varying interpretations of Max Weber's liberalism due to his well-known sociological achievements.
In sociology, the iron cage is a term coined by Max Weber for the increased rationalization inherent in social life, particularly in Western capitalist societies.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
The Italian city-states were a political phenomenon of small independent states mostly in the central and northern Italian peninsula between the 9th and the 15th centuries.
Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.
Joachim Radkau (born October 4, 1943) is a German historian.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Joseph Alois Schumpeter (8 February 1883 – 8 January 1950) was an Austrian political economist.
The Journal of Economic Literature is a peer-reviewed academic journal, published by the American Economic Association, that surveys the academic literature in economics.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The Junkers were members of the landed nobility in Prussia.
Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant.
Karl Theodor Jaspers (23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry, and philosophy.
Karl Liebknecht (13 August 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Karl Paul Polanyi (Polányi Károly; October 25, 1886 – April 23, 1964) was an Austro-Hungarian economic historian, economic anthropologist, economic sociologist, political economist, historical sociologist and social philosopher.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The labor theory of value (LTV) is a theory of value that argues that the economic value of a good or service is determined by the total amount of "socially necessary labor" required to produce it, rather than by the use or pleasure its owner gets from it (demand) and its scarcity value (supply).
Leo Strauss (September 20, 1899 – October 18, 1973) was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy.
Levin Goldschmidt (17 May 1828 – 16 July 1897) was a German jurist.
Liberty Fund, Inc. is a nonprofit foundation headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana which promulgates the libertarian views of its founder, Pierre F. Goodrich through publishing, conferences, and educational resources.
Life chances (Lebenschancen in German) is a social science theory of the opportunities each individual has to improve their quality of life.
Lionel Charles Robbins, Baron Robbins, (22 November 1898 – 15 May 1984) was a British economist, and prominent member of the economics department at the London School of Economics.
The following is a list of works that were published or distributed posthumously.
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.
Ludwig Maurits Lachmann (1 February 1906 – 17 December 1990) was a German economist who became a member of and important contributor to the Austrian School of economics.
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich, in German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.
Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (29 September 1881 – 10 October 1973) was an Austrian-American theoretical Austrian School economist.
Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole.
Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.
Mainstream economics may be used to describe the body of knowledge, theories, and models of economics, as taught across universities, that are generally accepted by economists as a basis for discussion.
Marginalism is a theory of economics that attempts to explain the discrepancy in the value of goods and services by reference to their secondary, or marginal, utility.
Marianne Weber (born Marianne Schnitger, 2 August 1870 – 12 March 1954) was a German sociologist, women's rights activist and the wife of Max Weber.
A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental aspects and consciousness, are results of material interactions.
Max Horkheimer (February 14, 1895 – July 7, 1973) was a German philosopher and sociologist who was famous for his work in critical theory as a member of the 'Frankfurt School' of social research.
This is a chronological list of works by Max Weber.
Max Weber (May 31, 1836 – August 10, 1897) was a German lawyer, municipal official and National Liberal politician.
In Abrahamic religions, the messiah or messias is a saviour or liberator of a group of people.
Methodenstreit (German for "method dispute"), in intellectual history beyond German-language discourse, was an economics controversy commenced in the 1880s and persisting for more than a decade, between that field's Austrian School and the (German) Historical School.
Methodological individualism is the requirement that causal accounts of social phenomena explain how they result from the motivations and actions of individual agents, at least in principle.
Microeconomics (from Greek prefix mikro- meaning "small") is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals and firms in making decisions regarding the allocation of scarce resources and the interactions among these individuals and firms.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".
The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, also known as the monopoly on violence (Gewaltmonopol des Staates), is a core concept of modern public law, which goes back to Jean Bodin's 1576 work Les Six livres de la République and Thomas Hobbes' 1651 book Leviathan.
Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
Monte Verità (literally Hill of Truth) is a hill (high) in Ascona (Swiss canton of Ticino), which has served as the site of many different Utopian and cultural events and communities since the beginning of the twentieth century, having started out as a popular destination for Wandervogel hikers during the Lebensreform period.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
A nation state (or nation-state), in the most specific sense, is a country where a distinct cultural or ethnic group (a "nation" or "people") inhabits a territory and have formed a state (often a sovereign state) that they predominantly govern.
The National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei, NLP) was a liberal political party of the North German Confederation and the German Empire, which flourished between 1867 and 1918.
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
Neo-Kantianism (Neukantianismus) is a revival of the 18th century philosophy of Immanuel Kant.
Neoclassical economics is an approach to economics focusing on the determination of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand.
Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.
The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either their own or that of their superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.
The Orient is the East, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the Eastern world, in relation to Europe.
Originality is the aspect of created or invented works as being new or novel, and thus distinguishable from reproductions, clones, forgeries, or derivative works.
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
The Ostflucht (flight from the East) was the migration of Germans, in the later 19th century and early 20th century, from areas which were then eastern parts of Germany to more industrialized regions in central and western Germany.
Otto Neurath (December 10, 1882 – December 22, 1945) was an Austrian philosopher, philosopher of science, sociologist, and political economist.
The Pan-German League (Alldeutscher Verband) was a Pan-German nationalist organization which officially founded in 1891, a year after the Zanzibar Treaty was signed.
Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity, or that all-things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
The highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Catholic Church (above major archbishop and primate), and the Church of the East are termed patriarchs (and in certain cases also popes).
Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property.
Patrimonialism is a form of governance in which all power flows directly from the leader.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Friedrich Nietzsche developed his philosophy during the late 19th century.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth.
The political science of religion (also referred to as politicology of religion or politology of religion) is one of the youngest disciplines in the political sciences that deals with a study of influence that religion has on politics and vice versa with a focus on the relationship between the subjects (actors) in politics in the narrow sense: government, political parties, pressure groups, and religious communities.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
"Politics as a Vocation" (Politik als Beruf) is an essay by German economist and sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).
Polytheism (from Greek πολυθεϊσμός, polytheismos) is the worship of or belief in multiple deities, which are usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses, along with their own religions and rituals.
Positivism is a philosophical theory stating that certain ("positive") knowledge is based on natural phenomena and their properties and relations.
Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul.
In ordinary usage, a price is the quantity of payment or compensation given by one party to another in return for one unit of goods or services.
A priest or priestess (feminine) is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.
Privatdozent (for men) or Privatdozentin (for women), abbreviated PD, P.D. or Priv.-Doz., is an academic title conferred at some European universities, especially in German-speaking countries, to someone who holds certain formal qualifications that denote an ability to teach (venia legendi) a designated subject at university level.
Professionalization is a social process by which any trade or occupation transforms itself into a true "profession of the highest integrity and competence." The definition of what constitutes a profession is often contested.
Progress Publishers was a Moscow-based Soviet publisher founded in 1931.
A prophecy is a message that is claimed by a prophet to have been communicated to them by a god.
In religion, a prophet is an individual regarded as being in contact with a divine being and said to speak on that entity's behalf, serving as an intermediary with humanity by delivering messages or teachings from the supernatural source to other people.
The Protestant work ethic, the Calvinist work ethic or the Puritan work ethic is a concept in theology, sociology, economics and history which emphasizes that hard work, discipline and frugality are a result of a person's subscription to the values espoused by the Protestant faith, particularly Calvinism.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Province of Saxony (Provinz Sachsen), also known as Prussian Saxony (Preußische Sachsen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia from 1816 until 1945.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Psychophysics quantitatively investigates the relationship between physical stimuli and the sensations and perceptions they produce.
Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
The Quarterly Journal of Economics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Oxford University Press.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination, or bureaucratic authority) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy.
In philosophy, rationalism is the epistemological view that "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge" or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification".
In sociology, rationalization or rationalisation refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behavior in society with concepts based on rationality and reason.
Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist. He is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people – Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals.
Referendary is a number of administrative positions, of various rank, in chanceries and other official organisations in Europe.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
China has long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world.
Religiosity is difficult to define, but different scholars have seen this concept as broadly about religious orientations and involvement.
A calling, in the religious sense of the word, is a religious vocation (which comes from the Latin for "call") that may be professional or voluntary and, idiosyncratic to different religions, may come from another person, from a divine messenger, or from within oneself.
A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
Renting, also known as hiring or letting, is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another.
Robert Michels (9 January 1876 in Cologne, Germany – 3 May 1936 in Rome, Italy) was a German-born Italian sociologist who wrote on the political behavior of intellectual elites and contributed to elite theory.
Roman Agrarian History and its Significance for Public and Private Law (original German: Die römische Agrargeschichte in ihrer Bedeutung für das Staats- und Privatrecht) was the habilitation thesis, in law at the University of Berlin in 1891, of Max Weber, who went on to become a renowned sociologist.
Rosa Luxemburg (Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia Luxenburg; 5 March 1871 – 15 January 1919) was a Polish Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist, anti-war activist, and revolutionary socialist who became a naturalized German citizen at the age of 28.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Salvation (salvatio; sōtēría; yāšaʕ; al-ḵalaṣ) is being saved or protected from harm or being saved or delivered from a dire situation.
The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.
Science as a Vocation (German: Wissenschaft als Beruf) is the text of a lecture given in 1917 at Munich University by German sociologist and political economist Max Weber.
A scientific law is a statement based on repeated experimental observations that describes some aspect of the universe.
Secularization (or secularisation) is the transformation of a society from close identification and affiliation with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious values and secular institutions.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
In sociology, social action, also known as "Weberian social action", refers to an act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individuals (or 'agents').
Social behavior is behavior among two or more organisms, typically from the same species.
The term Social Darwinism is used to refer to various ways of thinking and theories that emerged in the second half of the 19th century and tried to apply the evolutionary concept of natural selection to human society.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
Social innovations are new strategies, concepts, ideas and organizations that aim to meet social needs resulting from working conditions, education, community development, and health.
Social philosophy is the study of questions about social behavior and interpretations of society and social institutions in terms of ethical values rather than empirical relations.
Social policy is a term which is applied to various areas of policy, usually within a governmental or political setting (such as the welfare state and study of social services).
Social research is a research conducted by social scientists following a systematic plan.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social status is the relative respect, competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
Sociocultural evolution, sociocultural evolutionism or cultural evolution are theories of cultural and social evolution that describe how cultures and societies change over time.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
The sociology of law (or legal sociology) is often described as a sub-discipline of sociology or an interdisciplinary approach within legal studies.
Sociology of religion is the study of the beliefs, practices and organizational forms of religion using the tools and methods of the discipline of sociology.
In many religious, philosophical, and mythological traditions, there is a belief in the incorporeal essence of a living being called the soul. Soul or psyche (Greek: "psychē", of "psychein", "to breathe") are the mental abilities of a living being: reason, character, feeling, consciousness, memory, perception, thinking, etc.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The Spartacus League (Spartakusbund) was a Marxist revolutionary movement organized in Germany during World War I. The League was named after Spartacus, leader of the largest slave rebellion of the Roman Republic.
Max Weber influenced on German society and politics in the late 1910s.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
Stefan Anton George (12 July 18684 December 1933) was a German symbolist poet and a translator of Dante Alighieri, William Shakespeare, and Charles Baudelaire.
In the social sciences there is a standing debate over the primacy of structure or agency in shaping human behaviour.
Subjectivism is the doctrine that "our own mental activity is the only unquestionable fact of our experience.", instead of shared or communal, and that there is no external or objective truth.
Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
In aesthetics, the sublime (from the Latin sublīmis) is the quality of greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual, metaphysical, aesthetic, spiritual, or artistic.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
Talcott Parsons (December 13, 1902 – May 8, 1979) was an American sociologist of the classical tradition, best known for his social action theory and structural functionalism.
The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Tübingen is a traditional university town in central Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Teleology or finality is a reason or explanation for something in function of its end, purpose, or goal.
The City is a book by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.
The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity: Twelve Lectures (Der Philosophische Diskurs der Moderne: Zwölf Vorlesungen) is a 1985 book by Jürgen Habermas, in which the author reconstructs and deals in depth with a number of philosophical approaches to the critique of modern reason and the Enlightenment "project" since Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Nietzsche, including the work of 20th century philosophers Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Cornelius Castoriadis and Niklas Luhmann.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus) is a book written by Max Weber, a German sociologist, economist, and politician.
The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.
The Religion of India: The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism is a book on the sociology of religion written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist of the early twentieth century.
Theodor W. Adorno (born Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund; September 11, 1903 – August 6, 1969) was a German philosopher, sociologist, and composer known for his critical theory of society.
The theory of imputation is based on the so-called theory of factors of production proposed by the French economist Jean-Baptiste Say and elaborated by the American economist John Bates Clark in his work The Distribution of Wealth (1899; Russian translation, 1934).
"Theory of value" is a generic term which encompasses all the theories within economics that attempt to explain the exchange value or price of goods and services.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
The three-component theory of stratification, more widely known as Weberian stratification or the three class system, was developed by German sociologist Max Weber with class, status and power as distinct ideal types.
A tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past.
Traditional authority (also known as traditional domination) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to tradition or custom.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Max Weber distinguished three ideal types of legitimate political leadership, domination and authority.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of Freiburg (colloquially Uni Freiburg), officially the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg), is a public research university located in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The University of Vienna (Universität Wien) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria.
Unrestricted submarine warfare is a type of naval warfare in which submarines sink vessels such as freighters and tankers without warning, as opposed to attacks per prize rules (also known as "cruiser rules").
The Verein für Socialpolitik (German Economic Association) is an important society of economists in the German-speaking area.
Verstehen (literally: "to understand") in the context of German philosophy and social sciences in general, has been used since the late 19th century – in English as in German – with the particular sense of the "interpretive or participatory" examination of social phenomena.
This article is about the political views and activities of the German sociologist Max Weber.
The Weber–Fechner law refers to two related laws in the field of psychophysics, known as Weber's law and Fechner's law.
The Constitution of the German Reich (Die Verfassung des Deutschen Reichs), usually known as the Weimar Constitution (Weimarer Verfassung) was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic era (1919–1933).
The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.
Werner Sombart (19 January 1863 – 18 May 1941) was a German economist and sociologist, the head of the “Youngest Historical School” and one of the leading Continental European social scientists during the first quarter of the 20th century.
The Werturteilsstreit (German for "value judgment dispute") is a Methodenstreit, a quarrel in German sociology and economics around the question whether the social sciences are a normative obligatory statement in politics and its measures applied in political actions, and whether their measures can be justified scientifically.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Wilhelm Dilthey (19 November 1833 – 1 October 1911) was a German historian, psychologist, sociologist, and hermeneutic philosopher, who held G. W. F. Hegel's Chair in Philosophy at the University of Berlin.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
William Louis Petersen (born February 21, 1953) is an American actor and producer.
Max Weber's Wirtschaftsgeschichte (General Economic History in English) (1923) is a book of economic theory which was composed by his students from lecture notes and released three years after his death in 1920.
Wolfgang Justin Mommsen (November 5, 1930 – August 11, 2004) was a German historian.
A workers' council is a form of political and economic organization in which a single local administrative division, such as a municipality or a county, is governed by a council made up of temporary and instantly revocable delegates elected in the region's workplaces.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.
Zur Geschichte der Handelgesellschaften im Mittelalter is a doctoral dissertation written in 1889 by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist.
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