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Maxim Gorky

Index Maxim Gorky

Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; – 18 June 1936), primarily known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky (Макси́м Го́рький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. [1]

111 relations: Adirondack Mountains, Alexander Bogdanov, Anatole France, Anatoly Lunacharsky, Angelique Rockas, Anton Chekhov, Auguste Rodin, BBC Russian Service, Bertolt Brecht, Bloody Sunday (1905), Bolsheviks, Capri, Cheka, Children of the Sun (play), Cholera, Dacha, Denis Diderot, Dotted I (Cyrillic), Enemies (play), Feodor Chaliapin, FK Sloboda Tuzla, Former people, G. K. Chesterton, Genrikh Yagoda, Giacomo Orefice, God-Building, Goethe's Faust, Gorky Park (Moscow), Hamid Olimjon, Hillel the Elder, Intelligentsia, Internationalist Theatre, Ioasaf Tikhomirov, Ivan Narodny, Joseph Stalin, Keith Fowler, Kingdom of Italy, Kliment Voroshilov, Konstantin Stanislavski, Kuusankoski, Leo Tolstoy, Manhattan Theatre Club, Maria Fyodorovna Andreyeva, Marie Curie, Mark Donskoy, Marxism, Marxists Internet Archive, Matvei Golovinski, Maxim Gorky Literature Institute, Modernism, ..., Monarchism, Morning Star (British newspaper), Moscow Art Theatre, Moscow Oblast, Moscow Trials, Mother (Gorky novel), Moura Budberg, My Childhood (Gorky book), Nicholas II of Russia, Nikolai Bukharin, Nikolay Gumilyov, Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate, NKVD, Nobel Prize in Literature, Non-Aristotelian drama, Novaya Zhizn (Mensheviks), Novella, Okhrana, Order of Lenin, Park of Maxim Gorky, Pavel Ryabushinsky, Peter and Paul Fortress, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Romanov Tercentenary, Russian Empire, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, Saint Petersburg, Savva Morozov, Sergey Kirov, Sergey Nechayev, Social democracy, Socialist realism, Sorrento, Soviet Union, Stalinism, Summerfolk, Tbilisi, The I.V. Stalin White Sea – Baltic Sea Canal, The Life of a Useless Man, The Lower Depths, The Mother (Brecht play), The Philistines, The Song of the Stormy Petrel, Tsarist autocracy, Tuberculosis, Tupolev ANT-20, Twenty-six Men and a Girl, Valery Zhelobinsky, Vassa Zheleznova (play), Vladimir Bazarov, Vladimir Korolenko, Vladimir Lenin, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Vpered, Vyacheslav Molotov, White Sea–Baltic Canal, World War I, Yegor Bulychov and Others, Znanie (publishing company), 1905 Russian Revolution. Expand index (61 more) »

Adirondack Mountains

The Adirondack Mountains form a massif in northeastern New York, United States.

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Alexander Bogdanov

Alexander Aleksandrovich Bogdanov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Богда́нов; born Alyaksandr Malinovsky, Алякса́ндр Алякса́ндравіч Маліно́ўскі) (– 7 April 1928) was a Russian and Soviet physician, philosopher, science fiction writer, and revolutionary of Belarusian ethnicity.

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Anatole France

italic (born italic,; 16 April 1844 – 12 October 1924) was a French poet, journalist, and successful novelist with several best-sellers.

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Anatoly Lunacharsky

Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, – 26 December 1933) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Bolshevik Soviet People's Commissar ("Narkompros"), responsible for Ministry and Education, as well as active playwright, critic, essayist, and journalist throughout his career.

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Angelique Rockas

Angelique Rockas is a South African-Greek, London-based actress who with her company Internationalist Theatre (initially called New Internationalist Theatre) "asserted " the performance of multi-racial and multi-national theatre productions in the London of the 1980s; this was first announced on 9 April 1981 on the Theatre News page (2) by the editor of The Stage, describing the company's formation "to assert a multi-racial drama policy", with their performance of the revival of The Balcony by Jean Genet.

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Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.

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Auguste Rodin

François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.

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BBC Russian Service

The BBC Russian Service (Ру́сская слу́жба Би-би-си́) is part of the BBC World Service's foreign language output, one of nearly 40 languages it provides.

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Bertolt Brecht

Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.

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Bloody Sunday (1905)

Bloody Sunday or Red Sunday (p) is the name given to the events of Sunday, in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators led by Father Georgy Gapon were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

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The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

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Capri (usually pronounced by English speakers) is an island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region of Italy.

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All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (Всероссийская Чрезвычайная Комиссия), abbreviated as VChK (ВЧК, Ve-Che-Ka) and commonly known as Cheka, (from the initialism ChK) was the first of a succession of Soviet secret police organizations.

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Children of the Sun (play)

Children of the Sun (Дети солнца, Deti solntsa/Deti solnca) is a 1905 play by Maxim Gorky, written while he was briefly imprisoned in Saint Petersburg's Peter and Paul Fortress during the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905.

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Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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A dacha (a) is a seasonal or year-round second home, often located in the exurbs of Russian and other post-Soviet cities.

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Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot (5 October 171331 July 1784) was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

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Dotted I (Cyrillic)

The dotted i (І і; italics: І і&#x202f), also called decimal i (и десятеричное), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

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Enemies (play)

Enemies (Враги) is a 1906 Russian-language play by Maxim Gorky.

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Feodor Chaliapin

Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin (ˈfʲɵdər ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ ʂɐˈlʲapʲɪn; April 12, 1938) was a Russian opera singer.

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FK Sloboda Tuzla

Fudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla (Football Club Sloboda Tuzla) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Former people

In Russian language and culture, "former people" (Бывшие люди) are people who lost their social status, an expression somewhat similar to the English one, "has-beens".

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G. K. Chesterton

Gilbert Keith Chesterton, KC*SG (29 May 1874 – 14 June 1936), was an English writer, poet, philosopher, dramatist, journalist, orator, lay theologian, biographer, and literary and art critic.

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Genrikh Yagoda

Genrikh Grigoryevich Yagoda (7 November 1891 – 15 March 1938), born Yenokh Gershevich Iyeguda was a secret police official who served as director of the NKVD, the Soviet Union's security and intelligence agency, from 1934 to 1936.

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Giacomo Orefice

Giacomo Orefice (27 August 1865 – 22 December 1922) was an Italian composer.

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God-Building, an idea proposed by some prominent early Marxists of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, proved very controversial.

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Goethe's Faust

Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, usually known in English as Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two.

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Gorky Park (Moscow)

Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure (p) is a central park in Moscow, named after Maxim Gorky.

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Hamid Olimjon

Hamid Olimjon (sometimes spelled Hamid Alimjan in English) (Ҳамид Олимжон; Hamid Olimjon; Хамид Алимджан; Khamid Alimdzhan) (12 December 1909 – 3 July 1944) was an Uzbek poet, playwright, scholar, and literary translator of the Soviet period.

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Hillel the Elder

Hillel (הלל; variously called Hillel HaGadol, or Hillel HaZaken, Hillel HaBavli or HaBavli,. was born according to tradition in Babylon c. 110 BCE, died 10 CE in Jerusalem) was a Jewish religious leader, one of the most important figures in Jewish history.

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The intelligentsia (/ɪnˌtelɪˈdʒentsiə/) (intelligentia, inteligencja, p) is a status class of educated people engaged in the complex mental labours that critique, guide, and lead in shaping the culture and politics of their society.

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Internationalist Theatre

Internationalist Theatre is a London theatre company founded by South African Greek actress Angelique Rockas in April 1981 to pioneer the performance of classical drama and contemporary plays with multi-racial and multi-national casts.

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Ioasaf Tikhomirov

Ioasaf Aleksandrovich Tikhomirov (1872-1908) was a Russian actor.

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Ivan Narodny

Ivan Ivanovich Narodny (Иван Иванович Нородны) (1870–1953) was a Russian émigré who came to New York City in 1906 with Maxim Gorky to raise the profile of the Revolutionary Movement in Russia.

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.

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Keith Fowler

Keith Franklin Fowler (born February 23, 1939) is an American actor, director, producer, and educator.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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Kliment Voroshilov

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Kliment Jefremovič Vorošilov; Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Okhrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881 – 2 December 1969), was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era.

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Konstantin Stanislavski

Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.

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Kuusankoski is a neighborhood of city of Kouvola, former industrial town and municipality of Finland, located in the region of Kymenlaakso in the province of Southern Finland.

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Leo Tolstoy

Count Lyov (also Lev) Nikolayevich Tolstoy (also Лев) Николаевич ТолстойIn Tolstoy's day, his name was written Левъ Николаевичъ Толстой.

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Manhattan Theatre Club

Manhattan Theatre Club (MTC) is a theatre company located in New York City, affiliated with the League of Resident Theatres.

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Maria Fyodorovna Andreyeva

Maria Fyodorovna Andreyeva (Мари́я Фёдоровна Андре́ева, Mariya Fyodorovna Andreyeva) was the stage name of Maria Fyodorovna Yurkovskaya (Мари́я Фёдоровна Юрко́вская) (July 4, 1868 – December 8, 1953), a Russian/Soviet actress and Bolshevik administrator.

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Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (born Maria Salomea Skłodowska; 7 November 18674 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity.

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Mark Donskoy

Mark Semyonovich Donskoy (Марк Семёнович Донско́й; – 21 March 1981) was a Soviet film director.

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Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Marxists Internet Archive

Marxists Internet Archive (also known as MIA or Marxists.org) is a non-profit website that hosts a multilingual library (created in 1990) of the works of Marxist, communist, socialist, and anarchist writers, such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Che Guevara, Mikhail Bakunin, and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, as well as that of writers of related ideologies, and even unrelated ones (for instance, Sun Tzu and Adam Smith).

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Matvei Golovinski

Matvei Vasilyevich Golovinski (alternatively Mathieu) (Матвей Васильевич Головинский) (6 March 1865–1920) was a Russian-French writer, journalist and political activist.

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Maxim Gorky Literature Institute

The Maxim Gorky Literature Institute (Литературный институт им.) is an institution of higher education in Moscow.

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Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Monarchism is the advocacy of a monarch or monarchical rule.

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Morning Star (British newspaper)

Morning Star is a left-wing British daily tabloid newspaper with a focus on social, political and trade union issues.

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Moscow Art Theatre

The Moscow Art Theatre (or MAT; Московский Художественный академический театр (МХАТ), Moskovskiy Hudojestvenny Akademicheskiy Teatr (МHАТ)) is a theatre company in Moscow.

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Moscow Oblast

Moscow Oblast (p), or Podmoskovye (p, literally "around/near Moscow"), is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).

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Moscow Trials

The Moscow Trials were a series of trials held in the Soviet Union at the instigation of Joseph Stalin between 1936 and 1938 against so-called Trotskyists and members of Right Opposition of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

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Mother (Gorky novel)

Mother (Russian: Мать) is a novel written by Maxim Gorky in 1906 about revolutionary factory workers.

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Moura Budberg

Maria Ignatievna Budberg (Мария (Мура) Игнатьевна Закревская-Бенкендорф-Будберг, Maria (Moura) Ignatievna Zakrevskaya-Benckendorff-Budberg), also known variously as Countess Benckendorff, Baroness Budberg (c. 1891 – November 1974), born in Poltava, was the daughter of Ignaty Platonovitch Zakrevsky (1841–1905), a Russian nobleman and diplomat.

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My Childhood (Gorky book)

My Childhood, Autobiography Part I (translit) is an autobiographical work by Maxim Gorky, published in Russian in 1913–14, and in English in 1920.

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Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.

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Nikolai Bukharin

Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin (– 15 March 1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and prolific author on revolutionary theory.

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Nikolay Gumilyov

Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov (a; April 15 NS 1886 – August 26, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer.

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Nizhny Novgorod

Nizhny Novgorod (p), colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in Russia and the administrative center (capital) of Volga Federal District and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

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Nizhny Novgorod Governorate

Nizhny Novgorod Governorate (Нижегородская губерния, Nizhegorodskaya guberniya), was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire and the Russian SFSR, which existed from 1714 to 1929.

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The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.

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Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").

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Non-Aristotelian drama

Non-Aristotelian drama, or the 'epic form' of the drama, is a kind of play whose dramaturgical structure departs from the features of classical tragedy in favour of the features of the epic, as defined in each case by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle in his Poetics (c.335 BCE) The German modernist theatre practitioner Bertolt Brecht coined the term 'non-Aristotelian drama' to describe the dramaturgical dimensions of his own work, beginning in 1930 with a series of notes and essays entitled "On a non-aristotelian drama".

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Novaya Zhizn (Mensheviks)

Novaya Zhizn (Новая Жизнь, New Life) was a daily newspaper published by a group of Mensheviks associated with the literary magazine Letopis, including Maxim Gorky, Nikolai Sukhanov, Stroev Denitsky and A. N. Tikhonov.

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A novella is a text of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel, somewhere between 7,500 and 40,000 words.

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The Department for Protecting the Public Security and Order (Отделение по Охранению Общественной Безопасности и Порядка), usually called "guard department" (tr) and commonly abbreviated in modern sources as Okhrana (t) was a secret police force of the Russian Empire and part of the police department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in the late 19th century, aided by the Special Corps of Gendarmes.

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Order of Lenin

The Order of Lenin (Orden Lenina), named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930.

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Park of Maxim Gorky

Maxim Gorky Central Park for Culture and Recreation (Парк культури і відпочинку «Максим Горький») is a Kharkiv city park consisting of over 130 hectares of land.

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Pavel Ryabushinsky

Pavel Pavlovich Ryabushinsky (Па́вел Па́влович Рябуши́нский) (June 17, 1871, Moscow - July 19, 1924, Cambo-les-Bains), was a Russian entrepreneur and liberal politician.

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Peter and Paul Fortress

The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs from 1706 to 1740 as a star fortress.

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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

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Romanov Tercentenary

The Romanov Tercentenary was a country-wide celebration, marked in the Russian Empire from February 1913, in celebration of the ruling Romanov Dynasty.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP;, Rossiyskaya sotsial-demokraticheskaya rabochaya partiya (RSDRP)), also known as the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party or the Russian Social Democratic Party, was a revolutionary socialist political party in Minsk, Belarus.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Savva Morozov

Savva Timofeyevich Morozov (Са́вва Тимофе́евич Моро́зов,, Orekhovo-Zuevo, Bogorodsky Uyezd (Богородский уезд), Moskovskaya Guberniya (Московская губерния), Russian Empire –, Cannes, France) was a Russian textiles magnate and philanthropist. Established by Savva Vasilievich Morozov (Савва Васильевич Морозов), the Morozov family was the fifth richest in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century. Savva Timofeyevich Morozov came from an Old Believer merchant family which held the hereditary civil rank of honorary citizen (Почётные граждане). This gave him freedom from conscription, freedom from corporal punishment, and freedom from taxation (Подушный оклад). He grew up at the Morozov house at Trehsvyatitelskaya Lane 1-3c1 (Большой Трёхсвятительский переулок) on Ivanovo Hill (Ивановская горка) in the White City (Белый город), now the boulevards, of Moscow. He attended nearby gymnasium at Pokrovsky Gates. His family home was the most expensive home in Moscow and its Morozov gardens (Морозовский сад) were a favourite place of S. Aksakov, F. Dostoevsky, A. Ostrovsky, L. Tolstoy, and P. Tchaikovsky. Later, he studied physics and mathematics at Moscow University (1885) where he wrote a study on dye and met Mendeleev. Beginning on 7 January 1885, at 10 o'clock in the morning, textile workers at the Morozov factories in Bogorodsk, especially Orekhovo-Zuyevo, went on strike for several weeks. In 1885–1887, he studied chemistry at the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom). While he was in England, he studied the structure of the textile industry in Great Britain, especially Manchester. He married his second cousin's wife Zinaida Grigorievna née Zimin (Зинаида Григорьевна Зимина). They hosted lavish parties and balls that many distinguished Russians and Moscovites attended including Savva Mamontov, Botkin, Feodor Chaliapin, Maxim Gorky, Anton Chekhov, Konstantin Stanislavski, Pyotr Boborykin, and others. On one of these balls recalled Olga Knipper, "I had to go to the ball at Morozova: I've never seen such luxury and wealth." At the beginning of the twentieth century, Morozov was the largest shareholder of the Moscow Art Theatre (MAT) under Stanislavski and Nemirovich-Danchenko. During the summer of 1902, Savva funded Schechtel's, with participation of both Ivan Fomin and Alexander Galetsky, improvements of the Lianozov owned theatre built in 1890 at Kamergersky Lane 3 in Tverskoy. The renovations incorporated Anna Golubkina's high relief plaster of The Wave above the right entrance of the theatre. In 1903, he funded the electrification of the theatre with its own electrical power station and added another small stage which is isolated from the main building to allow full rehearsals during performances on the main stage. All of this made the MAT the most advanced theatre in Russia. For the fifth and sixth seasons (1902–04), Morozov funded the entire cost of the equipment and the operating costs of the building, too. This new theatre had seating for 1200 which was a third more than the older building and greatly enhanced its profitability. However, the rent increased for the seventh season (1904–05) and Morozov ceased paying for the leasehold and the operating cost. He would only pay back the principle for the cost of the improvements which took 9 years. When Gorky's Summerfolk was not well received by Nemirovich-Danchenko and Stanislavski, Gorky left the theatre and Morozov followed. Influenced by Maxim Gorky, he and his nephew Nikolai Pavlovich Schmit were significant financial contributors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party including the newspaper Iskra. According to the author Suzanne Massie, in Land of the Firebird, Morozov had approached his mother and family matriarch about introducing profit sharing with factory workers, one of the first industrialists to propose such an idea. His mother angrily removed Savva from the family business and one month later apparently despondent Morozov shot himself while in the south of France. Morozov died from a gunshot wound in Cannes, France. His death was officially ruled a suicide; however, various murder theories exist. His mansion became the headquarters of the Moscow Proletkult.

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Sergey Kirov

Sergei Mironovich Kirov (born Kostrikov; – 1 December 1934) was a prominent early Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union.

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Sergey Nechayev

Sergey Gennadiyevich Nechayev (or Nyechayev; Серге́й Генна́диевич Неча́ев) (October 2, 1847 – November 21 or December 3, 1882) was a Russian revolutionary associated with the Nihilist movement and known for his single-minded pursuit of revolution by any means necessary, including terrorism.

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Social democracy

Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.

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Socialist realism

Socialist realism is a style of idealized realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and was imposed as the official style in that country between 1932 and 1988, as well as in other socialist countries after World War II.

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Sorrento (Surriento) is a town overlooking the Bay of Naples in Southern Italy.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented from the 1920s to 1953 by Joseph Stalin (1878–1953).

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Summerfolk (translit) is a play by Maxim Gorky written in 1904 and first published in 1905 by Znaniye (1904 Znaniye Anthology, book Three), in Saint Petersburg.

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Tbilisi (თბილისი), in some countries also still named by its pre-1936 international designation Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.

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The I.V. Stalin White Sea – Baltic Sea Canal

The I.V. Stalin White Sea – Baltic Sea Canal (Russian: Беломорско - Балтийский канал имени Сталина: История строительства, 1931 - 1934 гг. (Stalin’s White Sea - Baltic Kanal: History of Construction 1931 - 1934)) is a 1934 Soviet historical volume detailing the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Sea Canal and the labor used to construct it.

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The Life of a Useless Man

The Life of a Useless Man (Zhizn nenuzhnogo cheloveka) is a 1908 Russian-language novel by Maxim Gorky.

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The Lower Depths

The Lower Depths (На дне, Na dne, literally: 'At the bottom') is perhaps the best known of Maxim Gorky's plays.

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The Mother (Brecht play)

The Mother is a play by the German modernist playwright Bertolt Brecht.

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The Philistines

The Philistines (translit) is a debut play by Maxim Gorky written in 1901.

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The Song of the Stormy Petrel

"The Song of the Stormy Petrel" (Песня о Буревестнике, Pesnya o Burevestnike/Pesńa o Burevestnike) is a short piece of revolutionary literature written by the Russian writer Maxim Gorky in 1901.

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Tsarist autocracy

Tsarist autocracy (царское самодержавие, transcr. tsarskoye samoderzhaviye) is a form of autocracy (later absolute monarchy) specific to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, which later became Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire.

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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Tupolev ANT-20

The Tupolev ANT-20 Maksim Gorki (Туполев АНТ-20 "Максим Горький") was a Soviet eight-engine aircraft, the largest of the 1930s.

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Twenty-six Men and a Girl

"Twenty-six Men and a Girl" (Двадцать шесть и одна, Dvadtsat’ shest’ i odna/Dvadcatj šestj i odna) is a short story written by the Russian writer Maxim Gorky in 1899, and is one of his most famous.

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Valery Zhelobinsky

Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky (Bалерий Bикторович Желобинский; sometimes transcribed from the Cyrillic as 'Zhelobinski' or 'Valarie Jelobinsky'; Tambov, 27 January 1913 – Leningrad, 13 August 1946) was a Russian composer and pianist.

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Vassa Zheleznova (play)

Vassa Zheleznova is a play by Russian writer Maxim Gorky.

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Vladimir Bazarov

Vladimir Alexandrovich Bazarov (Russian: Влади́мир Алекса́ндрович База́ров; 1874–1939) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary, journalist, philosopher, and economist, born Vladimir Alexandrovich Rudnev.

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Vladimir Korolenko

Vladimir Galaktionovich Korolenko (Влади́мир Галактио́нович Короле́нко) (27 July 1853 – 25 December 1921) was a Russian short story writer, journalist, human rights activist and humanitarian of Ukrainian and Polish origin.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko

Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko (Владимир Иванович Немирович-Данченко; – 25 April 1943, Moscow), PAU, was a Russian and Soviet theatre director, writer, pedagogue, playwright, producer and theatre administrator, who founded the Moscow Art Theatre with his colleague, Konstantin Stanislavski, in 1898.

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Vpered (Forward or Hasten) (1909–1912) was an organization emanating from within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Russian Social Democracy or RSDLP).

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Vyacheslav Molotov

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (né Skryabin; 9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.

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White Sea–Baltic Canal

The White Sea–Baltic Canal (Беломо́рско–Балти́йский кана́л, Byelomorsko–Baltiyskiy kanal, BBK), often abbreviated to White Sea Canal (Belomorkanal) is a ship canal in Russia opened on 2 August 1933.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Yegor Bulychov and Others

Yegor Bulychov and Others (Yegor Bulychyov i drugiye) is a 1953 Soviet drama film directed by Yuliya Solntseva and Boris Zakhava.

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Znanie (publishing company)

Znanie (Зна́ние, Znaniye/Znanije; Knowledge) was a publishing company based in St.

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1905 Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government.

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Redirects here:

A.M. Gorki, Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov, Aleksei Peshkov, Aleksey Maximovich Peshkov, Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, Alexei Peshkov, Alexey Gorky, Amma (novel), M. Gorky, Maksim Gor'kii, Maksim Gorki, Maksim Gorkiy, Maksim Gorky, Maksim Gor’kiy, Maksim gorky, Maxim Gorki, Maxim Gorkiy, Poslední, Алексей Максимович Пешков, Максим Горький.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxim_Gorky

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