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Mazandaran Province

Index Mazandaran Province

Mazandaran Province, (استان مازندران Ostān-e Māzandarān/Ostân-e Mâzandarân), is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran. [1]

422 relations: Abū Sahl al-Qūhī, Abbas Amiri, Abbas Dabbaghi, Abbas Hajkenari, Abbas I of Persia, Abbas Mirza, Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani, Abdol-samad Mirza Ezz ed-Dowleh Saloor, Abdolhossein Mokhtabad, Abdollah Javadi-Amoli, Abdollah Movahed, Abolhassan Sadighi, Abul Hasan al-Tabari, Abul-Abbas Qassab Amoli, Adel Gholami, Afshin, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Agriculture, Ahmad Ghahreman, Ahmad Keshvari, Ahmad Mohammadi, Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh, Ahmad Tavakkoli, Al-Mu'ayyad Ahmad, Al-Nagawri, Al-Natili, Al-Tabarani, Al-Tabari, Alam-Kuh, Alasht, Alborz, Alborz Province, Alendan lake, Alexander the Great, Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Ali Akbar Shiroodi, Ali Asghar Bazri, Ali Asghar Mazandarani, Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, Ali Kordan, Ali Larijani, Ali Yachkaschi, Ali-Akbar Davar, Alireza Mashaghi, Allameh Mohaddes Nouri University, Amardi, Amir Pazevari, Amol, Amol County, Anahita Hemmati, ..., Ancient Greek, Anoushiravan Nourian, Aquaculture, Arash, Ardalan Shoja Kaveh, Armenians, Asia, Askari Mohammadian, Astrakhan Oblast, AVC Club Volleyball Championship, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani language, Babak Nourzad, Babol, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babolsar, Badab-e Surt, Bagher Larijani, Bahador Molaei, Bahá'u'lláh, Bahram Aryana, Bashir Babajanzadeh, Bavand dynasty, Behdad Esfahbod, Behdad Salimi, Behnam Ehsanpour, Behshahr, Benyamin Bahadori, Bijan Mortazavi, Biotechnology, Boxing, Capital city, Caspia, Caspian calendar, Caspian expeditions of the Rus', Caspian horse, Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests, Caspian Sea, Caspian tiger, Caviar, Cereal, Chalus, Iran, Chinese martial arts, Circassians, Ciyos Guran, Cotton, Counties of Iran, Dabuyid dynasty, Daeva, Dagestan, Daniel al-Kumisi, Dar es Salaam, Dasht-e Naz Airport, Davazdah Cheshmeh, Davoud Hermidas-Bavand, Davoud Rashidi, Delkash, Dowlatshah, Ebrahim Taghipour, Ehsan Tabari, Elaheh Koulaei, Elburz Range forest steppe, Emad Ram, Emam-Ali Habibi, Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, Ezzatollah Akbari, F.C. Nassaji Mazandaran, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Farahabad, Mazandaran, Farhad Majidi, Farhang Sharif, Farshid Moussavi, Farshid Talebi, Farzan Ashourzadeh, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Ferdowsi, Fereidoun Hassanpour, Fereydun, Filband, Fire Temple of Amol, Firuzkuh, Iran, Fishing, Flower, Football, Fruit, Galugah, Georgians, Gerdkooh Hills, Ghasem Rezaei, Gholam Hossein Sadighi, Gholam-Ali Soleimani, Gholam-Hossein Banan, Gilaki language, Gilan Province, Golestan Province, Gorgan, Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Hadi Norouzi, Haji Washington, Hamed Kavianpour, Hamid Reza Chitgar, Hanif Omranzadeh, Haraz River, Haseb-i Tabari, Hassan Ghashghavi, Hassan Rahnavardi, Hassan Rangraz, Hassan Yazdani, Haydar Amuli, Herb, History of Alam Aray Abbasi, Hossein Dadgar, Hossein Fallah Noshirvani, Hossein Ghods-Nakhai, Hossein Khalatbari, Hossein Rajabian, Hossein Tavakkoli, Houchang Chehabi, Huto and Kamarband Caves, Hyrcania, Ibn Furak, Ibn Hindu, Ibn Isfandiyar, Iraj Malekpour, Iran, Iran Standard Time, Iranian Armenians, Iranian Azerbaijanis, Iranian Georgians, Iranian languages, Iranian peoples, Iranian Turkmen, Iranian Volleyball Super League, Irene Zazians, Iskandar Beg Munshi, Iskandar-i Shaykhi, Islamic Republic of Iran Railways, Issyk-Kul Region, Jameh Mosque of Amol, Jasem Delavari, Javad Asghari Moghaddam, Javad Manafi, Kalleh Mazandaran VC, Kambiz Dirbaz, Karaj, Karate, Kay Kāvus, Kelardasht, Khayr al-Nisa Begum, Khosrow Sinai, Khurshid of Tabaristan, Kianoush Rahmati, Kickboxing, Komeil Ghasemi, Kourosh Sotoodeh, Ladan Mostofi, Languages of Iran, Languages of the Caucasus, Lar Dam, Lar National Park, Larijan District, Larijan Hot Spring, List of Mazandaranis, List of sovereign states, Mahmoud Fekri, Majid Akhshabi, Majid Torkan, Manouchehr Boroumand, Manouchehr Khosrodad, Manouchehr Mottaki, Manouchehr Sotodeh, Manuchehr, Marche, Maryam Kavyani, Marzubannama, Masoud Esmaeilpour, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mausoleum of Mir Bozorg, Maysam Baou, Mazandaran Province, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazanderani cuisine, Mazanderani language, Mazanderani people, Mazyar, Mírzá Asadu’llah Fádil Mázandarání, Mehdi Hajizadeh, Mehdi Rajabian, Mehdi Taghavi, Mehrdad Oladi, Mehrdad Pooladi, Mekong Delta, Miankaleh peninsula, Middle Persian, Mina Assadi, Mineral water, Mirza Aqa Khan Nuri, Mirza Hashem Amoli, Mirza Hassan Khan Esfandiary, Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi, Mirza Shafi Mazandarani, Moalagh Bridge, Mohammad Ali Sadjadi, Mohammad Donyavi, Mohammad Reza Barari, Mohammad Reza Khalatbari (born 1983), Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad Rouyanian, Mohammad Salih al-Mazandarani, Mohammad Taghi Falsafi, Mohammad Taqi Danesh Pajouh, Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni, Mohammad Zohari, Mohammad-Javad Larijani, Mohsen Bengar, Mohsen Emadi, Mohsen Karimi, Mohsen Yousefi (footballer, born 1984), Mojtaba Abedini, Mojtaba Mirzajanpour, Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Morad Mohammadi, Morteza Gholi Khan Hedayat, Morteza Mehrzad, Morteza Pouraliganji, Moslem Bahadori, Mostafa Zamani, Mount Damavand, Mount Takht-e Suleyman, Mousa Nabipour, Muhammad ibn Mahmud Amuli, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Muhammad Taqi Amoli, Musa ibn Khalil Mazandarani, Nader Shah, Nassereddin Shah relief, Neka, Nima Alamian, Nima Yooshij, Noshad Alamian, Noshahr Airport, Noureddin Kianouri, Nur County, Nur, Iran, Olympic weightlifting, Omar Tiberiades, Omid Alishah, Omid Ebrahimi, Paduspanids, Pahlavi dynasty, Parinaz Izadyar, Parisa, Parthian Empire, Parviz Natel-Khanlari, Peoples of the Caucasus, Persian Gulf Pro League, Persian language, Persian people, Petroleum, Peyman Hosseini, Pietro Della Valle, Pol Sefid, Mazandaran, Pooran Farrokhzad, Provinces of Iran, Qaem Shahr, Qazvin Province, Quddús, Rahimberdi Annamoradnejad, Rahman Ahmadi, Rahman Rezaei, Rallying, Ramezan Kheder, Ramin Rezaeian, Ramsar Convention, Ramsar International Airport, Ramsar Palace, Ramsar, Mazandaran, Regions of Iran, Reza Allamehzadeh, Reza Salehi Amiri, Reza Shah, Reza Sheykholeslam, Reza Simkhah, Reza Soukhteh-Saraei, Reza Yazdani, Reza-Qoli Khan Hedayat, Rice, Road 59 (Iran), Road 77 (Iran), Road 79 (Iran), Rostam, Roya Nonahali, Rudehen, Iran, Rus' people, Russia, Russo-Persian War (1722–1723), Russo-Persian War (1804–13), Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), Saba Kamali, Sadegh Hedayat, Sadeq Larijani, Sahl ibn Bishr, Salm (Shahnameh), Sam Dastyari, Sangsari language, Sardar Rafie Yanehsari, Sari, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari County, Sari, Iran, Sasanian Empire, Savadkuh County, Sedentism, Semes Kandeh-ye Olya, Semnan Province, Serkland, Seyed Karim Amiri Firuzkuhi, Shah, Shahab Gordan, Shahab Hosseini, Shahandasht Waterfall, Shahnameh, Shahrak-e Namak Abrud, Shahrokh Meskoob, Shamoushak Noshahr F.C., Shamseddin Hosseini, Shaykh Tabarsi, Sheys Rezaei, Shoja' Khalilzadeh, Shomal University, Shur Mast, Shusha Guppy, Silk, Simin Ghanem, Sohrab Entezari, Soltan Mohammad-e Taher, Sousan Hajipour, Sugarcane, Svat Soucek, Syyed Abdul Karim Hashemi Nejad, Tabaristan, Table tennis, Taekwondo, Taleb Amoli, Tea, Tehran, Tehran Province, Textile, Theology, Tirgan, Tobacco, Tomb of Haydar Amuli, Tonekabon, Tonekabon County, Tourism, Towhidi Tabari, Tunakabuni, Tur (Shahnameh), Umayyad Caliphate, University of Mazandaran, Vasily Bartold, Vegetable, Veresk Bridge, Volga trade route, Volleyball, Yahya ibn Abi Mansur, Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari, Yazdegerd III, Zahir al-Din Mar'ashi, Zāl, Ziyarid dynasty. Expand index (372 more) »

Abū Sahl al-Qūhī

(ابوسهل بیژن کوهی Abusahl Bijan-e Koohi) was a Persian mathematician, physicist and astronomer.

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Abbas Amiri

Abbas Amiri Moghaddam (عباس امیری مقدم; May 12, 1943 – February 26, 2011) was an Iranian actor.

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Abbas Dabbaghi

Abbas Dabbaghi (عباس دباغی., born on March 9, 1987, in Sari) is a male freestyle wrestler from Iran.

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Abbas Hajkenari

Abbas Hajkenari (عباس حاج كناری., born January 1, 1974, in Fereydoon Kenar) is an Iranian retired wrestler.

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Abbas I of Persia

Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.

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Abbas Mirza

Abbas Mirza (عباس میرزا) (August 20, 1789October 25, 1833), was a Qajar crown prince of Persia.

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Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani

Abu Bakr Abd al-Qāhir bin Abd ar-Rahman bin Muhammad al-Jurjānī (400 – 471 or 474 A.H.) (died 1078 AD) was a renowned Persian scholar of the Arabic language, literary theorist, grammarian and Shafi'i Muslim.

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Abdol-samad Mirza Ezz ed-Dowleh Saloor

Abdosamad Mirza Ez od-Doleh Salour (Saloor) (عبدالصمد ميرزا عزالدوله سالور) (May 1843 – 1929) Persian prince of Qajar Dynasty and fifth son of Mohammad Shah Qajar by his wife, a lady of Turkmen origin.

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Abdolhossein Mokhtabad

Seyed Abdolhossein Mokhtabad (Persian: سید عبدالحسین مختاباد, born 21 March 1966) is one of the most popular singers and composers of Persian traditional music.

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Abdollah Javadi-Amoli

Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (عبدالله جوادی آملی) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a Marja.

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Abdollah Movahed

Abdollah Movahed Ardabili (عبدالله موحد اردبیلی, born March 20, 1940) is a retired Iranian lightweight freestyle wrestler.

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Abolhassan Sadighi

Abolhassan Sadighi (ابوالحسن صدیقی) (5 October 1894 – 11 December 1995) was an Iranian sculptor and painter and was known as Master Sadighi.

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Abul Hasan al-Tabari

Abu-l-Hasan Ahmad ibn Mohammad al-Tabari, born in Amol, was a 10th-century Persian physician from Tabaristan.

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Abul-Abbas Qassab Amoli

Abul Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abdul-Karim Qassab Amoli (Persian ابوالعباس قصاب آملی) is one of the masters Sufi and Mystics of Islam and is the force of Khosravani wisdom.

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Adel Gholami

Adel Gholami (عادل غلامی, born 9 February 1986 in Amol) is a volleyball player from Iran, who plays as a middle blocker for the Iran Men's National Team and Sarmayeh Bank Tehran.

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Afshin

Afshin (افشین / Afšīn; Afşın or Afşin) is a common Persian, Turkish and Urdu "Afsheen" given name, which is a modern Persian word derived from Avestan.

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Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (translit; 14 March 1742 – 17 June 1797), also known by his regnal name of Agha Mohammad Shah (آقا محمد شاه), was the founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, ruling from 1789 to 1797 as king (shah).

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Ahmad Ghahreman

Ahmad Ghahreman (احمد قهرمان, in Persian) (born 1928, Babol - died November 7, 2008 Tehran) was an Iranian botanist and professor of Tehran university.

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Ahmad Keshvari

Ahmad Keshvari (احمد کشوری; July 1953 – 7 December 1980) was a AH-1J SeaCobra pilot in the Army Aviation (''Havanirooz'') of Iran.

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Ahmad Mohammadi

Seyed Ahmad Mohammadi Ghadikalaei (سید احمد محمدی قادي کلایی, born 11 January 1992 in Qaem Shahr) is an Iranian wrestler who won the silver medal at the 2014 World Championships.

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Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh

Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh (احمد مشیرالسلطنه ‎;July 6, 1844 in Amol– April 20, 1918 in Tehran), was Prime Minister of Qajar era Iran.

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Ahmad Tavakkoli

Ahmad Tavakkoli (born 5 March 1951) is an Iranian conservative politician, journalist and anti-corruption activist.

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Al-Mu'ayyad Ahmad

Al-Mu'ayyad Ahmad (944 - 1020) was an imam of the Zaydiyyah sect.

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Al-Nagawri

Shahab al-Din ibn ‘Abd al-Karim Qivam al-Nagawri was a 14th-century Persian physician.

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Al-Natili

Al-Husayn ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan ibn Khurshid al-Tabari al-Natili al-Amuli (الحسين بن ابراهيم بن الحسن بن خورشيد الطبري النطيلي الآملی), was a Persian physician from Tabaristan.

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Al-Tabarani

Abu ’l-Qāsim Sulaymān ibn Ayyūb ibn Muṭayyir al-Lakhmī al-Ṭabarānī was one of the most important hadith scholars of his age.

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Al-Tabari

Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī (محمد بن جریر طبری, أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير بن يزيد الطبري) (224–310 AH; 839–923 AD) was an influential Persian scholar, historian and exegete of the Qur'an from Amol, Tabaristan (modern Mazandaran Province of Iran), who composed all his works in Arabic.

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Alam-Kuh

ʿAlam-Kūh (علم کوه; also: Alam Kooh) – Mount Alam – is a mountain in Alborz mountain range in north of Iran, Mazandaran Province, forming a peak of Takht-e Suleyman Massif.

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Alasht

Alasht (Ālaŝt, meaning Eagle Sanctuary, also Romanized as Ālasht) is a city in the Central District of Savadkuh County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Alborz

The Alborz (البرز), also spelled as Alburz, Elburz or Elborz, is a mountain range in northern Iran that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea and finally runs northeast and merges into the Aladagh Mountains in the northern parts of Khorasan.

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Alborz Province

Alborz Province (استان البرز, Ostan-e Alborz) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, centered in Karaj.

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Alendan lake

Alendan lake (دریاچهٔ الندان) is a lake with 17 hectare span located in Sari County.

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Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

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Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri

Ali Akbar Nateq-Nouri (علی‌اکبر ناطق‌نوری; sometimes spelt Nategh-Nouri) (born 6 October 1944) is an Iranian politician.

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Ali Akbar Shiroodi

Ali Akbar Shiroodi (علی‌اکبر شیرودی) was one of the pilots who had the highest number of flights in the world.

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Ali Asghar Bazri

Ali Asghar Bazri (علی اصغر بذری., born September 11, 1980 in Behshahr, Mazandaran, Iran) is an Iranian wrestler who competed in the 2006 Asian Games in the 74 kg division and won the gold medal.

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Ali Asghar Mazandarani

Grand Ayatollah Ali Asghar Mazandarani (1826–1911) was an Iranian cleric originally from Amirkola.

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Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari (علی ابن سهل ربان طبری) (c. 838 – c. 870 CE; also given as 810–855 or 808–864 also 783–858), was a Persian Muslim scholar, physician and psychologist, who produced one of the first encyclopedia of medicine entitled Firdous al-Hikmah ("Paradise of wisdom").

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Ali Kordan

Ali Kordan (23 October 1958 – 22 November 2009) was an Iranian conservative politician who served in the Revolutionary Guards, the judiciary and as deputy oil minister, before becoming interior minister of Iran in 2008 for just 90 days.

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Ali Larijani

Ali Larijani (علی لاریجانی,; born 3 June 1957) is an Iranian conservative politician, philosopher and former military officer who has been Speaker of the Parliament of Iran since 2008.

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Ali Yachkaschi

Ali Yachkaschi (in Persian علی یخکشی - alternative spellings: Ali Yakhkeshi) (1939 in Behshahr, Iran) is an Iranian professor of Environmental science, environmental activist and author.

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Ali-Akbar Davar

Ali-Akbar Dāvar (also known as Mirza Ali-Akbar Khan-e Dāvar) (1885–1937) (علی‌اکبر داور) was the founder of the modern judicial system of Iran.

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Alireza Mashaghi

Alireza Mashaghi is a biophysicist and medical scientist at Leiden University and Harvard Medical School.

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Allameh Mohaddes Nouri University

Allameh Mohaddes Nouri University or AMNU (Persian); is a non-profit university in the north of Iran which admits students either through the National Entrance Examination or on the basis of the applicants' prior school profile.

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Amardi

The Amardians, widely referred to as the Amardi (and sometimes Mardi), were an ancient Iranian tribe living along the mountainous region bordering the Caspian Sea to the north, to whom the Iron Age culture at Marlik is attributed.

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Amir Pazevari

Amir Pazevari was a Mazandarani Iranian poet with numerous works written in the Mazandarani language.

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Amol

Amol (آمل –;; also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Amol County

Amol County (شهرستان آمل) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran.

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Anahita Hemmati

Anahita Hemmati (آناهیتا همتی, born July 23, 1973 in Tehran) is an Iranian actress.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Anoushiravan Nourian

Anoushiravan Nourian (انوشیروان نوریان; born January 25, 1972 in Tehran) is a retired amateur Iranian-born Australian boxer.

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Aquaculture

Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.

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Arash

Arash the Archer (آرش کمانگیر Āraš-e Kamāngīr) is a heroic archer-figure of Iranian mythology.

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Ardalan Shoja Kaveh

Ardalan Shoja Kaveh (born 1963 in Birjand, Iran), is an Iranian actor.

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Armenians

Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

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Asia

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

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Askari Mohammadian

Askari Mohammadian (عسگری محمدیان., born 2 March 1963) is a retired Iranian freestyle wrestler.

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Astrakhan Oblast

Astrakhan Oblast (Астраха́нская о́бласть, Astrakhanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) located in southern Russia.

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AVC Club Volleyball Championship

The AVC Club Volleyball Championship is an international sports competition for club volleyball teams, currently held annually and organized by the Asian Volleyball Confederation, the Asian volleyball federation.

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Azerbaijan

No description.

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Azerbaijani language

Azerbaijani or Azeri, also referred to as Azeri Turkic or Azeri Turkish, is a Turkic language spoken primarily by the Azerbaijanis, who are concentrated mainly in Transcaucasia and Iranian Azerbaijan (historic Azerbaijan).

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Babak Nourzad

Babak Nourzad (بابک نورزاد, born 14 August 1978 in Ghaemshahr) is an Iranian former wrestler who competed in the 2004 Summer Olympics.

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Babol

Babol (بابل,, Known as "Orange Blossom City", also Romanized as Bābol; formerly known as Barfrouch) is the capital of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Babol Noshirvani University of Technology

Babol Noshirvani University of Technology is a public research university in Babol, a city in Mazandaran Province in the north of Iran, 20 km south of the Caspian Sea.

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Babol University of Medical Sciences

Babol University of Medical Sciences (BUMS) (دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل), is a medical sciences university in the city of Babol, Mazandaran province, Iran.

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Babolsar

Babolsar (بابلسر, also Romanized as Bābolsar and Bābul Sar; also known as Mashhadsar (Persian: مَشهَدسَر), also Romanized as Mashhad-i-Sar and Meshed-i-Sar) is a city and capital of Babolsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Badab-e Surt

Badab Soort (باداب سورت) is a natural site in Mazandaran Province in northern Iran, south of the city of Sari, and west of Orost village.

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Bagher Larijani

Bagher Larijani (born 5 May 1961), is an Iranian medical doctor (Professor of Endocrinology) and Director General of the Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute (EMRI).

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Bahador Molaei

Bahador Molaei (بهادر مولایی, born March 21, 1992 in Babolsar) is an Iranian weightlifter who won a silver medal at the 2013 Wrocław world championship.

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Bahá'u'lláh

Bahá'u'lláh (بهاء الله, "Glory of God"; 12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892 and Muharram 2, 1233 - Dhu'l Qa'dah 2, 1309), born Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Núrí (میرزا حسین‌علی نوری), was the founder of the Bahá'í Faith.

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Bahram Aryana

Timsar Bahram Aryana (born Hossein Manouchehri; 17 March 1906 – 21 July 1985) was a top Iranian military commander during the reign of Mohammed Reza Pahlavi as well as a philosopher of Zoroastrianism, Persian nationalist and humanist.

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Bashir Babajanzadeh

Bashir Babajanzadeh Darzi (بشير باباجان‌زاده درزى., born 9 or 20 August 1989) is a heavyweight Greco-Roman wrestler from Iran.

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Bavand dynasty

The Bavand dynasty (also spelled Bavend), or simply the Bavandids, was an Iranian dynasty that ruled in parts of Tabaristan (Mazandaran) in what is now northern Iran from 651 until 1349, alternating between outright independence and submission as vassals to more powerful regional rulers.

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Behdad Esfahbod

Seyed Behdad Esfahbod MirHosseinZadeh Sarabi (سید بهداد اسفهبد میر حسین‌زاده سرابی; born September 27, 1982) is an Iranian-Canadian computer scientist and free software developer and a senior staff software engineer at Google.

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Behdad Salimi

Behdad Salimi Kordasiabi (بهداد سلیمی كردآسیابی, born 8 December 1989) is an Iranian weightlifter in the +105 kg category.

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Behnam Ehsanpour

Behnam Ehsanpour (بهنام احسان‌پور, born 16 February 1992 in Behshahr) is an Iranian wrestler.

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Behshahr

Behshahr (بهشهر; formerly Ashraf and Ashraf ol Belād) is a city in Mazandaran, Iran & the capital of Behshahr County.

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Benyamin Bahadori

Benyamin Bahadori (بنیامین بهادری) is an Iranian Pop singer, composer and songwriter from Tehran, Iran.

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Bijan Mortazavi

Bijan Mortazavi (بیژن مرتضوی), (born November 16, 1957 in Babol, Iran), is an Iranian Virtuoso Violinist, Musician, Composer, Songwriter, Arranger and Singer.

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Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

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Boxing

Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Caspia

Caspia is a genus of marine snails, brackish water snails and freshwater snails with a gill and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Hydrobiidae.

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Caspian calendar

The Tabarian calendar is the indigenous solar calendar of the Mazandaranis.

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Caspian expeditions of the Rus'

The Caspian expeditions of the Rus' were military raids undertaken by the Rus' between 864 and 1041 on the Caspian Sea shores,Logan (1992), p. 201 of what are nowadays Iran, Dagestan, and Azerbaijan.

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Caspian horse

The Caspian is a small horse breed native to Northern Iran.

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Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests

The Caspian Hyrcanian Mixed Forests ecoregion, in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, is an area of lush lowland and montane forests covering about near the southern shores of the Caspian Sea of Iran and Azerbaijan.

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Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.

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Caspian tiger

The Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is an extinct tiger population.

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Caviar

Caviar (less often, caviare) is a delicacy consisting of salt-cured roe of the Acipenseridae family.

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Cereal

A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.

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Chalus, Iran

Chalus (چالوس, also romanized as Chālūs, Chaloos, Chalousse and Chalous) is a city in Mazandaran Province in north of Iran.

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Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.

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Circassians

The Circassians (Черкесы Čerkesy), also known by their endonym Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэхэр Adygekher, Ады́ги Adýgi), are a Northwest Caucasian nation native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.

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Ciyos Guran

Ciyos Guran Orimi (کیوس گوران: Kiyous Gourān), commonly known as his pen name, Ciyos (born May 28, 1937) is an Iranian poet, author, singer and journalist.

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Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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Counties of Iran

The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (شهرستان), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan).

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Dabuyid dynasty

The Dabuyid or Gaubarid Dynasty was a Zoroastrian Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan and parts of western Khorasan.

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Daeva

Daeva (daēuua, daāua, daēva) is an Avestan language term for a particular sort of supernatural entity with disagreeable characteristics.

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Dagestan

The Republic of Dagestan (Респу́блика Дагеста́н), or simply Dagestan (or; Дагеста́н), is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia, located in the North Caucasus region.

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Daniel al-Kumisi

Daniel al-Kumisi (? in Damagan, Tabaristan – 946, in Jerusalem) was one of the most prominent early scholars of Karaite Judaism.

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Dar es Salaam

Dar es Salaam (Dar) (from دار السلام, "the house of peace"; formerly Mzizima) is the former capital as well as the most populous city in Tanzania and a regionally important economic centre.

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Dasht-e Naz Airport

Sari Dasht-e Naz International Airport (فرودگاه دشت ناز ساری) is located in Sari, in Central District of Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Davazdah Cheshmeh

Davazdah Cheshmeh, also called the Davazdah Pelleh (old name Haraz Bridge), is a bridge in Amol, Iran.

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Davoud Hermidas-Bavand

Davoud Hermidas-Bavand (داوود هرمیداس باوند; born 1934 in Tehran) is an Iranian former career diplomat and political scientist.

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Davoud Rashidi

Davoud Rashidi (داوود رشیدی; July 16, 1933 – August 26, 2016) was an Iranian actor.

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Delkash

Esmat Bagherpour Baboli (عصمت باقرپور بابلی; 26 February 1925 – 1 September 2004), also known as "Delkash" (دلکش), was an Iranian diva and actress with a rare and unique voice.

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Dowlatshah

Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatshah (4 January 1789 – 22 November 1821, Al-Mada'in, Ottoman Iraq) was a famous Persian Prince of the Qajar Dynasty.

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Ebrahim Taghipour

Ebrahim Taghipour (born September 23, 1976 in Sari, Iran) is a retired Iranian football player who previously played for Zob Ahan, Persepolis, Esteghlal and also Iran national football team.

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Ehsan Tabari

Ehsan Tabari (1917–1989) was an Iranian philosopher, and a literary giant who played a major role in modernization in literature and cultural enlightenment in twentieth century in Iran.

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Elaheh Koulaei

Elaheh Koulaei (الهه کولایی; born 17 December 1956) is an Iranian political scientist, reformist intellectual.

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Elburz Range forest steppe

The Elburz Range forest steppe ecoregion is an arid, mountainous 1,000-kilometer arc south of the Caspian Sea, stretching across northern Iran from the Azerbaijan border to near the Turkmenistan border.

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Emad Ram

Emad Ram (عماد رام.; born March 2, 1931) was a prominent Iranian singer.

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Emam-Ali Habibi

Emam-Ali Habibi Goudarzi (امامعلی حبیبی گودرزی., born 13 May 1931) is a retired Iranian freestyle wrestler.

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Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei

Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei (اسفندیار رحیم‌مشایی; born 16 November 1960) is an Iranian politician and former intelligence officer.

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Ezzatollah Akbari

Ezzatollah Akbari Zarinkolaei (عزت‌الله اکبری زرین‌کلایی., born 20 August 1992 in Juybar, Iran) is an Iranian wrestler.

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F.C. Nassaji Mazandaran

Football Club Nassaji Mazandaran (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال نساجی مازندران) is an Iranian football club based in Qa'em Shahr, Mazandaran, Iran.

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Fakhr al-Din al-Razi

Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī or Fakhruddin Razi (فخر الدين رازي) was an Iranian Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher He was born in 1149 in Rey (in modern-day Iran), and died in 1209 in Herat (in modern-day Afghanistan).

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Farahabad, Mazandaran

Farahabad (English: "abode of joy") was a palace and city built by Shah Abbas I in Mazandaran, Iran.

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Farhad Majidi

Farhad Majidi Ghadikolaei (فرهاد مجیدی قادیکلائی, born 3 June 1976) is a retired Iranian footballer who mostly played as an attacking midfielder.

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Farhang Sharif

Farhang Sharif (فرهنگ شریف; – 7 September 2016) was an Iranian musician and renowned tar player.

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Farshid Moussavi

Farshid Moussavi is an Iranian-born British architect, founder of Farshid Moussavi Architecture (FMA) and Professor in Practice of Architecture at Harvard University Graduate School of Design.

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Farshid Talebi

Farshid Talebi (فرشید طالبی; born 24 August 1981) is an Iranian professional football.

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Farzan Ashourzadeh

Farzan Ashourzadeh Fallah (فرزان عاشورزاده فلاح, born November 25, 1996 in Tonekabon, Mazandaran, Iran) is an Iranian taekwondo practitioner.

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Fath-Ali Shah Qajar

Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (فتح‌على شاه قاجار; var. Fathalishah, Fathali Shah, Fath Ali Shah; 25 September 1772 – 23 October 1834) was the second Shah (Qajar emperor) of Iran.

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Ferdowsi

Abu ʾl-Qasim Firdowsi Tusi (c. 940–1020), or Ferdowsi (also transliterated as Firdawsi, Firdusi, Firdosi, Firdausi) was a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh ("Book of Kings"), which is the world's longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran.

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Fereidoun Hassanpour

Fereidoun Hasanpour (born Kalachay) is an Iranian film director.

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Fereydun

Fereydun (فریدون - Feraydūn or Farīdūn; Middle Persian: Frēdōn; Avestan: Θraētaona), also pronounced and spelled Freydun, Faridon and Afridun, is the name of an Iranian mythical king and hero from the kingdom of Varena.

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Filband

Filband (فيل بند, also Romanized as Fīlband) is a village in bandpey district, Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Fire Temple of Amol

The Fire Temple of Amol, also known as Atashkadeh Amol or Amol Atash Kadeh), is a temple in Amol, Mazandaran, Iran. It related to the period Sassanid (226- 651 CE) antiquity building. Has been vestigial damaged over time. The indigenous story told, Muhammad ibn Mahmud Amuli body is buried in this place.

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Firuzkuh, Iran

Firuzkuh (فيروزكوه, also Romanized as Fīrūzkūh and Fīrūz Kūh; Tabarian: Pirezcow; also known as Qaşabeh-ye Fīrūz Kūh) is a city and capital of Firuzkuh County, Tehran Province, Iran.

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Fishing

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.

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Flower

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).

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Football

Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.

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Fruit

In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.

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Galugah

Galugah (گلوگاه, also Romanized as Galūgāh) is a city and capital of Galugah County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Georgians

The Georgians or Kartvelians (tr) are a nation and Caucasian ethnic group native to Georgia.

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Gerdkooh Hills

Gerdkooh ancient hills (Persian: تپه باستان گردکوه) consists of three hills, the tallest of which is 26 m in height.

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Ghasem Rezaei

Ghasem Rezaei (قاسم رضايى., born 18 August 1985) is an Iranian former Greco-Roman wrestler.

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Gholam Hossein Sadighi

Gholam Hossein Sedighi (غلامحسین صدیقی; December 3, 1905 – May 19, 1992), was an Iranian politician and Minister of Interior in the government of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953.

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Gholam-Ali Soleimani

Gholam-Ali Soleimani (غلامعلی سلیمانی (born 15 June 1946 in Amol) is a businessman, entrepreneur, manager, member of the Iran Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines & Agriculture and consultant minister of Ministry of Industries and Business Iran in Iran Development of non-oil exports.He is said to be the father of Iran’s modern industry. He is the CEO of the Solico Group, which currently consists of more than 30 company as Kalleh Dairy. In 2015, Soleiman was selected as one of the ten economic elites in the World of Islamic Economy, winning the Muslim World Biz award.

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Gholam-Hossein Banan

Gholām-Hossein Banān (غلامحسين بنان; May 5, 1911 in Tehran – February 27, 1986 in Gholhak, Tehran) was an Iranian musician and singer.

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Gilaki language

The Gilaki language (گیلکی Giləki) is a Caspian language, and a member of the northwestern Iranian language branch, spoken in Iran's Gīlān Province.

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Gilan Province

Gilan Province (اُستان گیلان, Ostān-e Gīlān, also Latinized as Guilan) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.

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Golestan Province

Golestān Province (استان گلستان, Ostān-e Golestān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, located in the north-east of the country south of the Caspian Sea.

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Gorgan

Gorgan (گرگان; formerly Astrabad or Astarabad (استرآباد)) is the capital city of Golestan Province, Iran.

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Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām (lit) among its supporters, and "the regime" among its dissidents) is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the revolution and fall of Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.

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Hadi Norouzi

Hadi Norouzi (هادی نوروزی, 22 June 1985 – 1 October 2015) was an Iranian football striker who last played for Persepolis in the Iran Pro League.

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Haji Washington

Hajji Hossein-Gholi Khan Noori (Tehran 1849-Tehran 1937), also known as Hajji Washington (حاجی واشنگتن), was an Iranian politician, cabinet minister, and diplomat.

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Hamed Kavianpour

Hamed Kavianpour (حامد کاویانپور, born December 1, 1978) is an Iranian professional football player.

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Hamid Reza Chitgar

Hamid Reza Chitgar (7 July 1949 - 19 May 1987, also known as Hamid Bahmani) was an exiled Iranian politician who lived in France after the Iranian Revolution and was assassinated in Austria by the Iranian government.

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Hanif Omranzadeh

Hanif Omranzadehian (حنیف عمران زاده, born April 30, 1985 in Noor) is an Iranian football defender.

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Haraz River

The Haraz River is a notable river flowing through the Mazandaran Province of northern Iran.

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Haseb-i Tabari

Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Ayyub-i Haseb-i Tabarit (حاسب طبری) was an Iranian astronomer.

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Hassan Ghashghavi

Hassan Ghashghavi or Qashqavi (حسن قشقاوی) is the current Deputy Foreign Minister of Iran.

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Hassan Rahnavardi

Mohammad Hassan Rahnavardi (محمد حسن رهنوردی, born 10 May 1927) is an Iranian physician, politician and former weightlifter.

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Hassan Rangraz

Hassan Rangraz (حسن رنگرز., born 21 March 1980 in Nowshahr, mazandaran) is an Iranian retired wrestler, He is a world champion in Greco-Roman wrestling.

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Hassan Yazdani

Hassan Yazdani Cherati (حسن یزدانی چراتی) born 28 December 1994 in Lapu Sahra, Chapakrud Rural District, Juybar County, Iran is an Iranian wrestler.

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Haydar Amuli

Sayyid Baha al-Din Haydar, Haydar al-'Obaidi al-Hossayni Amuli, or Seyyed Haydar Amoli or Mir Haydar Amoli a Shi'ite mystic and a Sufi philosopher, was an early representative of Persian theosophy and one of the most distinguished commentators of the mystic philosopher Ibn Arabi, during the 14th century.

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Herb

In general use, herbs are plants with savory or aromatic properties that are used for flavoring and garnishing food, in medicine, or as fragrances.

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History of Alam Aray Abbasi

The History of Aalam Aray Abbasi (italic) recorded the history of the Iranian Safavid dynasty, from its founding under Shah Ismail I to the end, under Shah Abbas I, covering the period of 1600-1680.

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Hossein Dadgar

Hosein Adl-ol-Malek Dādgar (1889–1971) was a politician of Persia.

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Hossein Fallah Noshirvani

Hossein Falah Noshirvani (حسین فلاح نوشیروانی) was a renowned Iranian humanitarian and influential social figure.

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Hossein Ghods-Nakhai

Hossein Ghods-Nakhaï (حسین قدس نخعی.), (1894 – 1977) was an Iranian poet, politician, cabinet minister, and diplomat.

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Hossein Khalatbari

Hossein Khalatbari Mokarram (حسین خلعتبری; 4 October 1949 – 21 March 1985) was an Iranian fighter pilot who served in the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force during Iran–Iraq War.

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Hossein Rajabian

Hossein Rajabian (حسین رجبیان; born 5 July 1984) is an Iranian Filmmaker, Writer and Photographer who was imprisoned in 2015 on charges related to his filmmaking.

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Hossein Tavakkoli

Hossein Tavakkoli (حسین توکلی., born January 10, 1978 in Mahmoudabad, Mazandaran) is an Iranian weightlifter who won the gold medal in the Men's 105 kg weight class at the 2000 Summer Olympics.

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Houchang Chehabi

Houchang Esfandiar Chehabi, PhD, is leading scholar of Iranian studies at the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University where he is Professor of International Relations and History.

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Huto and Kamarband Caves

The Huto and Kamarband Caves or Belt Caves are prehistoric, archaeological sites in Iran.

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Hyrcania

Hyrcania (Ὑρκανία Hyrkania, Old Persian: Varkâna,Lendering (1996) Middle Persian: Gurgān, Akkadian: Urqananu) is a historical region composed of the land south-east of the Caspian Sea in modern-day Iran, bound in the south by the Alborz mountain range and the Kopet Dag in the east.

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Ibn Furak

Ibn Furak or Ibn Faurak (إبن فوراك.; 941 - 1015 CE / 330 - 406 AH) was a Muslim Imam, a theologian of Al-Ash'ari, a specialist of Arabic language, grammar and poetry, an orator, a jurist, and a hadith scholar from the Shafi'i Madhhab in 10th century.

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Ibn Hindu

Abū Al-Faraj ʿAlī ibn al-Husayn ibn Hindū (d. 1019-1032) was a Persian poet, a man of letters, and a practitioner of Galenic medicine coming from Rey.

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Ibn Isfandiyar

Bahā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan ibn Isfandiyār was a 13th-century Iranian historian from Tabaristan, who wrote a history of his native province, the Tarikh-i Tabaristan.

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Iraj Malekpour

Iraj Malekpour (ایرج ملکپور) is an born Amol Iranian university professor of space physics.

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Iran

Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

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Iran Standard Time

Iran Standard Time (IRST) or Iran Time (IT) is the time zone used in Iran.

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Iranian Armenians

Iranian-Armenians (իրանահայեր iranahayer) also known as Persian-Armenians (պարսկահայեր parskahayer), are Iranians of Armenian ethnicity who may speak Armenian as their first language.

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Iranian Azerbaijanis

Iranian Azerbaijanis (ایران آذربایجانلیلاری – İran azərbaycanlıları), also known as Iranian Azeris, Iranian Turks, Persian Turks, Azeri Turks, Azerbaijani Turks or Persian Azerbaijanis, are Iranians of Azerbaijani ethnicity who speak the Azerbaijani language as their first language.

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Iranian Georgians

Iranian Georgians (ირანის ქართველები; گرجی‌های ایران) are Iranian citizens who are ethnically Georgian, and are an ethnic group living in Iran.

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Iranian languages

The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family.

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Iranian peoples

The Iranian peoples, or Iranic peoples, are a diverse Indo-European ethno-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of the Iranian languages.

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Iranian Turkmen

Iranian Turkmen (Eýran Türkmenleri; ترکمن‌های ایران) are a Branch of Turkmen people living mainly in Northern and Northeastern of Iran.

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Iranian Volleyball Super League

The Iranian Super League (ISL) is a professional volleyball league in Iran at the top of the Iranian volleyball league system.

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Irene Zazians

Irene Zazians (August 20, 1927 — July 28, 2012), best known as Iren in Iran, was an Iranian-Armenian actress.

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Iskandar Beg Munshi

Iskandar Beg Munshi, a.k.a. Iskandar Beg Turkman (c. 1560 – c. 1632), was a Persian historian of Turkmen origin of the Safavid emperor Shah Abbas I. Iskandar Beg began as an accountant in the bureaucracy, but later became a privileged secretary of the Shahs.

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Iskandar-i Shaykhi

Iskandar-i Shaykhi (اسکندر شیخی), was ruler of the Afrasiyab dynasty from 1393 to 1403.

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Islamic Republic of Iran Railways

The Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (abbreviated IRIR or sometimes RAI) (Persian: Rāhāhane Jomhuriye Eslamiye Irān) is the national state-owned railway system of Iran.

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Issyk-Kul Region

Issyk-Kul Region (Ысык-Көл облусу, Isıq-Köl oblusu, ىسىق-كۅل وبلاستى; Иссык-Кульская область, Issyk-Kuljskaja oblastj) is one of the regions of Kyrgyzstan.

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Jameh Mosque of Amol

The Jāmeh Mosque of Amol (مسجد جامع آمل – Masjid-e-Jāmeh Amol) is the grand, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) of Amol, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Jasem Delavari

Jasem Delavari (جاسم دلاوری., born September 2, 1986 in Ghaemshahr, Iran) is an Iranian amateur boxer who competed in the Super Heavyweight (+91 kg) division at the 2006 Asian Games winning the bronze medal in a lost bout against Uzbekistan's eventual gold medalist Rustam Saidov 11-31.

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Javad Asghari Moghaddam

Javad Asghari Moghaddam (جواد اصغری‌مقدم), born 12 August 1979 in Tonekabon, Mazandran, Iran is an Iranian futsal player.

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Javad Manafi

Javad Manafi (جواد منافی; born September 23, 1970) is an Iranian retired association footballer and coach.

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Kalleh Mazandaran VC

Kalleh Amol Volleyball Club (باشگاه والیبال کاله آمل) was an Iranian professional volleyball team based in Amol, Iran.

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Kambiz Dirbaz

Kambiz Dirbaz (کامبیز دیرباز) is an Iranian film and television actor.

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Karaj

Karaj (کرج) is the capital of Alborz Province, Iran, and effectively a suburb of Tehran.

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Karate

(Okinawan pronunciation) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom.

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Kay Kāvus

Kay Kāvus (كيكاوس; Kauui Usan); sometimes Kai-Káús or Kai-Kaus,Firdawsī, The Sháh námeh of the Persian poet Firdausí.

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Kelardasht

Kelardasht (كلاردشت, also Romanized as Kalārdasht) is a city and capital of Kelardasht District, in Chalus County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Khayr al-Nisa Begum

Khayr al-Nisa Begum (known under the royal title Mahd-i Ulya, "the highest-ranked cradle") (died 26 July 1579) was an Iranian Mazandarani princess from the Marashi dynasty, who was the wife of the Safavid shah (king) Mohammed Khodabanda (r. 1578–1587) and mother of Abbas I. During the early part of her husband's reign she was a powerful political figure in her own right and governed Iran de facto between February 1578 and July 1579.

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Khosrow Sinai

Khosrow Sinai (خسرو سینایی., born 19 January 1941 in Sari, Iran) is an Iranian film director.

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Khurshid of Tabaristan

Khurshid (Middle Persian:, Khōrshēd; Tabari/اسپهبد خورشید, Spāhbed Khōrshīd 'General Khorshid'; 734–761), erroneously designated Khurshid II by earlier scholars, was the last Dabuyid ispahbadh of Tabaristan.

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Kianoush Rahmati

Kianoush "Kia" Rahmati (كیانوش رحمتی, born September 18, 1978 in Iran) is a retired Iranian football player and coach.

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Kickboxing

Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.

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Komeil Ghasemi

Komeil Nemat Ghasemi (کمیل قاسمی, born 27 February 1988) is an Iranian wrestler who won a bronze medal in the men's freestyle 120 kg event at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

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Kourosh Sotoodeh

Kourosh Sotoodeh (born March 19, 1978) is an Iranian born fashion photographer based in New York City.

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Ladan Mostofi

Ladan Mostofi (لادن مستوفی) (born 1972) is an Iranian actress.

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Languages of Iran

The current Language Policy of Iran is addressed on chapter two of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Articles 15 & 16).

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Languages of the Caucasus

The Caucasian languages are a large and extremely varied array of languages spoken by more than ten million people in and around the Caucasus Mountains, which lie between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.

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Lar Dam

Lar Dam (Persian: سد لار sad-de lār) is a dam located at the foot of Mount Damavand in Amol county, Mazandaran, Iran.

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Lar National Park

Lar National Park (Persian پارک ملی لار park-e melli-e lar) is a protected area in Mazandaran Province and Tehran Province, in northern Iran.

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Larijan District

Larijan District (بخش لاریجان) is a district (bakhsh) in Amol county, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Larijan Hot Spring

Larijan Hot Spring or Larijan Mineral Spring or Rineh Thermal Spring (Abe garm-e-Ma'dani-e-Larijan) is a Hot mineral spring located about north of Amol, Iran, near Mount Damavand.

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List of Mazandaranis

No description.

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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Mahmoud Fekri

Mahmoud Fekri Juybari (born July 26, 1969 in Juybar, Iran) is a former Iranian football player who is currently head coach of Naft Masjed Soleyman in Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Majid Akhshabi

Majid Akhshabi (مجید اخشابی, born January 16, 1973), is an Iranian Santurist and Persian Pop singer.

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Majid Torkan

Majid Torkan (مجيد تركان, born 15 November 1964) is a retired Iranian freestyle wrestler.

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Manouchehr Boroumand

Manouchehr Boroumand (منوچهر برومند., 26 March 1934 – 21 December 2017) was an Iranian heavyweight weightlifter.

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Manouchehr Khosrodad

Manouchehr Khosrodad (1927 – 16 February 1979) was an Iranian military major general.

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Manouchehr Mottaki

Manouchehr Mottaki (منوچهر متکی; born 12 May 1953) is an Iranian politician and diplomat.

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Manouchehr Sotodeh

Manouchehr Sotodeh (منوچهر ستوده, 19 July 1913 – 8 April 2016) was an Iranian geographer and scholar of Persian literature.

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Manuchehr

Manūchehr (in, older Persian Manōčihr, Avestan Manuščiθra), is a character in the Shahnameh.

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Marche

Marche, or the Marches, is one of the twenty regions of Italy.

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Maryam Kavyani

Maryam Kāv'yāni, also Maryam Kāviāni (مریم کاویانی) (born 1970 in Ahvaz, Iran), is an Iranian actress.

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Marzubannama

The Marzban'name (مرزبان‌نامه, Book of the Margrave) by Sa'ad ad-Din Varavini (سعد الدین وراوینی) is a collection of 10th-century fables in Persian, translated into Arabic around 1220.

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Masoud Esmaeilpour

Masoud Esmaeilpour Jouybari (مسعود اسماعیل‌پور جویباری., born 6 August 1988 in Jouybar) is an Iranian wrestler, Asian champion and multiple medalist at the world championships in the lightweight freestyle.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Mausoleum of Mir Bozorg

The Mausoleum of Mir Bozorg or known as Mir Bozorg Marashi Tomb or Mashhad Mir Bozorg is a complex located at Sabzeh Meydan Square, Amol, Iran.

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Maysam Baou

Maysam Baou (میثم بائو, born 19 September 1983) is a retired Iranian football player.

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Mazandaran Province

Mazandaran Province, (استان مازندران Ostān-e Māzandarān/Ostân-e Mâzandarân), is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran.

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Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences

Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (MazUMS) is a medical university in Sari, Mazandaran province, Iran.

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Mazanderani cuisine

Mazandarani cuisine is diverse, just like the region's landscape.

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Mazanderani language

Mazanderani (مازندرانی), also Tabari (تبری), is an Iranian language of the Northwestern branch, spoken mainly in Iran's Mazandaran, Tehran, Alborz, Semnan and Golestan provinces.

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Mazanderani people

The Mazanderani people (مازرون; مردم مازندرانی) or Tabari people (تپورون; مردم تبری) are an Iranian peopleAcademic American Encyclopedia By Grolier Incorporated, page 294 whose homeland is the North of Iran (Tabaristan).

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Mazyar

Mazyar (Middle Persian: Māh-Izād; Mazandarani/Mazyār), was an Iranian prince from the Qarinvand dynasty, who was the ruler (ispahbadh) of the mountainous region of Tabaristan from 825/6 to 839.

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Mírzá Asadu’llah Fádil Mázandarání

Mírzá Asadu’llah Fádil Mázandarání (c. 1880–1957) was a prominent Iranian Bahá'í scholar in Iran.

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Mehdi Hajizadeh

Mehdi Hajizadeh Jooybari (مهدی حاجی زاده جویباری., born 11 September 1981 in Jooybar) is an Iranian wrestler.

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Mehdi Rajabian

Mehdi Rajabian (Persian:مهدی رجبیان) is born in October 1989 in Sari (a city in north of Iran) who is the composer, the musician and the founder of the website Barg music.

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Mehdi Taghavi

Mehdi Taghavi Kermani (مهدى تقوى كرمانى., born February 20, 1987 in Savadkuh) is an Iranian wrestler.

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Mehrdad Oladi

Mehrdad Oladi (مهرداد اولادی, May 25, 1985 – April 19, 2016) was an Iranian footballer who most recently played for Malavan in the Iran Pro League.

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Mehrdad Pooladi

Mehrdad Pooladi (مهرداد پولادی, born February 26, 1987) is an Iranian footballer.

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Mekong Delta

The Mekong Delta (Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long, "Nine Dragon river delta" or simply Đồng Bằng Sông Mê Kông, "Mekong river delta"), also known as the Western Region (Miền Tây) or the South-western region (Tây Nam Bộ) is the region in southwestern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea through a network of distributaries.

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Miankaleh peninsula

Miyānkāle peninsula (شبه جزیره میان‌کاله) is a narrow but long peninsula in Māzandarān Province in the north of Iran situated in the extreme south-eastern part of the Caspian Sea.

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Middle Persian

Middle Persian is the Middle Iranian language or ethnolect of southwestern Iran that during the Sasanian Empire (224–654) became a prestige dialect and so came to be spoken in other regions of the empire as well.

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Mina Assadi

Mina Assadi (مینا اسدی; born March 12, 1943 in Sari, Iran) is a poet, author, journalist and songwriter who lives in exile in Stockholm, Sweden.

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Mineral water

Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.

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Mirza Aqa Khan Nuri

Mirza Aqa Khan Nuri (میرزا آقاخان نوری), otherwise known as Aqa Khan Nuri, E'temad-ol Dowleh (born 1807 – died 1865) was a politician in Qajar Iran, who served as prime minister (ṣadr-e aʿẓam) between 1851-58 during the reign of king Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (r. 1848–1896).

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Mirza Hashem Amoli

Mirza Hashem Amoli (میرزا هاشم آملی) was an Iranian Shia Marja' and scholar of jurisprudence.

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Mirza Hassan Khan Esfandiary

Mirza Hassan Khan Esfandiary also known Hassan Esfandiary (1867–1945) was an Iranian politician and 12th chairman of the Iranian parliament.

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Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi

Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi (میرزا حسین نوری طبرسی, الميرزا حسين النوري الطبرسي) (1838 - 1902) popularly known as Muhaddis Noori / Al-Mohaddith Al-Noori, was a top Shi'a Islamic cleric and father of Islamic Shi'a Renaissance.

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Mirza Shafi Mazandarani

Mirza Mohammad Shafi Bandpi'i Mazandarani (میرزا محمد شفیع بان نقطه دراینچ مازندرانی), better simply known as Mirza Shafi Mazandarani (میرزا شفیع مازندرانی), was an Iranian statesman of Mazandarani origin, who served as the grand vizier of the Qajar king (shah) Fath-Ali Shah Qajar (r. 1797-1834) from 1801 to 1819.

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Moalagh Bridge

Moalagh Bridge or Felezi Bridge is a bridge in Amol, Iran.

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Mohammad Ali Sadjadi

Mohammad Ali Sadjadi (محمدعلی سجادی; born 1957, Amol), is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, editor, producer, production designer and writer.

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Mohammad Donyavi

Mohammad Donyavi (1942 Sari, Iran - 1995 Sari, Iran) was a Mazandarani musician, vocalist and poet.

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Mohammad Reza Barari

Mohammad Reza Barari (محمدرضا براری, born 31 March 1988 in Sari, Mazandaran) is an Iranian weighlifter.

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Mohammad Reza Khalatbari (born 1983)

Mohammad Reza Khalatbari (محمدرضا خلعتبری, born 14 September 1983) is an Iranian international football player who currently plays for Padideh He can play as attacking midfielder, winger and forward.

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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi,; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (Mohammad Rezā Šāh), was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.

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Mohammad Rouyanian

Mohammad Reza Rouyanian (محمدرضا رویانیان) is an Iranian businessman, football administrator and former Revolutionary Guard commander.

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Mohammad Salih al-Mazandarani

Muḥammad Sāliḥ al-Māzandarānī (محمد صالح المازندراني, d. 1086 AH), is the author of a ten-volume commentary, Sharḥ Uṣūl al-Kāfī, on the first (most sahih) of the Four Books (hadiths) of Shi'a Islam (al-Kafi, written by Kulayni, d. 329 AH).

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Mohammad Taghi Falsafi

Mohammad Taghi Falsafi (محمدتقی فلسفی) was an Iranian Ayatollah and preacher.

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Mohammad Taqi Danesh Pajouh

Mohammad Taqi Danesh Pajouh (محمد تقى دانش پژوه; born 1911 in Amol and died 1996), was an Iranian scholar and author on Persian and Islamic studies.

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Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni

Mohammad-Vali Khan, Khalatbari Tonekāboni (محمدولی‌خان تنکابنی), (1846 in Tonekabon, Iran – 18 September 1926 in Tehran, Iran), known as Sepahdar A'zam was the leader of the constitutionalist revolutionary forces from Iran's Northern provinces of Gilan and Mazandaran and known as one of the greatest statesmen and military commanders of Persian history as well as its wealthiest nobleman.

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Mohammad Zohari

Mohammad Zohari (محمد زهری) (1926–1995) was an Iranian poet and writer.

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Mohammad-Javad Larijani

Mohammad-Javad Larijani (محمدجواد لاریجانی) is an Iranian conservative politician, mathematical logician and former diplomat.

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Mohsen Bengar

Mohsen Bengar (محسن بنگر, born 6 July 1979 in Nowshahr) is an Iranian Football Defender who currently plays for Naft Tehran in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Mohsen Emadi

Mohsen Emadi (محسن عمادی) (born October 29, 1976) is an award-winning Iranian poet, translator and filmmaker.

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Mohsen Karimi

Seyed Mohsen Karimi Kiyasari (سید محسن کریمی کیاسری, born 20 September 1994 in Sari) is an Iranian professional footballer who currently plays for Esteghlal in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Mohsen Yousefi (footballer, born 1984)

Mohsen Yousefi (محسن یوسفی, born May 26, 1984) is an Iranian footballer who plays for Padideh in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Mojtaba Abedini

Mojtaba Abedini Shourmasti (مجتبی عابدینی شورمستی; born 11 August 1984) is an Iranian sabre fencer.

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Mojtaba Mirzajanpour

Mojtaba Mirzajanpour Muziraji (مجتبی میرزاجانپور موزیرجی, born 7 October 1991) is an Iranian volleyball player, a member of the Iranian national team and Serie A1 club BCC Castellana Grotte.

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Mokarrameh Ghanbari

Mokarrameh Ghanbari (مکرمه قنبری, born in 1928 – died October 24, 2005) was a self-taught Iranian painter who won several international art awards.

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Morad Mohammadi

Seyed Morad Mohammadi Pahnehkalaei (سید مراد محمدی پهنه کلایی., born April 9, 1980 in Sari, Mazandaran) is an Iranian wrestler and an Olympic bronze medalist who competed in the 2006 Asian Games in the 60 kg division and won the gold medal.

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Morteza Gholi Khan Hedayat

Morteza Gholi Khan, Sani-ol Douleh (مرتضی‌قلی‌خان صنیع‌الدوله; 1856–1911) of the Hedayat family, son of Ali Gholi Khan (Mokhber-ol Douleh), was an Iranian politician and first chairman of the Iranian parliament.

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Morteza Mehrzad

Morteza Mehrzad Selakjani is an Iranian male paralympic sitting volleyball player, playing as an outside hitter.

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Morteza Pouraliganji

Morteza Pouraliganji (مرتضی پورعلی‌گنجی; born 19 April 1992) is an Iranian professional footballer who plays for Al Sadd.

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Moslem Bahadori

Moslem Bahadori (مسلم بهادری) (born 1927 in Mazandaran, Tonekabon, Iran) is a contemporary Iranian medical scientist, distinguished pathologist and a university lecturer.

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Mostafa Zamani

Mostafa Zamani (مصطفی زمانی; born 20 June 1982) is an Iranian actor.

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Mount Damavand

Mount Damavand (دماوند), a potentially active volcano, is a stratovolcano which is the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia; the Kunlun Volcanic Group in Tibet is higher than Damāvand, but are not considered to be volcanic mountains.

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Mount Takht-e Suleyman

Takhte Soleyman or Takht-e Suleyman (تخت سلیمان) is a mountain in the Takht-e Suleyman Massif, Alborz mountain range, north of Iran.

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Mousa Nabipour

Mousa Nabipour (موسی نبی پور., born August 14, 1983 in Behshahr) is an Iranian professional basketball player, currently playing as a center for Azad University Tehran in the Iranian Basketball Super League.

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Muhammad ibn Mahmud Amuli

Muhammad ibn Mahmud al-Amuli was a medieval Persian physician from Amol, Iran.

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Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes or Rasis) (854–925 CE), was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine.

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Muhammad Taqi Amoli

Muhammad Taqi Amoli (1887-1971) was an Iranian Shiite jurist, philosopher and mystic.

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Musa ibn Khalil Mazandarani

Musā ibn Khalil ibn Taghi ibn Jafar ibn Mohammad Ebrāhim Māzandarāni (Persian: موسی بن خلیل بن تقی بن جعفر بن محمد ابراهیم مازندرانی), Persian scribe and scholar of nineteenth century Persia.

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Nader Shah

Nader Shah Afshar (نادر شاه افشار; also known as Nader Qoli Beyg نادر قلی بیگ or Tahmāsp Qoli Khan تهماسپ قلی خان) (August 1688 – 19 June 1747) was one of the most powerful Iranian rulers in the history of the nation, ruling as Shah of Persia (Iran) from 1736 to 1747 when he was assassinated during a rebellion.

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Nassereddin Shah relief

The Nassereddin Shah relief known as Shekl Shah and Shekl-e Shah (شکل شاه) is a rock relief commissioned by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar around 1879, showing the shah on horseback flanked by ten standing ministers.

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Neka

Neka (نكا, also Romanized as Nekā’ and Nekā; also known as Nīkā; formerly, Nāranj Bāgh) is a city and capital of Neka County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Nima Alamian

Nima Alamian (born in Babol, (Persian)) is an Iranian table tennis player.

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Nima Yooshij

Nimā Yushij (نیما یوشیج) (November 11, 1897 – January 3, 1960), also called Nimā (نیما), born Ali Esfandiāri (علی اسفندیاری), was a contemporary Persian and Tabarian poet who started the she'r-e now (شعر نو, "new poetry") also known as she'r-e nimaa'i (شعر نیمایی, "Nimaic poetry") trend in Iran.

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Noshad Alamian

Noshad Alamian Darounkolaei (نوشاد عالمیان درونكلایی, born 21 November 1991 in Babol) is an Iranian table tennis player.

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Noshahr Airport

Noshahr Airport is an airport in Noshahr, Iran.

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Noureddin Kianouri

Dr.

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Nur County

Nur County (شهرستان نور) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran.

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Nur, Iran

Nur (Nursar, formerly, Suldeh) is a city and capital of Nur County, located on the Caspian Sea in Mazandaran Province of northern Iran.

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Olympic weightlifting

Weightlifting, also called '''Olympic-style weightlifting''', or Olympic weightlifting, is an athletic discipline in the modern Olympic programme in which the athlete attempts a maximum-weight single lift of a barbell loaded with weight plates.

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Omar Tiberiades

Omar Tiberiades or Abû Hafs 'Umar ibn Farrukhân Tabarî (d. ca. 815), (Persian ابن فرخان طبری) was a Medieval Persian astrologer and architect from Tabaristan.

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Omid Alishah

Omid Alishah (امید عالیشاهl born January 10, 1992) is an Iranian Footballer who plays for Persepolis in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Omid Ebrahimi

Omid Ebrahimi Zarandini (born 16 September 1987) is an Iranian footballer who currently plays for Esteghlal.

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Paduspanids

The Paduspanids or Baduspanids (Persian: پادوسبانیان) were a local dynasty of Tabaristan which ruled over Royan, Nur and Rostamdar.

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Pahlavi dynasty

The Pahlavi dynasty (دودمان پهلوی) was the ruling house of the imperial state of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.

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Parinaz Izadyar

Parinaz Izadyar (پریناز ایزدیار., born 30 August 1985) is an Iranian actress.

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Parisa

Parisā (Parisā.) is a Persian classical singer, Avaz master, and one of the foremost female vocalists from Iran and most revered classical singers.

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Parthian Empire

The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran and Iraq.

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Parviz Natel-Khanlari

Parviz Natel Khanlari (1914 in Tehran, Iran – August 23, 1990 in Tehran) (پرویز ناتل خانلری), was an Iranian literary scholar, linguist, author, researcher and professor at Tehran University.

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Peoples of the Caucasus

This article deals with the various ethnic groups inhabiting the Caucasus region.

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Persian Gulf Pro League

The Persian Gulf Pro League (لیگ برتر خلیج فارس), formerly known as the Iran Pro League (لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران), is the highest division of professional football in Iran.

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Persian people

The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.

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Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

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Peyman Hosseini

Seyed Peyman Hosseini (born 16 February 1984) is an Iranian beach soccer player who plays for Shahriar Sari in the Iran Premier Beach Soccer League.

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Pietro Della Valle

Pietro della Valle (2 April 1586 – 21 April 1652) was an Italian composer, musicologist, and author who traveled throughout Asia during the Renaissance period.

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Pol Sefid, Mazandaran

Pol-e Sefid (پل سفيد, also Romanized as Pol-e Sefīd and Pol Sefid, literately White Bridge) is a city in the Central District of Savadkuh County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Pooran Farrokhzad

Pooran Farrokhzad or Puran Farokhzad (Persian: پوران فرخزاد, February 1933 – December 29, 2016) was an Iranian writer, poet, playwright, and encyclopedist.

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Provinces of Iran

Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (استان Ostān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province.

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Qaem Shahr

Qaem Shahr (قائم‌شهر, also Romanized as Qā’em Shahr; formerly known as Shāhi (Persian: Ŝāhi) is a city and capital of Qaem Shahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population is 300,000, in 48,055 families. Originally known as Aliyabad, the name Ŝâhi (Shāhi) was used until the Iranian Revolution in 1979 when the city acquired its current name. The city is situated north-east of Tehran; southeast of Babol; and south west of Sari which is the capital of Mazandaran province. In 1951, Qa'em Shahr's population was around 18,000, growing to 123,684 in 1991. The city has a lot of problems with the growing population. Although the maze of Seyyed Mahalleh has kept its old shape, the old houses with gardens are replaced with apartment buildings. The roads are still too small, especially in the center of the town, and the rest of the infrastructure does not match the need. World and Olympic champion weightlifter Behdad Salimi hails from Qaem Shahr, as well as Mansour Sadeghi, guitar teacher, composer and singer of pop music. The city is where the North Iranian railway quits the fertile plains of Mazandaran to cross the highest mountain range of the Middle East, the Elburz.

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Qazvin Province

The Qazvin Province (استان قزوین, Ostān-e Qazvīn) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.

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Quddús

Jináb-i-Quddús (قدوس)(c.1820–1849), is the title of Mullá Muḥammad ‘Alí-i-Bárfurúshi, who was the most prominent disciple of the Báb.

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Rahimberdi Annamoradnejad

Rahimberdi Annamoradnejad (Persian: رحيم‌بردي انامرادنژاد) (born 1961) is an Iranian urban planner.

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Rahman Ahmadi

Rahman Ahmadi (رحمان احمدی, born 30 July 1980 in Noshahr, Iran) is an Iranian goalkeeper who currently plays for Pars Jonoubi in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Rahman Rezaei

Rahman Rezaei (رحمان رضايی., born 20 February 1975 in Noor, Mazandaran) is an Iranian retired football player and coach.

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Rallying

Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars.

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Ramezan Kheder

Ramezan Kheder (رمضان خدر, April 10, 1944 – 1999) was an Iranian freestyle wrestler who won a silver medal at the 1974 World Championships.

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Ramin Rezaeian

Ramin Rezaeian Semeskandi (رامین رضاییان; born 21 March 1990) is an Iranian footballer who currently plays for Ostende and the Iran national football team.

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Ramsar Convention

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.

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Ramsar International Airport

Ramsar International Airport (فرودگاه بین المللی رامسر) is an international airport in Ramsar, Mazandaran province, Iran.

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Ramsar Palace

The Ramsar Palace is one of the historic buildings and royal residences in Iran.

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Ramsar, Mazandaran

Ramsar (رامسر, also Romanized as Rāmsar and Rānsar; formerly, Sakht Sar) is the capital of Ramsar County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Regions of Iran

Iran has been divided into regions in a number of different ways historically.

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Reza Allamehzadeh

Reza Allamehzadeh (رضا علامه‌زاده) is an Iranian-born Dutch filmmaker, film critic and writer who lives in the Netherlands.

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Reza Salehi Amiri

Reza Salehi Amiri (رضا صالحی امیری) is an Iranian politician and former intelligence officer who is currently President of National Olympic Committee of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Reza Shah

Reza Shah Pahlavi (رضا شاه پهلوی;; 15 March 1878 – 26 July 1944) was the Shah of Iran from 15 December 1925 until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran on 16 September 1941.

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Reza Sheykholeslam

Reza Sheykholeslam (رضا شیخ‌الاسلام) is an Iranian politician who is the former Minister of Cooperatives, Labour and Social Welfare.

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Reza Simkhah

Majid Reza Simkhah Asil (مجيدرضا سيمخواه اصيل, born 1 February 1970) is an Iranian wrestler.

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Reza Soukhteh-Saraei

Mohammad Reza Sokhtesaraie (محمد رضا سوخته سرايى, born 31 January 1950) is a retired Iranian super-heavyweight wrestler who competed both in freestyle and Greco-Roman divisions.

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Reza Yazdani

Reza Yazdani (رضا یزدانی., born August 25, 1984 in Juybar, Iran) nicknamed The Leopard of Juybar, is an Iranian wrestler and two time World Champion, who won Gold in the 2011 World Wrestling Championships and 2013 World Wrestling Championships in the 96 kg division.

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Reza-Qoli Khan Hedayat

Rezā Qoli Khān Hedāyat (Persian: رضاقُلی خانِ هدایت) (June 8, 1800 - June 29, 1871) was a Persian writer and poet, and tutor of Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Road 59 (Iran)

Road 59, also known as the Chalous Road (جاده چالوس) or Kandovan Road (جاده کندوان), is an important road for people of Tehran, a large number of whom drive to popular tourist attractions in the north of Iran on weekends and for holidays.

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Road 77 (Iran)

Road 77, also known as the Haraz Road, is one of the most important roads from Tehran to the northern mountains of Iran, and the Iranian coast on the southern Caspian Sea.

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Road 79 (Iran)

Road 79 is one of the major roads running north from Tehran, crossing over the Central Alborz mountain range, and down to the coast of the Caspian Sea in Iran.

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Rostam

Rostam or Rustam (رُستَم, pronounced) is the most celebrated legendary hero in Shahnameh and Iranian mythology.

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Roya Nonahali

Roya Nonahali (رویا نونهالی; born February 13, 1963) is an Iranian actress.

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Rudehen, Iran

Rudehen (رودهن, also Romanized as Rūdehen, Rūd-e Hen, and Rūdīān) is a city and capital of Rudehen District, in Damavand County, Tehran Province, Iran.

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Rus' people

The Rus (Русь, Ῥῶς) were an early medieval group, who lived in a large area of what is now Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other countries, and are the ancestors of modern East Slavic peoples.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)

The Russo-Persian War of 1722–1723, known in Russian historiography as the Persian campaign of Peter the Great, was a war between the Russian Empire and Safavid Iran, triggered by the tsar's attempt to expand Russian influence in the Caspian and Caucasus regions and to prevent its rival, the Ottoman Empire, from territorial gains in the region at the expense of declining Safavid Iran.

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Russo-Persian War (1804–13)

The 1804–1813 Russo-Persian War, was one of the many wars between the Persian Empire and Imperial Russia, and began like many of their wars as a territorial dispute.

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Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)

The Russo-Persian War of 1826–28 was the last major military conflict between the Russian Empire and Iran.

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Saba Kamali

Saba Kamali (صبا کمالی) is an Iranian actress.

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Sadegh Hedayat

Sadegh (also spelled as Sadeq) Hedayat (صادق هدایت; February 17, 1903 in Tehran – April 9, 1951 in Paris) was an Iranian writer, translator and intellectual.

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Sadeq Larijani

Sadeq Ardeshir Larijani (صادق اردشیر لاریجانی; born 12 March 1961), more known as Amoli Larijani (آملی لاریجانی), is an Iranian cleric, conservative politician and the current and fifth head of the judicial system of Iran after the 1979 revolution.

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Sahl ibn Bishr

Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael (c. 786–845 ?) was a Syriac Christian or Jewish astrologer, astronomer and mathematician from Tabaristan.

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Salm (Shahnameh)

Salm (سلم) is a character in the Persian epic Shahnameh.

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Sam Dastyari

Sam Dastyari (born Sahand Dastyari, سهند دستیاری; born 28 July 1983) is an Australian former politician, who from 2013 to 2018 represented New South Wales in the Australian Senate as a member of the Labor Party.

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Sangsari language

Sangsari or Sangisari is an Iranian language spoken mainly in the Semnan and Tehran provinces of Iran, especially in the Sangesar (Mahdi Shehr) town and in several surrounding villages.

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Sardar Rafie Yanehsari

Sardar Rafi’s dynasty was the local governing dynasties ruling from the beginning to the end of Qajar period in and Astarabad.

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Sari

A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.

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Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University

The Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University is a university in Iran.

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Sari County

Sari county (شهرستان ساری) is the capital of Mazandaran Province in Iran.

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Sari, Iran

Sari ((ساری); also Romanized as Sārī; also known as Shahr-i-Tajan and Shari-i-Tajan) is the provincial capital of Mazandaran and former capital of Iran (for a short period), located in the north of Iran, between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of the Caspian Sea.

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Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.

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Savadkuh County

Savadkuh County (also Savadkooh and Savadkouh)(Ŝahrestāne Sawādkuh) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran.

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Sedentism

In cultural anthropology, sedentism (sometimes called sedentariness; compare sedentarism) is the practice of living in one place for a long time.

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Semes Kandeh-ye Olya

Semes Kandeh-ye Olya (سمسكنده عليا, also Romanized as Semes Kandeh-ye ‘Olyā; also known as Semeskandeh, Semes Kandeh-ye Bālā, and Shas Kandeh) is a village in Miandorud-e Kuchak Rural District, in the Central District of Sari County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Semnan Province

Semnan Province (استان سمنان, Ostān-e Semnān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.

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Serkland

In Old Norse sources, such as sagas and runestones, Særkland or Serkland was the name of the Abbasid Caliphate and probably some neighbouring Muslim regions.

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Seyed Karim Amiri Firuzkuhi

Seyed Karim Amiri Firuzkuhi or Firozkohi (Persian: سید کریم امیری فیروزکوهی) was a renowned contemporary Iranian poet.

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Shah

Shah (Šāh, pronounced, "king") is a title given to the emperors, kings, princes and lords of Iran (historically also known as Persia).

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Shahab Gordan

Shahabeddin Gordan (شهاب گردان, born May 22, 1984 in Jooybar, Iran) is an Iranian Football Goalkeeper who currently plays for Sanat Naft in the Persian Gulf Pro League and the Iran national football team.

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Shahab Hosseini

Shahab Hosseini (شهاب حسینی., born 3 February 1974) is an Iranian actor and director.

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Shahandasht Waterfall

Shahandasht Waterfall, is a waterfall in Amol, Iran, and is near Shahan Dasht village 65 kilometers from Amol, next to the Haraz Road from Amol to Tehran.

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Shahnameh

The Shahnameh, also transliterated as Shahnama (شاهنامه, "The Book of Kings"), is a long epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between c. 977 and 1010 CE and is the national epic of Greater Iran.

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Shahrak-e Namak Abrud

Caspian Sea as seen from Namak Abrud aerial tramway Shahrak-e Namak Abrud (شهرك نمك ابرود, also Romanized as Shahrak-e Namak Ābrūd; also known as Namak Abrood, Namak Ābrūd, Namak Ābrūd Sar, and Namakrūd Sar) is a village in Kelarestan-e Gharbi Rural District, in the Central District of Chalus County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Shahrokh Meskoob

Shahrokh Meskoob (شاهرخ مسکوب) (January 11, 1924 in Babol, Iran – April 12, 2005 in Paris, France), was an Iranian writer, translator, scholar and university professor.

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Shamoushak Noshahr F.C.

Shemushack Noshahr is an Iranian football club based in Noshahr, Iran.

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Shamseddin Hosseini

Shamseddin Hosseini (born 1967) is an Iranian politician, who served as the minister of economic affairs and finance from 2008 to 2013.

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Shaykh Tabarsi

Abu Ali Fadhl ibn Hasan Tabresi (Persian/Arabic:ابو على فضل بن حسن طبرسى) known as Shaykh Tabarsi, was a 12th-century Persian Shia scholar who died in 548 AH (1153 CE).

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Sheys Rezaei

Sheys (seth) Rezaei Khonakdar (شيث رضایی خنکدار, born 21 March 1984 in Sari, Iran) is an Iranian footballer and singer.

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Shoja' Khalilzadeh

Shoja' Khalilzadeh (شجاع خلیل زاده.) is an Iranian footballer who is currently playing for Persepolis in the Persian Gulf Pro League.

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Shomal University

Shomal University was founded in 1995 and is the biggest private university in Iran.

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Shur Mast

Shur Mast (شورمست, also Romanized as Shūr Mast) is a village in Rastupey Rural District, in the Central District of Savadkuh County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Shusha Guppy

Shushā Guppy (شوشا (شمسی) گوپی), née Shamsi Assār (شمسی عصار)(D, 24 December 1935 – 21 March 2008), was a writer, editor and, under the name of "Shusha", a singer of Persian and Western folk songs.

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Silk

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Simin Ghanem

Simin Ghanem (Persian: سیمین غانم‌) (born 1944, Tonekabon, Iran) is an Iranian classical and pop singer.

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Sohrab Entezari

Sohrab Entezari (سهراب انتظاری) born April 21, 1977 in Babol, Mazandaran, Iran is a retired Iranian footballer.

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Soltan Mohammad-e Taher

Soltan Mohammad-e Taher (سلطان محمدطاهر, also Romanized as Solţān Moḩammad-e Ţāher; also known as Emāmzādeh Solţān Moḩammad-e Ţāher) is a village in Feyziyeh Rural District, in the Central District of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.

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Sousan Hajipour

Sousan Hajipour Goli (سوسن حاجی‌پور گلی‌, born 28 September 1990 in Babol) is an Iranian taekwondo practitioner.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Svat Soucek

Svat Soucek (full name: Svatopluk Souček) is a compiler and author of works in relation to Central Asia, and Central Asian studies.

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Syyed Abdul Karim Hashemi Nejad

Seyyed Abdul Karim Hashemi Nejad (سید عبدالکریم هاشمی‌نژاد) was an Iranian dissident cleric of the Pahlavi regime who was assassinated after the revolution of 1357.

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Tabaristan

Tabaristan (from Middle Persian:, Tapurstān), also known as Tapuria (land of Tapurs), was the name applied to Mazandaran, a province in northern Iran.

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Table tennis

Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small bats.

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Taekwondo

Taekwondo (from Korean 태권도, 跆拳道) is a Korean martial art, characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.

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Taleb Amoli

Sayyid Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Taleb Amoli or Talib Amuli and Talib Amoli (طالب آملی, also aka Ashub, Talib, Taleba and Malek Al Shoara Taleb) (b. Mazandaran 994 - d. India 1036) Iranian Tabari poet was early 17th century.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Tehran

Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

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Tehran Province

Tehran Province (استان تهران Ostān-e Tehrān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.

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Textile

A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).

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Theology

Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.

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Tirgan

Tirgan (تیرگان, Tirgān), is a mid summer Iranian festival, celebrated annually on Tir 13 (July 2, 3, or 4).

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Tobacco

Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

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Tomb of Haydar Amuli

The Tomb of Haydar Amuli or Mir Heydar Amoli Tomb Tower and Monument Seyyed Se Tan is the burial place of Haydar Amuli, the Iranian Mystic and Philosopher.

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Tonekabon

Shahsavar (تنكابن, also Romanized as Tonekābon; formerly known as Shahsavar (Persian: شَهسَوار), also Romanized as Shahsavār and Shahsawār) is a city and capital of Tonekabon County, Mazandaran Province, northern Iran.

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Tonekabon County

Tonekabon County (شهرستان تنکابن) is a county in Mazandaran Province in Iran.

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Towhidi Tabari

Towhidi Maloun (علی توحیدی طبری., Mazandarani:علی توحیدی طبری Tawhidi Maloun; born 15 June 1964) is an Iranian artist.

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Tunakabuni

Muḥammad Mu’min ibn Mīr Muḥammad Zamān Tunakābunī (محمد مؤمن بن میر محمد زمان تنکابنی) was a 17th-century Persian physician from Mazandaran.

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Tur (Shahnameh)

Tur (تور) is a character in the Persian epic Shahnameh.

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Umayyad Caliphate

The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.

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University of Mazandaran

University of Mazandaran is a university located in Mazandaran Province of Iran, headquartered in the city of Babolsar.

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Vasily Bartold

Vasily Vladimirovich Bartold (Васи́лий Влади́мирович Барто́льд, Wasilij Władimirowicz Bartołd, Wilhelm Barthold, also known as Wilhelm Barthold; – 19 August 1930) was a Russian Empire and Soviet historian of German descent who specialized in the history of Islam and the Turkic peoples (Turkology).

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Vegetable

Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

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Veresk Bridge

The Veresk bridge (Persian: پل ورسک) is a masonry arch bridge in northern Iran.

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Volga trade route

In the Middle Ages, the Volga trade route connected Northern Europe and Northwestern Russia with the Caspian Sea, via the Volga River.

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Volleyball

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net.

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Yahya ibn Abi Mansur

Yahya ibn Abi Mansur (یحیی ابن ابی منصور), was a senior Persian official from the Banu al-Munajjim family, who served as an astronomer/astrologer at the court of Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun.

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Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari

Yasubedin Rastegar Jooybari (Persian: يعسوب الدين رستگار جويباري) (born 1927) is an Iranian Twelver Shi'a cleric and a Grand Ayatollah.

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Yazdegerd III

Yazdegerd III or Yazdgerd III (literally meaning "made by God"; New Persian: یزدگرد; Izdegerdes in classical sources), was the thirty-eighth and last king of the Sasanian Empire of Iran from 632 to 651.

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Zahir al-Din Mar'ashi

Zahir al-Din Mar'ashi (ظهیرالدین مرعشی) was a Persian commander, diplomat and historian.

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Zāl

Zāl (زال) is a legendary Iranian king from Sistan, and is recognized as one of the greatest warriors of the Shahnameh epic.

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Ziyarid dynasty

The Ziyarid dynasty (زیاریان) was an Iranian dynasty of Gilaki origin that ruled Tabaristan from 930 to 1090.

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Hyrcanian civilization, Mazandaran, Mazandaran province, Mazandarani Dance, Mazandarani dance, Mazanderan, Mazanderan Province, Mazandran, Mazenderan, Mazenderan province, Mázandarán, Māzandarān, Māzandarān Province, Ostān-e Māzandarān, Shirgha.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mazandaran_Province

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