115 relations: Amsterdam criteria, Anatomy, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek, Association (psychology), Babylonia, Blood test, Brill Publishers, Cause (medicine), Centor criteria, Chiropractic, Classification rule, Clinical case definition, Clinical decision support system, Clinician, Comorbidity, Computer-aided diagnosis, Correlation and dependence, Dementia, Dentist, Diagnosis, Diagnosis code, Diagnosis of exclusion, Diagnosis-related group, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Differential diagnosis, Disease, Doctor's visit, Dual diagnosis, Edwin Smith Papyrus, Empiricism, Erythema, Esagil-kin-apli, Etiology, Floruit, Gait, Greenstick fracture, Health professional, Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, Hippocrates, Homeostasis, Huangdi Neijing, Hypothesis, Imhotep, Incidental medical findings, Indication (medicine), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Latin, List of diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry, List of disorders, ..., List of medical abbreviations: D, List of medical symptoms, Lists of diseases, Logic, Magnetic resonance imaging, McDonald criteria, Medical algorithm, Medical classification, Medical diagnosis, Medical error, Medical history, Medical imaging, Medical record, Medical sign, Medical test, Medicalization, Medicine, Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, Monitoring (medicine), Multiple sclerosis, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Nosology, Nurse practitioner, Nursing diagnosis, Optical coherence tomography, Optometry, Outline of health sciences, Overdiagnosis, Palpation, Pathogen, Pathogenesis, Pathognomonicity, Pathology, Pattern recognition, Physical examination, Physician, Physician assistant, Physiology, Podiatrist, Pouchitis, Prediction, Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, Prenatal testing, Presenting problem, Process of elimination, Prognosis, Psychology, Radiology, Rare disease, Rationality, Reactive hypoglycemia, Remote diagnostics, Retrospective diagnosis, Salutogenesis, Self-diagnosis, Sensitivity and specificity, Skin, Statistics, Streptococcal pharyngitis, Symptom, Tablet (pharmacy), Telemedicine, Traditional Chinese medicine, Unnecessary health care, Wastebasket diagnosis. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
The Amsterdam criteria are a set of diagnostic criteria used by doctors to help identify families which are likely to have Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Association in psychology refers to a mental connection between concepts, events, or mental states that usually stems from specific experiences.
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).
A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
Cause, also known as etiology and aetiology, is the reason or origination of something.
The Centor criteria are a set of criteria which may be used to identify the likelihood of a bacterial infection in adult patients complaining of a sore throat.
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.
Given a population whose members each belong to one of a number of different sets or classes, a classification rule or classifier is a procedure by which the elements of the population set are each predicted to belong to one of the classes.
In epidemiology, a clinical case definition, a clinical definition, or simply a case definition lists the clinical criteria by which public health professionals determine whether a person's illness is included as a case in an outbreak investigation—that is, whether a person is considered directly affected by an outbreak.
A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is a health information technology system that is designed to provide physicians and other health professionals with clinical decision support (CDS), that is, assistance with clinical decision-making tasks.
A clinician is a health care professional that works as a primary care giver of a patient in a hospital, skilled nursing facility, clinic, or patient's home.
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary disease or disorder; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional disorder or disease.
Computer-aided detection (CADe), also called computer-aided diagnosis (CADx), are systems that assist doctors in the interpretation of medical images.
In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.
Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a surgeon who specializes in dentistry, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.
Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
In health care, diagnosis codes are used as a tool to group and identify diseases, disorders, symptoms, poisonings, adverse effects of drugs & chemicals, injuries and other reasons for patient encounters.
A diagnosis of exclusion (per exclusionem) is a diagnosis of a medical condition reached by a process of elimination, which may be necessary if presence cannot be established with complete confidence from history, examination or testing.
Diagnosis-related group (DRG) is a system to classify hospital cases into one of originally 467 groups, with the last group (coded as 470 through v24, 999 thereafter) being "Ungroupable".
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
A doctor's visit, also known as "physician office visit" or "ward round", is a meeting between a patient with a physician to get health advice or treatment for a symptom or condition.
Dual diagnosis (also called co-occurring disorders, COD, or dual pathology) is the condition of suffering from a mental illness and a comorbid substance abuse problem.
The Edwin Smith Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian medical text, named after the dealer who bought it in 1862, and the oldest known surgical treatise on trauma.
In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience.
Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.
Esagil-kin-apli was the ummânū, or chief scholar, of Babylonian king Adad-apla-iddina, 1067–1046 BC, as he appears on the Uruk List of Sages and ScholarsW 20030,7 the Seleucid List of Sages and Scholars,” obverse line 16, recovered from Anu’s Bīt Rēš temple during the 1959/60 excavation.
Etiology (alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination.
Floruit, abbreviated fl. (or occasionally, flor.), Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active.
Gait is the pattern of movement of the limbs of animals, including humans, during locomotion over a solid substrate.
A greenstick fracture is a fracture in a young, soft bone in which the bone bends and breaks.
A health professional, health practitioner or healthcare provider (sometimes simply "provider") is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic condition that has a high risk of colon cancer as well as other cancers including endometrial cancer (second most common), ovary, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary tract, upper urinary tract, brain, and skin.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Homeostasis is the tendency of organisms to auto-regulate and maintain their internal environment in a stable state.
Huangdi Neijing, literally the Inner Canon of the Yellow Emperor or Esoteric Scripture of the Yellow Emperor, is an ancient Chinese medical text that has been treated as the fundamental doctrinal source for Chinese medicine for more than two millennia.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Imhotep (Egyptian: ỉỉ-m-ḥtp *jā-im-ḥātap, in Unicode hieroglyphs: 𓇍𓅓𓊵:𓏏*𓊪, "the one who comes in peace"; fl. late 27th century BC) was an Egyptian chancellor to the pharaoh Djoser, probable architect of the step pyramid, and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis.
Incidental findings are previously undiagnosed medical or psychiatric conditions that are discovered unintentionally and during evaluation for a medical or psychiatric condition.
In medicine, an indication is a valid reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery.
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The following diagnostic systems and rating scales are used in psychiatry and clinical psychology.
A list of types of disorders.
Category:Lists of medical abbreviations.
Medical symptoms are complaints which indicate disease.
A medical condition is a broad term that includes all diseases and disorders.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
The McDonald criteria are diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS).
A medical algorithm is any computation, formula, statistical survey, nomogram, or look-up table, useful in healthcare.
Medical classification, or medical coding, is the process of transforming descriptions of medical diagnoses and procedures into universal medical code numbers.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
A medical error is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient.
The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
The terms medical record, health record, and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction.
A medical sign is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a patient or anyone, especially a physician, before or during a physical examination of a patient.
A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.
Medicalization or medicalisation (see spelling differences) is the process by which human conditions and problems come to be defined and treated as medical conditions, and thus become the subject of medical study, diagnosis, prevention, or treatment.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, referred to as The Merck Manual, is the world's best-selling medical textbook, and the oldest continuously published English language medical textbook.
In medicine, monitoring is the observation of a disease, condition or one or several medical parameters over time.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
Nosology is a classification scheme used in medicine to classify diseases.
Nurse practitioners are healthcare professionals educated and trained to provide health promotion and maintenance through the diagnosis and treatment of acute illness and chronic conditions.
A nursing diagnosis may be part of the nursing process and is a clinical judgment about individual, family, or community experiences/responses to actual or potential health problems/life processes.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that uses coherent light to capture micrometer-resolution, two- and three-dimensional images from within optical scattering media (e.g., biological tissue).
Optometry is a health care profession which involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to health sciences: Health sciences – are applied sciences that address the use of science, technology, engineering or mathematics in the delivery of healthcare to human beings.
Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of "disease" that will never cause symptoms or death during a patient's ordinarily expected lifetime.
Palpation is the process of using one's hands to check the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
The pathogenesis of a disease is the biological mechanism (or mechanisms) that leads to the diseased state.
Pathognomonic (rarely spelled pathognomic and sometimes misspelled as pathomnemonic) is a term, often used in medicine, that means characteristic for a particular disease.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Pattern recognition is a branch of machine learning that focuses on the recognition of patterns and regularities in data, although it is in some cases considered to be nearly synonymous with machine learning.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
A physician assistant (US/Canada) or physician associate (UK) is a healthcare professional who practices medicine as a part of a healthcare team with collaborating physicians and other providers.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
A podiatrist, also known as a podiatric physician (/poʊˈdaɪətrɪst/ poh-dye-eh-trist) or "foot and ankle surgeon", is a medical doctor devoted to the study and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity.
Pouchitis is inflammation of the ileal pouch (an artificial rectum surgically created out of ileal gut tissue in patients who have undergone a colectomy), which is created in the management of patients with ulcerative colitis, indeterminate colitis, FAP, or, rarely, other colitides.
A prediction (Latin præ-, "before," and dicere, "to say"), or forecast, is a statement about a future event.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD or PIGD) is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation (as a form of embryo profiling), and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization.
Prenatal testing consists of prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis, which are aspects of prenatal care that focus on detecting problems with the pregnancy as early as possible.
The chief complaint, formally known as CC in the medical field, or termed presenting complaint (PC) in the UK, forms the second step of medical history taking, and is a concise statement describing the symptom, problem, condition, diagnosis, physician recommended return, or other factor that is the reason for a medical encounter.
Process of elimination is a method to identify an entity of interest among several ones by excluding all other entities.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Radiology is the science that uses medical imaging to diagnose and sometimes also treat diseases within the body.
A rare disease is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
Reactive hypoglycemia, postprandial hypoglycemia, or sugar crash is a term describing recurrent episodes of symptomatic hypoglycemia occurring within 4 hours"Hypoglycemia." It can also be referred to as "sugar crash" or "glucose crash." National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, October 2008.
Remote diagnostics is the act of diagnosing a given symptom, issue or problem from a distance.
A retrospective diagnosis (also retrodiagnosis or posthumous diagnosis) is the practice of identifying an illness after the death of the patient (sometimes in a historical figure) using modern knowledge, methods and disease classifications.
Salutogenesis is a term coined by Aaron Antonovsky,Antonovsky, A. "Health, Stress and Coping" San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1979 a professor of medical sociology.
Self-diagnosis is the process of diagnosing, or identifying, medical conditions in oneself.
Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS).
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
A tablet is a pharmaceutical dosage form.
Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
Unnecessary health care (overutilization, overuse, or overtreatment) is healthcare provided with a higher volume or cost than is appropriate.
A wastebasket diagnosis or trashcan diagnosis is a vague diagnosis given to a patient or to medical records department for essentially non-medical reasons.
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