72 relations: Arcus senilis, Ascites, Auscultation, Biomarker, Biopsy, Blood pressure, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Clifford Allbutt, Cough, Cystic fibrosis, Death rattle, Diagnosis, Erythema, Fatigue, Fever, Focal neurologic signs, Gait (human), Gynecomastia, Hemoptysis, Henry Stubbe, Hepatosplenomegaly, Hermann von Helmholtz, Hippocratic face, Hyperlipidemia, Hypersalivation, Hypertension, In vivo, Indication (medicine), Jaundice, Jean-Nicolas Corvisart, John Forbes (physician), John Hutchinson (surgeon), Leopold Auenbrugger, List of eponymously named medical signs, Lung volumes, Lymphadenopathy, Medical diagnosis, Medical findings, Medical history, Medical test, Medical thermometer, Nail clubbing, Objectivity (science), Ophthalmoscopy, Palmar erythema, Paresthesia, Pathognomonicity, Patient, Percussion (medicine), Physical examination, ..., Physician, Prognosis, Radiologic sign, Radiology, René Laennec, Robert Koch, Sarcoidosis, Scipione Riva-Rocci, Semiotics, Sensitivity and specificity, Sphygmomanometer, Spirometer, Spirometry, Splenomegaly, Stethoscope, Symptom, Tibia, Tuberculosis, Weight loss, Wilhelm Röntgen, X-ray, Xanthoma. Expand index (22 more) » « Shrink index
Arcus senilis is an old age syndrome where there is a white, grey, or blue opaque ring in the corneal margin (peripheral corneal opacity), or white ring in front of the periphery of the iris.
Ascites is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen.
Auscultation (based on the Latin verb auscultare "to listen") is listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope.
A biomarker, or biological marker, generally refers to a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.
A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon, interventional radiologist, or an interventional cardiologist involving extraction of sample cells or tissues for examination to determine the presence or extent of a disease.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow.
Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (20 July 183622 February 1925) was an English physician best known for his role as commissioner for lunacy in England and Wales 1889-1892, president of the British Medical Association 1920, inventing the clinical thermometer, and supporting Sir William Osler in founding the History of Medicine Society.
A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring, protective reflex, which helps to clear the large breathing passages from fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine.
Terminal respiratory secretions (or simply terminal secretions),, known colloquially as a death rattle, are sounds often produced by someone who is near death as a result of fluids such as saliva and bronchial secretions accumulating in the throat and upper chest.
Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Focal neurologic signs also known as focal neurological deficits or focal CNS signs are impairments of nerve, spinal cord, or brain function that affects a specific region of the body, e.g. weakness in the left arm, the right leg, paresis, or plegia.
Human gait refers to locomotion achieved through the movement of human limbs.
Gynecomastia is an endocrine system disorder in which a noncancerous increase in the size of male breast tissue occurs.
Hemoptysis is the coughing up of blood or blood-stained mucus from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs.
Henry Stubbe or Stubbes (1632–1676) was an English physician, writer and scholar.
Hepatosplenomegaly (commonly abbreviated HSM) is the simultaneous enlargement of both the liver (hepatomegaly) and the spleen (splenomegaly).
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions in several scientific fields.
The Hippocratic face (facies Hippocratica) is the change produced in the face by impending death or long illness, excessive evacuations, excessive hunger, and the like.
Hyperlipidemia is abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.
Hypersalivation (also called ptyalism or sialorrhea) is excessive production of saliva.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.
In medicine, an indication is a valid reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery.
Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.
Jean-Nicolas Corvisart-Desmarets (15 February 1755 – 18 September 1821) was a French physician.
Sir John Forbes FRCP FRS (17 December 1787 – 13 November 1861) was a distinguished Scottish physician, famous for his translation of the classic French medical text De L'Auscultation Mediate by René Laennec, the inventor of the stethoscope.
John Hutchinson (1811–1861) invented the spirometer, a device for measuring lung capacity.
Josef Leopold Auenbrugger or Avenbrugger (19 November 1722 – 17 May 1809), also known as Leopold von Auenbrugger, was the Austrian physician who invented percussion as a diagnostic technique.
Eponymous medical signs are those that are named after a person or persons, usually the physicians who first described them, but occasionally named after a famous patient.
Lung volumes and lung capacities refer to the volume of air associated with different phases of the respiratory cycle.
Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
Medical findings will signify the collective physical and psychological occurrences of patients surveyed by a medical doctor.
The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.
A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.
A medical thermometer is used for measuring human or animal body temperature.
Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs.
Objectivity in science is a value that informs how science is practiced and how scientific truths are discovered.
Ophthalmoscopy, also called funduscopy, is a test that allows a health professional to see inside the fundus of the eye and other structures using an ophthalmoscope (or funduscope).
Palmar erythema is reddening of the palms at the thenar and hypothenar eminences.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.
Pathognomonic (rarely spelled pathognomic and sometimes misspelled as pathomnemonic) is a term, often used in medicine, that means characteristic for a particular disease.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.
Percussion is a method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structure, and is used in clinical examinations to assess the condition of the thorax or abdomen.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).
A radiologic sign is an objective indication of some medical fact (that is, a medical sign) that is detected by a physician during radiologic examination with medical imaging (for example, via an X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, or sonographic scan).
Radiology is the science that uses medical imaging to diagnose and sometimes also treat diseases within the body.
René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (17 February 1781 – 13 August 1826) was a French physician.
Robert Heinrich Hermann Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a German physician and microbiologist.
Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.
Scipione Riva Rocci (7 August 1863 in Almese, Piedmont – 15 March 1937 in Rapallo, Liguria) was an Italian internist, pathologist and pediatrician.
Semiotics (also called semiotic studies) is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.
A sphygmomanometer, also known as a blood pressure meter, blood pressure monitor, or blood pressure gauge, is a device used to measure blood pressure, composed of an inflatable cuff to collapse and then release the artery under the cuff in a controlled manner, and a mercury or mechanical manometer to measure the pressure.
A spirometer is an apparatus for measuring the volume of air inspired and expired by the lungs.
Spirometry (meaning the measuring of breath) is the most common of the pulmonary function tests (PFTs).
Splenomegaly is an enlargement of the spleen.
The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
The tibia (plural tibiae or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger, stronger, and anterior (frontal) of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula, behind and to the outside of the tibia), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
A xanthoma (pl. xanthomas or xanthomata) (condition: xanthomatosis),, is a deposition of yellowish cholesterol-rich material that can appear anywhere in the body in various disease states.