138 relations: Abiotic component, Achillea, Adelaide, Adenostoma fasciculatum, Aesculus californica, Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Algiers, Andes, Argentina, Artemisia californica, Athens, Australia, Azores, İzmir, Balmaceda, Chile, Banksia, Barcelona, Beirut, Biome, Biotic component, Bureau of Meteorology, California, Canary Islands, Cape Town, Carex, Casablanca, Cascade Range, Central Asia, Central Chile, Channel Islands (California), Chaparral, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Chile, Chilean Matorral, Common fig, Corsica, Cultivar, Cypress, Desert, Desert climate, Dietes, Diurnal temperature variation, Drought, Dushanbe, Eleusis, Equator, Erica, Fires, Flood, Fynbos, ..., Galicia (Spain), Garrigue, Grape, Haleakalā, Halimium, Helichrysum, Iberian Peninsula, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Iran, Iraq, Island, Jerusalem, Juan Fernández Islands, Juglans californica, Juncaceae, Köppen climate classification, Klamath Mountains, Kwongan, Laurus nobilis, Lavandula, Levant, Lisbon, List of California native plants, Los Angeles, Madeira, Mallee Woodlands and Shrublands, Maquis shrubland, Marseille, Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub, Mediterranean Sea, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New Zealand, Oak, Oceanic climate, Olive, Olympic Mountains, Oregon, Overberg, Oxnard Plain, Pacific Northwest, Pedro de Valdivia, Penstemon, Perth, Pine, Platanus racemosa, Porto, Portugal, Precipitation, Protea, Proteaceae, Renosterveld, Restionaceae, Rome, Rosemary, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco, Santiago, Sclerophyll, Semi-arid climate, Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Snow, South Africa, South Australia, Southern California, Spain, Species, Subtropical ridge, Subtropics, Tashkent, Temperature, Themeda triandra, Trewartha climate classification, Tropical savanna climate, Tunis, United States, Upwelling, Urban sprawl, Valencia, Vancouver Island, Vegetation, Washington (state), Western Asia, Western Australia, Wet season, Wheat, Wildfire, World Meteorological Organization. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
In biology and ecology, abiotic components or abiotic factors are non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems.
Achillea is a group of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1753.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Adenostoma fasciculatum (chamise or greasewood) is a flowering plant native to Oregon, Nevada, California, and northern Baja California.
Aesculus californica, commonly known as the California buckeye or California horse-chestnut, is a species of buckeye native to California and southwestern Oregon.
Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, AEMET (translated from Spanish as the State Meteorological Agency) is Spain's meteorological agency operating under the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Artemisia californica, also known as California sagebrush, is a species of western North American shrubs in the sunflower family.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
Balmaceda is a Chilean village (aldea) located south east of Coyhaique in Aysén Region.
Banksia, commonly known as Australian honeysuckles, are a genus of around 170 species in the plant family Proteaceae.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
Biotic components or biotic factors, can be described as any living component that affects another organism, or shapes the ecosystem.
The Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) is an Executive Agency of the Australian Government responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Carex is a vast genus of more than 2,000 species of grassy plants in the family Cyperaceae, commonly known as sedges (or seg, in older books).
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
The Cascade Range or Cascades is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from southern British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to Northern California.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Central Chile (Zona central) is one of the three natural regions into which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950.
The Channel Islands are an archipelago of eight islands located in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of southern California along the Santa Barbara Channel in the United States of America.
Chaparral is a shrubland or heathland plant community found primarily in the US state of California and in the northern portion of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chilean Matorral (NT1201) is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile, located on the west coast of South America.
Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig).
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
Cypress is a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
The Desert climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk, sometimes also BWn), also known as an arid climate, is a climate in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty shrub, and does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate.
Dietes is a genus of rhizomatous plants of the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1866.
In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
Dushanbe (Душанбе) is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan.
Eleusis (Ελευσίνα Elefsina, Ancient Greek: Ἐλευσίς Eleusis) is a town and municipality in West Attica, Greece.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
Erica is a genus of roughly 860 species of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae.
Fires is the related tasks and systems that provide collective and coordinated use of Army indirect fires, air and missile defense, and joint fires through the targeting process.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
Fynbos (meaning fine-leaved plants) is a small belt of natural shrubland or heathland vegetation located in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
Garigue or phrygana is a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion and plant community in the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.
Haleakalā (Hawaiian), or the East Maui Volcano, is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui.
Halimium (rockrose, false sun-rose, or halimium) is a genus of 12 species of evergreen or semi-evergreen subshrubs in the family Cistaceae, closely related to Cistus.
The genus Helichrysum consists of an estimated 600 species of flowering plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae).
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
The Instituto Português do Mar e da Amosfera (Portuguese Institute of the Sea and the Atmosphere) or IPMA is the national meteorological, seismic, sea and atmospheric organization of Portugal.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
The Juan Fernández Islands (Archipiélago Juan Fernández) are a sparsely inhabited island group reliant on tourism and fishing in the South Pacific Ocean.
Juglans californica, the California black walnut, also called the California walnut, or the Southern California black walnut, is a large shrub or small tree (up to 30 feet tall) of the walnut family, Juglandaceae, endemic to California.
Juncaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the rush family.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Klamath Mountains are a rugged and lightly populated mountain range in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the western United States.
Kwongan is an ecoregion found in south-western Western Australia.
Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous (smooth and hairless) leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.
The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Mallee Woodlands and Shrublands (MVG 14) is a Major Vegetation Group which occurs in semi-arid areas of southern Australia.
Low Maquis in Corsica High ''macchia'' in Sardinia Maquis (French) or macchia (Italian: macchia mediterranea) is a shrubland biome in the Mediterranean region, typically consisting of densely growing evergreen shrubs.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub are generally characterized by dry summers and rainy winters, although in some areas rainfall may be uniform.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Overberg is a region in South Africa to the east of Cape Town beyond the Hottentots-Holland mountains.
The Oxnard Plain is a large coastal plain in southwest Ventura County, California, United States surrounded by the mountains of the Transverse ranges.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553) was a Spanish missionary and the first Cardinal of Chile.
Penstemon, the beardtongues, is a large genus of roughly 250 species of flowering plants native mostly to the Nearctic, but with a few species also found in the North American portion of the Neotropics.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
Platanus racemosa is a species of plane tree known by several common names, including California sycamore, western sycamore, California plane tree, and in North American Spanish aliso.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
Protea is both the botanical name and the English common name of a genus of South African flowering plants, sometimes also called sugarbushes (Afrikaans: suikerbos) or Fynbos.
The Proteaceae are a family of flowering plants predominantly distributed in the Southern Hemisphere.
Renosterveld is a term used for one of the major plant communities and vegetation types of the Cape Floristic Region (Cape Floral Kingdom) which is located in southwestern and southeastern South Africa, in southernmost Africa.
The Restionaceae, also called restiads and restios, are a family of annual or perennial rush-like flowering plants native to the Southern Hemisphere; they vary from a few centimeters to 3 m in height.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region.
The Sacramento Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies north of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the Sacramento River.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
Sclerophyll is a type of vegetation that has hard leaves, short internodes (the distance between leaves along the stem) and leaf orientation parallel or oblique to direct sunlight.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
The Sierra Nevada (snowy saw range) is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
The subtropical ridge, also known as the subtropical high or horse latitudes, is a significant belt of atmospheric high pressure situated around the latitudes of 30°N in the Northern Hemisphere and 30°S in the Southern Hemisphere.
The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator.
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Themeda triandra is a perennial tussock-forming grass widespread in Africa, Australia, Asia and the Pacific.
The Trewartha climate classification is a climate classification system published by American geographer Glenn Thomas Trewartha in 1966, and updated in 1980.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Upwelling is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, just off the coast of Canada.
Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
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