34 relations: Binary prefix, Bitmap, Byte, Color depth, Computer memory, Computer network, Data compression, Data storage, Data-rate units, DVD, European Union, File format, Flash memory, Floppy disk, FLOPS, Hard disk drive, Human genome, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, International System of Quantities, International System of Units, JPEG, Kilo-, Mac OS X Snow Leopard, MacOS, Mebibyte, Metric prefix, Microsoft Windows, MP3, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Pixel, Random-access memory, Timeline of binary prefixes.
A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.
In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequences for humans, encoded as DNA within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International System of Quantities (ISQ) is a system based on seven base quantities: length, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, and luminous intensity.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
Kilo is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by one thousand (103).
Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
This article presents a timeline of binary prefixes used to name memory units, in comparison of decimal and binary prefixes for measurement of information and computer storage.