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Meiji Restoration

Index Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. [1]

89 relations: Abolition of the han system, Albert M. Craig, Ōkubo Toshimichi, Bakumatsu, Battle of Hakodate, Battle of Toba–Fushimi, Black Ships, Boshin War, Cambridge University Press, Charter Oath, Chōshū Domain, Commodore (United States), Daimyō, Datsu-A Ron, David "Race" Bannon, Edo period, Emperor Kōmei, Emperor Meiji, Emperor of Japan, Empire of Japan, Enomoto Takeaki, Ernest Mason Satow, First Sino-Japanese War, Four Hitokiri of the Bakumatsu, Four occupations, French Revolution, Fuhanken sanchisei, Fukoku kyōhei, Genrō, Government bond, Government of Meiji Japan, Gwangmu Reform, Harry Harootunian, Hijikata Toshizō, Hokkaido, Imperial Japanese Army, Industrialisation, Itagaki Taisuke, Itō Hirobumi, Japanese language, Japanese military modernization of 1868–1931, John Breen (scholar), Kido Takayoshi, Kilometre, Kyoto, Land Tax Reform (Japan 1873), Li Hongzhang, Lists of office-holders, Long ton, Marius Jansen, ..., Matsukata Masayoshi, Matthew C. Perry, Meiji Constitution, Meiji oligarchy, Meiji period, Meirokusha, Mile, Modernity, Mori Arinori, Nagato Province, Oligarchy, Prefecture, Princeton University Press, Rafael Domingo Osle, Republic of Ezo, Right to keep and bear arms, Russo-Japanese War, Saga Domain, Saigō Takamori, Sakamoto Ryōma, Sakoku, Samurai, Satchō Alliance, Satsuma Domain, Satsuma Province, Satsuma Rebellion, Shōgun, Shimazu Nariakira, Short ton, Sonnō jōi, Taikun, The Journal of Economic History, Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Tokyo, Tonne, Tosa Domain, William G. Beasley, Yamagata Aritomo. Expand index (39 more) »

Abolition of the han system

The in the Empire of Japan and its replacement by a system of prefectures in 1871 was the culmination of the Meiji Restoration begun in 1868, starting year of Meiji period (currently, there are 47 prefectures from Hokkaido to Okinawa in Japan).

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Albert M. Craig

Albert Morton Craig (born 1927) is an American academic, historian, author and professor emeritus in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University.

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Ōkubo Toshimichi

was a Japanese statesman, a samurai of Satsuma, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration.

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Bakumatsu

refers to the final years of the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate ended.

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Battle of Hakodate

The was fought in Japan from December 4, 1868 to June 27, 1869, between the remnants of the Tokugawa shogunate army, consolidated into the armed forces of the rebel Ezo Republic, and the armies of the newly formed Imperial government (composed mainly of forces of the Chōshū and the Satsuma domains).

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Battle of Toba–Fushimi

The occurred between pro-Imperial and Tokugawa shogunate forces during the Boshin War in Japan.

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Black Ships

The Black Ships (in 黒船, kurofune, Edo-period term) was the name given to Western vessels arriving in Japan in the 16th and 19th centuries.

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Boshin War

The, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Charter Oath

The was promulgated at the enthronement of Emperor Meiji of Japan on 6 April 1868 in Kyoto Imperial Palace.

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Chōshū Domain

The was a feudal domain of Japan during the Edo period (1603–1867).

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Commodore (United States)

Commodore was an early title and later a rank in the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard and the Confederate States Navy.

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Daimyō

The were powerful Japanese feudal lords who, until their decline in the early Meiji period, ruled most of Japan from their vast, hereditary land holdings.

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Datsu-A Ron

"Datsu-A Ron" (Japanese Kyūjitai: 脫亞論, Shinjitai: 脱亜論) was an editorial published in the Japanese newspaper Jiji Shimpo on March 16, 1885 arguing that Meiji Japan should abandon the conservative governments of Qing China and Joseon Korea and align itself with the West.

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David "Race" Bannon

David Dilley Bannon (born David Wayne Dilley; April 22, 1963), nicknamed Race, is an American author and translator.

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Edo period

The or is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō.

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Emperor Kōmei

was the 121st emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.

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Emperor Meiji

, or, was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 29, 1912.

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Emperor of Japan

The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Enomoto Takeaki

Viscount was a Japanese samurai and admiral of the Tokugawa navy of Bakumatsu-period Japan, who remained faithful to the Tokugawa shogunate and fought against the new Meiji government until the end of the Boshin War.

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Ernest Mason Satow

Sir Ernest Mason Satow, (30 June 1843 – 26 August 1929), was a British scholar, diplomat and Japanologist.

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First Sino-Japanese War

The First Sino-Japanese War (25 July 1894 – 17 April 1895) was fought between Qing dynasty of China and Empire of Japan, primarily for influence over Joseon.

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Four Hitokiri of the Bakumatsu

was a term given to four samurai during the Bakumatsu era in Japanese history.

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Four occupations

The four occupations or "four categories of the people"Hansson, pp.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Fuhanken sanchisei

The was an administrative reorganization undertaken by the Meiji Government in 1868, during the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate and the Boshin War.

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Fukoku kyōhei

, originally a phrase from the ancient Chinese historical work on the Warring States period, Zhan Guo Ce, was Japan's national slogan during the Meiji period, replacing the slogan sonnō jōi ("Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians").

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Genrō

was an unofficial designation given to certain retired elder Japanese statesmen, considered the "founding fathers" of modern Japan, who served as informal extraconstitutional advisors to the emperor, during the Meiji, Taishō, and Shōwa periods in Japanese history.

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Government bond

A government bond or sovereign bond is a bond issued by a national government, generally with a promise to pay periodic interest payments and to repay the face value on the maturity date.

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Government of Meiji Japan

The was the government that was formed by politicians of the Satsuma Domain and Chōshū Domain in the 1860s.

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Gwangmu Reform

The Gwangmu Reform (광무개혁,光武改革, Gwangmu Gaehyeok) was a chain of events that was aimed at modernizing and westernizing the Korean Empire as a late starter in the industrial revolution.

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Harry Harootunian

Harry D. Harootunian (born 1929) is an American historian of early modern and modern Japan with an interest in historical theory.

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Hijikata Toshizō

was the Japanese Vice-Commander (副長 Fukucho) of Shinsengumi, a great swordsman and a talented military leader who resisted the Meiji Restoration.

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Hokkaido

(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.

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Imperial Japanese Army

The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.

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Industrialisation

Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.

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Itagaki Taisuke

Count was a Japanese politician and leader of the, which evolved into Japan's first political party.

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Itō Hirobumi

Prince was a Japanese statesman and genrō.

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Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

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Japanese military modernization of 1868–1931

The modernization of the Japanese army and navy during the Meiji period (1868–1912) and until the Mukden Incident (1931) was carried out by the newly founded national government, a military leadership that was only responsible to the Emperor and the help of France, Britain, and later Germany.

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John Breen (scholar)

John Lawrence Breen (born 3 March 1956) is a British academic and Japanologist.

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Kido Takayoshi

(born; August 11, 1833 – May 26, 1877), also referred to as, was a Japanese statesman of the Meiji Restoration.

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Kilometre

The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the road network of the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.

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Kyoto

, officially, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, located in the Kansai region of Japan.

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Land Tax Reform (Japan 1873)

The Japanese Land Tax Reform of 1873, or was started by the Meiji Government in 1873, or the 6th year of the Meiji period.

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Li Hongzhang

Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.

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Lists of office-holders

These are lists of incumbents (individuals holding offices or positions), including heads of states or of subnational entities.

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Long ton

Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or displacement ton,Dictionary.com - "a unit for measuring the displacement of a vessel, equal to a long ton of 2240 pounds (1016 kg) or 35 cu.

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Marius Jansen

Marius Berthus Jansen (April 11, 1922 – December 10, 2000) was an American academic, historian, and Emeritus Professor of Japanese History at Princeton University.

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Matsukata Masayoshi

Prince was a Japanese politician and the 4th (May 6, 1891 – August 8, 1892) and 6th (September 18, 1896 – January 12, 1898) Prime Minister of Japan.

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Matthew C. Perry

Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).

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Meiji Constitution

The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國憲法; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国憲法 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kenpō), known informally as the Meiji Constitution (明治憲法 Meiji Kenpō), was the constitution of the Empire of Japan which had the proclamation on February 11, 1889, and had enacted since November 29, 1890 until May 2, 1947.

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Meiji oligarchy

The Meiji oligarchy was the name used to describe the new ruling class of Meiji period Japan.

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Meiji period

The, also known as the Meiji era, is a Japanese era which extended from October 23, 1868, to July 30, 1912.

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Meirokusha

The was an intellectual society in Meiji period Japan that published social-criticism journal.

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Mile

The mile is an English unit of length of linear measure equal to 5,280 feet, or 1,760 yards, and standardised as exactly 1,609.344 metres by international agreement in 1959.

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Modernity

Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of Renaissance, in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".

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Mori Arinori

Viscount was a Meiji period Japanese statesman, diplomat, and founder of Japan's modern educational system.

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Nagato Province

, often called, was a province of Japan.

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Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

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Prefecture

A prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) is an administrative jurisdiction or subdivision in any of various countries and within some international church structures, and in antiquity a Roman district governed by an appointed prefect.

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Princeton University Press

Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.

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Rafael Domingo Osle

Rafael Domingo Oslé (born in 1963 in Logroño, La Rioja (Spain)) is a Spanish jurist, legal theorist and professor of law who is specialized in ancient Roman law, Comparative law, law and religion, and Global law.

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Republic of Ezo

The was a short-lived state established in 1869 by a part of the former Tokugawa military in what is now known as Hokkaido, the large but sparsely populated northernmost island in modern Japan.

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Right to keep and bear arms

The right to keep and bear arms (often referred to as the right to bear arms) is the people's right to possess weapons (arms) for their own defense, as described in the philosophical and political writings of Aristotle, Cicero, John Locke, Machiavelli, the English Whigs and others.

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Russo-Japanese War

The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.

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Saga Domain

, also known as Hizen Domain, was a Japanese domain in the Edo period.

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Saigō Takamori

was one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration.

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Sakamoto Ryōma

was a Japanese prominent figure in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate.

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Sakoku

was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan, and common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years.

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Samurai

were the military nobility and officer caste of medieval and early-modern Japan.

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Satchō Alliance

The, or Satchō Alliance was a military alliance between the feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū formed in 1866 to combine their efforts to restore Imperial rule and overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

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Satsuma Domain

, also known as Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period.

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Satsuma Province

was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū.

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Satsuma Rebellion

The was a revolt of disaffected samurai against the new imperial government, nine years into the Meiji Era.

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Shōgun

The was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868 (with exceptions).

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Shimazu Nariakira

was a Japanese feudal lord (daimyō) of the Edo period, the 28th in the line of Shimazu clan lords of Satsuma Domain.

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Short ton

The short ton is a unit of weight equal to.

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Sonnō jōi

was a Japanese and Chinese political philosophy and a social movement derived from Neo-Confucianism; it became a political slogan in the 1850s and 1860s in the movement to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate during the Bakumatsu period.

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Taikun

is an archaic Japanese term of respect derived from Chinese I Ching which once referred to an independent ruler who did not have an imperial lineage.

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The Journal of Economic History

The Journal of Economic History is an academic journal of economic history which has been published since 1941.

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Tokugawa shogunate

The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.

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Tokugawa Yoshinobu

was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

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Tokyo

, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.

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Tonne

The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Tosa Domain

The was a feudal domain in Tosa Province of Japan (present-day Kōchi Prefecture) during the Edo period.

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William G. Beasley

William Gerald Beasley CBE FBA (22 December 1919 – 19 November 2006) was a British academic, author, editor, translator and Japanologist.

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Yamagata Aritomo

Prince, also known as Yamagata Kyōsuke, was a Japanese field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and twice Prime Minister of Japan.

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Redirects here:

Industrialization of Japan, Japan's modernization, Japanese modernization (1868-1930), Meiji Ishin, Meiji Isin, Meiji Reformation, Meiji Renewal, Meiji Revolution, Meiji reformation, Meiji restoration, Meiji-Isin, Meizi Isin, Meizi Restoration, Observations of Japanese modernization:(1868-1930), The Meiji Restoration, 明治維新.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiji_Restoration

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