203 relations: Acronym, Additional Member System, Amsterdam, Anglo-Indian, Assembly of the Republic (Portugal), Australia and New Zealand Association of Clerks-at-the-Table, Australian House of Representatives, Australian Senate, Austrian Parliament, Autonomous communities of Spain, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Batasang Pambansa, Bicameralism, Bundesrat of Germany, Bundestag, Cabinet of Japan, Caribbean Netherlands, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic, Chiltern Hundreds, Citizenship, Congress of Deputies, Constitution of Thailand, Constitution of Ukraine, Cortes Generales, Counties of Kenya, Czech language, Dáil Éireann, Democracy, Deputy (legislator), Dewan Negara, Dewan Rakyat, Diet (assembly), Direct election, Elections in Japan, Elections in Sweden, Electoral Administration Act 2006, Electoral district, European Parliament, Federal Council (Austria), First-past-the-post voting, Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011, General election, Government, Government agencies in Sweden, Government of India, Governor General of Canada, Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Hara Takashi, Hellenic Parliament, ..., Hereditary peer, History of Bulgaria, House of Assembly (Zimbabwe), House of Commons of Canada, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Councillors (Japan), House of Elders (Afghanistan), House of Lords, House of Lords Act 1999, House of Peers (Japan), House of Representatives, House of Representatives (Ceylon), House of Representatives (Japan), House of Representatives (Netherlands), House of Representatives (Thailand), House of the People (Afghanistan), Independent politician, Inukai Tsuyoshi, Irish Free State, Irish House of Commons, Islamabad, Japanese yen, Jatiya Sangsad, Kazoku, Knesset, Kyūjitai, Kyiv Post, Landtag, Legal fiction, Legislative assembly, Legislator, Legislature, List of constituencies of Kenya, List of members of the Riksdag, 2006–10, List of political parties in Sri Lanka, List of political parties in Sweden, List of Presidents of Lebanon, List of United Kingdom general elections, Lok Sabha, London Assembly, Lords Spiritual, Lords Temporal, Malay language, Manor of Northstead, Māori people, Member of Congress, Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario), Member of the European Parliament, Member of the Legislative Assembly, Member of the National Assembly (Quebec), Member of the Scottish Parliament, Monarchy of Canada, Monarchy of New Zealand, National Assembly (Afghanistan), National Assembly (Kenya), National Assembly for Wales, National Assembly of Cambodia, National Assembly of Pakistan, National Assembly of Thailand, National Council (Austria), National Diet, National Diet Library, National List Member of Parliament, National State Assembly, New South Wales, New Zealand general election, 1853, New Zealand House of Representatives, New Zealand Legislative Council, Newfoundland and Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly, Nominated Member of Parliament, Non-constituency Member of Parliament, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Assembly, Office of profit, Oireachtas, Ontario, Osachi Hamaguchi, Palace of Westminster, Parliament, Parliament of Australia, Parliament of Åland, Parliament of Canada, Parliament of Ceylon, Parliament of India, Parliament of Ireland, Parliament of Lebanon, Parliament of Malaysia, Parliament of Malta, Parliament of Nauru, Parliament of Northern Ireland, Parliament of Singapore, Parliament of Sri Lanka, Parliament of the Bahamas, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary group, Parliamentary system, Party-list proportional representation, Peerage, Political party, Politics of the United Kingdom, Pre-nominal letters, President of India, Prime Minister of Canada, Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister of Malaysia, Prime Minister of Sweden, Proportional representation, Provinces of Cambodia, Prussian House of Lords, Quebec, Questia Online Library, Rajya Sabha, Reichstag building, Resignation from the British House of Commons, Riksdag, Scottish Parliament, Seanad Éireann, Senate, Senate (Netherlands), Senate of Canada, Senate of Spain, Senate of Thailand, Senate of the Czech Republic, South Australia, Speaker of the Riksdag, Sri Lanka, States and territories of Australia, States General of the Netherlands, States of Austria, States of Germany, States-Provincial, Storting, Swedish general election, 2014, Swedish krona, Teachta Dála, Thai general election, 2007, Thailand, The Hague, Ukraine, Ukrainian language, Unicameralism, Unisex, United Kingdom constituencies, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Uttar Pradesh, Verkhovna Rada, Victoria (Australia), Webster/Sainte-Laguë method, Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 2006 Thai coup d'état, 2007 constitution of Thailand. Expand index (153 more) » « Shrink index
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
The additional member system (AMS), also known as mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) outside the United Kingdom, is a mixed electoral system with one tier of single-member district representatives, and another tier of "additional members" elected to make the overall election results more proportional.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
The term Anglo-Indians can refer to at least two groups of people: those with mixed Indian and British ancestry, and people of British descent born or living in the Indian subcontinent.
The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República) is the parliament of the Portuguese Republic.
The Australia and New Zealand Association of Clerks-at-the-Table (ANZACATT) is an association involving the Parliaments of Australia, New Zealand and Norfolk Island with the aim of advancing the professional development of its members, particularly in relation to the principles of parliamentary systems and parliamentary procedure.
The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives.
The Austrian Parliament (Österreichisches Parlament) is the bicameral legislature of Austria.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly;; often referred to simply as the Batasan) was the former parliament of the Philippines, established as an interim assembly in 1978 and later as an official body in 1984.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
The German Bundesrat (literally "Federal Council") is a legislative body that represents the sixteen Länder (federated states) of Germany at the national level.
The Bundestag ("Federal Diet") is the German federal parliament.
The is the executive branch of the government of Japan.
The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea.
The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Голова Верховної Ради України, Holova Verkhovnoyi Rady Ukrayiny) is the presiding officer of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's unicameral parliament.
The Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Czech Republic.
The Chiltern Hundreds is an ancient administrative area in Buckinghamshire, England, composed of three "hundreds" and lying partially within the Chiltern Hills.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
The Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados; Diputatuen Kongresua; Congrés dels Diputats; Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand (รัฐธรรมนูญแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย) provides the basis for the rule of law in Thailand.
The Constitution of Ukraine (Конституція України) is the nation's fundamental law.
The Cortes Generales (General Courts) are the bicameral legislature of the Kingdom of Spain, consisting of two chambers: the Congress of Deputies (the lower house) and the Senate (the upper house).
The counties of Kenya are geographical units envisioned by the 2010 Constitution of Kenya as the units of devolved government.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
A deputy is a legislator in many countries, particularly those with legislatures styled as a 'Chamber of Deputies' or 'National Assembly'.
The Dewan Negara (Malay for Senate, literally State Hall) is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four who are appointed to represent the federal territories.
The Dewan Rakyat (Malay for House of Representatives, literally People's Hall) is the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of members elected during elections from federal constituencies drawn by the Election Commission.
In politics, a diet is a formal deliberative assembly.
Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.
The Japanese political system has three types of elections: general elections to the House of Representatives held every four years (unless the lower house is dissolved earlier), elections to the House of Councillors held every three years to choose one-half of its members, and local elections held every four years for offices in prefectures, cities, and villages.
Elections to determine the makeup of the legislative bodies on the three levels of administrative division in the Kingdom of Sweden are held once every four years.
The Electoral Administration Act 2006 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed on 11 July 2006.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The Federal Council (German: Bundesrat is the second chamber of the Austrian Parliament, representing the nine States of Austria (Bundesländer) on federal level. As part of a bicameral legislature alongside of the National Council (Nationalrat), it can be compared with an upper house or a senate. In fact, however, it is far less powerful than the National Council: although it has to approve every new law decided for by this "lower" chamber, the latter can—in most cases—overrule the Federal Council's refusal to approve. The Bundesrat has its seat at the Austrian Parliament Building in Vienna, in a conclave of the former Herrenhaus chamber of the Imperial Council (Reichsrat). During a major renovation of the Parliament Building the Federal Council meets in the Hofburg.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 (c. 14) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that received Royal Assent on 15 September 2011, introducing fixed-term elections to the Westminster parliament for the first time.
A general election is an election in which all or most members of a given political body are chosen.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The government agencies in Sweden are state-controlled organizations who act independently to carry out the policies of the Government of Sweden.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament (Meclis or Parlamento), is the unicameral Turkish legislature.
was a Japanese politician and the 10th Prime Minister of Japan from 29 September 1918 until his assassination on 4 November 1921.
The Hellenic Parliament (Βουλή των Ελλήνων, "Parliament of the Hellenes", transliterated Voulí ton Ellínon) is the parliament of Greece, located in the Old Royal Palace, overlooking Syntagma Square in Athens.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
The history of Bulgaria can be traced from the first settlements on the lands of modern Bulgaria to its formation as a nation-state and includes the history of the Bulgarian people and their origin.
The House of Assembly of Zimbabwe is the lower chamber of Zimbabwe's bicameral Parliament.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The is the upper house of the National Diet of Japan.
The House of Elders or Mesherano Jirga (مشرانو جرگه), is the upper house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the lower House of the People (Wolesi Jirga).
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Act 1999 (c. 34) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was given Royal Assent on 11 November 1999.
The was the upper house of the Imperial Diet as mandated under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan (in effect from 11 February 1889 to 3 May 1947).
House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles.
The House of Representatives was the lower chamber of the parliament of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) established in 1947 by the Soulbury Constitution.
The is the lower house of the National Diet of Japan.
The House of Representatives (pronounced; commonly referred to as the, literally Second Chamber) is the lower house of the bicameral parliament of the Netherlands, the States General, the other one being the Senate.
The House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร) was the lower house of the National Assembly of Thailand, the legislative branch of the Thai government.
The House of the People or Wolesi Jirga (مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان, د افغانستان ولسي جرگه) abbreviated WJ, is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
was a Japanese politician, cabinet minister, and Prime Minister of Japan from 13 December 1931 to 15 May 1932.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
The is the official currency of Japan.
The Jatiya Sangsad ("National Parliament"; জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiyô Sôngsôd), often referred to simply as the Sangsad or JS and also known as the House of the Nation, is the supreme legislative body of Bangladesh.
The was the hereditary peerage of the Empire of Japan, which existed between 1869 and 1947.
The Knesset (הַכְּנֶסֶת; lit. "the gathering" or "assembly"; الكنيست) is the unicameral national legislature of Israel.
, are the traditional forms of kanji, Chinese written characters used in Japanese.
The Kyiv Post is Ukraine's oldest English language newspaper.
A Landtag (State Diet) is a representative assembly (parliament) in German-speaking countries with legislative authority and competence over a federated state (Land).
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its branch.
A legislator (or lawmaker) is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Constituencies of Kenya are used to select members of the Kenyan parliament.
This is a list of Members of the Riksdag, the national parliament of Sweden.
This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka.
This article lists political parties in Sweden.
This is a list of Presidents of Lebanon since the creation of the office in 1926.
This is a list of United Kingdom general elections (elections for the UK House of Commons) since the first in 1802.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
The London Assembly is an elected body, part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power, with a two-thirds majority, to amend the Mayor's annual budget and to reject the Mayor's draft statutory strategies.
The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom are the 26 bishops of the established Church of England who serve in the House of Lords along with the Lords Temporal.
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal are secular members of the House of Lords.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
The Manor of Northstead is a former medieval estate in North Yorkshire, England.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
A Member of Congress (MOC) is a person who has been appointed or elected and inducted into an official body called a congress, typically to represent a particular constituency in a legislature.
A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.
A Member of the National Assembly (MNA) is a member of the National Assembly of Quebec, Canada.
Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.
The monarchy of Canada is at the core of both Canada's federal structure and Westminster-style of parliamentary and constitutional democracy.
The monarchy of New Zealand is the constitutional system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand.
The National Assembly (ملی شورا Mili Shura, شورای ملی Shura-i Milli), also known as the Afghan Parliament, is Afghanistan's national legislature.
The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of Kenya.
The National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru; commonly known as the Welsh Assembly) is a devolved parliament with power to make legislation in Wales.
The National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភា, Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Cambodia.
Qaumi Assembly Pakistan (قومی اسمبلئ پاکستان or National Assembly of Pakistan (ایوانِ زیریں پاکستان) is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura, which also comprises the President of Pakistan and Aiwan-e Bala (upper house). The Qaumi Assembly and the Aiwan-e Bala both convene at Parliament House in Islamabad. The National Assembly is a democratically elected body consisting of a total of 342 members who are referred to as Members of the National Assembly (MNAs), of which 272 are directly elected members and 70 reserved seats for women and religious minorities. A political party must secure 172 seats to obtain and preserve a majority. Members are elected through the first-past-the-post system under universal adult suffrage, representing electoral districts known as National Assembly constituencies. According to the constitution, the 70 seats reserved for women and religious minorities are allocated to the political parties according to their proportional representation. Each National Assembly is formed for a five-year term, commencing from the date of the first sitting, after which it is automatically dissolved. Currently the National Assembly can not be dissolved by the President of Pakistan, it is dissolved by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Election for 13th National Assembly was held on 18 February 2008. On March 17, 2013 13th National Assembly was dissolved on completion of its five-year term under Article 52 of the Constitution. Pakistani general election, 2013 (for the 14th National Assembly) was held on May 11, 2013. Members of 14th National Assembly took oath on June 1, 2013. The 14th National Assembly dissolved on 31 May 2018 after completing its 5 year term.
The National Assembly of Thailand (รัฐสภา;; abrv: NAT) is the bicameral legislative branch of the government of Thailand.
The National Council (Nationalrat) is one of the two houses of the Austrian Parliament and is frequently referred to as the lower house.
The is Japan's bicameral legislature.
The is the national library of Japan and among the largest libraries in the world.
A National List Member of Parliament (National List MP) is an unelected Member of Parliament who is appointed by a political party or an independent group to the Parliament of Sri Lanka.
The National State Assembly (NSA) was the legislative body of Sri Lanka established in May 1972 under the First Republican Constitution.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
The 1853 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 1st term.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor-General).
The Legislative Council of New Zealand existed from 1841 until 1951.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
The Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly is one of two components of the General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador, the other being the Queen of Canada in Right of Newfoundland and Labrador, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador.
A Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP) is a Member of the Parliament of Singapore who is appointed by the President.
A Non-constituency Member of Parliament (NCMP) is a member of a Singaporean opposition political party who, according to the Constitution and Parliamentary Elections Act, is declared to have been elected a Member of the Parliament of Singapore despite having lost in a general election by virtue of having been one of the best-performing losers.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlan Assemblie) is the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland.
An office of profit is a term used in a number of national constitutions to refer to executive appointments.
The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Hamaguchi Osachi (Kyūjitai: 濱口 雄幸; Shinjitai: 浜口 雄幸, also Hamaguchi Yūkō, 1 April 1870 – 26 August 1931) was a Japanese politician, cabinet minister and Prime Minister of Japan from 2 July 1929 to 14 April 1931.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government.
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
The Lagting, or Lagtinget, is the parliament of Åland, an autonomous, demilitarised and unilingually Swedish-speaking territory of Finland.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
The Parliament of Ceylon was the legislative body of British Ceylon & Dominion of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) established in 1947 by the Soulbury Constitution, prior to independence on 4 February 1948.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
The Parliament of Ireland was the legislature of the Lordship of Ireland, and later the Kingdom of Ireland, from 1297 until 1800.
The Parliament of Lebanon (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab; Chambre des députés) is the national parliament of Lebanon.
The Parliament of Malaysia (Parlimen Malaysia) is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the Westminster system.
The Parliament of Malta (Parlament ta' Malta) is the constitutional legislative body in Malta, located in Valletta.
The Parliament of Nauru has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies.
The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the Home Rule legislature of Northern Ireland, created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which sat from 7 June 1921 to 30 March 1972, when it was suspended with the introduction of Direct Rule.
The Parliament of the Republic of Singapore and the President jointly make up the legislature of Singapore, which is based on the Westminster system.
The Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව Shri Lanka Parlimenthuwa, Tamil: இலங்கை நாடாளுமன்றம்) is the supreme legislative body of Sri Lanka.
The Parliament of The Bahamas is the bicameral national parliament of Commonwealth of The Bahamas.
The Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) or just Parliament (Parlament) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated in Malá Strana, Prague.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A parliamentary group, parliamentary party, or parliamentary caucus is a group consisting of members of the same political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or a city council.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems emphasizing proportional representation (PR) in elections in which multiple candidates are elected (e.g., elections to parliament) through allocations to an electoral list.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Theresa May, is the head of government.
Pre-nominal letters are a title which is placed before the name of a person as distinct from a post-nominal title which is placed after the name.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
The is the head of government of Japan.
The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia.
The Prime Minister (statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural).
The Prussian House of Lords (Preußisches Herrenhaus) in Berlin was the upper house of the Preußischer Landtag, the parliament of Prussia from 1850 to 1918.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Questia is an online commercial digital library of books and articles that has an academic orientation, with a particular emphasis on books and journal articles in the humanities and social sciences.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
The Reichstag (Reichstagsgebäude; officially: Deutscher Bundestag - Plenarbereich Reichstagsgebäude) is a historic edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Imperial Diet (German: Reichstag) of the German Empire.
Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats.
The Riksdag (riksdagen or Sveriges riksdag) is the national legislature and the supreme decision-making body of Sweden.
The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.
Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house).
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature or parliament.
The Senate (or simply, literally "First Chamber", or sometimes) is the upper house of the States General, the legislature of the Netherlands.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General).
The Senate (Senado) is the upper house of Spain's parliament, the Cortes Generales.
The Senate (วุฒิสภา;; formerly known as Phruetthasapha or "พฤฒสภา") was the upper house of the National Assembly of Thailand, (Thailand's legislative branch).
The Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Senát Parlamentu České republiky), usually referred to as Senate, is the upper chamber of the Parliament of the Czech Republic.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
The speaker of the Riksdag (Riksdagens talman) is the presiding officer of the national unicameral legislature in Sweden.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.
The States General of the Netherlands (Staten-Generaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Netherlands consisting of the Senate (Eerste Kamer) and the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer).
Austria is a federal republic made up of nine states, known in German as Länder.
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states (Land, plural Länder; informally and very commonly Bundesland, plural Bundesländer).
The States-Provincial (in Dutch: Provinciale Staten, abbreviated PS – commonly known as simply the Staten) is the provincial parliament and legislative assembly in each of the provinces of the Netherlands.
The Storting (Stortinget, "the great thing" or "the great assembly") is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway.
General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect the Riksdag, all 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.
The krona (plural: kronor; sign: kr; code: SEK) has been the currency of Sweden since 1873.
A TD (plural TDanna in Irish or TDs in English; full Irish form Teachta Dála,, plural Teachtaí Dála) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament).
The 2007 Thai general elections were held on 23 December.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
Unisex refers to things that are not gender-specific, being suitable for any gender.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Верхо́вна Ра́да Украї́ни, Ukrainian abbreviation ВРУ; literally Supreme Council of Ukraine), often simply Verkhovna Rada or just Rada, is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The Webster/Sainte-Laguë method, often simply Webster method or Sainte-Laguë method, is a highest quotient method for allocating seats in party-list proportional representation used in many voting systems.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (literally "He Who Was Made Lord", Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ), also known as the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia.
The 2006 Thai coup d'état took place on 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup d'état against the elected caretaker government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, Buddhist Era 2550 (2007) (รัฐธรรมนูญแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย พุทธศักราช ๒๕๕๐) was the constitution of Thailand which was in effect from 2007 to 2014.
British MP, British MPs, British Member of Parliament, British Members of Parliament, M.P., MPs, MPs (members of parliament), Member for Parliament, Member of Althing, Member of Althingi, Member of Alþing, Member of Alþingi, Member of British parliament, Member of Parliament, Member of Parliament (Cambodia), Member of Parliament (Canada), Member of Parliament (Czech Republic), Member of Parliament (Great Britain), Member of Parliament (MP), Member of Parliament (Malaysia), Member of Parliament (New Zealand), Member of Parliament (U.K.), Member of Parliament (UK), Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Member of Parliarment, Member of parliament (MP), Member of the Parliament, Member of the parliament, Members of Parliament, Members of Parliament (MP)s, Members of Parliament (MPs), Members of Parliament (UK), Members of parliament, Members of the Parliament, Mitglied des Landtages, Parliament Member.