Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Menstruation

Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. [1]

107 relations: Acne, Africa, Amenorrhea, Anovulation, Anthropologist, Anxiety, Ape, Bat, Biomedicine, Birth control, Blanket, Breast, Breastfeeding, Chhaupadi, Cloth menstrual pad, Coagulation, Depression (mood), Developed country, Developing country, Draw sheet, Dysfunctional uterine bleeding, Dysmenorrhea, Ectopic pregnancy, Egg cell, Elephant shrew, Endometriosis, Endometrium, Enzyme, Estrogen, Estrous cycle, Eutheria, Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive, Female, Female genital mutilation, Feminine hygiene, Flannel, Gastrointestinal disease, Gel, Hinduism, Hormonal contraception, Hormone, Hypomenorrhea, Implantation (human embryo), Infibulation, Intrauterine device, Iron deficiency, Irritability, Ischemia, Judaism, Judy Grahn, ..., Kaaba, Killer whale, Lactation, Levonorgestrel-releasing implant, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Menarche, Menopause, Menorrhagia, Menstrual cup, Menstrual cycle, Menstrual disorder, Menstrual Hygiene Day, Menstrual psychosis, Menstrual synchrony, Menstruation (mammal), Metaformic Theory, Metrorrhagia, Migraine, Mikveh, Miscarriage, Monkey, Mood swing, Mucous membrane, Nepal, Niddah, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Nutrient, Oligomenorrhea, Organic farming, Pain, Plasmin, Pregnancy, Pregnancy test, Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual syndrome, Primate, Prolactin, Prostaglandin, Puja (Hinduism), Pulp (paper), Ramadan, Rayon, Salah, Sanitary napkin, Sari, Sexual intercourse, Social control, Sponge, Supreme Court of Nepal, Taboo, Tampon, Terrycloth, Thinx, Towel, Undergarment, Uterine fibroid, Vagina. Expand index (57 more) »


Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.

New!!: Menstruation and Acne · See more »


Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

New!!: Menstruation and Africa · See more »


Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age.

New!!: Menstruation and Amenorrhea · See more »


Anovulation is when the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle.

New!!: Menstruation and Anovulation · See more »


An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.

New!!: Menstruation and Anthropologist · See more »


Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.

New!!: Menstruation and Anxiety · See more »


Apes (Hominoidea) are a branch of Old World tailless anthropoid primates native to Africa and Southeast Asia.

New!!: Menstruation and Ape · See more »


Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.

New!!: Menstruation and Bat · See more »


Biomedicine (i.e. medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice.

New!!: Menstruation and Biomedicine · See more »

Birth control

Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.

New!!: Menstruation and Birth control · See more »


A blanket is a large piece of soft cloth.

New!!: Menstruation and Blanket · See more »


The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.

New!!: Menstruation and Breast · See more »


Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.

New!!: Menstruation and Breastfeeding · See more »


Chhaupadi (छाउपडी) is a social tradition associated with the menstrual taboo in the western part of Nepal.

New!!: Menstruation and Chhaupadi · See more »

Cloth menstrual pad

Cloth menstrual pads are cloth pads worn to absorb the menstrual flow during a woman's period.

New!!: Menstruation and Cloth menstrual pad · See more »


Coagulation (also known as clotting) is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.

New!!: Menstruation and Coagulation · See more »

Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.

New!!: Menstruation and Depression (mood) · See more »

Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

New!!: Menstruation and Developed country · See more »

Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

New!!: Menstruation and Developing country · See more »

Draw sheet

A draw sheet is a small bed sheet placed crosswise over the middle of the bottom sheet of a mattress to cover the area between the person's upper back and thighs, often used by medical professionals to move patients.

New!!: Menstruation and Draw sheet · See more »

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is abnormal genital tract bleeding based in the uterus and found in the absence of demonstrable structural or organic disease.

New!!: Menstruation and Dysfunctional uterine bleeding · See more »


Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.

New!!: Menstruation and Dysmenorrhea · See more »

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.

New!!: Menstruation and Ectopic pregnancy · See more »

Egg cell

The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.

New!!: Menstruation and Egg cell · See more »

Elephant shrew

Elephant shrews, also called jumping shrews or sengis, are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa, belonging to the family Macroscelididae, in the order Macroscelidea. Their traditional common English name "elephant shrew" comes from a fancied resemblance between their long noses and the trunk of an elephant, and their superficial similarity with shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Eulipotyphla.

New!!: Menstruation and Elephant shrew · See more »


Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it.

New!!: Menstruation and Endometriosis · See more »


The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.

New!!: Menstruation and Endometrium · See more »


Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Menstruation and Enzyme · See more »


Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.

New!!: Menstruation and Estrogen · See more »

Estrous cycle

The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.

New!!: Menstruation and Estrous cycle · See more »


Eutheria (from Greek εὐ-, eu- "good" or "right" and θηρίον, thēríon "beast" hence "true beasts") is one of two mammalian clades with extant members that diverged in the Early Cretaceous or perhaps the Late Jurassic.

New!!: Menstruation and Eutheria · See more »

Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive

Extended or continuous cycle combined oral contraceptive pills are a packaging of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs) that reduce or eliminate the withdrawal bleeding that would occur once every 28 days in traditionally packaged COCPs.

New!!: Menstruation and Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive · See more »


Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).

New!!: Menstruation and Female · See more »

Female genital mutilation

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.

New!!: Menstruation and Female genital mutilation · See more »

Feminine hygiene

Feminine hygiene products (also called menstrual hygiene products) are personal care products used by women, for menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.

New!!: Menstruation and Feminine hygiene · See more »


Flannel is a soft woven fabric, of various fineness.

New!!: Menstruation and Flannel · See more »

Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

New!!: Menstruation and Gastrointestinal disease · See more »


A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.

New!!: Menstruation and Gel · See more »


Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Menstruation and Hinduism · See more »

Hormonal contraception

Hormonal contraception refers to birth control methods that act on the endocrine system.

New!!: Menstruation and Hormonal contraception · See more »


A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

New!!: Menstruation and Hormone · See more »


Hypomenorrhea or hypomenorrhoea, also known as short or scanty periods, is extremely light menstrual blood flow.

New!!: Menstruation and Hypomenorrhea · See more »

Implantation (human embryo)

In humans, implantation is the stage of pregnancy at which the already fertilized egg adheres to the wall of the uterus.

New!!: Menstruation and Implantation (human embryo) · See more »


Infibulation is the surgical removal of the external female genitalia and the suturing of the vulva.

New!!: Menstruation and Infibulation · See more »

Intrauterine device

An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD or ICD) or coil, is a small, often T-shaped birth control device that is inserted into a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy.

New!!: Menstruation and Intrauterine device · See more »

Iron deficiency

Iron deficiency, or sideropaenia, is the state in which a body has not enough (or not qualitatively enough) iron to supply its eventual needs.

New!!: Menstruation and Iron deficiency · See more »


Irritability is the excitatory ability that living organisms have to respond to changes in their environment.

New!!: Menstruation and Irritability · See more »


Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).

New!!: Menstruation and Ischemia · See more »


Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

New!!: Menstruation and Judaism · See more »

Judy Grahn

Judy Rae Grahn (born July 28, 1940, in Chicago, Illinois) is an American poet and author.

New!!: Menstruation and Judy Grahn · See more »


The Kaaba (ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة, "The Cube"), also referred as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة الْـمُـشَـرًّفَـة, the Holy Ka'bah), is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, that is Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد الْـحَـرَام, The Sacred Mosque), in the Hejazi city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

New!!: Menstruation and Kaaba · See more »

Killer whale

| status.

New!!: Menstruation and Killer whale · See more »


Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

New!!: Menstruation and Lactation · See more »

Levonorgestrel-releasing implant

Levonorgestrel-releasing implant, sold under the brand name Jadelle among others, is a device made up of a two rods of levonorgestrel used for birth control.

New!!: Menstruation and Levonorgestrel-releasing implant · See more »

Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.

New!!: Menstruation and Medroxyprogesterone acetate · See more »


Menarche (Greek: μήν mēn "month" + ἀρχή arkhē "beginning") is the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans.

New!!: Menstruation and Menarche · See more »


Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.

New!!: Menstruation and Menopause · See more »


Menorrhagia is a menstrual period with excessively heavy flow and falls under the larger category of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).

New!!: Menstruation and Menorrhagia · See more »

Menstrual cup

A menstrual cup is a feminine hygiene product that is inserted into the vagina during menstruation.

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual cup · See more »

Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual cycle · See more »

Menstrual disorder

A menstrual disorder is an abnormal condition in a woman's menstrual cycle.

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual disorder · See more »

Menstrual Hygiene Day

Menstrual Hygiene Day (MHD, MH Day in short) is an annual awareness day on May 28 to highlight the importance of good menstrual hygiene management (MHM).

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual Hygiene Day · See more »

Menstrual psychosis

Menstrual psychosis is a debated form of psychosis with a brief, sudden onset related to the menstrual cycle.

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual psychosis · See more »

Menstrual synchrony

Menstrual synchrony, also called the McClintock effect is an alleged process whereby women who begin living together in close proximity experience their menstrual cycle onsets (the onset of menstruation or menses) becoming more synchronized together in time than when previously living apart.

New!!: Menstruation and Menstrual synchrony · See more »

Menstruation (mammal)

Menstruation in mammals is the shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium).

New!!: Menstruation and Menstruation (mammal) · See more »

Metaformic Theory

Metaformic Theory states that modern-day material culture is rooted in ancient menstruation rituals, called "metaforms".

New!!: Menstruation and Metaformic Theory · See more »


Metrorrhagia (metro.

New!!: Menstruation and Metrorrhagia · See more »


A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.

New!!: Menstruation and Migraine · See more »


Mikveh or mikvah (mikva'ot, mikvoth, mikvot, or (Yiddish) mikves, "a collection") is a bath used for the purpose of ritual immersion in Judaism to achieve ritual purity.

New!!: Menstruation and Mikveh · See more »


Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.

New!!: Menstruation and Miscarriage · See more »


Monkeys are non-hominoid simians, generally possessing tails and consisting of about 260 known living species.

New!!: Menstruation and Monkey · See more »

Mood swing

A mood swing is an extreme or rapid change in mood.

New!!: Menstruation and Mood swing · See more »

Mucous membrane

A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.

New!!: Menstruation and Mucous membrane · See more »


Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

New!!: Menstruation and Nepal · See more »


Niddah (or nidah; נִדָּה), in Judaism, describes a woman during menstruation, or a woman who has menstruated and not yet completed the associated requirement of immersion in a mikveh (ritual bath).

New!!: Menstruation and Niddah · See more »

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.

New!!: Menstruation and Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug · See more »


A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.

New!!: Menstruation and Nutrient · See more »


Oligomenorrhea (or oligomenorrhoea) is infrequent (or, in occasional usage, very light) menstruation.

New!!: Menstruation and Oligomenorrhea · See more »

Organic farming

Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.

New!!: Menstruation and Organic farming · See more »


Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.

New!!: Menstruation and Pain · See more »


Plasmin is an important enzyme present in blood that degrades many blood plasma proteins, including fibrin clots.

New!!: Menstruation and Plasmin · See more »


Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.

New!!: Menstruation and Pregnancy · See more »

Pregnancy test

A pregnancy test attempts to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant.

New!!: Menstruation and Pregnancy test · See more »

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 3–8% of menstruating women.

New!!: Menstruation and Premenstrual dysphoric disorder · See more »

Premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman's period.

New!!: Menstruation and Premenstrual syndrome · See more »


A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

New!!: Menstruation and Primate · See more »


Prolactin (PRL), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, is a protein that is best known for its role in enabling mammals, usually females, to produce milk.

New!!: Menstruation and Prolactin · See more »


The prostaglandins (PG) are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.

New!!: Menstruation and Prostaglandin · See more »

Puja (Hinduism)

Pūjā or Poojan or Poosei (Thamizh) (Devanagari: पूजा) is a prayer ritual performed by Hindus of devotional worship to one or more deities, or to host and honor a guest, or one to spiritually celebrate an event.

New!!: Menstruation and Puja (Hinduism) · See more »

Pulp (paper)

Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.

New!!: Menstruation and Pulp (paper) · See more »


Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.

New!!: Menstruation and Ramadan · See more »


Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.

New!!: Menstruation and Rayon · See more »


Salah ("worship",; pl.; also salat), or namāz (نَماز) in some languages, is one of the Five Pillars in the faith of Islam and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim.

New!!: Menstruation and Salah · See more »

Sanitary napkin

A sanitary napkin, sanitary towel, sanitary pad, menstrual pad, or pad is an absorbent item worn by women while menstruating, recovering from vaginal surgery, for lochia (post-birth bleeding), after an abortion, or in any other situation where it is necessary to absorb a flow of blood from the vagina.

New!!: Menstruation and Sanitary napkin · See more »


A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.

New!!: Menstruation and Sari · See more »

Sexual intercourse

Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.

New!!: Menstruation and Sexual intercourse · See more »

Social control

Social control is a concept within the disciplines of the social sciences.

New!!: Menstruation and Social control · See more »


Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.

New!!: Menstruation and Sponge · See more »

Supreme Court of Nepal

The Supreme Court of Nepal (सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal.

New!!: Menstruation and Supreme Court of Nepal · See more »


In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.

New!!: Menstruation and Taboo · See more »


A tampon is a mass of absorbent material, primarily used as a feminine hygiene product.

New!!: Menstruation and Tampon · See more »


Terrycloth, terry cloth, terry cotton, terry towelling, terry, or simply towelling is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water.

New!!: Menstruation and Terrycloth · See more »


Thinx is a New York based company that makes feminine hygiene products.

New!!: Menstruation and Thinx · See more »


A towel is a piece of absorbent fabric or paper used for drying or wiping a body or a surface.

New!!: Menstruation and Towel · See more »


Undergarments are items of clothing worn beneath outer clothes, usually in direct contact with the skin, although they may comprise more than a single layer.

New!!: Menstruation and Undergarment · See more »

Uterine fibroid

Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas or fibroids, are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.

New!!: Menstruation and Uterine fibroid · See more »


In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.

New!!: Menstruation and Vagina · See more »

Redirects here:

Aunt flow, Evolution of menstruation, Girls period, Intercourse during menstruation, Last menstrual period, Menses, Menstrual blood, Menstrual flow, Menstruate, Mensturation, Molimina, Moliminal, Period poverty, Period sex, Sex during menstruation, Sex in menstruation, Sexual activity during menstruation, Sexual intercourse during menstruation, That time of the month, Time of the month, Vaginal sex during menstruation.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstruation

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »