107 relations: Acne, Africa, Amenorrhea, Anovulation, Anthropologist, Anxiety, Ape, Bat, Biomedicine, Birth control, Blanket, Breast, Breastfeeding, Chhaupadi, Cloth menstrual pad, Coagulation, Depression (mood), Developed country, Developing country, Draw sheet, Dysfunctional uterine bleeding, Dysmenorrhea, Ectopic pregnancy, Egg cell, Elephant shrew, Endometriosis, Endometrium, Enzyme, Estrogen, Estrous cycle, Eutheria, Extended cycle combined hormonal contraceptive, Female, Female genital mutilation, Feminine hygiene, Flannel, Gastrointestinal disease, Gel, Hinduism, Hormonal contraception, Hormone, Hypomenorrhea, Implantation (human embryo), Infibulation, Intrauterine device, Iron deficiency, Irritability, Ischemia, Judaism, Judy Grahn, ..., Kaaba, Killer whale, Lactation, Levonorgestrel-releasing implant, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Menarche, Menopause, Menorrhagia, Menstrual cup, Menstrual cycle, Menstrual disorder, Menstrual Hygiene Day, Menstrual psychosis, Menstrual synchrony, Menstruation (mammal), Metaformic Theory, Metrorrhagia, Migraine, Mikveh, Miscarriage, Monkey, Mood swing, Mucous membrane, Nepal, Niddah, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Nutrient, Oligomenorrhea, Organic farming, Pain, Plasmin, Pregnancy, Pregnancy test, Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual syndrome, Primate, Prolactin, Prostaglandin, Puja (Hinduism), Pulp (paper), Ramadan, Rayon, Salah, Sanitary napkin, Sari, Sexual intercourse, Social control, Sponge, Supreme Court of Nepal, Taboo, Tampon, Terrycloth, Thinx, Towel, Undergarment, Uterine fibroid, Vagina. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Amenorrhoea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age.
Anovulation is when the ovaries do not release an oocyte during a menstrual cycle.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Apes (Hominoidea) are a branch of Old World tailless anthropoid primates native to Africa and Southeast Asia.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
Biomedicine (i.e. medical biology) is a branch of medical science that applies biological and physiological principles to clinical practice.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
A blanket is a large piece of soft cloth.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
Chhaupadi (छाउपडी) is a social tradition associated with the menstrual taboo in the western part of Nepal.
Cloth menstrual pads are cloth pads worn to absorb the menstrual flow during a woman's period.
Coagulation (also known as clotting) is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
A draw sheet is a small bed sheet placed crosswise over the middle of the bottom sheet of a mattress to cover the area between the person's upper back and thighs, often used by medical professionals to move patients.
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is abnormal genital tract bleeding based in the uterus and found in the absence of demonstrable structural or organic disease.
Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.
Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
The egg cell, or ovum (plural ova), is the female reproductive cell (gamete) in oogamous organisms.
Elephant shrews, also called jumping shrews or sengis, are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa, belonging to the family Macroscelididae, in the order Macroscelidea. Their traditional common English name "elephant shrew" comes from a fancied resemblance between their long noses and the trunk of an elephant, and their superficial similarity with shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Eulipotyphla.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it.
The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Estrogen, or oestrogen, is the primary female sex hormone.
The estrous cycle or oestrus cycle (derived from Latin oestrus 'frenzy', originally from Greek οἶστρος oîstros 'gadfly') is the recurring physiological changes that are induced by reproductive hormones in most mammalian therian females.
Eutheria (from Greek εὐ-, eu- "good" or "right" and θηρίον, thēríon "beast" hence "true beasts") is one of two mammalian clades with extant members that diverged in the Early Cretaceous or perhaps the Late Jurassic.
Extended or continuous cycle combined oral contraceptive pills are a packaging of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs) that reduce or eliminate the withdrawal bleeding that would occur once every 28 days in traditionally packaged COCPs.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.
Feminine hygiene products (also called menstrual hygiene products) are personal care products used by women, for menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.
Flannel is a soft woven fabric, of various fineness.
Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hormonal contraception refers to birth control methods that act on the endocrine system.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Hypomenorrhea or hypomenorrhoea, also known as short or scanty periods, is extremely light menstrual blood flow.
In humans, implantation is the stage of pregnancy at which the already fertilized egg adheres to the wall of the uterus.
Infibulation is the surgical removal of the external female genitalia and the suturing of the vulva.
An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD or ICD) or coil, is a small, often T-shaped birth control device that is inserted into a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Iron deficiency, or sideropaenia, is the state in which a body has not enough (or not qualitatively enough) iron to supply its eventual needs.
Irritability is the excitatory ability that living organisms have to respond to changes in their environment.
Ischemia or ischaemia is a restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism (to keep tissue alive).
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Judy Rae Grahn (born July 28, 1940, in Chicago, Illinois) is an American poet and author.
The Kaaba (ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة, "The Cube"), also referred as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (ٱلْـكَـعْـبَـة الْـمُـشَـرًّفَـة, the Holy Ka'bah), is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, that is Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد الْـحَـرَام, The Sacred Mosque), in the Hejazi city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.
Levonorgestrel-releasing implant, sold under the brand name Jadelle among others, is a device made up of a two rods of levonorgestrel used for birth control.
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.
Menarche (Greek: μήν mēn "month" + ἀρχή arkhē "beginning") is the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
Menorrhagia is a menstrual period with excessively heavy flow and falls under the larger category of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB).
A menstrual cup is a feminine hygiene product that is inserted into the vagina during menstruation.
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.
A menstrual disorder is an abnormal condition in a woman's menstrual cycle.
Menstrual Hygiene Day (MHD, MH Day in short) is an annual awareness day on May 28 to highlight the importance of good menstrual hygiene management (MHM).
Menstrual psychosis is a debated form of psychosis with a brief, sudden onset related to the menstrual cycle.
Menstrual synchrony, also called the McClintock effect is an alleged process whereby women who begin living together in close proximity experience their menstrual cycle onsets (the onset of menstruation or menses) becoming more synchronized together in time than when previously living apart.
Menstruation in mammals is the shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium).
Metaformic Theory states that modern-day material culture is rooted in ancient menstruation rituals, called "metaforms".
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
Mikveh or mikvah (mikva'ot, mikvoth, mikvot, or (Yiddish) mikves, "a collection") is a bath used for the purpose of ritual immersion in Judaism to achieve ritual purity.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Monkeys are non-hominoid simians, generally possessing tails and consisting of about 260 known living species.
A mood swing is an extreme or rapid change in mood.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Niddah (or nidah; נִדָּה), in Judaism, describes a woman during menstruation, or a woman who has menstruated and not yet completed the associated requirement of immersion in a mikveh (ritual bath).
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Oligomenorrhea (or oligomenorrhoea) is infrequent (or, in occasional usage, very light) menstruation.
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
Plasmin is an important enzyme present in blood that degrades many blood plasma proteins, including fibrin clots.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
A pregnancy test attempts to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 3–8% of menstruating women.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman's period.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
Prolactin (PRL), also known as luteotropic hormone or luteotropin, is a protein that is best known for its role in enabling mammals, usually females, to produce milk.
The prostaglandins (PG) are a group of physiologically active lipid compounds having diverse hormone-like effects in animals.
Pūjā or Poojan or Poosei (Thamizh) (Devanagari: पूजा) is a prayer ritual performed by Hindus of devotional worship to one or more deities, or to host and honor a guest, or one to spiritually celebrate an event.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.
Salah ("worship",; pl.; also salat), or namāz (نَماز) in some languages, is one of the Five Pillars in the faith of Islam and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim.
A sanitary napkin, sanitary towel, sanitary pad, menstrual pad, or pad is an absorbent item worn by women while menstruating, recovering from vaginal surgery, for lochia (post-birth bleeding), after an abortion, or in any other situation where it is necessary to absorb a flow of blood from the vagina.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.
Social control is a concept within the disciplines of the social sciences.
Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.
The Supreme Court of Nepal (सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
A tampon is a mass of absorbent material, primarily used as a feminine hygiene product.
Terrycloth, terry cloth, terry cotton, terry towelling, terry, or simply towelling is a fabric with loops that can absorb large amounts of water.
Thinx is a New York based company that makes feminine hygiene products.
A towel is a piece of absorbent fabric or paper used for drying or wiping a body or a surface.
Undergarments are items of clothing worn beneath outer clothes, usually in direct contact with the skin, although they may comprise more than a single layer.
Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas or fibroids, are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
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