122 relations: Africa, Alkaloid, Alumina effect pigment, Americas, Analytical chemistry, Antibiotic, Apothecary, Asia, AZ Electronic Materials, Bayer, Beijing, Billerica, Massachusetts, BioMarin Pharmaceutical, Biopharmaceutical, Bisoprolol, Boston, Brand, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Cetuximab, Chairman, Chemical industry, Chemical substance, Chief executive officer, Cholecalciferol, Chromatography, Clinical research, Cocaine, Conspiracy (civil), Corporate spin-off, Corticosteroid, Darmstadt, DAX, Dexamethasone, Digitoxin, Ernesto Bertarelli, Euro, Europe, Factory, Financial analyst, Financial Times Deutschland, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Generic drug, Germany, GlaxoSmithKline, Health department, High Court of Justice, Holding company, ImClone Systems, Immunology, Immunotherapy, ..., Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, IQVIA, Karl-Ludwig Kley, Laboratory, Levothyroxine, Limited partnership, Liquid crystal, List of life sciences, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., Medication, Merck & Co., Merck family, Merck Millipore, Merck Serono, Metformin, Morphine, Multinational corporation, Mylan, National Health Service, Nationalization, Nestlé, Neurology, Non-small-cell lung carcinoma, Norton Healthcare, Oceania, Oligopoly, Oncology, Opium, Over-the-counter drug, Partnership, Penicillin, Peptic ulcer disease, Perrigo, Pfizer, Pharmaceutical industry, Pharmacy, Phenylketonuria, Pigment, Price fixing, Procter & Gamble, Product (business), Public company, Ranbaxy Laboratories, Ranitidine, Research and development, Reuters, Schering AG, Schering-Plough, Self-experimentation, Senior management, Serious Fraud Office (United Kingdom), Serono, Settlement (litigation), Sigma-Aldrich, Sigmund Freud, Small molecule, Stada Arzneimittel, Stefan Oschmann, Supervisory board, Tecemotide, The Guardian, The Times, Tokyo, Trademark, Treatment of cancer, United Kingdom, Vitamin, Warfarin, Wirtschaftswunder, World War I, World War II, Xirallic. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
An alumina effect pigment is a pearlescent pigment based on alumina (aluminium oxide).
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Apothecary is one term for a medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons, and patients.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
AZ Electronic Materials plc, is a specialty chemicals company.
Bayer AG is a German multinational, pharmaceutical and life sciences company.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Billerica is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. is an American biotechnology company headquartered in San Rafael, California.
A biopharmaceutical, also known as a biologic(al) medical product, biological, or biologic, is any pharmaceutical drug product manufactured in, extracted from, or semisynthesized from biological sources.
Bisoprolol, marketed under the tradename Zebeta among others, is a medication most commonly used for heart diseases.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) is an American pharmaceutical company, headquartered in New York City.
Cetuximab is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, metastatic non-small cell lung cancer and head and neck cancer.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Cholecalciferol, also known as vitamin D3 and colecalciferol, is a type of vitamin D which is made by the skin, found in some foods, and taken as a dietary supplement.
Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture.
Clinical research is a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness (efficacy) of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
A civil conspiracy or collusion is an agreement between two or more parties to deprive a third party of legal rights or deceive a third party to obtain an illegal objective.
A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out, or starburst, is a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" a section as a separate business.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region).
The DAX (Deutscher Aktienindex (German stock index)) is a blue chip stock market index consisting of the 30 major German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
Dexamethasone is a type of corticosteroid medication.
Digitoxin is a cardiac glycoside.
Ernesto Bertarelli (born 22 September 1965) is an Italian-born Swiss billionaire businessman and philanthropist.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
A financial analyst, securities analyst, research analyst, equity analyst, investment analyst, or rating analyst is a person who performs financial analysis for external or internal financial clients as a core part of the job.
The Financial Times Deutschland was a German-language financial newspaper based in Hamburg, Germany, published by Bertelsmann's Gruner + Jahr newspaper and magazine division.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse, FWB) is the world's 10th largest stock exchange by market capitalization.
A generic drug is a pharmaceutical drug that is equivalent to a brand-name product in dosage, strength, route of administration, quality, performance, and intended use, but does not carry the brand name.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) is a British pharmaceutical company headquartered in Brentford, London.
A health department or health ministry is a part of government which focuses on issues related to the general health of the citizenry.
The High Court of Justice is, together with the Court of Appeal and the Crown Court, one of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.
ImClone Systems Incorporated is a formerly independent biopharmaceutical company dedicated to developing biologic medicines in the area of oncology.
Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms.
Immunotherapy is the "treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing, or suppressing an immune response".
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Chemical Society covering all aspects of chemical engineering.
IQVIA, formerly Quintiles IMS Holdings, Inc., is an American multinational company serving the combined industries of health information technologies and clinical research.
Karl-Ludwig Kley (born 11 June 1951 in Munich) is a German business executive, and was the chief executive officer (CEO) and chairman of the executive board of the German multinational chemical, pharmaceutical and life sciences company Merck.
A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
Levothyroxine, also known as -thyroxine, is a manufactured form of the thyroid hormone, thyroxine (T4).
A limited partnership (LP) is a form of partnership similar to a general partnership except that while a general partnership must have at least two general partners (GPs), a limited partnership must have at least one GP and at least one limited partner.
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.
The life sciences or biological sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings – as well as related considerations like bioethics.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. is a privately held independent publishing company founded by its president, Mary Ann Liebert, in 1980.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Merck & Company, Inc., d.b.a. Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) outside the United States and Canada, is an American pharmaceutical company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.
The Merck family is a German family of industrialists and bankers, known for establishing the world's oldest pharmaceutical company Merck, its American former subsidiary Merck & Co. (MSD), which is now an independent company, as well as the Hamburg merchant bank H. J. Merck & Co. The family still owns the majority of the pharmaceutical company Merck.
Merck Millipore was the brand used for Merck's global life science business until 2015 when the company re-branded.
Merck Serono (EMD Serono in the United States and Canada) is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Darmstadt, Germany, and a brand and division of Merck focused on biopharmaceuticals.
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight.
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Mylan N.V. is an American global generic and specialty pharmaceuticals company registered in the Netherlands, with principal executive offices in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK and global headquarters in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, US.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Nestlé S.A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).
Norton Healthcare is one of Kentucky's health care systems with more than 40 clinics and hospitals in and around Louisville, Kentucky.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
An oligopoly (from Ancient Greek ὀλίγος (olígos) "few" + πωλεῖν (polein) "to sell") is a market form wherein a market or industry is dominated by a small number of large sellers (oligopolists).
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as opposed to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription.
A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.
Perrigo Company plc is an American international manufacturer of private label over-the-counter pharmaceuticals.
Pfizer Inc. is an American pharmaceutical conglomerate headquartered in New York City, with its research headquarters in Groton, Connecticut.
The pharmaceutical industry (or medicine industry) is the commercial industry that discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as different types of medicine and medications.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Price fixing is an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
Procter & Gamble Co. (P&G) is an American multi-national consumer goods corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, founded in 1837 by British American William Procter and Irish American James Gamble.
In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited was an Indian pharmaceutical company that was incorporated in India in 1961.
Ranitidine, sold under the trade name Zantac among others, is a medication which decreases stomach acid production.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Schering AG was a research-centered German multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Wedding, Berlin, which operated as an independent company from 1851 to 2006.
Schering-Plough Corporation was a United States-based pharmaceutical company.
Self-experimentation refers to the special case of single-subject research in which the experimenter conducts the experiment on themself.
Senior management, executive management, or a management team is generally a team of individuals at the highest level of management of an organization who have the day-to-day tasks of managing that organization — sometimes a company or a corporation.
The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) is a non-ministerial government department of the Government of the United Kingdom department that investigates and prosecutes serious or complex fraud and corruption in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Serono was a biotechnology company headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
In law, a settlement is a resolution between disputing parties about a legal case, reached either before or after court action begins.
Sigma-Aldrich Corporation is an American chemical, life science and biotechnology company owned by Merck KGaA.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Within the fields of molecular biology and pharmacology, a small molecule is a low molecular weight (< 900 daltons) organic compound that may regulate a biological process, with a size on the order of 1 nm.
Stada Arzneimittel AG is a pharmaceutical company based in Bad Vilbel, Germany which specializes in the production of generic and over-the-counter drugs.
Stefan Oschmann (born 25 July 1957) is a German businessman, who has served as the chief executive officer (CEO) and chairman of the executive board of the Germany-based Merck Group since April 2016.
A supervisory board or supervisory committee, often called board of directors, is a group of individuals chosen by the stockholders of a company to promote their interests through the governance of the company and to hire and supervise the executive directors and CEO.
Tecemotide (INN; emepepimut-S (USAN); formerly known as BLP25 or EMD 531444) is a synthetic lipopeptide that is used as antigen in an investigational therapeutic cancer vaccine (formerly known as Stimuvax, L-BLP25, BLP25 liposomal vaccine or BLP25 liposome vaccine).
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
Cancer can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy (including immunotherapy such as monoclonal antibody therapy) and synthetic lethality.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.
Warfarin, sold under the brand name Coumadin among others, is a medication that is used as an anticoagulant (blood thinner).
The term Wirtschaftswunder ("economic miracle"), also known as The Miracle on the Rhine, describes the rapid reconstruction and development of the economies of West Germany and Austria after World War II (adopting an Ordoliberalism-based social market economy).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xirallic is a pigment made of aluminum oxide platelets covered with titanium oxide that shows a strong glitter effect with a distinct shimmering behavior.