132 relations: Afro-Latin American, ALBA, Andean Community, Argentina, Argentine passport, Argentine peso, Asian Latin American, Associated Press, BBC News, Bolivia, Brazil, Brazilian passport, Brazilian real, Buenos Aires, Business process, Caracas, Central American Integration System, Central bank, Chicago Journal of International Law, Chile, Civil law (common law), Collateral contract, Colombia, Colonia (United States), Colonia del Sacramento, Commercial policy, Committee, Congress, Consumer protection, Cost–benefit analysis, Council on Foreign Relations, Customs union, Danilo Astori, Dispute resolution, Domicile (law), Economic integration, Economy of Argentina, Ecuador, European Economic Community, European Union, Evo Morales, Exchange rate, Factors of production, Finance minister, Foreign exchange market, Foreign minister, Free trade, Free trade area, Free Trade Area of the Americas, Free trade zone, ..., Fungibility, Gaucho (currency), General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Global city, Government agency, Guarani language, Guyana, Hispanic America, Horacio Cartes, Hydropower, Impeachment of Fernando Lugo, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Intergovernmental organization, Intermediation, International Monetary Fund, José Sarney, Köppen climate classification, Latin American Integration Association, Latinobarómetro, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of countries by exports, List of countries by GDP (nominal), List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita, List of countries by GDP (PPP), List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of countries by imports, Macroeconomics, Manaus, Mercosur Parliament, Mestizo, Mexico, Monetary system, Montevideo, Nationalization, New Zealand, North American Free Trade Agreement, Official language, Order of succession, Pacific Alliance, Paraguay, Paraguayan guaraní, Pardo, Peru, Polar climate, Portuguese colonization of the Americas, Portuguese language, Privilege (legal ethics), Pro tempore, Protocol of Ouro Preto, Public, Public law, Purchasing power parity, Raúl Alfonsín, Regional integration, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Single market, Socioeconomics, South America, Sovereign state, Spanish language, State of Palestine, Subtropics, Supranational union, Suriname, Tariff, The Independent, Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina, Trade bloc, Trade in services, Treaty of Asunción, Tropical climate, Union of South American Nations, United States dollar, Uruguay, Uruguayan peso, Venezuela, Venezuelan bolívar, Venezuelan passport, White Latin American, Working language, 4th Summit of the Americas. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
An Afro-Latin American (also Afro-Latino in the United States) is a Latin American person of significant Saharan Africa ancestry; the term may also refer to historical or cultural elements in Latin America thought to emanate from this community.
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ALBA, formally the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América), is an intergovernmental organization based on the idea of the social, political and economic integration of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
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The Andean Community (Comunidad Andina, CAN) is a customs union comprising the South American countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America.
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Argentine passports used to be issued exclusively by the Argentine Federal Police to citizens of Argentina.
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The peso (originally established as the peso convertible) is the currency of Argentina, identified by the symbol $ preceding the amount in the same way as many countries using dollar currencies.
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Asian Latin Americans are Latin Americans of East Asian, Southeast Asian or South Asian descent.
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The Associated Press (AP) is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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Bolivia (Buliwya; Wuliwya; Volívia), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region.
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The Brazilian Passport is the official document for foreign travel issued by the Brazilian government, through the Brazilian Federal Police.
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The real (Brazilian Portuguese:; pl. reais) is the present-day currency of Brazil.
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Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America.
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A business process or business method is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product (serve a particular goal) for a particular customer or customers.
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Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital, the center of the '''Greater Caracas Area''', and the largest city of Venezuela.
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The Central American Integration System (Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana, or SICA) is the economic and political organization of Central American states since February 1, 1993.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
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The Chicago Journal of International Law ("CJIL") is a semiannual, student-edited law review published by the University of Chicago Law School since spring 2000.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
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Civil law is a branch of the law.
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A collateral contract is a contract where the consideration is the entry into another contract, and co-exists side by side with the main contract.
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Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and it shares maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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In the United States, colonias are unregulated settlements that began to emerge with the advent of informal housing.
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Colonia del Sacramento (formerly the Portuguese Colónia do Sacramento) is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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A commercial policy (also referred to as a trade policy or international trade policy) is a set of rules and regulations that are intended to change international trade flows, particularly to restrict imports.
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A committee (or "commission") is a type of small deliberative assembly that is usually intended to remain subordinate to another, larger deliberative assembly.
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A -->congress --> is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, independent organizations (such as trade unions), or groups.
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Consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade, competition and accurate information in the marketplace.
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Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes called benefit–cost analysis (BCA), is a systematic approach to estimating the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives that satisfy transactions, activities or functional requirements for a business.
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The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit, 4900 member organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs, headquartered in New York City, with an additional office in Washington, D.C..
A customs union is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
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Danilo Ángel Astori Saragosa (born April 23, 1940) is a Uruguayan social democratic politician.
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Dispute resolution is the process of resolving disputes between parties.
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In law, domicile is the status or attribution of being a permanent resident in a particular jurisdiction.
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Economic integration is the unification of economic policies between different states through the partial or full abolition of tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade taking place among them prior to their integration.
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The economy of Argentina is a high-income economy, Latin America's third largest, and the fourth largest in the southern hemisphere.
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Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
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The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration between its member states.
The European Union (EU) is a politico-economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
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Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo, is a Bolivian politician and cocalero activist who has served as President of Bolivia since 2006.
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In finance, an exchange rate (also known as a foreign-exchange rate, forex rate, FX rate or Agio) between two currencies is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another.
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In economics, factors of production, resources, or inputs are what is used in the production process in order to produce output—that is, finished goods.
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A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.
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The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized market for the trading of currencies.
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A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a nation's foreign affairs.
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Free trade is a policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
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A free-trade area is the region encompassing a trade bloc whose member countries have signed a free trade agreement (FTA).
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The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) (Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas, Zone de libre-échange des Amériques, Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, Vrijhandelszone van Amerika) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas, excluding Cuba.
A free trade zone (FTZ) is a specific class of special economic zone.
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Fungibility is the property of a good or a commodity whose individual units are capable of mutual substitution.
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The Gaucho was the name of a currency intended to be used by Argentina and Brazil in the context of the Argentina-Brazil Integration and Economics Cooperation Program or PICE (Spanish: Programa de Integración y Cooperación Económica Argentina-Brasil) to make interregional payments.
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The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a multilateral agreement regulating international trade.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.
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A government or state agency, often an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency.
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Guarani, specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani subfamily of the Tupian languages.
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Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
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Hispanic America or Spanish America (Hispanoamérica, América española, or América hispana) is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.
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Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara (born 5 July 1956) is a Paraguayan businessman, and current Paraguay's president, elected as of the April 2013 elections, since 15 August 2013.
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Hydropower or water power (from the ύδρω, "water") is power derived from the energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes.
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Fernando Lugo, elected President of Paraguay in 2008, was impeached and removed from office by the Congress of Paraguay in June 2012.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, and their descendants. Pueblos indígenas (indigenous peoples) is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries. Aborigen (aboriginal/native) is used in Argentina, whereas "Amerindian" is used in Quebec and The Guianas but not commonly in other countries. Indigenous peoples are commonly known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, which include First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. According to the prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Asia (in particular North Asia) to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The majority of experts agree that the earliest migration via Beringia took place at least 13,500 years ago, with disputed evidence that people had migrated into the Americas much earlier, up to 40,000 years ago. These early Paleo-Indians spread throughout the Americas, diversifying into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations and tribes. According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living there since their genesis, described by a wide range of creation myths. Application of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. The Americas came to be known as the "West Indies", a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean sea. This led to the names "Indies" and "Indian", which implied some kind of racial or cultural unity among the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. This unifying concept, codified in law, religion, and politics, was not originally accepted by indigenous peoples but has been embraced by many over the last two centuries. Even though the term "Indian" often does not include the Aleuts, Inuit, or Yupik peoples, these groups are considered indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in Amazonia, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting, and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states, and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous Americans; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages, and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many Indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western society, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
An intergovernmental organization or international governmental organization (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states), or of other intergovernmental organizations.
Intermediation involves the "matching" of lenders with savings to borrowers who need money by an agent or third party, such as a bank.
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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, DC, of "188 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world".
José Sarney de Araújo Costa (born 24 April 1930) is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and writer who was President of Brazil from 15 March 1985 to 15 March 1990.
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Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Latin American Integration Association / Asociación Latinoamericana de Integración / Associação Latino-Americana de Integração (LAIA / ALADI) is an international and regional scope organization.
Latinobarómetro Corporation is a private non-profit organization, based in Providencia, Chile.
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This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population with inclusion within the list being based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1.
This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on the The World Factbook of the CIA.
Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.
This article includes four lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values.
This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year.
This article includes three lists of countries by gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e. the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
This is a list of countries by imports, based on the World Trade Organization and The World Factbook.
Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.
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Manaus, or Manaós before 1939, or (formerly) Lugar de Barra do Rio Negro, is the capital city of the state of Amazonas in northern Brazil.
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The Mercosur Parliament (Parlamento del Mercosur, Parlamento do Mercosul), known also as Parlasur, or Parlasul, is the parliamentary institution of the Mercosur trade bloc.
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Mestizo (Peninsular Spanish:, Latin American Spanish) is a term traditionally used in Spain and Spanish America to mean a person of combined European and Amerindian descent, or someone who would have been deemed a Castizo (one European parent and one Mestizo parent) regardless if the person was born in Mexico or outside of Latin America.
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Mexico (México), officially the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is a federal republic in North America.
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A monetary system is the set of institutions by which a government provides money in a country's economy.
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Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
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Nationalisation (an alternative spelling is nationalization) is the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.
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New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
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The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; French: Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
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An order of succession is the sequence of those entitled to hold a high office such as head of state or an honour such as a title of nobility in the order in which they stand in line to it when it becomes vacated.
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The Pacific Alliance (Alianza del Pacífico) is a Latin American trade bloc, with some features of further integration.
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Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay, Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
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The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; sign: ₲; code: PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay.
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Pardo is a word used in the Spanish colonies in America that refers to the descendants of Europeans and Amerindians who mixed with black people that formed persons who were neither mestizo nor mulatto.
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Peru (Perú; Piruw; Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
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Regions with a polar climate are characterized by a lack of warm summers.
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Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé and Príncipe.
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A privilege is a special entitlement to immunity granted by the state or another authority to a restricted group, either by birth or on a conditional basis.
Pro tempore, abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin phrase which best translates to "for the time being" in English.
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The 1994 Protocol of Ouro Preto was the continuation of economic policies setting up a customs union, as set forth four years earlier in the Treaty of Asuncion by the four original Mercosur states.
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In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings.
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Public law (lat. ius publicum) is that part of law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and those relationships between individuals which are of direct concern to the society.
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Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a component of some economic theories and is a technique used to determine the relative value of different currencies.
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Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín (12 March 1927 – 31 March 2009) was an Argentine lawyer, politician and statesman, who served as the President of Argentina from December 10, 1983, to July 8, 1989.
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Regional integration is a process in which neighboring states enter into an agreement in order to upgrade cooperation through common institutions and rules.
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Rio de Janeiro (January River), or simply Rio, is the second-largest city in Brazil, the sixth-largest city in the Americas, and the world's thirty-fifth-largest city by population.
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São Paulo (Saint Paul) is a municipality, metropolis and global city located in southeastern Brazil.
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A common market is usually referred to as the first stage towards the creation of a single market.
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Socioeconomics (also known as socio-economics or social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
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South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
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In international law, a sovereign state is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
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Spanish (español), also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers.
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The State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين), also known simply as Palestine, is a partially recognized ''de jure'' state in the Middle East.
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The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropic circle of latitude (the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn) and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere.
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A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states.
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Suriname (or, also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
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A tariff is a tax on imports or exports (an international trade tariff).
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The Independent is a British national morning newspaper published in London by Independent Print Limited, owned by Alexander Lebedev since 2010.
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Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire";; officially Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is an Argentine province.
A trade bloc is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where regional barriers to trade, (tariffs and non-tariff barriers) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states.
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Trade in Services refers to the sale and delivery of an intangible product, called a service, between a producer and consumer.
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The Treaty of Asunción was a treaty between the countries of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed on March 26, 1991.
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A tropical climate is a climate typically found within the Tropics, while a few locations outside the Tropics are considered to have a tropical climate.
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The Union of South American Nations, USAN; (Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR; União de Nações Sul-Americanas, UNASUL; Unie van Zuid-Amerikaanse Naties, UZAN) is an intergovernmental regional organization comprising 12 South American countries.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, US dollar or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its overseas territories.
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Uruguay, officially the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in the southeastern region of South America.
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Uruguayan peso has been a name of the Uruguayan currency since Uruguay's settlement by Europeans.
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Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
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The bolívar fuerte (sign: Bs.F. or Bs.; plural: bolívares fuertes; ISO 4217 code: VEF) has been the currency of Venezuela since 1 January 2008.
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Venezuelan passports are issued to citizens of Venezuela to travel outside the country.
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White Latin Americans are the people of Latin America who are considered white, typically due to European, or in some cases, Levantine descent.
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A working language (also procedural language) is a language that is given a unique legal status in a supranational company, society, state or other body or organization as its primary means of communication.
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The 4th Summit of the Americas was held at Mar del Plata, about southeast of Buenos Aires in Argentina, on November 4–5, 2005.
MERCOSUL, MERCOSUR, MerCoSur, Mercado Comum do Sul, Mercado Comun del Sur, Mercado Común del Sur, Mercasur, MercoSur, Mercosul, Mercusor, Mercusur, Southern Common Market, Southern Cone Common Market, Ñemby Ñemuha.