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Merkabah mysticism

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Merkabah/Merkavah mysticism (or Chariot mysticism) is a school of early Jewish mysticism, c. 100 BCE – 1000 CE, centered on visions such as those found in the Book of Ezekiel chapter, or in the hekhalot ("palaces") literature, concerning stories of ascents to the heavenly palaces and the Throne of God. [1]

165 relations: Abaye, Akiva ben Joseph, Alan F. Segal, Analogy, Anthropomorphism in Kabbalah, Apocalyptic literature, Apostasy in Judaism, ArtScroll, Assiah, Atziluth, Ayin and Yesh, Babylonian captivity, Beri'ah, Biblical canon, Blasphemy, Book of Daniel, Book of Ezekiel, Book of Isaiah, Book of Revelation, Chariots of the Gods?, Charity (practice), Chassidei Ashkenaz, Cherub, Chokhmah (Kabbalah), Christian mysticism, Classical element, Contact (1997 American film), Cosmogony, Crossing the Red Sea, Cult (religious practice), Daniel Boyarin, David, Dead Sea Scrolls, Demonology, Eleazar ben Azariah, Elisha ben Abuyah, Elliot R. Wolfson, Enoch (ancestor of Noah), Enthronement, Eschatology, Exegesis, Ezekiel, Ezekiel Airship, Ezekiel Saw the Wheel, Fallen angel, Four Evangelists, Four Worlds, Gemara, Genesis creation narrative, Gershom Scholem, ..., Gnosticism, God, Hagigah, Halakha, Hasidic philosophy, Hebrew alphabet, Hebrew Bible, Hebrew language, Hekhalot literature, Hellenistic period, Hermeneutics, Hiyya bar Abba, Homiletics, Hymn, Idolatry, Incantation, Isaiah, Jerusalem Talmud, Jewish angelic hierarchy, Jewish commentaries on the Bible, Jewish Encyclopedia, Jewish messianism, Jewish mysticism, Jewish philosophy, Jewish prayer, Jews, Johanan ben Zakai, Joseph Dan, Justice, Kabbalah, Kedushah, Knowing (film), Leopold Zunz, Leviticus Rabbah, Living creatures (Bible), Maaseh Merkabah, Maimonides, Mantra, Masoretic Text, Megillah (Talmud), Merkabah mysticism, Merkava, Metaphor, Metatron, Mishnah, Moses, Moses de León, Muraqaba, Music, Names of God in Judaism, Neoplatonism, Nevi'im, Ohr, Ophanim, Organism, Paradigm, Pardes (legend), Partzufim, Paul the Apostle, Peter Schäfer, Practical Kabbalah, Project U.F.O., Pythagoreanism, Q-D-Š, Quadriga, Qumran, Rabbi, Rabbi Ammi, Rabbi Ishmael, Rabbinic Judaism, Rabbinic literature, Rachel Elior, Rava (amora), Retinue, Ritual purification, Sapphire, Second Temple, Sefer Yetzirah, Semitic root, Sephirot, Seraph, Seven Heavens, Shabbat (Talmud), Shavuot, Shi'ur Qomah, Simeon bar Yochai, Simeon ben Azzai, Simeon ben Zoma, Sirach, Solomon's Temple, Song of Songs, Stoicism, Sukkah, Synagogue, Talmid Chacham, Talmud, Tannaim, Tetramorph, The Guide for the Perplexed, The Spaceships of Ezekiel, Theology, Theurgy, Thirteen Attributes of Mercy, Throne of God, Throne room, Torah, Tosefta, Tzedakah, Vimana, Vision (spirituality), Western esotericism, Yetzirah, Zera, Zohar, 3 Enoch. Expand index (115 more) »


Abaye (אַבַּיֵי) was a rabbi of the Jewish Talmud who lived in Babylonia, known as an amora born about the close of the third century; died 339 CE (see Talmudic Academies in Babylonia).

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Akiva ben Joseph

Akiva ben Joseph (עקיבא בן יוסף; c. 40 – c. 137 CE), widely known as Rabbi Akiva (רבי עקיבא), was a tanna of the latter part of the 1st century and the beginning of the 2nd century (3rd tannaitic generation).

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Alan F. Segal

Alan F. Segal (August 2, 1945 – February 13, 2011) was a scholar of ancient religions, specializing in Judaism's relationship to Christianity.

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Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.

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Anthropomorphism in Kabbalah

Kabbalah, the central system in Jewish mysticism, uses subtle anthropomorphic analogies and metaphors to describe God in Judaism.

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Apocalyptic literature

Apocalyptic literature is a genre of prophetical writing that developed in post-Exilic Jewish culture and was popular among millennialist early Christians.

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Apostasy in Judaism

In Judaism, apostasy refers to the rejection of Judaism and possible defection to another religion by a Jew.

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ArtScroll is an imprint of translations, books and commentaries from an Orthodox Jewish perspective published by Mesorah Publications, Ltd., a publishing company based in Brooklyn, New York.

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Assiah (or 'Asiyah, also known as Olam Asiyah, עולם עשיה in Hebrew, literally "the World of Action") is the last of the four spiritual worlds of the Kabbalah—Atziluth, Beri'ah, Yetzirah, 'Asiyah—based on the passage in.

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Atziluth or Atzilut (also Olam Atzilut, עולם אצילות, literally "the World of Emanation"), is the highest of four worlds in which exists the Kabbalistic Tree of Life.

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Ayin and Yesh

Ayin (אַיִן, meaning "nothingness", related to Ain-"not") is an important concept in Kabbalah and Hasidic philosophy.

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Babylonian captivity

The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of Judahites of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.

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Beri'ah (Hebrew: בריאה or בריה), Briyah, or Briah (also known as Olam Briah, עולם בריאה in Hebrew, literally "the World of Creation"), is the second of the four celestial worlds in the Tree of Life of the Kabbalah, intermediate between the World of Emanation (Atziluth) and the World of Formation (Yetzirah), the third world, that of the angels.

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Biblical canon

A biblical canon, or canon of scripture, is a list of books considered to be authoritative scripture by a particular religious community.

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Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence for God, to religious or holy persons or things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.

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Book of Daniel

The Book of Daniel is an "account of the activities and visions of Daniel, a noble Jew exiled at Babylon." In the Hebrew Bible it is found in the Ketuvim (writings), while in Christian Bibles it is grouped with the Major Prophets.

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Book of Ezekiel

The Book of Ezekiel is the third of the Major Prophets in the Tanakh and one of the major prophetic books in the Old Testament, following Isaiah and Jeremiah.

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Book of Isaiah

The Book of Isaiah (ספר ישעיה., "Sefer Yeshayahu") is the first of the Latter Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the first of the Major Prophets in English Bibles.

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Book of Revelation

The Book of Revelation, often known simply as Revelation or The Apocalypse of John, is a book of the New Testament that occupies a central place in Christian eschatology.

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Chariots of the Gods?

Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past (Erinnerungen an die Zukunft: Ungelöste Rätsel der Vergangenheit; in English, Memories of the Future: Unsolved Mysteries of the Past) is a book authored in 1968 by Erich von Däniken.

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Charity (practice)

The practice of charity means the voluntary giving of help to those in need, as a humanitarian act.

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Chassidei Ashkenaz

The Chassidei Ashkenaz (חסידי אשכנז "German Pietists") were a Jewish mystical, ascetic movement in the German Rhineland during the 12th and 13th centuries.

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A cherub (also pl. cherubim; Hebrew כְּרוּב, pl. כְּרוּבִים, English trans kərūv, pl. kərūvîm, dual kərūvāyim; Latin cherub, pl. cherubin, cherubim; Syriac ܟܪܘܒܐ), is a winged angelic being who is considered to attend on the Abrahamic God in biblical tradition.

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Chokhmah (Kabbalah)

Chokhmah ("Wisdom"; Hebrew: חכמה; also chochmah or hokhmah) is the uppermost of the sephirot of the right line (kav yamin, the "Pillar of Mercy") in the kabbalistic Tree of Life.

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Christian mysticism

Christian mysticism refers to the development of mystical practices and theory within Christianity.

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Classical element

Many philosophies and worldviews have a set of classical elements believed to reflect the simplest essential parts and principles of which anything can consist or upon which the constitution and fundamental powers of everything are based.

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Contact (1997 American film)

Contact is a 1997 American science fiction drama film directed by Robert Zemeckis.

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Cosmogony (or cosmogeny) is any model concerning the coming-into-existence (i.e. origin) of either the cosmos (i.e. universe), or the so-called reality of sentient beings.

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Crossing the Red Sea

The Crossing of the Red Sea (Hebrew: קריעת ים סוף Kriat Yam Suph - Crossing of the Sea of Reeds) is part of the Biblical narrative of the escape of the Israelites, led by Moses, from the pursuing Egyptians in the Book of Exodus.

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Cult (religious practice)

Cult is literally the "care" (Latin cultus) owed to God or gods and to temples, shrines, or churches.

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Daniel Boyarin

Daniel Boyarin (דניאל בוירין; born 1946) is a historian of religion.

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David (ISO 259-3 Dawid; داوُود; ܕܘܝܕ Dawid; Δαυίδ; Strong's: Daveed) was, according to the Books of Samuel, the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel, and according to the New Testament, an ancestor of Jesus.

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Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls, in the narrow sense of Qumran Caves Scrolls, are a collection of some 981 different texts discovered between 1946 and 1956 in eleven caves from the immediate vicinity of the ancient settlement at Khirbet Qumran in the West Bank.

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Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons.

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Eleazar ben Azariah

Eleazar ben Azariah (אלעזר בן עזריה), was a 1st-century CE Jewish tanna, i.e. Mishnaic sage.

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Elisha ben Abuyah

Elisha ben Abuyah (אלישע בן אבויה) (spelled variously, including Elisha ben Avuya) was a rabbi and Jewish religious authority born in Jerusalem sometime before 70 CE.

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Elliot R. Wolfson

Elliot R. Wolfson (born 23 November 1956) is the Abraham Lieberman Professor of Hebrew and Judaic Studies at New York University.

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Enoch (ancestor of Noah)

Enoch (إدريس ʼIdrīs) is a figure in biblical literature.

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An enthronement is a ceremony of inauguration, involving a person—usually a monarch or religious leader—being formally seated for the first time upon their throne.

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Eschatology is a part of theology concerned with the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity.

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Exegesis (from the Greek ἐξήγησις from ἐξηγεῖσθαι 'to lead out') is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text.

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Ezekiel (יְחֶזְקֵאל, Y'ḥez'qel), meaning "May God strengthen him", "God will strengthen" (from חזק, ḥazaq,, literally "to fasten upon", figuratively "strong", and אל, el,, literally "God", and so figuratively "The Almighty") is the central protagonist of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible.

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Ezekiel Airship

The Ezekiel Airship was an early experimental aircraft claimed to have flown in 1902 in Pittsburg, Texas, a year before the Wright Flyer flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

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Ezekiel Saw the Wheel

"Ezekiel Saw the Wheel" is a folk song.

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Fallen angel

A fallen angel is a wicked or rebellious angel that has been cast out of heaven.

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Four Evangelists

In Christian tradition, the Four Evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the authors attributed with the creation of the four Gospel accounts in the New Testament that bear the following titles: Gospel according to Matthew; Gospel according to Mark; Gospel according to Luke and Gospel according to John.

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Four Worlds

The Four Worlds (עולמות Olamot/Olamos, singular: Olam עולם), sometimes counted with a prior stage to make Five Worlds, are the comprehensive categories of spiritual realms in Kabbalah in the descending chain of Existence.

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The Gemara (also transliterated Gemora, Gemarah or, less commonly, Gemorra; 'גמרא' noun - from Aramaic verb gamar, literally, "study") is the component of the Talmud comprising rabbinical analysis of and commentary on the Mishnah.

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Genesis creation narrative

The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity.

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Gershom Scholem

Gerhard Scholem who, after his immigration from Germany to Palestine, changed his name to Gershom Scholem (Hebrew: גרשם שלום) (December 5, 1897 – February 21, 1982), was a German-born Israeli philosopher and historian.

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Gnosticism (from γνωστικός gnostikos, "having knowledge", from γνῶσις, knowledge) is a modern term categorizing a collection of ancient religions whose adherents shunned the material world – which they viewed as created by the demiurge – and embraced the spiritual world.

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In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.

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Tractate Ḥagigah (literally "Festival Offering") deals with the Three Pilgrimage Festivals (Passover, Shavuot, Sukkot) and the pilgrimage offering that men were supposed to bring in Jerusalem.

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Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.

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Hasidic philosophy

Hasidic philosophy or Hasidus (Hebrew: חסידות), alternatively transliterated as Hassidism, Chassidism, Chassidut etc.

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Hebrew alphabet

The Hebrew alphabet (אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי), known variously by scholars as the Jewish script, square script, block script, is used in the writing of the Hebrew language, as well as of other Jewish languages, most notably Yiddish, Ladino, and Judeo-Arabic.

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Hebrew Bible

Hebrew Bible or Hebrew Scriptures (Biblia Hebraica) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the Tanakh (תנ"ך), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of the several canonical editions of the Christian Old Testament.

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Hebrew language

Hebrew is a West Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.

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Hekhalot literature

The Hekhalot literature (sometimes transliterated Heichalot) from the Hebrew word for "Palaces", relating to visions of ascents into heavenly palaces.

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Hellenistic period

The Hellenistic period covers the period of ancient Greek (Hellenic) history and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.

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Hermeneutics is the theory and methodology of text interpretation, especially the interpretation of biblical texts, wisdom literature, and philosophical texts.

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Hiyya bar Abba

Hiyya bar Abba or Rabbi Hiyya (ca. 180-230 CE) (Hebrew: רבי חייא בר אבא) was an amoraic sage of priestly descent who lived in the latter Mishnaic period.

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Homiletics (Gr. homiletikos, from homilos, to assemble together), in theology, is the application of the general principles of rhetoric to the specific department of public preaching.

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A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praising GOD, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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Idolatry is the worship of an idol or a physical object as a representation of a god.

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An incantation or enchantment is a charm or spell created using words.

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Isaiah (or;; ܐܫܥܝܐ Eshaya; Greek: Ἠσαΐας, Ēsaïās; Arabic: إشعيا Ishiya; "Yah is salvation") was a prophet documented by the Biblical Book of Isaiah to have lived around the time of 8th-century BCE Kingdom of Judah.

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Jerusalem Talmud

The Jerusalem Talmud (תַּלְמוּד יְרוּשָׁלְמִי, Talmud Yerushalmi, often Yerushalmi for short) is a collection of Rabbinic notes on the 2nd-century Jewish oral tradition known as the Mishnah.

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Jewish angelic hierarchy

Angels in Judaism (angel: מַלְאָךְ mal’āḵ, plural mal’āḵīm) appear throughout the Hebrew Bible, Talmud, Rabbinic literature, and traditional Jewish liturgy.

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Jewish commentaries on the Bible

Jewish commentaries on the Bible deals with the first printing of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) with major Jewish commentaries, notes concerning translations into Aramaic and English, lists some universally accepted Jewish commentaries with notes on their method of approach and lists modern translations into English with notes.

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Jewish Encyclopedia

The Jewish Encyclopedia is an English encyclopedia containing over 15,000 articles on the history, culture, and state of Judaism and the Jews up to the early 20th century.

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Jewish messianism

Messiah (מָשִׁיחַ; mashiach, mashiah, moshiah, or moshiach, "anointed ") is a term used in the Hebrew Bible to describe priests and kings, who were traditionally anointed with holy anointing oil as described in.

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Jewish mysticism

Academic study of Jewish mysticism, especially since Gershom Scholem's Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941), distinguishes between different forms of mysticism across different eras of Jewish history.

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Jewish philosophy

Jewish philosophy includes all philosophy carried out by Jews, or in relation to the religion of Judaism.

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Jewish prayer

Jewish prayer (תְּפִלָּה, tefillah; plural תְּפִלּוֹת, tefillos or tefillot; Yiddish תּפֿלה tfile, plural תּפֿלות tfilles; Yinglish: davening from Yiddish דאַוונען daven ‘to pray’) are the prayer recitations and Jewish meditation traditions that form part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism.

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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Johanan ben Zakai

Yohanan ben Zakkai(יוחנן בן זכאי, 30 BCE- 90 CE), also known as Johanan B. Zakkai, or in short ריב״ז (Ribaz), was one of the tannaim, an important Jewish sage in the era of the Second Temple, and a primary contributor to the core text of Rabbinical Judaism, the Mishnah.

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Joseph Dan

Joseph Dan (יוסף דן, born 1935) is an Israeli scholar of Jewish mysticism.

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Justice, in its broadest context, includes both the attainment of that which is just and the philosophical discussion of that which is just.

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Kabbalah (קַבָּלָה, literally "receiving/tradition") is an esoteric method, discipline, and school of thought that originated in Judaism.

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The Kedushah (קדושה) is traditionally the third section of all Amidah recitations.

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Knowing (film)

Knowing is a 2009 science fiction thriller film directed by Alex Proyas and starring Nicolas Cage.

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Leopold Zunz

Leopold Zunz (Hebrew/Yiddish: יום טוב ליפמן צונץ—Yom Tov Lipmann Tzuntz; 10 August 1794 – 17 March 1886) was the founder of academic Judaic Studies (Wissenschaft des Judentums), the critical investigation of Jewish literature, hymnology and ritual.

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Leviticus Rabbah

Leviticus Rabbah, Vayikrah Rabbah, or Wayiqra Rabbah is a homiletic midrash to the Biblical book of Leviticus (Vayikrah in Hebrew).

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Living creatures (Bible)

The living creatures, living beings, or Hayyoth (Hebrew חַיּוֹת chayot, from חַיּ chai, "to live") are a class of heavenly beings described in Ezekiel's vision of the heavenly chariot in the first and tenth chapters of the Book of Ezekiel.

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Maaseh Merkabah

The Ma'aseh Merkabah ("Work of the Chariot" מעשה מרכבה) is a Hebrew-language Jewish mystical text dating from the Gaonic period which comprises a collection of hymns recited by the "descenders" and heard during their ascent.

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Moshe ben Maimon (משה בן-מימון), or Mūsā ibn Maymūn (موسى بن ميمون), acronymed Rambam (רמב"ם – for "Rabbeinu Moshe Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi/Teacher Moses Son of Maimon"), and Latinized Moses Maimonides, a preeminent medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher and astronomer, became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages.

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"Mantra" means a sacred utterance, numinous sound, or a syllable, word, phonemes, or group of words believed by some to have psychological and spiritual power in Sanskrit.

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Masoretic Text

The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or \mathfrak) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism.

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Megillah (Talmud)

Megillah is the tenth Tractate of Mishnah in the Order Moed.

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Merkabah mysticism

Merkabah/Merkavah mysticism (or Chariot mysticism) is a school of early Jewish mysticism, c. 100 BCE – 1000 CE, centered on visions such as those found in the Book of Ezekiel chapter, or in the hekhalot ("palaces") literature, concerning stories of ascents to the heavenly palaces and the Throne of God.

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The Merkava (Hebrew:, "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces.

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A metaphor is a figure of speech that identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing for rhetorical effect, thus highlighting the similarities between the two.

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Metatron (Hebrew מטטרון) or Mattatron is an archangel in Judaism, known as the Recording Angel or the Chancellor of Heaven (which makes Adramelech his infernal counterpart).

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The Mishnah or Mishna (מִשְׁנָה, "study by repetition"), from the verb shanah שנה, or "to study and review", also "secondary," is the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah".

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Moses (מֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Moushe; موسى; Mωϋσῆς in both the Septuagint and the New Testament) is a prophet in Abrahamic religions.

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Moses de León

Moses de León (c. 1250 – 1305), known in Hebrew as Moshe ben Shem-Tov (משה בן שם-טוב די-ליאון), was a Spanish rabbi and Kabbalist who is considered the composer or redactor of the Zohar.

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Muraqaba (مراقبة, an originally Arabic word meaning "to watch over", "to take care of", or "to keep an eye") is the Sufi word for meditation.

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Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence.

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Names of God in Judaism

The name of God used most often in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton YHWH (יהוה), frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh but written in most editions of the Bible as "the " owing to the Jewish tradition of reading it as Adonai ("My Lords") out of respect.

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Neoplatonism is a modern term for a period of philosophy in the late Roman empire, which began with the philosopher Plotinus in the 3rd century CE and continued with his critics and commentators until the 529 CE closing of the Platonic Academy in Athens, symptom of the general shift in Roman culture against Hellenic pagan philosophy to Christian dogma.

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Nevi'im (נְבִיאִים Nəḇî'îm, "Prophets") is the second main division of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh), between the Torah (instruction) and Ketuvim (writings).

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Ohr ("Light" אור; plural: Ohros/Ohrot "Lights" אורות) is a central Kabbalistic term in the Jewish mystical tradition.

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The ophanim or ofanim, also Ophde (Hebrew "wheels" אוֹפַנִּים ’ōphannīm; singular אוֺפָן ’ōphān) refer to the wheels seen on Ezekiel's vision of the chariot (Hebrew merkabah) in.

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In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant or bacterium.

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In science and epistemology (the theory of knowledge), a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.

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Pardes (legend)

Pardes (Hebrew: פרדס orchard) is the subject of a Jewish aggadah ("legend") about four rabbis of the Mishnaic period (1st century CE) who visited the Orchard (that is, Paradise): Four men entered pardes — Ben Azzai, Ben Zoma, Acher (Elisha ben Abuyah), and Akiba.

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Partzufim/Partsufim (פרצופים, singular Partzuf, פרצוף), meaning Divine "Personae / Visages / Faces / Forms / Configurations", are particular reconfigured arrangements of the 10 sephirot Divine attributes/emanations of Kabbalah into harmonised interactions in Creation.

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Paul the Apostle

Paul the Apostle (Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), originally known as Saul of Tarsus (שאול התרסי; Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world.

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Peter Schäfer

Peter Schäfer (b. 1943 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany) is a prolific scholar of ancient religious studies, who has made contributions to the field of ancient Judaism and Christianity through monographs, co-edited volumes, numerous articles, and his trademark synoptic editions.

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Practical Kabbalah

Practical Kabbalah (Heb: קבלה מעשית Kabbalah Ma'asit) in historical Judaism, is a branch of the Jewish mystical tradition that concerns the use of magic.

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Project U.F.O.

Project U.F.O. is a late 1970s NBC television series which lasted two seasons, from 1978 to 1979.

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Pythagoreanism originated in the 5th century BCE, based on teachings, or beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics, music and astronomy.

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Q-D-Š is a triconsonantal Semitic root meaning "sacred, holy", derived from a concept central to ancient Semitic religion.

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A quadriga (Latin quadri-, four, and iugum, yoke) is a car or chariot drawn by four horses abreast (the Roman Empire's equivalent of Ancient Greek tethrippon).

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Qumran (קומראן; خربة قمران) is an archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National Park.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Rabbi Ammi

Ammi, Aimi, Immi (Hebrew: רבי אמי) is the name of several Jewish Talmudists, known as amoraim, who lived in the Land of Israel and Babylonia.

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Rabbi Ishmael

Rabbi Ishmael “Ba’al HaBaraita” or Ishmael ben Elisha (90-135 CE, Hebrew: רבי ישמעאל בעל הברייתא) was a Tanna of the 1st and 2nd centuries (third tannaitic generation).

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Rabbinic Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism or Rabbinism (Hebrew: יהדות רבנית Yahadut Rabanit) has been the mainstream form of Judaism since the 6th century CE, after the codification of the Babylonian Talmud.

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Rabbinic literature

Rabbinic literature, in its broadest sense, can mean the entire spectrum of rabbinic writings throughout Jewish history.

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Rachel Elior

Rachel Elior (born 28 December 1949) is an Israeli professor of Jewish philosophy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Jerusalem, Israel.

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Rava (amora)

Abba ben Joseph bar Ḥama (c. 280 – 352 CE), who is exclusively referred to in the Talmud by the name Rava (רבא), was a fourth-generation rabbi (amora) who lived in Mahoza, a suburb of Ctesiphon, the capital of Babylonia.

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A retinue is a body of persons "retained" in the service of a noble or royal personage, a suite (literal French meaning: what follows) of "retainers".

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Ritual purification

Ritual purification is a feature of many religions.

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Sapphire (σάπφειρος; sappheiros, 'blue stone', which probably referred instead at the time to lapis lazuli) is a typically blue gemstone variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide.

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Second Temple

The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, Bet HaMikdash HaSheni; بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds) which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE.

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Sefer Yetzirah

Sefer Yetzirah (Hebrew, Sēpher Yəṣîrâh, Book of Formation, or Book of Creation, ספר יצירה) is the title of the earliest extant book on Jewish esotericism, although some early commentators treated it as a treatise on mathematical and linguistic theory as opposed to Kabbalah.

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Semitic root

The roots of verbs and most nouns in the Semitic languages are characterized as a sequence of consonants or "radicals" (hence the term consonantal root).

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Sephirot (סְפִירוֹת Səphîrôṯ), meaning emanations, are the 10 attributes/emanations in Kabbalah, through which Ein Sof (The Infinite) reveals himself and continuously creates both the physical realm and the chain of higher metaphysical realms (Seder hishtalshelus).

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A seraph (pl. seraphs or seraphim, in the King James Version also seraphims (plural); Hebrew: שָׂרָף śārāf, plural שְׂרָפִים śərāfîm; Latin: seraphim and seraphin (plural), also seraphus (-i, m.); σεραφείμ serapheím) is a type of celestial or heavenly being in Christianity and Judaism.

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Seven Heavens

In religious or mythological cosmology, the seven heavens refer to the seven divisions of the Heaven, the abode of immortal beings, or the visible sky, the expanse containing the Sun, Moon and the stars.

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Shabbat (Talmud)

Shabbat (שבת) is first tractate (book) in the Order (Mishnaic section) of Moed, of the Mishnah and Talmud.

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Shavuot (or Shovuos, in Ashkenazi usage; Shavuʿoth in Sephardi and Mizrahi Hebrew (שבועות, lit. "Weeks"), known as the Feast of Weeks in English and as Pentecost (Πεντηκοστή) in Ancient Greek, is a Jewish holiday that occurs on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan (late May or early June). Shavuot has a double significance. It marks the all-important wheat harvest in the Land of Israel; and it commemorates the anniversary of the day God gave the Torah to the entire nation of Israel assembled at Mount Sinai, although the association between the giving of the Torah (Matan Torah) and Shavuot is not explicit in the Biblical text. The holiday is one of the Shalosh Regalim, the three Biblical pilgrimage festivals. It marks the conclusion of the Counting of the Omer, and its date is directly linked to that of Passover. The Torah mandates the seven-week Counting of the Omer, beginning on the second day of Passover, to be immediately followed by Shavuot. This counting of days and weeks is understood to express anticipation and desire for the giving of the Torah. On Passover, the people of Israel were freed from their enslavement to Pharaoh; on Shavuot they were given the Torah and became a nation committed to serving God. The word Shavuot means weeks, and the festival of Shavuot marks the completion of the seven-week counting period between Passover and Shavuot. Shavuot is one of the lesser-known Jewish holidays among secular Jews in the Jewish diaspora, while those in Israel are more aware of it. According to Jewish law, Shavuot is celebrated in Israel for one day and in the Diaspora (outside of Israel) for two days. Reform Judaism celebrates only one day, even in the Diaspora.

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Shi'ur Qomah

Shi’ur Qomah (Hebrew: שיעור קומה, lit. Divine Dimensions or Elevation Gate) is a Midrashic text that is part of the Heichalot literature.

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Simeon bar Yochai

Simeon bar Yochai (Aramaic: רבן שמעון בר יוחאי, Rabban Shimon bar Yochai), also known by his acronym Rashbi, was a 2nd-century tannaitic sage in ancient Israel, said to be active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.

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Simeon ben Azzai

Simeon ben Azzai or simply Ben Azzai (Hebrew: שמעון בן עזאי) was a distinguished tanna of the first third of the 2nd century.

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Simeon ben Zoma

Simon ben Zoma or simply Ben Zoma (Hebrew: בן זומא) was a Tanna of the first third of the 2nd century.

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The Book of the All-Virtuous Wisdom of Joshua ben Sira, commonly called the Wisdom of Sirach or simply Sirach, and also known as the Book of Ecclesiasticus (abbreviated Ecclus.) or Ben Sira, is a work of ethical teachings from approximately 200 to 175 BCE written by the Jewish scribe Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira of Jerusalem, on the inspiration of his father Joshua son of Sirach, sometimes called Jesus son of Sirach or Yeshua Ben Eliezer Ben Sira.

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Solomon's Temple

According to the Bible, Solomon's Temple, also known as the First Temple, was the Holy Temple (בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ: Bet HaMikdash) in ancient Jerusalem, on the Temple Mount (also known as Mount Zion), before its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar II after the Siege of Jerusalem of 587 BCE.

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Song of Songs

The Song of Songs, also known as the Song of Solomon, the Canticle of Canticles, or simply Canticles (Hebrew: Šîr HašŠîrîm ; Greek: ᾎσμα ᾈσμάτων asma asmaton, both meaning "song of songs"), is one of the megillot (scrolls) of the Ketuvim (the "Writings", the last section of the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible), and the fifth of the "wisdom" books of the Christian Old Testament.

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Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium in the early 3rd century BC.

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A (סוכה, plural, סוכות; sukkoth, often translated as "booth") is a temporary hut constructed for use during the week-long Jewish festival of Sukkot.

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A synagogue, also spelled synagog (from Greek συναγωγή, transliterated synagogē, meaning "assembly"; בית כנסת beth knesset, meaning "house of assembly"; בית תפילה beth t'fila, meaning "house of prayer"; שול shul; אסנוגה esnoga; קהל kahal), is a Jewish house of prayer.

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Talmid Chacham

Talmid Chacham (Hebrew: תלמיד חכם, "wise student"; pl. Talmidei Chachamim; in Talmudic Hebrew Talmidh Ḥakham and Talmidhe Ḥakhamin) is an honorific title given to one well versed in Jewish law, in effect, a Torah scholar.

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The Talmud (Hebrew: talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root lmd "teach, study") is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism.

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A tetramorph is a symbolic arrangement of four differing elements, or the combination of four disparate elements in one unit.

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The Guide for the Perplexed

The Guide for the Perplexed (Hebrew: מורה נבוכים, Moreh Nevukhim; Arabic: دلالة الحائرين, dalālatul ḥā’irīn) is one of the three major works of Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, primarily known either as Maimonides, in the West, or by the acronym RAMBAM (רמב"ם – for "Rabbeynu Mosheh Ben Maimon", "Our Rabbi Moses Son of Maimon"), by the Jewish People.

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The Spaceships of Ezekiel

The Spaceships of Ezekiel (1974) is a book by Josef F. Blumrich (March 17, 1913 – February 10, 2002) about a spaceship that was supposedly observed by the prophet Ezekiel, written while the author was chief of NASA's systems layout branch of the program development office at the Marshall Space Flight Center.

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Theology is the systematic and rational study of concepts of God and of the nature of religious ideas, but can also mean the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university, seminary, or school of divinity.

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Theurgy (from Greek θεουργία) describes the practice of rituals, sometimes seen as magical in nature, performed with the intention of invoking the action or evoking the presence of one or more gods, especially with the goal of uniting with the divine, achieving henosis, and perfecting oneself.

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Thirteen Attributes of Mercy

The Thirteen Attributes of Mercy or Shelosh-'Esreh Middot HaRakhamim (transliterated from the Hebrew:שָׁלוֹשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה מִידוֹת הרַחֲמִים) as enumerated in the Book of Exodus are the Divine Attributes with which, according to Judaism, God governs the world.

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Throne of God

The Throne of God is the reigning centre of the sole deity of the Abrahamic religions: primarily Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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Throne room

A throne room is the room, often rather a hall, in the official residence of the crown, either a palace or a fortified castle, where the throne of a senior figure (usually a monarch) is set up with elaborate pomp— usually raised, often with steps, and under a canopy, both of which are part of the original notion of the Greek word thronos.

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Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction, Teaching"), or the Pentateuch, is the central reference of the religious Judaic tradition.

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The Tosefta (Talmudic Aramaic: תוספתא, "supplement, addition") is a compilation of the Jewish oral law from the late 2nd century, the period of the Mishnah.

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Tzedakah or Ṣ'daqah in Classical Hebrew (צדקה; صدقة), is a Hebrew word literally meaning justice or righteousness but commonly used to signify charity, though it is a different concept from charity because tzedakah is an obligation and charity is typically understood as a spontaneous act of goodwill and a marker of generosity.

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Vimāna is a mythological flying palace or chariot described in Hindu texts and Sanskrit epics.

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Vision (spirituality)

Vision is that which is seen in a dream, trance, or religious ecstasy, especially a supernatural appearance that usually conveys a revelation.

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Western esotericism

Western esotericism, also called esotericism and esoterism, is a scholarly "generic label for a large and complicated group of historical phenomena" which share an air de famille.

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Yetzirah (also known as Olam Yetsirah, עולם יצירה in Hebrew) is the third of four worlds in the Kabbalistic Tree of Life, following Atziluth and Briah and preceding Assiah.

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Zera is a genus of skippers in the family Hesperiidae.

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The Zohar (זֹהַר, lit. "Splendor" or "Radiance") is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish mystical thought known as Kabbalah.

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3 Enoch

3 Enoch is an Old Testament Apocryphal book.

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Redirects here:

Early Jewish mysticism, Ezekiel's Wheel, Ezekiel's wheel, First Vision of Ezekiel, First vision of Ezekiel, Heikhalot Literature and "Four Entered Pardes", Hekhalot, Maaseh Merkavah, MerKaBa, Mercaba, Mercabah, Mercavah, Merkaba, Merkabah, Merkavah, Merkavah mysticism, Throne mysticism, מרכבה.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merkabah_mysticism

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