154 relations: Abalone, Acoma Pueblo, Adobe, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, American Society of Civil Engineers, Ancestral Puebloans, Antiquities Act, Archaic period (North America), Aztec Ruins National Monument, Basketmaker culture, Basketmaker III Era, Berm, Bison, British Museum, Cannibalism, Canyon, Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Cardinal direction, Ceramic, Cercocarpus, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, Check dam, Chert, Civilian Conservation Corps, Cleome, Cliff dwelling, Cliff Palace, Clover, Clovis culture, Colorado, Colorado Plateau, Common Era, Complete protein, Cortez, Colorado, Creative Commons, Cretaceous, Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Cuesta, Culturally modified tree, CyArk, Dakota Formation, Dendrochronology, Descurainia sophia, Dominguez–Escalante expedition, Dryland farming, Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, Folsom tradition, Four Corners, Frederick H. Chapin, ..., Great Basin, Great house (pueblo), Great North Road (Ancestral Puebloans), Gustaf Nordenskiöld, Herradura (Ancestral Puebloans), History Colorado, Hopi, Human migration, Hyde Exploring Expedition, Igneous rock, Jacal, Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, Jesse Walter Fewkes, Juniper, Kiva, Knapping, Kokopelli, La Plata Mountains, Laguna Pueblo, Late Basketmaker II Era, Legume, List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks, List of national parks of the United States, List of World Heritage Sites in North America, Little Colorado River, Lucy Evelyn Peabody, Lunar standstill, Mancos River, Mancos Shale, Mancos, Colorado, Manganese, Menefee Formation, Mesa, Mesa Verde Administrative District, Mesa Verde region, Midden, Mogollon Rim, Montezuma County, Colorado, Motif (visual arts), Mule deer, Mural, National Museum of Finland, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, Neutron activation analysis, New York Daily Graphic, Obsidian, Opuntia, Pack rat, Pajarito Plateau, Paleo-Indians, Petroglyph, Pinyon pine, Pit-house, Pitch (resin), Plateau, Point Lookout Sandstone, Projectile point, Pueblo, Pueblo II Period, Richard Wetherill, Rio Chama, Rio Grande Valley, Rock art, Rocky Mountains, Sagebrush, San Juan Basin, San Juan Mountains, San Juan River (Colorado River tributary), Sandstone, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Scalping, Seep (hydrology), Sipapu, Smithsonian Institution, Southwestern United States, Spear-thrower, Sphaeralcea, Stitching awl, Sunset (magazine), Tertiary, Theodore Roosevelt, Tomatillo, Tumbleweed, Turquoise, U.S. Route 160, UNESCO, United States, United States Department of the Interior, United States Secretary of the Interior, Ute Mountain, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Ute people, Virginia Donaghe McClurg, Wildfire, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Winter solstice, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, Yellow Jacket Pueblo, Yucca, ZIP Code, Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico. Expand index (104 more) » « Shrink index
Abalone (or; via Spanish abulón, from Rumsen aulón) is a common name for any of a group of small to very large sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Haliotidae.
Acoma Pueblo is a Native American pueblo approximately west of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the United States.
Adobe is a building material made from earth and other organic materials.
Baron Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (18 November 1832, Helsinki, Finland12 August 1901, Dalbyö in Södermanland, Sweden) was a Finnish baron, geologist, mineralogist and Arctic explorer.
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is a tax-exempt professional body founded in 1852 to represent members of the civil engineering profession worldwide.
The Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture that spanned the present-day Four Corners region of the United States, comprising southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado.
The Antiquities Act of 1906,, is an act passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906.
In the classification of the archaeological cultures of North America, the Archaic period or "Meso-Indian period" in North America, accepted to be from around 8000 to 1000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development.
The Aztec Ruins National Monument preserves Ancestral Puebloan structures in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of New Mexico.
The Basketmaker culture of the pre-Ancestral Puebloans began about 1500 BC and continued until about AD 500 with the beginning of the Pueblo I Era.
The Basketmaker III Era (AD 500 to 750) also called the "Modified Basketmaker" period, was the third period in which Ancient Pueblo People were cultivating food, began making pottery and living in more sophisticated clusters of pit-house dwellings.
A berm is a level space, shelf, or raised barrier (usually made of compacted soil) separating two areas.
Bison are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food.
A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.
Canyon de Chelly National Monument was established on April 1, 1931, as a unit of the National Park Service.
Canyons of the Ancients National Monument is a national monument protecting an archaeologically-significant landscape located in the southwestern region of the U.S. state of Colorado.
The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are the directions north, east, south, and west, commonly denoted by their initials N, E, S, and W. East and west are at right angles to north and south, with east being in the clockwise direction of rotation from north and west being directly opposite east.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
Cercocarpus, commonly known as mountain mahogany, is a small genus of five or six species of nitrogen-fixing flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae.
Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park hosting the densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest.
A steel check dam A check dam is a small, sometimes temporary, dam constructed across a swale, drainage ditch, or waterway to counteract erosion by reducing water flow velocity.
Chert is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline silica, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO2).
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men.
Cleome is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cleomaceae, commonly known as as spider flowers, spider plants, spider weeds, or bee plants.
In archeology, cliff dwellings are dwellings formed by using niches or caves in high cliffs, with more or less excavation or with additions in the way of masonry.
Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling in North America.
Clover or trefoil are common names for plants of the genus Trifolium (Latin, tres "three" + folium "leaf"), consisting of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae.
The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleo-Indian culture, named for distinct stone tools found in close association with Pleistocene fauna at Blackwater Locality No. 1 near Clovis, New Mexico, in the 1920s and 1930s.
Colorado is a state of the United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains.
The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
A complete protein (or whole protein) is a source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of all nine of the essential amino acids necessary for the dietary needs of an organism.
The City of Cortez is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Montezuma County, Colorado, United States.
Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Crow Canyon Archaeological Center is a research center and "living classroom" located in southwestern Colorado, USA, which offers experiential education programs for students and adults.
A cuesta is a hill or ridge with a gentle slope on one side, and a steep slope on the other.
Culturally modified tree (aka CMT) is a term which describes the modification of a tree by indigenous people as part of their tradition.
CyArk is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization located in Oakland, California, United States.
The Dakota Formation (also Dakota Sandstone and Cockrum Sandstone, more formally the Dakota Group) is a geologic formation composed of sedimentary rocks deposited on the eastern side of the Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway.
Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to analyze atmospheric conditions during different periods in history.
Descurainia sophia is a member of the mustard family.
The Domínguez–Escalante expedition was a Spanish journey of exploration conducted in 1776 by two Franciscan priests, Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre Vélez de Escalante, to find an overland route from Santa Fe, New Mexico to their Roman Catholic mission in Monterey, on the coast of northern California.
Dryland farming and dry farming are agricultural techniques for non-irrigated cultivation of crops.
Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden (September 7, 1829 – December 22, 1887) was an American geologist noted for his pioneering surveying expeditions of the Rocky Mountains in the late 19th century.
The Folsom Complex is a name given by archaeologists to a specific Paleo-Indian archaeological culture that occupied much of central North America.
The Four Corners is a region of the United States consisting of the southwestern corner of Colorado, southeastern corner of Utah, northeastern corner of Arizona, and northwestern corner of New Mexico.
Frederick Hastings Chapin (5 September 1852 – 25 January 1900) was an American businessman, mountaineer, photographer, amateur archaeologist and author.
The Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds in North America.
A great house is a large, multi-storied Ancestral Puebloan structure; they were built between 850 and 1150.
The Great North Road is an Ancestral Puebloan road that stretches from Pueblo Alto, in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, to Kutz Canyon in the northern portion of the San Juan Basin.
Gustaf Nordenskiöld (29 June 1868 – 6 June 1895) was a Swedish scholar of Finnish-Swedish descent who was the first to scientifically study the ancient Pueblo ruins in Mesa Verde.
Herradura (Spanish: "horseshoe") are architectural features associated with the Ancestral Puebloan road network.
History Colorado is a twenty-first-century historical society that was established in 1879 as the State Historical Society of Colorado, also known as the Colorado Historical Society.
The Hopi are a Native American tribe, who primarily live on the Hopi Reservation in northeastern Arizona.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
The Hyde Exploring Expedition, sponsored by brothers Talbot and Fred Hyde Jr., and directed by Dr.
Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.
The jacal (həˈkɑːl; Mexican Spanish from Nahuatl xacalli contraction of xamitl calli; literally "hut") is an adobe-style housing structure historically found throughout parts of the southwestern United States and Mexico.
Jemez Pueblo (/ˈhɛmɛz/; Walatowa, Mąʼii Deeshgiizh) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sandoval County, New Mexico, United States.
Jesse Walter Fewkes (November 14, 1850 – 1930) was an American anthropologist, archaeologist, writer and naturalist.
Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae.
A kiva is a room used by Puebloans for religious rituals and political meetings, many of them associated with the kachina belief system.
Knapping is the shaping of flint, chert, obsidian or other conchoidal fracturing stone through the process of lithic reduction to manufacture stone tools, strikers for flintlock firearms, or to produce flat-faced stones for building or facing walls, and flushwork decoration.
Kokopelli is a fertility deity, usually depicted as a humpbacked flute player (often with feathers or antenna-like protrusions on his head), who has been venerated by some Native American cultures in the Southwestern United States.
The La Plata Mountains are a small subrange of the San Juan Mountains in the southwestern part of Colorado, United States.
The Laguna Pueblo (Western Keres: Kawaika) is a federally recognized tribe of Native American Pueblo people in west-central New Mexico, USA.
The Late Basketmaker II Era (AD 50 to 500) was a cultural period of Ancient Pueblo People when people began living in pit-houses, raised maize and squash, and were proficient basket makers and weavers.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
The following is a list of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks as designated by the American Society of Civil Engineers since it began the program in 1964.
The United States has 60 protected areas known as national parks that are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior.
Below is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in North America.
The Little Colorado River (Hopi: Paayu) is a tributary of the Colorado River in the U.S. state of Arizona, providing the principal drainage from the Painted Desert region.
Lucy Evelyn Peabody (1864 or 1865 – 19 September 1934) was an American activist.
At a major lunar standstill, which takes place every 18.6 years, the Moon's range of declination, and consequently its range of azimuth at moonrise and moonset, reaches a maximum.
The Mancos River, formerly also El Rio de San Lazaro, is an U.S. Geological Survey.
The Mancos Shale or Mancos Group is a Late Cretaceous (Upper Cretaceous) geologic formation of the Western United States.
The Town of Mancos is a Statutory Town located in Montezuma County, Colorado, United States.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
The Menefee Formation is a Mesozoic geologic formation.
Mesa (Spanish and Portuguese for table) is the American English term for tableland, an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides that are usually steep cliffs.
Mesa Verde Administrative District is a set of six National Park Service buildings within Mesa Verde National Park, constructed in 1921 in a Pueblo Revival Style architecture.
The Mesa Verde Region is a portion of the Colorado Plateau in the United States that extends through parts of New Mexico, Colorado and Utah.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
The Mogollon Rim or) is a topographical and geological feature cutting across the U.S. state of Arizona. It extends approximately, starting in northern Yavapai County and running eastward, ending near the border with New Mexico. The Mogollon Rim is not to be confused with the Mogollon Mountains in New Mexico located somewhat east of the eastern end of the Rim. The official estimate of the eastern end is near Show Low, although some sources extend it farther east. See It forms the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau in Arizona.
Montezuma County is the southwesternmost of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado.
In art and iconography, a motif is an element of an image.
The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface.
The National Museum of Finland (Kansallismuseo, Nationalmuseum) presents Finnish history from the Stone Age to the present day, through objects and cultural history.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
Neutron activation analysis (NAA) is a nuclear process used for determining the concentrations of elements in a vast amount of materials.
New York Daily Graphic was publisher of the New York Graphic the evening tabloid newspaper in New York City.
Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock.
Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
A pack rat or packrat, also called a woodrat, can be any of the species in the rodent genus Neotoma.
The Pajarito Plateau is a volcanic plateau in north central New Mexico, United States.
Paleo-Indians, Paleoindians or Paleoamericans is a classification term given to the first peoples who entered, and subsequently inhabited, the Americas during the final glacial episodes of the late Pleistocene period.
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
The pinyon or piñon pine group grows in the southwestern United States, especially in New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah.
A pit-house (or pithouse) is a building that is partly dug into the ground, and covered by a roof.
Pitch is a name for any of a number of viscoelastic polymers.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
The Point Lookout Sandstone is a Cretaceous bedrock formation occurring in New Mexico and Colorado.
In archaeological terms, a projectile point is an object that was hafted to weapon that was capable of being thrown or projected, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife.
Pueblos are modern and old communities of Native Americans in the Southwestern United States.
The Pueblo II Period (AD 900 to AD 1150) was the second pueblo period of the Ancestral Puebloans of the Four Corners region of the American southwest.
Richard Wetherill (1858–1910), a member of a prominent Colorado ranching family, was an amateur explorer in the discovery, research and excavation of sites associated with the Ancient Pueblo People.
The Rio Chama, a major tributary river of the Rio Grande, is located in the U.S. states of Colorado and New Mexico.
The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of South Texas.
In archaeology, rock art is human-made markings placed on natural stone; it is largely synonymous with parietal art.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
Sagebrush is the common name of several woody and herbaceus species of plants in the genus Artemisia.
The San Juan Basin is a geologic structural basin located near the Four Corners region of the Southwestern United States.
The San Juan Mountains are a high and rugged mountain range in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Colorado and northwestern New Mexico.
The San Juan River is a major tributary of the Colorado River in the southwestern United States, providing the chief drainage for the Four Corners region of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Arizona.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
Santa Fe (or; Tewa: Ogha Po'oge, Yootó) is the capital of the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Scalping is the act of cutting or tearing a part of the human scalp, with hair attached, from the head of an enemy as a trophy.
A seep is a moist or wet place where water, usually groundwater, reaches the earth's surface from an underground aquifer.
Sipapu is a Hopi word for a small hole or indentation in the floor of a kiva or pithouse.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
The Southwestern United States (Suroeste de Estados Unidos; also known as the American Southwest) is the informal name for a region of the western United States.
A spear-thrower or atlatl (or; ahtlatl) is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing, and includes a bearing surface which allows the user to store energy during the throw.
Sphaeralcea is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family (Malvaceae).
A stitching awl is a tool with which holes can be punctured in a variety of materials, or existing holes can be enlarged.
Sunset is a lifestyle magazine in the United States.
Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name.
A tumbleweed is a structural part of the above-ground anatomy of a number of species of plants, a diaspore that, once it is mature and dry, detaches from its root or stem, and tumbles away in the wind.
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O.
U.S. Route 160 is a 1,465 mile (2,358 km) long east–west United States highway in the Midwestern and Western United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Ute Mountain (or Ute Peak or Sleeping Ute Mountain), is a peak within the Ute Mountains, a small mountain range in the southwestern corner of Colorado.
The Ute Mountain Ute Tribe is one of three federally recognized tribes of the Ute Nation, and are mostly descendants of the historic Weeminuche Band who moved to the Southern Ute reservation in 1897.
Ute people are Native Americans of the Ute tribe and culture and are among the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People.
Mary Virginia Donaghe McClurg (1857 - April 29, 1931) was Regent-General of National Colorado Cliff Dwellings Association, one of the first white women to view the prehistoric cliff dwellings near Mesa Verde.
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.
William Henry Holmes (December 1, 1846 – April 20, 1933) — known as W.H. Holmes — was an American explorer, anthropologist, archaeologist, artist, scientific illustrator, cartographer, mountain climber, geologist and museum curator and director.
William Henry Jackson (April 4, 1843 – June 30, 1942) was an American painter, Civil War veteran, geological survey photographer and an explorer famous for his images of the American West.
The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Yellow Jacket Pueblo is an Ancestral Puebloan archeological site located near Cortez, Colorado, in the Four Corners region of the Southwestern United States.
Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
Zuni Pueblo (Zuni: Shiwinna, also Zuñi Pueblo and Pueblo de Zuñi) is a census-designated place (CDP) in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States.