39 relations: Androgen receptor, Anti-Müllerian hormone, Caspar Friedrich Wolff, Cloaca, Development of the reproductive system, Development of the urinary system, Efferent ducts, Embryo, Embryogenesis, Epididymis, Epoophoron, Female, Gartner's duct, Genitourinary system, Human, Intermediate mesoderm, List of related male and female reproductive organs, Male, Mesonephric tubules, Mesonephros, Organ (anatomy), Paramesonephric duct, Primordium, Prostate, Semen, Seminal vesicle, Sertoli cell, Sex organ, Sexual differentiation, Skene's gland, Spermatozoon, Testicle, Testosterone, The Hospital for Sick Children, Thesis, Trigone of urinary bladder, Urogenital sinus, Vas deferens, Virilization.
The androgen receptor (AR), also known as NR3C4 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 4), is a type of nuclear receptor that is activated by binding any of the androgenic hormones, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone in the cytoplasm and then translocating into the nucleus.
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), also known as Müllerian-inhibiting hormone (MIH), is a glycoprotein hormone structurally related to inhibin and activin from the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, whose key roles are in growth differentiation and folliculogenesis.
Caspar Friedrich Wolff (18 January 1733 – 22 February 1794) was a German physiologist and one of the founders of embryology.
In animal anatomy, a cloaca (plural cloacae or) is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts (if present) of many vertebrate animals, opening at the vent.
The development of the reproductive system is a part of prenatal development, and concerns the sex organs.
The development of the urinary system beings as a part of prenatal development, and relates to the development of both the urinary system and the sex organs.
The efferent ducts (or efferent ductules or ductuli efferentes or ductus efferentes or vasa efferentia) connect the rete testis with the initial section of the epididymis.
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism.
Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.
The epididymis (plural: epididymides or) is a tube that connects a testicle to a vas deferens in the male reproductive system.
The epoophoron or epoöphoron (also called organ of Rosenmüller or the parovarium) is a remnant of the mesonephric tubules that can be found next to the ovary and fallopian tube.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
Gartner's duct, also known as Gartner canal and ductus longitudinalis epoophori, is a potential embryological remnant in human female development of the mesonephric duct in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs.
The genitourinary system or urogenital system is the organ system of the reproductive organs and the urinary system.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Intermediate mesenchyme or intermediate mesoderm is a type of mesoderm (an embryological tissue) that is located between the paraxial mesoderm and the lateral plate.
This list of related male and female reproductive organs shows how the male and female reproductive organs of the human reproductive system are related, sharing a common developmental path.
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Mesonephric tubules are genital ridges that are next to the mesonephros.
The mesonephros (middle kidney) is one of three excretory organs that develop in vertebrates.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
Paramesonephric ducts (or Müllerian ducts) are paired ducts of the embryo that run down the lateral sides of the urogenital ridge and terminate at the sinus tubercle in the primitive urogenital sinus.
A primordium (plural: primordia; synonym: anlage) in embryology, is defined as an organ or tissue in its earliest recognizable stage of development.
The prostate (from Ancient Greek προστάτης, prostates, literally "one who stands before", "protector", "guardian") is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male reproductive system in most mammals.
Semen, also known as seminal fluid, is an organic fluid that may contain spermatozoa.
The seminal vesicles (glandulae vesiculosae), vesicular glands, or seminal glands, are a pair of simple tubular glands posteroinferior to the urinary bladder of some male mammals.
A Sertoli cell (a kind of sustentacular cell) is a "nurse" cell of the testicles that is part of a seminiferous tubule and helps in the process of spermatogenesis, the production of sperm.
A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.
Sexual differentiation is the process of development of the differences between males and females from an undifferentiated zygote.
In female human anatomy, Skene's glands or the Skene glands (also known as the lesser vestibular glands, periurethral glands, paraurethral glands, or homologous female prostate) are glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra.
A spermatozoon (pronounced, alternate spelling spermatozoön; plural spermatozoa; from σπέρμα "seed" and ζῷον "living being") is a motile sperm cell, or moving form of the haploid cell that is the male gamete.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid.
The Hospital for Sick Children, corporately branded as SickKids, is a children's hospital and teaching hospital located on University Avenue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.
The trigone (a.k.a. vesical trigone) is a smooth triangular region of the internal urinary bladder formed by the two ureteric orifices and the internal urethral orifice.
The urogenital sinus is a part of the human body only present in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs.
The vas deferens (Latin: "carrying-away vessel"; plural: vasa deferentia), also called ductus deferens (Latin: "carrying-away duct"; plural: ductus deferentes), is part of the male reproductive system of many vertebrates; these vasa transport sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts in anticipation of ejaculation.
Virilization or masculinization is the biological development of sex differences, changes that make a male body different from a female body.
Archinephric duct, Leydig's duct, Mesonephric ducts, Nephric duct, The Wolffian System, The Wolffian systems, Wolffian duct, Wolffian ducts, Wolffian structure, Wolffian structures, Wolffian system, Wolffian systems, Wolffian tubes.