210 relations: Adolf Galland, Advance airfield, Aerial reconnaissance, Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, Afrika Korps, AGO Flugzeugwerke, Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia, Air supremacy, Aircraft canopy, Aircraft carrier, Aircraft engine, Aircraft fairing, Airframe, Allies of World War II, Alloy, Arado Ar 64, Arado Ar 80, Arado Flugzeugwerke, Attack aircraft, Autocannon, Avia S-199, Axis powers, Axle track, Battle of Britain, Battle of Britain (film), Battle of Crete, Bell P-39 Airacobra, BFW M.20, Biplane, BMW, Bracing (aeronautics), Bulgaria, Bulgarian Air Force, Cantilever, Chord (aeronautics), Cockpit, Condor Legion, Cowling, Crankcase, Croatia, Curtiss P-36 Hawk, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Czechoslovak Air Force, Czechoslovakia, Daimler-Benz DB 600, Daimler-Benz DB 601, Daimler-Benz DB 605, Darryl Greenamyer, Day fighter, Defence of the Reich, ..., Deutsche Luft Hansa, Dewoitine D.520, Eastern Front (World War II), Elektron (alloy), Erhard Milch, Erich Hartmann, Ernst Udet, Erwin Rommel, Escort fighter, Fiat G.55, Fieseler, Fighter aircraft, Fighter-bomber, Finland, Finnish Air Force, Flap (aeronautics), Flight International, Flying ace, Focke-Wulf, Focke-Wulf Fw 159, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Focke-Wulf Fw 56, Fritz Wendel, Fuel tank, Fuselage, G-force, German orthography, GM-1, Grumman F4F Wildcat, Grumman F6F Hellcat, Grumman F8F Bearcat, Gull wing, Gun pod, Győr, Hans-Joachim Marseille, Hawker Hurricane, Heinkel, Heinkel He 100, Heinkel He 112, Heinkel He 51, Heinkel He 70, High-lift device, Hispano Aviación HA-1112, Horsepower, Hungarian Air Force, Hungary, IAR 80, Ilmari Juutilainen, Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Independent State of Croatia, Interceptor aircraft, Invasion of Yugoslavia, Israeli Air Force, Italy, Jagdgeschwader 5, Jagdgeschwader 52, Junkers Jumo 210, Kassel, Kawasaki Ki-61, Landing gear, Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3, Leading-edge slat, Leipzig, List of aircraft of World War II, List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients (R), List of military aircraft of Germany, List of surviving Messerschmitt Bf 109s, List of World War II military aircraft of Germany, Luftflotte 2, Luftflotte 4, Luftwaffe, Luftwaffe radio equipment of World War II, Macchi C.202, Macchi C.205, Magnesium, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Mercedes-Benz, Messerschmitt, Messerschmitt Bf 108, Messerschmitt Bf 109 variants, Messerschmitt Me 209, Messerschmitt Me 209 (1943), Messerschmitt Me 210, MG 131 machine gun, MG 151 cannon, MG 17 machine gun, MG FF cannon, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3, Minengeschoß, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Mitsubishi A6M Zero, MK 108 cannon, Monocoque, Monoplane, Morane-Saulnier M.S.406, MW 50, Nakajima Ki-43, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Nazi Germany, Night fighter, North African Campaign, North American P-51 Mustang, Operation Barbarossa, Oschersleben, Polikarpov I-16, Power-egg, Priwall Peninsula, Radiator (engine cooling), Rate of climb, Rüstsatz, Rechlin–Lärz Airfield, Regensburg, Regia Aeronautica, Robert Lusser, Rogožarski IK-3, Rolls-Royce Kestrel, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Romania, Romanian Air Force, Royal Romanian Air Force, Royal Yugoslav Army Air Force, Siege of Malta (World War II), Slovak Air Force (1939–45), Slovak Insurgent Air Force, Slovak Republic (1939–1945), Sonderkommando Elbe, Soviet Union, SPAD S.XII, Spain, Spanish Air Force, Spanish Civil War, Spar (aeronautics), Supercharger, Supermarine Spitfire, Swastika, Swiss Air Force, Switzerland, Synchronization gear, Torsion (mechanics), Trailing edge, United States Army Air Forces, V12 engine, Walter Oesau, Warnemünde, Wehrmacht, Werfer-Granate 21, Werner Mölders, Wiener Neustadt, Willy Messerschmitt, Wing loading, Wing root, World War I, World War II, Yakovlev Yak-1, Yakovlev Yak-9, Yugoslav Air Force, Zürich, 1936 Summer Olympics, 2 cm Flak 30/38/Flakvierling, 20×138mmB. Expand index (160 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
Advance airfield and forward airfield are military terms for a relatively primitive airfield used for refueling and re-arming air units as part of forward operations near the enemy.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Wing emblem of the A.N.R. from 1944 to 1945. The National Republican Air Force (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana, or ANR) was the air force of the Italian Social Republic during World War II, closely linked with the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) in northern Italy.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
AGO Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company from 1911 until 1945.
The Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia (Zrakoplovstvo Nezavisne Države Hrvatske; ZNDH), was the air force of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), a puppet state established with the support of the Axis Powers on the territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during World War II.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An aircraft canopy is the transparent enclosure over the cockpit of some types of aircraft.
An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
An aircraft fairing is a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline and reduce drag.
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
The Arado Ar 64 was a single-seat biplane fighter, developed in the late 1920s.
The Arado Ar 80 was a pre-World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffes first major fighter contract.
Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First World War.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.
The Avia S-199 was a propeller-driven fighter aircraft built after World War II, notable as the first fighter obtained by the Israeli Air Force, and used during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The axle track in automobiles and other wheeled vehicles which have two or more wheels on an axle, is the distance between the centerline of two roadwheels on the same axle.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was one of the principal American fighter aircraft in service when the United States entered World War II.
The BFW M.20 (also known as the Messerschmitt M.20 after the designer's surname) was a German single-engine, high-wing monoplane ten-seat passenger transport aircraft, developed in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
The Bulgarian Air Force (Voennovëzdušni sili) is one of the three branches of the Military of Bulgaria, the other two being the Bulgarian Navy and Bulgarian land forces.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
A cowling is the covering of a vehicle's engine, most often found on automobiles and aircraft.
A crankcase is the housing for the crankshaft in a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Curtiss P-36 Hawk, also known as the Curtiss Hawk Model 75, is an American-designed and built fighter aircraft of the 1930s and 40s.
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.
The Czechoslovak Air Force (Československé letectvo) or the Czechoslovak Army Air Force (Československé vojenské letectvo) was the air force branch of the Czechoslovak Army formed in October 1918.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine designed and built before World War II as part of a new generation of German engine technology.
The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II.
The Daimler-Benz DB 605 is a German aircraft engine, built during World War II.
Darryl Greenamyer is an American aviator.
A day fighter is a fighter aircraft equipped only to fight during the day.
The Defence of the Reich (Reichsverteidigung) is the name given to the strategic defensive aerial campaign fought by the Luftwaffe over German-occupied Europe and Nazi Germany during World War II.
Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G. (from 1933 styled as Deutsche Lufthansa and also known as Luft Hansa, Lufthansa, or DLH) was a German airline, serving as flag carrier of the country during the later years of the Weimar Republic and throughout Nazi Germany.
The Dewoitine D.520 was a French fighter aircraft that entered service in early 1940, shortly after the beginning of the Second World War.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Elektron is the registered trademark of a wide range of magnesium alloys manufactured by a British company Magnesium Elektron Limited.
Erhard Milch (30 March 1892 – 25 January 1972) was a German field marshal and war criminal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Nazi Germany following World War I. During World War II, he was in charge of aircraft production; his ineffective management resulted in the decline of the German air force and its loss of air superiority as the war progressed.
Erich Alfred Hartmann (19 April 1922 – 20 September 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" ("The Kid") by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The escort fighter was a World War II concept for a fighter aircraft designed to escort bombers to and from their targets.
The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana) in 1943–1945.
The Gerhard Fieseler Werke (GFW) in Kassel was a German aircraft manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter-bomber is a fighter aircraft that has been modified, or used primarily, as a light bomber or attack aircraft.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Flygvapnet) ("Air Arm") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of civil and military aircraft before and during World War II.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 159 was an experimental German fighter of the 1930s, designed by Kurt Tank which never reached production, as it was considered inferior to the He 112 and Bf 109.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
The Focke Wulf Fw 56 Stösser (German: goshawk) was a single-engine, high-wing monoplane advanced trainer, built in the 1930s in Germany.
Friedrich "Fritz" Wendel (February 21, 1915 – February 9, 1975) was a German test pilot during the 1930s and 1940s.
A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
The gravitational force, or more commonly, g-force, is a measurement of the type of acceleration that causes a perception of weight.
German orthography is the orthography used in writing the German language, which is largely phonemic.
GM-1 (Göring Mischung 1) was a system for injecting nitrous oxide (laughing gas) into aircraft engines that was used by the Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Grumman F4F Wildcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft that began service with both the United States Navy and the British Royal Navy in 1940, where it was initially known by the latter as the Martlet.
The Grumman F6F Hellcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft of World War II.
The Grumman F8F Bearcat is an American single-engine carrier-based fighter aircraft introduced in late World War II.
The gull wing is an aircraft wing configuration with a prominent bend in the wing inner section towards the wing root.
A gun pod is a detachable pod or pack containing machine guns or automatic cannon and ancillaries, mounted externally on a vehicle such as a military aircraft which may or may not also have its own guns.
Győr (Raab, Ráb, names in other languages) is the most important city of northwest Hungary, the capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron County and Western Transdanubia region, and—halfway between Budapest and Vienna—situated on one of the important roads of Central Europe.
Hans-Joachim Walter Rudolf Siegfried Marseille (13 December 1919 – 30 September 1942) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 100 was a German pre-World War II fighter aircraft design from Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 112 is a German fighter aircraft designed by Walter and Siegfried Günter.
The Heinkel He 51 was a German single-seat biplane which was produced in a number of different versions.
The Heinkel He 70 is a German mail plane and fast passenger aircraft of the 1930s which was also used in auxiliary bomber and aerial reconnaissance roles.
In aircraft design and aerospace engineering, a high-lift device is a component or mechanism on an aircraft's wing that increases the amount of lift produced by the wing.
The Hispano Aviación HA-1109 and HA-1112 are license-built versions of the Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 developed in Spain during and after World War II.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
The Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Légierő) is the air force branch of the Hungarian Defence Forces.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The IAR 80 was a Romanian World War II low-wing monoplane, all-metal monocoque fighter and ground-attack aircraft.
Eino Ilmari "Illu" Juutilainen (21 February 1914 – 21 February 1999) was a fighter pilot of the Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force), and the top scoring non-German fighter pilot of all time.
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
The Independent State of Croatia (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH; Unabhängiger Staat Kroatien; Stato Indipendente di Croazia) was a World War II fascist puppet state of Germany and Italy.
An interceptor aircraft, or simply interceptor, is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to attack enemy aircraft, particularly bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, as they approach.
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II.
The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jagdgeschwader 5 (JG 5) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52) was a German World War II fighter-wing that exclusively used variants of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 throughout the war.
The Jumo 210 was Junkers Motoren's first production inverted V12 gasoline aircraft engine, produced just before the start of World War II.
Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) is a city located at the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany.
The Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien (飛燕, "flying swallow") is a Japanese World War II fighter aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
The Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 (Лавочкин-Горбунов-Гудков ЛаГГ-3) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II.
Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them.
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II.
This list of military aircraft of Germany includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft.
This list covers aircraft of the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War from 1939 to 1945.
Luftflotte 2 (Air Fleet 2) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Luftflotte 4 (Air Fleet 4) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
During World War II, the German Luftwaffe relied on an increasingly diverse array of electronic communications, IFF and RDF equipment as avionics in its aircraft and also on the ground.
The Macchi C.202 Folgore (Italian "thunderbolt") was an Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Macchi Aeronautica.
The Macchi C.205 (also known as MC.205, "MC" standing for "Macchi Castoldi") Veltro (Greyhound) was an Italian World War II fighter aircraft built by the Aeronautica Macchi.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
Messerschmitt AG was a German aircraft manufacturing corporation (AG) named after its chief designer Willy Messerschmitt and known primarily for its World War II fighter aircraft, in particular the Bf 109 and Me 262.
The Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun was a German single-engine sport and touring aircraft, developed by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke in the 1930s.
Due to the Messerschmitt Bf 109's versatility and time in service with both the Luftwaffe and other foreign air forces, numerous variants were produced over the eight years of service with the Luftwaffe and even more were produced by its foreign users.
The first Messerschmitt Me 209 was a single-engine racing aircraft which was designed for and succeeded at breaking speed records.
The Me 209 of 1943 was an attempt to create an enhanced version of the Bf 109, which served as the Luftwaffes primary fighter aircraft throughout World War II.
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.
The MG 131 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 131, or "Machine gun 131") was a German 13 mm caliber machine gun developed in 1938 by Rheinmetall-Borsig and produced from 1940 to 1945.
The MG 151 (MG 151/15) was a 15 mm aircraft-mounted autocannon produced by Waffenfabrik Mauser during World War II.
The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, typically as forward-firing offensive armament.
The MG FF was a drum-fed, blowback-operated, 20 mm aircraft autocannon, developed in 1936 by Ikaria Werke Berlin of Germany.
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-3) was a Soviet fighter and interceptor aircraft used during World War II.
The Minengeschoss ('mine-shell') was a type of high-capacity high-explosive shell originally developed in Germany and used in the Luftwaffe's aircraft autocannons during World War II.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
The MK 108 (German: Maschinenkanone—"machine cannon") was a 30 mm caliber autocannon manufactured in Germany during World War II by Rheinmetall‑Borsig for use in aircraft.
Monocoque, also structural skin, is a structural system where loads are supported through an object's external skin, similar to an egg shell.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
The Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 was a French fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier starting in 1938.
MW 50 (Methanol-Wasser 50) was a 50-50 mixture of methanol and water (German: Wasser) that was often sprayed into the supercharger of World War II aircraft engines primarily for its anti-detonant effect, allowing the use of increased boost pressures.
The Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (隼, "Peregrine Falcon", "Army Type 1 Fighter" (一式戦闘機)) was a single-engine land-based tactical fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Oschersleben is a town in the Börde district, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Polikarpov I-16 was a Soviet fighter aircraft of revolutionary design; it was the world's first low-wing cantilever monoplane fighter with retractable landing gear to attain operational status and as such "introduced a new vogue in fighter design."Green, William.
The power-egg, a literal translation into English of the German term Kraftei, was a design feature in German Second World War era aircraft, particularly for twin or multi-engined airframe designs.
The Priwall Peninsula (German: die Halbinsel Priwall or Der Priwall) is a spit located across from the town of Travemünde at the Trave River estuary, on Germany's Baltic Sea coast.
Radiators are heat exchangers used for cooling internal combustion engines, mainly in automobiles but also in piston-engined aircraft, railway locomotives, motorcycles, stationary generating plant or any similar use of such an engine.
In aeronautics, the rate of climb (RoC) is an aircraft's vertical speed – the rate of positive altitude change with respect to time or distance.
Rüstsätze (Luftwaffe) were field modification kits produced for the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War.
Rechlin–Lärz Airfield (German: Flugplatz Rechlin-Lärz) is an airfield in the village of Rechlin, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
Regensburg (Castra-Regina;; Řezno; Ratisbonne; older English: Ratisbon; Bavarian: Rengschburg or Rengschburch) is a city in south-east Germany, at the confluence of the Danube, Naab and Regen rivers.
The Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica Italiana) was the name of the air force of the Kingdom of Italy.
Robert Lusser (19 April 1899 – 19 January 1969) was a German engineer, aircraft designer and aviator.
The Rogožarski IK-3 was a 1930s Yugoslav monoplane single-seat fighter, designed by Ljubomir Ilić, Kosta Sivčev and Slobodan Zrnić as a successor to the Ikarus IK-2 fighter.
The Kestrel or type F is a 22-litre (1,342 Cu In) 700-horsepower (520 kW) class V-12 aircraft engine from Rolls-Royce, their first cast-block engine and the pattern for most of their future piston-engine designs.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Romanian Air Force (Forțele Aeriene Române) is the air force branch of the Romanian Armed Forces.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
The Royal Yugoslav Army Air Force (Zrakoplovstvo vojske Kraljevine Jugoslavije, Ваздухопловство војске Краљевине Југославије; ВВКЈ), was formed in 1918 in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929) and existed until Yugoslavia's surrender to the Axis powers in 1941 following the Invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.
The Siege of Malta in the Second World War was a military campaign in the Mediterranean Theatre.
The Slovak Air Force (Slovenské vzdušné zbrane, or SVZ), between 1939 and 1945, was the air force of the short-lived World War II Slovak Republic.
The Slovak Insurgent Air Force (in Slovak: Slovenské povstalecké letectvo) was an Allied air unit which fought against Axis forces in Slovakia and participated in Slovak National Uprising in August-October 1944.
The (First) Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), otherwise known as the Slovak State (Slovenský štát), was a client state of Nazi Germany which existed between 14 March 1939 and 4 April 1945.
Sonderkommando "Elbe" was the name of a World War II Luftwaffe task force assigned to bring down heavy bombers by ramming aircraft into them mid-air.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The SPAD S.XII or SPAD 12 was a French single-seat biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War developed from the successful SPAD 7 by Louis Béchereau, chief designer of the Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD).
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
In a fixed-wing aircraft, the spar is often the main structural member of the wing, running spanwise at right angles (or thereabouts depending on wing sweep) to the fuselage.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The swastika (as a character 卐 or 卍) is a geometrical figure and an ancient religious icon from the cultures of Eurasia, where it has been and remains a symbol of divinity and spirituality in Indian religions, Chinese religions, Mongolian and Siberian shamanisms.
The Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe; Forces aériennes suisses; Forze aeree svizzere; Aviatica militara svizra) is the air component of the Swiss Armed Forces, established on 31 July 1914 as part of the army and in October 1936 an independent service.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A synchronization gear, or a gun synchronizer, sometimes rather less accurately called an interrupter, is attached to the armament of a single-engine tractor-configuration aircraft so it can fire through the arc of its spinning propeller without bullets striking the blades.
In the field of solid mechanics, torsion is the twisting of an object due to an applied torque.
The trailing edge of an aerodynamic surface such as a wing is its rear edge, where the airflow separated by the leading edge rejoins.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
A V12 engine is a V engine with 12 cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two banks of six cylinders each, usually but not always at a 60° angle to each other, with all 12 pistons driving a common crankshaft.
Walter "Gulle" Oesau (28 June 1913 – 11 May 1944) was a German fighter pilot during World War II.
Warnemünde (literally Mouth of the Warnow) is a seaside resort and a district of the city of Rostock in Mecklenburg, Germany.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Werfer-Granate 21 rocket launcher, also known as the BR 21 (the "BR" standing for Bordrakete) in official Luftwaffe manuals, was a weapon used by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and was the first on-board rocket placed into service by the Luftwaffe, first introduced in mid 1943.
Werner Mölders (18 March 1913 – 22 November 1941) was a German fighter pilot during World War II and a leading German fighter ace.
Wiener Neustadt is a city located south of Vienna, in the state of Lower Austria, in north-east Austria.
Wilhelm Emil "Willy" Messerschmitt (/'vĭli 'messer shmĭt/) (26 June 1898 – 15 September 1978) was a German aircraft designer and manufacturer.
In aerodynamics, wing loading is the total weight of an aircraft divided by the area of its wing.
The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft that is closest to the fuselage.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yakovlev Yak-1 (Яковлев Як-1) was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft.
The Yakovlev Yak-9 was a single-engine fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after.
The Air Force and Air Defence (Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protivvazdušna odbrana / Ратно ваздухопловство и противваздушна одбрана; abbr. RV i PVO / РВ и ПВО), was one of three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army, the Yugoslav military.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
The 1936 Summer Olympics (German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Nazi Germany.
The Flak 30 (Flugabwehrkanone 30) and improved Flak 38 were 20 mm anti-aircraft guns used by various German forces throughout World War II.
The 20×138mmB cartridge or Long Solothurn was a type of ammunition used mainly for anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons during World War II.
BF 109, BF109, Bf 109, Bf-109, Bf-109 fighter, Bf.109, Bf109, ME 109, ME-109, Me 109, Me-109, Me-109 fighter, Me109, Messerschmitt 109, Messerschmitt 109G, Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6, Messerschmitt Bf 109 V10, Messerschmitt Bf 109 V17, Messerschmitt Bf 109E, Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3, Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3a, Messerschmitt Bf 109E-7, Messerschmitt Bf 109F, Messerschmitt Bf 109F-4, Messerschmitt Bf 109F–2, Messerschmitt Bf 109G, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-10, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-12, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-14, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2/trop, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6, Messerschmitt Bf 109K-4, Messerschmitt Bf-109, Messerschmitt Bf109, Messerschmitt Me 109, Messerschmitt Me 109F, Messerschmitt Me Bf 109, Messerschmitt Me-109, Messerschmitt Me109, Messerschmitt Me109 G-14.