184 relations: Act of Settlement 1701, Adrian Boult, Alan Blyth, Alex Ross (music critic), Alexander's Feast (Handel), Allan Kozinn, Andrew Davis (conductor), Andrew Parrott, Anglicanism, Annunciation to the shepherds, Anthony Hicks, Aria, Ascension of Jesus, Athalia (Handel), Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, Autograph, Balliol College, Oxford, Bärenreiter, BBC, Berlin Cathedral, Bernd Baselt, Book of Common Prayer, British Library, Cantus firmus, Caterina Galli, Chandos Records, Chapel Royal, Charles Burney, Charles Jennens, Charles Mackerras, Choir of King's College, Cambridge, Christ (title), Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, Christian theology, Christina Maria Avoglio, Christoph Daniel Ebeling, Christopher Hogwood, Colin Davis, Columbia Graphophone Company, Contralto, Countertenor, Da capo, Dal segno, David Willcocks, Deborah (Handel), Decca Records, Deidamia (opera), Deism, Deutsche Grammophon, Die Welt, ..., Direct speech, Donald Burrows (musicologist), Donald Jay Grout, Ebenezer Prout, Edward Holdsworth, English-speaking world, Esther (Handel), Eszterháza, Eugene Aynsley Goossens, Fishamble Street, Florence, Foundling Hospital, Frederick Bridge, French overture, Friedrich Chrysander, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Fugue, Gaetano Guadagni, Georg Gottfried Gervinus, Georg Solti, George Bernard Shaw, George Frideric Handel, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United Kingdom, Gesellschaft der Associierten, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giulia Frasi, Gopsall, Gospel, Gospel of Luke, Gottfried van Swieten, Gramophone (magazine), Halle (Saale), Hallische Händel-Ausgabe, Hamburg, Handel Festival, Halle, Händel-Gesellschaft, Henry Wood, Her Majesty's Theatre, Hermann Scherchen, His Master's Voice, House of Hanover, Huddersfield Choral Society, Isaiah, Jean-Claude Malgoire, Jesus, Jews, Johann Adam Hiller, Johann Christoph Pepusch, John Beard (tenor), John Eliot Gardiner, John Gay, John Mainwaring, Karl Richter (conductor), King James Version, Last Judgment, Leonard Salzedo, Letters and writings of George Frideric Handel, Libretto, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lutheran chorale, Malcolm Sargent, Mannheim, Martin Luther, Matthew Dubourg, Max Seiffert, Messiah, Messiah Part I, Messiah Part II, Messiah Part III, Moritz Hauptmann, Mormon Tabernacle Choir, Motet, Motif (music), Muriel Brunskill, Nixa Records, Old Testament, Opera of the Nobility, Oratorio, Passion of Jesus, Pastorale, Pentecost, Percy M. Young, Perfect fourth, Philipp Nicolai, Philips Records, Psalms, Queen's Hall, RCA Records, Recitative, Resurrection of Jesus, Resurrection of the dead, Richard Hickox, Rinaldo (opera), Rodelinda (opera), Royal Albert Hall, Royal Choral Society, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, SATB, Saul (Handel), Scratch Messiah, Sedley Taylor, Sheldonian Theatre, Sinfonia, Smithsonian (magazine), Soli Deo gloria, South Australian Register, St James's Hall, St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, St Paul's Cathedral, Structure of Handel's Messiah, Stucco, Susannah Maria Cibber, The Beggar's Opera, The Crystal Palace, The Musical Times, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New York Times, The Observer, The Penguin Guide to Recorded Classical Music, The Times, Thomas Beecham, Three Choirs Festival, Trevor Pinnock, Vauxhall Gardens, Virgin birth of Jesus, Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, Watkins Shaw, Westminster Abbey, William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, William Shenstone, Winton Dean, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Worcester Cathedral. Expand index (134 more) » « Shrink index
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
Sir Adrian Cedric Boult, CH (8 April 1889 – 22 February 1983) was an English conductor.
Geoffrey Alan Blyth (27 July 1929, London – 14 August 2007, Lavenham) was an English music critic, author, and musicologist who was particularly known for his writings within the field of opera.
Alex Ross (born 1968) is an American music critic.
Alexander's Feast (HWV 75) is an ode with music by George Frideric Handel set to a libretto by Newburgh Hamilton.
Allan Kozinn (born July 28, 1954) is an American journalist, music critic, and teacher.
Sir Andrew Frank Davis (born 2 February 1944) is an English conductor.
Andrew Parrott (born 10 March 1947) is a British conductor, perhaps best known for his pioneering "historically informed performances" of pre-classical music.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The Annunciation to the shepherds is an episode in the Nativity of Jesus described in the Bible in Luke 2, in which angels tell a group of shepherds about the birth of Jesus.
Anthony Hicks (26 June 1943 – 26 May 2010) was a Welsh musicologist, music critic, editor, and writer.
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
The ascension of Jesus (anglicized from the Vulgate Latin Acts 1:9-11 section title: Ascensio Iesu) is the departure of Christ from Earth into the presence of God.
Athalia (HWV 52) is an English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel to a libretto by Samuel Humphreys based on the play Athalie by Jean Racine.
"italic" (From deep affliction I cry out to you), originally "italic", later also "italic", is a Lutheran hymn of 1524, with words written by Martin Luther as a paraphrase of Psalm 130.
Autograph is a famous person's artistic signature.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Bärenreiter (Bärenreiter-Verlag) is a German classical music publishing house based in Kassel.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom) is the short name for the Evangelical Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church (Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin) in Berlin, Germany.
Bernd Baselt (13 September 1934 – 18 October 1993) was a German musicologist noted for his works on the Baroque composer George Frideric Handel.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
In music, a cantus firmus ("fixed song") is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.
Caterina Galli (c. 1723 - 1804) was an Italian operatic mezzo-soprano.
Chandos Records is a British independent classical music recording company based in Colchester.
In both the United Kingdom and Canada, a Chapel Royal refers not to a building but to a distinct body of priests and singers who explicitly serve the spiritual needs of the sovereign.
Charles Burney FRS (7 April 1726 – 12 April 1814) was an English music historian, composer and musician.
Charles Jennens (1700 – 20 November 1773) was an English landowner and patron of the arts.
Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras (1925 2010) was an Australian conductor.
The King's College Choir is a British choir.
In Christianity, Christ (Greek Χριστός, Christós, meaning "the anointed one") is a title for the saviour and redeemer who would bring salvation to the Jewish people and humanity.
Christ Church Cathedral (or, more formally, The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity) is the cathedral of the United Dioceses of Dublin and Glendalough and the cathedral of the Ecclesiastical province of the United Provinces of Dublin and Cashel in the Church of Ireland.
Christian theology is the theology of Christian belief and practice.
Christina Maria Avoglio or Avolia (floruit, 1740–1744) was an Italian soprano in Handel's opera company.
Christoph Daniel Ebeling (20 November 1741 near Hildesheim, Hanover – 30 June 1817 in Hamburg) was a scholar of Germany who studied the geography and history of North America.
Christopher Jarvis Haley Hogwood CBE (10 September 194124 September 2014) was an English conductor, harpsichordist, writer, and musicologist.
Sir Colin Rex Davis (25 September 1927 – 14 April 2013) was an English conductor, known for his association with the London Symphony Orchestra, having first conducted it in 1959.
The Columbia Graphophone Company was one of the earliest gramophone companies in the United Kingdom.
A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.
A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.
Da capo,, is an Italian musical term that means "from the beginning" (literally, "from the head").
In music notation, Dal segno, often abbreviated D.S., is used as a navigation marker.
Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.
Deborah (HWV 51) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel.
Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis.
Deidamia (HWV 42) is an opera in three acts composed by George Frideric Handel to an Italian libretto by Paolo Antonio Rolli.
Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.
Deutsche Grammophon is a German classical music record label that was the precursor of corporation called PolyGram.
Die Welt ("The World") is a German national daily newspaper, published as a broadsheet by Axel Springer SE.
Direct or quoted speech is spoken or written text that reports speech or thought in its original form phrased by the original speaker; in narrative, it is usually enclosed in quotation marks.
Donald James Burrows (born 28 December 1945, in London) is Professor of Music at the Open University, and a leading scholar of the music of George Frideric Handel.
Donald Jay Grout (September 28, 1902 – March 9, 1987) was an American musicologist.
Ebenezer Prout (1 March 18355 December 1909) was an English musical theorist, writer, teacher and composer, whose instruction, afterwards embodied in a series of standard works still used today, underpinned the work of many British classical musicians of succeeding generations.
Edward Holdsworth (1684–1746) was an English classical scholar, known as a neo-Latin poet.
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language.
Esther (HWV 50) is an oratorio by George Frideric Handel.
Esterháza is a palace in Fertőd, Hungary, built by Prince Nikolaus Esterházy.
Sir Eugene Aynsley Goossens (26 May 189313 June 1962) was an English conductor and composer.
Fishamble Street is a street in Dublin, Ireland within the old city walls.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Foundling Hospital in London, England was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram.
Sir John Frederick Bridge, CVO (5 December 1844 – 18 March 1924) was an English organist, composer, teacher and writer.
The French overture is a musical form widely used in the Baroque period.
Karl Franz Friedrich Chrysander (July 8, 1826 – September 3, 1901) was a German music historian, critic and publisher, whose edition of the works of George Frideric Handel and authoritative writings on many other composers established him as a pioneer of 19th-century musicology.
Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (2 July 1724 – 14 March 1803) was a German poet.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
Gaetano Guadagni (16 February 1728 – 11 November 1792) was an Italian mezzo-soprano castrato singer, most famous for singing the role of Orpheus at the premiere of Gluck's opera Orfeo ed Euridice in 1762.
Georg Gottfried Gervinus (20 May 1805 – 18 March 1871) was a German literary and political historian.
Sir Georg Solti, KBE (born György Stern; 21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a Hungarian-born orchestral and operatic conductor, best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt and London, and as a long-serving music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
George II (George Augustus; Georg II.; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
The Gesellschaft der Associierten was an association of music-loving noblemen centered in Vienna and founded by Baron Gottfried van Swieten in 1786.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.
Giulia Frasi (fl. 1740–c.1772) was an Italian operatic soprano who was primarily active in the city of London.
Gopsall (or Gopsall Park) is an area of Crown Estate land in Hinckley and Bosworth, England.
Gospel is the Old English translation of Greek εὐαγγέλιον, evangelion, meaning "good news".
The Gospel According to Luke (Τὸ κατὰ Λουκᾶν εὐαγγέλιον, to kata Loukan evangelion), also called the Gospel of Luke, or simply Luke, is the third of the four canonical Gospels.
Gottfried, Freiherr van Swieten (October 29, 1733 – March 29, 1803) was a Dutch-born Austrian diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century.
Gramophone is a magazine published monthly in London devoted to classical music, particularly to reviews of recordings.
Halle (Saale) is a city in the southern part of the German state Saxony-Anhalt.
The Hallische Händel-Ausgabe ("Halle Handel Edition") is a multi-volume collection of the works of George Frideric Handel.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
The Handel Festival (in German: Händel-Festspiele) in Halle an der Saale, Saxony-Anhalt, is an international music festival concentrating on the music of George Frideric Handel in the composer's birthplace.
Between 1858 and 1902, the Händel-Gesellschaft ("German Handel Society") produced a collected 105-volume edition of the works of George Frideric Handel.
Sir Henry Joseph Wood (3 March 186919 August 1944) was an English conductor best known for his association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as the Proms.
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London.
Hermann Scherchen (21 June 1891 – 12 June 1966) was a German conductor.
His Master's Voice (HMV) is a famous trademark in the recording industry and was the unofficial name of a major British record label.
The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
Huddersfield Choral Society is a choir based in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England.
Isaiah (or;; ܐܹܫܲܥܝܵܐ ˀēšaˁyā; Greek: Ἠσαΐας, Ēsaïās; Latin: Isaias; Arabic: إشعيا Ašaʿyāʾ or šaʿyā; "Yah is salvation") was the 8th-century BC Jewish prophet for whom the Book of Isaiah is named.
Jean-Claude Malgoire (25 November 1940 – 14 April 2018) was a French conductor.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Johann Adam Hiller (25 December 1728, Wendisch-Ossig, Saxony – 16 June 1804, Leipzig) was a German composer, conductor and writer on music, regarded as the creator of the Singspiel, an early form of German opera.
Johann Christoph Pepusch (1667 – 20 July 1752), also known as John Christopher Pepusch and Dr Pepusch, was a German-born composer who spent most of his working life in England.
John Beard (c. 1716 – 5 February 1791) was an English tenor of the 18th century.
Sir John Eliot Gardiner, CBE HonFBA (born 20 April 1943) is an English conductor, particularly known for his performances of the works of Johann Sebastian Bach and of other baroque music.
John Gay (30 June 1685 – 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus Club.
John Mainwaring (1724–1807) was an English theologian and the first biographer of the composer Georg Friedrich Händel in any language.
Karl Richter (15 October 1926 – 15 February 1981) was a German conductor, choirmaster, organist and harpsichordist.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday, or The Day of the Lord (Hebrew Yom Ha Din) (יום הדין) or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah (یوم القيامة) or Yawm ad-Din (یوم الدین) is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.
Leonard Salzedo (24 September 1921 – 6 May 2000) was an English composer and conductor of Spanish descent.
Few of the letters and writings of George Frideric Handel remain today—certainly far fewer than remain for other major composers.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 till the Partition of Ireland in 1922.
A Lutheran chorale is a musical setting of a Lutheran hymn, intended to be sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service.
Sir Harold Malcolm Watts Sargent (29 April 1895 – 3 October 1967) was an English conductor, organist and composer widely regarded as Britain's leading conductor of choral works.
Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Matthew Dubourg (1703 – 3 July 1767) was an English violinist, conductor, and composer who spent most of his life in Ireland.
Max Seiffert (9 February 1868 – 15 April 1948) was a German musicologist and music arranger.
In Abrahamic religions, the messiah or messias is a saviour or liberator of a group of people.
Messiah (HWV 56), the English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel in 1741, is structured in three parts.
Messiah (HWV 56), the English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel in 1741, is structured in three parts.
Messiah (HWV 56), the English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel in 1741, is structured in three parts.
Moritz Hauptmann (13 October 1792 – 3 January 1868), was a German music theorist, teacher and composer.
The Mormon Tabernacle Choir, sometimes colloquially referred to as MoTab or Tab Choir, is a 360-member choir.
In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.
In music, a motif (also motive) is a short musical idea, a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "The motive is the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity".
Muriel Brunskill (18 December 1899 – 18 February 1980) was an English contralto of the mid-twentieth century.
Nixa Record Company Ltd. was founded in 1950 by F. H. B. Nixon.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
The Opera of the Nobility (or Nobility Opera) was an opera company set up and funded in 1733 by a group of nobles (under Frederick, Prince of Wales) opposed to George II of England, in order to rival the (Second) Royal Academy of Music company under Handel (backed by George II and his queen).
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
In Christianity, the Passion (from Late Latin: passionem "suffering, enduring") is the short final period in the life of Jesus covering his entrance visit to Jerusalem and leading to his crucifixion on Mount Calvary, defining the climactic event central to Christian doctrine of salvation history.
Pastorale refers to something of a pastoral nature in music, whether in form or in mood.
The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.
Percy Marshall Young (17 May 19129 May 2004) was a British musicologist, editor, organist, composer, conductor and teacher.
In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.
Philipp Nicolai (10 August 1556 – 26 October 1608) was a German Lutheran pastor, poet, and composer.
Philips Records is a record label that was founded by the Dutch electronics company Philips.
The Book of Psalms (תְּהִלִּים or, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as Psalms or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.
The Queen's Hall was a concert hall in Langham Place, London, opened in 1893.
RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.
Recitative (also known by its Italian name "recitativo") is a style of delivery (much used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas) in which a singer is allowed to adopt the rhythms of ordinary speech.
The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death, Jesus rose again from the dead: as the Nicene Creed expresses it, "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures".
Resurrection of the dead, or resurrection from the dead (Koine: ἀνάστασις νεκρῶν, anastasis nekron; literally: "standing up again of the dead"; is a term frequently used in the New Testament and in the writings and doctrine and theology in other religions to describe an event by which a person, or people are resurrected (brought back to life). In the New Testament of the Christian Bible, the three common usages for this term pertain to (1) the Christ, rising from the dead; (2) the rising from the dead of all men, at the end of this present age and (3) the resurrection of certain ones in history, who were restored to life. Predominantly in Christian eschatology, the term is used to support the belief that the dead will be brought back to life in connection with end times. Various other forms of this concept can also be found in other eschatologies, namely: Islamic, Jewish and Zoroastrian eschatology. In some Neopagan views, this refers to reincarnation between the three realms: Life, Death, and the Realm of the Divine; e.g.: Christopaganism. See Christianity and Neopaganism.
Richard Sidney Hickox, CBE (5 March 1948 – 23 November 2008) was an English conductor of choral, orchestral and operatic music.
Rinaldo (HWV 7) is an opera by George Frideric Handel, composed in 1711, and was the first Italian language opera written specifically for the London stage.
Rodelinda, regina de' Longobardi (HWV 19) is an opera seria in three acts composed for the first Royal Academy of Music by George Frideric Handel.
The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington, London, which has held the Proms concerts annually each summer since 1941.
The Royal Choral Society is an amateur choir, based in London.
The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society is a society based in Liverpool, England, that manages a professional symphony orchestra, a concert venue, and extensive programmes of learning through music.
In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.
Saul (HWV 53) is a dramatic oratorio in three acts written by George Frideric Handel with a libretto by Charles Jennens.
A Scratch Messiah, People's Messiah, Come Sing Messiah, Sing-it-yourself Messiah, or Sing along Messiah (the first two British and Australian usage, the last two common in North America) is an informal performance of Handel's Messiah in which the audience serves as the unrehearsed chorus, often supported by a carefully prepared core group.
Sedley Taylor (29 November 1834 – 14 March 1920) was a British academic, librarian and one of the Professors at the Trinity College in Cambridge, England.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford.
Sinfonia is the Italian word for symphony, from the Latin symphonia, in turn derived from Ancient Greek συμφωνία symphōnia (agreement or concord of sound), from the prefix σύν (together) and ϕωνή (sound).
Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The first issue was published in 1970.
is a Latin term for Glory to God alone.
The Register, originally the South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register, and later South Australian Register, was South Australia's first newspaper.
Saint Patrick's Cathedral (Ard-Eaglais Naomh Pádraig) in Dublin, Ireland, founded in 1191, is the National Cathedral of the Church of Ireland.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Messiah (HWV 56), the English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel in 1741, is structured in three parts, listed here in tables for their musical setting and biblical sources.
Stucco or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water.
Susannah Maria Cibber (February 1714 – 30 January 1766), also known as Susannah Maria Arne, was a celebrated English singer and actress and the sister of the composer Thomas Arne.
The Beggar's Opera is a ballad opera in three acts written in 1728 by John Gay with music arranged by Johann Christoph Pepusch.
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851.
The Musical Times is an academic journal of classical music edited and produced in the United Kingdom and currently the oldest such journal still being published in that country.
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Penguin Guide to Recorded Classical Music (formerly The Penguin Guide to Compact Discs and, from 2003 to 2006, The Penguin Guide to Compact Discs and DVDs) was a widely distributed annual publication from Britain published by Penguin Books that reviewed and rated currently available recordings of classical music.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Sir Thomas Beecham, 2nd Baronet, CH (29 April 18798 March 1961) was an English conductor and impresario best known for his association with the London Philharmonic and the Royal Philharmonic orchestras.
Worcester cathedral Gloucester cathedral The Three Choirs Festival is a music festival held annually at the end of July, rotating among the cathedrals of the Three Counties (Hereford, Gloucester and Worcester) and originally featuring their three choirs, which remain central to the week-long programme.
Trevor David Pinnock (born 16 December 1946) is an English harpsichordist and conductor.
Vauxhall Gardens was a pleasure garden in Kennington on the south bank of the River Thames and accessed by boat from London until the erection of Vauxhall Bridge in the 1810s.
The virgin birth of Jesus is the belief that Jesus was conceived in the womb of his mother Mary through the Holy Spirit without the agency of a human father and born while Mary was still a virgin.
"" (literally: Awake, the voice is calling us) is a Lutheran hymn written in German by Philipp Nicolai, first published in 1599 together with "".
Harold Watkins Shaw, OBE, known as Watkins Shaw (3 April 1911 in Bradford, Yorkshire – 8 October 1996 in Worcester) was a British musicologist and educator best known for his critical edition of Handel's Messiah compiled between 1957 and 1965, which version has largely supplanted that of Ebenezer Prout in British performance - The Times obituarist went so far as describe it as being in "universal use", though this is a slight exaggeration.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, (26 September 1698 – 5 December 1755) was a British nobleman and Whig politician.
William Shenstone (18 November 1714 – 11 February 1763) was an English poet and one of the earliest practitioners of landscape gardening through the development of his estate, The Leasowes.
Winton Basil Dean (Birkenhead, 18 March 1916Hambledon, 19 December 2013) was an English musicologist of the 20th century, most famous for his research concerning the life and works—in particular the operas and oratorios—of George Frideric Handel, as detailed in his book Handel's Dramatic Oratorios and Masques (1959).
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Worcester Cathedral, is an Anglican cathedral in Worcester, England, situated on a bank overlooking the River Severn.