243 relations: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Achelous, Achilles, Acis and Galatea (mythology), Actaeon, AD 8, Adonis, Aeacus, Aegina, Aeneas, Aeneid, Aesacus, Aeson, After Ovid: New Metamorphoses, Ages of Man, Aglaurus, daughter of Cecrops, Ajax the Great, Alcyone, Alexander Pope, Althaea (mythology), Ancient Greek literature, Ancient Rome, Andromeda (mythology), Apollo, Apollo and Daphne (Bernini), Arachne, Arethusa (mythology), Art of Europe, Arthur Golding, Asclepius, Atalanta, Athamas, Augustine of Hippo, Baroque, Battus (mythology), Baucis and Philemon, Blanche of Lancaster, Boios, Byblis, Cadmus, Caeneus, Callirrhoe (daughter of Achelous), Callisto (mythology), Calydonian Boar, Canens (mythology), Centaur, Cephalus, Cepheus, King of Aethiopia, Ceyx, Christianization, ..., Cipus, Circe, Circumlocution, Complete Works of Shakespeare, Constellation, Couplet, Creation myth, Crotone, Cupid, Cycnus, Cyparissus, Dactylic hexameter, Daedalion, Daedalus, Dante Alighieri, Daphne, Deianira, Deucalion, Diana (mythology), Diana and Actaeon (Titian), Diana and Callisto, Dionysus, Dryope, Echo (mythology), Edmund Spenser, Elegy, English language, English literature, Epic poetry, Epithet, Epyllion, Erysichthon of Thessaly, Europa (mythology), Exile of Ovid, Flood myth, Fourteener (poetry), French literature, Ganymede (mythology), Gauls, Genre, Geoffrey Chaucer, George Sandys, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Giovanni Boccaccio, Glaucus, Greek literature, Greek mythology, Greenwood Publishing Group, Hecuba, Hellenistic period, Hercules, Hermaphroditus, Hero, Heroic couplet, Hesiod, Hippolytus (son of Theseus), Homer, Hyacinth (mythology), Icarus, Iliad, Ino (Greek mythology), Io (mythology), Iolaus, Isis (Lully), Italian literature, Jason, Jerome, John Dryden, John Gay, John Gower, John Milton, John of Gaunt, Joseph Addison, Julius Caesar, Jupiter (mythology), Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, Lapiths, Late Middle Ages, Latin, Latin literature, List of Metamorphoses characters, Literary fragment, Lookingglass Theatre Company, Manuscript, Marsyas, Mary Zimmerman, Masterpiece, Medea, Meleager, Memnon (mythology), Mercury (mythology), Metamorphoses (play), Metamorphosis, Metre, Midas, Minerva, Minos, Minotaur, Minyas (mythology), Mount Helicon, Muses, Myrmidons, Myrrha, Myth, Nahum Tate, Narcissus (mythology), Narrative poetry, Nessus (mythology), Nestor (mythology), Nicander, Nicholas Rowe (writer), Nicolaas Heinsius the Elder, Niobe, Numa Pompilius, Nymph, Ocyrhoe, Odysseus, Odyssey, Old Testament, Orithyia, Orpheus, Orpheus and Eurydice, Ovid, Pantheon (religion), Paradise Lost, Pastoral, Peleus, Pelias, Pelops, Pentheus, Perdix (mythology), Perseus, Perseus Project, Phaethon, Philomela, Picus, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Polydorus, Polyxena, Pomona (mythology), Procne, Procris, Proserpina, Pygmalion (mythology), Pyramus and Thisbe, Pyrrha, Pythagoras, Reason, Renaissance, Roman mythology, Rome, Romeo and Juliet, Romulus and Remus, Royal Shakespeare Company, Salmacis, Samuel Garth, Scholia, Scylla (princess), Semele, Statius, Tales from Ovid, Ted Hughes, Tereus, The Book of the Duchess, The Canterbury Tales, The Death of Actaeon, The Manciple's Tale, The Tempest, The Wife of Bath's Tale, Thebaid (Latin poem), Theory of art, Theseus, Thetis, Tiresias, Titian, Titus Andronicus, Tragedy, Translation, Transubstantiation, Triptolemus, Troy, Universal history, Venus (mythology), Venus and Adonis (Shakespeare poem), Vertumnus, Walters Art Museum, Western culture, Western literature, William Caxton, William Congreve, William Shakespeare, Wilmon Brewer, World Digital Library. Expand index (193 more) » « Shrink index
A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96.
In Greek mythology, Achelous (Ancient Greek: Ἀχελώїoς, and later Ἀχελῷος Achelṓios) was originally the god of all water and the rivers of the world were viewed by many as his sinews.
In Greek mythology, Achilles or Achilleus (Ἀχιλλεύς, Achilleus) was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad.
The story of the love of Acis and the sea-nymph Galatea appears in Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Actaeon (Ἀκταίων Aktaion), in Greek mythology, son of the priestly herdsman Aristaeus and Autonoe in Boeotia, was a famous Theban hero.
AD 8 (VIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Adonis was the mortal lover of the goddess Aphrodite in Greek mythology.
Aeacus (also spelled Eacus; Ancient Greek: Αἰακός) was a mythological king of the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.
Aegina (Αίγινα, Aígina, Αἴγῑνα) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, from Athens.
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).
The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
In Greek mythology, Aesacus or Aisakos (Αἴσακος) was a son of King Priam of Troy.
In Greek mythology, Aeson (Αἴσων Aísōn) was a king of Iolcus in Thessaly.
After Ovid: New Metamorphoses is a collection of poems inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses.
The Ages of Man are the stages of human existence on the Earth according to Greek mythology and its subsequent Roman interpretation.
Aglaurus (Ancient Greek: Ἄγλαυρος) or Agraulus (Ancient Greek: Ἄγραυλος) was in Greek mythology, an Athenian princess.
Ajax or Aias (or; Αἴας, gen. Αἴαντος Aiantos) is a mythological Greek hero, the son of King Telamon and Periboea, and the half-brother of Teucer.
In Greek mythology, Alcyone or Alkyone (Ancient Greek: Ἁλκυόνη, Halkyónē derived from alkyon αλκυων "kingfisher") was the daughter of Aeolus, either by Enarete or Aegiale.
Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet.
Althaea or Althea (Ἀλθαία Althaía "healer; also a kind of mallow") was the queen of Calydon in Greek mythology.
Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
In Greek mythology, Andromeda (Greek: Ἀνδρομέδα, Androméda or Ἀνδρομέδη, Andromédē) is the daughter of the Aethiopian king Cepheus and his wife Cassiopeia.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
Apollo and Daphne is a life-sized Baroque marble sculpture by Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, executed between 1622 and 1625.
In Greek mythology (and later Roman mythology), Arachne (from ἀράχνη "spider", cognate with Latin araneus) was a talented mortal weaver who challenged Athena, goddess of wisdom and crafts, to a weaving contest; this hubris resulted in her being transformed into a spider.
In Greek mythology, Arethusa (Ἀρέθουσα) was a nymph and daughter of Nereus (making her a Nereid), who fled from her home in Arcadia beneath the sea and came up as a fresh water fountain on the island of Ortygia in Syracuse, Sicily.
The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
Arthur Golding (May 1606) was an English translator of more than 30 works from Latin into English.
Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós; Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
Atalanta (Ἀταλάντη Atalantē) is a character in Greek mythology, a virgin huntress, unwilling to marry, and loved by the hero Meleager.
In Greek mythology, Athamas (Ἀθάμας "rich harvest") was a Boeotian king.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Battus was a figure in Greek mythology who witnessed Hermes stealing Apollo's cattle in Maenalus in Arcadia.
In Ovid's moralizing fable which stands on the periphery of Greek mythology and Roman mythology, Baucis and Philemon were an old married couple in the region of Tyana, which Ovid places in Phrygia, and the only ones in their town to welcome disguised gods Zeus and Hermes (in Roman mythology, Jupiter and Mercury respectively), thus embodying the pious exercise of hospitality, the ritualized guest-friendship termed xenia, or theoxenia when a god was involved.
Blanche of Lancaster (25 March 1345/1347 – 12 September 1368) was a member of the English royal House of Plantagenet and the daughter of the kingdom's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster.
Boios (Βοῖος), Latinized Boeus, was a Greek grammarian and mythographer, remembered chiefly as the author of a lost work on the transformations of mythic figures into birds, his Ornithogonia, which was translated into Latin by Aemilius Macer, a friend of Ovid, who was the author of the most familiar such collections of metamorphoses.
In Greek mythology, Byblis or Bublis (Βυβλίς) was a daughter of Miletus.
In Greek mythology, Cadmus (Κάδμος Kadmos), was the founder and first king of Thebes.
In Greek mythology, Caeneus (Καινεύς, Kaineus) was a Lapith hero of Thessaly.
In Greek mythology, Callirrhoe (also Callirhoe) was the daughter of the river god Achelous.
In Greek mythology, Callisto or Kallisto (Καλλιστώ) was a nymph, or the daughter of King Lycaon; the myth varies in such details.
The Calydonian or Aetolian Boar (ὁ Καλυδώνιος κάπροςPseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke, 2.) is one of the monsters of Greek mythology that had to be overcome by heroes of the Olympian age.
In Roman mythology, Canens was the personification of song.
A centaur (Κένταυρος, Kéntauros), or occasionally hippocentaur, is a mythological creature with the upper body of a human and the lower body and legs of a horse.
Cephalus (Κέφαλος, Kephalos) is a name, used both for the hero-figure in Greek mythology and carried as a theophoric name by historical persons.
In Greek mythology, Cepheus (Greek: Κηφεύς Kepheús) is the name of two rulers of Aethiopia, grandfather and grandson.
In Greek mythology, Ceyx (Kēüx) was the son of Eosphorus and the king of Trachis in Thessaly.
Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.
Cipus was a legendary Roman praetor famous for his pietas.
Circe (Κίρκη Kírkē) is a goddess of magic or sometimes a nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress in Greek mythology.
Circumlocution (also called circumduction, circumvolution, periphrasis, kenning or ambage), is locution that circles around a specific idea with multiple words rather than directly evoking it with fewer and apter words.
Complete Works of William Shakespeare is the standard name given to any volume containing all the plays and poems of William Shakespeare.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
A couplet is a pair of successive lines of metre in poetry.
A creation myth (or cosmogonic myth) is a symbolic narrative of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it.
Crotone (Crotonese: Cutrone or Cutruni) is a city and comune in Calabria.
In classical mythology, Cupid (Latin Cupīdō, meaning "desire") is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection.
In Greek mythology, multiple characters were known as Cycnus (Κύκνος) or Cygnus.
In Greek mythology, Cyparissus or Kyparissos (Greek: Κυπάρισσος, "cypress") was a boy beloved by Apollo, or in some versions by other deities.
Dactylic hexameter (also known as "heroic hexameter" and "the meter of epic") is a form of meter or rhythmic scheme in poetry.
In Greek mythology, Daedalion was a son of Hesperos, or Lucifer, and the brother of Ceyx.
In Greek mythology, Daedalus (Δαίδαλος Daidalos "cunningly wrought", perhaps related to δαιδάλλω "to work artfully"; Daedalus; Etruscan: Taitale) was a skillful craftsman and artist.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
Daphne (Δάφνη, meaning "laurel") is a minor figure in Greek mythology known as a naiad—a type of female nymph associated with fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks and other bodies of freshwater.
Deianira, Deïanira, or Deianeira (Δηϊάνειρα, Dēiáneira, or Δῃάνειρα, Dēáneira), also known as Dejanira, is a figure in Greek mythology whose name translates as "man-destroyer" or "destroyer of her husband".
Deucalion (Δευκαλίων) was the son of Prometheus; ancient sources name his mother as Clymene, Hesione, or Pronoia.
Diana (Classical Latin) was the goddess of the hunt, the moon, and nature in Roman mythology, associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals.
Diana and Actaeon is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Titian, finished in 1556–1559, and is considered amongst Titian's greatest works.
Diana and Callisto is a painting completed between 1556 and 1559 by the Venetian artist Titian.
Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.
In Greek mythology, Dryope (Δρυόπη derived from δρῦς drys, "oak"; dryope "woodpecker") is the name attributed to several distinct figures.
In Greek mythology, Echo (Ἠχώ, Ēkhō, "echo", from ἦχος (ēchos), "sound") was an Oread who resided on Mount Cithaeron.
Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.
In English literature, an elegy is a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from countries of the former British Empire, including the United States.
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.
An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.
Villa Corsini.) In classical studies the term epyllion (Ancient Greek: ἐπύλλιον, plural: ἐπύλλια, epyllia) refers to a comparatively short narrative poem (or discrete episode within a longer work) that shows formal affinities with epic, but betrays a preoccupation with themes and poetic techniques that are not generally or, at least, primarily characteristic of epic proper.
In Greek mythology, Erysichthon (Ἐρυσίχθων ὁ Θεσσαλός 'earth-tearer') (also anglicised as Erisichthon), son of Triopas, was a King of Thessaly.
In Greek mythology, Europa (Εὐρώπη, Eurṓpē) was the mother of King Minos of Crete, a woman with Phoenician origin of high lineage, and after whom the continent Europe was named.
Ovid, the Latin poet of the Roman Empire, was banished in 8 AD from Rome to Tomis (now Constanţa, Romania) by decree of the emperor Augustus.
A flood myth or deluge myth is a narrative in which a great flood, usually sent by a deity or deities, destroys civilization, often in an act of divine retribution.
In poetry, a fourteener is a line consisting of 14 syllables, which are usually made of seven iambic feet for which the style is also called iambic heptameter.
French literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the French language, particularly by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak traditional languages of France other than French.
In Greek mythology, Ganymede or Ganymedes (Greek: Γανυμήδης, Ganymēdēs) is a divine hero whose homeland was Troy.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
George Sandys ("sands"; 2 March 1578 – March 1644) was an English traveller, colonist, and poet.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
Glaucus (Γλαῦκος Glaukos) was a Greek prophetic sea-god, born mortal and turned immortal upon eating a magical herb.
Greek literature dates from ancient Greek literature, beginning in 800 BC, to the modern Greek literature of today.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Hecuba (also Hecabe, Hécube; Ἑκάβη Hekábē) was a queen in Greek mythology, the wife of King Priam of Troy during the Trojan War, with whom she had 19 children.
The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
Hercules is a Roman hero and god.
In Greek mythology, Hermaphroditus or Hermaphroditos (Ἑρμαφρόδιτος) was the son of Aphrodite and Hermes.
A hero (masculine) or heroine (feminine) is a real person or a main character of a literary work who, in the face of danger, combats adversity through feats of ingenuity, bravery or strength; the original hero type of classical epics did such things for the sake of glory and honor.
A heroic couplet is a traditional form for English poetry, commonly used in epic and narrative poetry, and consisting of a rhyming pair of lines in iambic pentameter.
Hesiod (or; Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos) was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.
''The Death of Hippolytus'', by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836–1912). In Greek mythology, Hippolytus (Ἱππόλυτος Hippolytos; "unleasher of horses") was a son of Theseus and either Antiope or Hippolyte.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Hyacinth or Hyacinthus (Ὑάκινθος Huákinthos) is a divine hero from Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Icarus (the Latin spelling, conventionally adopted in English; Ἴκαρος, Íkaros, Etruscan: Vikare) is the son of the master craftsman Daedalus, the creator of the Labyrinth.
The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
In Greek mythology Ino (Ἰνώ) was a mortal queen of Thebes, who after her death and transfiguration was worshiped as a goddess under her epithet Leucothea, the "white goddess." Alcman called her "Queen of the Sea" (θαλασσομέδουσα), which, if not hyperbole, would make her a doublet of Amphitrite.
Io (Ἰώ) was, in Greek mythology, one of the mortal lovers of Zeus.
In Greek mythology, Iolaus (Ἰόλαος Iólaos) was a Theban divine hero, son of Iphicles and Automedusa.
Isis is a French opera (tragédie en musique) in a prologue and five acts with music by Jean-Baptiste Lully and a libretto by Philippe Quinault, based on Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Italian literature is written in the Italian language, particularly within Italy.
Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature.
Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος; c. 27 March 347 – 30 September 420) was a priest, confessor, theologian, and historian.
John Dryden (–) was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668.
John Gay (30 June 1685 – 4 December 1732) was an English poet and dramatist and member of the Scriblerus Club.
John Gower (c. 1330 – October 1408) was an English poet, a contemporary of William Langland and the Pearl Poet, and a personal friend of Geoffrey Chaucer.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English nobleman, soldier, statesman, and prince, the third of five surviving sons of King Edward III of England.
Joseph Addison (1 May 1672 – 17 June 1719) was an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Jupiter (from Iūpiter or Iuppiter, *djous “day, sky” + *patēr “father," thus "heavenly father"), also known as Jove gen.
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus is a painting in oil on canvas measuring in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels.
The Lapiths (Λαπίθαι) are a legendary people of Greek mythology, whose home was in Thessaly, in the valley of the Peneus and on the mountain Pelion.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin literature includes the essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings written in the Latin language.
This is a list of characters in the poem Metamorphoses by Ovid.
Literary fragments may comprise.
Lookingglass Theatre Company is a non-profit, ensemble-based theater company located in Chicago, Illinois.
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document written by hand -- or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten -- as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.
In Greek mythology, the satyr Marsyas (Μαρσύας) is a central figure in two stories involving music: in one, he picked up the double oboe (aulos) that had been abandoned by Athena and played it; in the other, he challenged Apollo to a contest of music and lost his hide and life.
Mary Zimmerman (born August 23, 1960) is an American theatre and opera director and playwright from Nebraska.
Masterpiece, magnum opus (Latin, great work) or chef-d’œuvre (French, master of work, plural chefs-d’œuvre) in modern use is a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship.
In Greek mythology, Medea (Μήδεια, Mēdeia, მედეა) was the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, niece of Circe, granddaughter of the sun god Helios.
In Greek mythology, Meleager (Meléagros) was a hero venerated in his temenos at Calydon in Aetolia.
In Greek mythology, Memnon (Μέμνων) was an Ethiopian king and son of Tithonus and Eos.
Mercury (Latin: Mercurius) is a major god in Roman religion and mythology, being one of the Dii Consentes within the ancient Roman pantheon.
Metamorphoses is a play by the American playwright and director Mary Zimmerman, adapted from the classic Ovid poem ''Metamorphoses''.
Metamorphosis is a biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's body structure through cell growth and differentiation.
The metre (British spelling and BIPM spelling) or meter (American spelling) (from the French unit mètre, from the Greek noun μέτρον, "measure") is the base unit of length in some metric systems, including the International System of Units (SI).
Midas (Μίδας) is the name of at least three members of the royal house of Phrygia.
Minerva (Etruscan: Menrva) was the Roman goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, although it is noted that the Romans did not stress her relation to battle and warfare as the Greeks would come to, and the sponsor of arts, trade, and strategy.
In Greek mythology, Minos (Μίνως, Minōs) was the first King of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa.
In Greek mythology, the Minotaur (Μῑνώταυρος, Minotaurus, Etruscan: Θevrumineś) is a mythical creature portrayed in Classical times with the head of a bull and the body of a man or, as described by Roman poet Ovid, a being "part man and part bull".
In Greek mythology, Minyas (Μινύας) was the founder of Orchomenus, Boeotia.
Mount Helicon (Ἑλικών; Ελικώνας) is a mountain in the region of Thespiai in Boeotia, Greece, celebrated in Greek mythology.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
The Myrmidons (Μυρμιδόνες Myrmidones) were a legendary people of Greek mythology, native to the region of Thessaly.
Myrrha (Greek: Μύρρα, Mýrra), also known as Smyrna (Greek: Σμύρνα, Smýrna), is the mother of Adonis in Greek mythology.
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.
Nahum Tate (1652 – 30 July 1715) was an Irish poet, hymnist and lyricist, who became England's poet laureate in 1692.
In Greek mythology, Narcissus (Νάρκισσος, Nárkissos) was a hunter from Thespiae in Boeotia who was known for his beauty.
Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that tells a story, often making the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metered verse.
In Greek mythology, Nessus (Ancient Greek: Νέσσος) was a famous centaur who was killed by Heracles, and whose tainted blood in turn killed Heracles.
Nestor of Gerenia (Νέστωρ Γερήνιος, Nestōr Gerēnios) was the wise King of Pylos described in Homer's Odyssey.
Nicander of Colophon (Níkandros ho Kolophṓnios; fl. 2nd century BC), Greek poet, physician and grammarian, was born at Claros (Ahmetbeyli in modern Turkey), near Colophon, where his family held the hereditary priesthood of Apollo.
Nicholas Rowe (20 June 1674 – 6 December 1718), English dramatist, poet and miscellaneous writer, was appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
Nicolaas Heinsius the Elder (Nicolaus Heinsius; 20 July 1620 – 7 October 1681) was a Dutch classical scholar and poet, son of Daniel Heinsius.
In Greek mythology, Niobe (Νιόβη) was a daughter of Tantalus and of either Dione, the most frequently cited, or of Eurythemista or Euryanassa, and the sister of Pelops and Broteas.
Numa Pompilius (753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the legendary second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus.
A nymph (νύμφη, nýmphē) in Greek and Latin mythology is a minor female nature deity typically associated with a particular location or landform.
Ocyrhoe (Ὠκυρόη) or Ocyrrhoe (Ὠκυρρόη) refers to at least five characters in Greek mythology.
Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.
The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Orithyia (Ὠρείθυια Ōreithuia; Ōrīthyia) was the daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens and his wife, Praxithea, in Greek mythology.
Orpheus (Ὀρφεύς, classical pronunciation) is a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth.
The ancient legend of Orpheus and Eurydice concerns the fateful love of Orpheus of Thrace, son of Apollo and the muse, for the beautiful Eurydice (from Eurudike, "she whose justice extends widely").
Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.
A pantheon (from Greek πάνθεον pantheon, literally "(a temple) of all gods", "of or common to all gods" from πᾶν pan- "all" and θεός theos "god") is the particular set of all gods of any polytheistic religion, mythology, or tradition.
Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton (1608–1674).
A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.
In Greek mythology, Peleus (Πηλεύς, Pēleus) was a hero whose myth was already known to the hearers of Homer in the late 8th century BC.
Pelias (Πελίας) was king of Iolcus in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Pelops (Greek: Πέλοψ), was king of Pisa in the Peloponnesus.
In Greek mythology, Pentheus (Πενθεύς) was a king of Thebes.
Perdix (Πέρδιξ) was a nephew and student of Daedalus in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Perseus (Περσεύς) is the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty, who, alongside Cadmus and Bellerophon, was the greatest Greek hero and slayer of monsters before the days of Heracles.
The Perseus Project (version 4 also known as "Perseus Hopper") is a digital library project of Tufts University, which is located in Medford and Somerville, near Boston, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
In Greek mythology, Phaethon (Φαέθων, Phaéthōn), was the son of the Oceanid Clymene and the solar deity Helios.
Philomela or Philomel (Φιλομήλη, Philomēlē) is a minor figure in Greek mythology and is frequently invoked as a direct and figurative symbol in literary, artistic, and musical works in the Western canon.
Picus was a figure in Roman mythology, was the first king of Latium.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525-1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
In Greek mythology, Polydorus (or; Πολύδωρος, i.e. "many-gift") or Polydoros referred to several different people.
In Greek mythology, Polyxena (Greek: Πολυξένη) was the youngest daughter of King Priam of Troy and his queen, Hecuba.
Pomona (Pōmōna) was a goddess of fruitful abundance in ancient Roman religion and myth.
Procne (Πρόκνη, Próknē) is a minor figure in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Procris (Πρόκρις, gen.: Πρόκριδος) was the daughter of Erechtheus, king of Athens and his wife, Praxithea.
Proserpina or Proserpine is an ancient Roman goddess whose cult, myths and mysteries were based on those of Greek Persephone and her mother Demeter, the Greek goddess of grain and agriculture.
Pygmalion (Πυγμαλίων, Pugmalíōn, gen.: Πυγμαλίωνος) is a legendary figure of Cyprus.
Pyramus and Thisbē are a pair of ill-fated lovers whose story forms part of Ovid's Metamorphoses.
In Greek mythology, Pyrrha (Πύρρα) was the daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora and wife of Deucalion of whom she had three sons, Hellen, Amphictyon, Orestheus; and three daughters Protogeneia, Pandora II and Thyia.
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of the Pythagoreanism movement.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome's legendary origins and religious system, as represented in the literature and visual arts of the Romans.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are twin brothers, whose story tells the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus.
The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) is a major British theatre company, based in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.
In Greek mythology, Salmacis (Σαλμακίς) was an atypical naiad who rejected the ways of the virginal Greek goddess Artemis in favour of vanity and idleness.
Sir Samuel Garth FRS (1661 – 18 January 1719) was an English physician and poet.
Scholia (singular scholium or scholion, from σχόλιον, "comment, interpretation") are grammatical, critical, or explanatory comments, either original or extracted from pre-existing commentaries, which are inserted on the margin of the manuscript of an ancient author, as glosses.
Scylla is a princess of Megara in Greek mythology.
Semele (Σεμέλη Semelē), in Greek mythology, is a daughter of the Boeotian hero Cadmus and Harmonia, and the mother of Dionysus by Zeus in one of his many origin myths.
Publius Papinius Statius (c. 45c. 96 AD) was a Roman poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
Tales from Ovid is a poetical work written by the English poet Ted Hughes (17 August 1930 – 28 October 1998).
Edward James Hughes (17 August 1930 – 28 October 1998) was an English poet and children's writer.
In Greek mythology, Tereus was a Thracian king,Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War 2:29 the son of Ares and husband of Procne.
The Book of the Duchess, also known as The Deth of Blaunche, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910.
The Canterbury Tales (Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17,000 lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer between 1387 and 1400.
The Death of Actaeon is a late work by the Italian Renaissance painter Titian, painted in oil on canvas from about 1559 to his death in 1576 and now in the National Gallery in London.
The Manciple's Tale is part of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.
The Tempest is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1610–1611, and thought by many critics to be the last play that Shakespeare wrote alone.
The Wife of Bath's Tale (the Tale of the Wyf of Bathe) is among the best-known of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
The Thebaid (Thēbaïs) is a Latin epic in 12 books written in dactylic hexameter by Publius Papinius Statius (AD c. 45 – c. 96).
At the broadest level, a theory of art aims to shed light on some aspect of the project of defining art or to theorize about the structure of our concept of ‘art’ without providing classical definitions, namely definitions formulated in terms of “necessary and sufficient” conditions.
Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens.
Thetis (Θέτις), is a figure from Greek mythology with varying mythological roles.
In Greek mythology, Tiresias (Τειρεσίας, Teiresias) was a blind prophet of Apollo in Thebes, famous for clairvoyance and for being transformed into a woman for seven years.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
Titus Andronicus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1588 and 1593, probably in collaboration with George Peele.
Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
Transubstantiation (Latin: transsubstantiatio; Greek: μετουσίωσις metousiosis) is, according to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the change of substance or essence by which the bread and wine offered in the sacrifice of the sacrament of the Eucharist during the Mass, become, in reality, the body and blood of Jesus Christ.
Triptolemus (Τριπτόλεμος, Triptólemos, lit. "threefold warrior"; also known as Buzyges), in Greek mythology always connected with Demeter of the Eleusinian Mysteries, might be accounted the son of King Celeus of Eleusis in Attica, or, according to the Pseudo-Apollodorus (Bibliotheca I.V.2), the son of Gaia and Oceanus—another way of saying he was "primordial man".
Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.
A universal history is a work aiming at the presentation of the history of humankind as a whole, coherent unit.
Venus (Classical Latin) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory.
Venus and Adonis is a narrative poem by William Shakespeare published in 1593.
In Roman mythology, Vertumnus (also Vortumnus or Vertimnus) is the god of seasons, change and plant growth, as well as gardens and fruit trees.
The Walters Art Museum, located in Mount Vernon-Belvedere, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, is a public art museum founded and opened in 1934.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
Western literature, also known as European literature, is the literature written in the context of Western culture in the languages of Europe, including the ones belonging to the Indo-European language family as well as several geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian.
William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) was an English merchant, diplomat, writer and printer.
William Congreve (24 January 1670 – 19 January 1729) was an English playwright and poet of the Restoration period.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wilmon Brewer (1895–1998) was an American literary scholar, poet, author and philanthropist.
The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.