89 relations: 'Pataphysics, Aesop's Fables, All the world's a stage, Allegory, Alliteration, Analogy, Andrew Goatly, Anthropomorphism, Antithesis, Aristotle, As You Like It, Boyle Roche, Camel's nose, Caspar David Friedrich, Catachresis, Checkmate, Cliché, Cognitive linguistics, Colemanballs, Communism, Conceptual blending, Conceptual metaphor, Contemporary Psychoanalysis, Cornell University Press, Czech language, Dead metaphor, Description, Donald Davidson (philosopher), Figure of speech, Friedrich Nietzsche, Futurama, George Lakoff, Greek language, Historical linguistics, Hyperbole, Hypocatastasis, I. A. Richards, Ideasthesia, Ideology, Immanuel Kant, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jacques Derrida, Joachim Grzega, John Searle, Jonathan Barnes, Knowledge, Latin, Leonard B. Meyer, Linguistic relativity, List of English-language metaphors, ..., Literal and figurative language, Mark J. Blechner, Max Black, Metaphor in philosophy, Metonymy, Misnomer, Musicology, Nazism, New Testament, Old French, On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense, Onomasiology, Origin of language, Origin of speech, Oxford University Press, Parable, Parables of Jesus, Paul Ricœur, Philology, Pun, Red coat (military uniform), Reification (fallacy), Rhetoric (Aristotle), Robert Frost, Russian language, Sarcasm, Simile, Stefano Arduini, Sylvia Plath, Synesthesia, Tertium comparationis, The Lonely Tree, University of Chicago Press, University of Toronto Press, War as metaphor, Wilhelm von Humboldt, William Shakespeare, World Hypotheses, Zapp Brannigan. Expand index (39 more) » « Shrink index
Pataphysics or pataphysics (pataphysique) is a difficult to define literary trope invented by French writer Alfred Jarry (1873–1907).
Aesop's Fables, or the Aesopica, is a collection of fables credited to Aesop, a slave and storyteller believed to have lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 564 BCE.
"All the world's a stage" is the phrase that begins a monologue from William Shakespeare's As You Like It, spoken by the melancholy Jaques in Act II Scene VII.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
Alliteration is a figure of speech and a stylistic literary device which is identified by the repeated sound of the first or second letter in a series of words, or the repetition of the same letter sounds in stressed syllables of a phrase.
Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion", from ana- "upon, according to" + logos "ratio") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analog, or source) to another (the target), or a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process.
Andrew Goatly is an English language professor at Lingnan University in Hong Kong.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
Antithesis (Greek for "setting opposite", from ἀντί "against" and θέσις "placing") is used in writing or speech either as a proposition that contrasts with or reverses some previously mentioned proposition, or when two opposites are introduced together for contrasting effect.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 and first published in the First Folio in 1623.
Sir Boyle Roche, 1st Baronet (October 1736, as cited in Some sources, including earlier versions of the Dictionary of National Biography, give the date as 1743. However, since the later date would make Roche rather young to have served with such distinction — he would have been 15 at the Battle on Snowshoes (and already a lieutenant!), 16 at the Siege of Quebec and 19 at the capture of El Morro — the earlier date seems more reasonable. – 5 June 1807) was an Irish politician.
The camel's nose is a metaphor for a situation where the permitting of a small, seemingly innocuous act will open the door for larger, clearly undesirable actions.
Caspar David Friedrich (5 September 1774 – 7 May 1840) was a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation.
Catachresis (from Greek κατάχρησις, "abuse"), originally meaning a semantic misuse or error—e.g., using "militate" for "mitigate", "chronic" for "severe", "anachronism" for "anomaly", "alibi" for "excuse", etc.—is also the name given to many different types of figures of speech in which a word or phrase is being applied in a way that significantly departs from conventional (or traditional) usage.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
A cliché or cliche is an expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even to the point of being trite or irritating, especially when at some earlier time it was considered meaningful or novel.
Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics.
Colemanballs is a term coined by Private Eye magazine to describe verbal gaffes perpetrated by sports commentators.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Conceptual blending, also called conceptual integration or view application, is a theory of cognition developed by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner.
In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of another.
Contemporary Psychoanalysis is a quarterly academic journal for the dissemination of progressive psychoanalytic ideas.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
A dead metaphor is a figure of speech which has lost the original imagery of its meaning due to extensive, repetitive, and popular usage.
Description is the pattern of narrative development that aims to make vivid a place, an object, a character, or a group.
Donald Herbert Davidson (March 6, 1917 – August 30, 2003) was an American philosopher.
A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is figurative language in the form of a single word or phrase.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
George P. Lakoff (born May 24, 1941) is an American cognitive linguist and philosopher, best known for his thesis that lives of individuals are significantly influenced by the central metaphors they use to explain complex phenomena.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
Hyperbole (ὑπερβολή, huperbolḗ, from ὑπέρ (hupér, "above") and βάλλω (bállō, "I throw")) is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.
Hypocatastasis is a figure of speech that declares or implies a resemblance, representation or comparison.
Ivor Armstrong Richards (26 February 1893 – 7 September 1979), known as I. A. Richards, was an English educator, literary critic, and rhetorician whose work contributed to the foundations of the New Criticism, a formalist movement in literary theory, which emphasized the close reading of a literary text, especially poetry, in an effort to discover how a work of literature functions as a self-contained, self-referential æsthetic object.
Ideasthesia (alternative spelling ideaesthesia) is defined as a phenomenon in which activations of concepts (inducers) evoke perception-like experiences (concurrents).
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) is a scholarly online encyclopedia, dealing with philosophy, philosophical topics, and philosophers.
Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.
Joachim Grzega (born 9 September 1971) is a German linguist.
John Rogers Searle (born 31 July 1932) is an American philosopher.
Jonathan Barnes, FBA (born 26 December 1942 in Wenlock, Shropshire) is an English scholar of ancient philosophy.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leonard B. Meyer (January 12, 1918 – December 30, 2007) was a composer, author, and philosopher.
The hypothesis of linguistic relativity holds that the structure of a language affects its speakers' world view or cognition.
A list of metaphors in the English language organised by type.
Literal and figurative language is a distinction within some fields of language analysis, in particular stylistics, rhetoric, and semantics.
Mark J. Blechner (born November 6, 1950 in Manhattan, New York) is an American psychologist and psychoanalyst.
Max Black (24 February 1909 – 27 August 1988) was a British-American philosopher, who was a leading figure in analytic philosophy in the years after World War II.
Metaphor, the description of one thing as something else, has become of interest in recent decades to both analytic philosophy and continental philosophy, but for different reasons.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
A misnomer is a name or term that suggests an idea that is known to be wrong.
Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense (Über Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne, also called On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral SenseWalter Kaufmann's translation, appearing in The Portable Nietzsche, 1976 edition. Viking Press.) is a philosophical essay by Friedrich Nietzsche.
Onomasiology (from ὀνομάζω (onomāzο)—to name, which in turn is from ὄνομα—name) is a branch of linguistics concerned with the question "how do you express X?" It is in fact most commonly understood as a branch of lexicology, the study of words (although some apply the term also to grammar and conversation).
The evolutionary emergence of language in the human species has been a subject of speculation for several centuries.
The origin of speech refers to the more general problem of the origin of language in the context of the physiological development of the human speech organs such as the tongue, lips and vocal organs used to produce phonological units in all human languages.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A parable is a succinct, didactic story, in prose or verse that illustrates one or more instructive lessons or principles.
The Parables of Jesus can be found in all the gospels, except for John, and in some of the non-canonical gospels, but are located mainly within the three Synoptic Gospels.
Jean Paul Gustave Ricœur (27 February 1913 – 20 May 2005) was a French philosopher best known for combining phenomenological description with hermeneutics.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
Redcoat is a historical item of military clothing used widely, though not exclusively worn, by most regiments of the British Army from the 17th to the 20th centuries.
Reification (also known as concretism, hypostatization, or the fallacy of misplaced concreteness) is a fallacy of ambiguity, when an abstraction (abstract belief or hypothetical construct) is treated as if it were a concrete real event or physical entity.
Aristotle's Rhetoric (Rhētorikḗ; Ars Rhetorica) is an ancient Greek treatise on the art of persuasion, dating from the 4th century BC.
Robert Lee Frost (March26, 1874January29, 1963) was an American poet.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Sarcasm is "a sharp, bitter, or cutting expression or remark; a bitter gibe or taunt".
A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two things.
Stefano Arduini (born 1956) is a scholar of linguistics, rhetoric, semiotics and translation.
Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short-story writer.
Synesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.
Tertium comparationis (Latin for "the third of the comparison") is the quality that two things which are being compared have in common.
The Lonely Tree (German: Der einsame Baum) is an 1822 oil-on-canvas painting by German painter Caspar David Friedrich.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.
The use of war as metaphor is a longstanding literary and rhetorical trope.
Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand von Humboldt (22 June 1767 – 8 April 1835) was a Prussian philosopher, linguist, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the Humboldt University of Berlin, which was named after him in 1949 (and also after his younger brother, Alexander von Humboldt, a naturalist).
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
World Hypotheses: a study in evidence (also known as World Hypotheses: Prolegomena to systematic philosophy and a complete survey of metaphysics) is a book written by Stephen Pepper, published in 1942.
Zapp Brannigan is a fictional character in the animated sitcom Futurama.