61 relations: Acetic acid, Acetone, Acid, Alkane, Alkyl, Allyl group, Ancient Greek, Back-formation, Benzoic acid, Benzyl chloride, Benzyl group, Biochemistry, Biosynthesis, Carbanion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Chemical bond, Chemical formula, Chirality, Deuterium, Dimer (chemistry), Dimethyl sulfate, Ethane, Eugène-Melchior Péligot, Fatty acid, France, Grignard reaction, Halogenation, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Ion, IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Joule, Ketene, Methane, Methanogenesis, Methyl iodide, Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, Methyllithium, Mole (unit), Molecule, Nucleophile, Organic compound, Organic synthesis, Permanganate, Phase (matter), Photochemistry, Proton, Protonation, ..., Radical (chemistry), Reagent, Redox, Standard enthalpy of reaction, Stereochemistry, Substituent, Thermal decomposition, Toluene, Torr, Triflate, Tritium. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.
An allyl group is a substituent with the structural formula H2C.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Benzyl chloride, or α-chlorotoluene, is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2Cl.
In organic chemistry, benzyl is the substituent or molecular fragment possessing the structure C6H5CH2–.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.
A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.
Dimethyl sulfate is a chemical compound with formula (CH3O)2SO2.
Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.
Eugène-Melchior Péligot (24 March 1811 in Paris – 15 April 1890 in Paris), also known as Eugène Péligot, was a French chemist who isolated the first sample of uranium metal in 1841.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.
Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
A ketene is an organic compound of the form R′R″C.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens.
Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.
Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, also commonly called methyl triflate and abbreviated MeOTf, is the organic compound with the formula CF3SO2OCH3.
Methyllithium is the simplest organolithium reagent with the empirical formula CH3Li.
The mole, symbol mol, is the SI unit of amount of substance.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
A permanganate is the general name for a chemical compound containing the manganate(VII) ion,.
In the physical sciences, a phase is a region of space (a thermodynamic system), throughout which all physical properties of a material are essentially uniform.
Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light.
In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
The standard enthalpy of reaction (denoted ΔHr⊖) is the enthalpy change that occurs in a system when matter is transformed by a given chemical reaction, when all reactants and products are in their standard states.
Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
Thermal decomposition, or thermolysis, is a chemical decomposition caused by heat.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
The torr (symbol: Torr) is a unit of pressure based on an absolute scale, now defined as exactly of a standard atmosphere (101.325 kPa).
Triflate, also known by the systematic name trifluoromethanesulfonate, is a functional group with the formula CF3SO3−.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.