Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Methyl group

Index Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3. [1]

61 relations: Acetic acid, Acetone, Acid, Alkane, Alkyl, Allyl group, Ancient Greek, Back-formation, Benzoic acid, Benzyl chloride, Benzyl group, Biochemistry, Biosynthesis, Carbanion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Chemical bond, Chemical formula, Chirality, Deuterium, Dimer (chemistry), Dimethyl sulfate, Ethane, Eugène-Melchior Péligot, Fatty acid, France, Grignard reaction, Halogenation, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Ion, IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Joule, Ketene, Methane, Methanogenesis, Methyl iodide, Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, Methyllithium, Mole (unit), Molecule, Nucleophile, Organic compound, Organic synthesis, Permanganate, Phase (matter), Photochemistry, Proton, Protonation, ..., Radical (chemistry), Reagent, Redox, Standard enthalpy of reaction, Stereochemistry, Substituent, Thermal decomposition, Toluene, Torr, Triflate, Tritium. Expand index (11 more) »

Acetic acid

Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).

New!!: Methyl group and Acetic acid · See more »

Acetone

Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

New!!: Methyl group and Acetone · See more »

Acid

An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).

New!!: Methyl group and Acid · See more »

Alkane

In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.

New!!: Methyl group and Alkane · See more »

Alkyl

In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen.

New!!: Methyl group and Alkyl · See more »

Allyl group

An allyl group is a substituent with the structural formula H2C.

New!!: Methyl group and Allyl group · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Methyl group and Ancient Greek · See more »

Back-formation

In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme by removing actual or supposed affixes.

New!!: Methyl group and Back-formation · See more »

Benzoic acid

Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.

New!!: Methyl group and Benzoic acid · See more »

Benzyl chloride

Benzyl chloride, or α-chlorotoluene, is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2Cl.

New!!: Methyl group and Benzyl chloride · See more »

Benzyl group

In organic chemistry, benzyl is the substituent or molecular fragment possessing the structure C6H5CH2–.

New!!: Methyl group and Benzyl group · See more »

Biochemistry

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.

New!!: Methyl group and Biochemistry · See more »

Biosynthesis

Biosynthesis (also called anabolism) is a multi-step, enzyme-catalyzed process where substrates are converted into more complex products in living organisms.

New!!: Methyl group and Biosynthesis · See more »

Carbanion

A carbanion is an anion in which carbon is threevalent (forms three bonds) and bears a formal negative charge in at least one significant mesomeric contributor (resonance form).

New!!: Methyl group and Carbanion · See more »

Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

New!!: Methyl group and Carbon · See more »

Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

New!!: Methyl group and Carbon dioxide · See more »

Chemical bond

A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.

New!!: Methyl group and Chemical bond · See more »

Chemical formula

A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.

New!!: Methyl group and Chemical formula · See more »

Chirality

Chirality is a property of asymmetry important in several branches of science.

New!!: Methyl group and Chirality · See more »

Deuterium

Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).

New!!: Methyl group and Deuterium · See more »

Dimer (chemistry)

A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.

New!!: Methyl group and Dimer (chemistry) · See more »

Dimethyl sulfate

Dimethyl sulfate is a chemical compound with formula (CH3O)2SO2.

New!!: Methyl group and Dimethyl sulfate · See more »

Ethane

Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

New!!: Methyl group and Ethane · See more »

Eugène-Melchior Péligot

Eugène-Melchior Péligot (24 March 1811 in Paris – 15 April 1890 in Paris), also known as Eugène Péligot, was a French chemist who isolated the first sample of uranium metal in 1841.

New!!: Methyl group and Eugène-Melchior Péligot · See more »

Fatty acid

In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.

New!!: Methyl group and Fatty acid · See more »

France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Methyl group and France · See more »

Grignard reaction

The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.

New!!: Methyl group and Grignard reaction · See more »

Halogenation

Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.

New!!: Methyl group and Halogenation · See more »

Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

New!!: Methyl group and Hydrocarbon · See more »

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

New!!: Methyl group and Hydrogen · See more »

Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

New!!: Methyl group and Ion · See more »

IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry

In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

New!!: Methyl group and IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry · See more »

Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.

New!!: Methyl group and Jean-Baptiste Dumas · See more »

Joule

The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.

New!!: Methyl group and Joule · See more »

Ketene

A ketene is an organic compound of the form R′R″C.

New!!: Methyl group and Ketene · See more »

Methane

Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

New!!: Methyl group and Methane · See more »

Methanogenesis

Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens.

New!!: Methyl group and Methanogenesis · See more »

Methyl iodide

Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.

New!!: Methyl group and Methyl iodide · See more »

Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate

Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, also commonly called methyl triflate and abbreviated MeOTf, is the organic compound with the formula CF3SO2OCH3.

New!!: Methyl group and Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate · See more »

Methyllithium

Methyllithium is the simplest organolithium reagent with the empirical formula CH3Li.

New!!: Methyl group and Methyllithium · See more »

Mole (unit)

The mole, symbol mol, is the SI unit of amount of substance.

New!!: Methyl group and Mole (unit) · See more »

Molecule

A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

New!!: Methyl group and Molecule · See more »

Nucleophile

Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.

New!!: Methyl group and Nucleophile · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Methyl group and Organic compound · See more »

Organic synthesis

Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.

New!!: Methyl group and Organic synthesis · See more »

Permanganate

A permanganate is the general name for a chemical compound containing the manganate(VII) ion,.

New!!: Methyl group and Permanganate · See more »

Phase (matter)

In the physical sciences, a phase is a region of space (a thermodynamic system), throughout which all physical properties of a material are essentially uniform.

New!!: Methyl group and Phase (matter) · See more »

Photochemistry

Photochemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the chemical effects of light.

New!!: Methyl group and Photochemistry · See more »

Proton

| magnetic_moment.

New!!: Methyl group and Proton · See more »

Protonation

In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.

New!!: Methyl group and Protonation · See more »

Radical (chemistry)

In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.

New!!: Methyl group and Radical (chemistry) · See more »

Reagent

A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.

New!!: Methyl group and Reagent · See more »

Redox

Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.

New!!: Methyl group and Redox · See more »

Standard enthalpy of reaction

The standard enthalpy of reaction (denoted ΔHr⊖) is the enthalpy change that occurs in a system when matter is transformed by a given chemical reaction, when all reactants and products are in their standard states.

New!!: Methyl group and Standard enthalpy of reaction · See more »

Stereochemistry

Stereochemistry, a subdiscipline of chemistry, involves the study of the relative spatial arrangement of atoms that form the structure of molecules and their manipulation.

New!!: Methyl group and Stereochemistry · See more »

Substituent

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

New!!: Methyl group and Substituent · See more »

Thermal decomposition

Thermal decomposition, or thermolysis, is a chemical decomposition caused by heat.

New!!: Methyl group and Thermal decomposition · See more »

Toluene

Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

New!!: Methyl group and Toluene · See more »

Torr

The torr (symbol: Torr) is a unit of pressure based on an absolute scale, now defined as exactly of a standard atmosphere (101.325 kPa).

New!!: Methyl group and Torr · See more »

Triflate

Triflate, also known by the systematic name trifluoromethanesulfonate, is a functional group with the formula CF3SO3−.

New!!: Methyl group and Triflate · See more »

Tritium

Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.

New!!: Methyl group and Tritium · See more »

Redirects here:

CH3+, Carbanylium, Carbinyl, Carbon cation, Chiral methyl, Methyl, Methyl end, Methyl groups, Methyl ion, Methyl monocation, Methyl vanillate, Methylester, Methylium cation.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methyl_group

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »