102 relations: Alkoxide, Alkylation, Amine, Amino acid, Anisole, Arginine, Asymmetric dimethylarginine, Azaleatin, Biochemistry, Biological system, Biology, Bisulfite sequencing, Caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase, Carbohydrate, Carbonyl group, Carboxylate, Catalysis, Chemistry, Cobalamin, CpG site, Cytosine, Demethylation, Diazomethane, Dimethyl carbonate, Dimethyl sulfate, Dimethylzinc, DNA methylation, DNA methyltransferase, Electrophile, Enol, Enzyme, Epigenetics, Eschweiler–Clarke reaction, Ester, Ether, Food chain, Gene expression, Grignard reaction, Guanine, Heavy metals, Histone, Histone methyltransferase, Homocysteine, Housekeeping gene, Ketone, Levomefolic acid, Lignin, Lysine, Menshutkin reaction, Messenger RNA, ..., Methanogenesis, MethDB, Methionine, Methionine synthase, Methoxy group, Methyl fluorosulfonate, Methyl group, Methyl iodide, Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, Methylarsonic acid, Methylation, Methyllithium, Methylmagnesium chloride, Methylmercury, MicroRNA, Microscale thermophoresis, Monolignol, N6-Methyladenosine, Nucleophile, Nucleophilic substitution, Nysted reagent, Organic chemistry, Organic Syntheses, Petasis reagent, Phenol, Phenols, Post-transcriptional modification, Post-translational modification, Precursor (chemistry), Promoter (genetics), Protein methylation, Residue (chemistry), Ribosomal RNA, S-Adenosyl methionine, Silver oxide, Small nuclear RNA, Small nucleolar RNA, Soil science, Substrate (chemistry), Tebbe's reagent, Tetrahydrofolic acid, Tetramethylammonium chloride, Tetramethyltin, Transfer RNA, Transfer-messenger RNA, Trimethylaluminium, Trimethylsilyldiazomethane, Wittig reaction, Zinc, 5-Methylcytosine, 5-O-Methylgenistein, 5-O-Methylmyricetin. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom.
Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another.
In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Anisole, or methoxybenzene, is an organic compound with the formula CH3OC6H5.
Arginine (symbol Arg or R) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a naturally occurring chemical found in blood plasma.
Azaleatin is a chemical compound.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Bisulfite sequencing (also known as bisulphite sequencing) is the use of bisulfite treatment of DNA to determine its pattern of methylation.
In enzymology, a caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are S-adenosyl methionine and caffeoyl-CoA, whereas its two products are S-adenosylhomocysteine and feruloyl-CoA.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C.
A carboxylate is a salt or ester of a carboxylic acid.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Cobalamin (Cbl) is a general term that is referred to a number of compounds, that have cobalt ion in the middle, hence the name of the compound.
The CpG sites or CG sites are regions of DNA where a cytosine nucleotide is followed by a guanine nucleotide in the linear sequence of bases along its 5' → 3' direction.
Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
Demethylation is the chemical process resulting in the removal of a methyl group (CH3) from a molecule.
Diazomethane is the chemical compound CH2N2, discovered by German chemist Hans von Pechmann in 1894.
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an organic compound with the formula OC(OCH3)2.
Dimethyl sulfate is a chemical compound with formula (CH3O)2SO2.
Dimethylzinc, also known as Zinc methyl, DMZ, or DMZn is a colorless volatile liquid Zn(CH3)2, formed by the action of methyl iodide on zinc at elevated temperature or on zinc sodium alloy.
DNA methylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA molecule.
In biochemistry, the DNA methyltransferase (DNA MTase) family of enzymes catalyze the transfer of a methyl group to DNA.
In organic chemistry, an electrophile is a reagent attracted to electrons.
Enols, or more formally, alkenols, are a type of reactive structure or intermediate in organic chemistry that is represented as an alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of the alkene double bond.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.
The Eschweiler–Clarke reaction (also called the Eschweiler–Clarke methylation) is a chemical reaction whereby a primary (or secondary) amine is methylated using excess formic acid and formaldehyde.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.
The Grignard reaction (pronounced) is an organometallic chemical reaction in which alkyl, vinyl, or aryl-magnesium halides (Grignard reagents) add to a carbonyl group in an aldehyde or ketone.
Guanine (or G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.
In biology, histones are highly alkaline proteins found in eukaryotic cell nuclei that package and order the DNA into structural units called nucleosomes.
Histone methyltransferases (HMT) are histone-modifying enzymes (e.g., histone-lysine N-methyltransferases and histone-arginine N-methyltransferases), that catalyze the transfer of one, two, or three methyl groups to lysine and arginine residues of histone proteins.
Homocysteine is a non-proteinogenic α-amino acid.
In molecular biology, housekeeping genes are typically constitutive genes that are required for the maintenance of basic cellular function, and are expressed in all cells of an organism under normal and patho-physiological conditions.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
Levomefolic acid (INN) (also known as L-5-MTHF, L-methylfolate and L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate and (6S)-5-methyltetrahydrofolate, and (6S)-5-MTHF) is the primary biologically active form of folate used at the cellular level for DNA reproduction, the cysteine cycle and the regulation of homocysteine.
Lignin is a class of complex organic polymers that form important structural materials in the support tissues of vascular plants and some algae. Lignins are particularly important in the formation of cell walls, especially in wood and bark, because they lend rigidity and do not rot easily. Chemically, lignins are cross-linked phenolic polymers.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
In organic chemistry, the Menshutkin reaction converts a tertiary amine into a quaternary ammonium salt by reaction with an alkyl halide.
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression.
Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens.
MethDB is a database for DNA methylation data.
Methionine (symbol Met or M) is an essential amino acid in humans.
Methionine synthase also known as MS, MeSe, MetH is responsible for the regeneration of methionine from homocysteine.
A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen.
Methyl fluorosulfonate, also known as magic methyl, is the organic compound with the formula FSO2OCH3.
A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.
Methyl iodide, also called iodomethane, and commonly abbreviated "MeI", is the chemical compound with the formula CH3I.
Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, also commonly called methyl triflate and abbreviated MeOTf, is the organic compound with the formula CF3SO2OCH3.
Methylarsonic acid is an organoarsenic compound with the formula CH3AsO3H2.
In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.
Methyllithium is the simplest organolithium reagent with the empirical formula CH3Li.
Methylmagnesium chloride is an organometallic compound with the general formula CH3MgCl.
Methylmercury (sometimes methyl mercury) is an organometallic cation with the formula.
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals and some viruses, that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression.
Microscale thermophoresis (MST) is a technology for the interaction analysis of biomolecules.
Monolignols are phytochemicals acting as source materials for biosynthesis of both lignans and lignin.
N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) is an abundant modification in mRNA and is found within some viruses, and most eukaryotes including mammals, insects, plants and yeast.
Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.
In organic and inorganic chemistry, nucleophilic substitution is a fundamental class of reactions in which an electron rich nucleophile selectively bonds with or attacks the positive or partially positive charge of an atom or a group of atoms to replace a leaving group; the positive or partially positive atom is referred to as an electrophile.
The Nysted reagent is a reagent used in organic synthesis for the methenylation of a carbonyl group.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Organic Syntheses is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1921.
The Petasis reagent is an organotitanium compound with the formula Cp2Ti(CH3)2.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
Post-transcriptional modification or Co-transcriptional modification is the process in eukaryotic cells where primary transcript RNA is converted into mature RNA.
Post-translational modification (PTM) refers to the covalent and generally enzymatic modification of proteins following protein biosynthesis.
In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.
In genetics, a promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a particular gene.
Protein methylation is the process through which a group of specific enzymes, the methyltransferases modify proteins by adding a methyl groups.
In chemistry residue is whatever remains or acts as a contaminant after a given class of events.
Ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) is the RNA component of the ribosome, and is essential for protein synthesis in all living organisms.
S-Adenosyl methionineSAM-e, SAMe, SAM, S-Adenosyl-L-methionine, AdoMet, ademetionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.
Silver(I) oxide is the chemical compound with the formula Ag2O.
Small nuclear ribonucleic acid (snRNA), also commonly referred to as U-RNA, is a class of small RNA molecules that are found within the splicing speckles and Cajal bodies of the cell nucleus in eukaryotic cells.
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are a class of small RNA molecules that primarily guide chemical modifications of other RNAs, mainly ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs and small nuclear RNAs.
Soil science is the study of soil as a natural resource on the surface of the Earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
The Tebbe reagent is the organometallic compound with the formula (C5H5)2TiCH2ClAl(CH3)2.
Tetrahydrofolic acid, or tetrahydrofolate, is a folic acid derivative.
Tetramethylammonium chloride is one of the simplest quaternary ammonium salts, with four methyl groups tetrahedrally attached to the central N. The chemical formula (CH3)4N+Cl− is often abbreviated further as Me4N+Cl−.
Tetramethyltin is an organometallic compound with the formula (CH3)4Sn.
A transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA and formerly referred to as sRNA, for soluble RNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 76 to 90 nucleotides in length, that serves as the physical link between the mRNA and the amino acid sequence of proteins.
Transfer-messenger RNA (abbreviated tmRNA, also known as 10Sa RNA and by its genetic name SsrA) is a bacterial RNA molecule with dual tRNA-like and messenger RNA-like properties.
Trimethylaluminium is one of the simplest examples of an organoaluminium compound.
Trimethylsilyldiazomethane is the organosilicon compound with the formula (CH3)3SiCHN2.
The Wittig reaction or Wittig olefination is a chemical reaction of an aldehyde or ketone with a triphenyl phosphonium ylide (often called a Wittig reagent) to give an alkene and triphenylphosphine oxide.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
5-Methylcytosine is a methylated form of the DNA base cytosine that may be involved in the regulation of gene transcription.
5-O-Methylgenistein is an O-methylated isoflavone.
5-O-Methylmyricetin is an O-methylated flavonol, a type of flavonoid.
5-O-Methyl, 5-O-Methylation, Biomethylation, Epigenetic methylation, Hypermethylated, Hypermethylation, Irvine-Purdie methylation, Irvine–Purdie methylation, Methylate, Methylated, Methylates, Methylating, Methylating agent, Methylation capacity, Purdie methylation, RNA methylation.