44 relations: Alpha helix, Atomic mass unit, AU-rich element, Base pair, Biogenesis, Catabolism, Catalysis, Cell growth, Chromosome, Coenzyme A, Crystallography, Deletion (genetics), Dimer (chemistry), Dominance (genetics), Enoyl-CoA hydratase, Enzyme, Exon, Gene, Gene duplication, Heart, Kidney, Leucine, Leukoencephalopathy, Liver, Lysine, Metabolism, Missense mutation, Mitochondrial matrix, Molecular mass, Morphology (biology), Mutation, Neuron, Nucleotide, Oligomer, Organic redox reaction, Polymer degradation, Protein, RNA, Skeletal muscle, Spleen, Splice, Transcription (genetics), Translation (biology), Trimer.
The alpha helix (α-helix) is a common secondary structure of proteins and is a righthand-coiled or spiral conformation (helix) in which every backbone N-H group donates a hydrogen bond to the backbone C.
The unified atomic mass unit (symbol: u) or dalton (symbol: Da) is the standard unit that is used for indicating mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).
Adenylate-uridylate-rich elements (AU-rich elements; AREs) are found in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of many messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that code for proto-oncogenes, nuclear transcription factors, and cytokines.
Base pairs (unit: bp), which form between specific nucleobases (also termed nitrogenous bases), are the building blocks of the DNA double helix and contribute to the folded structure of both DNA and RNA.
Biogenesis is the production of new living organisms or organelles.
Catabolism (from Greek κάτω kato, "downward" and βάλλειν ballein, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy, or used in other anabolic reactions.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalyst.
The term cell growth is used in the contexts of cell development and cell division (reproduction).
A chromosome (''chromo-'' + ''-some'') is a packaged and organized structure containing most of the DNA of a living organism.
Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, or HSCoA) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.
Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in the crystalline solids (see crystal structure).
In genetics, a deletion (also called gene deletion, deficiency, or deletion mutation) (sign: Δ) is a mutation (a genetic aberration) in which a part of a chromosome or a sequence of DNA is lost during DNA replication.
A dimer (di-, "two" + -mer, "parts") is an oligomer consisting of two structurally similar monomers joined by bonds that can be either strong or weak, covalent or intermolecular.
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.
Enoyl-CoA hydratase is an enzyme that hydrates the double bond between the second and third carbons on acyl-CoA.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
An exon is any part of a gene that codes for a part of the final mature RNA product of that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.
A gene is a locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA or protein product, and is the molecular unit of heredity.
Gene duplication (or chromosomal duplication or gene amplification) is a major mechanism through which new genetic material is generated during molecular evolution.
The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrates.
Leucine (abbreviated as Leu or L) is a branched-chain α-amino acid, classified hydrophobic due to the isobutyl side chain.
The term Leukoencephalopathy is a broad term for leukodystrophy-like diseases.
The liver is a vital organ of vertebrates and some other animals.
Lysine (abbreviated as Lys or K) is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)(CH2)4NH2.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of living organisms.
In genetics, a missense mutation (a type of nonsynonymous substitution) is a point mutation in which a single nucleotide change results in a codon that codes for a different amino acid.
In the mitochondrion, the matrix contains soluble enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of pyruvate and other small organic molecules.
Molecular mass or molecular weight is the mass of a molecule.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
In biology, a mutation is a permanent change of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements.
A neuron (or; also known as a neurone or nerve cell) is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA.
In chemistry, an oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, not limited.
Organic reductions or organic oxidations or organic redox reactions are redox reactions that take place with organic compounds.
Polymer degradation is a change in the properties—tensile strength, colour, shape, etc.—of a polymer or polymer-based product under the influence of one or more environmental factors such as heat, light or chemicals such as acids, alkalis and some salts.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule implicated in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Skeletal muscle is a form of striated muscle tissue which is under the voluntary control of the somatic nervous system.
The spleen (from Greek σπλήν—splḗn) is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
Splice may refer to:; as connection of two or more pieces of linear material.
Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins.
Trimer might refer to.