407 relations: Africa, African art, Albrecht Dürer, Aldobrandini Tazze, Alejandro Santo Domingo, Alfred Stieglitz, Alice Neel, Aline Bernstein, Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Amathus sarcophagus, Amedeo Modigliani, American Studies (journal), Americas, Ancient Greece, András Schiff, André Charles Boulle, André Watts, Andrew Bolton (curator), Andrew Solomon, Andy Goldsworthy, Anna Quindlen, Anna Wintour, Anthony van Dyck, Antonio Stradivari, Architectural sculpture, Armory Show, Armour, Art critic, Art of ancient Egypt, Arthur Dove, Arthur Rubinstein, Ashurnasirpal II, Asia, Asmat people, Assyria, Astor Court, Asturias, Aswan Dam, Attorney General of New York, Auguste Rodin, Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), Aztecs, Édouard Manet, B. Gerald Cantor, Babe Paley, Babylonia, Bartolomeo Cristofori, BBC News, Beaux-Arts architecture, Belles Heures of Jean de France, Duc de Berry, ..., Benny Andrews, Big Bambú, Bill de Blasio, Black Dog Publishing, Black-figure pottery, Bloomberg News, Bond credit rating, Boscoreale, Boston Consulting Group, Bronze Age, Burl Ives, Byzantine art, Cabinet (room), Cai Guo-Qiang, Cairo, Calligraphy, Calvert Vaux, Cantor Fitzgerald, Caravaggio, Cecilia Bartoli, Central Asia, Central Park, Chanel, Charles Demuth, Chaulukya dynasty, Chief operating officer, China, China: Through the Looking Glass, Chinese calligraphy, Chinese painting, Christopher Porrino, Claes Oldenburg, Classical antiquity, Claude Monet, Cloister, Cloisters Cross, Coco Chanel, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Coosje van Bruggen, Cornelius Vanderbilt II, Crain Communications, Cristóbal Balenciaga, Crucifixion and Last Judgement diptych, Cubism, Cuneiform script, Curator, Cyclades, Cyprus, Daily Mail, Damascus, Daniel Brodsky, Daniel Weiss (art historian), David Bowie, David Smith (sculptor), Deaccessioning (museum), Deir el-Bahari, Diana Vreeland, Diane Arbus, Diego Velázquez, Domenico Veneziano, Doug and Mike Starn, Drawing, Early Dynastic Period (Egypt), Eastman Johnson, Edgar Degas, Edward Steichen, Egypt, Egyptian Museum, El Greco, Elam, Ellsworth Kelly, Enthroned Virgin and Child (English, The Cloisters), Epte, Eric Schneiderman, Eugène Delacroix, Euphronios Krater, Europe, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Fifth Avenue, Florence, Fort Tryon Park, Francisco Goya, Frank Stella, Fur Traders Descending the Missouri, George Caleb Bingham, George Grey Barnard, George Jepsen, George Palmer Putnam, Georges Braque, Georges de La Tour, Gertrude Stein, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Gianni Versace, Gilman Paper Company collection, Giverny, Gothic Revival architecture, Hamilton E. James, Harlem, Haverford College, Henri Matisse, Henri Rousseau, Henry II of France, Henry VIII of England, History of Asian art, Hittites, Holland Cotter, Houses of Parliament (Monet series), Howard Potter, Hughes Hubbard & Reed, Human resource management, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold, In situ, India, Iran, Irene Lewisohn, Iris Apfel, Iris Cantor, Islamic art, Italian Renaissance, Itzhak Perlman, J. M. W. Turner, Jackson Pollock, Jacob Wrey Mould, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Jacques-Louis David, Jan van Eyck, Japan, Jasper Johns, Jayne Wrightsman, Jean-Antoine Houdon, Jeanne Hébuterne, Jeff Koons, Jeffrey W. Greenberg, Joan Sutherland, Joel Shapiro, Johannes Vermeer, John Crosby Brown, John D. Rockefeller Jr., John Singer Sargent, John Taylor Johnston, Judy Collins, Juilliard String Quartet, Jules Bastien-Lepage, Junius Spencer Morgan II, Karl Bitter, Ken Johnson (art critic), Ken Sunshine, Kevin Roche, Khachkar, Kingdom of Benin, Klaus Perls, Lake Guatavita, Lamassu, Late antiquity, Late Middle Ages, Leonard Lauder, Leonardo da Vinci, Limbourg brothers, List of largest art museums, List of most visited art museums, List of most visited museums, Lower Paleolithic, Luigi Palma di Cesnola, Madison Avenue, Madonna (entertainer), Magdalena Abakanowicz, Manhattan, Marcel Breuer, Marian Anderson, Marie-Denise Villers, Marilyn Horne, Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown, Master of the Nets Garden, Max Beckmann, Max Hollein, Mérode Altarpiece, McKim, Mead & White, Met Breuer, Met Gala, Metropolitan Museum of Art Schools, Metropolitan Opera, Michael Gross (writer), Michelangelo, Middle Ages, Middle Kingdom of Egypt, Mindy Aloff, Ming dynasty, Modern art, Mona von Bismarck, Monteleone chariot, Moody's Investors Service, Mosque, Mount Vesuvius, MTA Regional Bus Operations, Mughal Empire, Muisca art, Musical instrument, Nan Kempner, National Historic Landmark, Near East, Nelson Rockefeller, Neolithic, Nepal, New Guinea, New York (magazine), New York City, New York City Subway, New York Observer, New York Post, New York State Legislature, Nigeria, Nina Simone, Norman Lewis (artist), North Africa, North America, Oceania, Oceanian art, Old Master, Opening of the Fifth Seal, Pablo Picasso, Pacific Islands, Paleolithic, Paolo Uccello, Patio, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Paul Klee, Pay what you want, Perry Ellis (brand), Philanthropy, Philippe de Montebello, Photograph, Piano, Pictorialism, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Playbill, Porcupine, Portrait of Juan de Pareja, Portrait of Madame X, Portraits of Vincent van Gogh, Princeton University Press, Printmaking, Psalter of Bonne de Luxembourg, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Quba rugs and carpets, Quran, Raymond Saunders (artist), Real Estate Board of New York, Red-figure pottery, Reg Gammon, Religious art, Reliquary, Reliquary Shrine (de Touyl), Rembrandt, Richard Chilton, Richard Howland Hunt, Richard Morris Hunt, Robert Campin, Robert Lehman, Roberta Smith, Robin Pogrebin, Roche-Dinkeloo, Rogier van der Weyden, Roman Empire, Romanesque art, Romare Bearden, Rosa Bonheur, Roxy Paine, Roy DeCarava, Roy Lichtenstein, Sandro Botticelli, Sandstone, Sarcophagus, Sarpedon, Sasanian Empire, Savage Beauty (exhibition), Seal (emblem), Security (finance), Serpent labret with articulated tongue, Sherman Fairchild Foundation, Siena, Sol LeWitt, Spain, Sreenath Sreenivasan, Sub-Saharan Africa, Suleiman the Magnificent, Sumer, Suzhou, Tapestry, Temple of Dendur, Textile, The Atlantic, The Beatles, The Blackstone Group, The Burghers of Calais, The Card Players, The Cloisters, The Death of Socrates, The Fortune Teller (de La Tour), The Gulf Stream (painting), The Harvesters (painting), The Horse Fair, The Hunt of the Unicorn, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Centennial, The Musicians (Caravaggio), The New York Times, The New York Times Book Review, The New Yorker, The Oxbow, The Pond—Moonlight, The Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Young Sailor II, Thebes, Egypt, Thomas Cole, Thomas Hoving, Thomas J. Watson, Thomas J. Watson Library, Thomas P. Campbell, Tibet, Tirthankara, Townhouse, Triptych, Tunic, Tunjo, Upper East Side, Upper Manhattan, Vélez-Blanco, View of Toledo, Villa, Vincent van Gogh, Violin, Visual art of the United States, Vogue (magazine), Voltaire, Walker Evans, Wassily Kandinsky, Weapon, Western Europe, Western painting, White Flag (Johns painting), Whitney Museum of American Art, William Kolodney, William the Faience Hippopotamus, Winslow Homer, Woman with a Lute, Women's Wear Daily, World War I, Yo-Yo Ma, Yves Saint Laurent (designer), 15th century, 16th century, 1st century, 20th century, 85th Street (Manhattan), 86th Street (IRT Lexington Avenue Line). Expand index (357 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
African art describes the modern and historical paintings, sculptures, installations, and other visual culture from native or indigenous Africans and the African continent.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
The Aldobrandini Tazze are a set of 12 silver-gilt standing cups in the shallow tazza shape (plural tazze), sometimes described as bowls or dishes.
Alejandro Santo Domingo Dávila (born 13 February 1977) is a Colombian-American financier and philanthropist.
Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.
Alice Neel (January 28, 1900 – October 13, 1984) was an American visual artist, who was known for her portraits depicting friends, family, lovers, poets, artists and strangers.
Aline Bernstein (December 22, 1880 – September 7, 1955) was an American set designer and costume designer.
The Altiplano Cundiboyacense is a high plateau located in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes covering parts of the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá.
The Amathus sarcophagus is a Cypriot sarcophagus that likely held a king of Amathus.
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (12 July 1884 – 24 January 1920) was an Italian-Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France.
American Studies is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering issues broadly concerning American culture and international perspectives.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Sir András Schiff (born 21 December 1953) is a Hungarian-born British classical pianist and conductor, who has received numerous major awards and honours, including the Grammy Award, Gramophone Award, Mozart Medal, and Royal Academy of Music Bach Prize, and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in her 2014 Birthday Honours for services to music.
André-Charles Boulle (11 November 164229 February 1732), le joailler du meuble (the "marquetry jeweller"), is the most famous French cabinetmaker and the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, also known as "Inlay".
André Watts (born June 20, 1946) is a classical pianist and professor at the Jacobs School of Music of Indiana University.
Andrew Bolton (born 1966) is a British museum curator and current Head Curator of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume Institute in New York City.
Andrew Solomon (born October 30, 1963) is a writer on politics, culture and psychology, who lives in New York City and London.
Andy Goldsworthy (born 26 July 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist producing site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings.
Anna Marie Quindlen (born July 8, 1952) is an American author, journalist, and opinion columnist.
Dame Anna Wintour (born 3 November 1949) is a British-American journalist and editor.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antonio Stradivari; (1644 – December 18, 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas and harps.
Architectural sculpture is the use of sculptural techniques by an architect and/or sculptor in the design of a building, bridge, mausoleum or other such project.
The Armory Show, also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, was a show organized by the Association of American Painters and Sculptors in 1913.
Armour (British English or Canadian English) or armor (American English; see spelling differences) is a protective covering that is used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or vehicle by direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentially dangerous environment or activity (e.g., cycling, construction sites, etc.). Personal armour is used to protect soldiers and war animals.
An art critic is a person who is specialized in analyzing, interpreting and evaluating art.
Ancient Egyptian art is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization of ancient Egypt in the lower Nile Valley from about 3000 BC to 30 AD.
Arthur Garfield Dove (August 2, 1880 – November 23, 1946) was an American artist.
Arthur Rubinstein (Artur Rubinstein; 28 January 188720 December 1982) was a Polish American classical pianist.
Ashur-nasir-pal II (transliteration: Aššur-nāṣir-apli, meaning "Ashur is guardian of the heir") was king of Assyria from 883 to 859 BC.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Asmat are an ethnic group of New Guinea, residing in the Papua province of Indonesia.
Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.
The Astor Court, located in The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, is a re-creation of a Ming Dynasty-style, Chinese-garden courtyard.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
The Aswan Dam, or more specifically since the 1960s, the Aswan High Dam, is an embankment dam built across the Nile in Aswan, Egypt, between 1960 and 1970.
The Attorney General of New York is the chief legal officer of the State of New York and head of the New York state government's Department of Law.
François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) is an abstract expressionist painting by American artist Jackson Pollock in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.
Bernard Gerald Cantor (December 17, 1916 – July 17, 1996) was the founder and chairman of securities firm Cantor Fitzgerald and an important philanthropist supporting visual arts institutions in the United States.
Barbara "Babe" Cushing Mortimer Paley (July 5, 1915 – July 6, 1978) was an American socialite and style icon, whose second husband was the founder of CBS, William S. Paley.
Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).
Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco (May 4, 1655 – January 27, 1731) was an Italian maker of musical instruments, generally regarded as the inventor of the piano.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Beaux-Arts architecture was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century.
The Belles Heures of Jean de France, Duc de Berry, or Belles Heures of Jean de Berry (The Beautiful Hours) is an early 15th-century illuminated manuscript book of hours (containing prayers to be said by the faithful at each canonical hour of the day) commissioned by the French prince John, Duke of Berry (Jean, duc de Berry), around 1409, and made for his use in private prayer and especially devotions to the Virgin Mary.
Benny Andrews (November 13, 1930 – November 10, 2006) was an African-American painter, printmaker, and creator of collages.
Big Bambú is a work of installation art by identical twin artists Doug and Mike Starn.
Bill de Blasio (born Warren Wilhelm Jr.; May 8, 1961) is an American politician and civil servant who is currently serving as the 109th Mayor of New York City.
Black Dog Publishing (London UK) is a British publishing company specialising in illustrated non-fiction books on contemporary culture.
Black-figure pottery painting, also known as the black-figure style or black-figure ceramic (Greek, μελανόμορφα, melanomorpha) is one of the styles of painting on antique Greek vases.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
In investment, the bond credit rating represents the credit worthiness of corporate or government bonds.
Boscoreale (Vuoscoriàlë) is an Italian comune and town in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania, with a population of 27,457 in 2011.
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American multinational management consulting firm with 90 offices in 50 countries.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Burl Icle Ivanhoe Ives (June 14, 1909 – April 14, 1995) was an American singer and actor of stage, screen, radio and television.
Byzantine art is the name for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the empire.
A cabinet (also known by other terms) was a private room in the houses and palaces of early modern Europe serving as a study or retreat, usually for a man.
Cai Guo-Qiang (born 8 December 1957) is a Chinese artist who currently lives and works in New York City and New Jersey.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
Calvert Vaux (December 20, 1824 – November 19, 1895) was a British-American architect and landscape designer.
Cantor Fitzgerald is a financial services firm that was founded in 1945.
Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.
Cecilia Bartoli, Cavaliere OMRI (born 4 June 1966) is an Italian coloratura mezzo-soprano opera singer and recitalist.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
Chanel S.A. is a French, privately held company owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel.
Charles Henry Buckius Demuth (November 8, 1883 – October 23, 1935) was an American watercolorist who turned to oils late in his career, developing a style of painting known as Precisionism.
The Chaulukya dynasty, also known as the Chalukyas of Gujarat, ruled parts of what are now Gujarat and Rajasthan in north-western India, between and.
The chief operating officer (COO), also called the chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, comprising part of the "C-Suite".
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China: Through the Looking Glass was an art exhibition held in 2015 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art focusing on the impact of Chinese design on Western fashion over the centuries.
Chinese calligraphy is a form of aesthetically pleasing writing (calligraphy), or, the artistic expression of human language in a tangible form.
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.
Christopher S. Porrino (born October 20, 1967) is a nonpartisan American trial lawyer who served as the Attorney General of New Jersey from 2016 to 2018.
Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Oscar-Claude Monet (14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein air landscape painting.
A cloister (from Latin claustrum, "enclosure") is a covered walk, open gallery, or open arcade running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth.
The Cloisters Cross, also referred to as the Bury St Edmunds Cross, is an unusually complex 12th century ivory Romanesque altar cross in The Cloisters, part of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and a business woman.
Colt's Manufacturing Company, LLC (CMC, formerly Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company) is an American firearms manufacturer, founded in 1855 by Samuel Colt.
Coosje van Bruggen (June 6, 1942 – January 10, 2009) was a sculptor, art historian, and critic.
Cornelius Vanderbilt II (November 27, 1843 – September 12, 1899) was an American socialite, heir, businessman, and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.
Crain Communications Inc is an American publishing conglomerate based in Detroit, Michigan.
Cristóbal Balenciaga Eizaguirre (January 21, 1895 – March 23, 1972) was a Spanish Basque fashion designer and the founder of the Balenciaga fashion house.
The Crucifixion and Last Judgement diptych (or Diptych with Calvary and Last Judgement)Vermij et al., 362 consists of two small painted panels attributed to the Early Netherlandish artist Jan van Eyck, with areas finished by unidentified followers or members of his workshop.
Cubism is an early-20th-century art movement which brought European painting and sculpture historically forward toward 20th century Modern art.
Cuneiform script, one of the earliest systems of writing, was invented by the Sumerians.
A curator (from cura, meaning "to take care") is a manager or overseer.
The Cyclades (Κυκλάδες) are an island group in the Aegean Sea, southeast of mainland Greece and a former administrative prefecture of Greece.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.
Daniel Brodsky (born 1945) is an American real estate developer, art collector, and serves as chairman of the board at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Daniel Weiss is the current president and chief executive officer of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, since February 28, 2017.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
Roland David Smith (March 9, 1906 – May 23, 1965) was an American abstract expressionist sculptor and painter, best known for creating large steel abstract geometric sculptures.
Deaccessioning is defined as the process by which a work of art or other object is permanently removed from a museum’s collection.
Deir el-Bahari or Dayr al-Bahri (الدير البحري al-Dayr al-Baḥrī "the Monastery of the Sea") is a complex of mortuary temples and tombs located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor, Egypt.
Diana Vreeland (September 29, 1903 – August 22, 1989) was a noted columnist and editor in the field of fashion.
Diane Arbus (March 14, 1923 – July 26, 1971) was an American photographer noted for photographs of marginalized people—dwarfs, giants, transgender people, nudists, circus performers—and others whose normality was perceived by the general populace as ugly or surreal.
Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (baptized on June 6, 1599August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age.
Domenico Veneziano (c. 1410 – May 15, 1461) was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance, active mostly in Perugia and Tuscany.
Doug and Mike Starn are American artists, identical twins, born 1961.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
The Archaic or Early Dynastic Period of Egypt is the era immediately following the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt c. 3100 BC.
Jonathan Eastman Johnson (July 29, 1824 – April 5, 1906) was an American painter and co-founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, with his name inscribed at its entrance.
Edgar Degas (or; born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas,; 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.
Edward Jean Steichen (March 27, 1879 – March 25, 1973) was a Luxembourgish American photographer, painter, and art gallery and museum curator.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or Museum of Cairo, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.
Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; October 1541 7 April 1614), most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek"), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
Elam (Elamite: haltamti, Sumerian: NIM.MAki) was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
Ellsworth Kelly (May 31, 1923 – December 27, 2015) was an American painter, sculptor, and printmaker associated with hard-edge painting, Color Field painting and minimalism.
The Enthroned Virgin and Child is a statuette in elephant ivory dated to between 1290–1300, now at The Cloisters in New York.
The Epte is a river in Seine-Maritime and Eure, in Normandy, France.
Eric Tradd Schneiderman (born December 31, 1954) is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 65th Attorney General of New York from 2011 until his resignation in May 2018.
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
The Euphronios Krater (or Sarpedon krater) is an ancient Greek terra cotta calyx-krater, a bowl used for mixing wine with water.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death.
Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
Fort Tryon Park is a public park located in the Hudson Heights and Inwood neighborhoods of the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
Frank Philip Stella (born May 12, 1936) is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker, noted for his work in the areas of minimalism and post-painterly abstraction.
Fur Traders Descending the Missouri is an 1845 painting by George Caleb Bingham.
George Caleb Bingham (March 20, 1811 – July 7, 1879) was an American artist whose paintings of American life in the frontier lands along the Missouri River exemplify the Luminist style.
George Grey Barnard (May 24, 1863 – April 24, 1938), often written George Gray Barnard, was an American sculptor who trained in Paris.
George Christian Jepsen, December 17, 1989, The New York Times (born November 23, 1954) is an American lawyer, politician, and incumbent Attorney General of Connecticut.
George Palmer Putnam (February 7, 1814 – December 20, 1872) was an important American book publisher.
Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.
Georges de La Tour (March 13, 1593 – January 30, 1652) was a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini (also Gianlorenzo or Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect.
Giovanni Maria "Gianni" Versace (2 December 1946 – 15 July 1997) was an Italian fashion designer and founder of Versace, an international fashion house that produces accessories, fragrances, make-up, home furnishings, and clothes.
The Gilman Paper Company collection is an archive of original photographic prints and negatives, and it was donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Giverny is a commune in the Eure department in northern France.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Hamilton Evans "Tony" James (born February 3, 1951) is an American billionaire businessman, and the executive vice chairman of The Blackstone Group, a New York-based global asset management firm, having previously been president and chief operating officer.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Haverford College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in Haverford, Pennsylvania.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) at the Guggenheim was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner.
Henry II (Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
The history of Asian art or Eastern art, includes a vast range of influences from various cultures and religions.
The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.
Holland Cotter (born April 9, 1947) is an art critic with the New York Times.
Claude Monet painted a series of oil paintings of the Palace of Westminster, home of the British Parliament, in the fall of 1899 and the early months of 1900 and 1901 during stays in London.
Howard Potter was an industrialist, investment banker, diplomat and philanthropist, and a partner in Brown Bros. & Co..
Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP (a.k.a. "Hughes Hubbard," or "HHR"), is a New York City-based international law firm among those that The American Lawyer calls "the top firms among the Nation's legal elite." The firm's history dates back to the late 19th century when it counted among its partners former U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes.
Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective management of organization workers so that they help the business gain a competitive advantage, Commonly referred to as the HR Department, it is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives.
I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold, also known as The Figure 5 in Gold, is a 1928 painting by American artist Charles Demuth.
In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Irene Lewisohn (September 5, 1886 – April 4, 1944) was the founder of the Neighborhood Playhouse and the Museum of Costume Art.
Iris Apfel (née Barrel; born August 29, 1921) is an American businesswoman, interior designer, and fashion icon.
Iris Cantor is a New York City and Los Angeles -based philanthropist, with a primary interest in medicine and the arts.
Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations.
The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.
Itzhak Perlman (יצחק פרלמן; born 31 August 1945) is an Israeli-American violinist, conductor, and music teacher.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
Jacob Wrey Mould (August 7, 1825 – June 14, 1886) was a British architect, illustrator, linguist and musician, noted for his contributions to the design and construction of New York City's Central Park.
Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis (born Bouvier; July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994) was the wife of the 35th President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, and the First Lady of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.
Jacques-Louis David (30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era.
Jan van Eyck (before c. 1390 – 9 July 1441) was an Early Netherlandish painter active in Bruges.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jasper Johns (born May 15, 1930) is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work is associated with abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and pop art.
Jayne Wrightsman (born Jane Kirkman Larkin, October 21, 1919) is an American philanthropist, fine arts collector and widow of philanthropist and art collector, Charles B. Wrightsman (1895–1986).
Jean-Antoine Houdon (25 March 1741 – 15 July 1828) was a French neoclassical sculptor.
Jeanne Hébuterne (6 April 1898 – 26 January 1920) was a French artist, best known as the frequent subject and common-law wife of the artist Amedeo Modigliani.
Jeffrey Koons (born January 21, 1955) is an American artist known for working with popular culture subjects and his reproductions of banal objects—such as balloon animals produced in stainless steel with mirror-finish surfaces.
Jeffrey Wayne Greenberg (born 1951) is an American lawyer and business executive who served as chairman and CEO of Marsh & McLennan Companies from 1999 to 2004.
Dame Joan Alston Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE (7 November 192610 October 2010) was an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the renaissance of the bel canto repertoire from the late 1950s through to the 1980s.
Joel Shapiro (born September 27, 1941 New York City, New York) is an American sculptor renowned for his dynamic work composed of simple rectangular shapes.
Johannes Vermeer (October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.
John Crosby Brown (1838 – June 25, 1909) was a partner in the investment bank Brown Bros. & Co., which was founded by his father James Brown and his uncles, the sons of Alexander Brown of Baltimore.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (January 29, 1874 – May 11, 1960) was an American financier and philanthropist who was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family.
John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury.
John Taylor Johnston was an American businessman and patron of the arts.
Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939) is an American singer and songwriter known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk music, show tunes, pop music, rock and roll and standards) and for her social activism.
The Juilliard String Quartet is a classical music string quartet founded in 1946 at the Juilliard School in New York by William Schuman.
Jules Bastien-Lepage (1 November 1848 – 10 December 1884) was a French painter closely associated with the beginning of naturalism, an artistic style that emerged from the later phase of the Realist movement.
Junius Spencer Morgan II (June 5, 1867 – August 18, 1932) was an art collector and a nephew of John Pierpont Morgan, Sr.
Karl Theodore Francis Bitter (December 6, 1867 – April 9, 1915) was an Austrian-born American sculptor best known for his architectural sculpture, memorials and residential work.
Ken Johnson (born 1953 in Montclair, New Jersey) is an American art critic who lives in New York City.
Ken Sunshine is an American public relations consultant, co-CEO and founder of Sunshine Sachs Consultants.
Eamonn Kevin Roche (born June 14, 1922) is an Irish-born American Pritzker Prize-winning architect.
A khachkar, also known as an Armenian cross-stone (խաչքար,, խաչ xačʿ "cross" + քար kʿar "stone") is a carved, memorial stele bearing a cross, and often with additional motifs such as rosettes, interlaces, and botanical motifs.
The Kingdom of Benin, also known as the Benin Kingdom, was a pre-colonial kingdom in what is now southern Nigeria.
Klaus Gunther Perls (1912–2008) was born in Berlin, Germany, where his parents were art dealers.
Lake Guatavita (Spanish: Laguna de Guatavita or Lago Guatavita) is located in the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes in the municipality of Sesquilé in the Almeidas Province, Cundinamarca department of Colombia, northeast of Bogotá, the capital of Colombia.
A lamassu (Cuneiform:,; Sumerian: lammař; Akkadian: lamassu; sometimes called a lamassus) is an Assyrian protective deity, often depicted as having a human's head, a body of a bull or a lion, and bird's wings.
Late antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages in mainland Europe, the Mediterranean world, and the Near East.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Leonard Alan Lauder (born March 19, 1933) is an American billionaire businessman, art collector and humanitarian.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
The Limbourg brothers (Gebroeders van Limburg; fl. 1385 – 1416) were famous Dutch miniature painters (Herman, Paul, and Johan) from the city of Nijmegen.
This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space.
This article lists the most visited art museums in the world, as listed by Art Newspaper Review Visitor Figures Survey (April 2018) and the Museum Index of the Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) and engineering firm (AECOM).
This article lists the most visited museums in the world in 2017, as ranked by Art Newspaper Review Visitor Figures Survey (April 2018) and the Museum Index of the Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) and engineering firm (AECOM) (May 2018).
The Lower Paleolithic (or Lower Palaeolithic) is the earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
Luigi Palma di Cesnola (July 29, 1832 – November 20, 1904), an Italian-American soldier, diplomat and amateur archaeologist, was born in Rivarolo Canavese, near Turin.
Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, United States, that carries northbound one-way traffic.
Madonna Louise Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman.
Magdalena Abakanowicz (20 June 1930 – 20 April 2017) was a Polish sculptor and fiber artist.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Marcel Lajos Breuer (21 May 1902 – 1 July 1981), was a Hungarian-born modernist, architect, and furniture designer.
Marian Anderson (February 27, 1897 – April 8, 1993) was an American singer.
Marie-Denise Villers (née Lemoine; 1774 – 19 August 1821) was a French painter who specialized in portraits.
Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is an American mezzo-soprano opera singer.
Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown (1842 – 1918) was an American writer, collector, and curator of musical instruments.
The Master of the Nets Garden (Suzhouese) in Suzhou is among the finest gardens in China.
Max Beckmann (February 12, 1884 – December 27, 1950) was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer.
Max Hollein (born 1969, Vienna) is an Austrian art historian who had been serving as Director and CEO of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco since July 2016.
The Mérode Altarpiece (or Annunciation Triptych) is an oil on oak panel triptych, now in The Cloisters, in New York City.
McKim, Mead & White was a prominent American architectural firm that thrived at the turn of the twentieth century.
The Met Breuer is a museum of modern and contemporary art at 945 Madison Avenue and East 75th Street in the Upper East Side of New York City; it is part of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (the Met).
The Met Gala, formally called the Costume Institute Gala and also known as the Met Ball, is an annual fundraising gala for the benefit of the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Costume Institute in New York City.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Schools were a series of educational programs established by the Metropolitan Museum of Art to provide vocational training in the late 19th century.
The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
Michael Robert Gross is an American author, journalist and editor whose work focuses on the American upper class.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt between circa 2050 BC and 1710 BC, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.
Mindy Aloff (born December 1947 Philadelphia) is an American editor, journalist, essayist, and dance critic.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Mona von Bismarck (née Strader; February 5, 1897 – July 10, 1983), also known as Mona Bismarck, was an American socialite, fashion icon and philanthropist.
The Monteleone chariot is an Etruscan chariot dated to c. 530 BC and was considered one of the world's great archaeological finds.
Moody's Investors Service, often referred to as Moody's, is the bond credit rating business of Moody's Corporation, representing the company's traditional line of business and its historical name.
A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.
Mount Vesuvius (Monte Vesuvio; Vesuvio; Mons Vesuvius; also Vesevus or Vesaevus in some Roman sources) is a somma-stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.
MTA Regional Bus Operations (RBO) is the surface transit division of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
This article describes the art produced by the Muisca.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
Nan Kempner (July 24, 1930 – July 3, 2005) was a New York City socialite, famous for dominating society events, shopping, charity work and fashion.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American businessman and politician who served as the 41st Vice President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, and previously as the 49th Governor of New York (1959–1973).
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
New York is an American biweekly magazine concerned with life, culture, politics, and style generally, and with a particular emphasis on New York City.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the state-run Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA).
Observer is an online newspaper originating in New York City.
The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.
New York State Legislature are the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nina Simone (born Eunice Kathleen Waymon; February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003) was an American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and activist in the Civil Rights Movement.
Norman Wilfred Lewis (July 23, 1909 – August 27, 1979) was an American painter, scholar, and teacher.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Oceanic art or Oceanian art comprises the creative works made by the native people of the Pacific Islands and Australia, including areas as far apart as Hawaii and Easter Island.
Sleeping Venus'' (c. 1510), Dresden, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister. In art history, "Old Master" (or "old master"), Christies.com.
The Opening of the Fifth Seal (or The Fifth Seal of the Apocalypse or The Vision of Saint John) was painted in the last years of El Greco's life for a side-altar of the church of Saint John the Baptist outside the walls of Toledo.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Paolo Uccello (1397 – 10 December 1475), born Paolo di Dono, was an Italian painter and mathematician who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art.
A patio (from patio; "courtyard", "forecourt", "yard") is an outdoor space generally used for dining or recreation that adjoins a residence and is typically paved.
Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a French post-Impressionist artist.
Paul Klee (18 December 1879 – 29 June 1940) was a Swiss German artist.
Pay what you want (or PWYW) is a pricing strategy where buyers pay their desired amount for a given commodity, sometimes including zero.
Perry Ellis is a clothing brand owned by Perry Ellis International and founded by designer Perry Ellis.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
Philippe de Montebello (born May 16, 1936 in Paris) is a museum director.
A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
Pictorialism is the name given to an international style and aesthetic movement that dominated photography during the later 19th and early 20th centuries.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525-1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.
Playbill is a monthly U.S. magazine for theatregoers.
Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that protect against predators.
The Portrait of Juan de Pareja is a painting by Spanish artist Diego Velázquez of his assistant Juan de Pareja, a notable painter in his own right, who was enslaved and owned by Velázquez at the time the painting was completed.
Madame X or Portrait of Madame X is the title of a portrait painting by John Singer Sargent of a young socialite named Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau, wife of the French banker Pierre Gautreau.
This article refers to self portraits and portraits of Vincent Van Gogh (1853–1890).
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Psalter of Bonne de Luxembourg is a small 14th-century illuminated manuscript in tempera, grisaille, ink and gold leaf on vellum, now in the collection of The Cloisters, New York, and is usually on display.
The Ptolemaic Kingdom (Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt.
Quba rugs and carpets are named for a town that is located in Azerbaijan Republic not far from the Caspian Sea; therefore, making Kubas a sub-division of Caucasian carpets.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
Raymond Saunders (born 1934 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) is an American artist known for his multimedia paintings which often have sociopolitical undertones, and which incorporate assemblage, drawing, collage and found text.
The Real Estate Board of New York (REBNY) is a trade association for the real estate industry.
Red-figure vase painting is one of the most important styles of figural Greek vase painting.
Reginald William "Reg" Gammon (9 January 1894 – 22 April 1997) was an English painter and illustrator.
Religious art or sacred art is artistic imagery using religious inspiration and motifs and is often intended to uplift the mind to the spiritual.
A reliquary (also referred to as a shrine or by the French term châsse) is a container for relics.
Jean de Touyl's Reliquary Shrine is an especially complex 14th century container for relics, now in The Cloisters, New York.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606 – 4 October 1669) was a Dutch draughtsman, painter, and printmaker.
Richard Lockwood Chilton Jr. (born June 10, 1958) is an American businessman and investor.
Richard Howland Hunt (14 March 1862 — 12 July 1931) was an American architect and member of the notable Hunt family of Vermont, who worked in partnership with his brother Joseph Howland Hunt (1870 — 11 October 1924) in New York City, as Hunt & Hunt.
Richard Morris Hunt (October 31, 1827 – July 31, 1895) was an American architect of the nineteenth century and an eminent figure in the history of American architecture.
Robert Campin (c. 1375 – 26 April 1444), now usually identified with the Master of Flémalle (earlier the Master of the Merode Triptych, before the discovery of three other similar panels), was the first great master of Flemish and Early Netherlandish painting.
Robert Owen Lehman, Sr. (September 29, 1891 – August 9, 1969) was an American banker, head of Lehman Brothers for decades, and a notable race-horse owner, art collector, and philanthropist.
Roberta Smith (born 1947) is co-chief art critic of The New York Times and a lecturer on contemporary art.
Robin Pogrebin (pron. ro-bin POG-re-bin, born May 17, 1965) has been a reporter for The New York Times since 1995, where she has covered arts institutions, architecture, and other subjects.
Roche-Dinkeloo, otherwise known as Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates LLC (KRJDA), is an architectural firm based in Hamden, Connecticut founded in 1966.
Rogier van der Weyden or Roger de la Pasture (1399 or 140018 June 1464) was an Early Netherlandish painter whose surviving works consist mainly of religious triptychs, altarpieces and commissioned single and diptych portraits.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later, depending on region.
Romare Bearden (September 2, 1911 – March 12, 1988) was an African-American artist.
Rosa Bonheur, born Marie-Rosalie Bonheur, (16 March 1822 – 25 May 1899) was a French artist, an animalière (painter of animals) and sculptor, known for her artistic realism. Her most well-known paintings are Ploughing in the Nivernais, first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1848, and now at Musée d’Orsay in Paris, and The Horse Fair (in French: Le marché aux chevaux), which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853 (finished in 1855) and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York City. Bonheur was widely considered to be the most famous female painter during the nineteenth century.
Roxy Paine (born 1966,http://kavigupta.com/artist/roxypaine/cv New York City) is an American artist.
Roy DeCarava (December 9, 1919 – October 27, 2009) was an African American artist.
Roy Fox Lichtenstein (October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997) was an American pop artist.
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (c. 1445 – May 17, 1510), known as Sandro Botticelli, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.
A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.
Sarpedon (Σαρπηδών, Sarpēdṓn) was a common name in ancient Greece and in the Roman Empire.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
Savage Beauty was an art exhibition held in 2011 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art featuring clothing created by British fashion designer Alexander McQueen, as well as accessories created for his runway shows.
A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made.
A security is a tradable financial asset.
The serpent labret with articulated tongue is a gold Aztec lip plug from the mid-second millennium AD.
The Sherman Fairchild Foundation, founded in 1955, is a charitable foundation of Sherman Mills Fairchild, founder and chairman of many Fairchild Corporations.
Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna; Sena Iulia) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.
Solomon "Sol" LeWitt (September 9, 1928 – April 8, 2007) was an American artist linked to various movements, including Conceptual art and Minimalism.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Sreenath "Sree" Sreenivasan (born October 28, 1970) was the chief digital officer of New York City from October 2016 through May 2017.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".
Suzhou (Wu Chinese), formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about northwest of Shanghai.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.
The Temple of Dendur (Dendoor in nineteenth century sources) is an Ancient Egyptian temple that was built by the Roman governor of Egypt, Petronius around 15 BC, as one of many Egyptian temples commissioned by the emperor Augustus.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Blackstone Group L.P. is an American multinational private equity, alternative asset management and financial services firm based in New York City.
Les Bourgeois de Calais is one of the most famous sculptures by Auguste Rodin.
The Card Players is a series of oil paintings by the French Post-Impressionist artist Paul Cézanne.
The Cloisters is a museum in Fort Tryon Park in Washington Heights, Upper Manhattan, New York City specializing in European medieval architecture, sculpture and decorative arts, with a focus on the Romanesque and Gothic periods.
The Death of Socrates (La Mort de Socrate) is an oil on canvas painted by French painter Jacques-Louis David in 1787.
The Fortune Teller is an oil painting of circa 1630 by the French artist Georges de La Tour.
The Gulf Stream is an 1899 oil painting by Winslow Homer.
The Harvesters is an oil painting on wood completed by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in 1565.
The Horse Fair is an oil-on-canvas painting by French artist Rosa Bonheur, begun in 1852 and first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1853.
The Hunt of the Unicorn, or the Unicorn Tapestries, is a series of seven tapestries dating from between 1495 and 1505, now in The Cloisters in New York, probably woven in Brussels.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art Centennial was a series of events and initiatives celebrating the 100th anniversary of the charter of the Museum occurring between 1969 and 1971.
The Musicians or Concert of Youths (c. 1595) is a painting by the Italian Baroque master Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610).
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Book Review (NYTBR) is a weekly paper-magazine supplement to The New York Times in which current non-fiction and fiction books are reviewed.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm, commonly known as The Oxbow, is a seminal landscape painting by Thomas Cole, founder of the Hudson River School.
The Pond—Moonlight (also exhibited as The Pond—Moonrise) is a pictorialist photograph by Edward Steichen.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Young Sailor II is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1906.
Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.
Thomas Cole (February 1, 1801 – February 11, 1848) was an English-born American painter known for his landscape and history paintings.
Thomas Pearsall Field Hoving (January 15, 1931 – December 10, 2009) was an American museum executive and consultant and the director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Thomas John Watson Sr. (February 17, 1874 – June 19, 1956) was an American businessman.
The Thomas J. Watson Library is the main research library of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (MMA), and supports the research activities of the museum staff, as well as outside researchers.
Thomas P. Campbell was born 1962 in Singapore and was the ninth director of The Metropolitan Museum of Art until his resignation in 2017.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
In Jainism, a tirthankara (Sanskrit:; English: literally a 'ford-maker') is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
A triptych (from the Greek adjective τρίπτυχον "triptukhon" ("three-fold"), from tri, i.e., "three" and ptysso, i.e., "to fold" or ptyx, i.e., "fold") is a work of art (usually a panel painting) that is divided into three sections, or three carved panels that are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open.
A tunic is any of several types of garment for the body, usually simple in style, reaching from the shoulders to a length somewhere between the hips and the ankles.
A tunjo (from Muysccubun: chunso) is a small anthropomorh or zoomorph figure elaborated by the Muisca as part of their art.
The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park/Fifth Avenue, 59th Street, the East River, and 96th Street.
Upper Manhattan denotes the most northern region of the New York City Borough of Manhattan.
Vélez-Blanco is a municipality of Almería province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
View of Toledo (original title Vista de Toledo), is one of the two surviving landscapes painted by El Greco.
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
Visual art of the United States or American art is visual art made in the United States or by American artists.
Vogue is a fashion and lifestyle magazine covering many topics including fashion, beauty, culture, living, and runway.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.
Walker Evans (November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975) was an American photographer and photojournalist best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression.
Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (Vasily Vasilyevich Kandinsky) (– 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition from antiquity until the present time.
White Flag is an encaustic painting by the American artist Jasper Johns.
The Whitney Museum of American Art – known informally as the "Whitney" – is an art museum located in Manhattan.
William Kolodney (1899 – January 18, 1976) was a Russian-born American cultural educator and program director for two major New York City institutions, the 92nd Street Y and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
William is the nickname of a faience hippopotamus from the Middle Kingdom of Egypt in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art who serves as an informal mascot of the museum.
Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects.
Woman with a Lute, also known as Woman with a Lute Near a Window, is a painting created about 1662–1663 by Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer and now at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Women's Wear Daily (WWD) is a fashion-industry trade journal sometimes called "the bible of fashion."Horyn, Cathy.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yo-Yo Ma (born October 7, 1955) is a French-born American cellist.
Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint-Laurent (1 August 1936 – 1 June 2008), professionally known as Yves Saint-Laurent, was a French fashion designer who, in 1961, founded his eponymous fashion label.
The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years 1401 to 1500.
The 16th century begins with the Julian year 1501 and ends with either the Julian or the Gregorian year 1600 (depending on the reckoning used; the Gregorian calendar introduced a lapse of 10 days in October 1582).
The 1st century was the century that lasted from AD 1 to AD 100 according to the Julian calendar.
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000.
85th Street is a westbound-running street, running from East End Avenue to Riverside Drive in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
86th Street is an express station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway.
Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Costume Institute at The Met, Met museum, Metmuseum.org, Metropolitan Art Museum, Metropolitan Museum, Metropolitan Museum Of Art, Metropolitan Museum Of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum in New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art Roof Garden, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Arts, Metropolitan Museum of New York, Metropolitan Museum, New York, Metropolitan muesum, Museum of Costume Art, New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, Robert Lehman Collection, Suzanne Brenner, The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Costume Institute, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, The metropolitan museum of art.