88 relations: Airline, American Council of Learned Societies, American Library Association, Ammonia, Aperture card, Atherton Seidell, Azo dye, Bill Blackbeard, British Library, Broadsheet, Camera, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose acetate film, Charge-coupled device, Codex, Collodion process, Contact print, Daguerreotype, Darkroom, Database, Diazo, Digital data, Double Fold, Epoxy, Eugene Power, Film, Four color theorem, Franco-Prussian War, Frederick Scott Archer, Fremont Rider, Fungus, Gelatin, Harvard Library, Heritage Microfilm, Inc., Historical document, Image scanner, Index card, James Glaisher, John Benjamin Dancer, John Herschel, Kodak, Letter sheet, Library, Library of Congress, Magic lantern, Mail, Microdot, Microfilmer, Microphotograph, Microprinting, ..., National City Corp., Nitrocellulose, Page orientation, Panchromatic film, Paper size, Paris, Parts book, Paul Otlet, PDF, Photocopier, Photographic film, Photographic processing, Pigeon post, Polyester, Postal censorship, Preservation (library and archival science), ProQuest, Punched card, Reginald Fessenden, René Dagron, Robert C. Binkley, Robert Goldschmidt, Siege of Paris (1870–71), Silver, Silver halide, Social Science Research Council, Software, Source code, Stanhope (optical bijou), The Great Exhibition, The New York Times, Tours, United States National Agricultural Library, V-mail, Visa Inc., World War II, 16 mm film, 35 mm film. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS), founded in 1919, is a private, nonprofit federation of 75 scholarly organizations in the humanities and related social sciences.
The American Library Association (ALA) is a nonprofit organization based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
An aperture card is a type of punched card with a cut-out window into which a chip of microfilm is mounted.
Atherton Seidell (December 31, 1878 – July 26, 1961), a founder of the American Documentation Institute (predecessor of the American Society for Information Science), was a chemist and who became a strong proponent of the use of microfilm for the management of scientific information.
Azo dyes are organic compounds bearing the functional group R−N.
William Elsworth Blackbeard (April 28, 1926 – March 10, 2011), better known as Bill Blackbeard, was a writer-editor and the founder-director of the San Francisco Academy of Comic Art, a comprehensive collection of comic strips and cartoon art from American newspapers.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages (typically). Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner and tabloid/compact formats.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.
Cellulose acetate film, or safety film, is used in photography as a base material for photographic emulsions.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
A codex (from the Latin caudex for "trunk of a tree" or block of wood, book), plural codices, is a book constructed of a number of sheets of paper, vellum, papyrus, or similar materials.
The collodion process is an early photographic process.
A contact print is a photographic image produced from film; sometimes from a film negative, and sometimes from a film positive.
The Daguerreotype (daguerréotype) process, or daguerreotypy, was the first publicly available photographic process, and for nearly twenty years it was the one most commonly used.
A darkroom is a workshop used by photographers working with photographic film to make prints and carry out other associated tasks.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
Diazo refers to a type of organic compound called diazo compound that has two linked nitrogen atoms (azo) as a terminal functional group.
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper is a non-fiction book by Nicholson Baker that was published in April 2001.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
Eugene B. Power (1905-1993) was a pioneering entrepreneur in the use of microfilm for the reproduction of scholarly publications.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
In mathematics, the four color theorem, or the four color map theorem, states that, given any separation of a plane into contiguous regions, producing a figure called a map, no more than four colors are required to color the regions of the map so that no two adjacent regions have the same color.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Frederick Scott Archer (1813 – 1 May 1857) invented the photographic collodion process which preceded the modern gelatin emulsion.
Arthur Fremont Rider (May 25, 1885 – October 26, 1962) was an American writer, poet, editor, inventor, genealogist, and librarian.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
The Harvard Library system comprises about 76 libraries, with more than 18 million volumes.
Heritage Microfilm, Inc. (est.1997) is a preservation microfilm and microfilm digitization business located in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Historical documents are original documents that contain important historical information about a person, place, or event and can thus serve as primary sources as important ingredients of the historical methodology.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
An index card (or system card in Australian English) consists of card stock (heavy paper) cut to a standard size, used for recording and storing small amounts of discrete data.
James Glaisher FRS (7 April 1809 – 7 February 1903) was an English meteorologist, aeronaut and astronomer.
John Benjamin Dancer (8 October 1812 – 24 November 1887) was a British scientific instrument maker and inventor of microphotography.
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
In philatelic terminology a letter sheet, often written lettersheet, is an item of postal stationery issued by a postal authority.
A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced photographically on transparent plates (usually made of glass), one or more lenses, and a light source.
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.
A microdot is text or an image substantially reduced in size onto a small disc to prevent detection by unintended recipients.
A microfilmer is a machine used by the document management industry to create microfilm.
Microphotographs are photographs shrunk to microscopic scale.
Microprinting is the production of recognizable patterns or characters in a printed medium at a scale that requires magnification to read with the naked eye.
National City Corporation was a regional bank holding company based in Cleveland, Ohio, USA, founded in 1845; it was once one of the ten largest banks in America in terms of deposits, mortgages and home equity lines of credit.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing.
Panchromatic emulsion is a type of black-and-white photographic emulsion that is sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light.
Many paper size standards conventions have existed at different times and in different countries.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A parts book or parts catalogue or Illustrated part catalogue is a book published by manufacturers which contains the illustrations, part numbers and other relevant data for their products or parts thereof.
Paul Marie Ghislain Otlet (23 August 1868 – 10 December 1944) was a Belgian author, entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer and peace activist; he is one of several people who have been considered the father of information science, a field he called "documentation".
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine) is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.
Photographic processing or development is the chemical means by which photographic film or paper is treated after photographic exposure to produce a negative or positive image.
Pigeon post is the use of homing pigeons to carry messages.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Postal censorship is the inspection or examination of mail, most often by governments.
Preservation refers to the set of activities that aims to prolong the life of a record with as little changes to the original record as possible.
ProQuest LLC is an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based global information-content and technology company, founded in 1938 as University Microfilms by Eugene B. Power.
A punched card or punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions.
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden (October 6, 1866 – July 22, 1932) was a Canadian-born inventor, who did a majority of his work in the United States and also claimed U.S. citizenship through his American-born father.
René Prudent Patrice Dagron (17 March 1817 – 13 June 1900) was a French photographer and inventor.
Robert Cedric Binkley (1897-1940) was an American historian.
Robert B. Goldschmidt (1877–1935) was a Belgian chemist, physicist, and engineer who first proposed the idea of standardized microfiche (microfilm).
The Siege of Paris, lasting from 19 September 1870 to 28 January 1871, and the consequent capture of the city by Prussian forces, led to French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the establishment of the German Empire as well as the Paris Commune.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens.
The Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is a U.S.-based independent nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing research in the social sciences and related disciplines.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Stanhopes or Stanho-scopes are optical devices that enable the viewing of microphotographs without using a microscope.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, sometimes referred to as the Crystal Palace Exhibition in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held, was an international exhibition that took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Tours is a city located in the centre-west of France.
The United States National Agricultural Library (NAL) is one of the world's largest agricultural research libraries, and serves as a national library of the United States and as the library of the United States Department of Agriculture.
V-mail, short for Victory Mail, was a hybrid mail process used by the United States during the Second World War as the primary and secure method to correspond with soldiers stationed abroad.
Visa Inc. (also known as Visa, stylized as VISA) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in Foster City, California, United States.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film.
35 mm film (millimeter) is the film gauge most commonly used for motion pictures and chemical still photography (see 135 film).