Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Minoan civilization

Index Minoan civilization

The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands which flourished from about 2600 to 1600 BC, before a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100. [1]

249 relations: Administration (government), Adolf Furtwängler, Adze, Aegean civilizations, Aegean Islands, Aegina, Africa, Akrotiri (Santorini), Amenhotep III, Anatolia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Anemospilia, Aqueduct (water supply), Archaeological record, Archaeology, Archaic Greek alphabets, Archive, Arkalochori, Arkalochori Axe, Arsenical bronze, Arthur Evans, Ashlar, Asia, Asparagus, Atlantis, Attested language, Axe, Barley, Barnes & Noble, Beekeeping, Black pepper, Bodice, Bronze, Bronze Age, Bronze Age Europe, Bull-leaping, Burial, Canaan, Capital (architecture), Carrot, Carrying capacity, Cattle, Caucasus, Celery, Chania, Chickpea, Chisel, Chronology, ..., City-state, Clay, Column, Common fig, Cremation, Cretan hieroglyphs, Crete, Crocus, Cross, Cult (religious practice), Cyclades, Cycladic culture, Cyprus, Date palm, Deforestation, DNA, Donkey, Egypt, Egyptian chronology, Entrepôt, Eteocretan language, Euglyphis, Europe, Faience, Fertility rite, Ficus, Fish bone, Flagstone, Fournou Korifi, Frankincense, Fresco, Galatas Palace, Geography of Greece, Goat, Gold, Gortyn, Gournia, Government, Granulation (jewellery), Greece, Greek Dark Ages, Greek language, Greek mythology, Gypsum, H. E. L. Mellersh, Hafting, Hagia Triada, Haplogroup, Harbor, Harvard University Press, Helladic chronology, Heraklion, Hesperia (journal), Hieroglyph, Hilt, History of Greek, Hittites, Hoe (tool), Homer, Hominini, Horns of Consecration, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Hyksos, Ialysos, Iberian Peninsula, Iron Age, Israel, Karfi, Karl Hoeck, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastri, Cythera, Kessinger Publishing, Kilt, Knossos, Kythira, Labrys, Labyrinth, Lemon, Lettuce, Levant, Lightwell, Linear A, Linear B, Loincloth, Lucy Goodison, Malia, Crete, Material culture, Matriarchal religion, Matriarchy, Maya civilization, Mediterranean cuisine, Mesopotamia, Messara Plain, Michael Ventris, Minoa, Minoan chronology, Minoan eruption, Minoan language, Minoan pottery, Minoan religion, Minoan sealstone, Minos, Minotaur, Mitochondrial DNA, Mother goddess, Mount Ida (Crete), Mount Juktas, Mudbrick, Mycenae, Mycenaean Greece, Mycenaean Greek, Myrtos Pyrgos, Nature (journal), Neolithic, Nicoletta Momigliano, Nikolaos Platon, Old Kingdom of Egypt, Olive, Olive oil, Orange (fruit), Osprey Publishing, Ox, Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Palace, Papyrus, Patronage, Peak sanctuaries, Pear, Petsofas, Phaistos, Pharaoh, Philistines, Pig farming, Plaster, Plough, Polyculture, Pomegranate, Poppy, Poppy seed, Potnia Theron, Pottery, Precious metal, Pseira, Pumice, Quince, Radiocarbon dating, Rapier, Rhodes, Rhyton, Robe, Rubble, Sacred bull, Sacred caves of Crete, Saffron, Sanitary sewer, Santorini, Saria Island, Serpent (symbolism), Shaft tomb, Shang dynasty, Sheep farming, Shrine, Sickle, Silver, Sinclair Hood, Spiral, Spyridon Marinatos, Stairs, Stigma (botany), Stirrup jar, Stone carving, Stylianos Alexiou, Symmetry, Syria, Tectonics, Tel Kabri, Thebes, Egypt, Toponymy, Trade, Tree, Triangle, Tsunami, Underworld, University of Chicago Press, University of Washington, Vasiliki, Lasithi, Vicia, Viticulture, Volcanic ash, Volcanic Explosivity Index, Wall, Wheat, Wild boar, Will Durant, Yannis Hamilakis, Zakros, Zominthos. Expand index (199 more) »

Administration (government)

The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Administration (government) · See more »

Adolf Furtwängler

Adolf Furtwängler (30 June 1853 – 10 October 1907) was a German archaeologist, teacher, art historian and museum director.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Adolf Furtwängler · See more »


The adze (alternative spelling: adz) is a cutting tool shaped somewhat like an axe that dates back to the stone age.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Adze · See more »

Aegean civilizations

Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Aegean civilizations · See more »

Aegean Islands

The Aegean Islands (Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou; Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes, Karpathos and Kasos to the southeast.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Aegean Islands · See more »


Aegina (Αίγινα, Aígina, Αἴγῑνα) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf, from Athens.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Aegina · See more »


Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Africa · See more »

Akrotiri (Santorini)

Akrotiri (Greek: Ακρωτήρι, pronounced) is a Minoan Bronze Age settlement on the volcanic Greek island of Santorini (Thera).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Akrotiri (Santorini) · See more »

Amenhotep III

Amenhotep III (Hellenized as Amenophis III; Egyptian Amāna-Ḥātpa; meaning Amun is Satisfied), also known as Amenhotep the Magnificent, was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Amenhotep III · See more »


Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Anatolia · See more »

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ancient Egypt · See more »

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ancient Greece · See more »

Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ancient Greek · See more »


Anemospilia(τα Ανεμόσπηλια)is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan temple on Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Anemospilia · See more »

Aqueduct (water supply)

An aqueduct is a watercourse constructed to convey water.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Aqueduct (water supply) · See more »

Archaeological record

The archaeological record is the body of physical (not written) evidence about the past.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Archaeological record · See more »


Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Archaeology · See more »

Archaic Greek alphabets

Many local variants of the Greek alphabet were employed in ancient Greece during the archaic and early classical periods, until they were replaced by the classical 24-letter alphabet that is the standard today, around 400 BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Archaic Greek alphabets · See more »


An archive is an accumulation of historical records or the physical place they are located.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Archive · See more »


Arkalochori (Αρκαλοχώρι) is a town and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Arkalochori · See more »

Arkalochori Axe

The Arkalochori Axe is a 2nd millennium BC Minoan bronze votive double axe excavated by Spyridon Marinatos in 1934 in the Arkalochori cave on Crete, which is believed to have been used for religious rituals.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Arkalochori Axe · See more »

Arsenical bronze

Arsenical bronze is an alloy in which arsenic, as opposed to or in addition to tin or other constituent metals, is added to copper to make bronze.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Arsenical bronze · See more »

Arthur Evans

Sir Arthur John Evans (8 July 1851 – 11 July 1941) was an English archaeologist and pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Arthur Evans · See more »


Ashlar is finely dressed (cut, worked) stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ashlar · See more »


Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Asia · See more »


Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Asparagus · See more »


Atlantis (Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, "island of Atlas") is a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges "Ancient Athens", the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato's ideal state in The Republic.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Atlantis · See more »

Attested language

In linguistics, attested languages are languages (living or dead) that have been documented and for which the evidence has survived to the present day.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Attested language · See more »


An axe (British English or ax (American English; see spelling differences) is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood; to harvest timber; as a weapon; and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialised uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve. Before the modern axe, the stone-age hand axe was used from 1.5 million years BP without a handle. It was later fastened to a wooden handle. The earliest examples of handled axes have heads of stone with some form of wooden handle attached (hafted) in a method to suit the available materials and use. Axes made of copper, bronze, iron and steel appeared as these technologies developed. Axes are usually composed of a head and a handle. The axe is an example of a simple machine, as it is a type of wedge, or dual inclined plane. This reduces the effort needed by the wood chopper. It splits the wood into two parts by the pressure concentration at the blade. The handle of the axe also acts as a lever allowing the user to increase the force at the cutting edge—not using the full length of the handle is known as choking the axe. For fine chopping using a side axe this sometimes is a positive effect, but for felling with a double bitted axe it reduces efficiency. Generally, cutting axes have a shallow wedge angle, whereas splitting axes have a deeper angle. Most axes are double bevelled, i.e. symmetrical about the axis of the blade, but some specialist broadaxes have a single bevel blade, and usually an offset handle that allows them to be used for finishing work without putting the user's knuckles at risk of injury. Less common today, they were once an integral part of a joiner and carpenter's tool kit, not just a tool for use in forestry. A tool of similar origin is the billhook. However, in France and Holland, the billhook often replaced the axe as a joiner's bench tool. Most modern axes have steel heads and wooden handles, typically hickory in the US and ash in Europe and Asia, although plastic or fibreglass handles are also common. Modern axes are specialised by use, size and form. Hafted axes with short handles designed for use with one hand are often called hand axes but the term hand axe refers to axes without handles as well. Hatchets tend to be small hafted axes often with a hammer on the back side (the poll). As easy-to-make weapons, axes have frequently been used in combat.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Axe · See more »


Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Barley · See more »

Barnes & Noble

Barnes & Noble, Inc., a Fortune 500 company, is the bookseller with the largest number of retail outlets in the United States, and a retailer of content, digital media, and educational products.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Barnes & Noble · See more »


Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Beekeeping · See more »

Black pepper

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Black pepper · See more »


A bodice is an article of clothing for women and girls, covering the body from the neck to the waist.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Bodice · See more »


Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Bronze · See more »

Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Bronze Age · See more »

Bronze Age Europe

The European Bronze Age is characterized by bronze artifacts and the use of bronze implements.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Bronze Age Europe · See more »


Bull-leaping (also taurokathapsia, from Greek ταυροκαθάψια) is a motif of Middle Bronze Age figurative art, notably of Minoan Crete, but also found in Hittite Anatolia, the Levant, Bactria and the Indus Valley.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Bull-leaping · See more »


Burial or interment is the ritual act of placing a dead person or animal, sometimes with objects, into the ground.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Burial · See more »


Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kenā‘an; Hebrew) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Canaan · See more »

Capital (architecture)

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Capital (architecture) · See more »


The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Carrot · See more »

Carrying capacity

The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Carrying capacity · See more »


Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cattle · See more »


The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Caucasus · See more »


Celery (Apium graveolens) is a marshland plant in the family Apiaceae that has been cultivated as a vegetable since antiquity.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Celery · See more »


Chania (Χανιά,, Venetian: Canea, Ottoman Turkish: Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania regional unit.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Chania · See more »


The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Chickpea · See more »


A chisel is a tool with a characteristically shaped cutting edge (such that wood chisels have lent part of their name to a particular grind) of blade on its end, for carving or cutting a hard material such as wood, stone, or metal by hand, struck with a mallet, or mechanical power.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Chisel · See more »


Chronology (from Latin chronologia, from Ancient Greek χρόνος, chrónos, "time"; and -λογία, -logia) is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Chronology · See more »


A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.

New!!: Minoan civilization and City-state · See more »


Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Clay · See more »


A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Column · See more »

Common fig

Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Common fig · See more »


Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cremation · See more »

Cretan hieroglyphs

Cretan hieroglyphs are generally considered undeciphered hieroglyphs found on artefacts of early Bronze Age Crete, during the Minoan era.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cretan hieroglyphs · See more »


Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Crete · See more »


Crocus (English plural: crocuses or croci) is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Crocus · See more »


A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cross · See more »

Cult (religious practice)

Cult is literally the "care" (Latin cultus) owed to deities and to temples, shrines, or churches.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cult (religious practice) · See more »


The Cyclades (Κυκλάδες) are an island group in the Aegean Sea, southeast of mainland Greece and a former administrative prefecture of Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cyclades · See more »

Cycladic culture

Cycladic culture (also known as Cycladic civilisation or, chronologically, as Cycladic chronology) was a Bronze Age culture (c.3200–c.1050) found throughout the islands of the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cycladic culture · See more »


Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Cyprus · See more »

Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Date palm · See more »


Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Deforestation · See more »


Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Minoan civilization and DNA · See more »


The donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Donkey · See more »


Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Egypt · See more »

Egyptian chronology

The majority of Egyptologists agree on the outline and many details of the chronology of Ancient Egypt.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Egyptian chronology · See more »


An entrepôt or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Entrepôt · See more »

Eteocretan language

Eteocretan (from Eteókrētes, lit. "true Cretans", itself composed from ἐτεός eteós "true" and Κρής Krḗs "Cretan") is the non-Greek language of a few alphabetic inscriptions of ancient Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Eteocretan language · See more »


Euglyphis is a genus of Moth in the family Lasiocampidae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Euglyphis · See more »


Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Europe · See more »


Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale buff earthenware body.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Faience · See more »

Fertility rite

Fertility rites are religious rituals that reenact, either actually or symbolically, sexual acts and/or reproductive processes: 'sexual intoxication is a typical component of the...rites of the various functional gods who control reproduction, whether of man, beast, cattle, or grains of seed'.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Fertility rite · See more »


Ficus is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ficus · See more »

Fish bone

Fish bone is any bone of a fish.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Fish bone · See more »


Flagstone (flag) is a generic flat stone, usually used for paving slabs or walkways, patios, fences and roofing.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Flagstone · See more »

Fournou Korifi

Fournou Korifi is the archaeological site of a Minoan settlement on southern Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Fournou Korifi · See more »


Frankincense (also known as olibanum, לבונה, Arabic) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn: B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii33, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Frankincense · See more »


Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Fresco · See more »

Galatas Palace

The Galatas Palace is a Minoan site on Crete found in the early 1990s.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Galatas Palace · See more »

Geography of Greece

Greece is a country in Southern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria; to the east by the Aegean Sea and Turkey, to the south by the Libyan Sea and to the west by the Ionian Sea, which separates Greece from Italy.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Geography of Greece · See more »


The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Goat · See more »


Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Gold · See more »


Gortyn, Gortys or Gortyna (Γόρτυν, Γόρτυς, or Γόρτυνα) is a municipality and an archaeological site on the Mediterranean island of Crete, 45 km away from the modern capital Heraklion.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Gortyn · See more »


Gournia (Γουρνιά) is the site of a Minoan palace complex on the island of Crete, Greece, excavated in the early 20th century by the American archaeologist, Harriet Boyd-Hawes.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Gournia · See more »


A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Government · See more »

Granulation (jewellery)

Granulation is a jewellery manufacturing technique whereby a surface is covered in spherules or granules of precious metal.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Granulation (jewellery) · See more »


No description.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Greece · See more »

Greek Dark Ages

The Greek Dark Age, also called Greek Dark Ages, Homeric Age (named for the fabled poet, Homer) or Geometric period (so called after the characteristic Geometric art of the time), is the period of Greek history from the end of the Mycenaean palatial civilization around 1100 BC to the first signs of the Greek poleis, city states, in the 9th century BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Greek Dark Ages · See more »

Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Greek language · See more »

Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Greek mythology · See more »


Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Gypsum · See more »

H. E. L. Mellersh

Harold Edward Leslie Mellersh (1897–1980) was a British author, primarily of text books.

New!!: Minoan civilization and H. E. L. Mellersh · See more »


Hafting is a process by which an artifact, often bone, metal, or stone, is attached to a haft (handle or strap).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hafting · See more »

Hagia Triada

Hagia Triada (also Ayia Triada, Agia Triada, Agia Trias, — Holy Trinity) is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan settlement.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hagia Triada · See more »


A haplotype is a group of genes in an organism that are inherited together from a single parent, and a haplogroup (haploid from the ἁπλούς, haploûs, "onefold, simple" and group) is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor with a single-nucleotide polymorphism mutation.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Haplogroup · See more »


A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Harbor · See more »

Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Harvard University Press · See more »

Helladic chronology

Helladic chronology is a relative dating system used in archaeology and art history.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Helladic chronology · See more »


Heraklion (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Heraklion · See more »

Hesperia (journal)

Hesperia is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hesperia (journal) · See more »


A hieroglyph (Greek for "sacred writing") was a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hieroglyph · See more »


The hilt (rarely called the haft) of a sword is its handle, consisting of a guard, grip and pommel.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hilt · See more »

History of Greek

This article is an overview of the history of the Greek language.

New!!: Minoan civilization and History of Greek · See more »


The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hittites · See more »

Hoe (tool)

A hoe is an ancient and versatile agricultural and horticultural hand tool used to shape soil, remove weeds, clear soil, and harvest root crops.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hoe (tool) · See more »


Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Homer · See more »


The Hominini, or hominins, form a taxonomic tribe of the subfamily Homininae ("hominines").

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hominini · See more »

Horns of Consecration

"Horns of Consecration" is an expression coined by Sir Arthur Evans to describe the symbol, ubiquitous in Minoan civilization, that represents the horns of the sacred bull: Sir Arthur Evans concluded, after noting numerous examples in Minoan and Mycenaean contexts, that the Horns of Consecration were "a more or less conventionalised article of ritual furniture derived from the actual horns of the sacrificial oxen" The much-photographed porous limestone horns of consecration on the East Propyleia at Knossos (illustration, right) are restorations, but horns of consecration in stone or clay were placed on the roofs of buildings in Neopalatial Crete, or on tombs or shrines, probably as signs of sanctity of the structure.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Horns of Consecration · See more »

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt · See more »


The Hyksos (or; Egyptian heqa khasut, "ruler(s) of the foreign countries"; Ὑκσώς, Ὑξώς) were a people of mixed origins, possibly from Western Asia, who settled in the eastern Nile Delta some time before 1650 BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Hyksos · See more »


Ialysos (Greek: Ιαλυσός, before 1976: Τριάντα Trianta) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes, in the Dodecanese, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ialysos · See more »

Iberian Peninsula

The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Iberian Peninsula · See more »

Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Iron Age · See more »


Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Israel · See more »


Karfi (also Karphi, Καρφί) is an archaeological site high up in the Dikti Mountains in eastern Crete, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Karfi · See more »

Karl Hoeck

Karl Friedrich Christian Hoeck (born May 13, 1794 at Oelber am weißen Wege; died January 13, 1877 in Göttingen) was a German classical historian and philologist as well as a librarian.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Karl Hoeck · See more »


Karpathos (Κάρπαθος) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Karpathos · See more »


Kασος (also Kassos, Kασος) is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Kasos · See more »

Kastri, Cythera

Kastri is a village in the island of Cythera, Islands regional unit, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Kastri, Cythera · See more »

Kessinger Publishing

Kessinger Publishing LLC is an American print on demand publishing company located in Whitefish, Montana that specializes in rare, out of print books.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Kessinger Publishing · See more »


A kilt (fèileadh) is a knee-length non-bifurcated skirt-type garment, with pleats at the back, originating in the traditional dress of Gaelic men and boys in the Scottish Highlands.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Kilt · See more »


Knossos (also Cnossos, both pronounced; Κνωσός, Knōsós) is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe's oldest city.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Knossos · See more »


Kythira (Κύθηρα, also transliterated as Cythera, Kythera and Kithira) is an island in Greece lying opposite the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Kythira · See more »


Labrys (Greek: λάβρυς, lábrus) is, according to Plutarch (Quaestiones Graecae 2.302a) the Lydian word for the double-bitted axe called in Greek a πέλεκυς (pélekus).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Labrys · See more »


In Greek mythology, the Labyrinth (Greek: Λαβύρινθος labyrinthos) was an elaborate, confusing structure designed and built by the legendary artificer Daedalus for King Minos of Crete at Knossos.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Labyrinth · See more »


The lemon, Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck, is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Lemon · See more »


Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Lettuce · See more »


The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the Eastern Mediterranean.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Levant · See more »


In architecture a lightwell, light well or air shaft is an unroofed external space provided within the volume of a large building to allow light and air to reach what would otherwise be a dark or unventilated area.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Lightwell · See more »

Linear A

Linear A is one of two currently undeciphered writing systems used in ancient Greece (Cretan hieroglyphic is the other).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Linear A · See more »

Linear B

Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Linear B · See more »


A loincloth is a one-piece male garment, sometimes kept in place by knots, safety pins, velcro straps, buttons, snaps, buckles, zippers or hook-and-eye closures and worn as outer clothing or in the external environment.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Loincloth · See more »

Lucy Goodison

Lucy Goodison is an archeologist and author from Dorset in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Lucy Goodison · See more »

Malia, Crete

Malia or Mallia (Μάλια) is a coastal town and a former municipality in the northeast corner of the Heraklion regional unit in Crete, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Malia, Crete · See more »

Material culture

Material culture is the physical aspect of culture in the objects and architecture that surround people.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Material culture · See more »

Matriarchal religion

A matriarchal religion is a religion that focuses on a goddess or goddesses.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Matriarchal religion · See more »


Matriarchy is a social system in which females (most notably in mammals) hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of males - at least to a large degree.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Matriarchy · See more »

Maya civilization

The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Maya civilization · See more »

Mediterranean cuisine

Mediterranean cuisine is the foods and methods of preparation by people of the Mediterranean Basin region.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mediterranean cuisine · See more »


Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mesopotamia · See more »

Messara Plain

The Messara Plain or simply Messara (Μεσσαρά) is an illuvial plain in southern Crete, stretching about 50 km west-to-east and 7 km north-to-south, making it the largest plain in Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Messara Plain · See more »

Michael Ventris

Michael George Francis Ventris, OBE (12 July 1922 – 6 September 1956) was an English architect, classicist and philologist who deciphered Linear B, the ancient Mycenaean Greek script.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Michael Ventris · See more »


Minoa is the name of several Bronze-Age cities on the coasts of the Aegean islands and Corfu in Greece, as well as Sicily.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoa · See more »

Minoan chronology

Sir Arthur Evans developed a relative dating scheme of Minoan chronology based on the excavations initiated and managed by him at the site of the ancient city of Knossos.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan chronology · See more »

Minoan eruption

The Minoan eruption of Thera, also referred to as the Thera eruption, Santorini eruption, or Late Bronze Age eruption, was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or 7 and a dense-rock equivalent (DRE) of, Dated to the mid-second millennium BCE, the eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan eruption · See more »

Minoan language

The Minoan language is the language (or languages) of the ancient Minoan civilization of Crete written in the Cretan hieroglyphs and later in the Linear A syllabary.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan language · See more »

Minoan pottery

Minoan pottery has been used as a tool for dating the mute Minoan civilization.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan pottery · See more »

Minoan religion

Minoan religion was the religion of the Bronze Age Minoan civilization of Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan religion · See more »

Minoan sealstone

Minoan seal-stones are gemstones, or near-gem-quality stones produced in the Minoan civilization.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minoan sealstone · See more »


In Greek mythology, Minos (Μίνως, Minōs) was the first King of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minos · See more »


In Greek mythology, the Minotaur (Μῑνώταυρος, Minotaurus, Etruscan: Θevrumineś) is a mythical creature portrayed in Classical times with the head of a bull and the body of a man or, as described by Roman poet Ovid, a being "part man and part bull".

New!!: Minoan civilization and Minotaur · See more »

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mitochondrial DNA · See more »

Mother goddess

A mother goddess is a goddess who represents, or is a personification of nature, motherhood, fertility, creation, destruction or who embodies the bounty of the Earth.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mother goddess · See more »

Mount Ida (Crete)

Mount Ida, known variously as Idha, Ídhi, Idi, Ita and now Psiloritis (Ψηλορείτης, "high mountain"), at 2,456 m (8,057 feet), is the highest mountain on Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mount Ida (Crete) · See more »

Mount Juktas

A mountain in north-central Crete, Mount Juktas (Γιούχτας - Giouchtas), also spelled Iuktas, Iouktas, or Ioukhtas, was an important religious site for the Minoan civilization.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mount Juktas · See more »


A mudbrick or mud-brick is a brick, made of a mixture of loam, mud, sand and water mixed with a binding material such as rice husks or straw.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mudbrick · See more »


Mycenae (Greek: Μυκῆναι Mykēnai or Μυκήνη Mykēnē) is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mycenae · See more »

Mycenaean Greece

Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mycenaean Greece · See more »

Mycenaean Greek

Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Mycenaean Greek · See more »

Myrtos Pyrgos

Pyrgos (also Myrtos-Pyrgos) is an archaeological site of the Minoan civilization near Myrtos in the municipality of Ierapetra on the south coast of Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Myrtos Pyrgos · See more »

Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Nature (journal) · See more »


The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Neolithic · See more »

Nicoletta Momigliano

Nicoletta Momigliano, FSA, is an archaeologist specialising in Minoan Crete and its modern reception.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Nicoletta Momigliano · See more »

Nikolaos Platon

Nikolaos Platon (Greek Νικόλαος Πλάτων, Anglicised Nicolas Platon; –) was a renowned Greek archaeologist.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Nikolaos Platon · See more »

Old Kingdom of Egypt

The Old Kingdom, in ancient Egyptian history, is the period in the third millennium (c. 2686–2181 BC) also known as the 'Age of the Pyramids' or 'Age of the Pyramid Builders' as it includes the great 4th Dynasty when King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building and the pyramids of Giza were constructed under the kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Old Kingdom of Egypt · See more »


The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Olive · See more »

Olive oil

Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Olive oil · See more »

Orange (fruit)

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Orange (fruit) · See more »

Osprey Publishing

Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Osprey Publishing · See more »


An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Ox · See more »

Oxford Classical Dictionary

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (OCD) is generally considered "the best one-volume dictionary on antiquity," an encyclopedic work in English consisting of articles relating to classical antiquity and its civilizations.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Oxford Classical Dictionary · See more »

Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Oxford University Press · See more »


A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Palace · See more »


Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Papyrus · See more »


Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Patronage · See more »

Peak sanctuaries

Minoan peak sanctuaries are widespread throughout the island of Crete (Greece).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Peak sanctuaries · See more »


The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pear · See more »


Petsofas is the archaeological site of a Minoan peak sanctuary in eastern Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Petsofas · See more »


Phaistos (Φαιστός,; Ancient Greek: Φαιστός), also transliterated as Phaestos, Festos and Latin Phaestus, currently refers to a Bronze Age archaeological site at modern Phaistos, a municipality in south central Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Phaistos · See more »


Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pharaoh · See more »


The Philistines were an ancient people known for their conflict with the Israelites described in the Bible.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Philistines · See more »

Pig farming

Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs as livestock, and is a branch of animal husbandry.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pig farming · See more »


Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Plaster · See more »


A plough (UK) or plow (US; both) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Plough · See more »


Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, providing crop diversity in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems, and avoiding large stands of single crops, or monoculture.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Polyculture · See more »


The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between tall.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pomegranate · See more »


A poppy is a flowering plant in the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Poppy · See more »

Poppy seed

Poppy seed is an oilseed obtained from the poppy (Papaver somniferum).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Poppy seed · See more »

Potnia Theron

Potnia Theron (Ἡ Πότνια Θηρῶν, "The Mistress of the Animals") is a term first used (once) by Homer (Iliad 21. 470) and often used to describe female divinities associated with animals.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Potnia Theron · See more »


Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pottery · See more »

Precious metal

A precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metallic chemical element of high economic value.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Precious metal · See more »


Pseira (Greek Ψείρα) is an islet in the Gulf of Mirabello in northeastern Crete with the archaeological remains of Minoan and Mycenean civilisation.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pseira · See more »


Pumice, called pumicite in its powdered or dust form, is a volcanic rock that consists of highly vesicular rough textured volcanic glass, which may or may not contain crystals.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Pumice · See more »


The quince (Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydonia in the family Rosaceae (which also contains apples and pears, among other fruits).

New!!: Minoan civilization and Quince · See more »

Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Radiocarbon dating · See more »


Rapier or espada ropera, is a loose term for a type of slender, sharply pointed sword.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Rapier · See more »


Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Rhodes · See more »


A rhyton (plural rhytons or, following the Greek plural, rhyta) is a roughly conical container from which fluids were intended to be drunk or to be poured in some ceremony such as libation, or merely at table.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Rhyton · See more »


A robe is a loose-fitting outer garment.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Robe · See more »


Rubble is broken stone, of irregular size, shape and texture; undressed especially as a filling-in.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Rubble · See more »

Sacred bull

Numerous peoples throughout the world have at one point in time honored bulls as sacred.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sacred bull · See more »

Sacred caves of Crete

Sacred caves and peak sanctuaries are characteristic holy places of ancient Minoan Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sacred caves of Crete · See more »


Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".

New!!: Minoan civilization and Saffron · See more »

Sanitary sewer

A sanitary sewer or "foul sewer" is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment facilities or disposal.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sanitary sewer · See more »


Santorini (Σαντορίνη), classically Thera (English pronunciation), and officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Greece's mainland.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Santorini · See more »

Saria Island

Saria Island (Σαρία) is an island in Greece.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Saria Island · See more »

Serpent (symbolism)

The serpent, or snake, is one of the oldest and most widespread mythological symbols.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Serpent (symbolism) · See more »

Shaft tomb

A shaft tomb or shaft grave is a type of deep rectangular burial structure, similar in shape to the much shallower cist grave, containing a floor of pebbles, walls of rubble masonry, and a roof constructed of wooden planks.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Shaft tomb · See more »

Shang dynasty

The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Shang dynasty · See more »

Sheep farming

Sheep farming is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sheep farming · See more »


A shrine (scrinium "case or chest for books or papers"; Old French: escrin "box or case") is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon, or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Shrine · See more »


A sickle, or bagging hook, is a hand-held agricultural tool designed with variously curved blades and typically used for harvesting, or reaping, grain crops or cutting succulent forage chiefly for feeding livestock, either freshly cut or dried as hay.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sickle · See more »


Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Silver · See more »

Sinclair Hood

Martin Sinclair Frankland Hood (born 31 January 1917), generally known as Sinclair Hood, is an archaeologist and academic.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Sinclair Hood · See more »


In mathematics, a spiral is a curve which emanates from a point, moving farther away as it revolves around the point.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Spiral · See more »

Spyridon Marinatos

Spyridon Nikolaou Marinatos (Σπυρίδων Νικολάου Μαρινάτος; November 4, 1901 – October 1, 1974) was a Greek archaeologist.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Spyridon Marinatos · See more »


A stairway, staircase, stairwell, flight of stairs, or simply stairs is a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Stairs · See more »

Stigma (botany)

The stigma (plural: stigmata) is the receptive tip of a carpel, or of several fused carpels, in the gynoecium of a flower.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Stigma (botany) · See more »

Stirrup jar

A stirrup jar is a style of pottery vessel which originated during the Bronze Age.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Stirrup jar · See more »

Stone carving

Stone carving is an activity where pieces of rough natural stone are shaped by the controlled removal of stone.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Stone carving · See more »

Stylianos Alexiou

Stylianos Alexiou (Στυλιανός Αλεξίου, 13 February 1921 – 12 November 2013) was an archaeologist, philologist and university professor.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Stylianos Alexiou · See more »


Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Symmetry · See more »


Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Syria · See more »


Tectonics is the process that controls the structure and properties of the Earth's crust and its evolution through time.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Tectonics · See more »

Tel Kabri

Tel Kabri (תֵל כַבְרִי; تَلْ ألْقَهوَة, Tell al-Qahweh, "the mound of coffee") is an archaeological site of a tell (hill city), containing one of the largest Middle Bronze (MB) Age (2,100–1,550 BC) Canaanite palaces in ancient Israel, and the largest such palace excavated as of 2014.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Tel Kabri · See more »

Thebes, Egypt

Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Thebes, Egypt · See more »


Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Toponymy · See more »


Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Trade · See more »


In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Tree · See more »


A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Triangle · See more »


A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Tsunami · See more »


The underworld is the world of the dead in various religious traditions, located below the world of the living.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Underworld · See more »

University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

New!!: Minoan civilization and University of Chicago Press · See more »

University of Washington

The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.

New!!: Minoan civilization and University of Washington · See more »

Vasiliki, Lasithi

Vasiliki is the name of a village in the municipality of Ierapetra, in the prefecture of Lasithi, on Crete, and the name of the nearby Minoan archeological site.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Vasiliki, Lasithi · See more »


Vicia is a genus of about 140 species of flowering plants that are part of the legume family (Fabaceae), and which are commonly known as vetches.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Vicia · See more »


Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Viticulture · See more »

Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Volcanic ash · See more »

Volcanic Explosivity Index

The Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) is a relative measure of the explosiveness of volcanic eruptions.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Volcanic Explosivity Index · See more »


A wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load, or provides shelter or security.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Wall · See more »


Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Wheat · See more »

Wild boar

The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Wild boar · See more »

Will Durant

William James "Will" Durant (November 5, 1885 – November 7, 1981) was an American writer, historian, and philosopher.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Will Durant · See more »

Yannis Hamilakis

Yannis Hamilakis (Γιάννης Χαμηλάκης,; born 1966) is a Greek archaeologist and writer who is the Joukowsky Family Professor of Archaeology and Professor of Modern Greek Studies at Brown University.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Yannis Hamilakis · See more »


Zakros (Ζάκρος) is a site on the eastern coast of the island of Crete, Greece, containing ruins from the Minoan civilization.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Zakros · See more »


Zominthos (Ζώμινθος, alternative spellings Ζόμινθος or Ζόμιθος) is a small plateau in the northern foothills of Mount Ida (Psiloritis), οn the island of Crete.

New!!: Minoan civilization and Zominthos · See more »

Redirects here:

Ancient Minoa, Ancient Minoan, Ancient Minoans, Cretan Culture, Cretan civilization, Cretan culture, Early Minoan, Early Minoan I, Early Minoan III, Late Minoan, Middle Minoan, Minoan, Minoan Civilisation, Minoan Civilization, Minoan Crete, Minoan Culture, Minoan architecture, Minoan civilisation, Minoan culture, Minoan empire, Minoan palaces, Minoan people, Minoans, Pax Minoica, The Minoan civilization.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_civilization

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »