104 relations: Abaya, ABC News, Abdul Hamid II, Ahmad Zarruq, Al Jazeera English, Alittihad Misurata SC, Anti-Gaddafi forces, Apostolic Prefecture of Misurata, Arabs, Asswehly SC, Attasaddy Misurata Sports Club, Battle of Bani Walid, Battle of Misrata, Battle of Sirte (2011), Battle of Tripoli (2011), BBC, BBC News, Bedouin, Benghazi, Caliphate, Cash crop, Central Bank of Libya, Conscription, Cyrenaica, Date palm, David Mattingly (author), Derna, Libya, Deutscher Wetterdienst, Districts of Libya, Eastern European Time, Fellah, Fezzan, German Army (German Empire), Gharyan, Giuseppe Volpi, Gold, Idris of Libya, Independent politician, Infrastructure, Iron, Istanbul, Italian Army, Italian Empire, Italian Libya, Italo Balbo, Italo-Turkish War, Köppen climate classification, Kingdom of Italy, Libya, Libyan Civil War (2011), ..., Libyan Coastal Highway, Libyan Iron and Steel Company, Libyan local elections, 2012, List of cities in Libya, Local government, Marina, Market economy, Mediterranean Sea, Military of the Ottoman Empire, Misrata Airport, Misrata District, Misurata University, Mohamed Eshtewi, Morocco, Muammar Gaddafi, NATO, Nuri Killigil, Oasis, Ottoman architecture, Ottoman Empire, Ptolemy III Euergetes, Qasr Abu Hadi, Qasr Ahmad, Ramadan Asswehly, Roman Empire, Rome, Sahara, Scramble for Africa, Semi-arid climate, Sharia, Sirte, Sirte University, Souq, Steel, Strabo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsistence agriculture, Tarhuna, The Guardian, Thubactis, Times of Malta, Trans-Saharan trade, Transport in Libya, Tripoli, Tripolitania, Turkey, University of Tripoli, Warfalla, World War I, World War II, Young Turks, Zenata, Zuwarah, 4th Shore. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
The abaya "cloak" (colloquially and more commonly, عباية, especially in Literary Arabic: عباءة; plural عبايات, عباءات), sometimes also called an aba, is a simple, loose over-garment, essentially a robe-like dress, worn by some women in parts of the Muslim world including in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
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ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
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Abdul Hamid II
Abdul Hamid II (عبد الحميد ثانی, `Abdü’l-Ḥamīd-i sânî; İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 184210 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state.
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Ahmad Zarruq also known as Imam az-Zarruq (Ahmad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa) (1442–1493 CE) was a Sunni, Ashari Muslim scholar and Sufi sheikh from Fes, Morocco.
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Al Jazeera English
Al Jazeera English (AJE) is an international state-funded 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar.
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Alittihad Misurata SC
Alittihad (الإتحاد) is a Libyan football club based in Misurata, western Libya.
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The anti-Gaddafi forces were Libyan groups that opposed and militarily defeated the government of Muammar Gaddafi, killing him in the process.
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Apostolic Prefecture of Misurata
The Apostolic Prefecture of Misurata is a Roman Catholic apostolic prefecture (pre-diocesan missionary jurisdiction), with its ecclesiastical seat (cathedra) in Misurata, Libya.
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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
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Asswehly Sports Club (نادي السويحلي الرياضي) is a Libyan football club based in Misurata City, Libya.
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Attasaddy Misurata Sports Club
Attasaddy Misurata Sports Club (نادي التصدي الرياضي مصراته) is a Libyan football club based in Qasr Ahmad, Misurata City, Libya.
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Battle of Bani Walid
The Battle of Bani Walid was a military operation in the Libyan Civil War conducted by anti-Gaddafi forces in September and October 2011, in an effort to take control of the desert city of Bani Walid from pro-Gaddafi forces.
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Battle of Misrata
The Battle of Misrata (معركة مصراتة), also known as the Siege of Misrata, was a battle of the 2011 Libyan Civil War for the control of Misrata.
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Battle of Sirte (2011)
The Battle of Sirte (also spelled Surt) was the final battle of the Libyan Civil War, beginning when the National Liberation Army attacked the last remnants of the Libyan army still loyal to Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown and designated capital of Sirte, on the Gulf of Sidra.
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Battle of Tripoli (2011)
The Battle of Tripoli (ﻣﻌﺮﻛﺔ ﻃﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ) was a military confrontation in Tripoli, Libya, between loyalists of Muammar Gaddafi, the longtime leader of Libya, and the National Transitional Council, which was attempting to overthrow Gaddafi and take control of the capital.
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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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The Bedouin (badawī) are a grouping of nomadic Arab peoples who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant.
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Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
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A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
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A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
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Central Bank of Libya
The Central Bank of Libya (CBL) is the monetary authority in Libya.
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Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
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Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
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Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
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David Mattingly (author)
David John Mattingly, FBA (born 18 May 1958) is an archaeologist and historian of the Roman world, who is currently a professor at the University of Leicester.
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Derna (درنة) is a port city in eastern Libya.
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The Deutscher Wetterdienst or DWD for short, is the German Meteorological Office, based in Offenbach am Main, Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes.
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Districts of Libya
There are twenty-two districts of Libya, known by the term shabiyah (Arabic singular شعبية šaʿbiyya, plural šaʿbiyyāt).
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Eastern European Time
Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.
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Fellah (فلاح, fallāḥ; plural Fellaheen or Fellahin, فلاحين, fallāḥīn) is a farmer or agricultural laborer in the Middle East and North Africa.
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Fezzan (ⴼⴻⵣⵣⴰⵏ, Fezzan; فزان, Fizzān; Fizan; Phasania) or Phazania is the southwestern region of modern Libya.
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German Army (German Empire)
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
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Gharyan is a city in northwestern Libya, in Jabal al Gharbi District.
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tombe in Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari Giuseppe Volpi, 1st Count of Misurata (19 November 1877 – 16 November 1947) was an Italian businessman and politician.
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Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
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Idris of Libya
Idris, GBE (إدريس الأول; El Sayyid Prince Muhammad Idris bin Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi; 12 March 1889 – 25 May 1983), was a Libyan political and religious leader who served as the Emir of Cyrenaica and then as the King of Libya from 1951 to 1969.
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An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
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Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
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Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
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Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
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The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
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The Italian Empire (Impero Italiano) comprised the colonies, protectorates, concessions, dependencies and trust territories of the Kingdom of Italy and, after 1946, the Italian Republic.
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Italian Libya (Libia Italiana; ليبيا الإيطالية) was a unified colony of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI) established in 1934 in what is now modern Libya.
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Italo Balbo (Ferrara, 6 June 1896 – Tobruk, 28 June 1940) was an Italian Blackshirt (Camicie Nere, or CCNN) leader who served as Italy's Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), Governor-General of Libya, Commander-in-Chief of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI), and the "heir apparent" to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.
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The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (Trablusgarp Savaşı, "Tripolitanian War"; also known in Italy as Guerra di Libia, "Libyan War") was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Ottoman Empire from September 29, 1911, to October 18, 1912.
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Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
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Kingdom of Italy
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
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Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
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Libyan Civil War (2011)
The first Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution or 17 February Revolution, was an armed conflict in 2011 in the North African country of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government.
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Libyan Coastal Highway
The Libyan Coastal Highway (الطريق الساحلي الليبي), formerly the Litoranea Balbo, is a highway that is the only major road that runs along the entire east-west length of the Libyan Mediterranean coastline.
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Libyan Iron and Steel Company
The Libyan Iron and Steel Company (Lisco) is one of the largest iron and steelmaking companies operating in North Africa.
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Libyan local elections, 2012
Local elections were held in several municipalities in Libya during 2012.
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List of cities in Libya
This is a list of the 100 largest populated places in Libya.
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A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
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A marina (from Spanish, Portuguese and Italian: marina, "coast" or "shore") is a dock or basin with moorings and supplies for yachts and small boats.
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A market economy is an economic system in which the decisions regarding investment, production, and distribution are guided by the price signals created by the forces of supply and demand.
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The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
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Military of the Ottoman Empire
The history of the military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.
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Misurata Airport is an international airport in Misurata, Libya which also acts as an air base and training center for the Libyan Air Force.
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Misrata (مصراته, Libyan Arabic: Məṣrātah), also spelt Misurata or Misratah, is a sha'biyah (district) in northwestern Libya.
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Misurata University (also known as MU) is a public research university in Misurata, Libya.
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Mohamed Eshtewi (محمد اشتيوي; died 17 December 2017) was a Libyan politician who served as Mayor of Misurata from 2014 until 2017, when he was assassinated.
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Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
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Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
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Nuri Killigil, also known as Nuri Pasha (1889–1949) was an Ottoman general in the Ottoman Army.
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In geography, an oasis (plural: oases) is an isolated area in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source, such as a pond or small lake.
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Ottoman architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire which emerged in Bursa and Edirne in 14th and 15th centuries.
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The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
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Ptolemy III Euergetes
Ptolemy III Euergetes (Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs "Ptolemy the Benefactor"; 284–222 BC) was the third king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt from 246 to 222 BCE.
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Qasr Abu Hadi
Qasr Abu Hadi (قصر ابو هادي) is a village with estimated 4,890 inhabitants in the Sirte District of Libya.
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Qasr Ahmad or Gasr Ahmed (ميناء قصر أحمد) is a neighborhood and port in the eastern region of the city of Misurata in Libya.
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Ramadan Swehli (رمضان السويحلي Ramaḍān as-Swīḥlī) (c. 1879 – 1920) was a prominent Tripolitanian nationalist at the outset of the Italian occupation in 1911 and one of the founders of the Tripolitanian Republic.
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The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
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The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
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Scramble for Africa
The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.
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A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
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Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
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Sirte (سرت,; from Σύρτις), also spelled Sirt, Surt, Sert or Syrte, is a city in Libya.
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Sirte University (جامعة سرت) is a public university in the city of Sirte, Libya, with a campus also at Hun.
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A souq or souk (سوق, שוק shuq, Spanish: zoco, also spelled shuk, shooq, soq, esouk, succ, suk, sooq, suq, soek) is a marketplace or commercial quarter in Western Asian, North African and some Horn African cities (ሱቅ sooq).
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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
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Strabo (Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
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Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
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Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
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Tarhuna (ترهونة), also Tarhoona or Tarhunah, is a Libyan town to the southeast of Tripoli, in the Murqub District.
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The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
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Thubactis was a city founded by the Phoenicians about 3,000 years ago some 210 km east of the Libyan city of Tripoli.
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Times of Malta
The Times of Malta is an English-language daily newspaper in Malta.
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Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara (north and south) to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, to the Levant.
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Transport in Libya
Libya has had no railway in operation since 1965, all previous narrow gauge lines having been dismantled.
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Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
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Tripolitania or Tripolitana (طرابلس, Berber: Ṭrables, from Vulgar Latin *Trapoletanius, from Latin Regio Tripolitana, from Greek Τριπολιτάνια) is a historic region and former province of Libya.
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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
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University of Tripoli
The University of Tripoli (UOT) (Arabic: جامعة طرابلس), is the largest university in Libya and is located in the capital Tripoli.
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The Warfalla (ورفلة) is a tribe that resides in the west of Libya, in the town of Bani Walid, their stronghold.
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World War I
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
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World War II
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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Young Turks (Jön Türkler, from Les Jeunes Turcs) was a Turkish nationalist party in the early 20th century that consisted of Ottoman exiles, students, civil servants, and army officers.
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The Zenata (Berber: Iznaten, ⵉⵣⵏⴰⵜⴻⵏ or Iznasen, ⵉⵣⵏⴰⵙⴻⵏ; زناتة Zanātah) were a Berber tribe, who inhabited an area stretching from western Egypt to Morocco in antiquity along with the Sanhaja and Masmuda.
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Zuwarah, or Zuwara or Zwara, is a port city in northwestern Libya, with a population of around 350,000 (2013), famous for its beaches and seafood.
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The 4th Shore, in Italian Quarta Sponda, was the name created by Benito Mussolini to refer to the Mediterranean shore of coastal colonial Italian Libya and WW II Italian Tunisia in the fascist era Kingdom of Italy, during the late Italian Colonial Empire period of Libya and the Maghreb.
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Gushi flats, History of Misrata, Libya's Stalingrad, Libya's stalingrad, Mesrata, Misrata Province, Misrata, Libya, Misratah, Misurata, Misurata, Libya, Mişrātah, Musrata, Musratah.