89 relations: Aerogel, Aerosol, Agar, Alcoholic drink, Alloy, Amalgam (chemistry), Atmosphere of Earth, Azeotrope, Beer head, Blood, Cement, Centrifugation, Chalk, Chemical compound, Chemical element, Chemical substance, Chemistry, Clay, Cloud, Colloid, Concrete, Correct sampling, Cranberry glass, Decantation, Dust, Emulsion, Foam, Fog, Gas, Gel, Gelatin, Gold, Granite, Gravel, Gy's sampling theory, Hair spray, Hexane, Homogeneity and heterogeneity, Homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures, Hydrogen, Ink, Linearization, Liquid, Lotion, Material, Mayonnaise, Melting point, Mercury (element), Metal, Micrometer, ..., Milk, Mist, Mud, Nanometre, Nitrogen, Opal, Oxygen, Paraffin wax, Particulates, Pigment, Plastic, Plasticizer, Pumice, Sampling (statistics), Sampling error, Sampling probability, Sand, Sea foam, Separation process, Shaving cream, Silica gel, Silt, Silver, Smoke, Soil, Sol (colloid), Solid, Solution, Solvent, Sponge, Styrofoam, Sugar, Suspension (chemistry), Trail mix, Tyndall effect, Vapor, Vinaigrette, Water, Whipped cream. Expand index (39 more) » « Shrink index
Aerogel is a synthetic porous ultralight material derived from a gel, in which the liquid component for the gel has been replaced with a gas.
An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
Agar (pronounced, sometimes) or agar-agar is a jelly-like substance, obtained from algae.
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
An amalgam is an alloy of mercury with another metal, which may be a liquid, a soft paste or a solid, depending upon the proportion of mercury.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
An azeotrope (gK, US) or a constant boiling point mixture is a mixture of two or more liquids whose proportions cannot be altered or changed by simple distillation.
Beer head (also head or collar), is the frothy foam on top of beer which is produced by bubbles of gas, typically carbon dioxide, rising to the surface.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
Centrifugation is a technique which involves the application of centrifugal force to separate particles from a solution according to their size, shape, density, viscosity of the medium and rotor speed.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystals, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
During sampling of granular materials (whether airborne, suspended in liquid, aerosol, or aggragated), correct sampling is defined in Gy's sampling theory as a sampling scenario in which all particles in a population have the same probability of ending up in the sample.
Cranberry glass or Gold Ruby glass is a red glass made by adding gold salts or colloidal gold to molten glass.
Decantation is a process for the separation of mixtures of immiscible liquids or of a liquid and a solid mixture such as a suspension.
Dust are fine particles of matter.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Foam is a substance formed by trapping pockets of gas in a liquid or solid.
Fog is a visible aerosol consisting of minute water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.
Gy's sampling theory is a theory about the sampling of materials, developed by Pierre Gy from the 1950s to beginning 2000s Gy, P (2004), Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, 74, 61-70.
Hair spray (also hair lacquer or spritz) is a common cosmetic hairstyling product that is sprayed onto hair to protect against humidity and wind.
Hexane is an alkane of six carbon atoms, with the chemical formula C6H14.
Homogeneity and heterogeneity are concepts often used in the sciences and statistics relating to the uniformity in a substance or organism.
A homogeneous mixture is a solid, liquid, or gaseous mixture that has the same proportions of its components throughout any given sample.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
In mathematics, linearization is finding the linear approximation to a function at a given point.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
A lotion is a low-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.
Material is a broad term for a chemical substance or mixture of substances that constitute a thing.
Mayonnaise (also), informally mayo, is a thick cold sauce or dressing usually used in sandwiches and composed salads.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A micrometer, sometimes known as a micrometer screw gauge, is a device incorporating a calibrated screw widely used for precise measurement of components in mechanical engineering and machining as well as most mechanical trades, along with other metrological instruments such as dial, vernier, and digital calipers.
Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Mist is a phenomenon caused by small droplets of water suspended in air.
Mud is a liquid or semi-liquid mixture of water and any combination of different kinds of soil (loam, silt, and clay).
The nanometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: nm) or nanometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth (short scale) of a metre (m).
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Opal is a hydrated amorphous form of silica (SiO2·nH2O); its water content may range from 3 to 21% by weight, but is usually between 6 and 10%.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
Pumice, called pumicite in its powdered or dust form, is a volcanic rock that consists of highly vesicular rough textured volcanic glass, which may or may not contain crystals.
In statistics, quality assurance, and survey methodology, sampling is the selection of a subset (a statistical sample) of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population.
In statistics, sampling error is incurred when the statistical characteristics of a population are estimated from a subset, or sample, of that population.
In statistics, in the theory relating to sampling from finite populations, the sampling probability (also known as inclusion probability) of an element or member of the population, is its probability of becoming part of the sample during the drawing of a single sample.
Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Sea foam, ocean foam, beach foam, or spume is a type of foam created by the agitation of seawater, particularly when it contains higher concentrations of dissolved organic matter (including proteins, lignins, and lipids)James G. Acker, CoastalBC.com.
A separation process is a method that converts a mixture or solution of chemical substances into two or more distinct product mixtures.
Shaving cream or shaving foam is a frothy cosmetic cream applied to body hair, usually facial hair, to facilitate shaving.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Silt is granular material of a size between sand and clay, whose mineral origin is quartz and feldspar.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
Smoke is a collection of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases emitted when a material undergoes combustion or pyrolysis, together with the quantity of air that is entrained or otherwise mixed into the mass.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
A sol is a colloidal solution suspension of very small solid particles in a continuous liquid medium.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.
Styrofoam is a trademarked brand of closed-cell extruded polystyrene foam (XPS), commonly called "Blue Board" manufactured as foam continuous building insulation board used in walls, roofs, and foundations as thermal insulation and water barrier.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
In chemistry, a suspension is a heterogeneous mixture that contains solid particles sufficiently large for sedimentation.
Trail mix is a type of snack mix, specifically a combination of granola, dried fruit, nuts, and sometimes chocolate, developed as a food to be taken along on hikes.
The Tyndall effect, also known as Willis–Tyndall scattering, is light scattering by particles in a colloids or in a very fine suspension.
In physics a vapor (American) or vapour (British and Canadian) is a substance in the gas phase at a temperature lower than its critical temperature,R.
Vinaigrette is made by mixing an oil with something acidic such as vinegar or lemon juice.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Whipped cream is cream that is whipped by a whisk or mixer until it is light and fluffy.