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A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, hand phone, or simply a phone) is a phone that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area. [1]

206 relations: Apple Inc., Arthur C. Clarke, Bali, Bank Mandiri, Battery (electricity), Bell System, BenQ-Siemens, BlackBerry, BlackBerry Limited, Bluetooth, Bottom of the pyramid, Branchless banking, Business Insider, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Casio, CECT, Cell phone novel, Cell site, Cellular frequencies, Cellular network, Change.org, Chief executive officer, Child labour, China Mobile, Code division multiple access, Coffee, Contactless payment, Coolpad, Cordless telephone, Customer proprietary network information, Cyber-shot, Cycling, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Digital distribution, Electromagnetic radiation, Electronic waste, Email, Epidemiology, Eric Schneiderman, Eric Tigerstedt, Espoo, Europe, Fairphone, Feature phone, Federal Communications Commission, Field telephone, Finland, Form factor (mobile phones), Fujitsu, Gartner, ..., George Gascón, Gerard Goggin, Giesecke & Devrient, Glioma, Globe Telecom, GSM, GSM services, High Speed Packet Access, Howard Rheingold, HTC, HTC Dream, Huawei, Improved Mobile Telephone Service, IMT Advanced, Indonesia, Infrared Data Association, Integrated circuit, International Data Corporation, International Finance Corporation, International Mobile Station Equipment Identity, International mobile subscriber identity, International Telecommunication Union, IOS 7, IPhone, ITU-R, John Francis Mitchell, Just5, Keypad, Kill switch, Kosher foods, Kyocera, Landline, Least developed country, Lennart Hardell, Lenovo, LG Electronics, List of countries by number of mobile phones in use, List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens, Long-distance calling, LTE (telecommunication), Lumigon, M-Pesa, Mali, Martin Cooper (inventor), Micromax Informatics, Microwave, Mitsubishi Electric, Mobile banking, Mobile broadband, Mobile Internet device, Mobile news, Mobile payment, Mobile phone accessories, Mobile phone operator, Mobile Telephone Service, Mobile telephony, Mobile television, Model organism, Modu, Motorola, Motorola DynaTAC, Motorola Mobility, Multilateration, Multimedia Messaging Service, Near field communication, NEC, Neonode, Nexian, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, Nokia, Nokia Nseries, Nomophobia, Nordic Mobile Telephone, NTT DoCoMo, OpenBTS, Openmoko, Optical head-mounted display, Orthodox Judaism, Palm Pre, Palm, Inc., Panasonic, Pantech, Paul Levinson, Personal Handy-phone System, Philips, Point of sale, Prepaid mobile phone, Product differentiation, Professional mobile radio, Public switched telephone network, Push-button telephone, Qualcomm, Rabbi, Radio Link Protocol, Radiolinja, Rechargeable battery, Removable User Identity Module, Restrictions on cell phone use while driving in the United States, Reuters, Ringback tone, Ringtone, Robert A. Heinlein, Sadie Plant, Safaricom, SAGEMCOM, Samsung Electronics, Sanyo, Satellite navigation, Satellite phone, Second Congo War, Shabbat, Sharp Corporation, Short Message Service, Sierra Wireless, SIM lock, SK Telecom, Smart Communications, Smartphone, Social television, Sony Mobile, Space Cadet, Sprint Corporation, Sri Lanka, Standard & Poor's, Subscriber identity module, Surveillance, TCL Corporation, Telephone, Telephone call, TeliaSonera, Tethering, Text messaging, The BMJ, The New York Times, Toshiba, Touchscreen, Trium, Two-way radio, United Nations, Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UTStarcom, VoIP phone, Voxx International, W-CDMA (UMTS), Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive, Wideband audio, WiMAX, Wireless electronic devices and health, World Health Organization, Yahoo!, Zidisha, ZTE, 2G, 3G, 3GPP, 4G. Expand index (156 more) »

Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. (commonly known as Apple) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

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Arthur C. Clarke

Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE, FRAS The award of Knight Bachelor carries the title of "Sir" and no post-nominal letters (see) meaning that the previous post-nominals, "CBE" are also still used.

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Bali is an island and province of Indonesia.

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Bank Mandiri

Bank Mandiri, headquartered in Jakarta, is the largest bank in Indonesia in term of assets, loans and deposits.

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Battery (electricity)

An electric battery is a device consisting of two or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy.

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Bell System

The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and subsequently by AT&T, which provided telephone services to much of the United States and Canada from 1877 to 1984, at various times as a monopoly.

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BenQ-Siemens was the mobile communications subsidiary of Taiwanese BenQ Corp.

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BlackBerry is a line of wireless handheld devices (commonly called smartphones) and services designed and marketed by BlackBerry Limited, formerly known as Research In Motion Limited (RIM).

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BlackBerry Limited

Blackberry Limited, formerly known as Research In Motion Limited (RIM), is a Canadian telecommunication and wireless equipment company best known to the general public as the developer of the BlackBerry brand of smartphones and tablets, but also well known worldwide as a provider of secure and high reliability software for industrial applications and mobile device management (MDM).

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Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485 GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).

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Bottom of the pyramid

In economics, the bottom of the pyramid is the largest, but poorest socio-economic group.

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Branchless banking

Branchless banking is a distribution channel strategy used for delivering financial services without relying on bank branches.

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Business Insider

Business Insider is an American business, celebrity and technology news website launched in February 2009 and based in New York City.

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Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (French: Société Radio-Canada), officially branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian crown corporation that serves as the national public radio and television broadcaster.

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is a multinational electronics manufacturing company headquartered in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan.

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CECT is one of the many brands of cellular phones manufactured in China.

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Cell phone novel

A cell phone novel, or, is a literary work originally written on a cellular phone via text messaging.

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Cell site

A cell site or cell tower is a cellular telephone site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed, usually on a radio mast, tower or other high place, to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.

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Cellular frequencies

The cellular frequencies are the sets of frequency ranges within the ultra high frequency band that have been allocated for cellular phone use.

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Cellular network

A cellular network or mobile network is a communications network where the last link is wireless.

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Change.org is a petition website operated by Change.org, Inc., an American certified B Corporation incorporated in Delaware that provides a freemium petition tool for more than 100 million users and hosts sponsored campaigns for organizations.

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Chief executive officer

A chief executive officer (CEO in American English) or managing director (MD in British English) describes the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, or administrator in charge of managing a non-profit or for-profit organization.

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Child labour

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.

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China Mobile

China Mobile Communications Corporation is a Chinese state-owned telecommunication company that provides mobile voice and multimedia services CMCC Official Site through its nationwide mobile telecommunications network.

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Code division multiple access

Code division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.

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Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Contactless payment

Contactless payment systems are credit cards and debit cards, key fobs, smart cards or other devices, including smartphones and other mobile devices, that use radio-frequency identification (RFID) or near field communication (NFC) for making secure payments.

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Coolpad Group Limited is a Chinese telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Shenzhen.

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Cordless telephone

A cordless telephone or portable telephone replaces the handset cord with a radio link.

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Customer proprietary network information

Customer Proprietary Network Information (CPNI) is the data collected by telecommunications companies about a consumer's telephone calls.

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Cyber-shot is Sony's line of point-and-shoot digital cameras introduced in 1996.

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Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, DRC, DROC, RDC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply Congo is a country located in Central Africa.

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Digital distribution

Digital distribution (also called content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.

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Electromagnetic radiation

Electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes.

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Electronic waste

Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices.

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Electronic mail, most commonly referred to as email or e-mail since around 1993, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients.

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Epidemiology is the study of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

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Eric Schneiderman

Eric T. Schneiderman (born December 31, 1954) is an American attorney and politician.

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Eric Tigerstedt

Eric Magnus Campbell Tigerstedt (August 4, 1887 – April 20, 1925) was one of the most significant inventors in Finland at the beginning of the 20th century and has been called the "Thomas Edison of Finland".

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Espoo (Esbo) is the second largest city and municipality in Finland.

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Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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Fairphone is a social enterprise with the aim to develop a smartphone designed and produced with minimal harm to people and planet.

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Feature phone

A feature phone is a class of mobile phone; the term is typically used as a retronym to describe low-end mobile phones which are limited in capabilities in contrast to a modern smartphone.

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Federal Communications Commission

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government, created by Congressional statute (see and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories.

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Field telephone

Field telephones are mobile telephones intended for military use, designed to withstand wartime conditions.

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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe bordered by Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east; Estonia lies to the south across the Gulf of Finland.

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Form factor (mobile phones)

The form factor of a mobile phone is its size, shape, and style, as well as the layout and position of its major components.

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, commonly referred to as Fujitsu, is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Gartner, Inc. is an American information technology research and advisory firm providing technology related insight headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut, United States.

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George Gascón

George Gascón (born 1954) is the District Attorney of San Francisco.

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Gerard Goggin

Professor Gerard Goggin is an Australian media and communications researcher who is the Chair of the Media and Communications Department at the University of Sydney.

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Giesecke & Devrient

Giesecke & Devrient (G&D) is a German company headquartered in Munich that provides banknote and securities printing, smart cards, and cash handling systems.

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A glioma is a type of tumor that starts in the brain or spine.

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Globe Telecom

Globe Telecom commonly shortened as Globe, is a major provider of telecommunications services in the Philippines.

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GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile phones, first deployed in Finland in July 1991.

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GSM services

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) services + noman are a standard collection of applications and features available to mobile phone subscribers all over the world.

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High Speed Packet Access

High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) is an amalgamation of two mobile telephony protocols, High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) and High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA), that extends and improves the performance of existing 3G mobile telecommunication networks utilizing the WCDMA protocols.

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Howard Rheingold

Howard Rheingold (born July 7, 1947) is a critic, writer, and teacher; his specialties are on the cultural, social and political implications of modern communication media such as the Internet, mobile telephony and virtual communities (a term he is credited with inventing).

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HTC Corporation, is a Taiwanese multinational manufacturer of smartphones and tablets headquartered in New Taipei City, Taiwan.

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HTC Dream

The HTC Dream (also known as the T-Mobile G1 in the United States and parts of Europe, and as the Era G1 in Poland) is a smartphone developed by HTC.

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Huawei Technologies Co.

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Improved Mobile Telephone Service

The Improved Mobile Telephone Service (IMTS) is a pre-cellular VHF/UHF radio system that links to the PSTN.

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IMT Advanced

International Mobile Telecommunications-Advanced (IMT-Advanced) are requirements issued by the ITU-R of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 2008 for what is marketed as 4G mobile phone and Internet access service.

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Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Infrared Data Association

The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) is an industry-driven interest group that was founded in 1993 by around 50 companies.

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Integrated circuit

An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small plate ("chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

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International Data Corporation

International Data Corporation (IDC), a market research, analysis and advisory firm, specializes in information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology.

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International Finance Corporation

The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is an international financial institution that offers investment, advisory, and asset management services to encourage private sector development in developing countries.

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International Mobile Station Equipment Identity

The International Mobile Station Equipment Identity or IMEI is a number, usually unique, to identify 3GPP (i.e., GSM, UMTS and LTE) and iDEN mobile phones, as well as some satellite phones.

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International mobile subscriber identity

The International Mobile Subscriber Identity or IMSI is used to identify the user of a cellular network and is a unique identification associated with all cellular networks.

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International Telecommunication Union

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.

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iOS 7 is the seventh major release of the iOS mobile operating system designed by Apple Inc and successor of iOS 6.

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iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. They run Apple's iOS mobile operating system.

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The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication.

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John Francis Mitchell

John Francis Mitchell (January 1, 1928 – June 9, 2009) was an American electronics engineer and President & COO of Motorola.

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Just5 is an international mobile phone designer and developer headquartered in Riga, Latvia.

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A keypad is a set of buttons arranged in a block or "pad" which usually bear digits, symbols and usually a complete set of alphabetical letters.

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Kill switch

A kill switch, also known as an emergency stop or e-stop, is a safety mechanism used to shut off a device in an emergency situation in which it cannot be shut down in the usual manner.

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Kosher foods

Kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of kashrut (Jewish dietary law).

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is a multinational electronics and ceramics manufacturer headquartered in Kyoto, Japan.

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A landline telephone (also known as land line, land-line, main line, home phone, landline, fixed-line, and wireline) refers to a phone that uses a metal wire telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission.

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Least developed country

A least developed country (LDC) is a country that, according to the United Nations, exhibits the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

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Lennart Hardell

Lennart Hardell, born 1944, is a Swedish oncologist and professor at Örebro University Hospital in Orebro, Sweden.

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Lenovo Group Ltd. is a Chinese multinational computer technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China, and Morrisville, North Carolina, United States.

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LG Electronics

LG Electronics Inc. (LG전자) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Yeouido-dong, Seoul, and a member of the LG Group, employing 83,000 people working in 119 local subsidiaries worldwide.

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List of countries by number of mobile phones in use

This list ranks the countries of the world by the number of mobile phones in use.

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List of IARC Group 2B carcinogens

Substances, mixtures and exposure circumstances in this list have been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as Group 2B: The agent (mixture) is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

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Long-distance calling

In telecommunications, a long-distance call or trunk call is a telephone call made outside a defined local area, usually to another city.

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LTE (telecommunication)

LTE, an abbreviation for Long-Term Evolution, commonly marketed as 4G LTE, is a standard for wireless communication of high-speed data for mobile phones and data terminals.

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Lumigon is a Danish technology company based in Copenhagen that produces high-end smartphones running on Google Android operating systems.

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M-Pesa (M for mobile, pesa is Swahili for money) is a mobile-phone based money transfer and microfinancing service, launched in 2007 by Vodafone for Safaricom and Vodacom, the largest mobile network operators in Kenya and Tanzania.

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Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa.

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Martin Cooper (inventor)

Martin "Marty" Cooper (born December 26, 1928) is an American engineer.

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Micromax Informatics

Micromax is an Indian consumer electronics company headquartered in Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

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Microwaves are a form of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths ranging from as long as one meter to as short as one millimeter; with frequencies between and.

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Mitsubishi Electric

is a Japanese multinational electronics and electrical equipment manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Mobile banking

Mobile banking is a term used to refer to systems that allow customers of a financial institution to conduct a number of financial transactions through a mobile device such as a mobile phone or tablet.

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Mobile broadband

Mobile broadband is the marketing term for wireless Internet access through a portable modem, mobile phone, USB wireless modem, tablet or other mobile devices.

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Mobile Internet device

A mobile Internet device (MID) is a multimedia-capable mobile device providing wireless Internet access.

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Mobile news

Mobile news refers to both the delivery and creation of news using mobile devices.

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Mobile payment

Mobile payment, also referred to as mobile money, mobile money transfer, and mobile wallet generally refer to payment services operated under financial regulation and performed from or via a mobile device.

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Mobile phone accessories

Mobile phone accessories include any hardware or software that is not integral to the operation of a mobile phone as designed by the manufacturer.

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Mobile phone operator

A mobile phone operator or wireless provider is a telephone company that provides services for mobile phone users.

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Mobile Telephone Service

The Mobile Telephone Service (MTS) is a pre-cellular VHF radio system that links to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN).

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Mobile telephony

Mobile telephony is the provision of telephone services to phones which may move around freely rather than stay fixed in one location.

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Mobile television

Mobile television is television watched on a small handheld or mobile device.

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Model organism

A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.

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Modu was an Israeli mobile phone company founded in 2007 by Dov Moran.

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Motorola, Inc. was a multinational telecommunications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois, United States (U.S.). After having lost $4.3 billion from 2007 to 2009, the company was divided into two independent public companies, Motorola Mobility and Motorola Solutions on January 4, 2011.

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Motorola DynaTAC

DynaTAC is a series of cellular telephones manufactured by Motorola, Inc. from 1984 to 1994.

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Motorola Mobility

Motorola Mobility is an American mobile device computer technology company, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

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Multilateration (MLAT) is a navigation technique based on the measurement of the difference in distance to two stations at known locations that broadcast signals at known times.

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Multimedia Messaging Service

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) is a standard way to send messages that include multimedia content to and from mobile phones over a cellular network.

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Near field communication

Near field communication (NFC) is the set of protocols that enable electronic devices to establish radio communication with each other by touching the devices together, or bringing them into proximity to a distance of typically 10cm or less.

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is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, with its headquarters in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

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Neonode started out as a company producing mobile phones, founded in Sweden by Magnus Goertz and Thomas Eriksson.

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Nexian is a mobile phone company in Indonesia which was acquired by Spice Group in 2011.

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Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

, commonly known as NTT, is a Japanese telecommunications company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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Nokia Corporation (Nokia Oyj) is a Finnish multinational communications and information technology company.

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Nokia Nseries

Nokia Nseries is a multimedia smartphone and tablet product family which is engineered and marketed by the Nokia Corporation.

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Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact.

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Nordic Mobile Telephone

NMT (Nordisk MobilTelefoni or Nordiska MobilTelefoni-gruppen, Nordic Mobile Telephony in English) is the first fully automatic cellular phone system.

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is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan.

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OpenBTS (Open Base Transceiver Station) is a software-based GSM access point, allowing standard GSM-compatible mobile phones to be used as SIP endpoints in Voice over IP (VOIP) networks.

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Openmoko was a project to create a family of open source mobile phones, including the hardware specification, the operating system (Openmoko Linux), and actual smartphone development implementation like the Neo 1973 and Neo FreeRunner.

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Optical head-mounted display

An optical head-mounted display (OHMD) is a wearable device that has the capability of reflecting projected images as well as allowing the user to see through it that is augmented reality.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation and adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Tanaim and Amoraim.

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Palm Pre

The Palm Pre, styled as palm prē, is a multitask smartphone that was designed and marketed by Palm with a multi-touch screen and a sliding keyboard.

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Palm, Inc.

Palm, Inc. was an American company that specialized in manufacturing PDAs and other electronics.

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, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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Pantech (팬택) is a South Korean company that manufactures mobile phones.

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Paul Levinson

Paul Levinson (born March 25, 1947) is an American writer and professor of communications and media studies at Fordham University in New York City.

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Personal Handy-phone System

The Personal Handy-phone System (PHS), also marketed as the Personal Access System (PAS) and commercially branded as Xiaolingtong in Mainland China, is a mobile network system operating in the 1880–1930 MHz frequency band, used mainly in Japan, China, Taiwan, and some other Asian countries and regions.

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Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Royal Philips, commonly known as Philips) is a Dutch diversified technology company headquartered in Amsterdam with primary divisions focused in the areas of electronics, healthcare and lighting.

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Point of sale

The point of sale (POS) is the time and place where a retail transaction is completed.

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Prepaid mobile phone

A prepaid mobile phone (also commonly referred to as pay-as-you-go, pay-as-you-talk, pay and go, or prepaid wireless) is a mobile phone for which credit is purchased in advance of service use.

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Product differentiation

In economics and marketing, product differentiation (or simply differentiation) is the process of distinguishing a product or service from others, to make it more attractive to a particular target market.

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Professional mobile radio

Professional mobile radio (also known as private mobile radio (PMR) in the UK and land mobile radio (LMR) in North America) are field radio communications systems which use portable, mobile, base station, and dispatch console radios.

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Public switched telephone network

The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.

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Push-button telephone

The push-button telephone is a telephone that uses buttons or keys for dialing a telephone number to place a call to another telephone subscriber.

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Qualcomm Inc. is an American global semiconductor company that designs and markets wireless telecommunications products and services.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Radio Link Protocol

Radio Link Protocol (RLP) is an automatic repeat request (ARQ) fragmentation protocol used over a wireless (typically cellular) air interface.

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Radiolinja was a Finnish GSM operator founded on September 19, 1988.

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Rechargeable battery

A rechargeable battery, storage battery, secondary cell, or accumulator is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged into a load, and recharged many times, while a non-rechargeable or primary battery is supplied fully charged, and discarded once discharged.

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Removable User Identity Module

Removable User Identity Module (R-UIM) is a card developed for cdmaOne/CDMA2000 ("CDMA") handsets that extends the GSM SIM card to CDMA phones and networks.

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Restrictions on cell phone use while driving in the United States

Regulatory laws in the United States have placed numerous restrictions on cell phone use by drivers.

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Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in Canary Wharf, London, England, United Kingdom and a division of Thomson Reuters.

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Ringback tone

A ringback tone (RBT, alternatively ringing tone) is an audible indication that is heard by the originator of a telephone call while the destination being called is ringing.

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A ringtone or ring tone is the sound made by a telephone to indicate an incoming call or text message.

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Robert A. Heinlein

Robert Anson Heinlein (See also the biography at the end of For Us, the Living, 2004 edition, p. 261. July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science fiction writer.

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Sadie Plant

Sadie Plant (born 1 January 1964 in Birmingham, England) is a British philosopher, cultural theorist, and author.

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Safaricom, Ltd is a leading mobile network operator in Kenya.

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SAGEMCOM is a French communications company based in Rueil-Malmaison.

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Samsung Electronics

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (Korean: 삼성전자; Hanja: 三星電子) is a South Korean multinational electronics company headquartered in Suwon, South Korea.

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is a Japanese major electronics company and member of the Fortune Global 500 whose headquarters is located in Moriguchi, Osaka prefecture, Japan. Sanyo has over 230 subsidiaries and affiliates. On December 21, 2009, Panasonic completed a 400 billion yen ($4.5 billion) acquisition of a 50.2% stake in Sanyo, making Sanyo a subsidiary of Panasonic. In July 2010, Panasonic announced that it would acquire the remaining shares of Sanyo.

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Satellite navigation

A satellite navigation or satnav system is a system of satellites that provide autonomous geo-spatial positioning with global coverage.

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Satellite phone

A satellite telephone, satellite phone, or satphone is a type of mobile phone that connects to orbiting satellites instead of terrestrial cell sites.

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Second Congo War

The Second Congo War (also known as the Great War of Africa or the Great African War, and sometimes referred to as the African World War) began in August 1998, little more than a year after the First Congo War (and involving some of the same issues), in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and officially ended in July 2003 when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power.

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Shabbat (שַׁבָּת, "rest" or "cessation") or Shabbos (r) (English: Sabbath) is Judaism's day of rest and seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth in six days and the Exodus of the Hebrews, and look forward to a future Messianic Age.

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Sharp Corporation

is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products. Headquartered in Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan, Sharp employed 49,096 people worldwide as of March 2015. The company was founded in September 1912 and takes its name from one of its founder's first inventions, the Ever-Sharp mechanical pencil, which was invented by Tokuji Hayakawa (早川 徳次) in 1915. As of 2013, Sharp Corporation is the tenth-largest, by market share, television manufacturer in the world. Since 2000, Sharp has heavily invested in LCD panel manufacturing plants: Kameyama in 2004, Sakai in 2009. The Sakai plant is still the only 10th generation LCD manufacturing plant on the globe and best fit for production of 60 inch or larger panels. However, the 2008 financial crisis and strong Yen (especially against Won) significantly lowered world demand for Japanese LCD panels. Furthermore, the switch to digital TV broadcasting was virtually completed in Japan by the middle of 2011. Via Japanese government issued coupons for digital TV sets, consumers were encouraged to purchase digital TV sets until March 2011. This hit the Japanese LCD TV market, reducing it almost by half from 2010. All of those events strongly hit Sharp's LCD business. As the result, the Sakai LCD plant suffered a reduced operating rate until Q3 2012. 2012 was the 100th anniversary for Sharp but it announced the worst financial record in its history, with a loss of 376 billion yen (US$4.7 billion) in April 2012. In September, Sharp announced job cuts. In 2014, Sharp was able to stem losses and deliver a positive net income for its first quarter results. In July 2015, Sharp sold its Mexico TV factory to Chinese electronics manufacturer Hisense for $23.7 million with rights to use the Sharp brand name and all its channel resources in North and South America - meaning Hisense completely took over Sharp's TV business in those regions.

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Short Message Service

Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of phone, Web, or mobile communication systems.

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Sierra Wireless

Sierra Wireless is a multinational wireless communications equipment designer and manufacturer headquartered in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.

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SIM lock

A SIM lock, simlock, network lock or subsidy lock is a capability built into GSM mobile phones by mobile phone manufacturers.

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SK Telecom

SK Telecom Co., Ltd. (Hangul: SK텔레콤 or 에스케이텔레콤) is a South Korean wireless telecommunications operator, it is part of the SK Group, one of the country's largest chaebols.

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Smart Communications

Smart Communications is a wholly owned mobile phone and Internet service subsidiary of PLDT.

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A smartphone or smart phone is a mobile phone with an advanced mobile operating system which combines features of a personal computer operating system with other features useful for mobile or handheld use.

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Social television

Social television is the union of television and social media.

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Sony Mobile

Sony Mobile Communications Inc. (formerly Sony Ericsson) is a multinational mobile phone manufacturing company jointly headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, and Lund, Sweden, and is a wholly owned by Younus Appakkadan.

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Space Cadet

Space Cadet is a 1948 science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein about Matt Dodson, who joins the Space Patrol to help preserve peace in the Solar System.

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Sprint Corporation

Sprint Corporation, commonly referred to as Sprint, is an American telecommunications holding company that provides wireless services and is a major global Internet carrier.

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

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Standard & Poor's

Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (S&P) is an American financial services company.

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Subscriber identity module

A subscriber identity module or subscriber identification module (SIM) is an integrated circuit chip that is intended to securely store the international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) number and its related key, which are used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile telephony devices (such as mobile phones and computers).

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Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting them.

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TCL Corporation

TCL Corporation is a Chinese multinational electronics company headquartered in Huizhou, Guangdong province, China.

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A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.

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Telephone call

A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network between the calling party and the called party.

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TeliaSonera AB is the dominant telephone company and mobile network operator in Sweden and Finland.

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Tethering is connecting one device to another.

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Text messaging

Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending brief, electronic messages between two or more mobile phones, or fixed or portable devices over a phone network.

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The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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(commonly referred to as Toshiba, stylized as TOSHIBA) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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A touchscreen is an input device normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system.

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Trium was a brand of mobile phones made by Mitsubishi.

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Two-way radio

A two-way radio is a radio that can both transmit and receive (a transceiver), unlike a broadcast receiver which only receives content.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.

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UTStarcom is a Fortune 1000 company that specializes in mobile, broadband access, and data network solutions.

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VoIP phone

A VoIP phone or IP phone uses Voice over IP technologies for placing and transmitting telephone calls over an IP network, such as the Internet, instead of the traditional public switched telephone network (PSTN).

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Voxx International

Voxx International, formerly Audiovox Corporation, is an American consumer electronics company founded in 1965 and headquartered in Hauppauge, New York.

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W-CDMA or WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access), along with UMTS-FDD, UTRA-FDD, or IMT-2000 CDMA Direct Spread is an air interface standard found in 3G mobile telecommunications networks.

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Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive

The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE Directive) is the European Community directive 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) which, together with the RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC, became European Law in February 2003.

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Wideband audio

Wideband audio, also known as HD voice, is high definition voice quality for telephony audio, contrasted with standard digital telephony "toll quality".

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WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a wireless communications standard designed to provide 30 to 40 megabit-per-second data rates, with the 2011 update providing up to 1 Gbit/s for fixed stations.

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Wireless electronic devices and health

The World Health Organization (WHO) has acknowledged the "anxiety and speculation" regarding electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and their alleged effects on public health.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.

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Yahoo Inc. (styled as Yahoo!) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.

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Zidisha is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that allows people to lend small amounts of money directly to entrepreneurs in developing countries.

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ZTE Corporation is a Chinese multinational telecommunications equipment and systems company headquartered in Shenzhen, China.

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2G (or 2-G) is short for second-generation wireless telephone technology.

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3G, short form of third generation, is the third generation of mobile telecommunications technology.

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The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications associations, known as the Organizational Partners.

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4G, short for fourth generation, is the fourth generation of mobile telecommunications technology, succeeding 3G and preceding 5G.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_phone

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