93 relations: Albert Kapengut, Alexander Beliavsky, Alexander Tolush, Alexey Suetin, Aron Nimzowitsch, Étienne Bacrot, Backward pawn, Benoni Defense, Blumenfeld Gambit, Bobby Fischer, Boris Avrukh, Boris Gelfand, Boris Spassky, British Chess Magazine, Bukhuti Gurgenidze, Catalan Opening, Chess Informant, Chess opening, Chess strategy, Chess theory, Classical World Chess Championship 2004, David Norwood, Dragoljub Velimirović, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Opening, Exchange (chess), Fianchetto, Frank Marshall (chess player), Garry Kasparov, Gennadi Sosonko, Half-open file, Indian Defence, Jan Hein Donner, József Pintér, John L. Watson, John Nunn, Jonathan Penrose, José Raúl Capablanca, Kaarle Ojanen, Karel Hromádka, King's Indian Defence, King's Indian Defence, Four Pawns Attack, King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation, Larry Evans (chess grandmaster), Lev Alburt, Lev Polugaevsky, Lev Psakhis, Ljubomir Ljubojević, Mark Taimanov, Max Euwe, ..., Mihai Suba, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, Moshe Czerniak, Murray Chandler, New York 1927 chess tournament, Nick de Firmian, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Outpost (chess), Passed pawn, Paul Keres, Pawn structure, Peter Leko, Predrag Nikolić, Promotion (chess), Queen's Pawn Game, Rainer Knaak, Rashid Nezhmetdinov, Rules of chess, Sacrifice (chess), Stellan Brynell, Svetozar Gligorić, Switchblade, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Transposition (chess), U.S. Chess Championship, USSR Chess Championship, Vassily Ivanchuk, Veselin Topalov, Viktor Korchnoi, Vladas Mikėnas, Vladimir Kramnik, Vugar Gashimov, Walter Browne, Wolfgang Uhlmann, World Chess Championship 1960, World Chess Championship 1972, World Junior Chess Championship, Yuri Averbakh, Yuri Razuvaev, 14th Chess Olympiad, 25th Chess Olympiad, 33rd Chess Olympiad. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Albert Zinovievich Kapengut (born 4 July 1944, Kazan, Tatarstan) is a Soviet chess master.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush (1 May 1910 – 3 March 1969) was a Soviet chess grandmaster.
Alexey (Aleksei) Stepanovich Suetin (Алексе́й Степа́нович Суэ́тин; November 16, 1926 in Kirovohrad – September 10, 2001 in Moscow) was a Russian International Grandmaster of chess and author.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Étienne Bacrot (born 22 January 1983 in Lille) is a French chess grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
In chess, a backward pawn is a pawn that is behind all pawns of the same color on the adjacent files and cannot be safely advanced.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
The Blumenfeld Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves 3...e6 4.Nf3 b5 in the Benoni Defense arising after: or alternatively: In fact, as many as 30 different move orders are possible.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Leonidovich Avrukh (בוריס ליאונידוביץ' אברוך; Борис Леонидович Аврух; born 10 February 1978 in Karaganda, Soviet Union) is an Israeli chess grandmaster.
Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
British Chess Magazine is the world's oldest chess journal in continuous publication.
Bukhuti (Buchuti) Ivanovich Gurgenidze (ბუხუტი გურგენიძე; November 13, 1933 – May 24, 2008) was a Georgian chess Grandmaster, born in Surami.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2004 was held from September 25, 2004, to October 18, 2004, in Brissago, Switzerland.
David Robert Norwood (born 1968) is an English businessman who runs an investment fund that finances spin-off companies from Oxford University science departments.
Dragoljub Velimirović (Serbian Cyrillic: Драгољуб Велимировић; 12 May 1942 – 22 May 2014) was a Serbian (formerly Yugoslav) chess grandmaster, born in Valjevo.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Gennadi (Gennady, Genna) Borisovich Sosonko (Геннадий Борисович Сосонко; born 18 May 1943, Troitsk, Russia) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster (GM).
In chess, a half-open file (or semi-open file) is a with only pawns of one color.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Johannes Hendrikus (Hein) Donner (July 6, 1927 – November 27, 1988) was a Dutch chess grandmaster (GM) and writer.
József Pintér (born 9 November 1953 in Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster and chess writer.
John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.
John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
Jonathan Penrose, OBE (born 7 October 1933, in Colchester) is an English chess Grandmaster and International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster (1983) who won the British Chess Championship ten times between 1958 and 1969.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Kaarle Sakari Ojanen (4 December 1918 – 9 January 2009) was a Finnish chess player.
Karel Hromádka (23 April 1887 in Großweikersdorf, Austria – 16 July 1956) was a Czech chess player, two-time Czech champion, 1913 and 1921 (jointly).
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White immediately builds up a large in order to gain a advantage.
The Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Sämisch is a subtle blockading system and a critical challenge to the King's Indian.
Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.
Lev Osipovich Alburt (born August 21, 1945) is a chess grandmaster, chess writer and chess coach.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Lev Borisovich Psakhis (לב בוריסוביץ' פסחיס; Лев Борисович Псахис; born 29 November 1958 in Krasnoyarsk, Russia) is a naturalised Israeli chess grandmaster, trainer and author.
Ljubomir Ljubojević is a Serbian chess grandmaster.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Mihai Șubă (born June 1, 1947 in Bucharest, Romania) is a Romanian chess Grandmaster.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Moshe Czerniak (משה צ'רניאק; 3 February 1910 – 31 August 1984) was a Polish-Israeli International Chess Master.
Murray Graham Chandler (born 4 April 1960, Wellington, New Zealand) is a chess grandmaster who has played internationally for New Zealand and for England, after he gained English citizenship in the early 1980s.
The New York 1927 chess tournament was an elite chess tournament held in New York City from February 19 to March 23, 1927.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
Peter Leko ('Lékó Péter'; Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Predrag Nikolić (born 11 September 1960 in Bosanski Šamac) is a Bosnian chess grandmaster.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
Rainer Fritz Albert Knaak (born March 16, 1953 in Pasewalk, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a German Chess Grandmaster.
Rashid Gibiatovich Nezhmetdinov (Räşit Hibät ulı Näcmetdinov, Рашид Гибятович Нежметдинов; December 15, 1912 – June 3, 1974) was an eminent Soviet chess player, chess writer, and checkers player.
The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Stellan Brynell (born September 28, 1962) is a chess grandmaster from Sweden.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
A switchblade (also known as an automatic knife, pushbutton knife, ejector knife, switch, Sprenger,Benson, Ragnar (1989). Switchblade: The Ace of Blades. Paladin Press. pp. 1–14.. The switchblade is also known in Germany as the Springmesser. Springer,Shackleford, Steve (ed.) (2009). Blade's Guide To Knives And Their Values. Krause Publications. pp. 151–152. flick knife, or flick blade) is a type of knife with a folding or sliding blade contained in the handle which is opened automatically by a spring when a button, lever, or switch on the handle or bolster is activated.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.
The U.S. Chess Championship is an invitational tournament held to determine the national chess champion of the United States.
The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.
Vassily Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk, also transliterated as Vasyliy or Vasyl (Василь Михайлович Іванчук; born March 18, 1969), is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and a former World Rapid Chess Champion.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Vladas Mikėnas (17 April 1910 – 3 November 1992) was a Lithuanian International Master of chess, an Honorary Grandmaster, and a journalist.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vugar Gashimov (Vüqar Həşimov; 24 July 1986 – 11 January 2014) was an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Walter Shawn Browne (10 January 1949 – 24 June 2015) was an Australian-born American chess Grandmaster and poker player.
Wolfgang Uhlmann (born 29 March 1935) is a prominent German International Grandmaster of chess.
The 1960 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 7, 1960.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 chess tournament (players must have been under 20 years old on 1 January in the year of competition) organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
Yuri Sergeyevich Razuvaev Ю́рий Серге́евич Разува́ев (also Razuvayev; 10 October 1945 – 21 March 2012) was a Russian chess player and trainer.
The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.
The 25th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 29 and November 16, 1982, in Lucerne, Switzerland.
The 33rd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, took place between September 26 and October 13, 1998, in Elista, Kalmykia, Russia.
A62 (chess opening), A63 (chess opening), A64 (chess opening), A65 (chess opening), A66 (chess opening), A67 (chess opening), A68 (chess opening), A69 (chess opening), A70 (chess opening), A71 (chess opening), A72 (chess opening), A73 (chess opening), A74 (chess opening), A75 (chess opening), A76 (chess opening), A77 (chess opening), A78 (chess opening), A79 (chess opening), Benoni, Taimanov Variation, Benoni, Taimanov variation, ECO A69, Modern Benoni Defence, Modern Benoni Defense, Modern Benoni defence, Modern Benoni defense, Modern benoni, Modern benoni defence, Modern benoni defense, Taimanov Attack.