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Modification of Final Judgment

Index Modification of Final Judgment

In United States telecommunication law, the Modification of Final Judgment (MFJ) is the August 1982 agreement approved by the court (consent decree) settling United States v. AT&T, a landmark antitrust suit, originally filed on January 14, 1949 and modifying the previous Final Judgment of January 24, 1956. [1]

12 relations: AT&T Corporation, Breakup of the Bell System, Consent decree, Harold H. Greene, Local access and transport area, National Exchange Carrier Association, Tariff, Telecommunication, United States antitrust law, United States Department of Justice, United States District Court for the District of Columbia, United States v. AT&T.

AT&T Corporation

AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.

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Breakup of the Bell System

The breakup of the Bell System was mandated on January 8, 1982, by an agreed consent decree providing that AT&T Corporation would, as had been initially proposed by AT&T, relinquish control of the Bell Operating Companies that had provided local telephone service in the United States and Canada up until that point.

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Consent decree

A consent decree is an agreement or settlement that resolves a dispute between two parties without admission of guilt (in a criminal case) or liability (in a civil case), and most often refers to such a type of settlement in the United States.

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Harold H. Greene

Harold Herman Greene (born Heinz Grünhaus, February 6, 1923 – January 29, 2000) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

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Local access and transport area

Local access and transport area (LATA) is a term used in U.S. telecommunications regulation.

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National Exchange Carrier Association

The National Exchange Carrier Association is a not-for-profit association created in 1984 by the Federal Communications Commission to administer the fees that long distance companies pay to access local telephone networks in the United States.

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Tariff

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

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Telecommunication

Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.

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United States antitrust law

United States antitrust law is a collection of federal and state government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers.

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United States Department of Justice

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.

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United States District Court for the District of Columbia

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citations, D.D.C.) is a federal district court.

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United States v. AT&T

United States v. AT&T was the antitrust case in the United States that led to the 1984 Bell System divestiture, the breakup of the old American Telephone & Telegraph into the new, seven regional Bell operating companies (RBOC)s and the much smaller new AT&T.

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Redirects here:

Modified Final Judgment.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modification_of_Final_Judgment

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