93 relations: Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan Civil War (1992–1996), Afghan National Army, Afghan presidential election, 2009, Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan, Al-Anfal, Amanullah Khan, American Enterprise Institute, Axis powers, Ayub Shah Durrani, Baba (honorific), Barakzai dynasty, Battle of Kashgar (1934), Battle of Yarkand, BBC, Civil and political rights, Cold War, Coup d'état, Dehradun, Dost Mohammad Khan (Emir of Afghanistan), Durand Line, Emir, Emirate of Afghanistan, Encyclopædia Britannica, Father of the Nation, Femur, First East Turkestan Republic, Gastrointestinal tract, Germany, Habibia High School, Habibullāh Kalakāni, Hamid Karzai, Herat, Hui people, Humaira Begum, Inter-Services Intelligence, Islamabad, Italy, Japan, Kabul, Khan (title), Kingdom of Afghanistan, League of Nations, List of heads of state of Afghanistan, Low back pain, Ma Zhancang, Mah Parwar Begum, Modernization theory, Mohammad Hashim Khan, ..., Mohammad Yaqub Khan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, Mohammed Nadir Shah, Muhammed Akbar Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan, Musahiban, New Delhi, Pashto, Pasteur Institute, Pūl (coin), Persian language, Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari, Political faction, Presidencies and provinces of British India, President of Afghanistan, Prime Minister of Afghanistan, Quran, Republic, Republic of Afghanistan, Robert Fisk, Rome, Second Anglo-Afghan War, Shah Mahmud Khan, Soviet Union, Soviet–Afghan War, Sultan Mohammed Khan, Sunni Islam, Taliban, The Independent, The Observer, Treaty of Gandamak, United Arab Emirates, United States, Universal suffrage, University of Montpellier, Via Cassia, Villa, Wazir Akbar Khan, Women's rights, World War II, 1964 Constitution of Afghanistan, 1973 Afghan coup d'état, 2002 loya jirga, 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army). Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Abdur Rahman Khan (عبد رحمان خان) (between 1840 and 1844October 1, 1901) was Emir of Afghanistan from 1880 to 1901.
This article covers the Afghan history between 28 April 1992, the day that a new interim Afghan government was supposed to replace the Republic of Afghanistan of President Mohammad Najibullah, and the Taliban's conquest of Kabul establishing the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan on 27 September 1996.
The Afghan National Army (ANA) is the land warfare branch of the Afghan Armed Forces.
Presidential elections were held in Afghanistan on 20 August 2009.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Ahmad Shah, Crown Prince of Afghanistan (Pashto: أحمد شاه خان, born 23 September 1934 in Arg-i-Shahi, Kabul) is the second son of Mohammed Zahir Shah, the former King of Afghanistan.
Sūrat al-Anfāl (سورة الأنفال, "The Spoils of War") is the eighth chapter of the Qur'an, with 75 verses.
Amānullāh Khān (امان الله خان) was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik (King).
The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, known simply as the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), is a conservative think tank based in Washington, D.C. which researches government, politics, economics and social welfare.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Ayub Shah, a son of Timur Shah, ruled Afghanistan from 1819 to 1823.
Baba (بابا, baba, بابا, بابا; Sanskrit, Hindi and Marathi:; Assamese and Bengali: বাবা; Punjabi: ਬਾਬਾ; father; grandfather; wise old man; sir,Platts, John T. (John Thompson). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884.) is a Persian and Sanskrit honorific term used in several West Asian and South Asian cultures.
The two branches of the Barakzai dynasty (Translation of Barakzai: sons of Barak) ruled modern day Afghanistan from 1826 to 1973 when the monarchy ended under Musahiban Mohammad Zahir Shah.
The Battle of Kashgar was a military confrontation that took place in 1934 during the Xinjiang Wars.
The Battle of Yarkhand was a confrontation that took place in April 1934 at Yarkand, Xinjiang, China.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
Dehradun or Dehra Dun is the interim capital city of Uttarakhand, a state in the northern part of India.
Dost Mohammad Khan (دوست محمد خان, December 23, 1793June 9, 1863) was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War.
The Durand Line (د ډیورنډ کرښه) is the international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
An emir (أمير), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West African, and Afghanistan.
The Emirate of Afghanistan (د افغانستان امارت) was an emirate between Central Asia and South Asia, which is today's Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
The First East Turkistan Republic (ETR), officially the Turkic Islamic Republic of East Turkistan (شەرقىي تۈركىستان ئىسلام جۇمھۇرىيىتى, Шәрқий Түркистан Ислам Җумхурийити), was a short-lived breakaway would-be Islamic republic founded in 1933.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Habibia High School (دبیرستان حبیبیه) is a school in southwestern Kabul, Afghanistan which has educated many of the former and current Afghan elite, including President Hamid Karzai and musician Ahmad Zahir.
King Habibullah Kalakani (fa, or Bache Saqqaw, fa), 19 January 1891 – 1 November 1929), was King of Afghanistan from January to October 1929 after deposing Amanullah Khan He was executed nine months later by Nadir Khan.Dupree, Louis: "Afghanistan", page 459. Princeton University Press, 1973 Khalilullah Khalili, a Kohistani poet laureate, depicts King Habibullah Kalakani as a mujahid, a "warrior of God." Kalakani was nicknamed Bacha-e Saqaw (literally son of the water carrier) and bandit king.
Hamid Karzai, (Pashto/حامد کرزی, born 24 December 1957) is an Afghan politician who was the leader of Afghanistan from 22 December 2001 to 29 September 2014, originally as an interim leader and then as President for almost ten years, from 7 December 2004 to 2014.
Herat (هرات,Harât,Herât; هرات; Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ ἐν Ἀρίοις, Alexándreia hē en Aríois; Alexandria Ariorum) is the third-largest city of Afghanistan.
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
Humaira Begum (حميرا بیگم; 24 July 1918 – 26 June 2002) was the wife and first cousin of King Mohammed Zahir Shah and the last Queen consort of Afghanistan.
The Inter-Services Intelligence (بین الخدماتی مخابرات, abbreviated as ISI) is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan, operationally responsible for gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world.
Islamabad (اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the federal Islamabad Capital Territory.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.
Khan خان/khan; is a title for a sovereign or a military ruler, used by Mongolians living to the north of China. Khan has equivalent meanings such as "commander", "leader", or "ruler", "king" and "chief". khans exist in South Asia, Middle East, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, East Africa and Turkey. The female alternatives are Khatun and Khanum. These titles or names are sometimes written as Khan/خان in Persian, Han, Kan, Hakan, Hanum, or Hatun (in Turkey) and as "xan", "xanım" (in Azerbaijan), and medieval Turkic tribes.
The Kingdom of Afghanistan (د افغانستان واکمنان, Dǝ Afġānistān wākmanān; Persian:, Pādešāhī-ye Afġānistān) was a constitutional monarchy in southern and central Asia established in 1926 as a successor state to the Emirate of Afghanistan.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
This article lists the heads of state of Afghanistan since the foundation of the first Afghan state, the Hotak Empire, in 1709.
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.
Ma Zhancang (Xiao'erjing: ﻣَﺎ جً ﺿْﺎ) was a Hui Chinese Muslim general of the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army), who served under Generals Ma Zhongying and Ma Hushan.
Mah Parwar Begum (died in Tehran, Iran, on 13 December 1941), was a Queen of Afghanistan.
Modernization theory is used to explain the process of modernization within societies.
Sardar Mohammad Hashim Khan (1885 – 26 October 1953) was a political figure in Afghanistan.
Mohammad Yaqub Khan (1849November 15, 1923) was Emir of Afghanistan from February 21 to October 12, 1879.
Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan (July 18, 1909 – April 28, 1978) was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963 and later the President of Afghanistan.
Muhammad Nadir Shah (محمد نادر شاه, محمد نادر شاه – born Muhammad Nadir Khan; 9 April 1883 – 8 November 1933) was King of Afghanistan from 15 October 1929 until his assassination in November 1933.
Muhammed Akbar Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan (4 August 1933 in Arg-i-Shahi, Kabul - 26 November 1942 in Kabul) was the first son of Mohammed Zahir Shah, the former King of Afghanistan, and the heir apparent to the throne of Afghanistan during his lifetime.
The Musahiban (mú-cy-bon) derived from Persian (مصاحب) Musahib, meaning "courtier" or "aide de camp" are a Mohammadzai family who founded an Afghan dynasty which ruled from 1929 to 1978.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Pashto (پښتو Pax̌tō), sometimes spelled Pukhto, is the language of the Pashtuns.
The Pasteur Institute (Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines.
Pūl (Russian: пул, Tatar: پول) was a historical Russian currency that circulated in Russian Turkestan.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
Sir Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari (4 July 1841 – 3 September 1879), British military administrator, was the son of Count Louis Adolphus Cavagnari, of an old Italian family from Parma in the service of the Bonaparte family, by his marriage in 1837 with an Anglo-Irish lady, Caroline Lyons-Montgomery.
A political faction is a group of individuals within a larger entity, such as a political party, a trade union or other group, or simply a political climate, united by a particular common political purpose that differs in some respect to the rest of the entity.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is Ashraf Ghani.
The Prime Minister of Afghanistan was a post in the Afghan government.
The Quran (القرآن, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
The Republic of Afghanistan (جمهوری افغانستان,; د افغانستان جمهوریت) was the name of the first republic of Afghanistan, created in 1973 after Mohammed Daoud Khan deposed his cousin, King Mohammad Zahir Shah, in a non-violent coup.
Robert Fisk (born 12 July 1946) is an English writer and journalist.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Second Anglo-Afghan War (د افغان-انګرېز دويمه جګړه) was a military conflict fought between the British Raj and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880, when the latter was ruled by Sher Ali Khan of the Barakzai dynasty, the son of former Emir Dost Mohammad Khan.
Sardar Shah Mahmud Khan (سردار شاه محمود خان - b:1890 d: 27 December 1959) was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan from May 1946 to 7 September 1953.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989.
Sultan Mohammed Khan was the former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Treaty of Gandamak officially ended the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of Montpellier (Université de Montpellier) is a French public research university in Montpellier in south-east of France.
The Via Cassia was an important Roman road striking out of the Via Flaminia near the Milvian Bridge in the immediate vicinity of Rome and passing not far from Veii traversed Etruria.
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house.
Wazīr Akbar Khān (1816–1845; وزير اکبر خان), born Mohammad Akbar Khān (محمد اکبر خان) and also known as Amīr Akbar Khān (امير اکبر خان), was an Afghan prince, general, and finally emir for about three years until his death.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 1964 Afghanistan Constitution was the constitution of Afghanistan from 1964 to 1977.
The 1973 Afghan coup d'etat took place on July 17, 1973 in Kabul, Afghanistan when forces led by then-army commander Lieutenant General Mohammed Daoud Khan and then-Chief of Staff General Abdul Karim Mustaghni overthrew the monarchy in a somewhat bloodless coup.
An emergency "loya jirga" (Pashto for "grand assembly") was held in Kabul, Afghanistan between 11 and 19 June 2002 to elect a transitional administration.
The 36th Division was a cavalry division in the National Revolutionary Army.
Baba-i-Millet-i-Afghanistan, King Mohammad Zahir Shah, King Mohammed Zaher Shah, King Mohammed Zahir Shah, King Zahir, King Zahir Shah, King Zahir of Afghanistan, Mohammad Zaher Shah, Mohammad Zahir Shah, Mohammed Saher, Mohammed Zaher Shah, Mohammed Zahir Khan, Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan, Muhamad Zahir Shah, Muhammad Zahir Shah, Muhammad Zahir Szah, Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan, Muhammed Nadir Khan, Muhammed Zahir Shah, Szah Mohammad Zaher, Zaher Sha, Zahir Shah.