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Index Monarchism

Monarchism is the advocacy of a monarch or monarchical rule. [1]

173 relations: Abdul Kerim al-Qubrusi, Abolition of monarchy, Absolute monarchy, Afonso Celso, Viscount of Ouro Preto, Age of Enlightenment, Albanian Kingdom (1943–44), Albert Apponyi, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Aleksy Ćwiakowski, Alexandros Papagos, Amadeo de Souza Cardoso, Amália Rodrigues, American Revolution, André Rebouças, António Ramalho Eanes, Antônio Carlos Gomes, Anton Bakov, Arabs, Ariano Suassuna, August von Mackensen, Australia, Bahrain, Belgium, Bhumibol Adulyadej, Boris Johnson, Brunei, C. S. Lewis, Canada, Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, Catherine the Great, Communism, Constitutional monarchy, Dark Enlightenment, David Cameron, Dimitrios Gounaris, Divine right of kings, Eastern Europe, Egalitarianism, Elton John, Enlightened absolutism, Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, Ethiopia, Europe, Fernando Pessoa, Flemish Movement, Franz Josef Strauss, French language, French Revolution, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Georg von Trapp, ..., Georgios Grivas, Georgios Rallis, German National People's Party, Germany, Glorious Revolution, Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles, Government, Grzegorz Braun, Guilherme de Santa-Rita, Gyanendra of Nepal, Gyula Cseszneky, Haile Selassie, Harold Wilson, Head of government, Head of state, History of anarchism, House of Habsburg, House of Hohenzollern, House of Romanov, Hungarian Soviet Republic, Ian Botham, International Monarchist League, Ioannis Metaxas, Iranian Revolution, Islamic monarchy, István Bethlen, Italy, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jacob Rees-Mogg, James II of England, Janusz Korwin-Mikke, József Mindszenty, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Joan Sutherland, Joaquim Nabuco, João Lustosa da Cunha Paranaguá, Marquis of Paranaguá, John Locke, John, King of England, José Bonifácio de Andrada, José Cid, José de Almada Negreiros, José do Patrocínio, José Maria de Eça de Queirós, José Osvaldo de Meira Penna, José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco, José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Judi Dench, Kadir Mısıroğlu, Kazik Staszewski, Kingdom of Bulgaria, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Romania, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Konstantinos Tsaldaris, Leviathan (Hobbes book), Liberalism, Libertarianism, Liechtenstein, List of kingdoms and royal dynasties, List of socialist states, Loyalist (American Revolution), Machado de Assis, Magna Carta, Mandate of Heaven, Margit Slachta, Mediation, Michael Heseltine, Miguel Esteves Cardoso, Miklós Horthy, Mohammed VI of Morocco, Monarch, Monarchism in Bavaria after 1918, Monarchism in Brazil, Monarchism in Georgia, Monarchy, Morocco, Navin Ramgoolam, Nazim Al-Haqqani, Nazism, Nepal, Netherlands, Nikolai Tolstoy, Oman, Order of succession, Otto von Habsburg, Panagis Tsaldaris, Paul McCartney, Political party, Popular sovereignty, Pretender, Prince George of Cambridge, Principality, Qatar, Radosław Sikorski, Ramalho Ortigão, Reactionary modernism, Regent, Republicanism, Restoration of the Russian monarchy, Revolutions of 1848, Robert Iwaszkiewicz, Robert Makłowicz, Royalist, Russell Crowe, Saudi Arabia, Socialism, Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Swaziland, Thailand, The Spectator, Thomas Hobbes, Tom Jones (singer), Tony Abbott, Tribunal, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Voltaire, Weimar Republic, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, Yoshiko Sakurai. Expand index (123 more) »

Abdul Kerim al-Qubrusi

Aydoğan Fuat, formally referred to as Sahibul Saif Shaykh Abdul Kerim al-Qubrusi (Şeyh Abdülkerim Kıbrısî), was an American Sufi Sheikh of Turkish Cypriot origin and former representative of the Naqshbandi-Haqqani Order in the United States, under the leader Nazim Al-Haqqani.

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Abolition of monarchy

The abolition of monarchy involves the ending of monarchical elements in the government of a country.

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Absolute monarchy

Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.

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Afonso Celso, Viscount of Ouro Preto

Afonso Celso de Assis Figueiredo, the Viscount of Ouro Preto (Ouro Preto, 2 February 1836 – Rio de Janeiro, 21 February 1912) was a Brazilian politician, and the last Prime Minister of the Empire of Brazil.

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Age of Enlightenment

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".

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Albanian Kingdom (1943–44)

The Albanian Kingdom (Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare, German: Königreich Albanien) existed as a de jure independent country, between 1943 and 1944.

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Albert Apponyi

Albert Apponyi de Nagyappony (29 May 18467 February 1933) was a Hungarian nobleman and politician.

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Alberto Santos-Dumont

Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.

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Aleksy Ćwiakowski

Aleksy Ćwiakowski (5 April 1895 – 4 August 1953) was a Polish political activist of the 1920s whose influence rested in his status as the co-founder and leader of the country's monarchist movement.

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Alexandros Papagos

Alexandros Papagos (Αλέξανδρος Παπάγος; 9 December 1883 – 4 October 1955) was a Greek Army officer who led the Hellenic Army in World War II and the later stages of the Greek Civil War.

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Amadeo de Souza Cardoso

Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso (14 November 1887 – 25 October 1918) was a Portuguese painter.

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Amália Rodrigues

Amália Rebordão Rodrigues GCSE, GCIH (23 July 1920 – 6 October 1999), better known as Amália Rodrigues or popularly as Amália, was a Portuguese fadista (fado singer) and actress.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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André Rebouças

André Pinto Rebouças (13 January 1838 – 9 April 1898) was a Brazilian military engineer, abolitionist and inventor, son of Antônio Pereira Rebouças (1798–1880) and Carolina Pinto Rebouças.

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António Ramalho Eanes

António dos Santos Ramalho Eanes, GColL GCL GColTE CavA (born 25 January 1935) is a Portuguese general and politician who was the 16th President of Portugal from 1976 to 1986.

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Antônio Carlos Gomes

Antônio Carlos Gomes (Campinas, July 11, 1836 – Belém, September 16, 1896) was the first New World composer whose work was accepted by Europe.

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Anton Bakov

Anton Bakov (Антон Алексеевич Баков; born 29 December 1965) is a businessman, politician, traveller, writer and human rights activist.

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Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Ariano Suassuna

Ariano Vilar Suassuna (June 16, 1927 – July 23, 2014) was a Brazilian playwright and author.

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August von Mackensen

Anton Ludwig August von Mackensen (6 December 1849 – 8 November 1945), born August Mackensen, was a German field marshal.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Bahrain (البحرين), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (مملكة البحرين), is an Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf.

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Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

Bhumibol Adulyadej (ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช;;; see full title below; 5 December 1927 – 13 October 2016), conferred with the title King Bhumibol the Great in 1987, was the ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri dynasty as Rama IX.

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Boris Johnson

Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964), best known as Boris Johnson, is a British politician, popular historian and journalist serving as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since 2016 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015.

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Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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C. S. Lewis

Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Carl Friedrich Goerdeler

Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (31 July 1884 – 2 February 1945) was a monarchist conservative German politician, executive, economist, civil servant, and opponent of the Nazi regime.

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Catherine the Great

Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.

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In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

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Constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.

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Dark Enlightenment

The Dark Enlightenment, or the neoreactionary movement—also known simply as neoreaction and abbreviated NRx by its proponents—is an anti-democratic and reactionary movement that considers itself to be the antithesis to the Enlightenment.

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David Cameron

David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.

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Dimitrios Gounaris

Dimitrios Gounaris (Patras, 5 January 1867 – Athens, 15 November 1922) was the Prime Minister of Greece from 25 February to 10 August 1915 and 26 March 1921 to 3 May 1922.

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Divine right of kings

The divine right of kings, divine right, or God's mandate is a political and religious doctrine of royal and political legitimacy.

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Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.

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Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

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Elton John

Sir Elton Hercules John (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer, pianist, and composer.

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Enlightened absolutism

Enlightened absolutism refers to the conduct and policies of European absolute monarchs during the 18th and 19th centuries who were influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment.

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Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn

Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn (born July 31, 1909 in Tobelbad, Styria, Austria-Hungary; died May 26, 1999, in Lans, Tyrol) was an Austrian political scientist and journalist.

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Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Fernando Pessoa

Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935), commonly known as Fernando Pessoa, was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language.

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Flemish Movement

The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging) is the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language, for the overall protection of Flemish culture and history, and in some cases, for splitting from Belgium and forming an independent state.

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Franz Josef Strauss

Franz Josef Strauss (6 September 1915 – 3 October 1988) was a German politician.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Friedensreich Hundertwasser

Friedrich Stowasser (December 15, 1928 – February 19, 2000), better known by his pseudonym Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, was an Austrian-born New Zealand artist and architect who also worked in the field of environmental protection.

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Georg von Trapp

Corvette Captain Georg Ludwig Ritter von Trapp (4 April 1880 – 30 May 1947), was an Austro-Hungarian Navy officer.

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Georgios Grivas

Georgios Grivas (Γεώργιος Γρίβας; 6 July 1897 – 27 January 1974), also known by his nom de guerre Digenis (Διγενής), which he adopted while in EOKA, was a Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army, leader of the EOKA guerrilla organisation.

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Georgios Rallis

Georgios Ioannou Rallis (Γεώργιος Ιωάννου Ράλλης; 26 December 1918 – 15 March 2006), anglicised to George Rallis, was a Greek conservative politician and Prime Minister of Greece from 1980 to 1981.

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German National People's Party

The German National People's Party (DNVP) was a national conservative party in Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Glorious Revolution

The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.

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Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles

Gonçalo Pereira Ribeiro Telles (born Lisbon, 24 May 1922) is a Portuguese politician and landscape architect.

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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

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Grzegorz Braun

Grzegorz Michał Braun (born March 11, 1967) is a Polish journalist, academic lecturer, movie director, screenwriter and politician.

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Guilherme de Santa-Rita

Guilherme Augusto Cau da Costa de Santa-Rita, who called himself Santa-Rita Pintor (31 October 1889, in Lisbon - 29 April 1918, in Lisbon), was a Portuguese Futurist painter, known for his eccentricities, which included his signature mode of dressing: work clothes with striped rectangles.

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Gyanendra of Nepal

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Jñānendra Śāh; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the last King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008.

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Gyula Cseszneky

Count Gyula István Cseszneky de Milvány et Csesznek, (Nagymajor, Austria-Hungary, 28 June 1914 – Brazil, after 1970) was a Hungarian aristocrat, poet, cavalry officer, who took part in the Hungarian reannexation of Northern Transylvania, served as aide-de-camp to King Tomislav II of Croatia.

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Haile Selassie

Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.

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Harold Wilson

James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.

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Head of government

A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.

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Head of state

A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.

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History of anarchism

Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates stateless societies often defined as self-governed voluntary institutions, but that several authors have defined as more specific institutions based on non-hierarchical free associations.

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House of Habsburg

The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.

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House of Hohenzollern

The House of Hohenzollern is a dynasty of former princes, electors, kings and emperors of Hohenzollern, Brandenburg, Prussia, the German Empire, and Romania.

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House of Romanov

The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.

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Hungarian Soviet Republic

The Hungarian Soviet Republic or literally Republic of Councils in Hungary (Magyarországi Tanácsköztársaság or Magyarországi Szocialista Szövetséges Tanácsköztársaság) was a short-lived (133 days) communist rump state.

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Ian Botham

Sir Ian Terence Botham, OBE (born 24 November 1955) is an English former cricketer and current cricket commentator.

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International Monarchist League

The International Monarchist League (known until the mid-1990s as the Monarchist League) is an organisation dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the monarchical system of government and the principle of monarchy worldwide.

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Ioannis Metaxas

Ioannis Metaxas (Ιωάννης Μεταξάς; 12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek military officer and politician, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941.

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Iranian Revolution

The Iranian Revolution (Enqelāb-e Iran; also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution), Iran Chamber.

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Islamic monarchy

Islamic monarchies are a type of Islamic state which are monarchies.

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István Bethlen

Count István Bethlen de Bethlen (8 October 1874, Gernyeszeg – 5 October 1946, Moscow) was a Hungarian aristocrat and statesman and served as Prime Minister from 1921 to 1931.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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J. R. R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

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Jacob Rees-Mogg

Jacob William Rees-Mogg (born 24 May 1969) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Somerset since 2010.

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James II of England

James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.

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Janusz Korwin-Mikke

Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke (born 27 October 1942), often referred to by his initials JKM, is a Polish politician, writer and the founder of the right-wing libertarian and Eurosceptic political party called "Liberty".

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József Mindszenty

József Cardinal Mindszenty (29 March 18926 May 1975) was the Prince Primate, Archbishop of Esztergom, cardinal, and leader of the Catholic Church in Hungary from 2 October 1945 to 18 December 1973.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

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Joan Sutherland

Dame Joan Alston Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE (7 November 192610 October 2010) was an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the renaissance of the bel canto repertoire from the late 1950s through to the 1980s.

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Joaquim Nabuco

Joaquim Aurélio Barreto Nabuco de Araújo (August 19, 1849 – January 17, 1910) was a Brazilian writer, statesman, and a leading voice in the abolitionist movement of his country.

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João Lustosa da Cunha Paranaguá, Marquis of Paranaguá

João Lustosa da Cunha Paranaguá, the Marquis of Paranaguá (Parnaguá, August 21, 1821 – Rio de Janeiro, February 9, 1912), was a politician and lawyer of the Empire of Brazil having been President of the Council of Ministers of Brazil on the 26th cabinet during the reign of Pedro II.

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John Locke

John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

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John, King of England

John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.

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José Bonifácio de Andrada

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva (13 June 17636 April 1838) was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire.

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José Cid

José Cid (José Albano Cid de Ferreira Tavares), born on February 4, 1942 in Chamusca, Portugal, is a Portuguese singer and composer.

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José de Almada Negreiros

José Sobral de Almada Negreiros (April 7, 1893 – June 15, 1970) was a Portuguese artist.

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José do Patrocínio

José Carlos do Patrocínio (October 9, 1854 – January 29, 1905) was a Brazilian writer, journalist, activist, orator and pharmacist.

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José Maria de Eça de Queirós

José Maria de Eça de Queiroz (25 November 1845 – 16 August 1900) is generally considered to have been the greatest Portuguese writer in the realist style.

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José Osvaldo de Meira Penna

José Osvaldo de Meira Penna (Rio de Janeiro, March 14, 1917 – Brasília, July 29, 2017) was a Brazilian classical liberal writer and diplomat.

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José Paranhos, Baron of Rio Branco

José Maria da Silva Paranhos Jr., Baron of Rio Branco (in Portuguese: Barão do Rio Branco) (April 20, 1845 – February 10, 1912) was a Brazilian diplomat, geographer, historian, monarchist, politician and professor, considered to be the "father of Brazilian diplomacy".

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José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco

José Maria da Silva Paranhos, the Viscount of Rio Branco (16 March 1819 – 1 November 1880) was a politician, monarchist, diplomat, teacher and journalist of the Empire of Brazil (1822–1889).

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Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to his death.

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Judi Dench

Dame Judith Olivia Dench, (born 9 December 1934) is an English actress.

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Kadir Mısıroğlu

Kadir Mısıroğlu (born 24 January 1933) is a Turkish author, historical revisionist, poet, lawyer, and a former journalist.

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Kazik Staszewski

Kazimierz Piotr Staszewski (born 12 March 1963 in Warsaw), also known as Kazik, is a Polish singer and songwriter.

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Kingdom of Bulgaria

The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908 when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.

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Kingdom of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).

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Kingdom of Romania

The Kingdom of Romania (Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic.

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Kingdom of Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.

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Konstantinos Tsaldaris

Konstantinos Tsaldaris (1884–15 November 1970) was a Greek politician and twice Prime Minister of Greece.

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Leviathan (Hobbes book)

Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil—commonly referred to as Leviathan—is a book written by Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and published in 1651 (revised Latin edition 1668). Its name derives from the biblical Leviathan. The work concerns the structure of society and legitimate government, and is regarded as one of the earliest and most influential examples of social contract theory. Leviathan ranks as a classic western work on statecraft comparable to Machiavelli's The Prince. Written during the English Civil War (1642–1651), Leviathan argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature ("the war of all against all") could only be avoided by strong, undivided government.

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Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.

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Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.

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Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.

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List of kingdoms and royal dynasties

Monarchism is a movement that supports the monarchy as a form of government.

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List of socialist states

The following is a list of self-declared Socialist states—that is to say, past and present states that have declared themselves Socialist or in the process of building socialism.

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Loyalist (American Revolution)

Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.

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Machado de Assis

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, often known by his surnames as Machado de Assis, Machado, or Bruxo do Cosme VelhoVainfas, p. 505.

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Magna Carta

Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.

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Mandate of Heaven

The Mandate of Heaven or Tian Ming is a Chinese political and religious doctrine used since ancient times to justify the rule of the King or Emperor of China.

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Margit Slachta

Margit Slachta (or Schlachta, September 18, 1884 – January 6, 1974) was a Hungarian social activist.

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Mediation is a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques.

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Michael Heseltine

Michael Ray Dibdin Heseltine, Baron Heseltine, (born 21 March 1933) is a British Conservative politician and businessman.

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Miguel Esteves Cardoso

Miguel Vicente Esteves Cardoso (born 25 July 1955) is a Portuguese writer, translator, critic and journalist.

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Miklós Horthy

Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Vitéz"Vitéz" refers to a Hungarian knightly order founded by Miklós Horthy ("Vitézi Rend"); literally, "vitéz" means "knight" or "valiant".;; English: Nicholas Horthy; Nikolaus Horthy Ritter von Nagybánya; 18 June 18689 February 1957) was a Hungarian admiral and statesman, who became the Regent of Hungary.

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Mohammed VI of Morocco

Mohammed VI (محمد السادس,; born 21 August 1963) is the King of Morocco.

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A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.

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Monarchism in Bavaria after 1918

Monarchism in Bavaria after 1918 was driven by the belief that a monarchy would be the best form of government for the German state of Bavaria, despite the abolition of the Bavarian monarchy in 1918.

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Monarchism in Brazil

The movement for the adoption of monarchism in Brazil has taken place as a series of uprisings and political acts, usually in a fragmented way and in the shadow of larger causes.

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Monarchism in Georgia

Georgia has a monarchic tradition that traces its origins to the Hellenistic period.

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A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.

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Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Navin Ramgoolam

Navinchandra Ramgoolam, GCSK, FRCP (born 14 July 1947) is a Mauritian politician who was Prime Minister of Mauritius from 2005 to 2014 and leader of the Labour Party.

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Nazim Al-Haqqani

Mehmet Nazım Adil (April 21, 1922 CE – May 7, 2014; Sha'ban 23, 1340 AH – Rajab 8, 1435 AH), commonly known as Sheikh Nazim (Turkish: Şeyh Nazım), was a Turkish Cypriot Sufi Muslim sheikh and spiritual leader of the Naqshbandi tariqa.

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National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nikolai Tolstoy

Count Nikolai Dmitrievich Tolstoy-Miloslavsky (born 23 June 1935) is an English-Russian author who writes under the name Nikolai Tolstoy.

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Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.

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Order of succession

An order of succession is the sequence of those entitled to hold a high office such as head of state or an honour such as a title of nobility in the order in which they stand in line to it when it becomes vacated.

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Otto von Habsburg

Otto von Habsburg (20 November 1912 4 July 2011), also known by his traditional royal title of Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1919, a realm which comprised modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, and parts of Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.

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Panagis Tsaldaris

Panagis Tsaldaris (also Panagiotis Tsaldaris or Panayotis Tsaldaris; Παναγιώτης (Παναγής) Τσαλδάρης; 5 March 1868 – 17 May 1936) was a Greek politician and the 48th Prime Minister of Greece.

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Paul McCartney

Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and composer.

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Political party

A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.

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Popular sovereignty

Popular sovereignty, or sovereignty of the peoples' rule, is the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.

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A pretender is one who is able to maintain a claim that they are entitled to a position of honour or rank, which may be occupied by an incumbent (usually more recognised), or whose powers may currently be exercised by another person or authority.

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Prince George of Cambridge

Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis; born 22 July 2013) is a member of the British royal family.

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A principality (or princedom) can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince.

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Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Radosław Sikorski

Radosław Tomasz "Radek" Sikorski (born 23 February 1963) is a Polish politician and journalist.

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Ramalho Ortigão

José Duarte Ramalho Ortigão (24 October 1836 – 27 September 1915) was a Portuguese writer of the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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Reactionary modernism

"Reactionary modernism" is a term first coined by Jeffrey Herf in his 1984 book, Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich, to describe the mixture of "great enthusiasm for modern technology with a rejection of the Enlightenment and the values and institutions of liberal democracy" which was characteristic of the German Conservative Revolutionary movement and Nazism.

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A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.

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Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.

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Restoration of the Russian monarchy

A restoration of the Russian monarchy is a hypothetical event in which the Russian monarchy, which has been non-existent since the abdication of the reigning Nicholas II in 1917 and the massacre of him and the rest of his closest family in 1918, is reinstated in today's Russian Federation.

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Revolutions of 1848

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.

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Robert Iwaszkiewicz

Robert Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz (born 17 May 1962) is a Polish politician of the Congress of the New Right (KNP) who was elected in May 2014 as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP).

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Robert Makłowicz

Robert Makłowicz (born August 12, 1963 in Kraków, Poland) is a Polish journalist and historian, notable as a promoter of the Polish cuisine, slow food, and is a television personality.

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A royalist supports a particular monarch as head of state for a particular kingdom, or of a particular dynastic claim.

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Russell Crowe

Russell Ira Crowe (born 7 April 1964) is an actor, film producer and musician.

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Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

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Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (November 6, 1919 in Porto – July 2, 2004 in Lisbon) was a Portuguese poet and writer.

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Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.

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Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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The Spectator

The Spectator is a weekly British magazine on politics, culture, and current affairs.

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Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy.

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Tom Jones (singer)

Sir Thomas John Woodward (born 7 June 1940), also known by his stage name Tom Jones, is a Welsh singer.

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Tony Abbott

Anthony John Abbott (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian politician who served as the 28th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 2013 to 2015.

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A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.

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United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.

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Weimar Republic

The Weimar Republic (Weimarer Republik) is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state during the years 1919 to 1933.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yoshiko Sakurai

is a Japanese journalist, TV presenter, and writer.

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Monarchist, Monarchists.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchism

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