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Monosodium glutamate

Index Monosodium glutamate

Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids. [1]

82 relations: ABC News, Acceptable daily intake, Acrylonitrile, Adenosine monophosphate, Ajinomoto, Amino acid, Asthma, Blinded experiment, Bolus (medicine), BuzzFeed, Cheese, Correlation and dependence, Corynebacterium, Dashi, Design of experiments, Disodium glutamate, Disodium guanylate, Disodium inosinate, Dissociation (chemistry), E number, Essential amino acid, Ether, European Union, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Fermentation, Financial Times, Food additive, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Drug Administration, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Garum, Generally recognized as safe, Glutamate flavoring, Glutamic acid, Gluten, Goya Foods, Grape, Guanosine monophosphate, Harmonized System, Headache, Hydrolyzed protein, Hydrolyzed vegetable protein, Hygroscopy, Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, Inosinic acid, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Ion, Jeffrey Steingarten, Journal of Food Science, Journal of Nutrition, ..., Karl Heinrich Ritthausen, Katsuobushi, Kikunae Ikeda, Kombu, Maillard reaction, Mass fraction (chemistry), Median lethal dose, Monopotassium glutamate, Murri (condiment), Mushroom, Neurotransmitter, Peptide bond, Physiology & Behavior, Placebo-controlled study, Polyacrylic acid, Punjab Food Authority, Ribonucleoside, Ribonucleotide, Saccharina japonica, Sodium, Soybean, Sulfuric acid, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, The Guardian, Tien Chu Ve-Tsin, Tomato, Umami, University of Tokyo, Water of crystallization, World Health Organization, Yeast extract, Yellow Peril. Expand index (32 more) »

ABC News

ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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Acceptable daily intake

Acceptable daily intake or ADI is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.

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Acrylonitrile is an organic compound with the formula CH2CHCN.

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Adenosine monophosphate

Adenosine monophosphate (AMP), also known as 5'-adenylic acid, is a nucleotide.

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is a Japanese food and chemical corporation which produces seasonings, cooking oils, TV dinners, sweeteners, amino acids, and pharmaceuticals.

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Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

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Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

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Blinded experiment

A blind or blinded-experiment is an experiment in which information about the test is masked (kept) from the participant, to reduce or eliminate bias, until after a trial outcome is known.

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Bolus (medicine)

In medicine, a bolus (from Latin bolus, ball) is the administration of a discrete amount of medication, drug, or other compound within a specific time, generally within 1 - 30 minutes, in order to raise its concentration in blood to an effective level.

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BuzzFeed, Inc. is an American Internet media company based in New York City.

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Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.

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Correlation and dependence

In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.

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Corynebacterium is a genus of bacteria that are Gram-positive and aerobic.

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is a class of soup and cooking stock used in Japanese cuisine.

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Design of experiments

The design of experiments (DOE, DOX, or experimental design) is the design of any task that aims to describe or explain the variation of information under conditions that are hypothesized to reflect the variation.

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Disodium glutamate

Disodium glutamate, abbreviated DSG, (Na2C5H7NO4) is a sodium salt of glutamic acid.

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Disodium guanylate

Disodium guanylate, also known as sodium 5'-guanylate and disodium 5'-guanylate, is a natural sodium salt of the flavor enhancing nucleotide guanosine monophosphate (GMP).

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Disodium inosinate

Disodium inosinate (E631) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P.

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Dissociation (chemistry)

Dissociation in chemistry and biochemistry is a general process in which molecules (or ionic compounds such as salts, or complexes) separate or split into smaller particles such as atoms, ions or radicals, usually in a reversible manner.

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E number

E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.

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Essential amino acid

An essential amino acid, or indispensable amino acid, is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized ''de novo'' (from scratch) by the organism, and thus must be supplied in its diet.

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Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, abbreviated FASEB, is a non-profit organization that is the principal umbrella organization of U.S. societies in the field of biological and medical research.

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Fermentation is a metabolic process that consumes sugar in the absence of oxygen.

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Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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Food additive

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.

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Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

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Food and Drug Administration

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.

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Food Standards Australia New Zealand

Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) (Māori: Te Mana Kounga Kai - Ahitereiria me Aotearoa), formerly Australia New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA), is the governmental body responsible for developing food standards for Australia and New Zealand.

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Garum was a fermented fish sauce used as a condiment in the cuisines of ancient Greece, Rome, and later Byzantium.

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Generally recognized as safe

Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts, and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) food additive tolerance requirements.

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Glutamate flavoring

Glutamate flavoring is a generic name for flavor-enhancing compounds based on glutamic acid and its salts (glutamates).

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Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.

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Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.

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Goya Foods

Goya Foods, Inc. is an American producer of a brand of foods sold in the United States and many Hispanic countries.

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A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis.

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Guanosine monophosphate

Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), also known as 5'-guanidylic acid or guanylic acid (conjugate base guanylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.

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Harmonized System

The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, also known as the Harmonized System (HS) of tariff nomenclature is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products.

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Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.

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Hydrolyzed protein

Hydrolyzed protein is a protein that has been at least partially hydrolyzed or broken down into its component amino acids.

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Hydrolyzed vegetable protein

Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) products are foodstuffs obtained by protein hydrolysis and are used as ingredients with an authentic bouillon (broth) taste.

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Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.

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Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase

Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT) is an enzyme encoded in humans by the HPRT1 gene.

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Inosinic acid

Inosinic acid or inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a nucleoside monophosphate.

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International Numbering System for Food Additives

The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.

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An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Jeffrey Steingarten

Jeffrey L. Steingarten (born May 31, 1942) is a leading food writer in the United States.

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Journal of Food Science

The Journal of Food Science is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1936 and is published by John Wiley & Sons on behalf of the Institute of Food Technologists in Chicago, Illinois.

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Journal of Nutrition

The Journal of Nutrition is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the American Society for Nutrition.

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Karl Heinrich Ritthausen

Karl Heinrich Ritthausen (13 January 1826 – 16 October 1912) was a German biochemist who identified two amino acids and made other contributions to the science of plant proteins.

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is dried, fermented, and smoked skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis).

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Kikunae Ikeda

was a Japanese chemist and Tokyo Imperial University professor of Chemistry who, in 1908, uncovered the chemical basis of a taste he named umami.

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Kombu (from konbu) is edible kelp from mostly the family Laminariaceae and is widely eaten in East Asia.

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Maillard reaction

The Maillard reaction is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that gives browned food its distinctive flavor.

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Mass fraction (chemistry)

In chemistry, the mass fraction w_i is the ratio of one substance with mass m_i to the mass of the total mixture m_\text, defined as The symbol Y_i is also used to denote mass fraction.

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Median lethal dose

In toxicology, the median lethal dose, LD50 (abbreviation for "lethal dose, 50%"), LC50 (lethal concentration, 50%) or LCt50 is a measure of the lethal dose of a toxin, radiation, or pathogen.

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Monopotassium glutamate

Monopotassium glutamate (MPG) is a compound with formula KC5H8NO4.

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Murri (condiment)

Murrī or Almorí (in Andalusia) was a condiment made of fermented barley or fish used in medieval Byzantine and Arab cuisine.

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A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.

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Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

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Peptide bond

A peptide bond is a covalent chemical bond linking two consecutive amino acid monomers along a peptide or protein chain.

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Physiology & Behavior

Physiology & Behavior is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier.

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Placebo-controlled study

Placebo-controlled studies are a way of testing a medical therapy in which, in addition to a group of subjects that receives the treatment to be evaluated, a separate control group receives a sham "placebo" treatment which is specifically designed to have no real effect.

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Polyacrylic acid

Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA; trade name Carbomer) is a synthetic high-molecular weight polymers of acrylic acid.

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Punjab Food Authority

The Punjab Food Authority (PFA) is an agency of the provincial Government of Punjab in Pakistan.

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A ribonucleoside is a type of nucleoside including ribose as a component.

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In biochemistry, a ribonucleotide or ribotide is a nucleotide containing ribose as its pentose component.

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Saccharina japonica

Saccharina japonica is a marine species of Phaeophyceae (brown algae), a type of kelp or seaweed, that is extensively cultivated on ropes in between the seas of Japan and Korea.

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Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

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Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

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The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is a monthly peer-reviewed biomedical journal in the field of clinical nutrition.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Tien Chu Ve-Tsin

Tien Chu Ve-Tsin Chemical Limited is a Chinese manufacturer of honey by-products, food chemicals and additives including Monosodium Glutamate or MSG.

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The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.

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Umami, or savory taste, is one of the five basic tastes (together with sweetness, sourness, bitterness, and saltiness).

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University of Tokyo

, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.

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Water of crystallization

In chemistry, water of crystallization or water of hydration or crystallization water is water molecules that are present inside crystals.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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Yeast extract

Yeast extract is the common name for yeast products made by extracting the cell contents (removing the cell walls); they are used as food additives or flavorings, or as nutrients for bacterial culture media.

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Yellow Peril

The Yellow Peril (also Yellow Terror and Yellow Spectre) is a racist color-metaphor that is integral to the xenophobic theory of colonialism: that the peoples of East Asia are a danger to the Western world.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monosodium_glutamate

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