66 relations: A* search algorithm, Admissible heuristic, Almost everywhere, Asymptotically optimal algorithm, Banach space, Bernstein's theorem on monotone functions, Boolean algebra, Calculus, Cantor function, Classification of discontinuities, Combinatorics, Constant function, Convex function, Countable set, Cumulative distribution function, Dedekind number, Derivative, Domain of a function, Duality (order theory), Electoral system, Function (mathematics), Functional analysis, Hasse diagram, Heuristic (computer science), If and only if, Injective function, Interval (mathematics), Inverse function, Kachurovskii's theorem, Lattice (order), Lebesgue measure, Limit of a function, List of order structures in mathematics, Logical conjunction, Logical disjunction, Mathematical analysis, Mathematics, Mode (statistics), Monotone cubic interpolation, Monotone preferences, Negation, Null set, Order embedding, Order isomorphism, Order theory, Partially ordered set, Preorder, Probability theory, Product order, Pseudo-monotone operator, ..., Random variable, Range (mathematics), Real number, Riemann integral, Search algorithm, Sign (mathematics), Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Subset, Surjective function, Topological vector space, Total order, Triangle inequality, Unimodality, Utility, Venn diagram, Wolfram Demonstrations Project. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
In computer science, A* (pronounced as "A star") is a computer algorithm that is widely used in pathfinding and graph traversal, which is the process of plotting an efficiently directed path between multiple points, called "nodes".
In computer science, specifically in algorithms related to pathfinding, a heuristic function is said to be admissible if it never overestimates the cost of reaching the goal, i.e. the cost it estimates to reach the goal is not higher than the lowest possible cost from the current point in the path.
In measure theory (a branch of mathematical analysis), a property holds almost everywhere if, in a technical sense, the set for which the property holds takes up nearly all possibilities.
In computer science, an algorithm is said to be asymptotically optimal if, roughly speaking, for large inputs it performs at worst a constant factor (independent of the input size) worse than the best possible algorithm.
In mathematics, more specifically in functional analysis, a Banach space (pronounced) is a complete normed vector space.
In real analysis, a branch of mathematics, Bernstein's theorem states that every real-valued function on the half-line.
In mathematics and mathematical logic, Boolean algebra is the branch of algebra in which the values of the variables are the truth values true and false, usually denoted 1 and 0 respectively.
Calculus (from Latin calculus, literally 'small pebble', used for counting and calculations, as on an abacus), is the mathematical study of continuous change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of generalizations of arithmetic operations.
In mathematics, the Cantor function is an example of a function that is continuous, but not absolutely continuous.
Continuous functions are of utmost importance in mathematics, functions and applications.
Combinatorics is an area of mathematics primarily concerned with counting, both as a means and an end in obtaining results, and certain properties of finite structures.
In mathematics, a constant function is a function whose (output) value is the same for every input value.
In mathematics, a real-valued function defined on an ''n''-dimensional interval is called convex (or convex downward or concave upward) if the line segment between any two points on the graph of the function lies above or on the graph, in a Euclidean space (or more generally a vector space) of at least two dimensions.
In mathematics, a countable set is a set with the same cardinality (number of elements) as some subset of the set of natural numbers.
In probability theory and statistics, the cumulative distribution function (CDF, also cumulative density function) of a real-valued random variable X, or just distribution function of X, evaluated at x, is the probability that X will take a value less than or equal to x. In the case of a continuous distribution, it gives the area under the probability density function from minus infinity to x. Cumulative distribution functions are also used to specify the distribution of multivariate random variables.
In mathematics, the Dedekind numbers are a rapidly growing sequence of integers named after Richard Dedekind, who defined them in 1897.
The derivative of a function of a real variable measures the sensitivity to change of the function value (output value) with respect to a change in its argument (input value).
In mathematics, and more specifically in naive set theory, the domain of definition (or simply the domain) of a function is the set of "input" or argument values for which the function is defined.
In the mathematical area of order theory, every partially ordered set P gives rise to a dual (or opposite) partially ordered set which is often denoted by Pop or Pd.
An electoral system is a set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined.
In mathematics, a function was originally the idealization of how a varying quantity depends on another quantity.
Functional analysis is a branch of mathematical analysis, the core of which is formed by the study of vector spaces endowed with some kind of limit-related structure (e.g. inner product, norm, topology, etc.) and the linear functions defined on these spaces and respecting these structures in a suitable sense.
In order theory, a Hasse diagram is a type of mathematical diagram used to represent a finite partially ordered set, in the form of a drawing of its transitive reduction.
In computer science, artificial intelligence, and mathematical optimization, a heuristic (from Greek εὑρίσκω "I find, discover") is a technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an approximate solution when classic methods fail to find any exact solution.
In logic and related fields such as mathematics and philosophy, if and only if (shortened iff) is a biconditional logical connective between statements.
In mathematics, an injective function or injection or one-to-one function is a function that preserves distinctness: it never maps distinct elements of its domain to the same element of its codomain.
In mathematics, a (real) interval is a set of real numbers with the property that any number that lies between two numbers in the set is also included in the set.
In mathematics, an inverse function (or anti-function) is a function that "reverses" another function: if the function applied to an input gives a result of, then applying its inverse function to gives the result, and vice versa.
In mathematics, Kachurovskii's theorem is a theorem relating the convexity of a function on a Banach space to the monotonicity of its Fréchet derivative.
A lattice is an abstract structure studied in the mathematical subdisciplines of order theory and abstract algebra.
In measure theory, the Lebesgue measure, named after French mathematician Henri Lebesgue, is the standard way of assigning a measure to subsets of n-dimensional Euclidean space.
Although the function (sin x)/x is not defined at zero, as x becomes closer and closer to zero, (sin x)/x becomes arbitrarily close to 1.
In mathematics, and more particularly in order theory, several different types of ordered set have been studied.
In logic, mathematics and linguistics, And (∧) is the truth-functional operator of logical conjunction; the and of a set of operands is true if and only if all of its operands are true.
In logic and mathematics, or is the truth-functional operator of (inclusive) disjunction, also known as alternation; the or of a set of operands is true if and only if one or more of its operands is true.
Mathematical analysis is the branch of mathematics dealing with limits and related theories, such as differentiation, integration, measure, infinite series, and analytic functions.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
The mode of a set of data values is the value that appears most often.
In the mathematical subfield of numerical analysis, monotone cubic interpolation is a variant of cubic interpolation that preserves monotonicity of the data set being interpolated.
In economics, an agent's preferences are said to be weakly monotonic if, given a consumption bundle x, the agent prefers all consumption bundles y that have more of every good.
In logic, negation, also called the logical complement, is an operation that takes a proposition P to another proposition "not P", written \neg P (¬P), which is interpreted intuitively as being true when P is false, and false when P is true.
In set theory, a null set N \subset \mathbb is a set that can be covered by a countable union of intervals of arbitrarily small total length.
In mathematical order theory, an order embedding is a special kind of monotone function, which provides a way to include one partially ordered set into another.
In the mathematical field of order theory an order isomorphism is a special kind of monotone function that constitutes a suitable notion of isomorphism for partially ordered sets (posets).
Order theory is a branch of mathematics which investigates the intuitive notion of order using binary relations.
In mathematics, especially order theory, a partially ordered set (also poset) formalizes and generalizes the intuitive concept of an ordering, sequencing, or arrangement of the elements of a set.
In mathematics, especially in order theory, a preorder or quasiorder is a binary relation that is reflexive and transitive.
Probability theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with probability.
In mathematics, given two ordered sets A and B, one can induce a partial ordering on the Cartesian product.
In mathematics, a pseudo-monotone operator from a reflexive Banach space into its continuous dual space is one that is, in some sense, almost as well-behaved as a monotone operator.
In probability and statistics, a random variable, random quantity, aleatory variable, or stochastic variable is a variable whose possible values are outcomes of a random phenomenon.
In mathematics, and more specifically in naive set theory, the range of a function refers to either the codomain or the image of the function, depending upon usage.
In mathematics, a real number is a value of a continuous quantity that can represent a distance along a line.
In the branch of mathematics known as real analysis, the Riemann integral, created by Bernhard Riemann, was the first rigorous definition of the integral of a function on an interval.
In computer science, a search algorithm is any algorithm which solves the search problem, namely, to retrieve information stored within some data structure, or calculated in the search space of a problem domain.
In mathematics, the concept of sign originates from the property of every non-zero real number of being positive or negative.
In statistics, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient or Spearman's rho, named after Charles Spearman and often denoted by the Greek letter \rho (rho) or as r_s, is a nonparametric measure of rank correlation (statistical dependence between the rankings of two variables).
In mathematics, a set A is a subset of a set B, or equivalently B is a superset of A, if A is "contained" inside B, that is, all elements of A are also elements of B. A and B may coincide.
In mathematics, a function f from a set X to a set Y is surjective (or onto), or a surjection, if for every element y in the codomain Y of f there is at least one element x in the domain X of f such that f(x).
In mathematics, a topological vector space (also called a linear topological space) is one of the basic structures investigated in functional analysis.
In mathematics, a linear order, total order, simple order, or (non-strict) ordering is a binary relation on some set X, which is antisymmetric, transitive, and a connex relation.
In mathematics, the triangle inequality states that for any triangle, the sum of the lengths of any two sides must be greater than or equal to the length of the remaining side.
In mathematics, unimodality means possessing a unique mode.
Within economics the concept of utility is used to model worth or value, but its usage has evolved significantly over time.
A Venn diagram (also called primary diagram, set diagram or logic diagram) is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of different sets.
The Wolfram Demonstrations Project is an organized, open-source collection of small (or medium-size) interactive programs called Demonstrations, which are meant to visually and interactively represent ideas from a range of fields.
Absolute Monotonic Sequence, Absolutely Monotonic Function, Absolutely Monotonic Sequence, Antitone, Antitonic, Decreasing, Decreasing function, Decreasing operator, Increasing, Increasing function, Increasing operator, Isotone function, Monotone boolean function, Monotone decreasing, Monotone function, Monotone increasing, Monotone map, Monotone operator, Monotone sequence, Monotone transformation, Monotonic, Monotonic Function, Monotonic predicate, Monotonic sequence, Monotonic series, Monotonic transformation, Monotonically decreasing, Monotonically increasing, Monotonically non-decreasing, Monotonically nondecreasing, Monotonically nonincreasing, Monotonicity, Monotonicity theorem, Montone decreasing, Non-decreasing function, Nondecreasing function, Nonincreasing function, Order morphism, Order-preserving, Order-preserving function, Order-reflecting, Order-reversing, Strictly decreasing, Strictly increasing, Strictly increasing function, Strictly monotone, Weakly decreasing, Weakly increasing.