Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Morpheme

Index Morpheme

A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language. [1]

55 relations: Adjective, Adverb, Affix, Allomorph, Alternation (linguistics), Bound and unbound morphemes, Chinese language, Conjunction (grammar), Content morpheme, Cranberry morpheme, Denotation, Determiner, Distributed morphology, English plurals, Floating tone, Generative grammar, Grammatical aspect, Grammatical case, Grammatical gender, Grammatical mood, Grammatical number, Grammatical tense, Homophone, Hybrid word, Idiom, Inflection, Japanese language, Korean language, Lexeme, Lexical functional grammar, Linguistics, List of Greek morphemes used in English, Marker (linguistics), Morphological derivation, Morphological parsing, Morphology (linguistics), Morphophonology, Nanosyntax, Natural language processing, Noun, Null morpheme, Part of speech, Part-of-speech tagging, Phoneme, Prefix, Preposition and postposition, Pronoun, Pronunciation, Root (linguistics), Suffix, ..., Syntax, Theoretical linguistics, Verb, Word, Word stem. Expand index (5 more) »

Adjective

In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

New!!: Morpheme and Adjective · See more »

Adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence.

New!!: Morpheme and Adverb · See more »

Affix

In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.

New!!: Morpheme and Affix · See more »

Allomorph

In linguistics, an allomorph is a variant form of a morpheme, that is, when a unit of meaning varies in sound without changing the meaning.

New!!: Morpheme and Allomorph · See more »

Alternation (linguistics)

In linguistics, an alternation is the phenomenon of a morpheme exhibiting variation in its phonological realization.

New!!: Morpheme and Alternation (linguistics) · See more »

Bound and unbound morphemes

In morphology, a bound morpheme is a morpheme (the most basic unit of meaning) that can appear only as part of a larger word; a free morpheme or unbound morpheme is one that can stand alone or can appear with other morphemes in a lexeme.

New!!: Morpheme and Bound and unbound morphemes · See more »

Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

New!!: Morpheme and Chinese language · See more »

Conjunction (grammar)

In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated or) is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses that are called the conjuncts of the conjoining construction.

New!!: Morpheme and Conjunction (grammar) · See more »

Content morpheme

A content morpheme or contentive morpheme is a root that forms the semantic core of a major class word.

New!!: Morpheme and Content morpheme · See more »

Cranberry morpheme

In linguistic morphology, a cranberry morpheme (or fossilized term) is a type of bound morpheme that cannot be assigned an independent meaning or grammatical function, but nonetheless serves to distinguish one word from another.

New!!: Morpheme and Cranberry morpheme · See more »

Denotation

Denotation is a translation of a sign to its meaning, precisely to its literal meaning, more or less like dictionaries try to define it.

New!!: Morpheme and Denotation · See more »

Determiner

A determiner, also called determinative (abbreviated), is a word, phrase, or affix that occurs together with a noun or noun phrase and serves to express the reference of that noun or noun phrase in the context.

New!!: Morpheme and Determiner · See more »

Distributed morphology

In generative linguistics, Distributed Morphology is a theoretical framework introduced in 1993 by Morris Halle and Alec Marantz.

New!!: Morpheme and Distributed morphology · See more »

English plurals

English nouns are inflected for grammatical number, meaning that if they are of the countable type, they generally have different forms for singular and plural.

New!!: Morpheme and English plurals · See more »

Floating tone

A floating tone is a morpheme or element of a morpheme that contains no consonants, no vowels, but only tone.

New!!: Morpheme and Floating tone · See more »

Generative grammar

Generative grammar is a linguistic theory that regards grammar as a system of rules that generates exactly those combinations of words that form grammatical sentences in a given language.

New!!: Morpheme and Generative grammar · See more »

Grammatical aspect

Aspect is a grammatical category that expresses how an action, event, or state, denoted by a verb, extends over time.

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical aspect · See more »

Grammatical case

Case is a special grammatical category of a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral whose value reflects the grammatical function performed by that word in a phrase, clause or sentence.

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical case · See more »

Grammatical gender

In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical gender · See more »

Grammatical mood

In linguistics, grammatical mood (also mode) is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signaling modality.

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical mood · See more »

Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical number · See more »

Grammatical tense

In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.

New!!: Morpheme and Grammatical tense · See more »

Homophone

A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.

New!!: Morpheme and Homophone · See more »

Hybrid word

A hybrid word or hybridism is a word that etymologically derives from at least two languages.

New!!: Morpheme and Hybrid word · See more »

Idiom

An idiom (idiom, "special property", from translite, "special feature, special phrasing, a peculiarity", f. translit, "one's own") is a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning.

New!!: Morpheme and Idiom · See more »

Inflection

In grammar, inflection or inflexion – sometimes called accidence – is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, case, voice, aspect, person, number, gender, and mood.

New!!: Morpheme and Inflection · See more »

Japanese language

is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

New!!: Morpheme and Japanese language · See more »

Korean language

The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.

New!!: Morpheme and Korean language · See more »

Lexeme

A lexeme is a unit of lexical meaning that exists regardless of the number of inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain.

New!!: Morpheme and Lexeme · See more »

Lexical functional grammar

Lexical functional grammar (LFG) is a constraint-based grammar framework in theoretical linguistics.

New!!: Morpheme and Lexical functional grammar · See more »

Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.

New!!: Morpheme and Linguistics · See more »

List of Greek morphemes used in English

Greek morphemes are parts of words originating from the Greek language.

New!!: Morpheme and List of Greek morphemes used in English · See more »

Marker (linguistics)

In linguistics, a marker is a free or bound morpheme that indicates the grammatical function of the marked word, phrase, or sentence.

New!!: Morpheme and Marker (linguistics) · See more »

Morphological derivation

Morphological derivation, in linguistics, is the process of forming a new word from an existing word, often by adding a prefix or suffix, such as For example, happiness and unhappy derive from the root word happy.

New!!: Morpheme and Morphological derivation · See more »

Morphological parsing

Morphological parsing, in natural language processing, is the process of determining the morphemes from which a given word is constructed.

New!!: Morpheme and Morphological parsing · See more »

Morphology (linguistics)

In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.

New!!: Morpheme and Morphology (linguistics) · See more »

Morphophonology

Morphophonology (also morphophonemics or morphonology) is the branch of linguistics that studies the interaction between morphological and phonological or phonetic processes.

New!!: Morpheme and Morphophonology · See more »

Nanosyntax

Nanosyntax is an approach to syntax in which the terminal nodes of syntactic parse trees may be reduced to units smaller than a morpheme.

New!!: Morpheme and Nanosyntax · See more »

Natural language processing

Natural language processing (NLP) is an area of computer science and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.

New!!: Morpheme and Natural language processing · See more »

Noun

A noun (from Latin nōmen, literally meaning "name") is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas.

New!!: Morpheme and Noun · See more »

Null morpheme

In morphology, a null morpheme or zero morpheme is a morpheme that has no phonetic form.

New!!: Morpheme and Null morpheme · See more »

Part of speech

In traditional grammar, a part of speech (abbreviated form: PoS or POS) is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties.

New!!: Morpheme and Part of speech · See more »

Part-of-speech tagging

In corpus linguistics, part-of-speech tagging (POS tagging or PoS tagging or POST), also called grammatical tagging or word-category disambiguation, is the process of marking up a word in a text (corpus) as corresponding to a particular part of speech, based on both its definition and its context—i.e., its relationship with adjacent and related words in a phrase, sentence, or paragraph.

New!!: Morpheme and Part-of-speech tagging · See more »

Phoneme

A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

New!!: Morpheme and Phoneme · See more »

Prefix

A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

New!!: Morpheme and Prefix · See more »

Preposition and postposition

Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).

New!!: Morpheme and Preposition and postposition · See more »

Pronoun

In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.

New!!: Morpheme and Pronoun · See more »

Pronunciation

Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.

New!!: Morpheme and Pronunciation · See more »

Root (linguistics)

A root (or root word) is a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.

New!!: Morpheme and Root (linguistics) · See more »

Suffix

In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.

New!!: Morpheme and Suffix · See more »

Syntax

In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.

New!!: Morpheme and Syntax · See more »

Theoretical linguistics

For|the journal|Theoretical Linguistics (journal) Multiple issues| one source|date.

New!!: Morpheme and Theoretical linguistics · See more »

Verb

A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).

New!!: Morpheme and Verb · See more »

Word

In linguistics, a word is the smallest element that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.

New!!: Morpheme and Word · See more »

Word stem

In linguistics, a stem is a part of a word.

New!!: Morpheme and Word stem · See more »

Redirects here:

Derivational morpheme, Derivational morphemes, Inflectional morphemes, Moneme, Morpgeme, Morphemes, Morphemic, Morpho-syntactic.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morpheme

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »