Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Mosul

Mosul (الموصل, مووسڵ, Māwṣil) is a major city in northern Iraq. Located some north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank. The metropolitan area has grown to encompass substantial areas on both the "Left Bank" (east side) and the "Right Bank" (west side), as the two banks are described by the locals compared to the flow direction of Tigris. At the start of the 21st century, Mosul and its surrounds had an ethnically and religiously diverse population; the majority of Mosul's population were Arabs, with Assyrians, Armenians, Turkmens, Kurds, Yazidis, Shabakis, Mandaeans, Kawliya, Circassians in addition to other, smaller ethnic minorities. In religious terms, mainstream Sunni Islam was the largest religion, but with a significant number of followers of the Salafi movement and Christianity (the latter followed by the Assyrians and Armenians), as well as Shia Islam, Sufism, Yazidism, Shabakism, Yarsanism and Mandaeism. Mosul's population grew rapidly around the turn of the millennium and by 2004 was estimated to be 1,846,500. In 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant seized control of the city. The Iraqi government recaptured it in the 2016–2017 Battle of Mosul. Historically, important products of the area include Mosul marble and oil. The city of Mosul is home to the University of Mosul and its renowned Medical College, which together was one of the largest educational and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East. Mosul, together with the nearby Nineveh plains, is one of the historic centers for the Assyrians and their churches; the Assyrian Church of the East; its offshoot, the Chaldean Catholic Church; and the Syriac Orthodox Church, containing the tombs of several Old Testament prophets such as Jonah, some of which were destroyed by ISIL in July 2014. [1]

318 relations: Abbas I of Persia, Abbasid Caliphate, Abrahamic religions, Achaemenid Assyria, Achaemenid Empire, Adad-nirari III, Agatha Christie, Ahudemmeh, Airdrop, Akkadian Empire, Al Jazeera, Al-Mishraq, Al-Mosul FC, Al-Omari, Aleppo, Alqosh, Amittai, Anabasis (Xenophon), Anatolia, Ancient Mesopotamian religion, Ansar al-Islam, Aq Qoyunlu, Arabic, Arabs, Architecture, Armenian Genocide, Armenians, Armistice of Mudros, Arrapha, Asōristān, Asenath Barzani, Ashur, Ashur-etil-ilani, Ashur-uballit II, Ashurbanipal, Ashurnasirpal II, Association football, Assur, Assyria, Assyria (Roman province), Assyrian Church of the East, Assyrian genocide, Assyrian homeland, Assyrian people, Atabeg, Austria-Hungary, Austrian National Library, Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction), Babylon, Babylonia, ..., Badr al-Din Lu'lu', Baghdad, Bash Tapia Castle, Battle of Ain Jalut, Battle of Mosul (2016–2017), Beauty, Behnam Abu alsoof, Benjamin of Tudela, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Book frontispiece, British Empire, Bulgaria, Buyid dynasty, Cairo, Castle, Chaldea, Chaldean Catholic Archeparchy of Mosul, Chaldean Catholic Church, Christianity, Church (building), Church of Saint Thomas, Mosul, Cimmerians, Circassians, CNN, College of Cardinals, Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve, Council of Representatives of Iraq, Dair Mar Elia, Damascus, Daniel (biblical figure), Davidic line, Defence Select Committee, Defense Intelligence Agency, Destruction of cultural heritage by ISIL, Diyarbakır, Dominican Order, Dur-Sharrukin, Early Muslim conquests, Eastern Catholic Churches, Esarhaddon, Ethnic cleansing, Exilarch, Fall of Mosul, Fifth Bridge, Forward operating base, France, Galen, Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL, Geopolitics, Germany, Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, Great Mosque of al-Nuri (Mosul), Gypsies in Iraq, Haider al-Abadi, Hajj, Halliburton, Hamdanid dynasty, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Harran, Hatra, Hawar Mulla Mohammed, Hürriyet Daily News, History of the Jews in Iraq, History of the Jews in Kurdistan, Hormuzd Rassam, HuffPost, Hulagu Khan, Humvee, Ibn Battuta, Ibn Hawqal, Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni, Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, Ilkhanate, Inanna, Indigenous peoples, International military intervention against ISIL, Iran, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Iraq War, Iraqi Airways, Iraqi no-fly zones, Iraqi Turkmens, Iron Age, Ishaq ibn Kundaj, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Islamism, Jalairid Sultanate, Jalili dynasty, Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna, Jews, Jizya, Jonah, Kathem Al-Saher, Kufic, Kurds, Kurds in Iraq, League of Nations, Leaning Tower of Pisa, Library of Ashurbanipal, Lise Grande, List of cities in Iraq, List of places in Iraq, List of rulers of Mosul, Liwa (Arabic), Los Angeles Times, M1129 Mortar Carrier, Maimonides, Mamluk, Mandaeans, Mandaeism, Mandatory Iraq, Mar Behnam Monastery, Mar Mattai monastery, Marble, Mary, mother of Jesus, Mawdud, Max Mallowan, Mecca, Medes, Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean climate, Mesopotamia, Middle Assyrian Empire, Mihrab, Militia, Minaret, Monastery, Mongol Empire, Mongols, Mosque, Mosques and shrines of Mosul, Mosul Dam, Mosul International Airport, Mosul Museum, Mosul Question, Mosul Vilayet, Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Kundaj, Munir Bashir, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, Nasir al-Dawla, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Neo-Assyrian Empire, Nimrud, Ninawa campaign, Nineveh, Nineveh Governorate, Nineveh plains, Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014), Nouri al-Maliki, Nur ad-Din (died 1174), Occupied Enemy Territory Administration, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Oil, Old Assyrian Empire, Old Testament, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Iraq, Ottoman Turks, Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–55), Parthian Empire, Pasha, Paulos Faraj Rahho, Peace of Amasya, Persian Empire, Persian Gulf, Persian people, Peshmerga, Petroleum, Pope Benedict XIV, Pope Pius IX, Prelate, Prophet, Province, Qasem Sultan Afshar, Qusay Hussein, Rabban Hormizd Monastery, Rashidun Caliphate, Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, Romani people, Russian Empire, Saddam Hussein, Safavid dynasty, Sagartians, Saladin, Salafi movement, Salah al-Din al-Sabbagh, Samanid Empire, Sargon II, Sasanian Empire, Sayyar Jamil, School, Scythians, Second Vatican Council, Sectarianism, Seleucid Empire, Seljuk Empire, Semi-arid climate, Sennacherib, Seth, Shabak people, Shabaki dialect, Shabakism, Shalmaneser III, Shalmaneser V, Shamshi-Adad I, Shia Islam, Sinsharishkun, Special forces, Stryker, Suez Canal, Sufism, Suicide attack, Suleiman the Magnificent, Sulfur dioxide, Sultan, Sunni Islam, Syria, Syriac Catholic Church, Syriac language, Syriac Orthodox Church, Taha Yassin Ramadan, Tariff, Tariq Aziz, Tel Keppe, The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The Guardian, The New York Times, The Pentagon, Tiglath-Pileser III, Tigris, Timur, Tomb, Treaty of Lausanne, Treaty of Zuhab, Tukulti-Ninurta II, Turkey, Turkish people, Turkmens, Uday Hussein, Umar, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq, United States Army, United States dollar, University of Mosul, Upper Mesopotamia, Uqaylid dynasty, Urban guerrilla warfare, UTC+03:00, Vian Dakhil, Vilayet, Wilayah, World Meteorological Organization, World War I, Xenophon, Yarsanism, Yazidis, Zaha Hadid, Zengid dynasty, 101st Airborne Division, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2004 Mosul bombings, 2008 attacks on Christians in Mosul, 25th Infantry Division (United States), 2nd Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (268 more) »

Abbas I of Persia

Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.

New!!: Mosul and Abbas I of Persia · See more »

Abbasid Caliphate

The Abbasid Caliphate (or ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّة) was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

New!!: Mosul and Abbasid Caliphate · See more »

Abrahamic religions

The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the practices of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham.

New!!: Mosul and Abrahamic religions · See more »

Achaemenid Assyria

Athura (𐎠𐎰𐎢𐎼𐎠 Aθurā), also called Assyria Babylonia, was a geographical area within the Persian Achaemenid Empire held by the last nobility of Aššur (Akkadian), known as Athura (Neo-Aramaic) or Atouria (Greek), during the period of 539 BC to 330 BC as a military protectorate state of Persia under the rule of Cyrus the Great.

New!!: Mosul and Achaemenid Assyria · See more »

Achaemenid Empire

The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.

New!!: Mosul and Achaemenid Empire · See more »

Adad-nirari III

Adad-nirari III (also Adad-narari) was a King of Assyria from 811 to 783 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Adad-nirari III · See more »

Agatha Christie

Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie, Lady Mallowan, (born Miller; 15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976) was an English writer.

New!!: Mosul and Agatha Christie · See more »


Ahudemmeh was the Metropolitan of the East of the Syriac Orthodox Church, from 559 until his execution in 575.

New!!: Mosul and Ahudemmeh · See more »


An airdrop is a type of airlift, developed during World War II to resupply otherwise inaccessible troops, who themselves may have been airborne forces.

New!!: Mosul and Airdrop · See more »

Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient Semitic-speaking empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region, also called Akkad in ancient Mesopotamia in the Bible.

New!!: Mosul and Akkadian Empire · See more »

Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.

New!!: Mosul and Al Jazeera · See more »


Al-Mishraq, or Mishraq Sulphur State Company, is a state run sulfur plant near Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Al-Mishraq · See more »

Al-Mosul FC

Mosul football club (نادي الموصل) is an Iraqi football club based in Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and Al-Mosul FC · See more »


The al-Omari (also spelt al-Umari or el-Umari) (العمري) is a family that claims descent from Umar, the second caliph, or leader, of the Islamic empire.

New!!: Mosul and Al-Omari · See more »


Aleppo (ﺣﻠﺐ / ALA-LC) is a city in Syria, serving as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, the most-populous Syrian governorate.

New!!: Mosul and Aleppo · See more »


Alqōsh (ܐܲܠܩܘܫ, Judeo-Aramaic: אלקוש, ألقوش), alternatively spelled Alkosh, Al-qosh or Alqush, is an Assyrian town in northern Iraq and is within Nineveh Plains.

New!!: Mosul and Alqosh · See more »


Amittai (אֲמִתַּי, my truth; Amathi; italic) was the father of the Prophet Jonah.

New!!: Mosul and Amittai · See more »

Anabasis (Xenophon)

Anabasis (Ἀνάβασις, (literally an "expedition up from")) is the most famous work, published in seven books, of the Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon.

New!!: Mosul and Anabasis (Xenophon) · See more »


Anatolia (Modern Greek: Ανατολία Anatolía, from Ἀνατολή Anatolḗ,; "east" or "rise"), also known as Asia Minor (Medieval and Modern Greek: Μικρά Ἀσία Mikrá Asía, "small Asia"), Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.

New!!: Mosul and Anatolia · See more »

Ancient Mesopotamian religion

Mesopotamian religion refers to the religious beliefs and practices of the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia, particularly Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia between circa 3500 BC and 400 AD, after which they largely gave way to Syriac Christianity.

New!!: Mosul and Ancient Mesopotamian religion · See more »

Ansar al-Islam

Ansar al-Islam (أنصار الإسلام) or Ansar al-Islam fi Kurdistan (أنصار الإسلام في كردستان), also referred to as AAIChalk, Peter, Encyclopedia of Terrorism Volume 1, 2012, ABC-CLIO is a Sunni Muslim insurgent group in Iraq and Syria.

New!!: Mosul and Ansar al-Islam · See more »

Aq Qoyunlu

The Aq Qoyunlu or Ak Koyunlu, also called the White Sheep Turkomans (Āq Quyūnlū), was a Persianate Sunni Oghuz Turkic tribal federation that ruled present-day Armenia, Azerbaijan, Eastern Turkey, most part of Iran, and Iraq from 1378 to 1501.

New!!: Mosul and Aq Qoyunlu · See more »


Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

New!!: Mosul and Arabic · See more »


Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

New!!: Mosul and Arabs · See more »


Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.

New!!: Mosul and Architecture · See more »

Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide (Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Armenian Genocide · See more »


Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

New!!: Mosul and Armenians · See more »

Armistice of Mudros

The Armistice of Mudros (Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded on 30 October 1918, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of World War I. It was signed by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe, on board HMS ''Agamemnon'' in Moudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos.

New!!: Mosul and Armistice of Mudros · See more »


Arrapha or Arrapkha (Akkadian: Arrapḫa, Syriac: ܐܪܦܗܐ, أررابخا,عرفة) was an ancient city in what today is northeastern Iraq, on the site of the modern city of Kirkuk.

New!!: Mosul and Arrapha · See more »


Asōristān (𐭠𐭮𐭥𐭥𐭮𐭲𐭭 Asōrestān, Āsūrestān) was the name of the Sasanian provinces of Mesopotamia from 226 to 637.

New!!: Mosul and Asōristān · See more »

Asenath Barzani

Asenath Barzani, also Asenath Barazani (1590–1670), was a renowned Kurdish Jewish woman who lived in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Asenath Barzani · See more »


Ashur (אַשּׁוּר) was the second son of Shem, the son of Noah.

New!!: Mosul and Ashur · See more »


Ashur-etil-ilani was a king of Assyria (c. 631 BC – c. 627 BC).

New!!: Mosul and Ashur-etil-ilani · See more »

Ashur-uballit II

Ashur-uballit II (Aššur-uballiṭ II) was the last king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, succeeding Sin-shar-ishkun (623–612 BC).

New!!: Mosul and Ashur-uballit II · See more »


Ashurbanipal (Aššur-bāni-apli; ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ; 'Ashur is the creator of an heir'), also spelled Assurbanipal or Ashshurbanipal, was King of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from 668 BC to c. 627 BC, the son of Esarhaddon and the last strong ruler of the empire, which is usually dated between 934 and 609 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Ashurbanipal · See more »

Ashurnasirpal II

Ashur-nasir-pal II (transliteration: Aššur-nāṣir-apli, meaning "Ashur is guardian of the heir") was king of Assyria from 883 to 859 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Ashurnasirpal II · See more »

Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

New!!: Mosul and Association football · See more »


Aššur (Akkadian; ܐܫܘܪ 'Āšūr; Old Persian Aθur, آشور: Āšūr; אַשּׁוּר:, اشور: Āšūr, Kurdish: Asûr), also known as Ashur and Qal'at Sherqat, was an Assyrian city, capital of the Old Assyrian Empire (2025–1750 BC), of the Middle Assyrian Empire (1365–1050 BC), and for a time, of the Neo-Assyrian Empire of 911–608 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Assur · See more »


Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant.

New!!: Mosul and Assyria · See more »

Assyria (Roman province)

Assyria was a Roman province that lasted only two years (116–118 AD).

New!!: Mosul and Assyria (Roman province) · See more »

Assyrian Church of the East

The Assyrian Church of the East (ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ ʻĒdtā d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), officially the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (ʻEdtā Qaddīštā wa-Šlīḥāitā Qātolīqī d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), is an Eastern Christian Church that follows the traditional christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East.

New!!: Mosul and Assyrian Church of the East · See more »

Assyrian genocide

The Assyrian genocide (also known as Sayfo or Seyfo, "Sword"; ܩܛܠܥܡܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ or ܣܝܦܐ) refers to the mass slaughter of the Assyrian population of the Ottoman Empire and those in neighbouring Persia by Ottoman troops during the First World War, in conjunction with the Armenian and Greek genocides.

New!!: Mosul and Assyrian genocide · See more »

Assyrian homeland

The Assyrian homeland or Assyria refers to a geographic and cultural region situated in Northern Mesopotamia that has been traditionally inhabited by Assyrian people.

New!!: Mosul and Assyrian homeland · See more »

Assyrian people

Assyrian people (ܐܫܘܪܝܐ), or Syriacs (see terms for Syriac Christians), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Middle East.

New!!: Mosul and Assyrian people · See more »


Atabeg, Atabek, or Atabey is a hereditary title of nobility of a Turkic origin, indicating a governor of a nation or province who was subordinate to a monarch and charged with raising the crown prince.

New!!: Mosul and Atabeg · See more »


Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.

New!!: Mosul and Austria-Hungary · See more »

Austrian National Library

The Austrian National Library (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) is the largest library in Austria, with more than 12 million items in its various collections.

New!!: Mosul and Austrian National Library · See more »

Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction)

The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (spelled "Ba'th" or "Baath", "resurrection" or "renaissance"; حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي Ḥizb Al-Ba'aṯ Al-'Arabī Al-Ištirākī), also referred to as the pro-Iraqi Ba'ath movement, is a Ba'athist political party headquartered in Baghdad, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction) · See more »


Babylon (KA2.DIĜIR.RAKI Bābili(m); Aramaic: בבל, Babel; بَابِل, Bābil; בָּבֶל, Bavel; ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.

New!!: Mosul and Babylon · See more »


Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

New!!: Mosul and Babylonia · See more »

Badr al-Din Lu'lu'

Badr al-Din Lu'lu' (بدر الدين لؤلؤ) (died 1259) was successor to the Zangid rulers of Mosul, where he governed in variety of capacities for half a century.

New!!: Mosul and Badr al-Din Lu'lu' · See more »


Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Baghdad · See more »

Bash Tapia Castle

Bash Tapia Castle, (Arabic: باشطابيا) also known as Bashtabiya Castle or Pashtabia Castle, is a ruined 12th-century castle located on the western bank of the Tigris river, forming part of the city wall of Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Bash Tapia Castle · See more »

Battle of Ain Jalut

The Battle of Ain Jalut (Ayn Jalut, in Arabic: عين جالوت, the "Spring of Goliath", or Harod Spring, in Hebrew: מעין חרוד) took place in September 1260 between Muslim Mamluks and the Mongols in the southeastern Galilee, in the Jezreel Valley, in the vicinity of Nazareth, not far from the site of Zir'in.

New!!: Mosul and Battle of Ain Jalut · See more »

Battle of Mosul (2016–2017)

The Battle of Mosul (2016–2017) (معركة الموصل, Ma‘rakat al-Mawṣil; شەڕی مووسڵ, Şeriy Mûsil) was a major military campaign launched by the Iraqi Government forces with allied militias, the Kurdistan Regional Government, and international forces to retake the city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which had seized the city in June 2014.

New!!: Mosul and Battle of Mosul (2016–2017) · See more »


Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.

New!!: Mosul and Beauty · See more »

Behnam Abu alsoof

Behnam Nasser Nuaman Abu alsouf (بهنام أبو الصوف) (born 1931 in Mosul Iraq-2012) Iraqi archaeologist, anthropologist, historian and writer, he born in Mosul to Christian Syriac family, He completed his elementary and junior high in the city of Mosul, He earned a BA in Archaeology and civilization of the Faculty of Arts, University of Baghdad in 1955, he completed graduate studies at the University of Cambridge, England, and received his doctorate degree in Archaeology and the nucleus of civilization and anthropology in the autumn of 1966, he was at the point scientifically rescue excavations on a wide basin in the Hemrin Dam (in Diyala province), and Mosul Dam on the Tigris River in the late seventies to mid-eighties of the last century, He revealed several archaeological sites in Iraq, including Tel sewan in Samarra in Salahuddin province This site was from the Stone Age, Also he led his work at the site of Qainj Agha near Erbil Castle settlers to detect a wide range of Uruk period, with two temples serve those in charge amid a residential neighborhood on the bench of Adobe constitute the beginnings of ziggurats (towers included) in Mesopotamia.

New!!: Mosul and Behnam Abu alsoof · See more »

Benjamin of Tudela

Benjamin of Tudela (בִּנְיָמִין מִטּוּדֶלָה,; بنيامين التطيلي;‎ Tudela, Kingdom of Navarre, 1130Castile, 1173) was a medieval Jewish traveler who visited Europe, Asia, and Africa in the 12th century.

New!!: Mosul and Benjamin of Tudela · See more »

Bibliothèque nationale de France

The (BnF, English: National Library of France) is the national library of France, located in Paris.

New!!: Mosul and Bibliothèque nationale de France · See more »

Book frontispiece

A frontispiece in books is a decorative or informative illustration facing a book's title page — on the left-hand, or verso, page opposite the right-hand, or recto, page.

New!!: Mosul and Book frontispiece · See more »

British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

New!!: Mosul and British Empire · See more »


Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.

New!!: Mosul and Bulgaria · See more »

Buyid dynasty

The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids (آل بویه Āl-e Buye), also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was an Iranian Shia dynasty of Daylamite origin.

New!!: Mosul and Buyid dynasty · See more »


Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.

New!!: Mosul and Cairo · See more »


A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.

New!!: Mosul and Castle · See more »


Chaldea or Chaldaea was a Semitic-speaking nation that existed between the late 10th or early 9th and mid-6th centuries BC, after which it and its people were absorbed and assimilated into Babylonia.

New!!: Mosul and Chaldea · See more »

Chaldean Catholic Archeparchy of Mosul

The Chaldean Catholic Archeparchy of Mosul (Archieparchia Mausiliensis Chaldaeorum) is a diocese of the Chaldean Catholic Church, located in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and Chaldean Catholic Archeparchy of Mosul · See more »

Chaldean Catholic Church

The Chaldean Catholic Church (ܥܕܬܐ ܟܠܕܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ, ʿīdtha kaldetha qāthuliqetha; Arabic: الكنيسة الكلدانية al-Kanīsa al-kaldāniyya; translation) is an Eastern Catholic particular church (sui juris) in full communion with the Holy See and the rest of the Catholic Church, with the Chaldean Patriarchate having been originally formed out of the Church of the East in 1552.

New!!: Mosul and Chaldean Catholic Church · See more »


ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

New!!: Mosul and Christianity · See more »

Church (building)

A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.

New!!: Mosul and Church (building) · See more »

Church of Saint Thomas, Mosul

The Church of Saint Thomas is a Syriac Orthodox church in Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Church of Saint Thomas, Mosul · See more »


The Cimmerians (also Kimmerians; Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmérioi) were an ancient people, who appeared about 1000 BC and are mentioned later in 8th century BC in Assyrian records.

New!!: Mosul and Cimmerians · See more »


The Circassians (Черкесы Čerkesy), also known by their endonym Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэхэр Adygekher, Ады́ги Adýgi), are a Northwest Caucasian nation native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.

New!!: Mosul and Circassians · See more »


Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

New!!: Mosul and CNN · See more »

College of Cardinals

The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church.

New!!: Mosul and College of Cardinals · See more »

Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve

Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF–OIR) is the Joint Task Force established by the US-led international coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), set up by the US Central Command to coordinate military efforts against ISIL (Da'esh), and is composed of US military forces and personnel from over 30 countries.

New!!: Mosul and Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve · See more »

Council of Representatives of Iraq

The Council of Representatives (Majlis an-Nuwwāb al-ʿIrāqiyy; ئه‌نجومه‌نی نوێنه‌رانی) is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Council of Representatives of Iraq · See more »

Dair Mar Elia

Dair Mar Elia (ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܐܝܠܝܐ, دير مار إيليا), also known as Saint Elijah's Monastery, was a Christian monastery located just south of Mosul, in the Nineveh Governorate, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Dair Mar Elia · See more »


Damascus (دمشق, Syrian) is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic; it is also the country's largest city, following the decline in population of Aleppo due to the battle for the city.

New!!: Mosul and Damascus · See more »

Daniel (biblical figure)

Daniel is the hero of the biblical Book of Daniel.

New!!: Mosul and Daniel (biblical figure) · See more »

Davidic line

The Davidic line refers to the tracing of lineage to King David through the texts in the Hebrew Bible, in the New Testament, and through the following centuries.

New!!: Mosul and Davidic line · See more »

Defence Select Committee

The Defence Select Committee is one of the Select Committees of the British House of Commons, having been established in 1979.

New!!: Mosul and Defence Select Committee · See more »

Defense Intelligence Agency

The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is an external intelligence service of the United States federal government specializing in defense and military intelligence.

New!!: Mosul and Defense Intelligence Agency · See more »

Destruction of cultural heritage by ISIL

Deliberate destruction and theft of cultural heritage has been conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant since 2014 in Iraq, Syria, and to a lesser extent in Libya.

New!!: Mosul and Destruction of cultural heritage by ISIL · See more »


Diyarbakır (Amida, script) is one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey.

New!!: Mosul and Diyarbakır · See more »

Dominican Order

The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.

New!!: Mosul and Dominican Order · See more »


Dur-Sharrukin ("Fortress of Sargon"; دور شروكين), present day Khorsabad, was the Assyrian capital in the time of Sargon II of Assyria.

New!!: Mosul and Dur-Sharrukin · See more »

Early Muslim conquests

The early Muslim conquests (الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.

New!!: Mosul and Early Muslim conquests · See more »

Eastern Catholic Churches

The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church.

New!!: Mosul and Eastern Catholic Churches · See more »


Esarhaddon (Akkadian: Aššur-aḥa-iddina "Ashur has given a brother";; Ασαρχαδδων; Asor Haddan) was a king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire who reigned 681 – 669 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Esarhaddon · See more »

Ethnic cleansing

Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.

New!!: Mosul and Ethnic cleansing · See more »


The Exilarch (ראש גלות Rosh Galut, ריש גלותא Reysh Galuta or Resh Galvata lit. "head of the exile", رأس الجالوت Raas al-Galut, Greek: Αἰχμαλωτάρχης Aechmalotarches lit. "leader of the captives") was the leader of the Diaspora Jewish community in Babylon following the deportation of King Jeconiah and his court into Babylonian exile after the first fall of Jerusalem in 597 BCE and augmented after the further deportations following the destruction of the kingdom of Judah in 587 BCE.

New!!: Mosul and Exilarch · See more »

Fall of Mosul

The Fall of Mosul occurred between 410 June 2014, when Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) insurgents, initially led by Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi, defeated the Iraqi Army, led by Lieutenant General Mahdi Al-Gharrawi.

New!!: Mosul and Fall of Mosul · See more »

Fifth Bridge

Fifth Bridge (الجسر الخامس) is a bridge in the city of Mosul, located in the province of Nineveh Governorate in Iraq over the Tigris River.

New!!: Mosul and Fifth Bridge · See more »

Forward operating base

A forward operating base (FOB) is any secured forward military position, commonly a military base, that is used to support tactical operations.

New!!: Mosul and Forward operating base · See more »


France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Mosul and France · See more »


Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Galen · See more »

Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, calling itself Islamic State) is recognized by the United Nations as the perpetrator of a genocide of Yazidis in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL · See more »


Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.

New!!: Mosul and Geopolitics · See more »


Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

New!!: Mosul and Germany · See more »

Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer

Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawar (غازي مشعل عجيل الياور, born 1958) is an Iraqi politician.

New!!: Mosul and Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer · See more »

Great Mosque of al-Nuri (Mosul)

The Great Mosque of al-Nuri (جامع النوري Jāmiʿ an-Nūrī) was a mosque in Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Great Mosque of al-Nuri (Mosul) · See more »

Gypsies in Iraq

The Kawliya or Qawliya (كاولية or كاولي), also known as Zott and Ghorbati (known in English as Gypsies), is a community in Iraq of Indian origin, estimated to number over 60,000 people.

New!!: Mosul and Gypsies in Iraq · See more »

Haider al-Abadi

Haider Jawad Kadhim al-Abadi (or al-'Ibadi; حيدر جواد كاظم العبادي, born 25 April 1952) is an Iraqi politician who has been the Prime Minister of Iraq since September 2014.

New!!: Mosul and Haider al-Abadi · See more »


The Hajj (حَجّ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.

New!!: Mosul and Hajj · See more »


Halliburton is an American multinational corporation.

New!!: Mosul and Halliburton · See more »

Hamdanid dynasty

The Hamdanid dynasty (حمدانيون Ḥamdānyūn) was a Shi'a Muslim Arab dynasty of northern Iraq (al-Jazirah) and Syria (890-1004).

New!!: Mosul and Hamdanid dynasty · See more »

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as listed by Hellenic culture, described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks, and said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Hanging Gardens of Babylon · See more »


Harran (حران,Harran, حران) was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa.

New!!: Mosul and Harran · See more »


Hatra الحضر was an ancient city in the Ninawa Governorate and al-Jazira region of Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Hatra · See more »

Hawar Mulla Mohammed

Hawar Mulla Mohammed Taher Zebari (هەوار مەلا محەمەد تاهر زێبارى, هوار ملا محمد طاهر زيباري, born 1 June 1981 in Mosul, Iraq) is a retired Iraqi-kurdish footballer.

New!!: Mosul and Hawar Mulla Mohammed · See more »

Hürriyet Daily News

The Hürriyet Daily News, formerly Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review and Turkish Daily News, is the oldest current English-language daily in Turkey, founded in 1961.

New!!: Mosul and Hürriyet Daily News · See more »

History of the Jews in Iraq

The history of the Jews in Iraq (יְהוּדִים בָּבְלִים,, Yehudim Bavlim, اليهود العراقيون), is documented from the time of the Babylonian captivity c. 586 BC.

New!!: Mosul and History of the Jews in Iraq · See more »

History of the Jews in Kurdistan

Jews of Kurdistan (יהודי כורדיסטן, Yehudei Kurdistan, lit. Jews of Kurdistan; אנשא דידן,, lit. our people; Kurdên cihû) are the ancient Eastern Jewish communities, inhabiting the region known as Kurdistan in northern Mesopotamia, roughly covering parts of northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey.

New!!: Mosul and History of the Jews in Kurdistan · See more »

Hormuzd Rassam

Hormuzd Rassam (182616 September 1910) (ܗܪܡܙܕ ܪܣܐܡ), was an Assyriologist who made a number of important archaeological discoveries from 1877 to 1882, including the clay tablets that contained the Epic of Gilgamesh, the world's oldest literature.

New!!: Mosul and Hormuzd Rassam · See more »


HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.

New!!: Mosul and HuffPost · See more »

Hulagu Khan

Hulagu Khan, also known as Hülegü or Hulegu (ᠬᠦᠯᠡᠭᠦ|translit.

New!!: Mosul and Hulagu Khan · See more »


The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV; colloquial: Humvee) is a family of light, four-wheel drive, military trucks and utility vehicles produced by AM General.

New!!: Mosul and Humvee · See more »

Ibn Battuta

Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.

New!!: Mosul and Ibn Battuta · See more »

Ibn Hawqal

Muḥammad Abū’l-Qāsim Ibn Ḥawqal (محمد أبو القاسم بن حوقل, born in Nisibis, Upper Mesopotamia; travelled 943-969 CE) was a 10th-century Arab Muslim writer, geographer, and chronicler.

New!!: Mosul and Ibn Hawqal · See more »

Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni

March Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni (Arabic: جبرائيل تبّوني, Ignace-Gabriel I Tappouni) (3 November 1879 – 29 January 1968) was a leading prelate of the Syriac Catholic Church.

New!!: Mosul and Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni · See more »

Ignatius Zakka I Iwas

Ignatius Zakka I Iwas (ܐܝܓܢܐܛܝܘܣ ܙܟܝ ܩܕܡܝܐ ܥܝܘܐܨ, إغناطيوس زكا الأول عيواص,, born Sanharib Iwas, 21 April 1931 – 21 March 2014) was the 122nd reigning Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East and, as such, Supreme Head of the Universal Syriac Orthodox Church.

New!!: Mosul and Ignatius Zakka I Iwas · See more »


The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (ایلخانان, Ilxānān; Хүлэгийн улс, Hu’legīn Uls), was established as a khanate that formed the southwestern sector of the Mongol Empire, ruled by the Mongol House of Hulagu.

New!!: Mosul and Ilkhanate · See more »


Inanna was the ancient Sumerian goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, justice, and political power.

New!!: Mosul and Inanna · See more »

Indigenous peoples

Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

New!!: Mosul and Indigenous peoples · See more »

International military intervention against ISIL

In response to rapid territorial gains made by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) during the first half of 2014, and its universally-condemned executions, reported human rights abuses and the fear of further spillovers of the Syrian Civil War, many states began to intervene against it in both the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War (2014–present).

New!!: Mosul and International military intervention against ISIL · See more »


Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).

New!!: Mosul and Iran · See more »

Iran–Iraq War

The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire.

New!!: Mosul and Iran–Iraq War · See more »


Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

New!!: Mosul and Iraq · See more »

Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.

New!!: Mosul and Iraq War · See more »

Iraqi Airways

Iraqi Airways Company, operating as Iraqi Airways (الخطوط الجوية العراقية Al-Khuṭūṭ al-Jawwiyyah al-`Irāqiyyah), is the national carrier of Iraq, headquartered on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad.

New!!: Mosul and Iraqi Airways · See more »

Iraqi no-fly zones

The Iraqi no-fly zones were a set of two separate no-fly zones (NFZs), and were proclaimed by the United States, United Kingdom, and France after the Gulf War of 1991 to protect the Kurds in northern Iraq and Shiite Muslims in the south.

New!!: Mosul and Iraqi no-fly zones · See more »

Iraqi Turkmens

The Iraqi Turkmens (also spelled Turcomans, Turkomens, and Turkmans; Irak Türkmenleri), also referred to as Iraqi Turks, or Turks of Iraq (تركمان العراق, Irak Türkleri), are Iraqi citizens of Turkic origin who mostly adhere to a Turkish heritage and identity.

New!!: Mosul and Iraqi Turkmens · See more »

Iron Age

The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.

New!!: Mosul and Iron Age · See more »

Ishaq ibn Kundaj

Ishaq ibn Kundaj, or Kundajiq, was a Turkic military leader who played a prominent role in the turbulent politics of the Abbasid Caliphate in the late 9th century.

New!!: Mosul and Ishaq ibn Kundaj · See more »

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish), is a Salafi jihadist terrorist organisation and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi/Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.

New!!: Mosul and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant · See more »


Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.

New!!: Mosul and Islamism · See more »

Jalairid Sultanate

The Jalairids were a Mongol Jalayir dynasty which ruled over Iraq and western Persia after the breakup of the Mongol khanate of Persia in the 1330s.

New!!: Mosul and Jalairid Sultanate · See more »

Jalili dynasty

The al-Jalili family (Arabic: الجليلي), are an Iraqi family who served as effective rulers of the city of Mosul, Iraq between 1726 until 1834, during its integration as a district of the Ottoman Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Jalili dynasty · See more »

Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna

Jamaat Ansar al-Sunnah (جماعة أنصار السنه. Jama'at 'Anṣār as-Sunnah, "Assembly of the Helpers of Sunnah"), also known as Jaish Ansar al-Sunna, was an Iraqi Sunni insurgent group that fought against US Troops and their local allies during the Iraq War.

New!!: Mosul and Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna · See more »


Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

New!!: Mosul and Jews · See more »


Jizya or jizyah (جزية; جزيه) is a per capita yearly tax historically levied on non-Muslim subjects, called the dhimma, permanently residing in Muslim lands governed by Islamic law.

New!!: Mosul and Jizya · See more »


Jonah or Jonas is the name given in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/Old Testament) to a prophet of the northern kingdom of Israel in about the 8th century BCE.

New!!: Mosul and Jonah · See more »

Kathem Al-Saher

Kathem Jabbar Al Samarai better known by his artistic name as Kathem Al-Saher (كاظم الساهر; born September 12, 1957 in Mosul, Iraq), is an Iraqi singer, composer and songwriter.

New!!: Mosul and Kathem Al-Saher · See more »


Kufic is the oldest calligraphic form of the various Arabic scripts and consists of a modified form of the old Nabataean script.

New!!: Mosul and Kufic · See more »


The Kurds (rtl, Kurd) or the Kurdish people (rtl, Gelî kurd), are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).

New!!: Mosul and Kurds · See more »

Kurds in Iraq

Kurds in Iraq (کوردانی باشووری کوردستان / کوردانی عێڕاق.) are people born in or residing in Iraq who are of Kurdish origin.

New!!: Mosul and Kurds in Iraq · See more »

League of Nations

The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

New!!: Mosul and League of Nations · See more »

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Torre pendente di Pisa) or simply the Tower of Pisa (Torre di Pisa) is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, known worldwide for its unintended tilt.

New!!: Mosul and Leaning Tower of Pisa · See more »

Library of Ashurbanipal

The Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, named after Ashurbanipal, the last great king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, is a collection of thousands of clay tablets and fragments containing texts of all kinds from the 7th century BC.

New!!: Mosul and Library of Ashurbanipal · See more »

Lise Grande

Lise Grande is an American Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Lise Grande · See more »

List of cities in Iraq

This article shows a list of cities in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and List of cities in Iraq · See more »

List of places in Iraq

This is a list of places in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and List of places in Iraq · See more »

List of rulers of Mosul

This is a list of the rulers of the Iraqi city of Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and List of rulers of Mosul · See more »

Liwa (Arabic)

Liwa, or Liwā’, is an Arabic term meaning ensign, or banner.

New!!: Mosul and Liwa (Arabic) · See more »

Los Angeles Times

The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.

New!!: Mosul and Los Angeles Times · See more »

M1129 Mortar Carrier

The M1129 Mortar Carrier is an 8×8 wheeled armored mortar carrier of the Stryker family of combat vehicles produced by General Dynamics Land Systems.

New!!: Mosul and M1129 Mortar Carrier · See more »


Moses ben Maimon (Mōšeh bēn-Maymūn; موسى بن ميمون Mūsā bin Maymūn), commonly known as Maimonides (Μαϊμωνίδης Maïmōnídēs; Moses Maimonides), and also referred to by the acronym Rambam (for Rabbeinu Mōšeh bēn Maimun, "Our Rabbi Moses son of Maimon"), was a medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages.

New!!: Mosul and Maimonides · See more »


Mamluk (Arabic: مملوك mamlūk (singular), مماليك mamālīk (plural), meaning "property", also transliterated as mamlouk, mamluq, mamluke, mameluk, mameluke, mamaluke or marmeluke) is an Arabic designation for slaves.

New!!: Mosul and Mamluk · See more »


Mandaeans (aṣ-Ṣābi'a al-Mandā'iyūn) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to the alluvial plain of southern Mesopotamia and are followers of Mandaeism, a Gnostic religion.

New!!: Mosul and Mandaeans · See more »


Mandaeism or Mandaeanism (مندائية) is a gnostic religion with a strongly dualistic worldview.

New!!: Mosul and Mandaeism · See more »

Mandatory Iraq

The Kingdom of Iraq under British Administration, or Mandatory Iraq (الانتداب البريطاني على العراق), was created in 1921, following the 1920 Iraqi Revolt against the proposed British Mandate of Mesopotamia, and enacted via the 1922 Anglo-Iraqi Treaty.

New!!: Mosul and Mandatory Iraq · See more »

Mar Behnam Monastery

Monastery of the Martyrs Mar Behnam and Marth Sarah (ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܒܗܢܡ ܘܡܪܬ ܣܪܐ, دير مار بهنام, Mar Behnam Monastery), was a Syriac Catholic monastery in northern Iraq in the village Khidr Ilyas close to the town of Beth Khdeda.

New!!: Mosul and Mar Behnam Monastery · See more »

Mar Mattai monastery

Dayro d-Mor Mattai (ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܡܬܝ;The Monastery of St. Matthew, Arabic,دير مار متى) is located atop Mount Alfaf in northern Iraq and is 20 kilometers from Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and Mar Mattai monastery · See more »


Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.

New!!: Mosul and Marble · See more »

Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

New!!: Mosul and Mary, mother of Jesus · See more »


Mawdud ibn Altuntash (also spelled Maudud or Sharaf al-Dawla Mawdûd) (died October 2, 1113) was a Turkic military leader who was atabeg of Mosul from 1109 to 1113.

New!!: Mosul and Mawdud · See more »

Max Mallowan

Sir Max Edgar Lucien Mallowan, CBE (6 May 1904 – 19 August 1978) was a prominent British archaeologist, specialising in ancient Middle Eastern history.

New!!: Mosul and Max Mallowan · See more »


Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.

New!!: Mosul and Mecca · See more »


The Medes (Old Persian Māda-, Μῆδοι, מָדַי) were an ancient Iranian people who lived in an area known as Media (northwestern Iran) and who spoke the Median language. At around 1100 to 1000 BC, they inhabited the mountainous area of northwestern Iran and the northeastern and eastern region of Mesopotamia and located in the Hamadan (Ecbatana) region. Their emergence in Iran is thought to have occurred between 800 BC and 700 BC, and in the 7th century the whole of western Iran and some other territories were under Median rule. Its precise geographical extent remains unknown. A few archaeological sites (discovered in the "Median triangle" in western Iran) and textual sources (from contemporary Assyrians and also ancient Greeks in later centuries) provide a brief documentation of the history and culture of the Median state. Apart from a few personal names, the language of the Medes is unknown. The Medes had an ancient Iranian religion (a form of pre-Zoroastrian Mazdaism or Mithra worshipping) with a priesthood named as "Magi". Later during the reigns of the last Median kings, the reforms of Zoroaster spread into western Iran.

New!!: Mosul and Medes · See more »

Mediterranean Basin

In biogeography, the Mediterranean Basin (also known as the Mediterranean region or sometimes Mediterranea) is the region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, which supports characteristic Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub vegetation.

New!!: Mosul and Mediterranean Basin · See more »

Mediterranean climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.

New!!: Mosul and Mediterranean climate · See more »


Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

New!!: Mosul and Mesopotamia · See more »

Middle Assyrian Empire

The Middle Assyrian Empire is the period in the history of Assyria between the fall of the Old Assyrian Empire in the 14th century BC and the establishment of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the 10th century BC.

New!!: Mosul and Middle Assyrian Empire · See more »


Mihrab (محراب, pl. محاريب) is a semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla; that is, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca and hence the direction that Muslims should face when praying.

New!!: Mosul and Mihrab · See more »


A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

New!!: Mosul and Militia · See more »


Minaret (مناره, minarə, minare), from منارة, "lighthouse", also known as Goldaste (گلدسته), is a distinctive architectural structure akin to a tower and typically found adjacent to mosques.

New!!: Mosul and Minaret · See more »


A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).

New!!: Mosul and Monastery · See more »

Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

New!!: Mosul and Mongol Empire · See more »


The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

New!!: Mosul and Mongols · See more »


A mosque (from masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims.

New!!: Mosul and Mosque · See more »

Mosques and shrines of Mosul

The mosques and shrines of Mosul, Iraq are of varied ages, the oldest being the Umayyad Mosque from 640 AD.

New!!: Mosul and Mosques and shrines of Mosul · See more »

Mosul Dam

Mosul Dam (سد الموصل), formerly known as Saddam Dam (سد صدام), is the largest dam in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Mosul Dam · See more »

Mosul International Airport

Mosul International Airport is an airport located at Mosul, capital of Nineveh Governorate, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Mosul International Airport · See more »

Mosul Museum

The Mosul Museum is the second largest museum in Iraq after the National Museum of Iraq in Baghdad.

New!!: Mosul and Mosul Museum · See more »

Mosul Question

The Mosul Question was a territorial dispute in the early 20th century between Turkey and the United Kingdom (later Iraq) over the possession of the former Ottoman Mosul Vilayet.

New!!: Mosul and Mosul Question · See more »

Mosul Vilayet

The Mosul Vilayet (ولايت موصل, Vilâyet-i Musul) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Mosul Vilayet · See more »

Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Kundaj

Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Kundaj (محمد بن إسحاق بن كنداج) was a prominent general of the Abbasid Caliphate in the early 10th century.

New!!: Mosul and Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Kundaj · See more »

Munir Bashir

Munir Bashir, the King of Oud (منير بشير, ܡܘܢܝܪ ܒܫܝܪ) (1930 – September 28, 1997) was an Iraqi musician and one of the most famous musicians in the Middle East during the 20th century and was considered to be the supreme master of the Arab maqamat scale system.

New!!: Mosul and Munir Bashir · See more »

Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris

Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Museum of Decorative Arts), a museum of the decorative arts and design, located in the Palais du Louvre's western wing, known as the Pavillon de Marsan, at 107 rue de Rivoli, in the 1st arrondissement of Paris, France.

New!!: Mosul and Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris · See more »

Nasir al-Dawla

Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Abu'l-Hayja 'Abdallah ibn Hamdan al-Taghlibi (أبو محمد الحسن ابن أبو الهيجاء عبدالله ابن حمدان ناصر الدولة التغلبي; died 968 or 969), more commonly known simply by his laqab (honorific epithet) of Nasir al-Dawla ("Defender of the Dynasty"), was the second Hamdanid ruler of the Emirate of Mosul, encompassing most of the Jazira.

New!!: Mosul and Nasir al-Dawla · See more »

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is both a combat support agency under the United States Department of Defense and an intelligence agency of the United States Intelligence Community, with the primary mission of collecting, analyzing, and distributing geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in support of national security.

New!!: Mosul and National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency · See more »

Neo-Assyrian Empire

The Neo-Assyrian Empire was an Iron Age Mesopotamian empire, in existence between 911 and 609 BC, and became the largest empire of the world up till that time.

New!!: Mosul and Neo-Assyrian Empire · See more »


Nimrud (النمرود) is the name that Carsten NiebuhrNiebuhr wrote on:: "Bei Nimrud, einem verfallenen Castell etwa 8 Stunden von Mosul, findet man ein merkwürdigeres Werk.

New!!: Mosul and Nimrud · See more »

Ninawa campaign

The Ninawa campaign was a series of offensives and counter-attacks between insurgent and Coalition forces for control of the Ninawa Governorate in northern Iraq in early-to-mid-2008.

New!!: Mosul and Ninawa campaign · See more »


Nineveh (𒌷𒉌𒉡𒀀 URUNI.NU.A Ninua); ܢܝܼܢܘܹܐ was an ancient Assyrian city of Upper Mesopotamia, located on the outskirts of Mosul in modern-day northern Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Nineveh · See more »

Nineveh Governorate

Nineveh Governorate (محافظة نينوى) (ܗܘܦܲܪܟܝܵܐ ܕܢܝܼܢܘܹܐ) is a governorate in northern Iraq that contains the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh.

New!!: Mosul and Nineveh Governorate · See more »

Nineveh plains

Nineveh Plains (Pqatā d'Ninwe, and Modern Daštā d'Ninwe; Sahl Naynawā; Deşta Neynewa) is a region in Iraq's Nineveh Governorate to the north and east of the city Mosul, from which it is also known as the Plain of Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and Nineveh plains · See more »

Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014)

The Northern Iraq offensive began on 4 June 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL; sometimes referred to as the Islamic State (IS)) and aligned forces began a major offensive in northern Iraq against the Iraqi government, following earlier clashes that had begun in December 2013.

New!!: Mosul and Northern Iraq offensive (June 2014) · See more »

Nouri al-Maliki

Nouri Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki (نوري كامل محمد حسن المالكي.; born 20 June 1950), also known as Jawad al-Maliki (جواد المالكي) or Abu Esraa (أبو إسراء), is an Iraqi politician who was Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2014.

New!!: Mosul and Nouri al-Maliki · See more »

Nur ad-Din (died 1174)

Nūr ad-Dīn Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʿImād ad-Dīn Zengī (February 1118 – 15 May 1174), often shortened to his laqab Nur ad-Din (نور الدين, "Light of the Faith"), was a member of the Oghuz Turkish Zengid dynasty which ruled the Syrian province of the Seljuk Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Nur ad-Din (died 1174) · See more »

Occupied Enemy Territory Administration

The Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (OETA) was a joint British and French military administration over Levantine and Mesopotamian provinces of the former Ottoman Empire between 1918–20, set up following the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. The administration ended following the assignment of the French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon and British Mandate for Palestine at the 19–26 April 1920 San Remo conference.

New!!: Mosul and Occupied Enemy Territory Administration · See more »

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)) is a United Nations agency that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.

New!!: Mosul and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights · See more »


An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

New!!: Mosul and Oil · See more »

Old Assyrian Empire

The Old Assyrian Empire is one of four periods in which the history of Assyria is divided, the other three being the Early Assyrian Period, the Middle Assyrian Period, and the New Assyrian Period.

New!!: Mosul and Old Assyrian Empire · See more »

Old Testament

The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.

New!!: Mosul and Old Testament · See more »

Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

New!!: Mosul and Ottoman Empire · See more »

Ottoman Iraq

Ottoman Iraq refers to the period of the history of Iraq when the region was ruled by the Ottoman Empire (1534–1704 and 1831–1920).

New!!: Mosul and Ottoman Iraq · See more »

Ottoman Turks

The Ottoman Turks (or Osmanlı Turks, Osmanlı Türkleri) were the Turkish-speaking population of the Ottoman Empire who formed the base of the state's military and ruling classes.

New!!: Mosul and Ottoman Turks · See more »

Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–55)

The Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555 was one of the many military conflicts fought between the two arch rivals, the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent, and the Safavid Empire led by Tahmasp I.

New!!: Mosul and Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–55) · See more »

Parthian Empire

The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran and Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Parthian Empire · See more »


Pasha or Paşa (پاشا, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.

New!!: Mosul and Pasha · See more »

Paulos Faraj Rahho

Archbishop Mar Paulos Faraj Rahho (بولس فرج رحو,; ܦܘܠܘܣ ܦ̮ܪܔ ܪܚܘ,; 20 November 1942 – February or March 2008) was the Chaldean Catholic Archeparch of Mosul,.

New!!: Mosul and Paulos Faraj Rahho · See more »

Peace of Amasya

The Peace of Amasya (پیمان آماسیه ("Qarārdād-e Amasiyeh"); Amasya Antlaşması) was a treaty agreed to on May 29, 1555 between Shah Tahmasp of Safavid Iran and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire at the city of Amasya, following the Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555.

New!!: Mosul and Peace of Amasya · See more »

Persian Empire

The Persian Empire (شاهنشاهی ایران, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to any of a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th-century-BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

New!!: Mosul and Persian Empire · See more »

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

New!!: Mosul and Persian Gulf · See more »

Persian people

The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.

New!!: Mosul and Persian people · See more »


Peshmerga (lit, or Those who face death') are the military forces of the federal region of Iraqi Kurdistan.

New!!: Mosul and Peshmerga · See more »


Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

New!!: Mosul and Petroleum · See more »

Pope Benedict XIV

Pope Benedict XIV (Benedictus XIV; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, served as the Pope of the Catholic Church from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758.

New!!: Mosul and Pope Benedict XIV · See more »

Pope Pius IX

Pope Pius IX (Pio; 13 May 1792 – 7 February 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was head of the Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death on 7 February 1878.

New!!: Mosul and Pope Pius IX · See more »


A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries.

New!!: Mosul and Prelate · See more »


In religion, a prophet is an individual regarded as being in contact with a divine being and said to speak on that entity's behalf, serving as an intermediary with humanity by delivering messages or teachings from the supernatural source to other people.

New!!: Mosul and Prophet · See more »


A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.

New!!: Mosul and Province · See more »

Qasem Sultan Afshar

Qāsem Sultan Afshar or Qāsem Sultan Imānlū Afshar, was a Safavid military leader and official during the reign of king Abbas I (r. 1588–1629).

New!!: Mosul and Qasem Sultan Afshar · See more »

Qusay Hussein

Qusay Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti (or Qusai, قصي صدام حسين; –) was the second son of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

New!!: Mosul and Qusay Hussein · See more »

Rabban Hormizd Monastery

Rabban Hormizd Monastery is an important monastery of the Chaldean Catholic Church, founded about 640 AD, carved out in the mountains about 2 miles from Alqosh, Iraq, 28 miles north of Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and Rabban Hormizd Monastery · See more »

Rashidun Caliphate

The Rashidun Caliphate (اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلرَّاشِدَةُ) (632–661) was the first of the four major caliphates established after the death of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.

New!!: Mosul and Rashidun Caliphate · See more »

Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces

The reserve components of the United States Armed Forces are military organizations whose members generally perform a minimum of 39 days of military duty per year and who augment the active duty (or full-time) military when necessary.

New!!: Mosul and Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces · See more »

Romani people

The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.

New!!: Mosul and Romani people · See more »

Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

New!!: Mosul and Russian Empire · See more »

Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

New!!: Mosul and Saddam Hussein · See more »

Safavid dynasty

The Safavid dynasty (دودمان صفوی Dudmān e Safavi) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history.

New!!: Mosul and Safavid dynasty · See more »


The Sagartians (Sagartii; Σαγάρτιοι Sagártioi; Old Persian: Asagartiya "Sagartian"; Elamite: Aš-ša-kar-ti-ia, Babylonian: KURSa-ga-ar-ta-a-a) were an ancient Iranian tribe, dwelling in the Iranian plateau.

New!!: Mosul and Sagartians · See more »


An-Nasir Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب / ALA-LC: Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb; سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی / ALA-LC: Selahedînê Eyûbî), known as Salah ad-Din or Saladin (11374 March 1193), was the first sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

New!!: Mosul and Saladin · See more »

Salafi movement

The Salafi movement or Salafist movement or Salafism is a reform branch or revivalist movement within Sunni Islam that developed in Egypt in the late 19th century as a response to European imperialism.

New!!: Mosul and Salafi movement · See more »

Salah al-Din al-Sabbagh

Salah al-Din al-Sabbagh (Arabic: صلاح الدين الصباغ; l889 – 1945) was an Iraqi Army officer and Arab nationalist that led the Golden Square group which had opposed the government at the time and had highly influenced politics between the years of 1939 and 1941.

New!!: Mosul and Salah al-Din al-Sabbagh · See more »

Samanid Empire

The Samanid Empire (سامانیان, Sāmāniyān), also known as the Samanian Empire, Samanid dynasty, Samanid Emirate, or simply Samanids, was a Sunni Iranian empire, ruling from 819 to 999.

New!!: Mosul and Samanid Empire · See more »

Sargon II

Sargon II (Assyrian Šarru-ukīn (LUGAL-GI.NA 𒈗𒄀𒈾).; Aramaic סרגן; reigned 722–705 BC) was an Assyrian king.

New!!: Mosul and Sargon II · See more »

Sasanian Empire

The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.

New!!: Mosul and Sasanian Empire · See more »

Sayyar Jamil

Sayyar al Jamil (سيار الجميل.) is a Research Professor at the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies in Doha, Qatar.

New!!: Mosul and Sayyar Jamil · See more »


A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.

New!!: Mosul and School · See more »


or Scyths (from Greek Σκύθαι, in Indo-Persian context also Saka), were a group of Iranian people, known as the Eurasian nomads, who inhabited the western and central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC.

New!!: Mosul and Scythians · See more »

Second Vatican Council

The Second Vatican Council, fully the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican and informally known as addressed relations between the Catholic Church and the modern world.

New!!: Mosul and Second Vatican Council · See more »


Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.

New!!: Mosul and Sectarianism · See more »

Seleucid Empire

The Seleucid Empire (Βασιλεία τῶν Σελευκιδῶν, Basileía tōn Seleukidōn) was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; Seleucus I Nicator founded it following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great.

New!!: Mosul and Seleucid Empire · See more »

Seljuk Empire

The Seljuk Empire (also spelled Seljuq) (آل سلجوق) was a medieval Turko-Persian Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qiniq branch of Oghuz Turks.

New!!: Mosul and Seljuk Empire · See more »

Semi-arid climate

A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.

New!!: Mosul and Semi-arid climate · See more »


Sennacherib was the king of Assyria from 705 BCE to 681 BCE.

New!!: Mosul and Sennacherib · See more »


Seth (translit;; "placed", "appointed"; Σήθ), in Judaism, Christianity, Mandaeism, and Islam, was the third son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel, who were the only other of their children mentioned by name in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).

New!!: Mosul and Seth · See more »

Shabak people

The Shabak people (الشبك, شەبەک) are a group in Iraq, who speak Shabaki, a Northwestern Iranian language of the Kurdish Zaza–Gorani group.

New!!: Mosul and Shabak people · See more »

Shabaki dialect

Shabaki is a dialect of the Indo-Iranian language Gorani spoken by the Shabak people in Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Shabaki dialect · See more »


Shabakism is the name given to the beliefs and practices of the Shabak people of Kurdistan region and around Mosul in Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Shabakism · See more »

Shalmaneser III

Shalmaneser III (Šulmānu-ašurēdu, "the god Shulmanu is pre-eminent" Sulmanu being an asuredu or divinity) was king of Assyria (859–824 BC), and son of the previous ruler, Ashurnasirpal II.

New!!: Mosul and Shalmaneser III · See more »

Shalmaneser V

Shalmaneser V was king of Assyria from 727 to 722 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Shalmaneser V · See more »

Shamshi-Adad I

Shamshi-Adad I (Šamši-Adad I; Amorite: Shamshi-Addu I; fl. c. 1809 BC – c. 1776 BC by the middle chronology) was an Amorite who had conquered lands across much of Syria, Anatolia, and Upper Mesopotamia for the Old Assyrian Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Shamshi-Adad I · See more »

Shia Islam

Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.

New!!: Mosul and Shia Islam · See more »


Sinsharishkun (Sin-shar-ishkun; Sîn-šarru-iškun, c. 627 – 612 BC), who seems to have been the Saràkos (Saracus) of Berossus, was one of the last kings of the Assyrian empire, followed only by Ashur-uballit II.

New!!: Mosul and Sinsharishkun · See more »

Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.

New!!: Mosul and Special forces · See more »


The IAV (Interim Armored Vehicle) Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled armored fighting vehicles derived from the Canadian LAV III and based on the Swiss Piranha III 8×8.

New!!: Mosul and Stryker · See more »

Suez Canal

thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

New!!: Mosul and Suez Canal · See more »


Sufism, or Taṣawwuf (personal noun: ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, mutaṣawwuf), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism",Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.15 "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam",Massington, L., Radtke, B., Chittick, W. C., Jong, F. de, Lewisohn, L., Zarcone, Th., Ernst, C, Aubin, Françoise and J.O. Hunwick, “Taṣawwuf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by: P. Bearman, Th.

New!!: Mosul and Sufism · See more »

Suicide attack

A suicide attack is any violent attack in which the attacker expects their own death as a direct result of the method used to harm, damage or destroy the target.

New!!: Mosul and Suicide attack · See more »

Suleiman the Magnificent


New!!: Mosul and Suleiman the Magnificent · See more »

Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

New!!: Mosul and Sulfur dioxide · See more »


Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.

New!!: Mosul and Sultan · See more »

Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.

New!!: Mosul and Sunni Islam · See more »


Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

New!!: Mosul and Syria · See more »

Syriac Catholic Church

The Syriac Catholic Church (or Syrian Catholic Church) (ʿĪṯo Suryoyṯo Qaṯolīqayṯo), (also known as Syriac Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch or Aramean Catholic Church), is an Eastern Catholic Christian Church in the Levant that uses the West Syriac Rite liturgy and has many practices and rites in common with the Syriac Orthodox Church.

New!!: Mosul and Syriac Catholic Church · See more »

Syriac language

Syriac (ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ), also known as Syriac Aramaic or Classical Syriac, is a dialect of Middle Aramaic.

New!!: Mosul and Syriac language · See more »

Syriac Orthodox Church

The Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch (ʿĪṯo Suryoyṯo Trišaṯ Šubḥo; الكنيسة السريانية الأرثوذكسية), or Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East, is an Oriental Orthodox Church with autocephalous patriarchate established in Antioch in 518, tracing its founding to St. Peter and St. Paul in the 1st century, according to its tradition.

New!!: Mosul and Syriac Orthodox Church · See more »

Taha Yassin Ramadan

Taha Yasin Ramadan al-Jizrawi (طه ياسين رمضان الجزراوي; 1938 – 20 March 2007) was a prominent Iraqi Kurd, serving as one of the two Vice Presidents of Iraq from March 1991 to the fall of Saddam Hussein in April 2003.

New!!: Mosul and Taha Yassin Ramadan · See more »


A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

New!!: Mosul and Tariff · See more »

Tariq Aziz

Tariq Aziz (طارق عزيز, born Mikhail Yuhanna, ܡܝܟܐܝܠ ܝܘܚܢܢ, ميخائيل يوحنا, baptized Manuel Christo; 28 April 1936 – 5 June 2015) was Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister (1979–2003) and Foreign Minister (1983–1991) and a close advisor of President Saddam Hussein.

New!!: Mosul and Tariq Aziz · See more »

Tel Keppe

Tel Keppe (also spelled Tel Kaif) (ܬܸܠ ܟܹܐܦܹܐ, تل كيف), is an Assyrian town in northern Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and Tel Keppe · See more »

The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

New!!: Mosul and The Daily Telegraph · See more »

The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.

New!!: Mosul and The Economist · See more »

The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

New!!: Mosul and The Guardian · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Mosul and The New York Times · See more »

The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.

New!!: Mosul and The Pentagon · See more »

Tiglath-Pileser III

Tiglath-Pileser III (cuneiform: TUKUL.TI.A.É.ŠÁR.RA; Akkadian: Tukultī-apil-Ešarra, "my trust is in the son of the Ešarra") was a prominent king of Assyria in the eighth century BCE (ruled 745–727 BCE) who introduced advanced civil, military, and political systems into the Neo-Assyrian Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Tiglath-Pileser III · See more »


Batman River The Tigris (Sumerian: Idigna or Idigina; Akkadian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼; دجلة Dijlah; ܕܹܩܠܵܬ.; Տիգրիս Tigris; Դգլաթ Dglatʿ;, biblical Hiddekel) is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates.

New!!: Mosul and Tigris · See more »


Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.

New!!: Mosul and Timur · See more »


A tomb (from τύμβος tumbos) is a repository for the remains of the dead.

New!!: Mosul and Tomb · See more »

Treaty of Lausanne

The Treaty of Lausanne (Traité de Lausanne) was a peace treaty signed in the Palais de Rumine, Lausanne, Switzerland, on 24 July 1923.

New!!: Mosul and Treaty of Lausanne · See more »

Treaty of Zuhab

The Treaty of Zuhab (عهدنامه زهاب), also called Treaty of Qasr-e Shirin (Kasr-ı Şirin Antlaşması), was an accord signed between the Safavid Empire and the Ottoman Empire on May 17, 1639.

New!!: Mosul and Treaty of Zuhab · See more »

Tukulti-Ninurta II

Tukulti-Ninurta II was King of Assyria from 891 BC to 884 BC.

New!!: Mosul and Tukulti-Ninurta II · See more »


Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

New!!: Mosul and Turkey · See more »

Turkish people

Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.

New!!: Mosul and Turkish people · See more »


The Turkmens (Türkmenler, Түркменлер, IPA) are a nation and Turkic ethnic group native to Central Asia, primarily the Turkmen nation state of Turkmenistan.

New!!: Mosul and Turkmens · See more »

Uday Hussein

Uday Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti (عُدي صدّام حُسين) (18 June 1964 – 22 July 2003) was the eldest son of Saddam Hussein by his first wife, Sajida Talfah, and the brother of Qusay Hussein.

New!!: Mosul and Uday Hussein · See more »


Umar, also spelled Omar (عمر بن الخطاب, "Umar, Son of Al-Khattab"; c. 584 CE 3 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history.

New!!: Mosul and Umar · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Mosul and United Kingdom · See more »

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

New!!: Mosul and United Nations · See more »

United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq

The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) was formed by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1500 on 14 August 2003 and supports national development efforts on political, electoral, and humanitarian levels throughout Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq · See more »

United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: Mosul and United States Army · See more »

United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

New!!: Mosul and United States dollar · See more »

University of Mosul

The University of Mosul is a public university located in Mosul.

New!!: Mosul and University of Mosul · See more »

Upper Mesopotamia

Upper Mesopotamia is the name used for the uplands and great outwash plain of northwestern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey, in the northern Middle East.

New!!: Mosul and Upper Mesopotamia · See more »

Uqaylid dynasty

The 'Uqailids or 'Uqaylid dynasty was a Shi'a Arab dynasty with several lines that ruled in various parts of Al-Jazira, northern Syria and Iraq in the late tenth and eleventh centuries.

New!!: Mosul and Uqaylid dynasty · See more »

Urban guerrilla warfare

An urban guerrilla is someone who fights a government using unconventional warfare or domestic terrorism in an urban environment.

New!!: Mosul and Urban guerrilla warfare · See more »


UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03.

New!!: Mosul and UTC+03:00 · See more »

Vian Dakhil

Vian Dakhil (born 1971 in Mossoul) is a current member of the Iraqi parliament.

New!!: Mosul and Vian Dakhil · See more »


The Vilayets of the Ottoman Empire were the first-order administrative division, or provinces, of the later empire, introduced with the promulgation of the Vilayet Law (Teşkil-i Vilayet Nizamnamesi) of 21 January 1867.

New!!: Mosul and Vilayet · See more »


A wilayah (ولاية; Urdu and ولایت; vilayet) is an administrative division, usually translated as "state", "province", or occasionally as "governorate".

New!!: Mosul and Wilayah · See more »

World Meteorological Organization

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.

New!!: Mosul and World Meteorological Organization · See more »

World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

New!!: Mosul and World War I · See more »


Xenophon of Athens (Ξενοφῶν,, Xenophōn; – 354 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates.

New!!: Mosul and Xenophon · See more »


The Yarsan or Ahl-e Haqq (Kurdish:, Yarsan, اهل حق Ahl-e Haqq "People of Truth"), is a syncretic religion founded by Sultan Sahak in the late 14th century in western Iran.

New!!: Mosul and Yarsanism · See more »


The Yazidis, or Yezidis (Êzidî), are a Kurdish-speaking people, indigenous to a region of northern Mesopotamia (known natively as Ezidkhan) who are strictly endogamous.

New!!: Mosul and Yazidis · See more »

Zaha Hadid

Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect.

New!!: Mosul and Zaha Hadid · See more »

Zengid dynasty

The Zengid or Zangid dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Oghuz Turk origin, which ruled parts of the Levant and Upper Mesopotamia on behalf of the Seljuk Empire.

New!!: Mosul and Zengid dynasty · See more »

101st Airborne Division

The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.

New!!: Mosul and 101st Airborne Division · See more »

2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).

New!!: Mosul and 2003 invasion of Iraq · See more »

2004 Mosul bombings

The 24 June 2004 Mosul bombings were a series of coordinated car bomb attacks in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, where five car bombs targeted police stations and a city hospital killing at least 62 and injuring at least 220 people, many of them Iraqi policemen.

New!!: Mosul and 2004 Mosul bombings · See more »

2008 attacks on Christians in Mosul

2008 attacks on Christians in Mosul was a series of attacks which targeted the Christians in Mosul, Iraq.

New!!: Mosul and 2008 attacks on Christians in Mosul · See more »

25th Infantry Division (United States)

The 25th Infantry Division (nicknamed "Tropic Lightning") is a United States Army division based at Schofield Barracks in Hawaii.

New!!: Mosul and 25th Infantry Division (United States) · See more »

2nd Infantry Division (United States)

The 2nd Infantry Division ("Indianhead"; "2ID," "2nd ID", or "Second D") is a formation of the United States Army.

New!!: Mosul and 2nd Infantry Division (United States) · See more »

Redirects here:

Al-Mawṣil, Al-Mosul, Al-Mōṣul, El-Mōṣul, History of Mosul, Maslawi, Mawsil, Moslawi, Mossoul, Mossul, Mosul, Iraq, Mosulawi, Mousl, Moussoul, Mozul, Mussal, Iraq, Mûsil, Ninaweh, Nînwe, الموصل, ܢܝܢܘܐ.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosul

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »