311 relations: African Americans, African-American businesses, Ain't Too Proud to Beg, Andre Harrell, Anna Gordy Gaye, Anna Records, Another Bad Creation, Answer song, Artisan Entertainment, Artists and repertoire, Ashford & Simpson, Atlantic Records, Bad Girl (The Miracles song), Barrett Strong, Beat (music), Bell Biv DeVoe, Benny Benjamin, Berry Gordy, Billboard (magazine), Billboard Hot 100, Billie Holiday, Biv 10 Records, Blaze Records, Blues, Bob Babbitt, Boston–Edison Historic District, Boyz II Men, Brian Holland, Brian McKnight, Call and response (music), Capitol Music Group, Capitol Records, Capitol Records Building, Carl Bean, Charlene (singer), Charlie Gillett, Chess Records, Chicago, Chitlin' Circuit, Cholly Atkins, Chord (music), Chris Clark (singer), Cocoa Tea, Come to Me (Marv Johnson song), Commodores, Country music, Creed Taylor, Crossover music, CTI Records, David Ruffin, ..., Dazz Band, De Passe Entertainment, DeBarge, Debbie Reynolds, Detroit, Diana Ross, Diana!, Dirty Dancing, Documentary film, Dorsey Burnette, Drake Bell, Duke Jupiter, Dusty Springfield, Earl Van Dyke, Earl Washington (musician), Eddie "Bongo" Brown, Eddie Holland, Eddie Willis, Edwin Starr, Eivets Rednow, Elaine Brown, Elektra Records, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, EMI, End Records, Erykah Badu, Esther Gordy Edwards, Ethiopia Habtemariam, Ewart Abner, Fingertips, Fizzy Qwick, Foley (musician), Fontana Records, Forever the Sickest Kids, Four Tops, Four Year Strong, Frank Wilson (musician), G. C. Cameron, Gary Byrd and the GB Experience, George Goldner, George Jackson (producer), Get a Job (song), Gil Askey, Gladys Knight & the Pips, Gloria Jones, Goin' Back to Indiana, Golden World Records, Gordy family, Gospel music, Graystone Ballroom, Grover Washington Jr., Gwen Gordy Fuqua, Harvey Fuqua, HighBeam Research, Hip hop music, Hitsville U.S.A., Holland–Dozier–Holland, Hugh Masekela, I Have a Dream, I Heard It Through the Grapevine, I Second That Emotion, I Was Born This Way, I've Never Been to Me, Index finger, India Arie, Innervisions, Interstate 75 in Michigan, Jack Ashford, Jackie Wilson, James Jamerson, Jazz, Jheryl Busby, Jimmy Ruffin, Joe Hunter (musician), Joe Messina, Johnny Bristol, Johnny Gill, Johnny Griffith (musician), Jon Landau, José Feliciano, Jud Strunk, Judas Priest, Junior Walker, Kedar Massenburg, Kiki Dee, KISS principle, Lady Sings the Blues (film), Lamont Dozier, Langston Hughes, Let's Get It On, Lionel Richie, List of buildings located along Woodward Avenue, Detroit, Liz Lands, London Records, Lonely Teardrops, Los Angeles, Love Sculpture, Mable John, Mahogany (film), Manticore Records, Margaret Danner, Martha and the Vandellas, Martha Reeves, Martin Luther King Jr., Marv Johnson, Marvin Gaye, Mary Jane Girls, Mary Wells, Maxine Powell, MCA Inc., MCA Records, Meat Loaf, Melanie Fiona, Melisma, Melody, Melodyland Christian Center, Mercury Records, Michael Bivins, Michael Jackson, Michael McDonald (musician), Michigan, Mike Curb, Miracle Records, Money (That's What I Want), Motortown Revue, Motown, Motown Chartbusters, Motown discography, Music of Detroit, Music of Latin America, Music of My Mind, My Guy, Nashville, Tennessee, Ne-Yo, New Edition, New wave music, New York City, News World Communications, NME, Norman Brown (guitarist), Norman Connors, Norman Whitfield, Northern soul, Oriole Records (UK), Pam Sawyer, Pat Boone, Payola, Pete Waterman, Please Mr. Postman, PolyGram, Polytechnic (United Kingdom), Popular music, Portmanteau, Pretty Things, Progressive rock, R. Dean Taylor, Racial integration, Rare Earth (band), RCA Records, Record chart, Ric-Tic Records, Richard "Pistol" Allen, Rick James, Robert White (guitarist), Ronnie Dove, Rottin Razkals, Rottin ta da Core, Rustix, Ryan Leslie, Sad Wings of Destiny, Sammy Davis Jr., Santa Monica, California, Scott Joplin (film), Scotty McCreery, Seagram, Shaun Murphy (singer), Shop Around, Shorty Long, Sisters Love, Smokey Robinson, Sony Music, Soul music, Spanish language, Spike Jones, Spoken word, Spooky Tooth, Standing in the Shadows of Motown, Stateside Records, Stax Records, Stevie Wonder, Stokely Carmichael, Stoney & Meatloaf, Stop! In the Name of Love, Sue Records, Super Bowl XL, Suzanne de Passe, Switch (band), Sylvia Rhone, Syreeta Wright, T. G. Sheppard, Tabu Records, Talking Book, Tambourine, Tammy (song), Tammy and the Bachelor, TCB (TV program), Teena Marie, Tha Mexakinz, Thank God It's Friday (film), The Bomb Squad, The Cats, The Contours, The Elgins, The Fantastic Four (band), The Foundations, The Four Seasons (band), The Funk Brothers, The Independent, The Island Def Jam Music Group, The Jackson 5, The Last Dragon, The Marvelettes, The Miracles, The Monitors (American band), The Originals (band), The Spinners (American R&B group), The Supremes, The Temptations, The Velvelettes, The Velvet Underground, The Washington Times, The Wiz (film), Toe Fat, Tom Clay, Trademark, United Artists Records, United States, Universal Motown Records, Universal Motown Republic Group, Universal Music Enterprises, Universal Music Group, Universal Music Group Nashville, Universal Records (defunct record label), Up the Ladder to the Roof, Uptown Records, Uriel Jones, Vee-Jay Records, Verve Records, Virgin EMI Records, We Shall Overcome, What's Going On (Marvin Gaye album), What's Going On (Marvin Gaye song), Where Did Our Love Go, Who's Lovin' You, Why (Must We Fall in Love), William "Mickey" Stevenson, William Weatherspoon, Zig Zag (Tha Mexakinz album), 1967 Detroit riot, 702 (group), 98 Degrees. 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African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
African-American businesses, also known as black-owned businesses or black businesses, originated in the days of slavery before 1865.
"Ain't Too Proud to Beg" is a 1966 song and hit single by the Temptations for Motown Records' Gordy label, produced by Norman Whitfield and written by Whitfield and Edward Holland, Jr. The song peaked at number 13 on the Billboard Pop Chart, and was a number-one hit on the Billboard R&B charts for eight non-consecutive weeks. The song's success, in the wake of the relative underperformance of the previous Temptations single, "Get Ready", resulted in Norman Whitfield replacing Smokey Robinson, producer of "Get Ready", as The Temptations' main producer. In 2004 it finished #94 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs poll thanks to its inclusion in The Big Chill soundtrack.
Andre Harrell (born September 26, 1960 in The Bronx, New York) is the founder of the record label, Uptown Records.
Anna Ruby Gaye (née Gordy; January 28, 1922 – January 31, 2014) was an American businesswoman, composer and songwriter.
Anna Records was a short-lived record label, known as a forerunner of Motown, founded by sisters Anna and Gwen Gordy and Roquel Billy Davis in 1959 and located in Detroit, Michigan.
Another Bad Creation (sometimes called ABC for short).
An answer song, response song or answer record, is, as the name suggests, a song (usually a recorded track) made in answer to a previous song, normally by another artist.
Artisan Entertainment (formerly known as U.S.A. Home Video, International Video Entertainment (IVE) and LIVE Entertainment) was an American film studio and home video company.
Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters.
Ashford & Simpson were a husband-and-wife songwriting-production team and recording duo of Nickolas Ashford (May 4, 1941 – August 22, 2011) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946).
Atlantic Recording Corporation (simply known as Atlantic Records) is an American major record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
"Bad Girl" is a 1959 doo-wop single by The Miracles.
Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941) is an American singer and songwriter.
In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).
Bell Biv DeVoe, also known as BBD, is an American music group that branched off from New Edition.
William "Benny" Benjamin (July 25, 1925 – April 20, 1969), nicknamed Papa Zita, was an American musician, most notable as the primary drummer for the Motown studio band known as The Funk Brothers.
Berry Gordy III (known professionally as Berry Gordy Jr., born November 28, 1929) is an American record executive, record producer, songwriter, film producer and television producer.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.
Biv 10 Records was founded by Michael Bivins in 1992, through a joint venture with Motown Records.
Blaze Records was a record label founded by former Atlantic Records president Herb Abramson.
Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.
Bob Babbitt (born Robert Kreinar; November 26, 1937 – July 16, 2012) was a Hungarian-American bassist, most famous for his work as a member of Motown Records' studio band, the Funk Brothers, from 1966 to 1972, as well as his tenure as part of MFSB for Philadelphia International Records afterwards.
The Boston–Edison Historic District is a historic neighborhood located in the geographic center of Detroit, Michigan.
Boyz II Men is an American R&B vocal group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, best known for emotional ballads and a cappella harmonies.
Brian Holland (born February 15, 1941) is an American songwriter and record producer, best known as a member of Holland–Dozier–Holland, the songwriting and production team that was responsible for much of the Motown sound and numerous hit records by artists such as Martha and the Vandellas, The Supremes, The Four Tops, and The Isley Brothers.
Brian McKnight (born June 5, 1969) is an American R&B singer-songwriter, arranger, producer, and musician.
In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually written in different parts of the music, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or in response to the first.
Capitol Music Group (abbreviated as CMG) is an American front line umbrella label owned by the Universal Music Group (UMG).
Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint.
The Capitol Records Building, also known as the Capitol Records Tower, is a Hollywood Boulevard Commercial and Entertainment District building that is located in Hollywood, Los Angeles.
Carl Bean (born 1944) is the founding prelate of the Unity Fellowship Church Movement, a liberal protestant denomination that is particularly welcoming of lesbians, gay and bisexual African Americans.
Charlene Marilynn D'Angelo Duncan Oliver (born June 1, 1950, Hollywood, California) is an American easy-listening and R&B singer more commonly called Charlene. She is known mainly for her 1982 popular song "I've Never Been to Me.".
Charles Thomas Gillett (20 February 1942 – 17 March 2010) was a British radio presenter, musicologist and writer, mainly on rock and roll and other forms of popular music.
Chess Records was an American record company, founded in 1950 in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The "Chitlin Circuit" is a collection of performance venues throughout the eastern, southern, and upper midwest areas of the United States that were safe and acceptable for African American musicians, comedians, and other entertainers to perform in during the era of racial segregation in the United States (from at least the early 19th century through the 1960s).
Charles "Cholly" Atkins (September 30, 1913 – April 19, 2003) was an American dancer and vaudeville performer, who later became noted as the house choreographer for the various artists on the Motown label.
A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.
Christine Elizabeth "Chris" Clark (born February 1, 1946) is an American soul, jazz, and blues singer, who recorded for Motown Records.
Calvin George Scott (born 3 September 1959), better known as Cocoa Tea, is a Jamaican reggae/dancehall singer, songwriter, and DJ.
"Come to Me" is the debut single by American singer Marv Johnson.
Commodores are an American funk/soul band, which was at its peak in the late 1970s through the mid 1980s.
Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.
Creed Taylor (born May 13, 1929) is an American record producer, best known for his work with CTI Records, which he founded in 1968.
Crossover is a term applied to musical works or performers who appeal to different types of audience, for example (especially in the United States) by appearing on two or more of the record charts which track differing musical styles or genres.
CTI Records (Creed Taylor Incorporated) is a jazz record label founded in 1967 by producer/A&R manager Creed Taylor.
David Eli Ruffin (born Davis Eli Ruffin, January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer and musician most famous for his work as one of the lead singers of The Temptations (1964–68) during the group's "Classic Five" period as it was later known.
The Dazz Band is an American R&B, funk band whose popularity exploded in the early 1980s.
de Passe Entertainment is an American film and television production company run by entertainment executive Suzanne de Passe.
DeBarge was an American musical recording group composed of several members of the DeBarge family, a family of musical talent often compared to the Jackson family.
Mary Frances "Debbie" Reynolds (April 1, 1932 – December 28, 2016) was an American actress, singer, businesswoman, film historian, humanitarian, and mother of the actress and writer Carrie Fisher.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Diana Ernestine Ross (born March 26, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and record producer.
Diana! is the first solo television special of American singer Diana Ross and aired on ABC on April 18, 1971.
Dirty Dancing is a 1987 American romantic drama dance film written by Eleanor Bergstein, directed by Emile Ardolino and starring Patrick Swayze and Jennifer Grey in the lead roles, and featuring Cynthia Rhodes and Jerry Orbach.
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record.
Dorsey Burnette (December 28, 1932 – August 19, 1979) was an American early rockabilly singer.
Jared Drake Bell (born June 27, 1986) is an American actor, voice actor, and musician.
Duke Jupiter is an American rock band which originated in Rochester, New York.
Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien (16 April 1939 – 2 March 1999), professionally known as Dusty Springfield, was an English pop singer and record producer whose career extended from the late 1950s to the 1990s.
Earl Van Dyke (July 8, 1930 – September 18, 1992) was an African American soul musician, most notable as the main keyboardist for Motown Records' in-house Funk Brothers band during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Earl "The Ghost" Washington (April 3, 1921 in Chicago, Illinois – June 18, 1975 in Evergreen Park, Illinois) was a jazz pianist.
Eddie "Bongo" Brown (September 13, 1932 – December 28, 1984) was an African-American musician.
Edward "Eddie" Holland Jr. (born October 30, 1939) is an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Eddie "Chank" Willis (born June 3, 1936, Grenada, Mississippi, United States) is an African-American soul musician.
Edwin Starr (born Charles Edwin Hatcher; January 21, 1942April 2, 2003) was an American singer and songwriter.
Eivets Rednow is an easy listening instrumental album by Stevie Wonder released on the Gordy Records label in 1968.
Elaine Brown (born March 2, 1943) is an American prison activist, writer, singer, and former Black Panther Party chairwoman who is based in Oakland, California.
Elektra Records is an American major record label owned by Warner Music Group, founded in 1950 by Jac Holzman and Paul Rickolt.
Emerson, Lake & Palmer (ELP) were an English progressive rock supergroup formed in London in 1970.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.
End Records was a record label founded in 1957 by George Goldner.
Erica Abi Wright (born February 26, 1971), known professionally as Erykah Badu, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, disc jockey, activist, and actress.
Esther Gordy Edwards (April 25, 1920 – August 24, 2011) was a staff member and associate of her younger brother Berry Gordy's Motown label during the 1960s.
Ethiopia Habtemariam is a music industry executive.
Edward Gladstone "Ewart" Abner, Jr. (May 11, 1923 – December 27, 1997) was an American record company executive.
"Fingertips" is a 1963 hit single recorded live by "Little" Stevie Wonder for Motown's then Tamla label.
Fizzy Qwick (born February 9, 1953) is an American singer and songwriter who has recorded in various musical styles ranging from R&B to new wave.
Joseph McCreary, Jr., known professionally as Foley, is an American composer, musician, and photographer who is best known as the "lead bassist" with trumpeter Miles Davis from 1987 until 1991.
Fontana Records is a record label which was started in the 1950s as a subsidiary of the Dutch Philips Records.
Forever the Sickest Kids (sometimes abbreviated as FTSK) is an American pop punk band from Dallas, Texas.
The Four Tops are a vocal quartet from Detroit, Michigan, USA, who helped to define the city's Motown sound of the 1960s.
Four Year Strong is an American pop punk band from Worcester, Massachusetts, formed in 2001.
Frank Edward Wilson (December 5, 1940 – September 27, 2012) was an American songwriter, singer and record producer for Motown Records.
George Curtis "G.C." Cameron (born September 21, 1945, in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer.
Gary Byrd and the GB Experience was an American male/female vocal/instrumental group.
George Goldner (February 9, 1918 – April 15, 1970) was an American record label owner, record producer and promoter who played an important role in establishing the popularity of rock and roll in the 1950s, by recording and promoting many groups and records that appealed to young people across racial boundaries.
George Jackson (January 6, 1958 – February 10, 2000) was a film director and producer.
"Get a Job" is a song by the Silhouettes released in November 1957.
Gilbert Askey (March 9, 1925 – April 9, 2014) was an American jazz trumpeter, composer, producer and musical director who was born in Austin, Texas, and emigrated to Australia in 1988.
Gladys Knight & the Pips were an R&B/soul family musical act from Atlanta, Georgia that remained active on the music charts and performing circuit for three decades.
Gloria Richetta Jones (born October 19, 1945) is an American singer-songwriter from Los Angeles, California.
Goin' Back to Indiana was a live/soundtrack album by The Jackson 5 for Motown Records, taken from their September 16, 1971 ABC TV special of the same name.
Golden World Records was a record label owned by Ed Wingate and Joanne Bratton (née Jackson, former wife of boxing champion Johnny Bratton).
The Gordys are an African-American family of businesspeople and music industry executives.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
The Graystone Ballroom was a dance hall located at 4237 Woodward Avenue in Detroit, Michigan, United States.
Grover Washington Jr. (December 12, 1943 – December 17, 1999) was an American jazz-funk / soul-jazz saxophonist.
Gwen Fuqua (born Gwendolyn Gordy; November 26, 1927 – November 8, 1999) was an American businesswoman, songwriter and composer, most notably writing hit songs such as "Lonely Teardrops", "All I Could Do Was Cry" and "Distant Lover".
Harvey Fuqua (July 27, 1929 – July 6, 2010) was an American rhythm-and-blues singer, songwriter, record producer, and record label executive.
HighBeam Research is a paid search engine and full text online archive owned by Gale, a subsidiary Cengage, for thousands of newspapers, magazines, academic journals, newswires, trade magazines, and encyclopedias in English.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
"Hitsville U.S.A." is the nickname given to Motown's first headquarters.
Holland–Dozier–Holland was a songwriting and production team made up of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian and Eddie Holland.
Hugh Ramapolo Masekela (4 April 1939 – 23 January 2018) was a South African trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer and singer.
"I Have a Dream" is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States and called for civil and economic rights.
"I Heard It Through the Grapevine" is a song written by Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong for Motown Records in 1966.
"I Second That Emotion" is a 1967 song written by Smokey Robinson and Al Cleveland.
"I Was Born This Way" is a disco song by Valentino, released in 1975, then by Carl Bean in 1977 (both artists for Motown).
"I've Never Been to Me" is a ballad, written and composed by Ron Miller and Kenneth Hirsch, which is best known via a recording by American pop singer Charlene.
The index finger (also referred to as forefinger, first finger, pointer finger, trigger finger, digitus secundus, digitus II, and many other terms), is the first finger and the second digit of a human hand.
India Arie Simpson (born October 3, 1975), best known as India.Arie (sometimes styled as india.arie) is an American singer-songwriter, actress, musician, and record producer.
Innervisions is the 16th studio album by American musician Stevie Wonder, released August 3, 1973, on the Tamla label for Motown Records, a landmark recording of his "classic period".
Interstate 75 (I-75) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Miami, Florida, to Sault Ste. Marie in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Jack Ashford (born May 18, 1934), known to his friends as Jashford, is an American musician widely known as the percussionist for Motown Records' in-house Funk Brothers band during the 1960s and early 1970s.
Jack Leroy "Jackie" Wilson Jr. (June 9, 1934 – January 21, 1984) was an American soul singer and performer.
James Lee Jamerson (January 29, 1936 – August 2, 1983) was an American bass player.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jheryl Busby (May 5, 1949 – November 4, 2008) was an American recording company executive who was the former President and Chief Executive Officer of Motown Records.
James Lee RuffinRibowsky, Mark (2010), Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Troubled Lives and Enduring Soul of the Temptations, Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, p. 89.
Joseph Edward Hunter (November 19, 1927 – February 2, 2007) was an African-American musician and keyboardist, known for his recording session work as a pianist in Motown Records' in-house studio band, the Funk Brothers.
Joe Messina (born December 13, 1928 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American guitarist.
John William Bristol (February 3, 1939 – March 21, 2004) was an American musician, most famous as a songwriter and record producer for the Motown label in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Johnny Gill Jr. (born May 22, 1966), also known as J.G., J. Skillz and Johnny G, is an American singer-songwriter and actor.
John Ellis "Johnny" Griffith Jr. (July 10, 1936 – November 10, 2002) was an African-American musician.
Jon Landau (born May 14, 1947) is an American music critic, manager, and record producer.
José Monserrate Feliciano García (born September 10, 1945), better known simply as José Feliciano, is a Puerto Rican guitarist, singer, and songwriter, best known for many international hits, including his rendition of The Doors' "Light My Fire" and the best-selling Christmas single, "Feliz Navidad".
Jud Strunk (born Justin Roderick Strunk, Jr., June 11, 1936—October 5, 1981) was an American singer-songwriter and comedian.
Judas Priest are an English heavy metal band formed in West Bromwich in 1969.
Autry DeWalt Mixon Jr. (June 14, 1931 – November 23, 1995), known by the stage name Junior Walker, styled as Jr.
William "Kedar" Massenburg (born 1964) is an American record producer and record label executive, who was the president of Motown Records from 1997 to 2004.
Pauline Matthews (born 6 March 1947), better known by her stage name Kiki Dee, is an English singer born in Little Horton, Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire.
KISS is an acronym for "Keep it simple, stupid" as a design principle noted by the U.S. Navy in 1960.
Lady Sings the Blues is a 1972 American biographical drama film directed by Sidney J. Furie about jazz singer Billie Holiday, loosely based on her 1956 autobiography which, in turn, took its title from one of Holiday's most popular songs.
Lamont Herbert Dozier (DŌ-zhər; born June 16, 1941) is an American songwriter and record producer, born in Detroit, Michigan.
James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.
Let's Get It On is the thirteenth studio album by American singer and songwriter Marvin Gaye.
Lionel Brockman Richie Jr. (born June 20, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter, actor and record producer.
The list below shows the information on the buildings along Woodward Avenue in Detroit, Michigan, USA.
Elizabeth Lands (February 11, 1939 – January 11, 2013) was an American soul singer.
London Records is a record label in the U.K. that marketed records in the U.S, Canada, and Latin America from 1947 to 1979 before becoming semi-independent.
"Lonely Teardrops" is a song recorded and released as a single in 1958 by R&B, Soul, and Rock n Roll singer Jackie Wilson on the Brunswick label.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Love Sculpture were a Welsh blues rock band of the late 1960s, led by Dave Edmunds (born David William Edmunds, 15 April 1944 in Cardiff, Glamorgan, South Wales), plus bassist John David (born John David Williams, 19 January 1946 in Cardiff, South Wales) and drummer Rob "Congo" Jones (born Robert Jones, 13 August 1946 in Barry, Glamorgan, South Wales).
Mable John (born November 3, 1930) is an American blues vocalist and was the first female signed by Berry Gordy to Motown's Tamla label.
Mahogany is a 1975 American romantic drama film directed by Berry Gordy and produced by Motown Productions.
Manticore Records is a record label launched by the Manticore production company in 1973.
Margaret Danner (1915–1984) (Margaret Esse Danner, Margaret Danner Cunningham) was an American poet, editor and cultural activist known for her poetic imagery and her celebration of African heritage and cultural forms.
Martha and the Vandellas (known from 1967 to 1972 as Martha Reeves and the Vandellas) were an American all-female vocal group formed in 1957.
Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941) is an American R&B and pop singer and former politician, and is the lead singer of the Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
Marv Earl Johnson (October 15, 1938 – May 16, 1993) was an American R&B and soul singer, notable for performing on the first record issued by Tamla Records, which later became Motown.
Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay Jr.; April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984) was an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
The Mary Jane Girls were an American R&B, soul and funk group in the 1980s.
Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943 – July 26, 1992) was an American singer who helped to define the emerging sound of Motown in the early 1960s.
Maxine Powell (May 30, 1915 – October 14, 2013) was an American etiquette instructor and talent agent.
MCA Records was an American record label owned by MCA Inc., which later gave way to the larger MCA Music Entertainment Group (now Universal Music Group), which the label was part of until its dissolution in 2003.
Michael Lee Aday (born Marvin Lee Aday; September 27, 1947), better known by his stage name Meat Loaf, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and actor.
Melanie Fiona Hallim (born July 4, 1983), known professionally as Melanie Fiona, is a Canadian R&B recording artist with Guyanese background.
Melisma (Greek:, melisma, song, air, melody; from, melos, song, melody, plural: melismata) is the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession.
A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.
Melodyland Christian Center was a church in Anaheim, California that was located a short distance east of the Disneyland Resort.
Mercury Records is an American-based record label owned by Universal Music Group.
Michael Lamont Bivins (born August 10, 1968) is an American singer, rapper and manager, and a founding member of New Edition and Bell Biv DeVoe.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
Michael McDonald (born February 12, 1952) is an American singer, songwriter, keyboardist and record producer.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Michael "Mike" Curb (born December 24, 1944, Savannah, Georgia, United States) is an American musician, record company executive, motorsports car owner, and politician who served as the 42nd Lieutenant Governor of California from 1979 to 1983 under Democratic Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown, Jr. He was acting governor of California while Brown spent time outside California pursuing presidential ambitions.
Miracle Records was an independent American record label, established in Chicago, Illinois, United States, in 1946 to record and issue rhythm and blues, jazz and gospel music.
"Money (That's What I Want)" is a song written by Tamla founder Berry Gordy and Janie Bradford that became the first hit record for Gordy's Motown enterprise.
The Motortown Revue was the name given to the package concert tours of Motown artists in the 1960s.
Motown is an American record company.
Tamla Motown logo Motown logo Motown Chartbusters is a series of compilation albums first released by EMI under licence on the Tamla Motown label in Britain.
This is the discography for Motown as well as its subsidiaries and imprints.
Detroit, Michigan is a major center in the United States for the creation and performance of music, and is the birthplace of the musical subgenres known as “The Motown Sound" and Techno.
The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America, namely the Romance-speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
Music of My Mind is the fourteenth studio album by American soul musician Stevie Wonder.
"My Guy" is a 1964 hit single recorded by Mary Wells for the Motown label.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
Shaffer Chimere Smith (born October 18, 1982), known professionally as Ne-Yo, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor.
New Edition is an American R&B group from the Roxbury neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, formed in 1978.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
News World Communications Inc. is an international news media corporation.
New Musical Express (NME) is a British music journalism website and former magazine that has been published since 1952.
Norman Brown (born December 18, 1970 in Kansas City, Missouri) is an American smooth jazz guitarist and singer.
Norman Connors (born March 1, 1947) is an American jazz drummer, composer, arranger, and producer who has led some influential jazz and R&B groups.
Norman Jesse Whitfield (May 12, 1940 – September 16, 2008) was an American songwriter and producer, who worked with Berry Gordy's Motown labels during the 1960s.
Northern soul is a music and dance movement that emerged in Northern England in the late 1960s from the British mod scene, based on a particular style of black American soul music, especially in the mid-1960s, with a heavy beat and fast tempo.
Oriole Records was a British record label, founded in 1925 by the London-based Levy Company, which owned a gramophone record subsidiary called Levaphone Records.
Pamela Joan Sawyer (born 1938) is a British-born American lyricist and songwriter, who started writing songs in the mid-1960s and whose credits as a co-writer at Motown included "Love Child", "If I Were Your Woman", "My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)", and "Love Hangover".
Charles Eugene "Pat" Boone (born June 1, 1934) is an American singer, composer, actor, writer, television personality, motivational speaker, and spokesman.
Payola, in the music industry, is the illegal practice of payment or other inducement by record companies for the broadcast of recordings on commercial radio in which the song is presented as being part of the normal day's broadcast, without announcing this prior to broadcast.
Peter Alan Waterman, OBE (born 15 January 1947) is an English record producer, songwriter, radio and club DJ, television presenter, president of Coventry Bears rugby league club and a keen railway enthusiast.
PolyGram Entertainment is a film and TV production company owned by Universal Music Group.
A polytechnic was a tertiary education teaching institution in England, Wales and Northern Ireland offering higher diplomas, undergraduate degree and post graduate education (masters and PhDs) that was governed and administered at the national level by the Council for National Academic Awards.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
The Pretty Things are an English rock band, formed in 1963 in London.
Progressive rock (shortened as prog; sometimes called art rock, classical rock or symphonic rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid to late 1960s.
Racial integration, or simply integration, includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation).
Rare Earth is an American rock band affiliated with Motown's Rare Earth record label (named after the band), which prospered from 1970–1972.
RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.
A record chart, also called a music chart, is a ranking of recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period of time.
Ric-Tic Records was a record label set up in the 1960s in Detroit, Michigan, United States by Joanne Bratton and Ed Wingate.
Howard Richard "Pistol" Allen (August 13, 1932 – June 30, 2002) was an African-American musician, most notable as a Motown session drummer with The Funk Brothers.
Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson Jr. February 1, 1948August 6, 2004) was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer.
Robert Willie White (November 19, 1936 – October 27, 1994) was an African-American soul musician, one of the guitarists for Motown's in-house studio band, the Funk Brothers, White is best known for performing the guitar riff on The Temptations' number-one hit single "My Girl", but played the guitar on many successful Motown records, including "Can I Get a Witness" by Marvin Gaye, "You Keep Me Hangin' On" by The Supremes, "My Cherie Amour" by Stevie Wonder, "Something About You" by the Four Tops and "It's a Shame" by The Spinners.
Ronnie Dove (born September 7, 1935) is an American pop and country musician who had a string of hit pop records in the mid to late 1960's and several country chart records in the 70's and 80's.
The Rottin Razkals were an American hip hop group signed to Motown Records' sub-label, Mad Sounds Recordings.
Rottin ta da Core is the first and only album released by rap group Rottin Razkals.
Rustix (or The Rustix) were an American R&B/blue-eyed soul ensemble from Rochester, New York.
Anthony Ryan Leslie (born September 25, 1978), professionally known as Ryan Leslie, is an American recording artist and record producer from Washington, D.C..
Sad Wings of Destiny is the second studio album by the English heavy metal group Judas Priest, released in 1976.
Samuel George Davis Jr. (December 8, 1925 – May 16, 1990) was an American singer, musician, dancer, actor and comedian.
Santa Monica is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.
Scott Joplin is a 1977 biographical film directed by Jeremy Kagan and based on the life of American composer and pianist Scott Joplin.
Scott Cooke McCreery (born October 9, 1993) is an American country music singer.
Seagram Company Ltd. (formerly traded as Seagram's) was a Canadian multinational conglomerate formerly headquartered in Montreal, Quebec.
Shaun Murphy is an American blues and R&B singer songwriter, best known for her powerhouse singing style.
"Shop Around" is a song written by Smokey Robinson and Berry Gordy.
Frederick Earl "Shorty" Long (May 20, 1940 – June 29, 1969) was an American soul singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer for Motown's Soul Records imprint.
The Sisters Love was an American R&B and funk ensemble active in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
William "Smokey" Robinson Jr. (born February 19, 1940) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and former record executive.
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is a Japanese-owned global music conglomerate owned by Sony and incorporated as a general partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. (in Japanese), Sony Corporation The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the SME name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, including former Columbia Pictures subsidiary Arista Records as well as RCA Records, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies in the world, behind Universal Music Group (UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG). Sony's music publishing division is the world's largest music publisher after the acquisition of EMI. It also owns SYCO Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV format including Got Talent and The X Factor.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Lindley Armstrong "Spike" Jones (December 14, 1911 – May 1, 1965) was an American musician and bandleader specializing in satirical arrangements of popular songs and classical music.
Spoken word is a performance art that is word based.
Spooky Tooth was an English rock band principally active between 1967 and 1974.
Standing in the Shadows of Motown is a 2002 documentary film directed by Paul Justman that recounts the story of The Funk Brothers, the uncredited and largely unheralded studio musicians who were the house band that Berry Gordy hand-picked in 1959.
Stateside ($tateside) Records is a British record label which initially released licensed American recordings and is now a reissue label.
Stax Records is an American record label, originally based in Memphis, Tennessee.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
Kwame Ture (born Stokely Carmichael, June 29, 1941November 15, 1998) was a Trinidadian-born prominent organizer in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States and the global Pan-African movement.
Stoney and Meatloaf is the little-known debut album of singer Meat Loaf, released in 1971 on the Motown subsidiary label Rare Earth, a collaboration with female vocalist Shaun Murphy.
"Stop! In the Name of Love" is a 1965 song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label.
Sue Records ("The Sound of Soul") was founded in 1957 by Henry 'Juggy' Murray in New York City.
Super Bowl XL was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Seattle Seahawks and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Pittsburgh Steelers to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2005 season.
Suzanne Celeste de Passe (born July 19, 1946) is an American television, music and film producer as well as the co-chairwoman of de Passe Jones Entertainment Group.
Switch is an R&B/funk band that found fame recording for the Gordy label in the late 1970s, releasing hit songs such as "There'll Never Be", "I Call Your Name", and "Love Over & Over Again".
Sylvia Rhone is an American music industry executive who served as president of Universal Motown Records until 2011.
Syreeta Wright (born Rita Wright; February 28, 1946 or August 3, 1946(sources differ) – July 6, 2004), who recorded professionally under the single name Syreeta, was an American singer–songwriter, best known for her music during the early–1970s through the early–1980s.
William Neal Browder (born July 20, 1944, Humboldt, Tennessee) is an American country music singer-songwriter, known professionally as T. G. Sheppard.
Tabu Productions was an American record label founded by Clarence Avant in 1975.
Talking Book is the fifteenth studio album by Stevie Wonder, released on October 28, 1972.
The tambourine is a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles, called "zils".
"Tammy" is a popular song with music by Jay Livingston and lyrics by Ray Evans.
Tammy and the Bachelor is a 1957 romantic comedy film and is the first of the four Tammy films.
TCB is a 1968 television special produced by Motown Productions and George Schlatter–Ed Friendly Productions of Laugh-In fame.
Mary Christine Brockert (March 5, 1956 – December 26, 2010), better known by her stage name Teena Marie, was an American singer-songwriter, and producer.
Tha Mexakinz are a Latin rap duo from Long Beach, California, who released three albums in the 1990s on Wild West Records.
Thank God It's Friday is a 1978 American musical disco comedy film directed by Robert Klane and produced by Motown Productions and Casablanca FilmWorks for Columbia Pictures (whose torch-holding mascot, in a specially produced animation, dances to disco music before the opening credits).
The Bomb Squad is an American hip hop production team, known for its work with the hip hop group Public Enemy.
The Cats were a Dutch rock band formed in Volendam in 1964.
The Contours were one of the early African-American soul singing groups signed to Motown Records.
The Elgins were an American vocal group on the Motown label, active from the late 1950s to 1967.
The Fantastic Four (also known as Sweet James and The Fantastic Four) were a Detroit based soul group, formed in 1965.
The Foundations were a British soul band, active from 1967 to 1970.
The Four Seasons is an American rock and pop band that became internationally successful in the 1960s and 1970s.
The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit-based session musicians who performed the backing to most Motown recordings from 1959 until the company moved to Los Angeles in 1972.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Island Def Jam Music Group (IDJMG) was an American record label group formed in 1998 by combining the operations of 14+ record labels including Island Records, Def Jam Recordings, and Mercury Records.
The Jackson 5, or Jackson Five, currently known as the Jacksons, are an American family music group.
The Last Dragon (sometimes listed as Berry Gordy's The Last Dragon) is a 1985 martial arts film produced by Rupert Hitzig for Berry Gordy and directed by Michael Schultz.
The Marvelettes was an American girl group that achieved popularity in the early- to mid-1960s.
The Miracles (also known as Smokey Robinson and the Miracles from 1965 to 1972) were an American rhythm and blues vocal group that was the first successful recording act for Berry Gordy's Motown Records, and one of the most important and influential groups in pop, rock and roll, and R&B music history.
The Monitors were an American vocal group who recorded for Motown Records in the 1960s.
The Originals, often called "Motown's best-kept secret," were a successful Motown R&B and soul group during the late 1960s and the 1970s, most notable for the hits "Baby, I'm For Real," "The Bells," and the disco classic "Down To Love Town." Formed in 1966, the group originally consisted of baritone singer Freddie Gorman, tenor/falsetto Walter Gaines, and tenors C. P. Spencer and Hank Dixon (and briefly Joe Stubbs).
The Spinners are an American rhythm and blues vocal group that formed in Detroit, Michigan, in 1954.
The Supremes were an American female singing group and the premier act of Motown Records during the 1960s.
The Temptations are an American vocal group who released a series of successful singles and albums with Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s.
The Velvelettes were an American singing girl group, signed to Motown in the 1960s.
The Velvet Underground was an American rock band formed in 1964 in New York City by singer/guitarist Lou Reed, multi-instrumentalist John Cale, guitarist Sterling Morrison, and drummer Angus MacLise (replaced by Moe Tucker in 1965).
The Washington Times is an American daily newspaper that covers general interest topics with a particular emphasis on American politics.
The Wiz is a 1978 American musical adventure film produced by Universal Pictures and Motown Productions, and released by Universal Pictures on October 24, 1978.
Toe Fat was an English rock music band, active from June 1969 to 1971, notable for including two future members of Uriah Heep.
Tom Clay (August 20, 1929 – November 22, 1995) was an American radio personality and disc jockey.
A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).
United Artists Records was a record label founded by Max E. Youngstein of United Artists in 1957 to issue movie soundtracks.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Universal Motown Records was an American record label that operated as a division of Universal Motown Republic Group.
Universal Motown Republic Group, also abbreviated as UMRG, was an umbrella label founded in 1999 by Universal Music Group to oversee the labels assigned to its unit.
Universal Music Enterprises (abbreviated as UME and stylized as UMe) is the catalogue division of Universal Music Group.
Universal Music Group (also known in the United States as UMG Recordings, Inc. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi.
Universal Music Group Nashville is Universal Music Group's country music subsidiary.
Universal Records was a record label owned by Universal Music Group and operated as part of the Universal Motown Republic Group.
"Up the Ladder to the Roof" is a 1970 hit single recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label.
Uptown Records was an American record label, founded by Andre Harrell in 1986.
Uriel Jones (June 13, 1934 – March 24, 2009) was an African-American musician.
Vee-Jay Records is an American record label founded in the 1950s, located in Chicago and specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll.
Verve Records, founded in 1956 by Norman Granz, is home to the world’s largest jazz catalogue and includes recordings by artists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, Stan Getz and Billie Holiday, among others.
Virgin EMI Records is a British record label owned by the Universal Music Group that was formed in 2013.
"We Shall Overcome" is a gospel song which became a protest song and a key anthem of the Civil Rights Movement.
What's Going On is the eleventh studio album by soul musician Marvin Gaye, released May 21, 1971, on the Motown-subsidiary label Tamla Records.
"What's Going On" is a song by American recording artist Marvin Gaye, released in 1971 on the Motown subsidiary Tamla.
"Where Did Our Love Go" is a 1964 song recorded by American music group the Supremes for the Motown label.
"Who's Lovin' You" is a Motown soul song, written in 1960 by William "Smokey" Robinson.
"Why (Must We Fall in Love)" is a Diana Ross & the Supremes and The Temptations song released in 1970 as the second single from the album Together.
William "Mickey" Stevenson was born on January 4, 1937 in Detroit, Michigan.
William Henry Weatherspoon (11 February 1936 – 17 July 2005) was an American songwriter and record producer, best known for his work for Motown Records in the 1960s.
Zig Zag is the debut album by Latin hip hop group Tha Mexakinz.
The 1967 Detroit riot, also known as the 12th Street riot was the bloodiest race riot in the "Long, hot summer of 1967".
702 (pronounced "Seven-Oh-Two"), named after the area code of their hometown of Las Vegas, Nevada, is an American platinum-selling vocal girl group, with the final and most known line up consisting of Kameelah Williams and sisters Irish and LeMisha Grinstead.
98 Degrees (stylized as 98°) is an American pop and contemporary R&B vocal group consisting of four vocalists: brothers Nick and Drew Lachey, Justin Jeffre, and Jeff Timmons.
Al Abrams (publicist), Detroit soul, Gordy Records, Gordy Records., Hitsville West, Jobete, Jobete Music, L.P. Motown Record Company, Mad Sounds Recordings, Mo Town, MoTown, MoWest, MoWest Records, Motown 50, Motown R&B, Motown Record Company, L.P., Motown Record Corporation, Motown Records, Motown Records, Inc., Motown Sound, Motown music, Motown sound, Mowest, Rare Earth Records, Soul Records, Tamla, Tamla Motown, Tamla Motown Records, Tamla Records, Tamla-Motown, The Motown Sound, V.I.P. Records, VIP Records, Weed Records, Workshop Jazz Records.