149 relations: Adiabatic process, Africa, Agriculture, Alpine climate, Altitudinal zonation, Andes, Anticline, Arête, Arctic Ocean, Asia, Basin and Range Province, Biological dispersal, Bolivia, Broad-leaved tree, Catskill Mountains, Central Asia, Chimborazo, Cirque, Clastic rock, Cloud, Continental crust, Convection, Crust (geology), Denali, Dew point, Dome (geology), Dormancy, Earth, Earth science, East Africa, Ecosystem, Ecuador, Effects of high altitude on humans, El Alto, Elevation, Enthalpy of vaporization, Erosion, Eurasia, Fault (geology), Fault block, Figure of the Earth, Fold (geology), Fold mountains, Geopolitics, Glacier, Graben, Graphic Arts Center Publishing, Greenhouse effect, Harvest, Hill, ..., Himalayas, Hobby, Holdridge life zones, Horst (geology), Hotspot (geology), Huascarán, Human, Ice, Igneous rock, Isostasy, Jura Mountains, K2, La Rinconada, Peru, Landform, Landscape, Lapse rate, Latitude, Lawton, Oklahoma, Leslie Holdridge, List of Latin names of mountains, List of mountain ranges, List of peaks by prominence, List of ski areas and resorts, List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, Lists of mountains, Magma, Mantle (geology), Mars, Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa, Metres above sea level, Mid-ocean ridge, Mining, Montane ecosystems, Mount Everest, Mount Fuji, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Logan, Mount Pinatubo, Mount Scott (Oklahoma), Mountain formation, Mountain hut, Mountain range, Mountaineering, Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills, Nanga Parbat, National park, Natural border, Navajo Mountain, North America, Ocean, Olympus Mons, Orogeny, Oxford English Dictionary, Pacific Ocean, Peru, Pinophyta, Plate tectonics, Plateau, Precipitation, Profession, Pyramidal peak, Radiation, Rainforest, Rift valley, River, Rock (geology), Sea level, Sediment, Sediment transport, Shield volcano, Ski resort, Sky island, Snow, Soil, Solar System, South America, Sport, Stratovolcano, Subduction, Summit, Surface runoff, Syncline, Topographic prominence, Tourism, Trafford, Tree line, Tundra, Ultraviolet, United Nations Environment Programme, United States Geological Survey, Upper Rhine Plain, Visible spectrum, Volcanism, Volcano, Vosges, Weathering, Wind, World. Expand index (99 more) » « Shrink index
In thermodynamics, an adiabatic process is one that occurs without transfer of heat or matter between a thermodynamic system and its surroundings.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
Altitudinal zonation in mountainous regions describes the natural layering of ecosystems that occurs at distinct altitudes due to varying environmental conditions.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
In structural geology, an anticline is a type of fold that is an arch-like shape and has its oldest beds at its core.
Clouds Rest in Yosemite National Park is an arête. An arête is a narrow ridge of rock which separates two valleys.
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Basin and Range Province is a vast physiographic region covering much of the inland Western United States and northwestern Mexico.
Biological dispersal refers to both the movement of individuals (animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, etc.) from their birth site to their breeding site ('natal dispersal'), as well as the movement from one breeding site to another ('breeding dispersal').
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
A broad-leaved, broad-leaf, or broadleaf tree is any tree within the diverse botanical group of angiosperms which has flat leaves and produces seeds inside of fruits.
The Catskill Mountains, also known as the Catskills, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains, located in southeastern New York.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
Chimborazo is a currently inactive stratovolcano in the Cordillera Occidental range of the Andes.
Two cirques with semi-permanent snowpatches near Abisko National Park, Sweden A cirque (French, from the Latin word circus) is an amphitheatre-like valley formed by glacial erosion.
Clastic rocks are composed of fragments, or clasts, of pre-existing minerals and rock.
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystals, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere of a planetary body.
Continental crust is the layer of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks that forms the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves.
Convection is the heat transfer due to bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as gases and liquids, including molten rock (rheid).
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite.
Denali (also known as Mount McKinley, its former official name) is the highest mountain peak in North America, with a summit elevation of above sea level.
The dew point is the temperature to which air must be cooled to become saturated with water vapor.
A dome is a feature in structural geology consisting of symmetrical anticlines that intersect each other at their respective apices.
Dormancy is a period in an organism's life cycle when growth, development, and (in animals) physical activity are temporarily stopped.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The effects of high altitude on humans are considerable.
El Alto (Spanish for "The Heights") is a municipality and the second-largest city in Bolivia, located adjacent to La Paz in Pedro Domingo Murillo Province on the Altiplano highlands.
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic datum § Vertical datum).
The enthalpy of vaporization, (symbol ∆Hvap) also known as the (latent) heat of vaporization or heat of evaporation, is the amount of energy (enthalpy) that must be added to a liquid substance, to transform a quantity of that substance into a gas.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
Fault blocks are very large blocks of rock, sometimes hundreds of kilometres in extent, created by tectonic and localized stresses in the Earth's crust.
The figure of the Earth is the size and shape of the Earth in geodesy.
A geological fold occurs when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of permanent deformation.
Fold mountains are mountains that form mainly by the effects of folding on layers within the upper part of the Earth's crust.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
In geology, a graben is a depressed block of the Earth's crust bordered by parallel faults.
Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company was a book publishing company based in Portland, Oregon, United States.
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere.
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.
A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time.
The Holdridge life zones system is a global bioclimatic scheme for the classification of land areas.
In physical geography and geology, a horst is a raised fault block bounded by normal faults.
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle.
Huascarán is a mountain in the Peruvian province of Yungay (Ancash Region), situated in the Cordillera Blanca range of the western Andes.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.
Isostasy (Greek ''ísos'' "equal", ''stásis'' "standstill") is the state of gravitational equilibrium between Earth's crust and mantle such that the crust "floats" at an elevation that depends on its thickness and density.
The Jura Mountains (locally; Massif du Jura; Juragebirge; Massiccio del Giura) are a sub-alpine mountain range located north of the Western Alps, mainly following the course of the France–Switzerland border.
K2 (کے ٹو), also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori (Balti and چھوغوری),, at above sea level, is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest, at.
La Rinconada is a town in the Peruvian Andes located near a gold mine.
A landform is a natural feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body.
A landscape is the visible features of an area of land, its landforms and how they integrate with natural or man-made features.
Lapse rate is the rate at which Earth's atmospheric temperature decreases with an increase in altitude, or increases with the decrease in altitude.
In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
The city of Lawton is the county seat of Comanche County, in the State of Oklahoma.
Leslie Ransselaer Holdridge (September 29, 1907 – June 19, 1999) was an American botanist and climatologist.
Users of Neo-Latin have taken the Latin language to places the Romans never went; hence a need arose to make Latin names of mountains that did not exist when Latin was a living language.
This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies.
This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.
This is a list of ski areas and resorts around the world.
This is a list of the tallest mountains in the Solar System.
Mountains are listed according to various criteria.
Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.
The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii.
Mauna Loa (or; Hawaiian:; Long Mountain) is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi in the Pacific Ocean.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
Montane ecosystems refers to any ecosystem found in mountains.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
, located on Honshū, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft), 2nd-highest peak of an island (volcanic) in Asia, and 7th-highest peak of an island in the world.
Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, "Kibo", "Mawenzi", and "Shira", is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.
Mount Logan is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America, after Denali.
Mount Pinatubo (Bakil nin Pinatobo; Bunduk/Bulkan ning Pinatubu, Bunduk ning Apu Malyari; Palandey/Bulkan na Pinatubu; Bantay Pinatubo; Bundok/Bulkang Pinatubo) is an active stratovolcano in the Zambales Mountains, located on the tripoint boundary of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac and Pampanga, all in Central Luzon on the northern island of Luzon.
Mount Scott is a prominent mountain just to the northwest of Lawton, Oklahoma rising to a height of.
Mountain formation refers to the geological processes that underlie the formation of mountains.
A mountain hut (also known as alpine hut, mountain shelter, mountain refuge, mountain lodge, and mountain hostel) is a building located high in the mountains, generally accessible only by foot, intended to provide food and shelter to mountaineers, climbers and hikers.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Mountaineering is the sport of mountain climbing.
Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills is often considered the standard textbook for mountaineering and climbing in North America.
Nanga Parbat (Urdu), locally known as Diamer, is the ninth highest mountain in the world at above sea level.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
A natural border is a border between states or their subdivisions which is concomitant with natural formations such as rivers, mountain ranges, or deserts.
Navajo Mountain (Naatsisʼáán) is a peak in San Juan County, Utah, with its southern flank extending into Coconino County, Arizona.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus) is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars.
An orogeny is an event that leads to a large structural deformation of the Earth's lithosphere (crust and uppermost mantle) due to the interaction between plate tectonics.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
A pyramidal peak, sometimes called a glacial horn in extreme cases, is an angular, sharply pointed mountain peak which results from the cirque erosion due to multiple glaciers diverging from a central point.
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
A rift valley is a linear-shaped lowland between several highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault.
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Sediment transport is the movement of solid particles (sediment), typically due to a combination of gravity acting on the sediment, and/or the movement of the fluid in which the sediment is entrained.
A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually composed almost entirely of fluid lava flows.
A ski resort is a resort developed for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter sports.
Sky islands are isolated mountains surrounded by radically different lowland environments.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and ash.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it.
Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flows over the Earth's surface.
In structural geology, a syncline is a fold with younger layers closer to the center of the structure.
In topography, prominence characterizes the height of a mountain or hill's summit by the vertical distance between it and the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Trafford is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England, with an estimated population of 233,300 in 2015.
The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing.
In physical geography, tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The Upper Rhine Plain, Rhine Rift Valley or Upper Rhine Graben (German: Oberrheinische Tiefebene, Oberrheinisches Tiefland or Oberrheingraben, French: Vallée du Rhin) is a major rift, about and on average, between Basel in the south and the cities of Frankfurt/Wiesbaden in the north.
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.
Volcanism is the phenomenon of eruption of molten rock (magma) onto the surface of the Earth or a solid-surface planet or moon, where lava, pyroclastics and volcanic gases erupt through a break in the surface called a vent.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
The Vosges (or; Vogesen), also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil, and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, water, and biological organisms.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.
The world is the planet Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization.