82 relations: Aleutian Range, Alpide belt, Alps, Altai Mountains, Andes, Appalachian Mountains, Arctic Cordillera, Atlas Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Cenozoic, China, Doom Mons, Drainage divide, Erosion, Euboea Montes, Fault block, Fold (geology), Great Plains, Highland, Hijaz Mountains, Hill, Hillary Montes, Himalayas, Indonesia, Isostasy, Japan, Kamchatka Peninsula, Lapse rate, List of mountain ranges, List of mountain types, Lists of mountains, Lithology, Mars, Massif, Maxwell Montes, Mesozoic, Mid-ocean ridge, Mithrim Montes, Mount Everest, Mountain, Mountain chain, Mountain formation, Mountain pass, NASA, Natural satellite, Nepal, New Zealand, North American Cordillera, Orogeny, Orography, ..., Papua New Guinea, Petrology, Philippines, Plate tectonics, Pluto, Presidential Range, Rain shadow, Ridge, Ring of Fire, Rocky Mountains, Sandwich Range, Saturn, Scandinavian Mountains, Sedimentary basin, Sedimentary rock, Solar System, Spain, Stratum, Structural geology, Taiwan, Tartarus Montes, Tenzing Montes, Terrane, Terrestrial planet, Thrust fault, Titan (moon), Tree structure, Ural Mountains, Valley, Venus, Volcano, White Mountains (New Hampshire). Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
The Aleutian Range is a major mountain range located in southwest Alaska.
The Alpide belt or Alpine-Himalayan orogenic beltK.M. Storetvedt, K. M., The Tethys Sea and the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt; mega-elements in a new global tectonic system, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Volume 62, Issues 1–2, 1990, Pages 141–184 is a seismic belt and orogenic belt that includes an array of mountain ranges extending along the southern margin of Eurasia, stretching from Java to Sumatra through the Himalayas, the Mediterranean, and out into the Atlantic.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
The Altai Mountains (also spelled Altay Mountains; Altai: Алтай туулар, Altay tuular; Mongolian:, Altai-yin niruɣu (Chakhar) / Алтайн нуруу, Altain nuruu (Khalkha); Kazakh: Алтай таулары, Altai’ tay’lary, التاي تاۋلارى Алтайские горы, Altajskije gory; Chinese; 阿尔泰山脉, Ā'ěrtài Shānmài, Xiao'erjing: اَعَرتَىْ شًامَىْ; Dungan: Артэ Шанмэ) are a mountain range in Central and East Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan come together, and are where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their headwaters.
The Andes or Andean Mountains (Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
The Arctic Cordillera is a vast, deeply dissected chain of mountain ranges extending along the northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula in northern Labrador and northern Quebec, Canada.
The Atlas Mountains (jibāl al-ʾaṭlas; ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵡⴰⵟⵍⴰⵙ, idurar n waṭlas) are a mountain range in the Maghreb.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range.
The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Doom Mons is the name of a mountain range and its eponymous peak on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn.
A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Euboea Montes is a mountain on Io, a moon of Jupiter.
Fault blocks are very large blocks of rock, sometimes hundreds of kilometres in extent, created by tectonic and localized stresses in the Earth's crust.
A geological fold occurs when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of permanent deformation.
The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.
Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau.
The Hijaz Mountains (Jibāl al-Ḥijāz), or Hejaz Range, is a mountain range located in the Hejazi region of western Saudi Arabia.
A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain.
The Hillary Montes Or (less officially, Hillary Mountains) are mountains that reach above the surface of the dwarf planet Pluto.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Isostasy (Greek ''ísos'' "equal", ''stásis'' "standstill") is the state of gravitational equilibrium between Earth's crust and mantle such that the crust "floats" at an elevation that depends on its thickness and density.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The Kamchatka Peninsula (полуо́стров Камча́тка, Poluostrov Kamchatka) is a 1,250-kilometre-long (780 mi) peninsula in the Russian Far East, with an area of about 270,000 km2 (100,000 sq mi).
Lapse rate is the rate at which Earth's atmospheric temperature decreases with an increase in altitude, or increases with the decrease in altitude.
This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies.
Mountains and hills can be characterized in several ways.
Mountains are listed according to various criteria.
The lithology of a rock unit is a description of its physical characteristics visible at outcrop, in hand or core samples or with low magnification microscopy, such as colour, texture, grain size, or composition.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
In geology, a massif is a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures.
Maxwell Montes is a mountain massif on the planet Venus, of which a peak (Skadi Mons) is the highest point on the planet's surface.
The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.
A mid-ocean ridge (MOR) is an underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics.
The Mithrim Montes are a range of mountains on Titan, the largest moon of the planet Saturn.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak.
A mountain chain is a row of high mountain summits, a linear sequence of interconnected or related mountains, or a contiguous ridge of mountains within a larger mountain range.
Mountain formation refers to the geological processes that underlie the formation of mountains.
A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
The North American Cordillera is the North American portion of the American Cordillera which is a mountain chain (cordillera) along the western side of the Americas.
An orogeny is an event that leads to a large structural deformation of the Earth's lithosphere (crust and uppermost mantle) due to the interaction between plate tectonics.
Orography (from the Greek όρος, hill, γραφία, to write) is the study of the topographic relief of mountains, and can more broadly include hills, and any part of a region's elevated terrain.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Petrology (from the Greek πέτρος, pétros, "rock" and λόγος, lógos, "subject matter", see -logy) is the branch of geology that studies rocks and the conditions under which they form.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
The Presidential Range is a mountain range located in the White Mountains of the U.S. state of New Hampshire.
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind).
A ridge or mountain ridge are geological features consisting of a chain of mountains or hills that form a continuous elevated crest for some distance.The sides of the ridge slope away from narrow top on either side.The line along the crest formed by the highest points, with the terrain dropping down on either side, is called the ridgeline.
The Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.
The Sandwich Range is located in the White Mountains of New Hampshire in the United States, north of the Lakes Region and south of the Kancamagus Highway.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
The Scandinavian Mountains or the Scandes is a mountain range that runs through the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Sedimentary basins are regions of Earth of long-term subsidence creating accommodation space for infilling by sediments.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
Structural geology is the study of the three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Tartarus Montes are a mountain range on the planet Mars, stretching over 1070 km and located around the coordinates 15.46º N, 167.54º E, between Orcus Patera and the Elysium volcanic region.
The Tenzing Montes (or formerly Norgay Montes or less officially, Norgay Mountains) are icy mountains, near the Hillary Montes, that reach above the surface of the dwarf planet Pluto, bordering the southwest region of Sputnik Planitia in the south of Tombaugh Regio (or the part of Tombaugh Regio south of the equator).
A terrane in geology, in full a tectonostratigraphic terrane, is a fragment of crustal material formed on, or broken off from, one tectonic plate and accreted or "sutured" to crust lying on another plate.
A terrestrial planet, telluric planet, or rocky planet is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals.
A thrust fault is a break in the Earth's crust, across which older rocks are pushed above younger rocks.
Titan is the largest moon of Saturn.
A tree structure or tree diagram is a way of representing the hierarchical nature of a structure in a graphical form.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
A valley is a low area between hills or mountains often with a river running through it.
Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
The White Mountains are a mountain range covering about a quarter of the state of New Hampshire and a small portion of western Maine in the United States.