82 relations: Aaton Digital, Aerial photography, Aerial reconnaissance, Aeroscope, Alexander Parkes, Anamorphic format, Animation camera, Arri, Aspect ratio (image), Auguste and Louis Lumière, Birt Acres, Bolex, Camcorder, Camera, Camera lens, Camera stabilizer, Celluloid, Cinematography, Cinerama, Circle-Vision 360°, Clapperboard, Digital cinematography, Digital movie camera, Double-system recording, Electric motor, Emanuel Goldberg, Escapement, Eugene Augustin Lauste, Eyemo, Film, Film format, Film stock, Filmmaking, Filmo, Focus puller, Frame rate, Francis Ronalds, George Eastman, History of film, Human brain, Human eye, Image sensor, Intermittent mechanism, Joris Ivens, Kazimierz Prószyński, King's Observatory, Kodak, Konvas, Leeds, Leeds Bridge, ..., List of motion picture film formats, Louis Le Prince, Lyon, Michael Buckland, MOS (filmmaking), Movie camera, Movie projector, Multiplane camera, NTSC, PAL, Parvo (camera), Photography, Pleograph, Prestwich Camera, Roundhay Garden Scene, Scotland, Second unit, Single-system recording, Slow motion, Still camera, Super 8 film, Technicolor, Television show, Thomas Edison, Time-lapse photography, William Friese-Greene, William Kennedy Dickson, Wordsworth Donisthorpe, World War II, 16 mm film, 8 mm film, 9.5 mm film. Expand index (32 more) » « Shrink index
Aaton Digital (formerly known as Aaton) is a French motion picture equipment manufacturer, based in Grenoble, France.
Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Aeroscope was a type of compressed air camera for making films, constructed by Polish inventor Kazimierz Prószyński in 1909 (French patent from April 10, 1909) and built in England since 1911, at first by Newman & Sinclair, and from 1912 by Cherry Kearton Limited.
Alexander Parkes (29 December 1813 29 June 1890) was a metallurgist and inventor from Birmingham, England.
Anamorphic format is the cinematography technique of shooting a widescreen picture on standard 35 mm film or other visual recording media with a non-widescreen native aspect ratio.
An animation camera, a type of rostrum camera, is a movie camera specially adapted for frame-by-frame shooting of animation.
The Arri Group is a global supplier of motion picture film equipment.
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
The Lumière brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas; 19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean; 5 October 1864 – 7 June 1948), were among the first filmmakers in history. They patented an improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties.
Birt Acres (23 July 1854 – 27 December 1918) was an American and British photographer and film pioneer.
Bolex is a trade mark registered October 1924 for Charles Haccius and Jacques Bogopolsky.
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.
A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both.
A camera lens (also known as photographic lens or photographic objective) is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically.
A camera stabilizer, or camera–stabilizing mount, is a device designed to hold a camera in a manner that prevents or compensates for unwanted camera movement, such as "camera shake".
Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
Cinerama is a widescreen process that originally projected images simultaneously from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply curved screen, subtending 146° of arc.
Circle-Vision 360° is a film technique, refined by The Walt Disney Company, that uses nine cameras for nine big screens arranged in a circle.
A clapperboard is a device used in filmmaking and video production to assist in synchronizing of picture and sound, and to designate and mark the various scenes and takes as they are filmed and audio-recorded.
Digital cinematography is the process of capturing (recording) a motion picture using digital image sensors rather than through film stock.
Digital movie cameras for digital cinematography are video cameras that capture coverage digitally rather than the historically used movie camera, which shoots on film stock.
Double-system recording is a form of sound recording used in motion picture production whereby the sound for a scene is recorded on a machine that is separate from the camera or picture-recording apparatus.
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
Emanuel Goldberg (עמנואל גולדברג; עמנואל גאָלדבערג; Эмануэль Гольдберг) (born: 31 August 1881; died: 13 September 1970) was an Israeli physicist and inventor.
An escapement is a device in mechanical watches and clocks that transfers energy to the timekeeping element (the "impulse action") and allows the number of its oscillations to be counted (the "locking action").
Eugène Augustin Lauste (17 January 1857 in Montmartre, France – 27 June 1935 in Montclair, New Jersey) was a French inventor instrumental in the technological development of the history of cinema.
The Eyemo is a 35 mm motion picture film camera which was manufactured by the Bell & Howell Co.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
A film format is a technical definition of a set of standard characteristics regarding image capture on photographic film, for either stills or filmmaking.
Film stock is an analog medium that is used for recording motion pictures or animation.
Filmmaking (or, in an academic context, film production) is the process of making a film, generally in the sense of films intended for extensive theatrical exhibition.
Filmo is a series of 16-mm and 8-mm movie equipment made by the Bell & Howell Company.
A focus puller, or 1st assistant camera, is a member of a film crew's camera department whose primary responsibility is to maintain image sharpness on whatever subject or action is being filmed.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
Sir Francis Ronalds FRS (21 February 1788 – 8 August 1873) was an English scientist and inventor, and arguably the first electrical engineer.
George Eastman (July 12, 1854 – March 14, 1932) was an American entrepreneur who founded the Eastman Kodak Company and popularized the use of roll film, helping to bring photography to the mainstream.
Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumière brothers' short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinematographic motion pictures.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
The intermittent mechanism or intermittent movement is the device by which film is regularly advanced and then held in place for a brief duration of time in a movie camera or movie projector.
Georg Henri Anton "Joris" Ivens (18 November 1898 – 28 June 1989) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker.
Kazimierz Prószyński (4 April 1875 – 13 March 1945), born in Warsaw, Poland, was a Polish inventor active in the field of cinema.
The King's Observatory (called for many years the Kew Observatory) is a Grade I listed building in Richmond, London.
The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.
Konvas (Конвас) is the general name of portable 35mm motion-picture cameras that was manufactured in the USSR by KMZ (KRASNOGORSKIY MEKHANICHESKIY ZAVOD - Krasnogorsk Mechanical Works), known as ZENIT camera makers, and later on, MOSKINAP (MOSKOVSKIY ZAVOD KINOAPPARATURIY - Moscow Works of Cinema Equipment (The holder of the Order of the Badge of Honour - Орден «Знак Почета»), at one time in the late 80's had over 2,000 employees; now OAO "MOSKINAP", and for a short period at the same factory after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The factory was manufacturing Laser soundheads, and 35mm sound projectors originally were made by Odessa PO KINAP some time ago. The camera line is no longer made, although many working models are still circulating at reasonable prices worldwide. The name "Konvas" is a portmanteau that comes from the first three letters of the first and last name of the camera's designer, KONSTANTIN VASILIYEV. Later renamed to Konvas-Avtomat (Automatic) for electric-driven models. Initially, the camera was used widely by fiction, documentary, and news cameramen throughout the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. The relatively small size of Konvas cameras and its low price (it often sells for almost the same price as the more primitive, older Bell & Howell Eyemo) makes it popular with independent filmmakers throughout the world to this day. There are very good and useful modifications for these cameras these days. You might be surprised for some prices, but its functionality is much more valuable than its price always. Konvas cameras are reflex, using a spinning mirrored shutter, allowing the operator to view the scene through the main lens during filming. Because of the camera's movement mechanism, the shutter opening is 155° as opposed to the 180° which is standard on many other cameras. Consequently, the shutter speed is slightly higher, for which the exposure must be compensated from the usual 24fps frames per second light meter setting by 1/3 of an f/stop. It has an extended dwell time for film transport like in ARRI 35 series, thus provides more steadiness despite it has no register pin. Some models including -2M and 8M accept a single OCT-19 mount lens, others have a three lens turret including -1M and 7M. All Konvas cameras accept a 60-meter (slightly less than 200 ft) load of film via a detachable camera magazine, some also accept a 120-meter (roughly 400 ft) detachable magazine. The magazines are very easy to change, however; they are not easy to load and often present a challenge for camera assistants not familiar with the Konvas magazine. The Konvas runs on an electric 12 Volt DC motor mainly. Some are capable of running at very accurate "X-tal Sync" speeds @ 8, 12, 16, 24, 25, 32fps via 17EP-16 APK, 18EP-16 APK and 19EP-16APK motor drives while 15EPSS motor drive provides electric regulated speeds. The camera is noisy (about 55dB), making sound recording difficult, so it can be used as a MOS camera. This was not a problem in the Soviet Union, as Soviet cinema usually re-recorded all sound during editing via a process called "ADR" or "dubbing/looping".
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Bridge is a historic river crossing in Leeds, England.
This list of film formats catalogues formats developed for shooting or viewing motion pictures, ranging from the Chronophotographe format from 1888, to mid-20th century formats such as the 1953 CinemaScope format, to more recent formats such as the 1992 IMAX HD format.
Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince (28 August 1841 – vanished 16 September 1890) was a French artist and the inventor of an early motion picture camera, possibly being the first person to shoot a moving picture sequence using a single lens camera and a strip of (paper) film.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Michael Keeble Buckland (born 1941) is an emeritus professor at the UC Berkeley School of Information and co-director of the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative.
MOS is a standard filmmaking jargon abbreviation used in production reports to indicate an associated film segment has no synchronous audio track.
The movie camera, film camera or cine-camera is a type of photographic camera which takes a rapid sequence of photographs on an image sensor or on a film.
A movie projector is an opto-mechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen.
The multiplane camera is a motion-picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
The Parvo was a 35mm motion picture camera developed in France by Joseph Jules Debrie, in 1908.
Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Pleograph (Pleograf) was an early type of movie camera constructed in 1894, before those made by the Lumière brothers, by Polish inventor Kazimierz Prószyński.
Prestwich Camera was a cine camera eventually fitted with external magazines capable of holding up of film.
Roundhay Garden Scene is an 1888 short silent actuality film recorded by French inventor Louis Le Prince.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Second unit is a discrete team of filmmakers tasked with filming shots or sequences of a production, separate from the main or "first" unit.
Single system audio is the system of recording sound on film or SOF.
Slow motion (commonly abbreviated as slo-mo or slow-mo) is an effect in film-making whereby time appears to be slowed down.
A still camera is a type of camera used to take photographs.
Super 8mm film is a motion picture film format released in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an improvement over the older "Double" or "Regular" 8 mm home movie format.
Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating from 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.
Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence.
William Friese-Greene (born William Edward Green, 7 September 1855 – 5 May 1921) was a prolific English inventor and professional photographer.
William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson (3 August 1860 – 28 September 1935) was a Scottish inventor who devised an early motion picture camera under the employment of Thomas Edison (post-dating the work of Louis Le Prince).
Wordsworth Donisthorpe (Leeds, 24 March 1847 – Shottermill, 30 January 1914) was an English individualist anarchist and inventor, pioneer of cinematography and chess enthusiast.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film.
8 mm film is a motion picture film format in which the film strip is eight millimeters wide.
9.5 mm film is an amateur film format introduced by Pathé Frères in 1922 as part of the Pathé Baby amateur film system.