70 relations: Binary number, Book of Equanimity, Buddha-nature, Cantonese, Chan Buddhism, Chinese character classification, Chinese philosophy, Classical Chinese, Cognate, Dahui Zonggao, Delusion, Douglas Hofstadter, East Asian languages, Electronic circuit, First-order logic, Gödel's incompleteness theorems, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Grammatical particle, Hakuun Yasutani, Hanja, High impedance, Homophone, Imperative mood, Impersonal verb, Kanji, Kōan, Kenshō, Loaded question, Ma (negative space), Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra, Many-valued logic, McCune–Reischauer, Middle Chinese, Mondo (scripture), Nondualism, Not even wrong, Old Chinese, Pacific Zen Institute, Perl 6, Proto-Tibeto-Burman language, Quanzhou, Radical 118, Radical 136, Revised Romanization of Korean, Rinzai school, Robert M. Pirsig, Sanbo Kyodan, Seal script, Sino-Japanese, Sino-Japanese vocabulary, ..., Sino-Korean vocabulary, Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary, Sino-Xenic pronunciations, Southern Min, Standard Chinese, Steven Heine, Stroke order, Taiwanese tea culture, Tathāgata, The Gateless Gate, Tibeto-Burman languages, Varieties of Chinese, Wronger than wrong, Wu wei, WWWJDIC, Yale romanization of Korean, Zen, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, Zhangzhou, Zhaozhou Congshen. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the binary numeral system, or base-2 numeral system, which represents numeric values using two different symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
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Book of Equanimity or Book of Serenity of Book of Composure (從容錄, Chinese: Cóngróng lù, Japanese: Shōyōroku) is the title of a book compiled by Wansong Xingxiu (1166–1246), and first published in 1224.
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Buddha-nature or Buddha Principle refers to several related terms, most notably Tathāgatagarbha and Buddhadhātu.
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Cantonese, or Standard Cantonese (廣東話, 广东话; originally known as 廣州話, 广州话), is the dialect of Yue Chinese spoken in the vicinity of Canton (Guangzhou) in southern China.
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Chan (of), from Sanskrit dhyāna, meaning "meditation" or "meditative state") is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism developed in China from the 6th century CE onwards, becoming dominant during the Tang and Song dynasties. After the Yuan, Chan more or less fused with Pure Land Buddhism. Chan spread south to Vietnam as Thiền and east to Korea as Seon, and, in the 13th century, to Japan, where it became known as Zen.
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All Chinese characters are logograms, but several different types can be identified, based on the manner in which they are formed or derived.
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States eras, during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought", which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments.
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Classical Chinese (古文, gǔwén, "ancient text") is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old Chinese.
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In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
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Dahui Zonggao(1089–1163) (大慧宗杲; Wade–Giles: Ta-hui Tsung-kao; Japanese: Daie Sōkō) was a 12th-century Chinese Chan (Zen) master.
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A delusion is a belief held with strong conviction despite superior evidence to the contrary.
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Douglas Richard Hofstadter (born February 15, 1945) is an American professor of cognitive science whose research focuses on the sense of "I", consciousness, analogy-making, artistic creation, literary translation, and discovery in mathematics and physics.
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East Asian languages belong to several language families that are generally believed to be genetically unrelated, but share many features due to interaction.
An electronic circuit is composed of individual electronic components, such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors and diodes, connected by conductive wires or traces through which electric current can flow.
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First-order logic is a formal system used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science.
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Gödel's incompleteness theorems are two theorems of mathematical logic that establish inherent limitations of all but the most trivial axiomatic systems capable of doing arithmetic.
Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, also known as GEB, is a 1979 book by Douglas Hofstadter.
In grammar the term particle has two different meanings.
was a Sōtō Rōshi, the founder of the Sanbo Kyodan Zen Buddhist organization.
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Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters (hanzi).
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In electronics, high impedance means that a point in a circuit (a node) allows a relatively small amount of current through, per unit of applied voltage at that point.
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A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning, and may differ in spelling.
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The imperative is a grammatical mood that forms commands or requests, including the giving of prohibition or permission, or any other kind of advice or exhortation.
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In linguistics, an impersonal verb is one that has no determinate subject.
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Kanji (漢字), or kan'ji, are the adopted logographic Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese writing system along with hiragana and katakana.
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A;; 공안 (kong'an); công án) is a story, dialogue, question, or statement, which is used in Zen practice to provoke the "great doubt" and test a student's progress in Zen practice.
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Kenshō (見性) is a Japanese term from the Zen tradition.
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A loaded question or complex question fallacy is a question that contains a controversial or unjustified assumption (e.g., a presumption of guilt).
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Ma (間) is a Japanese word which can be roughly translated as "gap", "space", "pause" or "the space between two structural parts." The spatial concept is experienced progressively through intervals of spatial designation.
The Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvāṇa Sūtra or Nirvana Sutra is a Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit text which is one of the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras of Mahāyāna Buddhism.
In logic, a many-valued logic (also multi- or multiple-valued logic) is a propositional calculus in which there are more than two truth values.
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McCune–Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune–Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000.
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Middle Chinese, formerly known as Ancient Chinese, is the historical variety of Chinese that is phonologically recorded in the Qieyun, a rime dictionary first published in 601 and followed by several revised and expanded editions.
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The Mondō (Japanese:問答, Mondō: "questions and answers"; Chinese: wèn-dá) is a recorded collection of dialogues between a pupil and a Rōshi (a Zen Buddhist teacher).
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Nondualism, also called non-duality, "points to the idea that the universe and all its multiplicity are ultimately expressions or appearances of one essential reality." It is a term and concept used to define various strands of religious and spiritual thought.
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The phrase "not even wrong" describes any argument that purports to be scientific but fails at some fundamental level, usually in that it contains a terminal logical fallacy or it cannot be falsified by experiment (i.e. tested with the possibility of being rejected), or cannot be used to make predictions about the natural world.
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Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the form of Chinese spoken from the beginning of written records (around 1200 BC) until the 3rd century BC.
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The Pacific Zen Institute (PZI), is a Zen Buddhist practice center in Santa Rosa, California.
Perl 6 is a member of the Perl family of programming languages.
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The Proto-Tibeto-Burman language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Tibeto-Burman languages.
Quanzhou (formerly called Zayton/Chinchew) is the largest city of Fujian Province, People's Republic of China.
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Radical 118 meaning "bamboo" is 1 of 29 Kangxi radicals (214 radicals total) composed of 6 strokes.
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Radical 136 meaning "oppose" is 1 of 29 Kangxi radicals (214 radicals total) composed of 6 strokes.
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The Revised Romanization of Korean (국어의 로마자 표기법; lit. Roman letter notation of national language) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea proclaimed by Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, replacing the older McCune–Reischauer system.
The Rinzai school (Japanese: Rinzai-shū, Chinese: 临济宗 línjì zōng) is one of three sects of Zen in Japanese Buddhism (with Sōtō and Ōbaku).
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Robert Maynard Pirsig (born September 6, 1928) is an American writer and philosopher, and the author of the philosophical novels Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values (1974) and Lila: An Inquiry into Morals (1991).
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is a Zen sect derived from both the Rinzai and Sōtō traditions.
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Seal script is an ancient style of Chinese calligraphy.
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Sino-Japanese is often used to mean.
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Sino-Japanese vocabulary, or, refers to that portion of the Japanese vocabulary that originated in Chinese or has been created from elements borrowed from Chinese.
Sino-Korean or Hanja-eo (Korean: 한자어, Hanja) refers to the set of words in the Korean language vocabulary that originated from or were influenced by hanja.
Sino-Vietnamese (Vietnamese: Hán-Việt) are the elements in the Vietnamese language derived from Chinese.
Sino-Xenic (or Sinoxenic) pronunciations are regular systems for reading Chinese in Japan, Korea and Vietnam, originating in medieval times and the source of large-scale borrowings of Chinese words into the Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese languages, none of which are genetically related to Chinese.
Southern Min, or Min Nan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in certain parts of China including southern Fujian, eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang, and in Taiwan.
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Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin and Putonghua, sometimes simply referred to as "Mandarin", is a standard language that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
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Steven Heine (born 1950) is a Professor of Religion and History as well as Director of the Institute for Asian Studies.
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Stroke order (筆順 hitsujun or 書き順 kaki-jun; 필순 筆順 pilsun or 획순 畫順 hoeksun) refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character are written.
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Taiwanese tea culture includes tea arts, traditional tea ceremonies, and the social aspects of tea consumption.
Tathāgata is a Pali and Sanskrit word; Gautama Buddha uses it when referring to himself in the Pāli Canon. The term is often thought to mean either "one who has thus gone" (tathā-gata) or "one who has thus come" (tathā-āgata). This is interpreted as signifying that the Tathāgata is beyond all coming and going – beyond all transitory phenomena. There are, however, other interpretations and the precise original meaning of the word is not certain.Chalmers, Robert. The Buddha is quoted on numerous occasions in the Pali Canon as referring to himself as the Tathāgata instead of using the pronouns me, I or myself. This may be meant to emphasize by implication that the teaching is uttered by one who has transcended the human condition, one beyond the otherwise endless cycle of rebirth and death, i.e. beyond dukkha. The term also occurs as a synonym for arhat, identifying one who has attained the ultimate in the holy life.Peter Harvey, The Selfless Mind. Curzon Press 1995 There is even a sense in which such a one is no longer human. "a tathāgata, a superior state of being (uttama-puriso)". In the new religious movement of Falun Gong; the Tathāgata of a realm is the highest level enlightened being that can still manifest on earth to interact with human beings in order to save them. Founder Li Hongzhi claimed that both Jesus and Laozi were Tathāgatas.Li Hongzhi, Zhuan Falun II. Minghui Press 2008.
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The Gateless Gate (Mandarin: 無門關 Wúménguān; Japanese: 無門関 Mumonkan), more accurately translated as The Gateless Barrier, is a collection of 48 Chan (Zen) koans compiled in the early 13th century by the Chinese Zen master Wumen Huikai (無門慧開; Japanese: Mumon Ekai; 1183–1260).
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The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia, as well as lowland areas in Myanmar (Burma).
Chinese (/ Hànyǔ) or Sinitic is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family, consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
Wronger than wrong, described by Michael Shermer as Asimov's axiom, is a mistake discussed in Isaac Asimov's book of essays, The Relativity of Wrong.
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Wu wei (a variant and derivatives:; English, lit. non-doing) is an important concept in Taoism that literally means non-action or non-doing.
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WWWJDIC is an online Japanese dictionary based on the electronic dictionaries compiled and Jcjdicjd collected by Australian academic Jim Breen.
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The Yale romanization of Korean was developed by Samuel Elmo Martin and his colleagues at Yale University about half a decade after McCune–Reischauer.
Zen (Middle Chinese) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chán. It was strongly influenced by Taoism, and developed as a distinguished Chinese style of Buddhism. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam, northeast to Korea and east to Japan, where it became known as Japanese Zen. Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher. The teachings of Zen include various sources of Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogācāra, the Tathāgatagarbha Sutras and Huayan, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature and, to a lesser extent, Madhyamaka have also been influential in the shaping of the "paradoxical language" of the Zen-tradition.
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Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values (ZAMM), first published in 1974, is a work of philosophical non-fiction, the first of Robert M. Pirsig's texts in which he explores his Metaphysics of Quality.
Zhangzhou (formerly Lung-ch'i) is a prefecture-level city in southern Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
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Zhàozhōu Cōngshěn (Wade-Giles: Chao-chou Ts'ung-shen; Jōshū Jūshin) (778–897) was a Chán (Zen) Buddhist master especially known for his "paradoxical statements and strange deeds".
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