141 relations: Alpine swift, Bambusa, Bat, Bengal monitor, Bengal tiger, Besra, Black eagle, Black-and-orange flycatcher, Black-headed cuckooshrike, Black-hooded oriole, Black-rumped flameback, Blue-winged parakeet, Bonelli's eagle, Bonnet macaque, Brown hawk-owl, Carnivora, Carnivore, Changeable hawk-eagle, Chestnut-headed bee-eater, Chital, Cinnamomum malabatrum, Climate of India, Climatic regions of India, Coimbatore, Common emerald dove, Common krait, Crested goshawk, Crested honey buzzard, Crested serpent eagle, Crimson-backed sunbird, Critically endangered, Dalbergia, Deccan thorn scrub forests, Dendrocalamus strictus, Dhole, Draco blanfordii, Dregea volubilis, Eastern Ghats, Ecotourism, Endangered species, Entada rheedii, Eurasian golden oriole, Even-toed ungulate, Fairy-bluebird, Forest wagtail, Gaur, Gnetum, Golden jackal, Gray langur, Greater racket-tailed drongo, ..., Green imperial pigeon, Grey francolin, Grey-bellied cuckoo, Grey-fronted green pigeon, Grey-headed bulbul, Gudalur, Nilgiris, Hornbill, India-based Neutrino Observatory, Indian cobra, Indian cuckoo, Indian elephant, Indian giant squirrel, Indian leopard, Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, Indian Standard Time, Indian vulture, Insectivora, Invasive species, IUCN protected area categories, Jerdon's baza, Jungle cat, Junglefowl, Karnataka, Köppen climate classification, Kerala, Lagomorpha, Lantana, Leafbird, Leopard cat, Lesser yellownape, List of birds of South India, List of districts in India, Litsea nigrescens, Loten's sunbird, Malabar grey hornbill, Malabar trogon, Mangifera indica, Millettia pinnata, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Minivet, Mottled wood owl, National Tiger Conservation Authority, Near-threatened species, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Nilgiri mountains, Order (biology), Painted bush quail, Painted spurfowl, Pangolin, Paradise flycatcher, Peafowl, Postal Index Number, Precipitation, Primate, Proboscidea, Project Tiger, Python molurus, Red giant flying squirrel, Red spurfowl, Reptile, Riparian forest, Rodent, Rufous-bellied eagle, Sambar deer, Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Singara, Sloth bear, Streak-throated woodpecker, Striped hyena, Striped tit-babbler, Syzygium cumini, Tamil language, Tamil Nadu, Terminalia arjuna, The Nilgiris District, Thicket, Trimeresurus, Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, UNESCO, Ungulate, Vulnerable species, Western Ghats, White-bellied woodpecker, White-rumped vulture, Wild boar, Wildlife corridor, Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site. Expand index (91 more) » « Shrink index
The Alpine swift (Tachymarptis melba) formerly Apus melba, is a species of swift.
Bambusa is a large genus of clumping bamboos.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
The Bengal monitor (Varanus bengalensis) or common Indian monitor, is a monitor lizard found widely distributed over the Indian Subcontinent, as well as parts of Southeast Asia and West Asia.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
The Besra also called Besra Sparrowhawk (Accipiter virgatus) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae.
The black eagle (Ictinaetus malaiensis) is a bird of prey.
The black-and-orange flycatcher or black-and-rufous flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa) is a species of flycatcher endemic to the central and southern Western Ghats, the Nilgiris and Palni hill ranges in southern India.
The black-headed cuckooshrike (Coracina melanoptera) is a species of cuckooshrike found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The black-hooded oriole (Oriolus xanthornus) is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia.
The black-rumped flameback (Dinopium benghalense), also known as the lesser golden-backed woodpecker or lesser goldenback, is a woodpecker found widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent.
The blue-winged parakeet, also known as the Malabar parakeet (Psittacula columboides) is a species of parakeet endemic to the Western Ghats of southern India.
The Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) is a large bird of prey.
The bonnet macaque also known as zatiChambers English Dictionary (Macaca radiata) is a macaque endemic to southern India.
The brown hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata), also known as the brown boobook, is an owl which is a resident breeder in south Asia from India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal east to western Indonesia and south China.
Carnivora (from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals.
A carnivore, meaning "meat eater" (Latin, caro, genitive carnis, meaning "meat" or "flesh" and vorare meaning "to devour"), is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue, whether through predation or scavenging.
The changeable hawk-eagle or crested hawk-eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus) is a bird of prey species of the family Accipitridae.
The chestnut-headed bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti), or bay-headed bee-eater, is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family Meropidae.
The chital or cheetal (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer or axis deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent.
Cinnamomum malabatrum, wild cinnamon, country cinnamon also known as Malabathrum, is a tree in the Lauraceae family that is endemic to Western Ghats of India.
The Climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult.
India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size.
Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்), also known as Kovai, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The common emerald dove, Asian emerald dove, or grey-capped emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and east through Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, the Sakishima Islands of Japan and Indonesia.
The common krait (Bungarus caeruleus), also known as Indian krait or blue krait) is a species of venomous snake of the genus Bungarus found in the jungles of the Indian subcontinent. It is a member of the "big four" species, inflicting the most snakebites on humans in India.
The crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) is a bird of prey from tropical Asia.
The crested honey buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, eagles, and harriers.
The crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela) is a medium-sized bird of prey that is found in forested habitats across tropical Asia.
The crimson-backed sunbird or small sunbird (Leptocoma minima) is a sunbird endemic to the Western Ghats of India.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
The Deccan thorn scrub forests are a xeric shrubland ecoregion of India and southernmost Sri Lanka.
Dendrocalamus strictus is a bamboo species belonging to the Dendrocalamus genus.
The dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia.
Draco blanfordii, commonly known as Blanford's flying dragon, Blandford’s flying lizard, or Blanford's gliding lizard, is a species of "flying" lizard in the family Agamidae.
Dregea volubilis is a species of plant in the Apocynaceae family that is native to India.
The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
Entada rheedii, commonly known as the African dream herb or snuff box sea bean, and as the cacoon vine in Jamaica, is a large woody liana or climber.
The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) or simply golden oriole, is the only member of the oriole family of passerine birds breeding in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions.
The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla) are ungulates (hoofed animals) whose weight is borne equally by the third and fourth toes.
The two fairy-bluebirds are small passerine bird species found in forests and plantations in tropical southern Asia and the Philippines.
The forest wagtail (Dendronanthus indicus) is a medium-sized passerine bird in the wagtail family Motacillidae.
The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.
Gnetum is a genus of gymnosperms, the sole genus in the family Gnetaceae and order Gnetales.
The golden jackal (Canis aureus) is a wolf-like canid that is native to Southeast Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, and regions of Southeast Asia.
Gray langurs or Hanuman langurs, the most widespread langurs of the Indian Subcontinent, are a group of Old World monkeys constituting the entirety of the genus Semnopithecus (from Ancient Greek σεμνός semnós, “revered, august, holy”, and πίθηκος píthēkos, “ape, monkey”).
The greater racket-tailed drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) is a medium-sized Asian bird which is distinctive in having elongated outer tail feathers with webbing restricted to the tips.
The green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea) is a large forest pigeon.
The grey francolin (formerly also called the grey partridge, but not to be confused with the European grey partridge) Francolinus pondicerianus is a species of francolin found in the plains and drier parts of South Asia.
The grey-bellied cuckoo or the Indian plaintive cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus) is a cuckoo with widespread occurrence throughout Asia.
The grey-fronted green pigeon (Treron affinis) is a pigeon in the genus Treron.
The grey-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus priocephalus) is a member of the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae.
Gudalur is a municipality and taluk in Nilgiris district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Melanesia.
India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is a particle physics research project under construction to primarily study atmospheric neutrinos in a deep cave under Ino Peak near Theni, Tamil Nadu, India.
The Indian cobra (Naja naja) also known as the spectacled cobra, Asian cobra, or binocellate cobra is a species of the genus Naja found in the India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan, and a member of the "big four" species that inflict the most snakebites on humans in India.
The Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, that is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.
The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, (Ratufa indica) is a large tree squirrel species in the genus Ratufa native to India.
The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called red muntjac and barking deer, is a common muntjac deer species in South and Southeast Asia.
The Indian spotted chevrotain (Moschiola indica) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the family Tragulidae found in India and possibly Nepal.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) is an Old World vulture native to India, Pakistan and Nepal.
The order Insectivora (from Latin insectum "insect" and vorare "to eat") is a now-abandoned biological grouping within the class of mammals.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Jerdon's baza (Aviceda jerdoni) is a moderate sized brown hawk with a thin white-tipped black crest usually held erect.
The jungle cat (Felis chaus), also called reed cat and swamp cat, is a medium-sized cat native to the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia and southern China.
Junglefowl are the four living species of bird from the genus Gallus in the Gallinaceous bird order, which occur in India, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
The lagomorphs are the members of the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, of which there are two living families: the Leporidae (hares and rabbits) and the Ochotonidae (pikas).
Lantana is a genus of about 150 species of perennial flowering plants in the verbena family, Verbenaceae.
The leafbirds (Chloropseidae) are a family of small passerine bird species found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) is a small wild cat native to continental South, Southeast and East Asia.
The lesser yellownape (Picus chlorolophus) is a type of woodpecker which is a widespread and often common breeder in tropical and sub-tropical Asia, primarily the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
This list of birds of South India includes bird from India south approximately of the Narmada River.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
Litsea nigrescens is a species of plant in the Lauraceae family.
The Loten's sunbird, long-billed sunbird or maroon-breasted sunbird, (Cinnyris lotenius) is a sunbird endemic to peninsular India and Sri Lanka.
The Malabar grey hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) is a hornbill endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India.
The Malabar trogon (Harpactes fasciatus) is a species of bird in the trogon family.
Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango, is a species of flowering plant in the sumac and poison ivy family Anacardiaceae.
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre is a species of tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, native in tropical and temperate Asia including parts of Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, Malaysia, Australia and Pacific islands.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is an Indian government ministry.
The minivets are passerine birds belonging to the genus Pericrocotus in the cuckoo-shrike family Campephagidae.
The mottled wood owl (Strix ocellata) is a species of large owl found in India.
The National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) was established in December 2005 following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force, constituted by the Prime Minister of India for reorganised management of Project Tiger and the many Tiger Reserves in India.
A near-threatened species is a species which has been categorized as "Near Threatened" (NT) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as that may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status.
The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats and Nilgiri Hills ranges of South India.
The Nilgiri Mountains (Tamil: நீலகிரி;Neelagiri, literally blue hills) form part of the Western Ghats in western Tamil Nadu of Southern India.
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
The painted bush quail (Perdicula erythrorhyncha) is a species of quail found in the hill forests of India.
The painted spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata) is a bird of the pheasant family found in rocky hill and scrub forests mainly in peninsular India.
Pangolins or scaly anteaters are mammals of the order Pholidota (from the Greek word φολῐ́ς, "horny scale").
The paradise flycatchers (Terpsiphone), are a genus of bird in the family Monarchidae.
The peafowl include three species of birds in the genera Pavo and Afropavo of the Phasianidae family, the pheasants and their allies.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
The Proboscidea (from the Greek προβοσκίς and the Latin proboscis) are a taxonomic order of afrotherian mammals containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several extinct families.
Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's tenure.
Python molurus is a large nonvenomous python species found in many tropic and subtropic areas of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The red giant flying squirrel or common giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista) is a species of flying squirrel, found in northern South Asia, southern China and Southeast Asia.
The red spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea) is a member of the pheasant family and is endemic to India.
Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives.
A riparian forest or riparian woodland is a forested or wooded area of land adjacent to a body of water such as a river, stream, pond, lake, marshland, estuary, canal, sink or reservoir.
Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.
The rufous-bellied eagle or rufous-bellied hawk-eagle (Lophotriorchis kienerii) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae that is found in the forested regions of tropical Asia.
The sambar (Rusa unicolor) is a large deer native to the Indian subcontinent, southern China, and Southeast Asia that is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2008.
The Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) is a national centre for information, education and research in ornithology and natural history in India.
Singara (tà Síggara) was a strongly fortified post at the northern extremity of Mesopotamia, which for a while, as appears from coins found, was occupied by the Romans as an advanced colony against the Persians.
The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), also known as the labiated bear, is an insectivorous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent.
The streak-throated woodpecker (Picus xanthopygaeus) is a species of woodpecker found in the Indian subcontinent.
The striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) is a species of hyena native to North and East Africa, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
The striped tit-babbler has been split into 2 species.
Syzygium cumini, commonly known as jambolan, Java plum, black plum or jamun, is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Terminalia arjuna is a tree of the genus Terminalia.
The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
A thicket is a very dense stand of trees or tall shrubs, often dominated by only one or a few species, to the exclusion of all others.
Trimeresurus is a genus of venomous pit vipers found in Asia from the Indian Subcontinent throughout Southeast Asia, China and the Pacific Islands.
The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, monsoon forest, vine thicket, vine scrub and dry rainforest is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Ungulates (pronounced) are any members of a diverse group of primarily large mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinoceroses, and even-toed ungulates such as cattle, pigs, giraffes, camels, deer, and hippopotami.
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India.
The white-bellied woodpecker or great black woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) is found in evergreen forests of tropical Asia, including the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The White-Rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) is an Old World vulture native to South and Southeast Asia.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
A wildlife corridor, habitat corridor, or green corridor is an area of habitat connecting wildlife populations separated by human activities or structures (such as roads, development, or logging).
The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.