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The Abhira kingdom in the Mahabharata is either of two kingdoms near the Sarasvati river.
ABP Mazha is a 24-hour free-to-air Marathi news channel in India.
Aditi Phadnis is a political writer.
Adlabs Imagica is a 130-acre theme park in Khopoli, India.
The city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, is divided into administrative divisions.
The AEC Routemaster is a front-engined double-decker bus that was designed by London Transport and built by the Associated Equipment Company (AEC) and Park Royal Vehicles.
Air India FC, is an Indian professional football club founded by Anand Prajapati in 1952, based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Aksa Beach is a popular beach and a vacation spot in Aksa village at Malad, Mumbai, India.
All India Radio (AIR), officially known since 1956 as Ākāshvāṇī ("Voice from the Sky") is the national public radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Amplitude modulation (AM) is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave.
Anant Atmaram Kanekar (1905–1980) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Andheri is a locality of West Mumbai.
Andheri is a passenger rail station located at Andheri suburb of Mumbai.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (Ἀντίοχος ὁ Ἐπιφανής, Antíochos ho Epiphanḗs, "God Manifest"; c. 215 BC – 164 BC) was a Hellenistic Greek king of the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC.
The Arabian Sea, also known as Sea of Oman, is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, and on the east by India.
Aravind Adiga (born 23 October 1974) is an Indo-Australian writer and journalist.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is a Government of India (Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
The Atomic Energy Commission is the governing body of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India.
The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) was constituted on 15 November 1983 by the President of India by exercising the powers conferred by Section 27 of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962 (33 of 1962) to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions under the Act.
The ATP World Tour 250 series (previously known as the ATP World Series and ATP International Series) is the fifth-highest tier of men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments, ATP Finals, ATP World Tour Masters 1000, and ATP World Tour 500.
An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
The Babri Masjid (translation: Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India.
Backyard cricket, street cricket, beach cricket, gully cricket, corridor cricket, deef or garden cricket is an informal ad hoc variant of the game of cricket, played by people of all genders and all ages in gardens, back yards, on the street, in parks, carparks, beaches and any area not specifically intended for the purpose.
Bahadur Khan Gilani was an officer of the Gujarat Sultanate.
Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to 1535 and again from 1536 to 1537.
The Bahmani Sultanate (also called the Bahmanid Empire or Bahmani Kingdom) was a Muslim state of the Deccan in South India and one of the major medieval Indian kingdoms.
The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is the third largest national political party in India.
Baji Rao (18 August 1700 – 28 April 1740) was a general of the Maratha Empire in India.
Baji Rao II (10 January 1775 – 28 January 1851) was the last Peshwa of the Maratha Empire, and governed from 1795 to 1818.
Balshastri Jambhekar (बाळशास्त्री जांभेकर) (6 January 1812 – 18 May 1846) is also known as Father of Marathi journalism for his efforts in starting journalism in Marathi language with the first newspaper in the language named 'Darpan' in the early days of British Rule in India.
Bandra is a neighborhood located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Bandra Fair is a week-long fair held annually in the Bandra suburb of Mumbai, India.
The Bandra Kurla Complex is a planned commercial complex in the city of Mumbai, India.
Bandra Terminus is a railway terminus in Bandra from where trains bound for northern and western India are scheduled regularly.
The Bandra–Worli Sea Link is a cable-stayed bridge with pre-stressed concrete-steel viaducts on either side that links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
Banganga or Banganga Tank is an ancient water tank which is part of the Walkeshwar Temple Complex in Malabar Hill area of Mumbai in India.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of Khadki,also known as Battle of Kirkee or Ganesh Khind, took place at Khadki, India on 5 November 1817 between the forces of the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire under the leadership of Baji Rao II.
The Bene Israel ("Sons of Israel"), formerly known in India as the "Shanivar Teli" caste (Saturday Oil Presser caste) and later as the "Native Jew Caste", are a historic community of Jews in India.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India's premier nuclear research facility headquartered in Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Bhandup is a suburban community within the municipality of Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, in the state of Maharashtra, India and is also the name of a Bhandup railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Central Railway line.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Bharti Airtel Limited (commonly shortened to Airtel and stylised airtel) is an Indian global telecommunications services company based in New Delhi, India.
Bhatsa Dam, is an earthfill and gravity dam on Bhatsa river near Shahapur, Thane district in state of Maharashtra in India.
Bhima, also known as Bhimdev or Bimba-Shah, was a 13th-century Indian king (raja) who established his capital in Mahikavati, the present-day Mahim, in Mumbai.
A billionaire, in countries that use the short scale number naming system, is a person with a net worth of at least one billion (1,000,000,000, i.e. a thousand million) units of a given currency, usually major currencies such as the United States dollar, the euro or the pound sterling.
Biomedical engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic).
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
In the United States and (at least some) other English-speaking countries, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs manual labor.
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Bombay Castle (also Casa da Orta) is one of the oldest defensive structures built in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay).
Bombay Citizens' Committee was an advocacy group which lobbied to keep Bombay city out of Maharashtra during the state reorganisation.
The Bombay Flying Club is the oldest flying club in India.
Bombay Gymkhana established in 1875, is one of the premiere gymkhanas (sports arena) in the city of Mumbai, India.
Bombay High Court (IAST) is one of the oldest High Courts of India.
Bombay Hindi, also known as Bambaiya Hindi, Mumbaiyya, or Bombay Hindi-Urdu, is the variety of Hindi-Urdu (Hindustani) spoken in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India.
The Bombay plague epidemic was a bubonic plague epidemic that struck the city of Mumbai (then known as Bombay) in the late nineteenth century.
The Bombay Presidency, also known as Bombay and Sind from 1843 to 1936 and the Bombay Province, was an administrative subdivision (presidency) of British India.
The Bombay Riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which around 900 people died.
The Bombay Samachar, now Mumbai Samachar (Gujarati:મુંબઈ સમાચાર), is the oldest continuously published newspaper in India.
Bombay State was a large Indian state created at the time of India's Independence, with other regions being added to it in the succeeding years. Bombay Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra and Vidarbha) was merged with the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat (the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. On November 1, 1956, Bombay State was re-organized under the States Reorganisation Act on linguistic lines, absorbing various territories including the Saurashtra and Kutch States, which ceased to exist. On May 1, 1960, Bombay State was dissolved and split on linguistic lines into the two states of Gujarat, with Gujarati speaking population and Maharashtra, with Marathi speaking population.
The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai (formerly Bombay).
The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.
Borivali or Borivli is a neighborhood located in north-west Mumbai.
Borivali is a railway station on the Western line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway network.
The Brabourne Stadium is a cricket ground in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport (BEST) Undertaking is the civic transport and electricity provider public body based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Brihanmumbai Mahanagar Palika election, 2012 (Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation election, 2012) was an election of members to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation which took place on 16 February 2012.
The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, also known as Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), is the governing civic body of Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
BTVI, formerly known as Bloomberg TV India, Bloomberg UTV and UTVi, is a 24-hour English news channel in Business-Economy genre run by Business Broadcast News Pvt.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
Business process outsourcing (BPO) is defined as a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of a specific business process to a third-party service provider.
Business Standard is the third largest Indian English-language daily newspaper published by Business Standard Ltd (BSL) in two languages, English and Hindi.
BW Businessworld is an Indian business magazine.
Byculla is a neighbourhood in South Mumbai.
A cable-stayed bridge has one or more towers (or pylons), from which cables support the bridge deck.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Castella de Aguada (Portuguese: Fort of the Waterpoint), also known as the Bandra Fort, is a fort located in Bandra, Mumbai.
Catherine of Braganza (Catarina; 25 November 1638 – 31 December 1705) was queen consort of England, of Scotland and of Ireland from 1662 to 1685, as the wife of King Charles II.
In modern usage, a causeway is a road or railway on top of an embankment usually across a broad body of water or wetland.
The Central Business District of Belapur (C.B.D Belapur) is a node of Navi Mumbai.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoE,FCC).
The Central Provinces and Berar was a province of British India and later the Dominion of India which existed from 1936 to 1950.
Central Railway (abbreviated CR and मध्य) is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways.
The act of cession is the assignment of property to another entity.
The Chalukya dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries.
The Champions Tennis League (CTL) was a team tennis tournament in India held two times only in November 2014 and in late 2015, across six Indian cities.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, formerly known as Sahar International Airport, is the primary international airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area, India.
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (translation: 'king Shivaji museum'), abbreviated CSMVS and formerly named the Prince of Wales Museum of Western India, is the main museum in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) formerly known as Victoria Terminus is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Churchgate is an area in south Mumbai.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
CIRUS (Canadian-Indian Reactor Uranium System) was a research reactor at the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in Trombay near Mumbai, India.
The City and Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra (CIDCO) is an Indian city planning and richest government authority formed and controlled by the Government of Maharashtra.
The Classification of Indian cities is a ranking system used by the Government of India to allocate House Rent Allowance (HRA) to public servants employed in different cities in India.
CNBC Awaaz is a Hindi business news TV channel in India.
Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.
Colaba is a part of the city of Mumbai, India, and also a Lok Sabha constituency.
Colors Marathi previously known as ETV Marathi (Marathi: Colors मराठी) is an Indian television channel that primarily broadcasts Marathi entertainment based in Mumbai.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Commercial broadcasting (also called private broadcasting) is the broadcasting of television programs and radio programming by privately owned corporate media, as opposed to state sponsorship.
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
Compressed natural gas (CNG) (methane stored at high pressure) is a fuel which can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of computer science and electronics engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.
Conditional access (abbreviated CA) or conditional access system (abbreviated CAS) is the protection of content by requiring certain criteria to be met before granting access to the content.
The Consulate General of the United States in Mumbai represents the interests of the U.S. government in Mumbai, India and nearby surrounding areas.
The Cooperage Football Stadium is a football stadium in Mumbai, India.
A corporate tax, also called corporation tax or company tax, is a direct tax imposed by a jurisdiction on the income or capital of corporations or analogous legal entities.
The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) is a privately-held national level board of school education in India that conducts the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the Indian School Certificate examinations for Class X and Class XII respectively.
In Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi cities, the Small Causes Court is responsible for adjudicating matters related to civil cases.
A tidal creek, tidal channel, or estuary is the portion of a stream that is affected by ebb and flow of ocean tides, in the case that the subject stream discharges to an ocean, sea or strait.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cuffe Parade is an upmarket neighbourhood in South Mumbai.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in India.
Current Science is an English-language peer-reviewed multidisciplinary scientific journal.
Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting tariffs and for controlling the flow of goods, including animals, transports, personal, and hazardous items, into and out of a country.
Dadar Terminus railway station is a major railway station in Mumbai City district, Maharashtra.
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (दादासाहेब फाळके) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944), was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the Father of Indian cinema.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (DNH in initials) is a union territory in Western India.
Located just inside the city limits, Dahisar is the northernmost neighborhood (and railway station) of Mumbai.
Dahisar River is a river on Salsette island that runs through Dahisar, a suburb of Mumbai, India.
Daily News and Analysis (DNA) is an Indian broadsheet newspaper launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format. It targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation.
Daman and Diu is a union territory in Western India.
The Dawoodi Bohras are a sect within the Ismā'īlī branch of Shia Islam.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).
Democratic Front is the name of the former governing coalition in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Deonar dumping ground is a waste dumping ground or landfill in the city of Mumbai.
The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) (IAST: Paramāṇu Ūrjā Vibhāga) is a department directly under the Prime Minister of India with headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
A derby is a type of horse race named after the Derby Stakes run at Epsom Downs Racecourse in England.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
The originally Persian title dewan (also known as diwan, also spelled or devan/ divan) has, at various points in Islamic history, designated a powerful government official, minister or ruler.
Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
DishTV India Ltd. (stylised as dishtv) is India's Direct to Home (DTH) television operator using MPEG-4, DVB-S2 and MPEG-2 digital compression technology.
A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).
Doordarshan (abbreviated in English as DD) is an autonomous public service broadcaster founded by the Government of India, which is owned by the Broadcasting Ministry of India and is one of two divisions of Prasar Bharati.
Duarte Barbosa (c. 1480, Lisbon, Portugal1 May 1521, Philippines) was a Portuguese writer and officer from Portuguese India (between 1500 and 1516).
Durga Puja, also called Durgotsava, is an annual Hindu festival in the Indian subcontinent that reveres the goddess Durga. Durga Puja is believed to be the greatest festival of the Bengali people. It is particularly popular in West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Tripura, Bangladesh and the diaspora from this region, and also in Nepal where it is called Dashain. The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, typically September or October of the Gregorian calendar, and is a multi-day festival that features elaborate temple and stage decorations (pandals), scripture recitation, performance arts, revelry, and processions. It is a major festival in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism across India and Shakta Hindu diaspora. Durga Puja festival marks the battle of goddess Durga with the shape-shifting, deceptive and powerful buffalo demon Mahishasura, and her emerging victorious. Thus, the festival epitomises the victory of good over evil, but it also is in part a harvest festival that marks the goddess as the motherly power behind all of life and creation. The Durga Puja festival dates coincide with Vijayadashami (Dussehra) observed by other traditions of Hinduism, where the Ram Lila is enacted — the victory of Rama is marked and effigies of demon Ravana are burnt instead. The primary goddess revered during Durga Puja is Durga, but her stage and celebrations feature other major deities of Hinduism such as goddess Lakshmi (goddess of wealth, prosperity), Saraswati (goddess of knowledge and music), Ganesha (god of good beginnings) and Kartikeya (god of war). The latter two are considered to be children of Durga (Parvati). The Hindu god Shiva, as Durga's husband, is also revered during this festival. The festival begins on the first day with Mahalaya, marking Durga's advent in her battle against evil. Starting with the sixth day (Sasthi), the goddess is welcomed, festive Durga worship and celebrations begin in elaborately decorated temples and pandals hosting the statues. Lakshmi and Saraswati are revered on the following days. The festival ends of the tenth day of Vijaya Dashami, when with drum beats of music and chants, Shakta Hindu communities start a procession carrying the colorful clay statues to a river or ocean and immerse them, as a form of goodbye and her return to divine cosmos and Mount Kailash. The festival is an old tradition of Hinduism, though it is unclear how and in which century the festival began. Surviving manuscripts from the 14th century provide guidelines for Durga puja, while historical records suggest royalty and wealthy families were sponsoring major Durga Puja public festivities since at least the 16th century. The prominence of Durga Puja increased during the British Raj in its provinces of Bengal and Assam. Durga Puja is a ten-day festival, of which the last five are typically special and an annual holiday in regions such as West Bengal, Odisha and Tripura where it is particularly popular. In the contemporary era, the importance of Durga Puja is as much as a social festival as a religious one wherever it is observed.
The United East India Company, sometimes known as the United East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in modern spelling; abbreviated to VOC), better known to the English-speaking world as the Dutch East India Company or sometimes as the Dutch East Indies Company, was a multinational corporation that was founded in 1602 from a government-backed consolidation of several rival Dutch trading companies.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
The Indian subcontinent has a history of devastating earthquakes.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
East Indians, or East Indian Catholics, are an ethno-religious Indian Christian community who are members of the Catholic Church.
The Eastern Express Highway, abbreviated to EEH, is a city express highway serving the city of Mumbai.
The Eastern Freeway is a controlled-access highway, in Mumbai, that connects P D'Mello Road in South Mumbai to the Eastern Express Highway (EEH) at Ghatkopar.
The economy of India is a developing mixed economy.
Mumbai Mumbai, Maharashtra is the entertainment, fashion and commercial centre of India.
Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state and local.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India.
Elections in the Republic of India include elections for the Parliament, Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, the Legislative Assemblies and numerous other Councils and local bodies.
Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a collection of cave temples predominantly dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
Elephanta Island (also called Gharapuri Island or place of caves or Pory Island) is one of a number of islands in Mumbai Harbour, east of Mumbai, India.
The Elite Football League of India (EFLI) is a professional American football league based in India.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
The English overseas possessions, also known as the English colonial empire, comprised a variety of overseas territories that were colonised, conquered, or otherwise acquired by the former Kingdom of England during the centuries before the Acts of Union of 1707 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Eocene Epoch, lasting from, is a major division of the geologic timescale and the second epoch of the Paleogene Period in the Cenozoic Era.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
EsselWorld is an amusement located in Gorai, Mumbai and established in 1989.
ET Now is an English-language business and finance news channel in India, owned and operated by Bennett Coleman & Company Limited.
European emission standards define the acceptable limits for exhaust emissions of new vehicles sold in EU and EEA member states.
Expressways are the highest class of roads in the Indian road network.
Pars Province (استان پارس, Ostān-e Pārs) also known as Fars (Persian: فارس) or Persia in the Greek sources in historical context, is one of the thirty-one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of the country.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
Ferry Wharf aka Bhaucha Dhakka was built by Lakshman Hari Chandarjee Ajinkya(1789-1858).
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Film City is an integrated film studio complex situated near Sanjay Gandhi National Park at Goregaon East, Mumbai in India.
The Filmfare Awards are presented annually by The Times Group to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the '''Hindi''' language film industry of India.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India.
Fodor's is a publisher of English language travel and tourism information and the first relatively professional producer of travel guidebooks.
Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with a foot to score a goal.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Force India Formula One Team Limited, competing as Sahara Force India F1 Team is a Formula One racing team based in Silverstone, United Kingdom, with an Indian licence.
The Formula 1 Powerboat World Championship (also F1) is an international motorboat racing competition for powerboats organised by the Union Internationale Motonautique (UIM) and promoted by H2O Racing, hence it often being referred to as F1H2O.
The Fortune Global 500, also known as Global 500, is an annual ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue and the list is compiled and published annually by Fortune magazine.
The Franciscans are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church, founded in 1209 by Saint Francis of Assisi.
In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.
Galician-Portuguese (galego-portugués or galaico-portugués, galego-português or galaico-português), also known as Old Portuguese or Medieval Galician, was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula.
Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.
Gangadhar Gopal Gadgil (25 August 1923 – 15 September 2008) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.
Gaspar Correia or Gaspar Correa or Gaspar Corrêa (1492The birth date of Gaspae de Correia is uncertain, António Banha de Andrade dates his birth in 1492 or 1496 – c. 1563 in Goa) was a Portuguese historian, author of Lendas da Índia (Legends of India), one of the earliest and most important works about Portuguese rule in Asia, being referred to as a Portuguese Polybius.
The Gateway of India is an arch monument built during the 20th century in Bombay, India.
Geology of Mumbai refers to the geology of the city of the island city of Mumbai.
Girgaon Chowpatty (Marathi: गिरगाव चौपाटी), commonly known as Chaupati (pronounced 'chow-patty'), is one of the famous public beaches adjoining Marine Drive in the Girgaon area of Mumbai, India.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
Gloria Church (Portuguese: Nossa Senhora de Gloria) is one of the oldest Roman Catholic churches in Mumbai; it was built by the Portuguese Franciscans in 1632.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
The Goan Catholics (Goenche Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Roman Catholics and their descendants from the state of Goa, located on the west coast of India.
The Godrej Group is an Indian conglomerate headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, managed and largely owned by the Godrej family.
Good Friday is a Christian holiday celebrating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary.
Gorai is a village in Dharavi Bhet, the North-western part of the island of Salsette near Mumbai, India.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The Government Law College, Mumbai, (GLC Mumbai), founded in 1855, is the oldest law school in Asia.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of Maharashtra is the government for the state of Maharashtra in Western India.
The Grant Government Medical College, Mumbai is a medical college affiliated to the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik.
The Great Bombay textile strike was a textile strike called on 18 January 1982 by the mill workers of Bombay under trade union leader Dutta Samant.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gross metropolitan product (GMP) is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period (e.g., a quarter, a year).
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Gudhi Padva (Marathi, Konkani: गुढी पाडवा, IAST: Guḍhī Pāḍavā) is a spring-time festival that marks the traditional new year for Marathi Hindus.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
The Gujarat Sultanate was a medieval Indian kingdom established in the early 15th century in present-day Gujarat, India.
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Gujarati people or Gujaratis (ગુજરાતી) are an ethnic group traditionally from Gujarat that speak Gujarati, an Indo-Aryan language.
The Haji Ali Dargah is a mosque and dargah (tomb) located on an islet off the coast of Worli in the southern part of Mumbai.
A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
The Ancient history of Mumbai recounts the history of Mumbai from 300 BCE to 1348 CE.
The history of the Jews in Mumbai (previously known as Bombay), India, began when Jews started settling in Bombay during the 18th century, due to its economic opportunities.
Hockey India League (HIL), known as the Coal India Hockey India League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional field hockey league in India.
Holi (Holī), also known as the "festival of colours", is a spring festival celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent as well as in countries with large Indian subcontinent diaspora populations such as Jamaica, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mauritius, and Fiji.
The Hornby Vellard was a project to build a causeway uniting all seven islands of Bombay into a single island with a deep natural harbour.
A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud, ice, and other surfaces.
Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad (نصیرالدین محمد|translit.
Hutatma Chowk (Marathi: हुतात्मा चौक) ("Martyrs' Square") is the official name of a square in South Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Hyderabad State was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India with its capital at the city of Hyderabad.
The I-League is a men's professional football league in India.
The ICC Champions Trophy was a one day international (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC), second in importance only to the Cricket World Cup.
Idea Cellular (commonly referred to as simply Idea, and stylised as !dea) is an Indian mobile network operator based at Mumbai, Maharashtra.Idea is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G, 3G and 4G mobile services.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India after Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy is a book by Indian historian Ramachandra Guha, published by HarperCollins in August 2007.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.
The Indian Cricket League (ICL) was a private cricket league funded by Zee Entertainment Enterprises that operated between 2007 and 2009 in India.
Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of India.
Indian Express Limited is an Indian news media publishing company.
The Indian general election of 2014 was held to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha, electing members of parliament for all 543 parliamentary constituencies of India.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (abbreviated IITB or IIT Bombay) is a public engineering institution located at Powai, Mumbai, India.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian National Science Academy (INSA) in New Delhi is the apex body of Indian scientists representing all branches of science and technology.
The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.
The Indian Premier League (IPL), officially Vivo Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons, is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing Indian cities and some states.
Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways.
Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL) is a government-owned corporation in India based in Mumbai.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.
The Indian Super League (ISL) is a men's professional football league in India.
Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, Hindoo style) was an architectural style mostly used by British architects in India in the later 19th century, especially in public and government buildings in the British Raj, and the palaces of rulers of the princely states.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), formerly the University Department of Chemical Technology (UDCT), is a chemical technology research university located in Mumbai, India.
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).
The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly known as the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is an international educational foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and founded in 1968.
The International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is an English language curriculum offered to students to prepare them for International Baccalaureate, A Level and BTEC Level 3 (which is recommended for higher-tier students).
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Isle of Bombay was one of the Seven Islands of Bombay, an archipelago of islands that were, in the eighteenth century, connected to form the area of the modern city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) in India.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is the Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, also known as Nhava Sheva, is the largest container port in India.
The Jehangir Art Gallery is an art gallery in Mumbai (India).
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Jijamata Udyaan formerly called Raani Baag (meaning Queen's Gardens) after the original British name Victoria Gardens, and now also known as Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan & Zoo, is a zoo and garden covering 50 acres located at Byculla, in the heart of Mumbai, India.
The Jogeshwari Caves are some of the earliest Hindus and Buddhist cave temples sculptures located in the Mumbai suburb of Jogeshwari, India.
John IV (João IV de Portugal,; 19 March 1604 – 6 November 1656) was the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death.
The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.
Juhu is an upmarket neighbourhood of Mumbai.
Mumbai-Juhu Airport is located in Juhu, an upmarket residential suburb of Mumbai, India.
A junior college is a post-secondary educational institution designed to prepare students for either skilled trades or for additional education at another college with more advanced academic material.
Kabaddi is a contact team sport.
The Kala Ghoda Arts Festival is annual festival, nine days long, commencing always on the first Saturday of February and closing always on the second Sunday in February, in the Kala Ghoda area of South Mumbai, India.
The Kalachuris (IAST: Kalacuri) were an Indian dynasty that ruled in west-central India between 6th and 7th centuries.
Kalina Stadium is a tennis stadium in Kalina Mumbai, India.
Kalyan is a city in the Thane District of Maharashtra state in Konkan division.
Kandivali(formerly Khandolee) is a neighbourhood in the north Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Kanheri Caves (Kānherī-guhāḥ) are a group of caves and rock-cut monuments cut into a massive basalt outcrop in the forests of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, on the island of Salsette in the western outskirts of Mumbai, India.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
Karachi (کراچی; ALA-LC:,; ڪراچي) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The Khojas (کوجا، خوجا، خواجا; ખોજા) are a group of diverse people who converted to Islam in India and Pakistan.
King Edward Memorial Hospital and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College (Rājā Êḍvarḍ (Sātavē) Smārak Rugṇālaya Va Sēṭh Gōvardhandās Sundaradās Vaidyakīya Mahāvidyālaya), located in Mumbai, is amongst the foremost teaching and medical care providing institutions in India.
The Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open (known as the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open for sponsorship reasons) was a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts.
The Koli people are an ethnic Indian group native to Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana states.
Konkan, also known as the Konkan Coast or Kokan, is a rugged section of the western coastline of India.
Konkani is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India.
Konkani Muslims (also known as Kokani Muslims) are a sub-ethnic group of the Konkani (Kokani) people living in the Konkan region of western India, who practise Islam.
Kuladevata (kula-dèvatā) or Kuladevi stands for "family deity, that is a mother Goddess" within Hinduism, as distinct from personal ishta-devata and village deities.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Larsen & Toubro Limited, commonly known as L&T, is the largest Indian multi-national firm headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) is an Indian state-owned insurance group and investment company headquartered in Mumbai.
Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro, also referred to as Metro I or the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar (VAG) corridor, is part of the metro system for the city of Mumbai, India.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4, with some mixture of ethane C2H6) that has been converted to liquid form for ease and safety of non-pressurized storage or transport.
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
The following tables are the list of cities in India by population.
India is a country in South Asia.
A district (zilā) is an administrative division of an Indian state or territory.
The Marathi language has a long history of literature and culture.
This is a list of metropolitan areas by population in India.
India is a country in South Asia.
As of 31 March 2016, there were over 100,000 publications registered with the Registrar of Newspapers for India.
Mumbai, the commercial and financial capital of India, has most of the high-rise buildings in India, since land in the city is expensive.
This is a list of Test cricket grounds.
Mumbai, India has centuries of history and many sites of tourist interest.
The following cities in India have sister city relationships with local communities in other countries.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT), is a railhead in the Kurla suburb of Mumbai, India.
Lokmat (literally 'People's Opinion') is a Marathi language newspaper published from Mumbai, and several other cities in Maharashtra state.
Loksatta (Lōksattā) is one of the most widely read Marathi daily newspapers in Maharashtra, India.
Loop Mobile India Ltd, formerly BPL Mobile Communications, was an Indian mobile network operator.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
Louis-Théophile Marie Rousselet (1845-1929) was a French traveller, writer, photographer and pioneer of the darkroom.
Lucknow is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is also the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Division.
According to Hindu legends, the Lunar dynasty is one of the four principal houses of the Kshatriya varna, or warrior–ruling caste.This legendary dynasty was descended from the moon (Soma or Chandra),, According to the Mahabharata, the dynasty's progenitor Ila ruled from Prayag, while his son Shashabindu ruled in the country of Bahli.
Magadha was an ancient Indian kingdom in southern Bihar, and was counted as one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India.
Maha Shivaratri a Hindu festival celebrated annually in honour of the god Shiva.
The Mahakali Caves, also Kondivite Caves, are a group of 19 rock-cut monuments built between 1st century BCE and 6th century CE.
The Mahalaxmi Racecourse is a horse racing track in Mahalaxmi neighbourhood, of Mumbai.
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) is a state-owned telecommunications service provider in the metro cities of Mumbai and New Delhi in India and in the island nation of Mauritius in Africa.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Maharashtra Day, (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र दिन Mahārāṣţra Din) commonly known as Maharashtra Diwas also referred to as Maharashtra Din is a state holiday in the Indian state of Maharashtra, commemorating the formation of the state of Maharashtra from the division of the Bombay State on 1 May 1960.
The 2005 Maharashtra floods refers to the flooding of many parts of the Indian state of Maharashtra including large areas of the metropolis Mumbai, a city located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, on the Western coast of India, in which approximately 1,094 people died.
The Maharashtra football team is an Indian football team representing Maharashtra in the Santosh Trophy.
A legislative assembly election was held on 15 October 2014, in a single phase, to select the 288 members of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly in India.
The Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (मराठी: महाराष्ट्र नवनिर्माण सेना, Mahārāṣṭra Navanirmāṇa Sēnā) is an Indian regional party based in Maharashtra and operates on the motto of "Sons of the Soil".
Maharashtra Police is the law enforcement agency responsible for the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (महाराष्ट्र राज्य माध्यमिक आणि उच्च माध्यमिक शिक्षण मंडळ) is a statutory and autonomous body established under the "Maharashtra Secondary Boards Act" 1965 (amended in 1977).
Mahavitaran or Mahadiscom or MSEDCL (Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited) is a public sector undertaking (PSU) controlled by the Government of Maharashtra.
The Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation Limited, commonly abbreviated as MSRDC, is an Indian Public limited company fully owned by the Government of Maharashtra.
The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation abbreviated as (MSRTC, or simply ST), is the state run bus service of Maharashtra, India with 16,500 buses which ferry 7 million passengers daily.
Maharashtra Times (महाराष्ट्र टाइम्स), colloquially referred to as 'Ma Taa' (मटा) from its Marathi initialism, is a Marathi newspaper based in Mumbai, India.
Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation commonly abbreviated as MTDC, is a body of the Government of Maharashtra responsible for development of tourism in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Mahim is a neighbourhood in Mumbai, India.
The Mahim Causeway is a vital link road connecting South Mumbai with its northern suburbs.
Mahindra Hockey Stadium is a field hockey stadium at Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Mangalorean Catholics (Konkani: Kodialchein Katholik) are an ethno-religious community of Catholics following the Latin Rite from the Mangalore Diocese (erstwhile South Canara district) on the southwestern coast of Karnataka, India.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Mankhurd is a suburb in eastern Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Manori is a village located on Dharavi Bhet in northern Mumbai, India.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.
Marathi cinema refers to Indian films produced in Marathi, the language of the state of Maharashtra, India.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
Marathi literature is the body of literature of Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra and written in the Devanagari script.
The Marathi people (मराठी लोक) are an ethnic group that speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language.
The Marathi language television industry was started in India in 1984.
Marine architecture is the design of architectural and engineering structures which support coastal design, near-shore and off-shore or deep-water planning for many projects such as shipyards, ship transport, coastal management or other marine and/or hydroscape activities.
Marine Drive is a 3.6-kilometre-long Boulevard in South Mumbai in the city of Mumbai.
Marve Beach is located in the Western Suburb of Malad in the city of Mumbai, India.
Mastercard Incorporated (stylized as MasterCard from 1979 to 2016 and mastercard since 2016) is an American multinational financial services corporation headquartered in the Mastercard International Global Headquarters in Purchase, New York, United States.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
The Mayor of Mumbai is the elected chief of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.
Mazagaon, also spelled Mazgaon and Mazagon (Portuguese rule Mazagão), and pronounced by the Catholics as 'Mazgon' or 'Maz-a-gon' and the Marathi-speakers as Mazhgav.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A megacity is a very large city, typically with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural background with a potential creation of disharmony with the previous culture.
A Member of Parliament of Lok Sabha (सांसद, लोक सभा) (abbreviated: MP) is the representative of the Indian people in the Lok Sabha; the lower house of the Parliament of India.
A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the legislature of the State government in the Indian system of government.
Mi Marathi was an entertainment television channel owned by Shri Adhikari Brothers in Marathi language.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
Mid Day (stylised as mid-day) is a morning daily Indian compact newspaper.
Middle Vaitarna Dam is a dam in Maharashtra, India.
A millionaire is an individual whose net worth or wealth is equal to or exceeds one million units of currency.
The Ministry of Minority Affairs, is a ministry of the Government of India established in 2006.
The Ministry of Railways is a ministry in the Government of India, responsible for the country's rail transport.
Mint is an Indian financial daily newspaper published by HT Media, a Delhi-based media group which is controlled by the KK Birla family and also publishes Hindustan Times.
Mira-Bhayander is a municipality in the Thane district in the state of Maharashtra, located in the northern part of Salsette Island, and shares a border with North Mumbai.
The Mithi River also known as "'Mahim River"' is a river on Salsette Island, the island of the city of Mumbai, India.
Moharam of Judham of Murrah of Sheba of Kahlan of Qahtanite origin (also Moharram, Muharram, Aal Moharam, Aal Maharema) (Arabic: مُحَرَّم or المحارمة) is a family lineage from Egypt with ancestors from Yemen.
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons.
The Hon Mountstuart Elphinstone FRSE (6 October 1779 – 20 November 1859) was a Scottish statesman and historian, associated with the government of British India.
The Mughal Empire (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān)) or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, but with significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances; only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian, while successive emperors were of predominantly Rajput and Persian ancestry. The dynasty was Indo-Persian in culture, combining Persianate culture with local Indian cultural influences visible in its traits and customs. The Mughal Empire at its peak extended over nearly all of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Afghanistan. It was the second largest empire to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning approximately four million square kilometres at its zenith, after only the Maurya Empire, which spanned approximately five million square kilometres. The Mughal Empire ushered in a period of proto-industrialization, and around the 17th century, Mughal India became the world's largest economic power, accounting for 24.4% of world GDP, and the world leader in manufacturing, producing 25% of global industrial output up until the 18th century. The Mughal Empire is considered "India's last golden age" and one of the three Islamic Gunpowder Empires (along with the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia). The beginning of the empire is conventionally dated to the victory by its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperors had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire, through his son Chagatai Khan) and Timur (Turco-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire). During the reign of Humayun, the successor of Babur, the empire was briefly interrupted by the Sur Empire. The "classic period" of the Mughal Empire started in 1556 with the ascension of Akbar the Great to the throne. Under the rule of Akbar and his son Jahangir, the region enjoyed economic progress as well as religious harmony, and the monarchs were interested in local religious and cultural traditions. Akbar was a successful warrior who also forged alliances with several Hindu Rajput kingdoms. Some Rajput kingdoms continued to pose a significant threat to the Mughal dominance of northwestern India, but most of them were subdued by Akbar. All Mughal emperors were Muslims; Akbar, however, propounded a syncretic religion in the latter part of his life called Dīn-i Ilāhī, as recorded in historical books like Ain-i-Akbari and Dabistān-i Mazāhib. The Mughal Empire did not try to intervene in the local societies during most of its existence, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices and diverse and inclusive ruling elites, leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule. Traditional and newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Maratha Empire|Marathas, the Rajputs, the Pashtuns, the Hindu Jats and the Sikhs, gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience. The reign of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor, between 1628 and 1658, was the zenith of Mughal architecture. He erected several large monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid, Agra, the Red Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort. The Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb and also started its terminal decline in his reign due to Maratha military resurgence under Category:History of Bengal Category:History of West Bengal Category:History of Bangladesh Category:History of Kolkata Category:Empires and kingdoms of Afghanistan Category:Medieval India Category:Historical Turkic states Category:Mongol states Category:1526 establishments in the Mughal Empire Category:1857 disestablishments in the Mughal Empire Category:History of Pakistan.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
Mulund is a suburb in the north-east of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Mumba Devi Mandir is an old temple in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra dedicated to the goddess, the local incarnation of the Devi (Mother Goddess).
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Mumbai Central is a major railway station on the Western line, situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra in an area known by the same name.
Mumbai Champs was one of the nine teams played in the defunct Indian Cricket League (ICL).
Mumbai City District is a district of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.
Mumbai City FC (Hindi: मुंबई सिटी एफ सी) is an Indian professional football franchise based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, which competes in the Indian Super League (ISL).
The Mumbai cricket team is a cricket team representing the city of Mumbai in Indian domestic cricket.
Mumbai Football Club is an Indian professional football club based in Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra state of India.
The Mumbai Fire Brigade is the fire brigade serving the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Mumbai Football Arena is a multi-use stadium in Mumbai, India.
The Mumbai Gladiators are a professional American football team based in Mumbai, India.
Mumbai Harbour (Marathi: मुंबई बंदर Mumba'ī bandar), or Front Bay (sometimes referred as Mumbai Harbour), is a natural deep-water harbour in the southern portion of the Ulhas River estuary.
The Mumbai Indians (abbreviated as MI) are a franchise cricket team based in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The Mumbai International Film Festival for Documentary, Short and Animation Films (MIFF) is a festival organized in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) by the Films Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India.
Mumbai Magicians (abbreviated as MM) was a field hockey team based in Mumbai, Maharashtra that played in the Hockey India League from 2012 to 2014.
The Mumbai Marathon (known as the Tata Mumbai Marathon for sponsorship reasons by Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)), is an annual international marathon held in Mumbai, India, on the third Sunday of January every year.
Mumbai Marines (MM) initially known as Mumbai Warriors is a hockey team based in Mumbai, Maharashtra that plays in the World Series Hockey and led by Indian hockey team goalkeeper Adrian D'Souza.
Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, and the wider MMR urban agglomeration.
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is a metropolitan area in Maharashtra state, consisting of the state capital Mumbai (previously known as 'Bombay') and its satellite towns.
Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority, commonly abbreviated as MMRDA, is a body of the Government of Maharashtra that is responsible for the infrastructure development of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
Mumbai Mirror is a compact newspaper in the city of Mumbai, with a daily circulation of approximate 700,000 copies.
Mumbai Monorail is a monorail system in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, built as part of a major expansion of public transport in the city.
Mumbai Nashik Expressway (mr:मुंबई नाशिक द्रुतगती मार्ग) is a long highway connecting Mumbai to Nashik.
Mumbai North Lok Sabha constituency (मुंबई उत्तर लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) (formerly, Bombay City North Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India.
Mumbai North Central Lok Sabha constituency (मुंबई उत्तर मध्य लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is a Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency of Maharashtra state in western India.
Mumbai North East Lok Sabha constituency (Marathi: मुंबई उत्तर पूर्व लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency of Maharashtra.
Mumbai North West Lok Sabha constituency (मुंबई उत्तर पश्चिम लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is a constituency represented in the Lok Sabha of the Parliament of India, having approximately 1.6 million voters.
The Mumbai Police (also known as Brihanmumbai Police) is the police force of the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Mumbai Port Trust is a port which lies midway on the West coast of India, on the natural deep-water harbour of Mumbai (previously known as 'Bombay'), Maharashtra.
The Mumbai-Pune Expressway is India's first six-lane concrete, high-speed, access controlled tolled expressway.
Mumbai South Lok Sabha constituency (मुंबई दक्षिण लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) (formerly, Bombay South Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India.
Mumbai South Central Lok Sabha constituency (मुंबई दक्षिण मध्य लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) (formerly, Bombay South Central Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India.
Mumbai Suburban District is a district of Maharashtra.
Mumbai Suburban Railway consists of exclusive inner suburban railway lines augmented by commuter rail on main lines serving outlying suburbs to serve the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
Mumbai Tennis Masters is a tennis team representing the city of Mumbai in Champions Tennis League.
Mumbai traffic police is the organisation entrusted with the task of managing vehicular traffic in Mumbai, India.
The Mumbai–Vadodara Expressway is an under-construction, long, six-lane, controlled-access expressway, connecting the cities of Vadodara, Gujarat and Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief executive officer of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran, led to the end of the Sasanian Empire of Persia in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran (Persia).
Nariman Point is a business district in Downtown Mumbai.
The National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) is the premier art gallery under Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.
The national highways network of India is a network of trunk roads that is managed and maintained by CPWD, Central Public Works Department, an agency of the Government of India.
National Highway 17 (NH 17) is a National Highway in India running from Sevoke in West Bengal to Guwahati in Assam.
National Highway 2 is a National Highway in India that runs from Dibrugarh in Assam to Tuipang in Mizoram connecting Sivasagar, Amguri, Mokokchung, Wokha, Kohima, Imphal, Churachandpur, Sasaram, Seling, Serchhip, Lawngtlai.
National Highway 3, or NH 3, is a national highway in India starting from Atari adjacent to India-Pakistan border and near Amritsar and terminating at Manali in Himachal Pradesh.
For the National Highway earlier numbered 4, refer to National Highway 48 (India). National Highway 4 or NH 4 is a national highway in India.
National Highway 8 (NH 8) is a National Highway in India running from Karimganj to Sabroom.
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is an autonomous agency of the Government of India, responsible for management of a network of over 50,000 km of National Highways out of 1,15,000 km in India.
The National Informatics Centre (NIC) (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is the premier science & technology organisation of Government of India in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications.
National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), formerly National Institute for Training in Industrial Engineering, is a prestigious post graduate education institute located in Powai near Vihar Lake in Mumbai, India.
The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), formerly National Open School, (name changed in 2002) is the board of education under the Union Government of India.
The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai.
The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Nativity of Mary, or the Birth of the Virgin Mary, refers to a Christian feast day celebrating the birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Navakal (Devnagari नवा काळ) is a Marathi daily newspaper.
Navaratri (नवरात्रि, literally "nine nights"), also spelled Navratri or Navarathri, is a nine nights (and ten days) Hindu festival, celebrated in the autumn every year.
Navi Mumbai (IPA: /nəvɪ mʊmˈbaɪ/) is a planned city off the west coast of the Indian state of Maharashtra in Konkan division.
Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA) is an under construction greenfield international airport being built at Ulwe Kopar-Panvel in Maharashtra, India.
Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT) is the transport wing of Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation, which operates bus services in Navi Mumbai.
New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian television media company founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy, a journalist.
New institutional economics (NIE) is an economic perspective that attempts to extend economics by focusing on the social and legal norms and rules (which are institutions) that underlie economic activity and with analysis beyond earlier institutional economics and neoclassical economics.
News18Lokmat is a 24-hour Marathi-language news channel based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a government-owned corporation of India based in Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
The Old Woman's Island, also known as Little Colaba is one of the seven islands composing the city of Mumbai, India, and part of the historic Old Bombay.
Oshiwara River is a river in Mumbai, India.
Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.
The Oval Maidan is a large Grade I recreational ground situated in South Mumbai, India.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Palghar District is a district in the state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.
Panvel is a city in Raigad district of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.
Parel is a neighbourhood of Mumbai.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
A Parsi (or Parsee) means "Persian" in the "Persian Language", which today mainly refers to a member of a Zoroastrian community, one of two (the other being Iranis) mainly located in India, with a few in Pakistan.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
Pathare Prabhu is one of the Hindu communities in the city of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay).
Pawan Hans Limited is a helicopter service company based in New Delhi, India.
Pay television, subscription television, premium television, or premium channels are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television.
A Peshwa was the equivalent of a modern Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire.
Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic products in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat and humans.
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Poisar River is a river in Mumbai, India.
The Police Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Mumbai Police.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
Powai is an upmarket residential neighbourhood located in the north-east Mumbai.It is situated on the banks of Powai Lake, and is bound by the hills of Vikhroli Parksite to the south-east, Chandivali to the south-west, the L.B.S. Marg (old Mumbai-Agra road) to the north-east and the Sanjay Gandhi National Park to the north beyond the lake.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Premier League is the top level of the English football league system.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
PricewaterhouseCoopers (doing business as PwC) is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The Pro Kabaddi League currently known as Vivo Pro Kabaddi League for sponsorship purpose is a professional-level Kabaddi league in India.
Professional sports leagues are organized in numerous ways.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
India, being a culturally diverse and fervent society, celebrates various holidays and festivals.
A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes.
Pune, formerly spelled Poona (1857–1978), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
Raigad District is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India.
The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between teams representing regional and state cricket associations.
Rashtrakuta (IAST) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries.
The redevelopment of Mumbai's cotton mills began in 1992, when efforts began to demolish the numerous cotton mills that once dotted the landscape of Mumbai, India, to make way for new residential and commercial buildings, as part of the wider modernization of Mumbai.
Rediff.com is an Indian news, information, entertainment and shopping web portal, founded in 1996 as "Rediff On The NeT".
Reliance Communications Ltd. (stylised as RCom) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Navi Mumbai, India.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Reliance Infrastructure (formerly Reliance Energy and Bombay Suburban Electric Supply), is an Indian private sector enterprise power utility and construction company.
The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.
The Royal Charter of 27 March 1668 was an agreement between the Kingdom of England and the English East India Company.
The Royal Indian Navy revolt (also called the Royal Indian Navy mutiny or Bombay mutiny) encompasses a total strike and subsequent revolt by Indian sailors of the Royal Indian Navy on board ship and shore establishments at Bombay harbour on 18 February 1946.
Royal Western India Turf Club Ltd. (RWITC) is an Indian sports club, into horse racing, established in 1800, which runs the Mahalaxmi Racecourse in Mumbai, and the Pune Race Course.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
S.P. Jain Institute of Management and Research (SPJIMR) is a constituent business school of the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
Saamana (Sāmanā) is a Marathi-language newspaper published in Maharashtra, India.
The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India.
The Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honor in India, which the Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, annually confers on writers of the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages (24 languages, including the 22 listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, along with English and Rajasthani) recognised by the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi.
Sakal (Marathi: सकाळ, meaning "Morning") is a Marathi-language daily newspaper by Sakal Media Group with its headquarters in Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born 19 June 1947) is a British Indian novelist and essayist.
Salsette Island (Salsete) is an island in the state of Maharashtra on India's west coast.
Samajwadi Party (SP; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 October 1992) is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi and the largest recognised state party of the country.
Samyukta Maharashtra Movement (or Sanyukta Maharashtra Chalaval) was an organisation that, starting in 1956, demanded the creation of a separate Marathi-speaking state out of the (then-bilingual) State of Bombay in western India, with the city of Bombay as its capital.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a protected area near Mumbai in Maharashtra State in India.
The Santosh Trophy is an association football knock-out competition contested by the regional state associations and government institutions under the All India Football Federation (AIFF), the sport's governing body in India.
The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Indoor Stadium is an indoor sports arena, in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The Satavahanas (IAST), also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
Saurashtra, also known as Sorath or Kathiawar, is a peninsular region of Gujarat, India, located on the Arabian Sea coast.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is the regulator for the securities market in India.
Santacruz Electronics Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) is a Special Economic Zone in Mumbai, India.
Seismicity is a measure which encompasses earthquake occurrences, mechanisms, and magnitude at a given geographical location.
A Sessions Court is a lesser court of law which exists in several democratic countries, including Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and the United States of America.
The seven islands of Bombay were 16th-century Portuguese territories lying off the west coast of India, that were handed over to England under this title as part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza when she married Charles II in 1661.The isles had earlier been part of indigenous empires like the Silhara dynasty and the Sultan of Gujarat before they were captured by the Portuguese in 1534.
The Shilahara Dynasty (also Shilahara, Sinhara, Shailahara, Shrilara, and Silara) was a royal clan that established itself in northern and southern Konkan, present-day Mumbai and southern Maharashtra during the Rashtrakuta period.
Shiv Sena (IAST: Śiva Sēnā) (translation; Army of Shivaji), is an Indian far-right regional political party.
The Siddi, also known as Sidi, Siddhi, Sheedi, or Habshi, are an ethnic group inhabiting India and Pakistan.
Siddi Sambal was the Siddi admiral of the Mughal Empire.
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी,, ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.
The Sion Panvel Expressway is a 25 km Indian highway located entirely in the state of Maharashtra, that connects Sion in Mumbai with Panvel, via Navi Mumbai.
Sion (Marathi: शीव) is a neighbourhood of Mumbai.
The Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy School of Art (Sir J.J. School of Art) is the oldest art institution in Mumbai, and is affiliated with the University of Mumbai.
Sirius Satellite Radio was a satellite radio (SDARS) and online radio service operating in North America, owned by Sirius XM Holdings.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
SNDT Women's University, also called by its full name Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University, is a women's university in the city of Mumbai, India.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Sony Entertainment Television or SET, is a Indian pay television network centred on Hindi-language programming.
The South Asian Stone Age covers the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods in South Asia.
South Mumbai, is the southernmost precinct of the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, comprises the city's main business localities.
Standard of living in India varies from state to state.
Star Pravah is a Marathi language General Entertainment TV Channel launched in 2008 by STAR TV and Fox International Channels.
Star Sports is a network of Indian sports channels owned by Star India, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
StarPlus (स्टार प्लस) is a Hindi general entertainment television channel based in India.
State Bank of India (SBI) is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories, organising them along linguistic lines.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Surat is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat.
SVKM's NMIMS (commonly NMIMS), is a deemed-to-be-university located in Vile Parle, Mumbai, India.
A swamp is a wetland that is forested.
Swarajya is an Indian monthly print magazine and online daily.
Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics is the oldest college of commerce in Asia.
The Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy is a Twenty20 cricket domestic championship in India, organized by Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), among the teams from Ranji Trophy.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.
Tansa dam, is an earthfill and gravity dam on Tansa river near Mumbai, Thane district in the state of Maharashtra in India.
Tata Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is a public research institution located in Mumbai, India that is dedicated to basic research in mathematics and the sciences.
The Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) is a multi-campus public funded research university in Mumbai, India.
The Tata Power Company Limited is an Indian electric utility company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and is part of the Tata Group.
Tata Sky is a direct broadcast satellite television provider in India, using MPEG-4 digital compression technology, transmitting using INSAT-4A and GSAT-10 satellite.
Tata Teleservices Limited (TTSL) is an Indian broadband and telecommunications service provider based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) codes are assigned to each city/town/village, with the larger Metro cities having shorter area codes (STD codes), which are from 2 to 8 digits long.
Television in India is a huge industry which has thousands of programs in many languages.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
Thadomal Shahani Engineering College (TSEC) is an engineering and research institute in Mumbai, India.
Thane, colloquially called Thana, is a metropolitan city in India.
Thane Creek is an inlet in the shoreline of the Arabian Sea that isolates the city of Mumbai from the Indian mainland.
Thane District is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division. At the 2011 Census it was the most populated district in the nation, with 11,060,148 inhabitants; however, in August 2014 the district was split into two with the creation of a new Palghar district, leaving the reduced Thane district with a 2011 Census population of 8,070,032. The headquarters of the district is the city of Thane. Other major cities in the district are Navi Mumbai, Kalyan-Dombivli, Mira-Bhayander, Bhiwandi, Ulhasnagar, Ambarnath, Badlapur, Murbad and Shahapur. This is the most industrialised district in India. The district is situated between 18°42' and 20°20' north latitudes and 72°45' and 73°48' east longitudes. The revised area of the district is 4,214 km². The district is bounded by Nashik district to the north east, Pune and Ahmadnagar districts to the east, and by Palghar district to the north. The Arabian Sea forms the western boundary, while it is bounded by Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District to the southwest and Raigad District to the south.
The Thane Municipal Corporation Transport Service, operating under the name "Thane Municipal Transport (T.M.T.)" is the transport wing of Thane Municipal Corporation, which operates a large number of bus lines in the Thane metropolitan area.
The Asian Age is an English-language Indian daily newspaper with editions published in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.
The Asiatic Society of Mumbai (formerly Asiatic Society of Bombay) is a learned society in the field of Asian studies based in Mumbai, India.
Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.
The Greatest Race on Earth (GROE) was a four-part series of marathon races in a relay format, which included the Nairobi Marathon, Singapore Marathon, Mumbai Marathon and Hong Kong Marathon.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Jerusalem Post is a broadsheet newspaper based in Jerusalem, founded in 1932 during the British Mandate of Palestine by Gershon Agron as The Palestine Post.
The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel is a heritage five-star hotel in the Colaba region of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, next to the Gateway of India.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Tribune is an Indian English-language daily newspaper published from Chandigarh, New Delhi, Jalandhar, Dehradun and Bathinda.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Theatre Journal is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the theatre arts, with articles from the October and December issues centering on a predetermined theme.
Time Out is a British travel magazine published by Time Out Group.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
The Treaty of Bassein was signed by Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat and the Kingdom of Portugal on 23 December 1534 while on board the galleon São Mateus.
The Treaty of Purandar (or Treaty of Purandhar) was a doctrine signed on 1 March 1776 by the peshwa of the Maratha people and the British East India Company's Supreme Council of Bengal in Calcutta.
The Treaty of Salbai was signed on May 17, 1782, by representatives of the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company after long negotiations to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War.
The Treaty of Surat (6 March 1776) was a treaty by which Raghunathrao, one of the claimants to the throne of the Peshwa, agreed to cede Salsette and Bassein Fort to the English, in consideration of being himself restored to Poona.
Trombay is an eastern suburb in Mumbai, India.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Tulsi Lake is a fresh water lake in northern Mumbai.
U Mumba (MUM) is a Kabaddi team based in Mumbai, Maharashtra that plays in the Pro Kabaddi League.
The United Basketball Alliance (UBA) is the first men’s professional basketball league in India; comprising eight teams.
The Ulhas River is a west flowing river in Western India in the state of Maharashtra draining an area of 4,637 km2.
Undergrounding is the replacement of overhead cables providing electrical power or telecommunications, with underground cables.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
A union territory is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India.
United Breweries Holdings Limited (UBHL) or UB Group is an Indian conglomerate company headquartered in UB City, Bangalore in the state of Karnataka, India.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The University of Mumbai, informally known as Mumbai University (MU), is one of the earliest state universities in India and the oldest in Maharashtra.
Upper Vaitarana Dam, is an earthfill and gravity dam on west flowing Vaitarna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district of Maharashtra state in India.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Wadala Road, also spelled Vadala Road, is a railway station on the Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway.
The Vakataka Empire was a dynasty from the Indian subcontinent that originated from the Deccan in the mid-3rd century CE.
Vasai, historically known as Bassein or Baçaim is a historical suburban town in Palghar district of Maharashtra state in Konkan division in India.
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) is an engineering college located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, and one of the oldest engineering colleges in Asia.
Viacom 18 Media Pvt.
The Vidhan Sabha the Legislative Assembly is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature in the different states of India.
Vihar Lake is located near Vihar village on the Mithi River within the precincts of the Borivali National Park, also called the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, in North Mumbai.
The Vijay Hazare Trophy, also known as the Ranji One Day Trophy, was started in 2002–03 as a limited-overs cricket domestic competition involving state teams from the Ranji Trophy plates.
Vishwanath Mahadeshwar is a Shiv Sena Politician from Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Vodafone India is the Indian subsidiary of UK-based Vodafone Group plc, the world's second-largest mobile phone company, and is a provider of telecommunications services in India with its operational head office in Mumbai.
Walkeshwar Temple, also known as the Baan Ganga Temple, is a temple dedicated to the Hindu god, Shiva located in Walkeshwar, near Malabar Hill neighbourhood, in South Mumbai precinct of the city of Mumbai, India.
The Wankhede Stadium is a cricket stadium in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Water transport in Mumbai consists of ferries, hovercrafts and catamarans.
The Western Express Highway, shortened to WEH, is a major north-south 8-10 lane arterial road in Mumbai, India, stretching from the suburb of Dahisar to Bandra.
The Western Naval Command is a formation of the Indian Navy.
The Western Railway (abbreviated WR and परे) is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railway networks in India.
The Western Satraps, Western Kshatrapas, or Kshaharatas (35–405 CE) were Indo-Scythian (Saka) rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states).
In many countries (such as Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
Wireless local loop (WLL), is the use of a wireless communications link as the "last mile / first mile" connection for delivering plain old telephone service (POTS) or Internet access (marketed under the term "broadband") to telecommunications customers.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
World Series Hockey (WSH) was a professional league for field hockey competition in India.
The Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index is an index of the world's cities by MasterCard.
Worli is a locality in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Yakut Khan(A Converted Koli People) was a Naval Admiral and administrator of Janjira Fort who first served under Bijapur Sultanate and later under the Mughal Empire.
Zee 24 Taas is the first 24-hour Marathi news channel broadcast in India and is based in Mumbai.
Zee Business is a Hindi business news channel based in Noida, India.
Zee Marathi is an Indian television channel which carries programming in Marathi, an Indian language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, west India.
Zee Talkies is a Marathi television channel broadcasting Marathi movies by Zee Entertainment Enterprises.
Zee TV (ज़ी टीवी) is an Indian cable and satellite television channel owned and operated by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, a media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Zing, formerly known as Zee Muzic and Music Asia, is an India-based satellite music television channel owned by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, which carries broadcasts in Hindi and other regional languages of India.
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of 12 bomb explosions that took place in Mumbai, India, then known as Bombay, on 12 March 1993.
The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was a One Day International cricket tournament held in India from 7 October to 5 November 2006.
The final of the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy was played on 5 November 2006 between the West Indies and Australia at the Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai.
The 2008 Mumbai attacks (also referred to as 26/11) were a group of terrorist attacks that took place in November 2008, when 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, an Islamic terrorist organisation based in Pakistan, carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai.
The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration.
The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Cricket World Cup 2011) was the tenth Cricket World Cup.
The 2011 Cricket World Cup Final was a One Day International (ODI) match played between India and Sri Lanka at the Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, on 2 April 2011.
The 2011 Mumbai bombings (often referred to as 13 July) were a series of three coordinated bomb explosions at different locations in Mumbai, India, on 13 July 2011 between 18:54 and 19:06 IST.
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