306 relations: Aberystwyth, Abingdon-on-Thames, Act of Parliament, Alderman, Andover, Hampshire, Anglesey, Arundel, Banbury, Barnstaple, Basingstoke, Basingstoke and Deane, Bath and North East Somerset, Bath, Somerset, Beaumaris, Beccles, Bedford, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Beverley, Beverley (borough), Bewdley, Bideford, Birmingham, Bishop of Durham, Blandford Forum, Bodmin, Borough, Borough of Berwick-upon-Tweed, Borough of Boston, Borough of Buckingham, Borough of Great Yarmouth, Borough of Guildford, Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme, Borough of Stafford, Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, Boroughs incorporated in England and Wales 1835–1882, Boston, Lincolnshire, Brecknockshire, Bridgnorth, Bridgwater, Bridport, Bristol, Buckinghamshire, Bury St Edmunds, Caernarfon, Caernarfonshire, Calne, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, ..., Cambridgeshire, Canterbury, Cardiff, Cardigan, Ceredigion, Carlisle, Cumbria, Carmarthen, Carmarthenshire, Catholic Church, Ceredigion, Chard, Somerset, Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Cheshire, Chester, Chesterfield, Chichester, Chippenham, Chipping Norton, Cinque Ports, City of Lancaster, City of Leeds, City of London, City of Sunderland, City of Wakefield, City of Winchester, Clitheroe, Colchester, Congleton, Cornwall, County Durham, Court leet, Coventry, Cumberland, Dartmouth, Devon, Daventry, Deal, Kent, Denbigh, Denbighshire, Derby, Derby City Council, Derbyshire, Desuetude, Devizes, Devon, Dissenter, Doncaster, Dorchester, Dorset, Dorset, Dover, Droitwich Spa, Durham District, Durham, England, Earl of Chester, Earl of Devon, Edward John Gambier, Edward the Black Prince, Elizabeth I of England, England, Essex, Evesham, Exeter, Eye, Suffolk, Falmouth, Cornwall, Faversham, Flint, Flintshire, Flintshire, Folkestone, Fortunatus Dwarris, Gateshead, Glamorgan, Glastonbury, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Godalming, Godmanchester, Grantham, Gravesend, Great Seal of the Realm, Great Torrington, Great Yarmouth, Grimsby, Guildford, Hampshire, Harwich, Hastings, Haverfordwest, Helston, Hereford, Herefordshire, Hertford, Hertfordshire, High Wycombe, Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Hythe, Kent, Improvement commissioners, Ipswich, Ireland, John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune, Joseph Parkes, Kendal, Kent, Kidderminster, King's Lynn, Kingston upon Hull, Kingston upon Thames, Lancashire, Lancaster, Lancashire, Launceston, Cornwall, Leeds, Leicester, Leicestershire, Leominster, Letters patent, Lichfield, Lincoln, England, Lincolnshire, Liskeard, Liverpool, Liverpool City Council, Llandovery, Llanidloes, Louth, Lincolnshire, Ludlow, Lyme Regis, Lymington, Macclesfield, Maidenhead, Maidstone, Maldon, Essex, Manchester, Marlborough, Wiltshire, Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Metropolitan Borough of Walsall, Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Monmouth, Monmouthshire (historic), Montgomeryshire, Morpeth, Northumberland, Much Wenlock, Municipal borough, Municipal Borough of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840, Municipal Corporations Act, Municipal Corporations Act 1882, Neath, Newark-on-Trent, Newbury, Berkshire, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Newport City Council, Newport, Isle of Wight, Newport, Wales, Norfolk, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Norwich, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Oswestry, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Pembrokeshire, Penryn, Cornwall, Penzance, Plymouth, Police burgh, Pontefract, Poole, Portsmouth, Preston, Lancashire, Pwllheli, Radicals (UK), Rates (tax), Reading, Berkshire, Reform Act 1832, Retford, Richmond, North Yorkshire, Ripon, Rochester, Kent, Romsey, Rotten and pocket boroughs, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, Royal Commission, Ruthin, Rye, East Sussex, Saffron Walden, Salisbury, Salisbury City Council, Sandwich, Kent, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, Scotland, Select committee (United Kingdom), Shaftesbury, Shrewsbury, Shrewsbury and Atcham, Shropshire, Somerset, South Molton, Southampton, Southwold, St Albans, St Ives, Cornwall, Stafford, Staffordshire, Stamford, Lincolnshire, Stockport, Stockton-on-Tees, Stratford-upon-Avon, Sudbury, Suffolk, Suffolk, Sui generis, Sunderland, Surrey, Sussex, Swansea, Tamworth, Staffordshire, Tenby, Tenterden, Tewkesbury, The Times, Thetford, Thomas Jefferson Hogg, Time immemorial, Tiverton, Devon, Totnes, Truro, Unreformed boroughs in England and Wales 1835–1886, Wales, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Walsall, Ward (electoral subdivision), Warwick, Warwickshire, Wells, Somerset, Welshpool, Westmorland, Weymouth and Portland, Whigs (British political party), Wigan, William III of England, Wiltshire, Winchester, Windsor, Berkshire, Wisbech, Worcester, Worcestershire, York, Yorkshire. Expand index (256 more) » « Shrink index
Aberystwyth (Mouth of the Ystwyth) is a historic market town, administrative centre, and holiday resort within Ceredigion, West Wales, often colloquially known as Aber.
Abingdon-on-Thames, also known as Abingdon on Thames or just Abingdon, is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.
Acts of Parliament, also called primary legislation, are statutes passed by a parliament (legislature).
An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law.
Andover is a town in the English county of Hampshire.
Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.
Arundel is a market town and civil parish in a steep vale of the South Downs, West Sussex, England.
Banbury is a historic market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England.
Barnstaple is the main town of North Devon, England and possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom.
Basingstoke is the largest town in the modern county of Hampshire (Southampton and Portsmouth being cities.) It is situated in south central England, and lies across a valley at the source of the River Loddon.
Basingstoke and Deane is a local government district and borough in Hampshire, England.
Bath and North East Somerset (commonly referred to as BANES or B&NES) is the district of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset Council that was created on 1 April 1996 following the abolition of the county of Avon.
Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.
Beaumaris (Biwmares) is a former royal borough, a community, and the former county town of Anglesey, Wales.
Beccles is a market town and civil parish in the Waveney District of the English county of Suffolk.
Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, England.
Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Berwick-upon-Tweed (Sooth Berwick, Bearaig a Deas) is a town in the county of Northumberland.
Beverley is a historic market town, civil parish and the county town of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
The East Yorkshire Borough of Beverley was a local government district and borough of Humberside, England, from 1974 to 1996.
Bewdley (pronunciation) is a small riverside town and civil parish in the Wyre Forest District of Worcestershire on the Shropshire border in England, along the Severn Valley a few miles to the west of Kidderminster and 22 miles south west of Birmingham.
Bideford is a historic port town on the estuary of the River Torridge in north Devon, south-west England.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.
Blandford Forum, commonly Blandford, is a market town in the North Dorset district of Dorset, England, sited by the River Stour about northwest of Poole.
Bodmin (Bosvena) is a civil parish and historic town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
Berwick-upon-Tweed was a local government district and borough in Northumberland in the north-east of England, on the border with Scotland.
The Borough of Boston is a local government district with borough status in Lincolnshire, England.
Buckingham was an ancient borough in England centered on the town of Buckingham in the county of Buckinghamshire, and was first recorded in the 10th century.
The Borough of Great Yarmouth is a local government district with borough status in Norfolk, England.
The Borough of Guildford is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England.
The Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire, England.
The Borough of Stafford is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire in England.
The Borough of Stockton-on-Tees is a unitary authority and borough in the north east of England, with a population of 191,600 shown in the 2011 census.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 reformed 178 existing boroughs.
Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England, approximately 100 miles (160 km) north of London.
Brecknockshire (Sir Frycheiniog), also known as the County of Brecknock, Breconshire, or the County of Brecon is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county.
Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England.
Bridgwater is a large historic market town and civil parish in Somerset, England.
Bridport is a market town in Dorset, England, inland from the English Channel near the confluence of the River Brit and its tributary the Asker.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
Bury St Edmunds is a historic market town and civil parish in the in St Edmundsbury district, in the county of Suffolk, England.
Caernarfon is a royal town, community, and port in Gwynedd, Wales, with a population of 9,615.
Caernarfonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), historically spelled as Caernarvonshire or Carnarvonshire in English, is one of the thirteen historic counties, a vice-county and a former administrative county of Wales.
Calne is a town and civil parish in Wiltshire, southwestern England,OS Explorer Map 156, Chippenham and Bradford-on-Avon Scale: 1:25 000.Publisher: Ordnance Survey A2 edition (2007).
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.), is an East Anglian county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west.
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, which lies at the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England.
Cardiff (Caerdydd) is the capital of, and largest city in, Wales, and the eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom.
Cardigan (Aberteifi) is a town in the county of Ceredigionformerly Cardiganshirein Wales.
Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is the county town of Cumbria.
Carmarthen (Caerfyrddin, "Merlin's fort") is the county town of Carmarthenshire in Wales.
Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin; or informally Sir Gâr) is a unitary authority in the southwest of Wales and is the largest of the thirteen historic counties of Wales.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Ceredigion is a county in the Mid Wales area of Wales and previously was a minor kingdom.
Chard is a town and a civil parish in the English county of Somerset.
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, (13 March 1764 – 17 July 1845), known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from November 1830 to July 1834.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chesterfield is a market town and borough in Derbyshire, England.
Chichester is a cathedral city in West Sussex, in South-East England.
Chippenham is a large historic market town in northwest Wiltshire, England.
Chipping Norton is a market town and civil parish in the Cotswold Hills in the West Oxfordshire district of Oxfordshire, England, about southwest of Banbury and northwest of Oxford.
The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex.
The City of Lancaster is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district.
The City of Leeds is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
The City of Wakefield is a local government district in West Yorkshire, England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
The City of Winchester is a local government district in Hampshire, England, with city status.
Clitheroe is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Ribble Valley, approximately northwest of Manchester, in Lancashire, England.
Colchester is an historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex.
Congleton is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.
County Durham (locally) is a county in North East England.
The court leet was a historical court baron (a manorial court) of England and Wales and Ireland that exercised the "view of frankpledge" and its attendant police jurisdiction, which was normally restricted to the hundred courts.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
Dartmouth is a town and civil parish in the English county of Devon.
Daventry (historically) is a market town in Northamptonshire, England, with a population of 25,026.
Deal is a town in Kent, England, which lies on the border of the North Sea and the English Channel, eight miles north-east of Dover and eight miles south of Ramsgate.
Denbigh (Dinbych) is a market town and community in Denbighshire, Wales, of which it was formerly the county town.
Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych) is a county in north-east Wales, named after the historic county of Denbighshire, but with substantially different borders.
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.
Derby City Council is the local government unitary authority for Derby, a city in the East Midlands region of England.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
In law, desuetude is a doctrine that causes statutes, similar legislation, or legal principles to lapse and become unenforceable by a long habit of non-enforcement or lapse of time.
Devizes is a market town and civil parish in the centre of Wiltshire, England.
Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
A dissenter (from the Latin dissentire, "to disagree") is one who disagrees in matters of opinion, belief, etc.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
Dorchester is the county town of Dorset, England.
Dorset (archaically: Dorsetshire) is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Droitwich Spa (often abbreviated to Droitwich) is a town in northern Worcestershire, England, on the River Salwarpe.
The City of Durham was, from 1974 to 2009, a non-metropolitan district of County Durham in North East England, with the status of borough and city.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
The Earldom of Chester (Welsh: Iarll Caer) was one of the most powerful earldoms in medieval England, extending principally over the counties of Cheshire and Flintshire.
The title of Earl of Devon was created several times in the English peerage, and was possessed first (after the Norman Conquest of 1066) by the de Redvers (alias de Reviers, Revieres, etc.) family, and later by the Courtenays.
Sir Edward John Gambier (1794–1879) was a colonial jurist and law officer, who served as a judge in British India, Chief Justice of Madras and Recorder of Penang, Singapore, Malacca.
Edward of Woodstock, known as the Black Prince (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), was the eldest son of Edward III, King of England, and Philippa of Hainault and participated in the early years of the Hundred Years War.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Essex is a county in the East of England.
Evesham is a market town and parish in the Wychavon district of Worcestershire, southern England with a population of 23,576, according to the 2011 census.
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 129,800 (mid-2016 EST).
Eye is a small market town in the north of the English county of Suffolk.
Falmouth (Aberfala) is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Faversham is a market town and civil parish in the Swale district of Kent, England.
Flint (Y Fflint) is a town in Flintshire, Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Dee.
Flintshire (Sir y Fflint) is a principal area of Wales, known as a county.
Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England.
Sir Fortunatus William Lilley Dwarris (1786–1860) was an English lawyer and author.
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne.
Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.
Glastonbury is a town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated at a dry point on the low-lying Somerset Levels, south of Bristol.
Gloucester is a city and district in Gloucestershire, England, of which it is the county town.
Gloucestershire (formerly abbreviated as Gloucs. in print but now often as Glos.) is a county in South West England.
Godalming is a historic market town, civil parish and administrative centre of the Borough of Waverley in Surrey, England, SSW of Guildford.
Godmanchester (pronounced; traditionally) is a small town and civil parish in the Huntingdonshire district of Cambridgeshire, in England.
Grantham is a town in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England.
Gravesend is an ancient town in northwest Kent, England, situated 21 miles (35 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross (central London) on the south bank of the Thames Estuary and opposite Tilbury in Essex.
The Great Seal of the Realm or Great Seal of the United Kingdom (known prior to the Treaty of Union of 1707 as the Great Seal of England; and from then until the Union of 1801 as the Great Seal of Great Britain and Ireland) is a seal that is used to symbolise the Sovereign's approval of important state documents.
Great Torrington (often abbreviated to Torrington, though the villages of Little Torrington and Black Torrington are situated in the same region) is a small market town in the north of Devon, England.
Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a coastal town in Norfolk, England.
Grimsby, also known as Great Grimsby, is a large coastal English town and seaport in North East Lincolnshire, of which it is the administrative centre.
Guildford is a large town in Surrey, England, United Kingdom located southwest of central London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Harwich is a town in Essex, England and one of the Haven ports, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east.
Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of the county town of Lewes and south east of London.
Haverfordwest (Hwlffordd) is the county town of Pembrokeshire, Wales, and the most populous urban area in Pembrokeshire with a population of 13,367 in 2001, though its community boundaries made it the second-most populous settlement in the county, with 10,812 people.
Helston (Hellys) is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Hereford is a cathedral city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, England.
Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council.
Hertford is the county town of Hertfordshire, England, and is also a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district of the county.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe, is a large town in Buckinghamshire, England.
Huntingdon is a market town in Cambridgeshire, England.
Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire, as well as a historic county of England.
Hythe is a small coastal market town on the edge of Romney Marsh, in the district of Folkestone and Hythe on the south coast of Kent.
Boards of improvement commissioners were ad hoc urban local government boards created during the 18th and 19th centuries in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and its predecessors the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland.
Ipswich is the county town of Suffolk, England, located on the estuary of the River Orwell, about north east of London.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune (1801–1851), previously John Elliot Drinkwater, a barrister and law member of the Governor-General's Council, was an Anglo-Indian lawyer and a pioneer in promoting women's education in 19th-century India.
Joseph Parkes (22 January 1796 – 11 August 1865) was an English political reformer.
Kendal, anciently known as Kirkby in Kendal or Kirkby Kendal, is a market town and civil parish within the South Lakeland District of Cumbria, England.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Kidderminster is a large town and civil parish in the Wyre Forest district of Worcestershire, England.
King's Lynn, known until 1537 as Bishop's Lynn, is a seaport and market town in Norfolk, England, about north of London, north-east of Peterborough, north north-east of Cambridge and west of Norwich.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Kingston upon Thames, also known as Kingston, is an area in the southwest of Greater London, England, southwest of Charing Cross.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, England. It is on the River Lune and has a population of 52,234; the wider City of Lancaster local government district has a population of 138,375. Long a commercial, cultural and educational centre, Lancaster gives Lancashire its name. The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family, whilst the Duchy of Lancaster holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II, who is also the Duke of Lancaster. Lancaster is an ancient settlement, dominated by Lancaster Castle, Lancaster Priory Church and the Ashton Memorial. It is also home to Lancaster University and a campus of the University of Cumbria.
Launceston (or, locally or, (Lannstevan; (rarely spelled Lanson as a local abbreviation) is a town, ancient borough, and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is one mile (1.6 km) west of the middle stage of the River Tamar, which constitutes almost the entire border between Cornwall and Devon. The landscape of the town is generally steep particularly at a sharp south-western knoll topped by Launceston Castle. These gradients fall down to the River Kensey and smaller tributaries. The town centre itself is bypassed and is no longer physically a main thoroughfare. The A388 still runs through the town close to the centre. The town remains figuratively the "gateway to Cornwall", due to having the A30, one of the two dual carriageways into the county pass directly next to the town. The other dual carriageway and alternative main point of entry is at Saltash over the Tamar Bridge and was completed in 1962. There are smaller points of entry to Cornwall on minor roads. Launceston Steam Railway narrow-gauge heritage railway runs as a tourist attraction during the summer months. It was restored for aesthetic and industrial heritage purposes and runs along a short rural route, it is popular with visitors but does not run for much of the year. Launceston Castle was built by Robert, Count of Mortain (half-brother of William the Conqueror) 1070 to control the surrounding area. Launceston was the caput of the feudal barony of Launceston and of the Earldom of Cornwall until replaced by Lostwithiel in the 13th century. Launceston was later the county town of Cornwall until 1835 when Bodmin replaced it. Two civil parishes serve the town and its outskirts, of which the central more built-up administrative unit housed 8,952 residents at the 2011 census. Three electoral wards include reference to the town, their total population, from 2011 census data, being 11,837 and two ecclesiastical parishes serve the former single parish, with three churches and a large swathe of land to the north and west part of the area. Launceston's motto "Royale et Loyale" (English translation: Royal and Loyal) is a reference to its adherence to the Cavalier cause during the English Civil War of the mid-17th century.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.
Leominster is a market town in Herefordshire, England, and is located at the confluence of the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater, approximately north of the city of Hereford and approx 7 miles south of the Shropshire border, 11 miles from Ludlow in Shropshire.
Letters patent (always in the plural) are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation.
Lichfield is a cathedral city and civil parish in Staffordshire, England.
Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Liskeard (Lyskerrys) is an ancient stannary and market town and civil parish in south east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Liverpool City Council is the governing body for the city of Liverpool in Merseyside, England.
Llandovery (Llanymddyfri) is a community and market town in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
Llanidloes is a town on the A470 and B4518 roads in Powys, within the historic county boundaries of Montgomeryshire (Sir Drefaldwyn), Wales.
Louth is a market town and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Ludlow is a market town in Shropshire, England, south of Shrewsbury and north of Hereford via the main A49 road, which bypasses the town.
Lyme Regis is a town in West Dorset, England, west of Dorchester and east of Exeter.
Lymington is a port town on the west bank of the Lymington River on the Solent, in the New Forest district of Hampshire, England.
Macclesfield is a market town and civil parish in Cheshire, England.
Maidenhead is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the south-western bank of the River Thames.
Maidstone is a large, historically important town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town.
Maldon (locally) is a town on the Blackwater estuary in Essex, England.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Marlborough is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath.
The Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber Region of England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Stockport is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Walsall is a local government district in the West Midlands, England, with the status of a metropolitan borough.
The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in North West England.
Monmouth (Trefynwy meaning "town on the Monnow") is the historic county town of Monmouthshire, Wales.
Monmouthshire, also known as the County of Monmouth (Sir Fynwy), is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county.
Montgomeryshire, also known as Maldwyn (Sir Drefaldwyn meaning "the Shire of Baldwin's town") is one of thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Wales.
Morpeth is a historic market town in Northumberland, north-east England, lying on the River Wansbeck.
Much Wenlock is a small town and parish in Shropshire, England, situated on the A458 road between Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth.
Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002.
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was a borough in England.
The Municipal Corporations Act (Ireland) 1840 (3 & 4 Vict. c. 108), An Act for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in Ireland, was passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom on 10 August 1840.
Municipal Corporations Act (with its variations) is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to municipal corporations.
The Municipal Corporations Act 1882 (45 & 46 Vict. c.50) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Neath (Castell-nedd) is a town and community situated in the principal area of Neath Port Talbot, Wales with a population of 19,258 in 2011.
Newark-on-Trent or Newark is a market town and civil parish in the Newark and Sherwood district of the county of Nottinghamshire, in the East Midlands of England.
Newbury is a market town in Berkshire, England, which is the administrative headquarters of West Berkshire.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Newcastle-under-Lyme (locally; or Underlem, cf. Burslem, Audlem), is a market town in Staffordshire, England, and is the principal settlement in the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme.
Newport City Council (Welsh: Cyngor Dinas Casnewydd) is the governing body for the city of Newport, one of the subdivisions of Wales within the United Kingdom.
Newport is a civil parish and the county town of the Isle of Wight, an island off the south coast of England.
Newport (Casnewydd) is a cathedral and university city and unitary authority area in south east Wales.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
Norwich (also) is a city on the River Wensum in East Anglia and lies approximately north-east of London.
Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.
Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.
Oswestry (Croesoswallt) is a large market town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Oxonium, the Latin name for Oxford) is a county in South East England.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Pembroke (Penfro) is an historic settlement and was the county town of Pembrokeshire in West Wales.
Pembrokeshire (or; Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales.
Penryn (Pennrynn, meaning 'promontory') is a civil parish and town in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Penzance (Pennsans) is a town, civil parish and port in Cornwall, in England, United Kingdom.
Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.
A police burgh was a Scottish burgh which had adopted a “police system” for governing the town.
Pontefract is a historic market town in West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 (or Great North Road) and the M62 motorway.
Poole is a large coastal town and seaport in the county of Dorset, on the south coast of England.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England, on the north bank of the River Ribble.
Pwllheli is a community and the main market town of the Llŷn Peninsula (Penrhyn Llŷn) in Gwynedd, north-western Wales.
The Radicals were a loose parliamentary political grouping in Great Britain and Ireland in the early to mid-19th century, who drew on earlier ideas of radicalism and helped to transform the Whigs into the Liberal Party.
Rates are a type of property tax system in the United Kingdom, and in places with systems deriving from the British one, the proceeds of which are used to fund local government.
Reading is a large, historically important minster town in Berkshire, England, of which it is the county town.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
Retford (pronounced rɛt-fʌd, RET-fud) is a market town in Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England, from Nottingham, and west of Lincoln.
Richmond is a market town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England and the administrative centre of the district of Richmondshire.
Ripon is a cathedral city in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England.
Romsey is a market town in the county of Hampshire, England.
A rotten or pocket borough, more formally known as a nomination borough or proprietorial borough, was a parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.
The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is a borough in southwest London, England.
The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead is a Royal Borough of Berkshire, in South East England.
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
Ruthin (Rhuthun) is the county town of Denbighshire in north Wales.
Rye is a small town in East Sussex, England, two miles from the sea at the confluence of three rivers: the Rother, the Tillingham and the Brede.
Saffron Walden is a market town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, north of Bishop's Stortford, south of Cambridge and north of London.
Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne.
Salisbury City Council is an English city council in which the Conservatives currently have an overall majority.
Sandwich is a historic town and civil parish on the River Stour in the non-metropolitan district of Dover, within the ceremonial county of Kent, south-east England.
Scarborough is a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
In British politics, parliamentary select committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on Human Rights.
Shaftesbury is a town and civil parish in Dorset, England.
Shrewsbury is the county town of Shropshire, England.
Shrewsbury and Atcham was, between 1974 and 2009, a local government district with borough status in Shropshire, England.
Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.
Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.
South Molton is a small town in Devon, England.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southwold is a small town on the English North Sea coast in the Waveney district of Suffolk.
St Albans is a city in Hertfordshire, England, and the major urban area in the City and District of St Albans.
St Ives (Porth Ia, meaning "St Ia's cove") is a seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall.
Stafford is the county town of Staffordshire, in the West Midlands of England.
Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.
Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, north of London on the A1.
Stockport is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, south-east of Manchester city centre, where the River Goyt and Tame merge to create the River Mersey.
Stockton-on-Tees is a market town in the ceremonial county of County Durham, North East England.
Stratford-upon-Avon is a market town and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon District, in the county of Warwickshire, England, on the River Avon, north west of London, south east of Birmingham, and south west of Warwick.
Sudbury is a small market town in the English county of Suffolk.
Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England.
Sui generis is a Latin phrase that means "of its (his, her, their) own kind; in a class by itself; unique." A number of disciplines use the term to refer to unique entities.
Sunderland is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 10 miles southeast of Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles northeast of Durham, 101 miles southeast of Edinburgh, 104 miles north-northeast of Manchester, 77 miles north of Leeds, and 240 miles north-northwest of London.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.
Tamworth is a large market town in Staffordshire, England, northeast of Birmingham and northwest of London.
Tenby (Dinbych-y-pysgod, meaning fortlet of the fish) is a walled seaside town in Pembrokeshire, Wales, on the western side of Carmarthen Bay.
Tenterden is a town with a large conservation area in the Ashford District of Kent, England.
Tewkesbury is a town and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Thetford is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland district of Norfolk, England.
Thomas Jefferson Hogg (24 May 1792 – 27 August 1862) was a British barrister and writer best known for his friendship with the Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Time immemorial (temps immémorial) is a phrase meaning time extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition, indefinitely ancient, "ancient beyond memory or record".
Tiverton is a town in the English county of Devon and the main commercial and administrative centre of the Mid Devon district.
Totnes is a market town and civil parish at the head of the estuary of the River Dart in Devon, England within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Truro (Truru) is a city and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Unreformed boroughs were those corporate towns in England and Wales which had not been reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Wallingford is an ancient market town and civil parish in the upper Thames Valley in England.
Walsall is an industrial town in the West Midlands of England.
A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.
Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire, England.
Warwickshire (abbreviated Warks) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.
Wells is a cathedral city and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, on the southern edge of the Mendip Hills.
Welshpool (Y Trallwng) is a town in Wales, historically in the county of Montgomeryshire, but currently administered as part of the unitary authority of Powys.
Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is a historic county in north west England.
Weymouth and Portland is a local government district and borough in Dorset, England.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Wigan is a town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Douglas, south-west of Bolton, north of Warrington and west-northwest of Manchester.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.
Winchester is a city and the county town of Hampshire, England.
Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.
Wisbech is a Fenland market town, inland port and civil parish in the Fens of Cambridgeshire, England.
Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham, west-northwest of London, north of Gloucester and northeast of Hereford.
Worcestershire (written abbreviation: Worcs) is a county in the West Midlands of England.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
1835 Municipal Corporations Act, 1835 Municipal Franchise Act, Municipal Corporation Act 1835, Municipal Corporation Act 1935, Municipal Franchise Act 1835, Municipal Reform Act, Municipal Reform Act 1835, Municipal Reform Bill, Royal Commission on Municipal Corporations, The Municipal Corporations Act 1835.