386 relations: AECOM, Age of Enlightenment, Agriculture, Aircraft, Alexandria, Ambon, Maluku, American Alliance of Museums, American Museum of Natural History, American Philosophical Society, Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Ancient Agora of Athens, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Animal, Anthropology, Applied arts, Apsley House, Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Art Institute of Chicago, Art museum, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Artifact (archaeology), Artificial reef, Artist's book, Artur Hazelius, Ashmolean Museum, Astronomy, Audio tour, Aviation, Basel, Beijing, Belvedere, Vienna, Berlin Zoological Garden, Besançon, Biography, Borussia Dortmund, Boston Children's Museum, Botanical garden, British Library, British Museum, Bronx Zoo, Brookfield Zoo, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn Children's Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Brukenthal National Museum, ..., Cabinet of curiosities, Canada, Canada Science and Technology Museum, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canadian War Museum, Cancún Underwater Museum, Capitoline Museums, Catherine the Great, Ceramic art, Charles III of Spain, Charles Willson Peale, Charleston Museum, Chicago, Chicago Botanic Garden, Child, Children's museum, Christopher Wren, Church History Museum, Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Collection (artwork), Collection Management Policy, Collective memory, Colonial Williamsburg, Computer, Computer data storage, Conner Prairie, Conservator-restorer, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Corning Museum of Glass, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Craft, Cultural history, Culture, Curator, Curatorial platform, Czartoryski Museum, Dahesh Museum of Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Decorative arts, Design, Design museum, Digitization, Display case, District Six Museum, Doc Holliday, Dodo, Dortmund, Drawing, Eastern Europe, Ecomuseum, Elias Ashmole, England, Ennigaldi-Nanna's museum, Ethnic group, Ethnology, Europe, Exhibit design, Exploratorium, Fashion, Feminism, Fine art, Florence, France, French Republican Calendar, French Revolution, Geology, Georg Eberhard Rumphius, Georgia (country), German Tank Museum, Germany, Giorgio Vasari, Glass, Glendale, Arizona, Golden Triangle of Art, Graphics, Greek mythology, Griffith Observatory, Griselda Pollock, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Haarlem, Hampton Court Palace, Handel & Hendrix in London, Hans Sloane, Henry Ford, Henry VIII of England, Hermitage Museum, Historic house, Historic site, History, House of Habsburg, House of Medici, House of Slaves, Illustration, IMAX, Imperial War Museum Duxford, Independence Hall, Indian Museum, Kolkata, Indonesia, Industrial design, Informal learning, International Confederation of Architectural Museums, International Council of Museums, International Museum Day, International Spy Museum, Interpretation centre, Interpretive planning, Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum, Invention, Italy, Izabela Czartoryska, James Cuno, Jardin des plantes, Jean-Baptiste Boisot, John Clum, John Cotton Dana, John D. Rockefeller, John Hunter (surgeon), John Tradescant the Elder, John Tradescant the Younger, Keats–Shelley Memorial House, Kikin Hall, Kolkata, Kraków, Kunstkamera, Kunstmuseum Basel, Lange Max Museum, Latin, Leeds, List of largest art museums, List of most visited art museums, List of most visited museums, List of museums, List of railway museums, Lists of composers, London, London Zoo, Los Angeles, Louvre, Madrid, Maritime museum, Materia medica, Mütter Museum, Mesopotamia, Metalworking, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mexico, Michel Foucault, Military awards and decorations, Military history, Military uniform, Modern art, Monarchy of Spain, Musaeum, Musée d'Orsay, Musée de l'Armée, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie de Besançon, Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Muses, Museum, Museum education, Museum fatigue, Museum label, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Museum of Modern Art, Museum of Motherhood, Museum of New Art, Museum of Salt and Pepper Shakers, Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago), Museum of the History of Riga and Navigation, Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, Museum of Toys and Automata, Museum of World Treasures, Museum on the Move, Museum planning, Musician, Mystic Seaport, Namyangju, Napoleon, National Air and Space Museum, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, National Constitution Center, National Gallery, National Gallery of Art, National LGBT Museum, National Museum of American History, National Museum of China, National Museum of Crime & Punishment, National Museum of Indonesia, National Museum of Natural History, National Museum of Natural History (France), National Museum of the American Indian, National Museum of the United States Air Force, National Palace Museum, National September 11 Memorial & Museum, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, Natural history, Natural History Museum, London, Natural science, Neo-Babylonian Empire, New York City, No Show Museum, Nonprofit organization, Northern Europe, Norway, Norwegian Museum of Cultural History, Ohio, Old master print, Old Sturbridge Village, Ontario, Ontario Science Centre, Open-air museum, Organic farming, Oscar II of Sweden, Oslo, Ottawa, Oxford, Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Ozurgeti History Museum, Painting, Paris, Peru, Philadelphia, Philately, Philosophy, Physics, Piazza di Spagna, Planetarium, Plimoth Plantation, Pope Julius II, Pope Sixtus IV, Preservation (library and archival science), Presidential library, Print room, Product (business), Propaganda, Ptolemy I Soter, Public-order crime, Regional Museum of the National University of San Martin, Registrar (museum), Renaissance, Repatriation (cultural heritage), Rimsky-Korsakov Apartment and Museum, Robert Plot, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Roman Forum, Rome, Royal Armouries, Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Royal Botanical Gardens (Ontario), Royal College of Surgeons of England, Russia, Sagamore Hill (house), Saint Petersburg, Samuel von Brukenthal, San Diego Zoo, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Santa Cruz Museum of Art and History, Scandinavia, Science, Science museum, Science Museum, London, Sculpture, Shanghai, Shanghai Science and Technology Museum, Shared historical authority, Sibiu, Skansen, Smithsonian Institution, South Korea, Southern United States, St. Vital Historical Society, Stockholm, Switzerland, Taipei, Taipei Botanical Garden, Tank, Tate Modern, Taubman Museum of Art, Technology, Technology museum, Teylers Museum, The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, The Henry Ford, The Tombstone Epitaph, Themed Entertainment Association, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Tombstone, Arizona, Tony Bennett (sociologist), Tower of London, Toy museum, Transylvania, Trustee, Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Uffizi, Ulisse Aldrovandi, United Kingdom, United States, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, University, University of Florida, University of Oxford, USS Iowa Museum, Vatican City, Vatican Museums, Victoria and Albert Museum, Victoria County History, Video art, Vienna, Virtual Library museums pages, Virtual museum, Virtual Museum of Canada, Visual arts, Volunteering, Walker Art Center, Washington, D.C., Weapon, Wellington Museum, Western Australian Museum, Western Front (World War I), Whitney Museum of American Art, Williamsburg, Virginia, Work of art, World War I, World War II, World Wide Web, Wyatt Earp, Zürich Zoologischer Garten, Zoo, .museum, 3D film. 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AECOM (formerly known as AECOM Technology Corporation) is an American multinational engineering firm that provides design, consulting, construction, and management services to a wide range of clients.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Ambon (Indonesian: Kota Ambon) is the capital and most populous city of the Indonesian province of Maluku.
The American Alliance of Museums (AAM), formerly the American Association of Museums, is a non-profit association that has brought museums together since its founding in 1906, helping develop standards and best practices, gathering and sharing knowledge, and advocating on issues of concern to the museum community.
The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
The Amon Carter Museum of American Art (ACMAA) is located in Fort Worth, Texas, in the city's cultural district.
The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens is the best-known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
The applied arts are the application of design and decoration to everyday objects to make them aesthetically pleasing.
Apsley House is the London townhouse of the Dukes of Wellington.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
The Art Institute of Chicago, founded in 1879 and located in Chicago's Grant Park, is one of the oldest and largest art museums in the United States.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
An artifact, or artefact (see American and British English spelling differences), is something made or given shape by humans, such as a tool or a work of art, especially an object of archaeological interest.
An artificial reef is a man-made underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, or improve surfing.
Artists' books (or book arts) are works of art that utilize the form of the book.
Artur Immanuel Hazelius (30 November 1833 – 27 May 1901), Swedish teacher, scholar and folklorist, founder of the Nordic Museum and the open-air museum Skansen in Stockholm.
The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England, is the world's first university museum.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
An audio tour or audio guide provides a recorded spoken commentary, normally through a handheld device, to a visitor attraction such as a museum.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna, Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables.
The Berlin Zoological Garden (Zoologischer Garten Berlin) is the oldest and best-known zoo in Germany.
Besançon (French and Arpitan:; archaic Bisanz, Vesontio) is the capital of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life.
Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.V. Dortmund, commonly known as Borussia Dortmund, BVB, or simply Dortmund, is a German sports club based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia (Borussia is the Latin equivalent of Prussia).
Boston Children's Museum is a children's museum in Boston, Massachusetts, dedicated to the education of children.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest national library in the world by number of items catalogued.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The Bronx Zoo is a zoo located within Bronx Park in the Bronx, a borough of New York City.
Brookfield Zoo, also known as the Chicago Zoological Park, is a zoo located in the Chicago suburb of Brookfield, Illinois.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BBG) is a botanical garden in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.
The Brooklyn Children's Museum is a children's museum in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York City.
The Brooklyn Museum is an art museum located in the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
The Brukenthal National Museum (Muzeul Naţional Brukenthal; Brukenthalmuseum) is a museum, erected in the late 18th century in Sibiu, Transylvania, Romania, housed in the palace of Samuel von Brukenthal — who was Habsburg governor of Transylvania and who established its first collections around 1790.
Cabinets of curiosities (also known in German loanwords as Kunstkabinett, Kunstkammer or Wunderkammer; also Cabinets of Wonder, and wonder-rooms) were encyclopedic collections of objects whose categorical boundaries were, in Renaissance Europe, yet to be defined.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canada Science and Technology Museum (Musée des sciences et de la technologie du Canada) is located in Ottawa, Ontario, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway (Highway 417).
The Canadian Museum of Nature (Musée canadien de la nature), formerly called the National Museum of Natural Sciences, official website.
The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada's national museum of military history.
The Cancún Underwater Museum (Museo Subacuático de Arte, known as MUSA) is a non-profit organization based in Cancún, Mexico devoted to the art of conservation.
The Capitoline Museums (Italian: Musei Capitolini) are a single museum containing a group of art and archaeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill in Rome, Italy.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
Ceramic art is art made from ceramic materials, including clay.
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as Charles VII and Sicily as Charles V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand.
Charles Willson Peale (April 15, 1741February 22, 1827) was an American painter, soldier, scientist, inventor, politician and naturalist.
The Charleston Museum is one of the oldest museums in the United States.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Botanic Garden is a living plant museum situated on nine islands in the Cook County Forest Preserves.
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.
Children's museums are institutions that provide exhibits and programs to stimulate informal learning experiences for children.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
The Church History Museum is the premier museum operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden is the second-oldest zoo in the United States.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum in Cleveland, Ohio, located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on the city's east side.
A museum is distinguished by a collection of often unique objects that forms the core of its activities for exhibitions, education, research, etc.
A Collection Management Policy lays the foundation for how a museum handles situations pertaining to their collection.
Collective memory is the shared pool of knowledge and information in the memories of two or more members of a social group.
Colonial Williamsburg is a living-history museum and private foundation presenting part of an historic district in the city of Williamsburg, Virginia, United States.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Conner Prairie is an interactive history park, or living history museum, in Fishers, Indiana, United States, that preserves the William Conner home, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and recreates part of life in Indiana in the 19th century on the White River.
A conservator-restorer is a professional responsible for the preservation of artistic and cultural artifacts, also known as cultural heritage.
The Contemporary Arts Museum – Houston is a not-for-profit institution in the Museum District, Houston, Texas, founded in 1948,dedicated to presenting contemporary art to the public.
The Corcoran Gallery of Art was an art museum in Washington, D.C. Prior to its closing, it was one of the oldest privately supported cultural institutions in the United States capital.
The Corning Museum of Glass is a museum in Corning, New York dedicated to the art, history and science of glass.
Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death.
A craft or trade is a pastime or a profession that requires particular skills and knowledge of skilled work.
Cultural history combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
A curator (from cura, meaning "to take care") is a manager or overseer.
A curatorial platform is.
The Czartoryski Museum and Library (Muzeum Książąt Czartoryskich w Krakowie) is a museum located in Kraków, Poland, founded in Puławy in 1796 by Princess Izabela Czartoryska.
The Dahesh Museum of Art is the only museum in the United States devoted to the collection and exhibition of European academic art of the 19th and 20th century.
The Dallas Museum of Art (DMA) is an art museum located in the Arts District of downtown Dallas, Texas, along Woodall Rodgers Freeway between St.
The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns).
A design museum is a museum with a focus on product, industrial, graphic, fashion and architectural design.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
A display case (showcase, display cabinet, or vitrine) is a cabinet with one or often more transparent glass (or plastic, normally acrylic for strength) surfaces, used to display objects for viewing.
District Six Museum is a museum in the former inner-city residential area, District Six, in Cape Town, South Africa.
John Henry "Doc" Holliday (August 14, 1851 – November 8, 1887) was an American gambler, gunfighter, and dentist, and a good friend of Wyatt Earp.
The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
An ecomuseum is a museum focused on the identity of a place, largely based on local participation and aiming to enhance the welfare and development of local communities.
Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was an English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Ennigaldi-Nanna's museum is thought to be the first museum by some historians, although this is speculative.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnology (from the Greek ἔθνος, ethnos meaning "nation") is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationship between them (cf. cultural, social, or sociocultural anthropology).
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Exhibit design (or exhibition design) is the process of developing an exhibit—from a concept through to a physical, three-dimensional exhibition.
The Exploratorium is a museum in San Francisco that allows visitors to explore the world through science, art, and human perception.
Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Republican Calendar (calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary Calendar (calendrier révolutionnaire français), was a calendar created and implemented during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Georg Eberhard Rumphius (originally: Rumpf; baptized c. November 1, 1627 – June 15, 1702) was a German-born botanist employed by the Dutch East India Company in what is now eastern Indonesia, and is best known for his work Herbarium Amboinense produced in the face of severe personal tragedies, including the death of his wife and a daughter in an earthquake, going blind from glaucoma, loss of his library and manuscripts in major fire, and losing early copies of his book when the ship carrying it was sunk.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
The German Tank Museum (Deutsches Panzermuseum Munster (DPM)) at www.deutsches-panzermuseum.de.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Giorgio Vasari (30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Glendale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located about nine miles (14 km) northwest from Downtown Phoenix.
The Golden Triangle of Art is made up of three important art museums that are located close to one another on the Paseo del Prado, in the centre of Madrid, Spain.
Graphics (from Greek γραφικός graphikos, "belonging to drawing") are visual images or designs on some surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen, paper, or stone to inform, illustrate, or entertain.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
Griffith Observatory is a facility in Los Angeles, California, sitting on the south-facing slope of Mount Hollywood in Los Angeles' Griffith Park.
Griselda Pollock (born 11 March 1949) is a visual theorist, cultural analyst and scholar of international, postcolonial feminist studies in the visual arts.
The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral was a 30-second shootout between lawmen and members of a loosely organized group of outlaws called the Cowboys that took place at about 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, October 26, 1881, in Tombstone, Arizona Territory.
Haarlem (predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands.
Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England, south west and upstream of central London on the River Thames.
Handel & Hendrix in London (previously Handel House Museum) is a museum in Mayfair, London dedicated to the lives and works of the German-born British baroque composer George Frideric Handel and the rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix, who lived at 25 and 23 Brook Street respectively.
Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet, (16 April 1660 – 11 January 1753) was an Irish physician, naturalist and collector noted for bequeathing his collection to the British nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
The State Hermitage Museum (p) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
A historic house generally meets several criteria before being listed by an official body as "historic." Generally the building is at least a certain age, depending on the rules for the individual list.
Historic site or Heritage site is an official location where pieces of political, military, cultural, or social history have been preserved due to their cultural heritage value.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.
The House of Slaves (Maison des Esclaves) and its Door of No Return is a museum and memorial to the Atlantic slave trade on Gorée Island, 3 km off the coast of the city of Dakar, Senegal.
An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in published media, such as posters, flyers, magazines, books, teaching materials, animations, video games and films.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England.
Independence Hall is the building where both the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted.
The Indian Museum in Kolkata, also referred to as the Imperial Museum at Calcutta in British India era texts, is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Informal learning is any learning that is not formal learning or non-formal learning, such as self-directed learning or learning from experience.
The International Confederation of Architectural Museums (ICAM) is an organisation of architectural museums, centres and collections, dedicated to fostering links between all those interested in promoting the better understanding of architecture.
Created in 1946, the International Council of Museums (ICOM) is a non-governmental organisation maintaining formal relations with UNESCO and having a consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
International Museum Day (IMD) is an international day a celebration that held every year on or around 18 May, coordinated by the International Council of Museums (ICOM).
The International Spy Museum is a 501(c)(3) private non-profit museum dedicated to the tradecraft, history and contemporary role of espionage, featuring the largest collection of international espionage artifacts currently on public display.
An interpretation centre, interpretive centre, or visitor interpretive centre is an institution for dissemination of knowledge of natural or cultural heritage.
Interpretive planning is an initial step in the planning and design process for informal learning-based institutions like museums, zoos, science centers, nature centers, botanical gardens, heritage sites, parks and other cultural facilities where interpretation is used to communicate messages, stories, information and experiences.
The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City.
An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Princess Izabela Dorota Czartoryska (née Fleming; 3 March 1746 – 15 July 1835) was a Polish noblewoman, writer, and art collector who is widely regarded as a very prominent figure of the Enlightenment in Poland.
James Bash Cuno (born April 4, 1951 in St Louis) is an American art historian and curator, who currently serves as President and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust since 2011.
The Jardin des plantes (French for 'Garden of the Plants'), also known as the jardin des plantes de Paris when distinguished from other jardins des plantes in other cities, is the main botanical garden in France.
Jean-Baptiste Boisot (July 1638 – 4 December 1694) was a French abbot, bibliophile, and scholar notable for leaving his collection of manuscripts (including the papers of cardinal Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle) to the Benedictine monks of Saint-Vincent.
John Philip Clum (September 1, 1851 - May 2, 1932) was an Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory.
John Cotton Dana (born August 19, 1856 in Woodstock, Vermont – d. July 21, 1929 in Newark, New Jersey) was an American library and museum director who sought to make these cultural institutions relevant to the daily lives of citizens.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Hunter (13 February 1728 – 16 October 1793) was a Scottish surgeon, one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day.
John Tradescant the Elder (c. 1570s – 15–16 April 1638), father of John Tradescant the younger, was an English naturalist, gardener, collector and traveller, probably born in Suffolk, England.
John Tradescant the Younger (4 August 1608 – 22 April 1662), son of John Tradescant the elder, was a botanist and gardener, born in Meopham, Kent and educated at The King's School, Canterbury.
The Keats–Shelley Memorial House is a writer's house museum in Rome, Italy, commemorating the Romantic poets John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley.
The Kikin Hall (Кикины палаты) is one of the oldest buildings in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
The Kunstkamera (or Kunstkammer; Кунсткамера) is the first museum in Russia.
The Kunstmuseum Basel houses the largest and most significant public art collection in Switzerland, and is listed as a heritage site of national significance.
The Lange Max Museum (LMM) is devoted to the German 38 cm SK L/45 "Max" gun and the German occupation of Koekelare and the nearby area in World War I. The focus on the German side of the war makes it a unique museum in Belgium.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space.
This article lists the most visited art museums in the world, as listed by Art Newspaper Review Visitor Figures Survey (April 2018) and the Museum Index of the Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) and engineering firm (AECOM).
This article lists the most visited museums in the world in 2017, as ranked by Art Newspaper Review Visitor Figures Survey (April 2018) and the Museum Index of the Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) and engineering firm (AECOM) (May 2018).
This is a list of museums.
A railway museum is a museum that explores the history of all aspects of rail related transportation, including: locomotives (steam, diesel, and electric), railway cars, trams, and railway signalling equipment.
This is a list of lists of composers grouped by various criteria.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
A maritime museum (sometimes nautical museum) is a museum specializing in the display of objects relating to ships and travel on large bodies of water.
Materia medica (medical material/substance) is a Latin term for the body of collected knowledge about the therapeutic properties of any substance used for healing (i.e., medicines).
The Mütter Museum is a medical museum located in the Center City area of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large-scale structures.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
A military decoration is an award, usually a medal of some sort that consists of a ribbon and medallion given to an individual as a distinctively designed mark of honor denoting heroism, or meritorious or outstanding service or achievement.
Military history is a humanities discipline within the scope of general historical recording of armed conflict in the history of humanity, and its impact on the societies, their cultures, economies and changing local and international relationships.
A military uniform is the standardised dress worn by members of the armed forces and paramilitaries of various nations.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
The monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (La Corona), is a constitutional institution and historic office of Spain.
The Musaeum or Mouseion at Alexandria (Μουσεῖον τῆς Ἀλεξανδρείας), which included the famous Library of Alexandria, was an institution founded by Ptolemy I Soter or, perhaps more likely, by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank of the Seine.
The Musée de l'Armée (Army Museum) is a national military museum of France located at Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
The musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie (Museum of Fine Arts and Archeology) in the French city of Besançon is the oldest public museum in France.
The Prado Museum is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid.
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS, also called the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofía Museum, El Reina Sofía, or simply El Reina) is Spain's national museum of 20th-century art.
The Muses (/ˈmjuːzɪz/; Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts in Greek mythology.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
Museum education is a specialized field devoted to developing and strengthening the education role of non-formal education spaces and institutions such as museums.
Museum fatigue is a state of physical or mental fatigue caused by the experience of exhibits in museums and similar cultural institutions.
A museum label or caption is a label describing an object exhibited in a museum, or one introducing a room or area, or the whole museum.
The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA) is a contemporary art museum with three locations in greater Los Angeles, California.
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues.
The Museum of Motherhood, also known as M.O.M, was conceived in 2003 and first opened to the public on Main St.
The Museum of New Art, better known as MONA is the first popup museum, founded in 1996 and run by artists since then.
The Museum of Salt and Pepper Shakers is located in Gatlinburg, Tennessee.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois, in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood between Lake Michigan and The University of Chicago.
Museum of the History of Riga and Navigation (Rīgas vēstures un kuģniecības muzejs) is housed by the Riga Dom Cathedral ensemble in the heart of the Old Riga, Latvia.
The Museum of the History of Science in Broad Street, Oxford, England, holds a leading collection of scientific instruments from Middle Ages to the 19th century.
The Museum of Toys and Automata (in Catalan language Museu de Joguets i Autòmats) was a museum of toys and automata located in Verdú, in central Catalonia, Spain.
The Museum of World Treasures is a world history museum in Wichita, Kansas, United States.
The Museum on the Move project is a mobile museum exhibit built in an Airstream trailer by graduate students at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
Museum Planning is the creation of documents to describe a new museum’s vision, the visitor experience and an organizational plan for a new institution, or one undergoing a major expansion or change in focus.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
Mystic Seaport or Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea in Mystic, Connecticut is the largest maritime museum in the United States.
Namyangju is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests.
The National Constitution Center is a nonprofit, nonpartisan institution devoted to the United States Constitution.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The National LGBT Museum is a proposed museum of LGBT history and culture.
The National Museum of American History: Kenneth E. Behring Center collects, preserves, and displays the heritage of the United States in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific, and military history.
The National Museum of China flanks the eastern side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.
The National Museum of Crime and Punishment, also known as the Crime Museum, was a privately owned museum dedicated to the history of criminology and penology in the United States.
The National Museum of Indonesia (Museum Nasional), is an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum located in Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Central Jakarta, right on the west side of Merdeka Square.
The National Museum of Natural History is a natural-history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.
The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the (abbreviation MNHN), is the national natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of higher education part of Sorbonne Universities.
The National Museum of the American Indian is part of the Smithsonian Institution and is committed to advancing knowledge and understanding of the Native cultures of the Western Hemisphere—past, present, and future—through partnership with Native people and others.
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
The National Palace Museum, located in Taipei and Taibao, Taiwan, has a permanent collection of nearly 700,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest of its type in the world.
The National September 11 Memorial & Museum (also known as the 9/11 Memorial & Museum) is a memorial and museum in New York City commemorating the September 11, 2001 attacks, which killed 2,977 people, and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, which killed six.
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), Pub.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
The Natural History Museum in London is a natural history museum that exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history.
Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire (also Second Babylonian Empire) was a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The No Show Museum is an art museum, established in Zurich, Switzerland in 2015, devoted to nothing and its various manifestations throughout the history of art.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Northern Europe is the general term for the geographical region in Europe that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Norsk Folkemuseum (Norwegian Museum of Cultural History), at Bygdøy, Oslo, Norway, is a museum of cultural history with extensive collections of artifacts from all social groups and all regions of the country.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
An old master print is a work of art produced by a printing process within the Western tradition.
Old Sturbridge Village (OSV) is a living museum located in Sturbridge, Massachusetts, in the United States, which re-creates life in rural New England during the 1790s through 1830s.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Ontario Science Centre (Centre des sciences de l'Ontario) is a science museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, near the Don Valley Parkway about northeast of downtown on Don Mills Road just south of Eglinton Avenue East in the former city of North York.
An open-air museum (or open air museum) is a museum that exhibits collections of buildings and artifacts out-of-doors.
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik; 21 January 1829 – 8 December 1907) was King of Sweden from 1872 until his death, and the last Bernadotte King of Norway from 1872 until his dethronement in 1905.
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxford University Museum of Natural History, sometimes known simply as the Oxford University Museum or OUMNH, is a museum displaying many of the University of Oxford's natural history specimens, located on Parks Road in Oxford, England.
The Ozurgeti History Museum is a historical-ethnographic museum located in Ozurgeti.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philately is the study of stamps and postal history and other related items.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Piazza di Spagna, at the bottom of the Spanish Steps, is one of the most famous squares in Rome (Italy).
A planetarium (plural planetaria or planetariums) is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation.
Plimoth Plantation, founded in 1947, is a living history museum in Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA that attempts to replicate the original settlement of the Plymouth Colony established in the 17th century by English colonists who later became known as the Pilgrims.
Pope Julius II (Papa Giulio II; Iulius II) (5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), born Giuliano della Rovere, and nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope".
Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.
Preservation refers to the set of activities that aims to prolong the life of a record with as little changes to the original record as possible.
In the United States, the presidential library system is a nationwide network of 15 libraries administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
A print room is either a room or industrial building where printing takes place, or a room in an art gallery or museum, where a collection of old master and modern prints, usually together with drawings, watercolours and photographs, are held and viewed.
In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Ptolemy I Soter (Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Savior"; c. 367 BC – 283/2 BC), also known as Ptolemy of Lagus (Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Λάγου/Λαγίδης), was a Macedonian Greek general under Alexander the Great, one of the three Diadochi who succeeded to his empire.
In criminology, public-order crime is defined by Siegel (2004) as "crime which involves acts that interfere with the operations of society and the ability of people to function efficiently", i.e., it is behaviour that has been labelled criminal because it is contrary to shared norms, social values, and customs.
The Regional Museum of the National University of San Martín (Spanish: Museo Regional de la Universidad Nacional de San Martín) in Tarapoto, is well known throughout Peru as having one of the premier ethnographic and archaeological collections related to the Peruvian Upper Amazon (selva alta and selva baja).
A registrar (museum) is responsible for implementing policies and procedures that relate to caring for collections of cultural institutions like archives, libraries, and museums.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Repatriation is the return of art or cultural heritage, usually referring to ancient or looted art, to their country of origin or former owners (or their heirs).
The Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Memorial Museum-Apartment is a branch of the St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Music.
Robert Plot (13 December 1640 – 30 April 1696) was an English naturalist, first Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, and the first keeper of the Ashmolean Museum.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.
The Roman Forum, also known by its Latin name Forum Romanum (Foro Romano), is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Royal Armouries is the United Kingdom's National Museum of Arms and Armour.
The Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 1778-1962) was a Dutch learned society in Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia).
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (brand name Kew) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Royal Botanical Gardens (RBG) is headquartered in Burlington and also owns extensive natural areas and gardens lands in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
The Royal College of Surgeons of England (abbreviated RCS and sometimes RCSEng), is an independent professional body and registered charity promoting and advancing standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Sagamore Hill was the home of the 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, from 1885 until his death in 1919.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samuel von Brukenthal (26 July 1721 in Leschkirch – 9 April 1803 in Hermannstadt), better known as Samuel Thelaus, was the Habsburg governor of the Grand Principality of Transylvania between 6 July 1774 and 9 January 1787.
The San Diego Zoo is a zoo in Balboa Park, San Diego, California, housing over 3,700 animals of more than 650 species and subspecies.
The San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park is located in San Francisco, California, United States.
The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) is a modern art museum located in San Francisco, California.
The Santa Cruz Museum of Art and History (MAH) is a nonprofit educational institution in Santa Cruz, California, located at the downtown McPherson Center.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
A science museum is a museum devoted primarily to science.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum is a large museum in Pudong, Shanghai, close to Century Park, the largest park within the inner districts of the city.
Shared historical authority is a current trend in museums and historical institutions which aims to open the interpretation of history to the public.
Sibiu (antiquated Sibiiu; Hermannstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Härmeschtat, Nagyszeben) is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245.
Skansen (the Sconce) is the first open-air museum and zoo in Sweden and is located on the island Djurgården in Stockholm, Sweden.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
The Taipei Botanical Garden is located in the Nanhai Academy on Nanhai Road in Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.
The Taubman Museum of Art, formerly the Art Museum of Western Virginia, is an art museum located in Downtown Roanoke, Virginia, United States.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
A technology museum is a museum devoted to applied science and technological developments.
Teylers Museum is an art, natural history, and science museum in Haarlem, Netherlands.
The Children's Museum of Indianapolis is the world's largest children's museum.
The Henry Ford (also known as the Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation and Greenfield Village, and more formally as the Edison Institute) is a large indoor and outdoor history museum complex and a National Historic Landmark in the Detroit suburb of Dearborn, Michigan, United States.
The Tombstone Epitaph is a Tombstone, Arizona-based monthly publication that serves as a window in the history and culture of the Old West.
The Themed Entertainment Association (TEA) is an international non-profit association that represents creators, developers, designers and producers of themed entertainment.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum (in Spanish, the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, named after its founder), or simply the Thyssen, is an art museum in Madrid, Spain, located near the Prado Museum on one of city's main boulevards.
Tombstone is a historic city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States, founded in 1879 by prospector Ed Schieffelin in what was then Pima County, Arizona Territory.
Tony Bennett is an English academic who has also worked in Australia.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Toy museums are museums for toys.
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
Trustee (or the holding of a trusteeship) is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another.
The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (សារមន្ទីរឧក្រិដ្ឋកម្មប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍ទួលស្លែង) is a museum in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, chronicling the Cambodian genocide.
The Uffizi Gallery (italic) is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence in the region of Tuscany, Italy.
Ulisse Aldrovandi (11 September 1522 – 4 May 1605) was an Italian naturalist, the moving force behind Bologna's botanical garden, one of the first in Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) is the United States' official memorial to the Holocaust.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university on a campus in Gainesville, Florida.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The USS Iowa Museum is a maritime museum located at the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, United States.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
The Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani; Musea Vaticana) are Christian and art museums located within the city boundaries of the Vatican City.
The Victoria and Albert Museum (often abbreviated as the V&A) in London is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 2.3 million objects.
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, commonly known as the Victoria County History or the VCH, is an English history project which began in 1899 and was dedicated to Queen Victoria with the aim of creating an encyclopaedic history of each of the historic counties of England.
Video art is an art form which relies on using video technology as a visual and audio medium.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp) formed an early leading directory of online museums around the world.
A museum is defined by the International Council of Museums (ICOM) as a ‘non-profit, permanent institution in the service of society and its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits the tangible and intangible heritage of humanity and its environment for the purposes of education, study and enjoyment’.
The Virtual Museum of Canada (VMC) is Canada's national virtual museum.
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial or social gain "to benefit another person, group or organization".
The Walker Art Center is a multidisciplinary contemporary art center in the Lowry Hill neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
Wellington Museum (formerly the Museum of City & Sea) is a museum on Queens Wharf in Wellington, New Zealand.
The Western Australian Museum is the state museum for Western Australia.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Whitney Museum of American Art – known informally as the "Whitney" – is an art museum located in Manhattan.
Williamsburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp (March 19, 1848 – January 13, 1929) was an American Old West gambler, a deputy sheriff in Pima County, and deputy town marshal in Tombstone, Arizona Territory, who took part in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, during which lawmen killed three outlaw Cochise County Cowboys.
The Zürich Zoologischer Garten (Zürich Zoological Garden) is a zoo located in Zürich, Switzerland.
A zoo (short for zoological garden or zoological park and also called an animal park or menagerie) is a facility in which all animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed.
museum is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet used exclusively by museums, museum associations, and individual members of the museum profession, as these groups are defined by the International Council of Museums (ICOM).
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.
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