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Musique concrète

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Musique concrète (meaning "concrete music") is a genre of electroacoustic music that is made in part from acousmatic sound, or sound without an apparent originating cause. [1]

129 relations: Acousmatic music, Acousmatic sound, Acousmonium, Adjective, Amplifier, Amplitude modulation, Arthur Honegger, Audio engineer, Audio filter, Audio frequency, Audio time-scale/pitch modification, Audium (theater), Band-pass filter, Bernard Parmegiani, Birmingham ElectroAcoustic Sound Theatre, Bobbin, Boris de Schlözer, Cairo, Canadian Electroacoustic Community, Choreography, Christian Zanési, Cinq études de bruits, Computer music, Computer Music Center, Computer Music Journal, Déserts, Delay (audio effect), Delia Derbyshire, Denis Dufour, Denis Smalley, Diatonic and chromatic, Digital signal processing, Edgard Varèse, Electroacoustic music, Electronic music, Electronic oscillator, Etude (Stockhausen), Experimental film, Experimental music, Feedback, François Bayle, François-Bernard Mâche, France, Francis Dhomont, Frequency modulation, Glissando, Halim El-Dabh, Harmonic series (music), Harmony, Henry Cowell, ..., High-pass filter, Hugh Le Caine, Human voice, Iannis Xenakis, Igor Stravinsky, Institut national de l'audiovisuel, Intermodulation, Ivo Malec, Jean Barraqué, Jean Epstein, Jean Grémillon, Jean Rouch, Jean-Claude Éloy, Jonty Harrison, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Loudspeaker, Low-pass filter, Luc Ferrari, Magnetic cartridge, Melody, Meter (music), Michel Chion, Michel Philippot, Microphone, Mixing console, Modular synthesizer, Monaural, Multitrack recording, Music technology, Musical composition, Musical instrument, Musical keyboard, Musique concrète, Noise music, Octave, Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française, Olivier Messiaen, Orpheus, Parametrization, Percussion instrument, Performance, Phonograph, Pierre Boulez, Pierre Henry, Pierre Schaeffer, Pitch (music), Polyphony, Potentiometer, Pythagoras, Radio, Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française, Recording head, Recording studio, Reverberation, Rhythm, Ring modulation, Robert Normandeau, Rudolf Arnheim, Sampling (music), Shellac, Sound, Sound art, Sound collage, Sound design, Sound reinforcement system, Stereophonic sound, Studio d'Essai, Synthesizer, Tape head, Tape recorder, Tape transport, Taylor & Francis, Tod Dockstader, Trade union, Transposition (music), Trevor Wishart, Voltage-controlled filter, Wire recording, Zār. Expand index (79 more) »

Acousmatic music (from Greek ἄκουσμα akousma, "a thing heard") is a form of electroacoustic music that is specifically composed for presentation using speakers, as opposed to a live performance.

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Acousmatic sound is sound one hears without seeing an originating cause.

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The Acousmonium is the sound diffusion system designed in 1974 by Francois Bayle and used originally by the Groupe de Recherches Musicales at the Maison de Radio France.

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In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.

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An amplifier, electronic amplifier or (informally) amp is an electronic device that increases the power of a signal.

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Amplitude modulation (AM) is a modulation technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave.

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Arthur Honegger (10 March 1892 – 27 November 1955) was a Swiss composer, who was born in France and lived a large part of his life in Paris.

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An audio engineer is concerned with the recording, manipulation, mixing and reproduction of sound.

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An audio filter is a frequency dependent amplifier circuit, working in the audio frequency range, 0 Hz to beyond 20 kHz.

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An audio frequency (abbreviation: AF) or audible frequency is characterized as a periodic vibration whose frequency is audible to the average human.

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Time stretching is the process of changing the speed or duration of an audio signal without affecting its pitch.

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Audium is a sound art event that has been presented weekly in San Francisco since 1967.

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A band-pass filter is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.

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Bernard Parmegiani (27 October 1927 − 21 November 2013) was a French composer best known for his electronic or acousmatic music.

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Birmingham ElectroAcoustic Sound Theatre, or as it is more commonly known, BEAST, is a sound diffusion system specifically designed for the performance of electroacoustic music.

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A bobbin is a spindle or cylinder, with or without flanges, on which wire, yarn, thread or film is wound.

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Boris Fyodorovich Schlözer (Russian: Борис Фёдорович Шлёцер, sometimes a transliteration of Boris Fëdorovič Šlëcer or Boris de Šlëcer, born in Vitebsk 8 December 1881 – died in Paris 7 October 1969), was a writer, musicologist and French translator of Russian origin.

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Cairo (القاهرة; Ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Middle-East and second-largest in Africa after Lagos.

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Founded in 1986, La Communauté électroacoustique canadienne / The Canadian Electroacoustic Community (CEC) is Canada’s national electroacoustic / computer music / sonic arts organization and as such is dedicated to promoting this progressive art form in its broadest definition: from “pure” acousmatic and computer music to soundscape and sonic art to hardware hacking and beyond.

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Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified.

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Christian Zanési (born 1952, Lourdes, French) is a French composer.

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Cinq études de bruits (Five Studies of Noises) is a collection of musical compositions by Pierre Schaeffer.

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Computer music is the applications of computing technology in music composition.

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The Computer Music Center (CMC) at Columbia University is the oldest center for electronic and computer music research in the United States.

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Computer Music Journal is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers a wide range of topics related to digital audio signal processing and electroacoustic music.

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Déserts (1950–1954) is a piece by Edgard Varèse for 14 winds (brass and woodwinds), 5 percussion players, 1 piano, and electronic tape.

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Delay is an audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium, and then plays it back after a period of time.

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Delia Ann Derbyshire (5 May 1937 – 3 July 2001) was an English musician and composer of electronic music and musique concrète.

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Denis Dufour (born 9 October 1953, Lyons) is a composer of serious music.

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Denis Arthur Smalley (born 1946 in Nelson, New Zealand) is a composer of electroacoustic music, with a special interest in acousmatic music.

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Diatonic (διατονική) and chromatic (χρωματική) are terms in music theory that are most often used to characterize scales, and are also applied to musical instruments, intervals, chords, notes, musical styles, and kinds of harmony.

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Digital signal processing (DSP) is the numerical manipulation of signals, usually with the intention to measure, filter, produce or compress continuous analog signals.

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Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (also spelled Edgar Varèse;Malcolm MacDonald, Varèse, Astronomer in Sound (London, 2003), ISBN 1-871082-79-X p. xi. December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer who spent the greater part of his career in the United States.

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Electroacoustic music originated in Western art music around the middle of the 20th century, following the incorporation of electric sound production into compositional practice.

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Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments and electronic music technology in its production, an electronic musician being a musician who composes and/or performs such music.

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An electronic oscillator is an electronic circuit that produces a periodic, oscillating electronic signal, often a sine wave or a square wave.

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The Konkrete Etüde (Concrète Étude) is the earliest work of electroacoustic tape music by Karlheinz Stockhausen, composed in 1952 and lasting just three-and-a-quarter minutes.

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Experimental film, experimental cinema or Avant-Garde Cinema is not so much a genre of film as mode of filmmaking that rigorously re-evaluates cinematic conventions and explores alternatives to traditional narratives or methods of working.

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Experimental music is a compositional tradition that arose in the mid-20th century, particularly in North America, of music composed in such a way that its outcome is unforeseeable.

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Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.

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François Bayle (born 27 April 1932, in Toamasina, Madagascar) is a composer of Electronic Music, Musique concrète.

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François-Bernard Mâche (born April 4, 1935, Clermont-Ferrand) is a French composer of contemporary music.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.

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Francis Dhomont (born Paris, France, 2 November 1926) is a French composer of electroacoustic / acousmatic music.

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In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.

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In music, a glissando (plural: glissandi, abbreviated gliss.) is a glide from one pitch to another.

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Halim Abdul Messieh El-Dabh (حليم عبد المسيح الضبع, Ḥalīm ʻAbd al-Masīḥ al-Ḍabʻ; born March 4, 1921) is an Egyptian American composer, performer, ethnomusicologist, and educator, who has had a career spanning six decades.

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A harmonic series is the sequence of all multiples of a base frequency.

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In music, harmony is the use of simultaneous pitches (tones, notes), or chords.

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Henry Cowell (March 11, 1897 – December 10, 1965) was an American composer, music theorist, pianist, teacher, publisher, and impresario.

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A high-pass filter is an electronic filter that passes signals with a frequency higher than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies lower than the cutoff frequency.

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Hugh Le Caine (May 27, 1914 – July 3, 1977) was a Canadian physicist, composer, and instrument builder.

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The voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming etc.

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Iannis Xenakis (Greek: Γιάννης (Ιάννης) Ξενάκης; 29 May 1922 – 4 February 2001) was a Greek-French composer, music theorist, and architect-engineer.

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Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (sometimes spelled Strawinski, Strawinsky, or Stravinskii; ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian (and later, a naturalized French and American) composer, pianist and conductor.

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The Institut national de l'audiovisuel (or INA, French for National Audiovisual Institute) is a repository of all French radio and television audiovisual archives.

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Intermodulation (IM) or intermodulation distortion (IMD) is the amplitude modulation of signals containing two or more different frequencies, caused by nonlinearities in a system.

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Ivo Malec (born 30 March 1925, Zagreb) is a Croatian born French composer, music educator and conductor.

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Jean-Henri-Alphonse Barraqué (January 17, 1928August 17, 1973) was a French composer and writer on music who developed an individual form of serialism which is displayed in a small output.

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Jean Epstein (March 25, 1897 – April 2, 1953) was a French filmmaker, film theorist, literary critic, and novelist.

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Jean Grémillon (3 October 1901 – 25 November 1959) was a French film director.

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Jean Rouch (31 May 1917, Paris – 18 February 2004, Niger) was a French filmmaker and anthropologist.

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Jean-Claude Éloy (born 15 June 1938) is a French composer of instrumental, vocal and electroacoustic music.

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Jonty Harrison is an electroacoustic music composer born April 27, 1952 in Scunthorpe, UK, and currently living in Birmingham, UK.

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Karlheinz Stockhausen (22 August 1928 – 5 December 2007) was a German composer, widely acknowledged by critics as one of the most important but also controversial composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries.

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A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; a device which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.

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A low-pass filter is a filter that passes signals with a frequency lower than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.

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Luc Ferrari (February 5, 1929 – August 22, 2005) was a French composer of Italian heritage, particularly noted for his tape music.

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A magnetic cartridge is a transducer used for the playback of gramophone records on a turntable or phonograph.

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A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

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The meter (or metre) of music is its rhythmic structure, the patterns of accents heard in regularly recurring measures of stressed and unstressed beats (''arsis'' and ''thesis'') at the frequency of the music's pulse.

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Michel Chion born in 1947 in Creil, France, is a composer of experimental music.

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Michel Paul Philippot (2 February 1925 in Verzy – 28 July 1996 in Vincennes) was a French composer, mathematician, acoustician, musicologist, aesthetician, broadcaster, and educator.

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A microphone, colloquially mic or mike, is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal.

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In audio, a mixing console, or audio mixer, also called a mixing desk, audio production console, soundboard or simply mixer, is an electronic device for combining (also called "mixing"), routing, and changing the level, timbre and/or dynamics of audio signals.

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The modular synthesizer is a type of synthesizer, usually analogue, consisting of separate specialized modules.

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Monaural or monophonic sound reproduction (often shortened to mono) is intended to be heard as if it were a single channel of sound perceived as coming from one position (unlike stereo, which uses two channels to convey the impression of sound coming from different places from left, middle, and right).

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Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources to create a cohesive whole.

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Music technology is any technology, such as a computer, an effects unit or a piece of software, that is used by a musician to help make music, especially the use of electronic devices and computer software to facilitate playback, recording, composition, storage, mixing, analysis, editing, and performance.

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Musical composition can refer to an original piece of music, the structure of a musical piece, or the process of creating a new piece of music.

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A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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A musical keyboard is the set of adjacent depressible levers or keys on a musical instrument.

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Musique concrète (meaning "concrete music") is a genre of electroacoustic music that is made in part from acousmatic sound, or sound without an apparent originating cause.

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Noise music is a category of music that is characterised by the expressive use of noise within a musical context.

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In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.

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The Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (ORTF) was the national agency charged, between 1964 and 1974, with providing public radio and television in France.

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Olivier Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.

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Orpheus (Ὀρφεύς) was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth.

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Parametrization (or parameterization; also parameterisation, parametrisation) is the process of deciding and defining the parameters necessary for a complete or relevant specification of a model or geometric object.

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A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument.

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A performance, in the performing arts, generally comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present one or more works of art to an audience.

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The phonograph is a device invented in 1877 for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.

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Pierre Boulez (born 26 March 1925) is a French composer, conductor, writer, and pianist.

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Pierre Henry in January 2008 Pierre Henry (born 9 December 1927) is a French composer, considered a pioneer of the musique concrète genre of electronic music.

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Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer (English pronunciation:,; 14 August 1910 – 19 August 1995) was a French composer, writer, broadcaster, engineer, musicologist and acoustician.

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Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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In music, polyphony is a texture consisting of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice which is called monophony, and in difference from musical texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords which is called homophony.

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A potentiometer, informally a pot, is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding or rotating contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider.

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Pythagoras of Samos (Samian, or simply Πυθαγόρας; Πυθαγόρης in Ionian Greek) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and has been credited as the founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

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Radio is the radiation (wireless transmission) of electromagnetic energy through space.

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Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (RTF – French Radio and Television Broadcasting) was the French national public broadcasting organization established on 9 February 1949 to replace the post-war "Radiodiffusion Française" (RDF), which had been founded in 23 March 1945 to replace Radiodiffusion Nationale (RN), created in 29 July 1939.

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A recording head is the physical interface between a recording apparatus and a moving recording medium.

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A recording studio is a facility for sound recording and mixing.

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Reverberation, in psychoacoustics and acoustics, is the persistence of sound after a sound is produced.

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Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".

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Ring modulation is a signal-processing function in electronics, an implementation of amplitude modulation or frequency mixing, performed by multiplying two signals, where one is typically a sine wave or another simple waveform.

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Robert Normandeau (born March 11, 1955 in Quebec City, Quebec) is a Canadian electroacoustic music composer.

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Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist.

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In music, sampling is the act of taking a portion, or sample, of one sound recording and reusing it as an instrument or a sound recording in a different song or piece.

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Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.

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In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.

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Sound art is an artistic discipline in which sound is utilised as a medium.

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In music, montage (literally "putting together") or sound collage ("gluing together") is a technique where newly branded sound objects or compositions, including songs, are created from collage, also known as montage.

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Sound design is the process of specifying, acquiring, manipulating or generating audio elements.

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A sound reinforcement system is the combination of microphones, signal processors, amplifiers, and loudspeakers that makes live or pre-recorded sounds louder and may also distribute those sounds to a larger or more distant audience.

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Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.

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The Studio d'Essai, later Club d'Essai, was founded in 1942 by Pierre Schaeffer, played a role in the activities of the French resistance during World War II, and later became a center of musical activity.

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A sound synthesizer (usually abbreviated as "synthesizer" or "synth", also spelled "synthesiser") is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals converted to sound through loudspeakers or headphones.

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A tape head is a type of transducer used in tape recorders to convert electrical signals to magnetic fluctuations and vice versa.

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An audio tape recorder, tape deck or tape machine is an audio storage device that records and plays back sounds, including articulated voices, usually using magnetic tape, either wound on a reel or in a cassette, for storage.

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A tape transport is the collection of parts of a magnetic tape player or recorder that the actual tape passes through.

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Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in the United Kingdom that publishes books and academic journals.

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Tod Dockstader (March 20, 1932 – February 27, 2015) was an American composer of electronic music, and particularly musique concrète.

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A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.

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In music transposition refers to the process, or operation, of moving a collection of notes (pitches or pitch classes) up or down in pitch by a constant interval.

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Trevor Wishart (born 11 October 1946 in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire) is an English composer, based in York.

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A voltage-controlled filter (VCF) is a processor, a filter whose operating characteristics (primarily cutoff frequency) can be controlled by means of a control voltage applied to control inputs.

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Wire recording is a type of analog audio storage in which a magnetic recording is made on thin steel or stainless steel wire.

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Zār or Zaar (Arabic: زار) is a religious custom apparently originating in central Ethiopia during the 18th century and later spreading throughout East and North Africa.

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Chromatic phonogene, Concrete music, Groupe de Recherches Musicales, Groupe de recherches musicales, Music Concrete, Music concrete, Musique Concrete, Musique Concrète, Musique concrete, Musique concréte, Rock concrete, Studio de Musique Concrete, Studio de Musique Concrète.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musique_concrète

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