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Index Mustang

The mustang is a free-roaming horse of the American west that first descended from horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish. [1]

178 relations: Alberta, Alonso de León, American bison, American Quarter Horse, Americas, Animal unit, Apache, Appaloosa, Appropriation bill, Back (horse), Bannock people, Blackfeet Nation, British Columbia, Brumby, Bureau of Land Management, California, Cecum, Cerbat Mustang, Challis, Idaho, Choctaw horse, Christopher Columbus, Colonial Spanish Horse, Colorado Plateau, Columbia River drainage basin, Columbian Exchange, Comanche, Conquistador, Conrad Burns, Continental Divide of the Americas, Cougar, Cowboy, Crossbreed, Culling, Curly Horse, Delaware, Domestication of the horse, Draft horse, Dun gene, Eastern Shoshone, Ecological niche, Ecomorphology, Ecosystem, Equidae, Equine coat color, Equine nutrition, Equus (genus), Estray, Evolution of the horse, Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, Feral horse, ..., Florida Cracker Horse, Foal, Fort Detroit, Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Freeze brand, General Land Office, Genus, Gray wolf, Great Basin, Great Basin Desert, Great Lakes, Great Plains, Group size measures, Haringtonhippus, Hernando de Soto, Hernán Cortés, Hindgut fermentation, Horse, Horse hoof, Horse meat, Horse teeth, Horses in World War I, Humboldt Sink, Iberian horse, Ice age, Idaho, Illinois Confederation, Inbreeding, Indigenous (ecology), Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Introduced species, Invasive species, J. Frank Dobie, John Bidwell, John C. Frémont, Juan de Oñate, Kiger Mustang, Kleppe v. New Mexico, Latin, List of Bureau of Land Management Herd Management Areas, List of gaited horse breeds, List of horse breeds, Livestock, Local extinction, Mesta, Mesteñeros, Mexican–American War, Mexico, Mississippi River, Morphology (biology), Narváez expedition, National Park Service, Natural selection, Navajo, Nevada, New Mexico, Nez Perce people, North America, Northern Paiute, Northern Shoshone, Nueces River, Nueces Strip, Oxford English Dictionary, Pack animal, Palo Duro Canyon, Pastoralism, Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant, Phenotype, Plains Indians, Pleistocene, PLOS Biology, Polymorphism (biology), Pony, Primitive markings, Pryor Mountain Mustang, Przewalski's horse, Pueblo Revolt, Puebloans, Pyramid Lake (Nevada), Ranch, Rangeland, Rangeland management, Rhode Island, Rider (legislation), Rio Grande, Rocky Mountains, Ruminant, Rump (animal), San Joaquin Valley, Santa Fe de Nuevo México, Selective breeding, Shoshone, Snake River, Southern Ute Indian Reservation, Spain, Spain in the Middle Ages, Spanish language, Spanish missions in the Americas, Spanish Mustang, Species, St. Louis, Stephen F. Austin, Stillwater Range, Sure-footedness, Taxon, Taylor Grazing Act of 1934, Texas, The Wildlife Society, Thoroughbred, Ulysses S. Grant, Ungulate, United States Cavalry, United States Congress, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Forest Service, United States Grazing Service, United States National Forest, Ute people, Vaquero, West Indies, Western Shoshone, Western United States, Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, Wild horse, Withers, Wyoming, Zebulon Pike, 50 State Quarters. Expand index (128 more) »


Alberta is a western province of Canada.

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Alonso de León

Alonso de León "El Mozo" (c. 1639–1691) was explorer and governor, who led several expeditions into the area that is now northeastern Mexico and southern Texas.

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American bison

The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.

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American Quarter Horse

The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances.

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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Animal unit

The concept of an animal unit (AU) has traditionally been used in North America to facilitate planning, analysis and administration of forage use by grazing livestock, but the term has also had other applications (in relation to odor control regulation, feedlot size, manure management, etc.). The term has been variously defined by regulation in different jurisdictions, and by livestock management specialists, rangeland resource managers and others.

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The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache.

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The Appaloosa is an American horse breed best known for its colorful spotted coat pattern.

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Appropriation bill

An appropriation bill, also known as supply bill or spending bill, is proposed law that authorizes the expenditure of government funds.

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Back (horse)

The back describes the area of horse anatomy where the saddle goes, and in popular usage extends to include the loin or lumbar region behind the thoracic vertebrae that also is crucial to a horse's weight-carrying ability.

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Bannock people

The Bannock tribe were originally Northern Paiute but are more culturally affiliated with the Northern Shoshone.

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Blackfeet Nation

The Blackfeet Nation also known as the Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation and headquarters for the Siksikaitsitapi people in the United States.

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British Columbia

British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

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A Brumby is a free-roaming feral horse in Australia.

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Bureau of Land Management

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior that administers more than of public lands in the United States which constitutes one-eighth of the landmass of the country.

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California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.

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The cecum or caecum (plural ceca; from the Latin caecus meaning blind) is an intraperitoneal pouch that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine.

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Cerbat Mustang

The Cerbat Mustang is a feral horse breed that originated in Arizona and can still be found on the Cerbat HMA in that state.

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Challis, Idaho

Challis is the largest city in Custer County, Idaho, United States.

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Choctaw horse

The Choctaw Horse is a horse breed from the state of Mississippi in the United States that was originally used by the Choctaw tribe of Native Americans.

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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 145120 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer.

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Colonial Spanish Horse

The Colonial Spanish horse is the term, popularized by Dr.

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Colorado Plateau

The Colorado Plateau, also known as the Colorado Plateau Province, is a physiographic and desert region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.

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Columbia River drainage basin

The Columbia River drainage basin is the drainage basin of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.

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Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade following Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.

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The Comanche (Nʉmʉnʉʉ) are a Native American nation from the Great Plains whose historic territory, known as Comancheria, consisted of present-day eastern New Mexico, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas and northern Chihuahua.

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Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.

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Conrad Burns

Conrad Ray Burns (January 25, 1935 – April 28, 2016) was a United States Senator from Montana and later a lobbyist.

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Continental Divide of the Americas

The Continental Divide of the Americas (also known as the Great Divide, the Continental Gulf of Division, or merely the Continental Divide) is the principal, and largely mountainous, hydrological divide of the Americas.

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The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.

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A cowboy is an animal herder who tends cattle on ranches in North America, traditionally on horseback, and often performs a multitude of other ranch-related tasks.

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A crossbreed is an organism with purebred parents of two different breeds, varieties, or populations.

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In biology, culling is the process of segregating organisms from a group according to desired or undesired characteristics.

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Curly Horse

A Curly is a breed of horse.

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Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.

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Domestication of the horse

A number of hypotheses exist on many of the key issues regarding the domestication of the horse.

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Draft horse

A draft horse (US), draught horse (UK and Commonwealth) or dray horse (from the Old English dragan meaning "to draw or haul"; compare Dutch dragen and German tragen meaning "to carry" and Danish drage meaning "to draw" or "to fare"), less often called a carthorse, work horse or heavy horse, is a large horse bred to be a working animal doing hard tasks such as plowing and other farm labor.

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Dun gene

The dun gene is a dilution gene that affects both red and black pigments in the coat color of a horse.

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Eastern Shoshone

Eastern Shoshone are Shoshone who primarily live in Wyoming and in the northeast corner of the Great Basin where Utah, Idaho and Wyoming meet and are in the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People.

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Ecological niche

In ecology, a niche (CanE, or) is the fit of a species living under specific environmental conditions.

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Ecomorphology or ecological morphology is the study of the relationship between the ecological role of an individual and its morphological adaptations.

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An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.

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Equidae (sometimes known as the horse family) is the taxonomic family of horses and related animals, including the extant horses, donkeys, and zebras, and many other species known only from fossils.

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Equine coat color

Horses exhibit a diverse array of coat colors and distinctive markings.

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Equine nutrition

Equine nutrition is the feeding of horses, ponies, mules, donkeys, and other equines.

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Equus (genus)

Equus is a genus of mammals in the family Equidae, which includes horses, donkeys, and zebras.

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Estray, in law, is any domestic animal found wandering at large or lost, particularly if the owner is unknown.

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Evolution of the horse

The evolution of the horse, a mammal of the family Equidae, occurred over a geologic time scale of 50 million years, transforming the small, dog-sized, forest-dwelling Eohippus into the modern horse.

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Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976

The Federal Land Policy and Management Act, or FLPMA, is a United States federal law that governs the way in which the public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management are managed.

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Feral horse

A feral horse is a free-roaming horse of domesticated ancestry.

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Florida Cracker Horse

The Florida Cracker Horse is a breed of horse from Florida in the United States.

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A foal is an equine up to one year old; this term is used mainly for horses.

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Fort Detroit

Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or Fort Detroit was a fort established on the west bank of the Detroit River by the French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac in 1701.

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Francisco Vázquez de Coronado

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado y Luján (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who led a large expedition from Mexico to present-day Kansas through parts of the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.

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Freeze brand

Freeze branding is a branding process that involves the use of liquid nitrogen or dry ice and alcohol to cool a branding iron so that the iron may then be used to alter the hair follicle of an animal to remove the pigmentation or to remove the hair altogether, depending on the color of the animal.

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General Land Office

The General Land Office (GLO) was an independent agency of the United States government responsible for public domain lands in the United States.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Gray wolf

The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).

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Great Basin

The Great Basin is the largest area of contiguous endorheic watersheds in North America.

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Great Basin Desert

The Great Basin Desert is part of the Great Basin between the Sierra Nevada and the Wasatch Range.

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Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

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Great Plains

The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.

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Group size measures

Many animals, including humans, tend to live in groups, herds, flocks, bands, packs, shoals, or colonies (hereafter: groups) of conspecific individuals.

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Haringtonhippus is an extinct genus of stilt-legged horse, which was native to North America in the Pleistocene.

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Hernando de Soto

Hernando de Soto (1495 – May 21, 1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States (through Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and most likely Arkansas).

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Hernán Cortés

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.

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Hindgut fermentation

Hindgut fermentation is a digestive process seen in monogastric herbivores, animals with a simple, single-chambered stomach.

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The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.

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Horse hoof

A horse hoof is a structure surrounding the distal phalanx of the 3rd digit (digit III of the basic pentadactyl limb of vertebrates, evolved into a single weight-bearing digit in equids) of each of the four limbs of Equus species, which is covered by complex soft tissue and keratinised (cornified) structures.

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Horse meat

Horse meat is the culinary name for meat cut from a horse.

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Horse teeth

Horse teeth refers to the dentition of equine species, including horses and donkeys.

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Horses in World War I

The use of horses in World War I marked a transitional period in the evolution of armed conflict.

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Humboldt Sink

Humboldt Sink is an intermittent dry lake bed, approximately 11 mi (18 km) long, and 4 mi (6 km) across, in northwestern Nevada in the United States.

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Iberian horse

The Iberian horse is a title given to a number of horse breeds native to the Iberian peninsula.

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Ice age

An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

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Idaho is a state in the northwestern region of the United States.

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Illinois Confederation

The Illinois Confederation, sometimes referred to as the Illiniwek or Illini, was a group of 12–13 Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River valley of North America.

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Inbreeding is the production of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically.

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Indigenous (ecology)

In biogeography, a species is defined as indigenous to a given region or ecosystem if its presence in that region is the result of only natural process, with no human intervention.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Invasive species

An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.

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J. Frank Dobie

James Frank Dobie (September 26, 1888 – September 18, 1964) was an American folklorist, writer, and newspaper columnist best known for his many books depicting the richness and traditions of life in rural Texas during the days of the open range.

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John Bidwell

John Bidwell (August 5, 1819 – April 4, 1900) was known throughout California and across the nation as an important pioneer, farmer, soldier, statesman, politician, prohibitionist and philanthropist.

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John C. Frémont

John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States.

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Juan de Oñate

Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1550–1626) was a conquistador from New Spain, explorer, and colonial governor of the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the viceroyalty of New Spain.

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Kiger Mustang

The Kiger Mustang is a strain of mustang horse located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Oregon.

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Kleppe v. New Mexico

Kleppe v. New Mexico,, was a United States Supreme Court decision that unanimously held the Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, passed in 1971 by the United States Congress to protect these animals from "capture, branding, harassment, or death", to be a constitutional exercise of congressional power.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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List of Bureau of Land Management Herd Management Areas

Herd Management Areas (HMA) are lands under the supervision of the United States Bureau of Land Management (BLM) that are managed for the primary but not exclusive benefit of free-roaming "wild" horses and burros.

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List of gaited horse breeds

Gaited horses are horse breeds that have selective breeding for natural gaited tendencies, that is, the ability to perform one of the smooth-to-ride, intermediate speed, four-beat horse gaits, collectively referred to as ambling gaits.

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List of horse breeds

This page is a list of horse and pony breeds, and also includes terms for types of horse that are not breeds but are commonly mistaken for breeds.

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Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

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Local extinction

Local extinction or extirpation is the condition of a species (or other taxon) that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere.

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The Mesta (Spanish: Honrado Concejo de la Mesta, literally "Honorable Council of the Mesta") was a powerful association of sheep ranchers in the medieval Crown of Castile.

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Mesteñeros, or mustang runners, were people in Western North America in the 19th and early 20th century, usually vaqueros or cowboys, that caught, broke and drove wild horses, called mesteños or mustangs, to market in the Spanish and later Mexican, and still later American territories of what is now Northern Mexico, Texas, New Mexico and California.

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Mexican–American War

The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mississippi River

The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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Narváez expedition

The Narváez expedition was a Spanish journey of exploration and colonization started in 1527 that intended to establish colonial settlements and garrisons in Florida.

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National Park Service

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.

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Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

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The Navajo (British English: Navaho, Diné or Naabeehó) are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States.

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Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.

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New Mexico

New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.

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Nez Perce people

The Nez Perce (autonym: Niimíipuu in their own language, meaning "the walking people" or "we, the people") are an Indigenous people of the Plateau who have lived on the Columbia River Plateau in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States for a long time.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Northern Paiute

Northern Paiute is a Numic tribe that has traditionally lived in the Great Basin in eastern California, western Nevada, and southeast Oregon.

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Northern Shoshone

Northern Shoshone are Shoshone of the Snake River Plain of southern Idaho and the northeast of the Great Basin where Idaho, Wyoming and Utah meet.

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Nueces River

The Nueces River is a river in the U.S. state of Texas, about long.

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Nueces Strip

The Nueces Strip or Wild Horse Desert is the area of south Texas between the Nueces River and the Rio Grande.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Pack animal

A pack animal or beast of burden is an individual or type of working animal used by humans as means of transporting materials by attaching them so their weight bears on the animal's back, in contrast to draft animals which pull loads but do not carry them.

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Palo Duro Canyon

Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon.

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Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.

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Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant is an autobiography by Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States, focused mainly on his military career during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War, and completed as he was dying of cancer in 1885.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Plains Indians

Plains Indians, Interior Plains Indians or Indigenous people of the Great Plains and Canadian Prairies are the Native American tribes and First Nation band governments who have traditionally lived on the greater Interior Plains (i.e. the Great Plains and the Canadian Prairies) in North America.

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The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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PLOS Biology

PLOS Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of Biology.

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Polymorphism (biology)

Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species.

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A pony is a small horse (Equus ferus caballus).

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Primitive markings

Primitive markings are a group of hair coat markings and qualities seen in several equine species, including horses, donkeys, and asses.

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Pryor Mountain Mustang

The Pryor Mountain Mustang is a substrain of Mustang considered to be genetically unique and one of the few strains of horses verified by DNA analysis to be descended from the original Colonial Spanish Horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish.

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Przewalski's horse

The Przewalski's horse (Khalkha, takhi; Ak Kaba Tuvan: dagy; Equus przewalskii or Equus ferus przewalskii), also called the Mongolian wild horse or Dzungarian horse, is a rare and endangered horse native to the steppes of central Asia.

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Pueblo Revolt

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680—also known as Popé's Rebellion—was an uprising of most of the indigenous Pueblo people against the Spanish colonizers in the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, present day New Mexico.

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The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material and religious practices.

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Pyramid Lake (Nevada)

Pyramid Lake is the geographic sink of the Truckee River Basin, northeast of Reno.

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A ranch is an area of land, including various structures, given primarily to the practice of ranching, the practice of raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep for meat or wool.

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Rangelands are grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, wetlands, and deserts that are grazed by domestic livestock or wild animals.

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Rangeland management

Rangeland management (also range management, range science, or arid-land management) is a professional natural science that centers around the study of rangelands and the "conservation and sustainable management for the benefit of current societies and future generations." Range management is defined by Holechek et al.

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Rhode Island

Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.

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Rider (legislation)

In legislative procedure, a rider is an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill.

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Rio Grande

The Rio Grande (or; Río Bravo del Norte, or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico (the other being the Colorado River).

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Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, are a major mountain range in western North America.

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Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.

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Rump (animal)

The rump or croup, in the external morphology of an animal, is the portion of the posterior dorsum – that is, posterior to the loins and anterior to the tail.

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San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies south of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the San Joaquin River.

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Santa Fe de Nuevo México

Santa Fe de Nuevo México (Santa Fe of New Mexico; shortened as Nuevo México or Nuevo Méjico, and translated as New Mexico) was a province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and later a territory of independent Mexico.

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Selective breeding

Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together.

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The Shoshone or Shoshoni are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions.

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Snake River

The Snake River is a major river of the greater Pacific Northwest region in the United States.

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Southern Ute Indian Reservation

The Southern Ute Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation in southwestern Colorado near the northern New Mexico state line.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spain in the Middle Ages

In many ways, the history of Spain is marked by waves of conquerors who brought their distinct cultures to the peninsula.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Spanish missions in the Americas

The Spanish missions in the Americas were Catholic missions established by the Spanish Empire during the 16th to 19th centuries in areas extending from Mexico and southwestern portions of current-day United States to as far south as Argentina and Chile.

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Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang is an American horse breed descended from horses brought from Spain during the early conquest of the Americas.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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St. Louis


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Stephen F. Austin

Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836) was an American empresario.

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Stillwater Range

The Stillwater Range is a mountain range located in western Nevada in the United States.

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Sure-footedness refers to the ability, especially when hiking or mountain climbing, to negotiate difficult or rough terrain safely.

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In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.

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Taylor Grazing Act of 1934

The Taylor Grazing Act of 1934 is a United States federal law that provides for the regulation of grazing on the public lands (excluding Alaska) to improve rangeland conditions and regulate their use.

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Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.

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The Wildlife Society

The Wildlife Society (TWS) is an international non-profit association involved in wildlife stewardship through science and education.

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The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.

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Ungulates (pronounced) are any members of a diverse group of primarily large mammals that includes odd-toed ungulates such as horses and rhinoceroses, and even-toed ungulates such as cattle, pigs, giraffes, camels, deer, and hippopotami.

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United States Cavalry

The United States Cavalry, or U.S. Cavalry, was the designation of the mounted force of the United States Army from the late 18th to the early 20th century.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Fish and Wildlife Service

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS or FWS) is an agency of the federal government within the U.S. Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats.

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United States Forest Service

The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass.

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United States Grazing Service

The United States Grazing Service was a part of the United States Department of the Interior that managed grazing lands and carried out the Taylor Grazing Act, which leased public land for grazing.

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United States National Forest

National Forest is a classification of protected and managed federal lands in the United States.

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Ute people

Ute people are Native Americans of the Ute tribe and culture and are among the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People.

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The vaquero (vaqueiro) is a horse-mounted livestock herder of a tradition that originated on the Iberian Peninsula.

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West Indies

The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.

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Western Shoshone

The Western Shoshone comprise several Shoshone tribes that are indigenous to the Great Basin and have lands identified in the Treaty of Ruby Valley 1863.

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Western United States

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.

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Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971

The Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 (WFRHBA), is an Act of Congress, signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 18, 1971.

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Wild horse

The wild horse (Equus ferus) is a species of the genus ''Equus'', which includes as subspecies the modern domesticated horse (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the undomesticated tarpan (Equus ferus ferus, now extinct), and the endangered Przewalski's horse (Equus ferus przewalskii).

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The withers is the ridge between the shoulder blades of an animal, typically a quadruped.

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Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.

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Zebulon Pike

Zebulon Montgomery Pike (January 5, 1779 – April 27, 1813) was an American brigadier general and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado was renamed (from El Capitan).

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50 State Quarters

The 50 State Quarters Program was the release of a series of circulating commemorative coins by the United States Mint.

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America's Free-Roaming horses, America's Free-Roaming horses (also commonly referred to as "wild horses"), America's free-roaming horses, Judas horse, Mesteño, Mustang (animal), Mustang (horse), Mustang horse, Mustangs, Mustnag, Wild Mustang, Wild horses of Arizona, Wild mustang.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustang

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