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Index Mykolaiv

Mykolaiv (Микола́їв), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev (Никола́ев), is a city in southern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast. [1]

163 relations: Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding, Afrikan Spir, Aleksey Greig, All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee, Bandy, Batumi, Belarusians, Berdiansk, Berezan Island, Black Sea, Black Sea Shipyard, Blahovishchenske, Borjomi, BTR-70, Bulgarians, Capital city, Chișinău, City, City of regional significance (Ukraine), Crimea, Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Crimean War, Dezhou, Dnieper, Dnieper Estuary, Dnieper-Bug Estuary, Dniester, Dnipro, Dzhankoy, Eastern European Summer Time, Eastern European Time, Environmental issue, Espreso TV, Estuary, Europe, Gdańsk, Georgy Brusilov, Germans, Governorate (Russia), Grigory Potemkin, Highway M05 (Ukraine), Highway M12 (Ukraine), Highway M14 (Ukraine), ICLEI, Imperial Russian Navy, Inhul, Inland port, International Black Sea Club, Isaac Babel, Izmail, ..., Jews, Kerch, Kharkiv, Kherson, Kherson Governorate, Kiev, Kropyvnytskyi, Kryvyi Rih, Leon Trotsky, List of minor planets: 8001–9000, List of sovereign states, Lublin, Lviv, Lviv Oblast, Lyon, Mariupol, Marshrutka, Mayor, MBC Mykolaiv, Mechanical engineering, Melitopol, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Metallurgy, MFC Mykolaiv, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mogilev, Moscow, Murder of Oksana Makar, Mykola Arkas, Mykolaiv Airport, Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolaiv Observatory, Mykolaiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Mykolaiv Shipyard, Mykolaiv, Lviv Oblast, Mykolayiv Regional Museum of Local History, Mykolayiv Shipyard, Mykolayiv State Agrarian University, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Navy, Nikolaev massacre, Nikolai Chernykh, Nilüfer, Bursa, Novoazovsk, Novorossiya, Oblast, Oblasts of Ukraine, Ochakiv, Odessa, Odessa Governorate, Okean Shipyard, Oleg Voloshyn, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Pale of Settlement, Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University, Pleven, Poland, Poles, Politics of the Soviet Union, Postal code, Power engineering, Raion, Raions of Ukraine, Reni, Ukraine, Russia, Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, Russian Navy, Russian Orthodox Church, Russians, Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792), Saint Nicholas, Saint Petersburg, Sandora, Seat of local government, Self Reliance (political party), Sevastopol, Shipbuilding, Siege of Ochakov (1788), Simferopol, Southern Bug, Soviet Union, Stepan Makarov, Sukhoi Su-24, Sukhoi Su-25, Sukhoi Su-27, Swing bridge, The Museum of Shipbuilding and Fleet, The V. V. Vereshchagin Mykolaiv Art Museum, Tiraspol, Trams in Mykolaiv, Transliteration, Trieste, Ukraine, Ukrainian Navy, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, Ukrainians, Ukrinform, Uman, Utair, Viktor Yanukovych, Vitovka Raion, Vnukovo International Airport, War in Donbass, Warsaw, Waste, World War II, Yalta, Yuri Nosenko, Zorya-Mashproekt, 79th Air Assault Brigade (Ukraine), 92nd Training Centre (Ukraine). Expand index (113 more) »

Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding

The Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding in Mykolaiv is a higher education institution which trains specialists for the shipbuilding and allied industries of Ukraine.

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Afrikan Spir

Afrikan Aleksandrovich Spir (Russian: Африка́н Алекса́ндрович Спир; German: Afrikan (von) Spir, French: African (de) Spir, Italian: Africano Spir) (15 November 1837 – 26 March 1890) was a Russian Neo-Kantian philosopher of Greek-German descent who wrote primarily in German.

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Aleksey Greig

Aleksey Samuilovich Greig (Russian: Алексей Самуилович Грейг) (6 September 1775 – 18 January 1845), born into the noble Greig family, was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.

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All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee

All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee (Всеукраїнський центральний виконавчий комітет) was a representative body of the All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets.

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Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team's goal.

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Batumi (ბათუმი) is the second-largest city of Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea in the country's southwest.

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Belarusians (беларусы, biełarusy, or Byelorussians (from the Byelorussian SSR), are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the overwhelming majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority.

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Berdyansk, or Berdiansk, (Бердя́нськ, Бердя́нск) is a port city in the Zaporizhia Oblast (province) of south-east Ukraine.

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Berezan Island

Berezan (Cyrillic: Береза́нь; Ancient Greek: Borysthenes; former Pirezin) is an island in the Black Sea at the entrance of the Dnieper-Bug Estuary, Ochakiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine.

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Black Sea

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.

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Black Sea Shipyard

The Black Sea Shipyard (Чорноморський суднобудівний завод; Черноморский судостроительный завод) is located in Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Blahovishchenske is a city in Kirovohrad Oblast (province) of Ukraine.

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Borjomi (ბორჯომი) is a resort town in south-central Georgia with a population of 10,546.

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The BTR-70 is an eight-wheeled armored personnel carrier (бронетранспортер/''Bronetransporter'', or literally "Armoured Transporter") originally developed by the Soviet Union during the late 1960s under the manufacturing code GAZ-4905.

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Bulgarians (българи, Bǎlgari) are a South Slavic ethnic group who are native to Bulgaria and its neighboring regions.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Chișinău, also known as Kishinev (r), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Moldova.

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A city is a large human settlement.

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City of regional significance (Ukraine)

City of regional significance is a city municipality that is designated as a separate district within its region (i.e. oblast, Crimea).

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Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.

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Crimean Astrophysical Observatory

The Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (CrAO, obs. code: 095) is located at Nauchnij research campus, near the Central Crimean city of Bakhchysarai, on the Crimean peninsula.

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Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

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Dezhou is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China.

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The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.

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Dnieper Estuary

Dnieper Estuary, or Dnieper Liman (Дніпровський лиман), is an open oligohaline estuary in the northern part of the Black Sea, in the southern Ukraine.

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Dnieper-Bug Estuary

The Dnieper-Bug Estuary (Дніпровсько-Бузький лиман) is an open estuary, or liman, of two rivers: the Dnieper and the Southern Bug (also called the Boh River).

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The Dniester or Dnister River is a river in Eastern Europe.

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Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.

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Dzhankoy, Jankoy (Ukrainian and Джанкóй, Canköy) is a town of regional significance in the north of the Crimea.

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Eastern European Summer Time

Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Eastern European Time

Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time.

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Environmental issue

Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environment.

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Espreso TV

Espreso TV (Еспресо TV) is an Internet television station in Ukraine that started to operate in November 2013.

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An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

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Georgy Brusilov

Georgy Lvovich Brusilov (Гео́ргий Льво́вич Бруси́лов) or Hryhoriy Brusylov (May 19, 1884 in Nikolayev, Russian Empire (now Mykolaiv, Ukraine) – 1914?) was a Russian naval officer of the Imperial Russian Navy and an Arctic explorer.

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Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.

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Governorate (Russia)

A governorate, or a guberniya (p; also romanized gubernia, guberniia, gubernya), was a major and principal administrative subdivision of the Russian Empire and the early Russian SFSR and Ukrainian SSR.

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Grigory Potemkin

Prince Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin-Tavricheski (Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин-Таври́ческий; r Grigoriy Aleksandrovich Potyomkin-Tavricheskiy; A number of dates as late as 1742 have been found on record; the veracity of any one is unlikely to be proved. This is his "official" birth-date as given on his tombstone. –) was a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favourite of Catherine the Great.

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Highway M05 (Ukraine)

is a state international highway in Ukraine connecting the two largest cities: Kiev and Odessa.

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Highway M12 (Ukraine)

M12 is a Ukrainian international highway (M-highway) connecting Lviv Oblast to Central Ukraine, where after crossing the Dnieper it continues further as the M04.

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Highway M14 (Ukraine)

is a Ukrainian international highway (M-highway) connecting Odessa to the Russian border east of Mariupol, where it connects to the Russian Highway.

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ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, founded in 1990 as the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, is an international organization of local governments and national and regional local government organizations that have made a commitment to sustainable development.

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Imperial Russian Navy

The Imperial Russian Navy was the navy of the Russian Empire.

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Inhul (Інгул) is a left tributary of the Southern Bug (Boh) and is the 14th longest river of Ukraine.

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Inland port

An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.

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International Black Sea Club

International Black Sea Club is an international non-governmental organisation uniting several cities on the Black Sea and in its vicinity.

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Isaac Babel

Isaac Emmanuilovich Babel (p; – 27 January 1940) was a Russian-language journalist, playwright, literary translator, historian and Bolshevik revolutionary.

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Izmail (translit. Izmayil; Измаил, translit. Izmail; Ismail; also referred to as Ismail; Izmaił, Исмаил) is a historic city on the Danube river in Odessa Oblast in south-western Ukraine.

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Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Kerch (Керчь, Керч, Old East Slavic: Кърчевъ, Ancient Greek: Παντικάπαιον Pantikapaion, Keriç, Kerç) is a city of regional significance on the Kerch Peninsula in the east of the Crimea.

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Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.

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Kherson is a city in southern Ukraine.

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Kherson Governorate

The Kherson Governorate (1802–1922) (Херсонская губерния, translit.: Khersonskaya guberniya; Херсонська губернія, translit.: Khersons`ka huberniya) or Government of Kherson was a guberniya, or administrative territorial unit, between the Dnieper and Dniester Rivers, of the Russian Empire.

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Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.

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Kropyvnytskyi (Kropyvnyc'kyj) is a city in central Ukraine on the Inhul river, and is the administrative center of the Kirovohrad Oblast.

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Kryvyi Rih

Kryvyi Rih (krɪˈwɪj riɦ|lit.

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Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.

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List of minor planets: 8001–9000

#fefefe | 8193 Ciaurro || 1993 SF || September 17, 1993 || Stroncone || Santa Lucia Obs.

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List of sovereign states

This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

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Lublin (Lublinum) is the ninth largest city in Poland and the second largest city of Lesser Poland.

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Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.

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Lviv Oblast

Lviv Oblast (Львівська область, translit. L’vivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as L’vivshchyna, Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine.

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Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.

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Mariupol (Маріу́поль, also Mariiupil; Мариу́поль; Marioupoli) is a city of regional significance in south eastern Ukraine, situated on the north coast of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Kalmius river, in the Pryazovia region.

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Marshrutka (Russian: маршру́тка), from marshrutne taksi routed taxicab, is a form of public transportation such as a share taxi for the countries of CIS, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Armenia, and Georgia.

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In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

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MBC Mykolaiv

MBC Mykolaiv (in Ukrainian: МБК Николаев), commonly known as simply Mykolaiv, is a professional basketball team (club) of Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.

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Melitopol (Меліто́поль, translit. Melitópol’, Мелитополь) is a city in Zaporizhia Oblast (region) of southeastern Ukraine.

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Menachem Mendel Schneerson

Menachem Mendel Schneerson (April 18, 1902 OS – June 12, 1994 / AM 11 Nissan 5662 – 3 Tammuz 5754), known to many as the Lubavitcher Rebbe or simply as the Rebbe, was a Russian Empire–born American Orthodox Jewish rabbi, and the last rebbe of the Lubavitcher Hasidic dynasty.

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Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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MFC Mykolaiv

MFС Mykolaiv (Municipal Football Club "Mykolaiv") is a Ukrainian football club based in Mykolaiv.

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Mikoyan MiG-29

The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.

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Mogilev (or Mahilyow; Магілёў,; Łacinka: Mahiloŭ; Могилёв,; מאָליעוו, Molyev) is a city in eastern Belarus, about from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblast and from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast.

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Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

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Murder of Oksana Makar

The murder of Oksana Makar took place in March 2012 in Ukraine, garnering extensive media coverage both at home and abroad and leading to mass protests.

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Mykola Arkas

Mykola Mykolayovych Arkas (born 7 January 1853, Mykolaiv – 26 September 1909, Mykolaiv) was a Ukrainian composer, writer, historian, and cultural activist.

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Mykolaiv Airport

Mykolaiv International Airport, also known as Nikolaev Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт Миколаїв, Международный аэропорт Николаев) is an airport in Mykolaiv (Nikolaev), in the Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine.

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Mykolaiv Oblast

Mykolaiv Oblast (Миколаївська область, Mykolajivśka oblasť; also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna, Миколаївщина), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev Oblast (Николаевская область, Nikoláyevskaya óblasť), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine.

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Mykolaiv Observatory

Nikolaev Observatory (full name is Research Institute “Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory”, Науково-дослідницький інститут «Миколаївська астрономічна обсерваторія») is an astronomical observatory in Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Mykolaiv Raion, Mykolaiv Oblast

Mykolaiv Raion (Миколаївський район) is located in Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine.

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Mykolaiv Shipyard

Mykolaiv Shipyard may refer to three shipyards in the Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv or Nikolayev.

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Mykolaiv, Lviv Oblast

Mykolaiv (also referred to as Mykolayiv) is a city in Lviv Oblast (region) in western Ukraine.

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Mykolayiv Regional Museum of Local History

Mykolayiv Regional Museum of Local History “Staroflotski Barracks” is one of the oldest museums in Ukraine.

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Mykolayiv Shipyard

Mykolayiv Shipyard (Миколаївський суднобудівний завод) is a major shipyard located in Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Mykolayiv State Agrarian University

Mykolaiv National Agrarian University (also known as MNAU, Ukrainian: Миколаївський національний аграрний університет (МНАУ)) is a public agricultural college in Ukraine.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.

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Nikolaev massacre

The Nikolaev Massacre was a massacre which resulted in the deaths of 35,782 Soviet citizens, most of whom were Jews, during World War II, on September 16–30, 1941.

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Nikolai Chernykh

Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh (Николай Степанович Черных) (6 October 1931 – 26 May 2004) was a Russian-born Soviet astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnij, on the Crimean peninsula.

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Nilüfer, Bursa

Nilüfer is a district of Bursa Province of Turkey.

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Novoazovsk (Новоазовск) is a border town on the south-eastern tip of Ukraine (bordering Russia),, Interfax-Ukraine (17 March 2014) it is the administrative center of the Novoazovsk Raion (district), in Donetsk Oblast (province).

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Novorossiya (a; Noua Rusie), literally New Russia but sometimes called South Russia, is a historical term of the Russian Empire denoting a region north of the Black Sea (Now part of Ukraine).

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An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

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Oblasts of Ukraine

An oblast (область), in English referred to as a region, refers to one of Ukraine's 24 primary administrative units.

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Ochakiv also known as Ochakov (Очаків, Очаков, Özü, Oceacov and Vozia, and Alektor (Ἀλέκτορος in Greek) is a small city in Mykolaiv Oblast (region) of southern Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of Ochakiv Raion (district), the city itself does not belong to the raion and is designated as a city of regional significance. Population: For many years the city-fortress served as a capital of the Ottoman province (eyalet).

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Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.

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Odessa Governorate

Odessa Governorate was a territorial division or gubernia of the Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine) that was created in January 1920 on decision of the All-Ukrainian Revolutionary Committee (Soviet regime).

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Okean Shipyard

The Okean Shipyard (Завод «Океан») located in Mykolaiv, Ukraine is the third major ship construction yard in the area.

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Oleg Voloshyn

Oleg Anatolievich Voloshyn (Ukrainian: Олег Анатолійович Волошин; born 7 April 1981, Mykolaiv) is a Russian-Ukrainian journalist, political pundit on 112 Ukraine, and former government official under Ukrainian prime ministers Mykola Azarov and Viktor Yanukovych.

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Order of the Red Banner of Labour

The Order of the Red Banner of Labour (translit) was an order of the Soviet Union established to honour great deeds and services to the Soviet state and society in the fields of production, science, culture, literature, the arts, education, health, social and other spheres of labour activities.

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Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation

The Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) is a regional international organization focusing on multilateral political and economic initiatives aimed at fostering cooperation, peace, stability and prosperity in the Black Sea region.

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Pale of Settlement

The Pale of Settlement (Черта́ осе́длости,, דער תּחום-המושבֿ,, תְּחוּם הַמּוֹשָב) was a western region of Imperial Russia with varying borders that existed from 1791 to 1917, in which permanent residency by Jews was allowed and beyond which Jewish permanent or temporary residency was mostly forbidden.

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Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University

Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University is a Ukrainian national university in Mykolayiv.

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Pleven (Плевен) is the seventh most populous city in Bulgaria.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.

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Politics of the Soviet Union

The political system of the Soviet Union took place in a single-party socialist republic framework which was characterized by the superior role of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), the only party permitted by the Constitution.

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Postal code

A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.

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Power engineering

Power engineering, also called power systems engineering, is a subfield of electrical engineering that deals with the generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electric power, and the electrical apparatus connected to such systems.

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A raion (also rayon) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast).

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Raions of Ukraine

Raions of Ukraine (Райони України) are second level of administrative division of Ukraine and are primary the most common division of regions of Ukraine.

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Reni, Ukraine

Reni (Рені; Reni; Рени) is a small town in Odessa Oblast (province) of south Ukraine.

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov

Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov (Адмира́л фло́та Сове́тского Сою́за Кузнецо́в "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov") is an aircraft carrier (heavy aircraft-carrying missile cruiser, or TAVKR, in Russian classification) serving as the flagship of the Russian Navy.

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Russian Navy

The Russian Navy (r, lit. Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation) is the naval arm of the Russian Armed Forces.

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Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.

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Russians (русские, russkiye) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe. The majority of Russians inhabit the nation state of Russia, while notable minorities exist in other former Soviet states such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Ukraine and the Baltic states. A large Russian diaspora also exists all over the world, with notable numbers in the United States, Germany, Israel, and Canada. Russians are the most numerous ethnic group in Europe. The Russians share many cultural traits with their fellow East Slavic counterparts, specifically Belarusians and Ukrainians. They are predominantly Orthodox Christians by religion. The Russian language is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, and also spoken as a secondary language in many former Soviet states.

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Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)

The Russo–Turkish War of 1787–1792 involved an unsuccessful attempt by the Ottoman Empire to regain lands lost to the Russian Empire in the course of the previous Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774).

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Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Sandora LLC (Сандора) is a Ukrainian juice company based in Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Seat of local government

In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.

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Self Reliance (political party)

Union "Self Reliance" or "Self Help" (Об'єднання «Самопоміч»; Ob'yednannya «Samopomich») is a political party in Ukraine.

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Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.

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Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.

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Siege of Ochakov (1788)

The Second Siege of Ochakov (now Ochakiv, Ukraine) was one of the major events of the Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792).

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Simferopol (p; Сімферополь,; Aqmescit, Акъмесджит) is a city on the Crimean peninsula which, de facto, is the capital city of the Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation but, de jure, is the capital city of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine.

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Southern Bug

The Southern Bug, also called Southern Buh (Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh; Южный Буг, Yuzhny Bug), and sometimes Boh River, is a navigable river located in Ukraine.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Stepan Makarov

Stepan Osipovich Makarov (Степа́н О́сипович Мака́ров; –) was a Russian vice-admiral, a highly accomplished and decorated commander of the Imperial Russian Navy, an oceanographer, awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books.

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Sukhoi Su-24

The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union.

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Sukhoi Su-25

The Sukhoi Su-25 Grach (Грач (rook); NATO reporting name: Frogfoot) is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by Sukhoi.

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Sukhoi Su-27

The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.

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Swing bridge

A swing bridge is a movable bridge that has as its primary structural support a vertical locating pin and support ring, usually at or near to its center of gravity, about which the turning span can then pivot horizontally as shown in the animated illustration to the right.

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The Museum of Shipbuilding and Fleet

The Museum of Shipbuilding and Fleet (Музей судостроения и флота), the only museum of Shipbuilding in Ukraine, is situated in Mykolaiv (Nikolayev in Russian), Ukraine.

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The V. V. Vereshchagin Mykolaiv Art Museum

The V. V. Vereshchagin Mykolaiv Art Museum (Николаевский художественный музей имени В. В. Верещагина) is the museum of art, which is located in Mykolaiv, also known as Nikolayev (from Russian language), Ukraine.

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Tiraspol (Тирасполь; Тираспіль) is internationally recognised as the second largest city in Moldova, but is effectively the capital and administrative centre of the unrecognised Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria).

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Trams in Mykolaiv

The Mykolaiv tram network is the part of the public transportation system that serves Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).

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Trieste (Trst) is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Ukrainian Navy

The Ukrainian Naval Forces (Військово-Морські Сили України, ВМСУ, Viys’kovo-Mors’ki Syly Ukrayiny, VMSU) is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

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Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)

The Ukrainian Orthodox Church (UOC; Ukrayinsʹka Pravoslavna Tserkva, Ukrainskaya Pravoslavnaya Tserkov') is a self-governing church of the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine.

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Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate

Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP; Ukrayínsʹka Pravoslávna Tsérkva – Kýyivsʹkyy Patriarkhát (UPT-KP)) is the biggest one of the three major Orthodox churches in Ukraine, alongside the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.

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Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.

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The National News Agency of Ukraine (Українське національне інформаційне агентство) or Ukrinform (Укрінформ) is a state information and news agency of Ukraine.

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Uman (Умань,; Humań) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia.

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Utair (ОАО «Авиакомпания «ЮТэйр») is a Russian airline with its head office at Khanty-Mansiysk Airport while its hubs are at Surgut International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport.

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Viktor Yanukovych

Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ві́ктор Фе́дорович Януко́вич,; born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who was elected as the fourth President of Ukraine on 7 February 2010.

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Vitovka Raion

Vitovka Raion (Вітовський район) is located in Mykolaiv Oblast of Ukraine.

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Vnukovo International Airport

Vnukovo International Airport (p), is a dual-runway international airport located southwest of the centre of Moscow, Russia.

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War in Donbass

The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.

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Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yalta (Yalta; Я́лта; Я́лта) is a resort city on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea.

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Yuri Nosenko


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Zorya-Mashproekt is a research and production complex that specializes in a gas turbine construction.

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79th Air Assault Brigade (Ukraine)

The 79th Air Assault Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Air Assault Forces.

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92nd Training Centre (Ukraine)

The 92nd Training Centre was a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces, that drew most of its history from the 92nd Guards Rifle Division, that became the 92nd Guards Training Motor Rifle Division in 1965.

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Redirects here:

History of Mykolaiv, Mykolaiv, Nikolaevskaya oblast, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, Mykolayiv, Mykolaïv, Nicolaieff, Nicolayev, Nikolaev (Ukraine), Nikolaieff, Nikolayev (Ukraine), Nikolayev, Ukraine, Transport in Mykolaiv, Миколаїв.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mykolaiv

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