87 relations: American Museum of Natural History, Amino acid, Antarctica, Antenna (biology), Arboreal locomotion, Armadillidiidae, Arthropleura, Arthropleuridea, Arthropod, Arthropod leg, Arthropod mouthparts, Atelocerata, Benzoquinone, Bioluminescence, Blister, Cambrian, Centipede, Chelicerata, Clade, Class (biology), Compound (linguistics), Contributions to Zoology, Crustacean, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Detritivore, Detritus, East Carolina University, Ecdysis, Encyclopædia Britannica, Euthycarcinoidea, Fossil, Ganglion, Genus, Gonopore, Grassland, Herbivore, Hexapoda, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Illacme plenipes, Instar, Latin, Malpighian tubule system, Mandible (arthropod mouthpart), Mandibulata, Maxilla (arthropod mouthpart), Metamerism (biology), Millipede, Molecular biology, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Monophyly, ..., Myriad, Myriapodology, Myriochelata, Nannarrup hoffmani, Nature (journal), Nucleic acid sequence, Oregon State University, Pancrustacea, Pauropoda, Permian, Phylogenetic nomenclature, Pierre André Latreille, Pill millipede, Plant litter, Pneumodesmus, Predation, Scolopendra gigantea, Scutigera, Secretion, Sediment-dwelling organism, Segmentation (biology), Semi-arid climate, Silurian, Sister group, Soil, Species, Spermatophore, Spiracle, Springer Science+Business Media, Subphylum, Symphyla, Tergum, Terrestrial animal, Trachea, Trichobothria, University of California, Berkeley, Venom. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Antennae (singular: antenna), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.
Arboreal locomotion is the locomotion of animals in trees.
Armadillidiidae is a family of woodlice, a terrestrial crustacean group in the order Isopoda.
Arthropleura (Greek for jointed ribs) is a genus of extinct millipede arthropods that lived in what is now northeastern North America and Scotland around 315 to 299 million years ago, during the late Carboniferous Period.
Arthropleuridea is an extinct subclass of myriapod arthropods that flourished during the Carboniferous period, having first arose during the Silurian, and perishing due to climate change just before the Early Permian.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
The arthropod leg is a form of jointed appendage of arthropods, usually used for walking.
The mouthparts of arthropods have evolved into a number of forms, each adapted to a different style or mode of feeding.
Atelocerata is a proposed clade of arthropods that includes Hexapoda (insects and a few related taxa) and Myriapoda (millipedes, centipedes, and similar taxa), but excludes Crustacea (such as shrimp and lobsters) and Chelicerata (such as spiders and horseshoe crabs).
Benzoquinone (C6H4O2) is a quinone with a single benzene ring, of which there are only two.
Bioluminescence is the production and emission of light by a living organism.
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
The Cambrian Period was the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era, and of the Phanerozoic Eon.
Centipedes (from Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and pes, pedis, "foot") are arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes Millipedes and other multi-legged creatures.
The subphylum Chelicerata (New Latin, from French chélicère, from Greek khēlē "claw, chela" and kéras "horn") constitutes one of the major subdivisions of the phylum Arthropoda.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
In biological classification, class (classis) is a taxonomic rank, as well as a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank.
In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.
Contributions to Zoology (formerly known as Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde) is a scientific journal that started in 1848 as a publication of the Committee in charge of the library of the Dutch Royal Zoological Society "Natura Artis Magistra" and became integrated in the library of the University of Amsterdam in 1939.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
The Department of the Environment and Heritage was an Australian government department that existed between October 1998 and December 2007.
Detritivores, also known as detrivores, detritophages, detritus feeders, or detritus eaters, are heterotrophs that obtain nutrients by consuming detritus (decomposing plant and animal parts as well as feces).
In biology, detritus is dead particulate organic material (as opposed to dissolved organic material).
East Carolina University (ECU) is a public, doctoral/research university in Greenville, North Carolina It is the third largest university in North Carolina.
Ecdysis is the moulting of the cuticle in many invertebrates of the clade Ecdysozoa.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Euthycarcinoidea was an enigmatic group of possibly amphibious arthropods that ranged from Cambrian to Triassic times.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
A ganglion is a nerve cell cluster or a group of nerve cell bodies located in the autonomic nervous system and sensory system.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
A gonopore, sometimes called a gonadopore, is a genital pore in many invertebrates.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.
A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet.
The subphylum Hexapoda (from the Greek for six legs) constitutes the largest number of species of arthropods and includes the insects as well as three much smaller groups of wingless arthropods: Collembola, Protura, and Diplura (all of these were once considered insects).
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.
Illacme plenipes is a siphonorhinid millipede found in the central region of the U.S. state of California.
An instar (from the Latin "form", "likeness") is a developmental stage of arthropods, such as insects, between each moult (ecdysis), until sexual maturity is reached.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Malpighian tubule system is a type of excretory and osmoregulatory system found in some insects, myriapods, arachnids, and tardigrades.
The mandibles of a bull ant The mandible (from mandibula or mandĭbŭ-lum, a jaw) of an arthropod is a pair of mouthparts used either for biting or cutting and holding food.
Mandibulata, termed "mandibulates", is a clade of arthropods that comprises the extant subphyla Myriapoda (millipedes and others), Crustacea and Hexapoda (insects and others).
In arthropods, the maxillae (singular maxilla) are paired structures present on the head as mouthparts in members of the clade Mandibulata, used for tasting and manipulating food.
In biology, metamerism is the phenomenon of having a linear series of body segments fundamentally similar in structure, though not all such structures are entirely alike in any single life form because some of them perform special functions.
Millipedes are a group of arthropods that are characterised by having two pairs of jointed legs on most body segments; they are known scientifically as the class Diplopoda, the name being derived from this feature.
Molecular biology is a branch of biology which concerns the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of evolutionary biology and phylogenetics.
In cladistics, a monophyletic group, or clade, is a group of organisms that consists of all the descendants of a common ancestor.
A myriad (from Ancient Greek label) is technically the number ten thousand; in that sense, the term is used almost exclusively in translations from Greek, Latin, or Chinese, or when talking about ancient Greek numbers.
Myriapodology is the scientific study of myriapods which includes centipedes and millipedes.
The Myriochelata or Paradoxopoda, is a proposed grouping of arthropods comprising the Myriapoda (including millipedes and centipedes) and Chelicerata (including spiders and scorpions).
Nannarrup hoffmani, commonly known as Hoffman's dwarf centipede, is a species of centipede that was discovered in New York City's Central Park in 2002.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.
Oregon State University (OSU) is an international, public research university in the northwest United States, located in Corvallis, Oregon.
Pancrustacea is a clade, comprising all crustaceans and hexapods.
Pauropods are small, pale, millipede-like arthropods.
The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.
Phylogenetic nomenclature, often called cladistic nomenclature, is a method of nomenclature for taxa in biology that uses phylogenetic definitions for taxon names as explained below.
Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.
Pill millipedes are any members of two living (and one extinct) orders of millipedes, often grouped together into a single superorder, Oniscomorpha.
Litterfall, plant litter, leaf litter, tree litter, soil litter, or duff, is dead plant material (such as leaves, bark, needles, twigs, and cladodes) that have fallen to the ground.
Pneumodesmus newmani is a species of millipede that lived in the Paleozoic.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Scolopendra gigantea, also known as the Peruvian giant yellow-leg centipede or Amazonian giant centipede, is one of the largest centipedes of the genus Scolopendra with a length up to.
Scutigera is a centipede genus in the family Scutigeridae.
Secretion is the movement of material from one point to another, e.g. secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
A sediment-dwelling organism is a creature or micro-organism which lives mainly inside sediment – the layer of small particles at the bottom of a body of water.
Segmentation in biology is the division of some animal and plant body plans into a series of repetitive segments.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
The Silurian is a geologic period and system spanning 24.6 million years from the end of the Ordovician Period, at million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Devonian Period, Mya.
A sister group or sister taxon is a phylogenetic term denoting the closest relatives of another given unit in an evolutionary tree.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
A spermatophore or sperm ampulla is a capsule or mass containing spermatozoa created by males of various animal species, especially salamanders and arthropods, and transferred in entirety to the female's ovipore during reproduction.
Spiracles are openings on the surface of some animals, which usually lead to respiratory systems.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
In zoological nomenclature, a subphylum is a taxonomic rank below the rank of phylum.
Symphylans, also known as garden centipedes or pseudocentipedes, are soil-dwelling arthropods of the class Symphyla in the subphylum Myriapoda.
A tergum (Latin for "the back"; plural terga, associated adjective tergal) is the dorsal ('upper') portion of an arthropod segment other than the head.
Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, spiders), as compared with aquatic animals, which live predominantly or entirely in the water (e.g., fish, lobsters, octopuses), or amphibians, which rely on a combination of aquatic and terrestrial habitats (e.g., frogs, or newts).
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
Trichobothria (singular trichobothrium) are elongate setae ("hairs") present in arachnids, various orders of insects, and myriapods that function in the detection of airborne vibrations and currents.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
Venomous Animals Venom is a form of toxin secreted by an animal for the purpose of causing harm to another.